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The Chicago World's Fair of 1893: A Photographic Record

The Chicago World's Fair of 1893: A Photographic Record

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The Chicago World's Fair of 1893: A Photographic Record

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4/5 (16 évaluations)
Longueur:
250 pages
2 heures
Sortie:
Aug 29, 2012
ISBN:
9780486130637
Format:
Livre

Description

Originally conceived to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Columbus's discovery of America, the World's Columbian Exposition of 1893 was one of the largest (633 acres) and most influential aggregations of human talent, energy, and industry ever assembled. More than 27 million visitors entered the grounds (now Jackson Park) to marvel at the exhibits and displays housed in some 200 buildings, including those of 79 foreign governments and 38 states. Although the Fair had its share of "firsts" (original Ferris wheel, first midway, Edison's kinetoscope, etc.), its chief marvel was its architecture. It is that aspect which is emphasized in this striking photographic record.
Beginning with an overview of the fair's planning and conceptual stages, Stanley Appelbaum's well-researched text then proceeds to a fascinating discussion of the personalities, regional rivalries, and intense controversy surrounding the Beaux-Arts architecture (the "White City" style) of the fair, including its enormous impact on subsequent American architecture. The contributions of such outstanding architects and firms as R. M. Hunt; McKim, Mead and White; Frederick Law Olmsted; and Peabody and Stearns are described.
The book then becomes a building-by-building walking tour of the fair — imaginatively reconstructed with the help of 128 sharply reproduced rare contemporary photographs, printed on fine coated stock, and a concise, fact-filled text. The placid basins, ponds, and Lagoon that graced the fairgrounds lend a serene aura to these priceless views of the great buildings and sights of the fair: the Beaux-Arts glories of the Administration and Agriculture Buildings; Daniel Chester French's statue of the Republic; the Columbian Fountain by Frederick MacMonnies; the Golden Door of Louis Sullivan's Transportation Building; the Peristyle; Mary Cassatt's mural in the Woman's Building; the pure classicism of the Palace of Fine Arts (now the Museum of Science and Industry); numerous state and foreign pavilions, and of course, the Midway — the first separate amusement area at a World's Fair, and the reputed location of Little Egypt's celebrated danse du ventre.
In the concluding section, the author touches on other memorable aspects of the fair and its times: the Panic of 1893; the Pullman Strike; famous visitors (Archduke Ferdinand, the Spanish Infanta, etc.); cultural and social congresses, and finally, the disastrous fires that ultimately destroyed many of the buildings. For social and cultural historians, Chicagoans, and anyone interested in the special magic of a world's fair, this book is a loving and nostalgic look back — to a time bathed in the golden light of the fin-de-siècle years, when a colossal spectacle of human achievement in art, science, and industry captured the world's attention for one magic and unforgettable moment.
Sortie:
Aug 29, 2012
ISBN:
9780486130637
Format:
Livre

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The Chicago World's Fair of 1893 - Dover Publications

DOVER BOOKS ON AMERICANA

BOOK OF OLD-TIME TRADES AND TOOLS, Anonymous. (0-486-44342-6)

THE TOOLS THAT BUILT AMERICA, Alex W. Bealer. (0-486-43753-1)

THE CIVIL WAR: A BOOK OF QUOTATIONS, Edited by Bob Blaisdell. (0-486-43413-3)

BOY SCOUTS HANDBOOK: THE FIRST EDITION, 1911, The Boy Scouts of America. (0-486-43991-7)

OF PLYMOUTH PLANTATION, William Bradford. (0-486-45260-3)

OLD-TIME FARM AND GARDEN DEVICES AND How TO MAKE THEM, Rolfe Cobleigh. (0-486-44400-7)

ARMS AND EQUIPMENT OF THE CIVIL WAR, Jack Coggins. (0-486-43395-1)

LOST GOLD AND SILVER MINES OF THE SOUTHWEST, Eugene L. Conrotto. (0-486-29275-4)

CHILD LIFE IN COLONIAL TIMES, Alice Morse Earle. (0-486-47191-8)

AMERICAN SILVERSMITHS AND THEIR MARKS: THE DEFINITIVE (1948) EDITION, Stephen G. C. Ensko. (0-486-24428-8)

TURN-OF-THE-CENTURY FARM TOOLS AND IMPLEMENTS, Peter Henderson & Co. (0-486-42114-7)

UNIFORMS OF THE CIVIL WAR, Francis A. Lord. Illustrations selected by Arthur M. Wise. (0-486-45420-7)

CIVIL WAR COLLECTOR’S ENCYCLOPEDIA: ARMS, UNIFORMS AND EQUIPMENT OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERACY, Francis A. Lord. (0-486-43660-8)

