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Unwarranted Expulsion: The Removal of the Winnebago Indians

Unwarranted Expulsion: The Removal of the Winnebago Indians

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Unwarranted Expulsion: The Removal of the Winnebago Indians

Longueur:
31 pages
24 minutes
Éditeur:
Sortie:
Apr 8, 2014
ISBN:
9781310066016
Format:
Livre

Description

In February of 1863 the Winnebago Indians of southern Minnesota were exiled from beyond the state of Minnesota forever. This act of law came in the aftermath of the U.S. – Dakota Conflict of 1862. Prior to the conflict, the Winnebago Indians had been promised a permanent home. They lived peaceably and had made marked improvements upon the land as documented by Indian Agents. Despite clear evidence that the Winnebago Indians took no part in the Conflict of 1862, public sentiment exceedingly favored removal. Ultimately, the U.S. – Dakota Conflict of 1862 acted as the necessary catalyst for the people of southern Minnesota to influence legislation and provoke the unwarranted expulsion of the Winnebago Indians.

Éditeur:
Sortie:
Apr 8, 2014
ISBN:
9781310066016
Format:
Livre

À propos de l'auteur

Founded in 2019 by Minnesota Author and Historian Colin Mustful, History Through Fiction is an independent press, publishing high quality fiction that is rooted in accurate and detailed historical research. The mission of History Through Fiction is to provide readers with a compelling narrative that also acts as a valuable historical resource. Our books, though fictionalized, include important primary and secondary source materials that are disclosed to readers through a variety of traditionally nonfiction elements such as footnotes, endnotes, or a bibliography. This way, readers may enjoy a fictional narrative while also examining the historical foundation upon which that narrative is based. By combining elements of fiction and nonfiction, our authors provide readers with an immersive experience that is both entertaining and educational.

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Aperçu du livre

Unwarranted Expulsion - Colin Mustful

Unwarranted Expulsion: The Removal of the Winnebago Indians

Colin Mustful

Published by Colin Mustful at Smashwords

Copyright 2014 Colin Mustful

Table of Contents

Essay

Appendix

Bibliography

End Notes

Abstract

In February of 1863 the Winnebago Indians of southern Minnesota were exiled from beyond the state of Minnesota forever. This act of law came in the aftermath of the U.S. – Dakota Conflict of 1862. Prior to the conflict, the Winnebago Indians had been promised a permanent home. They lived peaceably and had made marked improvements upon the land as documented by Indian Agents. Despite clear evidence that the Winnebago Indians took no part in the Conflict of 1862, public sentiment exceedingly favored removal. Ultimately, the U.S. – Dakota Conflict of 1862 acted as the necessary catalyst for the people of southern Minnesota to influence legislation and provoke the unwarranted expulsion of the Winnebago Indians.

Essay - Unwarranted Expulsion

On December 26, 1862, thirty-eight Dakota Indians were hanged in Mankato, Minnesota, as a result of their involvement in U.S. – Dakota Conflict of 1862. Shortly following the hangings, in May, 1863, the entire tribe of Dakota Indians had been permanently expelled from the state of Minnesota.¹ The Dakota, however, were not the only tribe of Indians expelled from Minnesota at that time. Additionally, the Winnebago tribe of Indians was permanently forced beyond the borders of the state of Minnesota.² In the same way as the Dakota, 1,945 Winnebago were cramped onto steamboats, sent south down the Mississippi, and then north on the Missouri to their final destination at Crow Creek, South Dakota.³

To the dismay of the Winnebago, their new reservation was a deplorable and nearly uninhabitable plot of land. Crow Creek was a dry, dirty country with virtually no arable soil.⁴ The Winnebago loathed their new location and refused to accept it as their new home.⁵ In just four months after the arrival of the Dakota and Winnebago one hundred thirty seven Indians perished.⁶

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