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How To Pastel

How To Pastel

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How To Pastel

Longueur:
241 pages
1 heure
Éditeur:
Sortie:
Mar 29, 2013
ISBN:
9781301301881
Format:
Livre

Description

In this book, you will discover in a practical and easy way how to use pastels. The book contains information, techniques, tips and images from which you can learn: about the pastel, about the types of pastels, how they work, how to take care of them, the surface of the paper and about the papers for pastels, how to hold the pastel in your hand, how to hatch, blend, color, draw, sketch, harmonize, blend, how to do the light, how to make a work more darker, how to make a more 3-D look, how to use soft and oil pastels, the surface of the colored paper, its texture and other valuable tips. The images are placed in the order of the drawing steps, which are described below each drawing.

The book is based on the personal experiences of the artist. The examples are written in a very easy and friendly way. They can help a lot of people, of every level to draw better with pastels.

The drawings in “How to Use Pastels” include a wide range of subjects: still life objects, nature, animals, nudes and portraits.
All things put together, this book will be a fascinating journey that will lead you to the beautiful world of drawing/painting in pastel.
Have a nice learning experience!

Éditeur:
Sortie:
Mar 29, 2013
ISBN:
9781301301881
Format:
Livre

À propos de l'auteur

HowExpert publishes quick 'how to' guides on all topics from A to Z by everyday experts.


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CHAPTER 1

THE PASTEL - BASIC NOTIONS

ABOUT THE PASTEL

A BIT OF HISTORY

TYPES OF PASTELS

THE SURFACE

TAKE CARE OF PASTELS

ABOUT THE SUBJECT WE CHOOSE TO DRAW

A BIT OF EXERCISES

Like any other technique (oil, pencils, watercolor), we have to have the minimum notions of drawing. However, that doesn't mean that we can't learn these ourselves.

The pastel is an extraordinary form of drawing;one which, once mastered, will make your paintings and drawingsvibrate with warmth and life. On the market we can find a large range of pastels; however, there are two basic categories: coated pastels and oil pastels. From here, they ramify under different textures, forms and colors, each of them giving a compact aspect to the drawing/painting.

Pastels have been used for over 250 years. Their pigment is pure; the Arabic gum, the talc and pigments pulverized are part of their composition. They can be found in the form of a stick, a square-like form or crayon. The pastels with dry pigments have been used since ancient times.

In the16th – 17thcenturies,pastels started to be used more often. Many of the artists used the hard pastels for theirsketches on canvas. Federico Barocci (1535 – 1612 ) andClaude Mellan( 1598 – 1688) were the first artists who used pastels, in order to do complex works.Then in 1675,Rosalba Carriera was born; she was a Venice Rococo painter who became interested in pastels. She did a series of portraits of different nobles.

In the 18th century, the most important artist who did portraits in pastels was declareda man named Maurice Quentin de la Tour. After that, one after another became interested in pastels and used them. A large number of artists became addicted to this new style of painting. So, the pastel became officiallyrecognized. Of course, Edgar Degas and Edouard Manet appeared in the next centuries and took this form of art to a different level. In the big museums of the world, you can find their works.

Because pastels don't have oil in them (aside from oil pastels), the works, i.e. the drawings and/or the paintings, have a long period of durability anddon’t degrade,like those in oil on canvas. Although pastel is a very commonly-used technique in art; some people don't like to use them and choose other techniques, because of the pigments and the problems withmaking the color stay on the paper. Indeed, this is a very complicated and uncomfortable thing to do, because it makes a lot of dust from the pigment.

Most people consider the pastels more like a drawing technique; rather than a painting one. However, to draw means that not all the surface of the paper is covered, and to paint is to cover the entire surface. Painters that want portraits and quick landscapes can easily use the pastels; children tend to like them too.

Pastels don't really refer directly to the pastel nuances; but to the pigments. The name pastel comes from the French word pastiche, meaning something pure, because of the pigment’s powder. Pastels are the most long-lasting of all painting materials. The technique is very unique,because you actually do the drawing or painting with your bare hands; they are the elementthat makes the works beautiful.

Large companies began to manufacture and produce pastels, on a large scale and, in different types, quality and forms. These types of pastels are: soft, hard, oiled, rounded, square-like, pencil-like, and water-soluble pastels.

Soft pastels

The soft pastels are very common; they are usedoften and by many people.They are creamlike and soft and they blend easily on any surface. Unfortunately, they make moreof a mess, more dirt and they are more difficult to work with, if you want to use them outside, for example. Therefore you must have,either at your desk or where you use them, wet napkins. The soft pastel is used mostly in the filling of a drawing, to adding straight, fine lines or for the highlights of contour.

Oil pastels

Oil pastels are a little harder. They are oiled, but they are cleaner than and not as messy as coatedpastels.Thetechnique is the sameas in the case of others pastels; a bit more simple in some ways. They blend more easily; the effects of light are vibrant.When you look at your work, you will see the same effect as if you had painted in real oil. They are sensitive to high temperatures.Oil pastels tend to be more popular, however; they are creamier and blend with other nuances, at the same time respecting the other colors.

You have to keep in mind that coated or oiled pastels cannot be combined to obtain another color.For example: we can't obtain purple, if we combine red with blue; instead, you would only get a series of... doodles. This theory works only when you work in oil on canvas. A wide range of nuances is necessary; but for the beginners, a set of 24 pastels should be enough.

In oil, there are fewer rules; instead, when you work with pastels, we have to know exactly where to put the color wanted, because if they overlap each other the aspect of the drawing will not look very good. The nuances have to be

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