THE PRAIRIE TRAVELER: THE 1859 HANDBOOK FOR WESTBOUND PIONEERS, Randolph B. Marcy. (0-486-45150-X)

FAMOUS GUNFIGHTERS OF THE WESTERN FRONTIER: WYATT EARP, Doc HOLLIDAY, LUKE SHORT AND OTHERS, W. B. (Bat) Masterson. (0-486-47014-8)

AMERICAN SILVER, John Marshall Phillips. (0-486-41817-0)

PRESIDENTIAL WIT AND WISDOM: MEMORABLE QUOTES FROM GEORGE WASHINGTON TO BARACK OBAMA, Edited by Joslyn Pine. (0-486-47153-5)

HISTORY OF THE CIVIL WAR, 1861-1865, James Ford Rhodes. (0-486-40900-7)

GUNS ON THE EARLY FRONTIERS : FROM COLONIAL TIMES TO THE YEARS OF THE WESTERN FUR TRADE, Carl P. Russell. (0-486-43681-0)

THE CAPTURE OF ATLANTA AND THE MARCH TO THE SEA: FROM SHERMAN’S MEMOIRS, General William T. Sherman. (0-486-45477-0)

RETURN TO TAOS: ERIC SLOANE’S SKETCHBOOK OF ROADSIDE AMERICANA, Eric Sloane. (0-486-44773-1)

ONCE UPON A TIME: THE WAY AMERICA WAS, Eric Sloane. (0-486-44411-2)

A REVERENCE FOR WOOD, Eric Sloane. (0-486-43394-3)

RECOLLECTIONS IN BLACK AND WHITE, Eric Sloane. (0-486-44797-9)

THE SEASONS OF AMERICA PAST, Eric Sloane. (0-486-44220-9)

THE LITTLE RED SCHOOLHOUSE, Eric Sloane. (0-486-45604-8)

AMERICAN YESTERDAY, Eric Sloane. (0-486-42760-9)

DO’S AND DON’TS OF YESTERYEAR: A TREASURY OF EARLY AMERICAN FOLK WISDOM, Eric Sloane. (0-486-45594-7)

THE CRACKER BARREL, Eric Sloane. (0-486-44101-6)

A MUSEUM OF EARLY AMERICAN TOOLS, Eric Sloane. (0-486-46303-6)

FOR SPACIOUS SKIES: A SKETCHBOOK OF AMERICAN WEATHER, Eric Sloane. (0-486-45097-X)

A CELEBRATION OF BELLS, Eric Sloane and Eric Hatch. (0-486-46826-7)

DOMESTIC MANNERS OF THE AMERICANS, Frances Trollope. (0-486-43139-8)

THE COWBOY AT WORK, Fay E. Ward. (0-486-42699-8)

THE COLONIAL PRINTER, Lawrence C. Wroth. (0-486-28294-5)

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To Bill Engle,

who admires Nikola Tesla

Frontispiece: A corner pavilion of the Agricultural Building.

Copyright

Copyright © 1980 by Dover Publications, Inc.

All rights reserved.

Bibliographical Note

The Chicago World’s Fair of 1893: A Photographic Record is a new work, first published by Dover Publications, Inc., in 1980.

Book design by Carol Belanger Grafton

International Standard Book Number

9780486130637

Manufactured in the United States by Courier Corporation

23990X20

www.doverpublications.com

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Thanks are due first and foremost to Dr. Adolf K. Placzek, Avery Librarian at Columbia University, who suggested this book to Dover Publications and made it possible for Dover to photograph directly the 40-odd original platinum-print photographs of the Exposition in the Avery collection.

It is no mere phrase-making when I speak gratefully of the courtesy and helpfulness of Larry A. Viskochil, Curator of the Graphics Collection of the Chicago Historical Society, his assistants Marcia Sommerfeld and Jane Stevens, and all the other staff members with whom it was my pleasure to deal. Nearly 60 of the pictures herein were provided by the Society.

Hayward Cirker, President of Dover, encouraged the project from outset to completion. My editor, James Spero, improved the text in numerous constructive ways.

Michelle Weiss typed the manuscript.

Naturally, any errors are my own and, while fully acknowledging the use I have made of the works listed in the Bibliography, I alone remain responsible for any nuances of opinion that lurk in this basically factual text.

