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Drawing and Illustration: A Complete Guide

Drawing and Illustration: A Complete Guide

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Drawing and Illustration: A Complete Guide

évaluations:
5/5 (4 évaluations)
Longueur:
461 pages
2 heures
Sortie:
May 11, 2012
ISBN:
9780486132624
Format:
Livre

Description

Utilizing as few words as possible, but presenting a tremendous variety and volume of illustrations, this all-in-one guide details the fundamentals of drawing in its various phases and fields. In the opening pages, the author points out the first step on the road to creative achievement: artists must learn how to see people and things in terms of pictures, then master the techniques needed to express themselves on paper.
Geared to newcomers and yet still beneficial for more experienced artists, Moranz’s illuminating advice covers everything from nude and draped figures to the art of portraits and sketching animals. He covers the effective use of various mediums, including pencil, charcoal, pen, and wash. Plus, he offers helpful tips on developing a sixth sense about perspective, the basics of composition, reflecting light and shadow, and more. There's even a chapter on taking drawing one step further — from a pleasurable hobby to a successful commercial venture.
Sortie:
May 11, 2012
ISBN:
9780486132624
Format:
Livre

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Meilleures citations

  • Success in art cannot be gained easily, but it is no more difficult to at- tain proficiency in drawing than to become expert in any other field.

  • The resulting growth of your creative imagination will enable you to develop your own style and give expression to your expanding personality.

  • By adding a few lines following the direction in which the hair grows, you will establish the whole effect.

  • From infancy to old age the face develops lines of character.

Aperçu du livre

Drawing and Illustration - John Moranz

208.)

PART ONE

HEADS AND PORTRAITS

HEADS

HEAD and facial characteristics are of prime importance to the artist. Of the five senses, four center in the head. Your thoughts, your every act and feeling affect your facial expression. To become proficient in drawing the head and face, however, is not inordinately difficult. Almost everyone has, at some time, drawn an oval, placed the eyes, nose and mouth inside, added the ears and the hair line—and then wondered what had been left out!

In order to draw the head you must be able to capture the expression, you must be able to give sharp definition to each of the features of the face, but primarily you must know where these features fit into the face! We shall have a look at the eyes, the nose, the mouth and the ears separately, but let’s not get ahead of the story.

We know that through our facial expressions we show our inner feelings. The face is in a continual process of changing expressions, but nearly every individual has some particular facial expression by which he can be identified. There are very few principles to guide the artist in putting expression into the faces he draws. We can, however, divide the head into three terminal expression zones: first, the area of the mouth and jaw; second, the nose and cheeks; third, the eyes and brow.

The artist can best study expression by examining his own face and observing the faces of his friends. Stand before a mirror and express various emotions. Notice when smiling how the mouth opens and the lips curve up at the corners. The face is broadened as the cheeks move up and form a deeper pouch beneath the eyes. The eyes are generally narrowed. A frown, on the contrary, will bring the eyebrows closer together and wrinkle the brow. The mouth is usually more compressed and the lips will appear thinner. The outline of the nostrils is more sharply defined.

Whenever the face expresses emotion some change occurs in each of the expression zones. Handling expressions delicately will lend subtlety to your drawing. Overemphasis on any particular part of the face may destroy the effect. Any change in one expression zone will have a direct bearing on another.

From infancy to old age the face develops lines of character. Note particularly the wrinkles about the eyes, furrows of the brow and the lines extending from the nostrils downward. Developing these lines of character adds individuality to a face.

Drawing the hair is often a stumbling block. A common mistake is to spend too much time and put too much detail into the drawing of the hair. It should be drawn in its simplest masses. By adding a few lines following the direction in which the hair grows, you will establish the whole effect.

There are no two faces exactly alike. Approach every face you draw as a new adventure, but remember that all faces have this in common: no face can be right without proper construction. The two sides of the face must balance, and proper relationship must be maintained between the features and the shape of the head on which they are placed. Watch particularly the space between the eyes, the placement of the ears and nose, the location of the mouth and the hairline framing the face.

There are several methods or devices which you will need to use while you are training your eye and hand. These methods are no more than props on which you can lean while you are learning to draw, but you have every right and every reason to use these props or devices. One of these devices will help you greatly in handling the primary problem of proportion. So let’s begin our study of heads by quickly and simply tackling this problem. The block method is the most universal approach to proportion.

THE BLOCK METHOD

When viewed from the front or back, the average adult human head measures approximately six inches wide and eight inches from the chin to the top of the head. A block, six inches wide and eight inches high, will give you the framework. Within this framework guide lines will be drawn to give you the correct proportions of the face. The four illustrations on the following page will show you how to proceed.

In the first figure, four guide lines have been drawn. Down the center is a vertical line. Three horizontal lines are drawn across the block. The first is about midway between the top and the bottom of the block. The second horizontal line divides the lower part of the block in half. The third horizontal line is drawn three-fourths the distance down from the center horizontal line or one-eighth of the total block from top to

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