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Mushroom Culture for Amateurs: With Full Descriptions for Successful Growth in Houses, Sheds, Cellars, and Pots, on Shelves, and Out of Doors

Mushroom Culture for Amateurs: With Full Descriptions for Successful Growth in Houses, Sheds, Cellars, and Pots, on Shelves, and Out of Doors

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Mushroom Culture for Amateurs: With Full Descriptions for Successful Growth in Houses, Sheds, Cellars, and Pots, on Shelves, and Out of Doors

Longueur:
54 pages
59 minutes
Sortie:
Mar 24, 2011
ISBN:
9781446546758
Format:
Livre

Description

Originally published in 1898, this brilliant little manual tells you everything you need to know about the mushroom cultivation. Contents Include Necessary Conditions Materials Required Preparation of Materials Making Beds Under cover Treatment of Beds Under Cover Selection pf Spawn Culture in Houses Culture in Sheds Culture in Cellars Culture in Shelves Culture out of Doors Mushroom Enemies
Sortie:
Mar 24, 2011
ISBN:
9781446546758
Format:
Livre

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Mushroom Culture for Amateurs - W. J. May

MUSHROOM CULTURE FOR

AMATEURS.

CHAPTER I.

INTRODUCTION.

THE culture of Mushrooms is a matter of some importance in most places where a staff of gardeners is kept, and even in small places it is expected that a supply shall be maintained throughout winter and early spring. Although the successful culture of this esculent fungus is as easy as that of any other crop grown for table to those who know how to carry it on, and have the necessary appliances at command, yet with those who are not so well off, failures will from time to time occur; but there is this consolation, that an observant person will see what and where the cause of failure is, and modify his future treatment accordingly. Some amateurs have an idea that any cellar however wet, or any shed however hot and dry it may be, will be a perfect structure in which to grow mushrooms, but they cannot make a greater mistake, as certain conditions must be fulfilled ere anything like success is attained.

Mushrooms do best in a moderately light, fairly ventilated place, free from any excess of moisture and yet not too dry, and so situated that the hot sun does not convert the structure into a small drying oven during the middle of the day. Mushrooms no doubt do spring up in the most unexpected and apparently unsuitable places, but it will be noticed, if the surroundings are carefully examined, that the place is not so unsuitable as it may at first sight appear. The largest natural bed of mushrooms we have seen was in an old disused stable, where they issued from every crack and crevice of the floor, which was rather badly paved with Dutch clinkers, but then the position was suitable, as the walls were quite 18in. thick, composed of rough stone masonry, and a very thick thatched roof protected the floor from the heat of the sun. If we examine the case fully, we find that the mycelium or spawn had a cool and properly moist bed in which to spread, and a steady equable temperature was maintained, while the atmosphere was moist, without being saturated with moisture. We came across the bed at the latter end of August, or early in September, so far as we can now remember, consequently such a place would have a regular temperature of about 60deg. Fahr., windows and doors being kept closed. On another occasion we found some of the large flooring tiles in a shed displaced, and on taking them up to search for the cause of their displacement, found a bunch of mushrooms of all imaginable forms, and distorted most grotesquely by the pressure.

It is no unusual thing to find mushrooms by the sides of sandy or chalky country roads, and we once found about half-a-dozen in the St. John’s Wood-road, near Lord’s Cricket Ground. These were growing in the road itself, at the base of a kerbstone, the largest mushroom being nearly expanded, and about an inch in diameter. Of course, such instances do not occur very often, but anyone who keeps a sharp look-out, now and again will have a find, one that is not very valuable perhaps, but which is none the less interesting. Practically speaking, we should far rather expect to find mushrooms on a down or high-lying pasture than on a road, but, like insects, one often finds them where

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