S. A.

NOTE: In October 1979, while the present volume was being set in type, an important exhibition called The American Renaissance, 1876-1917 opened at The Brooklyn Museum in honor of the centenary of the firm of McKim, Mead and White. Included were original works by numerous artists who were associated with the World’s Columbian Exposition. The well-documented catalogue (same title as the exhibition; published by the Museum; with texts by Michael Botwinick, Richard Guy Wilson, Dianne H. Pilgrim and Richard N. Murray) contains the best single statement to date of the ideals and esthetic principles that actuated the artists of this era, with illuminating examples from every branch of the fine and decorative arts. In the terminology of the Brooklyn publication, the architectural epoch inaugurated by the Boston Public Library is the high or mature period of the American Renaissance.

Another pertinent publication appeared while the present book was being prepared for the press: Reid Badger’s The Great American Fair: The World’s Columbian Exposition & American Culture (Nelson-Hall Publishers, Chicago, 1979). After a brief discussion of the rationale behind Victorian-era world’s fairs in general, the heart of the book deals with the preparations for the 1893 fair—the intercity rivalry, organization, financing, promotion and the like—and provides the longest discussion of these matters currently available.

DOVER ARCHITECTURAL SERIES

Adolf K. Placzek

General Editor

PICTURE SOURCES

Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, Columbia University in the City of New York (photographs by Charles Dudley Arnold): frontispiece and Figs. 3, 4, 5, 6, 11, 13, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 34, 36, 37, 39, 40, 50, 52, 54, 55, 56, 57, 59, 66, 71, 72, 87, 88, 89, 91, 93, 94, 100, 101, 107, 108, 109, 119, 128.

Chicago Historical Society (photographs from the World’s Columbian Exposition, 1893 files): Figs. 1 (halftone; The Pavilion, Lake Front Pavement. J. P. Craig, Pub.; T14/1888), 2, 7, 8, 12, 14 (172. Model for Administration Bldg. Jany. 21, 1892), 23, 24, 25, 26, 31 (2L. Pediment of Agricultural Building. Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 33, 35, 38 (Arch of the Colonnade. Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 41, 42 (stereograph; Cross Sectional view of Machinery Building, World’s Columbian Exposition. Copyright 1894, by B. W. Kilburn), 44 (Harrison, Chicago), 46, 47, 49, 51, 53, 60, 61 (Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 63 (Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 65, 69 (Harrison, Chicago), 70, 73, 74 (Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 75 (Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 78 (facsimile typogravure), 79 (Harrison, Central Music Hall, Chicago), 81 (Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 82, 83 (Cafe de Marine. Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 85 (South Entrance Fisheries Building. Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 90, 98 (Turkish Building. Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 99 (Harrison, Central Music Hall, Chicago), 102, 103 (French Government Building. Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 104 (Kaufman & Fabry Co., Photographers), 105, 106 (Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 110 (Harrison, Chicago), 111, 112 (33. Wisconsin State Building. Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 114 (The Ste. Maria. Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 115 (Harrison, Central Music Hall, Chicago), 116 (Forestry Building. Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 117 (Harrison, Central Music Hall, Chicago; Ryerson Collection), 120 (101. Blarney Castle on the Midway. Copyrighted 1893 by C. D. Arnold), 121, 123 (stereograph), 124 (Old Vienna, on the Midway. Copyrighted by C. D. Arnold), 126, 127.

The map on pages viii and ix is reproduced from The Century World’s Fair Book (see Bibliography, item 16). Figure 17 is from Revista de la Exposicion (Bibliography, item 12). Figure 77 is from Art and Handicraft in the Woman’s Building (Bibliography, item 10). Figure 118 is from Das Columbische Weltausstellungs-Album (Bibliography, item 9).

Official Views of the World’s Columbian Exposition (Bibliography, item 1) is the source of Figures 9, 10, 21, 22, 43, 45, 48, 58, 62, 64, 67, 68, 76, 80, 84, 86, 92, 95, 96, 97, 113, 121, 125.

Table of Contents

DOVER BOOKS ON AMERICANA

Title Page

Dedication

Copyright Page

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

DOVER ARCHITECTURAL SERIES

PICTURE SOURCES

1 - FROM CONCEPTION TO OPENING DAY

2 - THE ARCHITECTURAL PROGRAM

3 - THE COURT OF HONOR AND ITS BUILDINGS

4 - THE BUILDINGS ON THE LAGOON

5 - NORTH POND; SOUTH POND; MIDWAY PLAISANCE

6 - FROM OPENING TO CLOSING DAY, AND BEYOND

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

1

FROM CONCEPTION TO OPENING DAY

Chicago fought hard for the right to host the World’s Columbian Exposition, and worked hard to deserve its award. Once the fair looked like a reality, publicity writers attempted to trace to its ultimate source the original idea of holding a large exposition to commemorate the four-hundredth

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