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Pourquoi la Polygamie et le Divorce en Islam?

Pourquoi la Polygamie et le Divorce en Islam?

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Pourquoi la Polygamie et le Divorce en Islam?

évaluations:
5/5 (2 évaluations)
Longueur:
62 pages
54 minutes
Sortie:
16 mars 2014
ISBN:
9781310360329
Format:
Livre

Description

Pourquoi la polygamie et le divorce en islam?
Allah nous a créés homme et femme afin que nous puissions réfléchir sur le bonheur qui émane de notre vie de couple sans réflexion, il nous sera difficile de découvrir la saveur du bonheur et même, nous serons plus assujettis à nos passions et à nos instincts.
Nous serons par conséquent une proie facile pour les guides égarés.
La réflexion (raison) est le symbole humain (on est Homme qu’à l’usage de sa raison) et l’Islâm, religion divine dans toute sa pureté, appelle intensément à la réflexion et à la médiation.
Celui qui suit avidement un prédicateur passionné, qui n’a ni lumière ni guidance et ne possède non plus un livre éclairant; en laissant sa raison se corrompre par des discours erronés, façonnés et contraires aux versets coraniques, à la générosité divine et à l’humanisme. Sous influence des Ignorants, celui – ci formera une famille conflictuelle et une descendance faible, attristée et dépourvue de son bonheur naturel...il fixera ainsi les jalons d’une société démunie, misérable et, maladive. Société qui, sera très enclin à terrifier et éconduire les observateurs dans leur appréhen-sion de l’islam ; religion qui selon eux serait tributaire d’une mentalité honteuse et peu recommandable.
Nonobstant, le constat est clair... la lumière est apparente, la vérité est mise au grand jour et la voie de la rectitude est conne par tout homme qui désir être guidé et veut le bonheur. Il n’y a plus d’argument à prendre de l’orient ou de l’occident après que la générosité et la sagesse di-vines aient éclaire les concepts de polygamie et de divorce telle que expliqués par l’érudit humaniste Mohammad Amin Sheikho dans son livre intitulé:
«Pourquoi la polygamie et le divorce en islam»

Sortie:
16 mars 2014
ISBN:
9781310360329
Format:
Livre

À propos de l'auteur

Mohammad Amin Sheikho (1890-1964 A.D / 1308-1384 A.H)Early YearsM. Amin Sheikho was born in al-Ward district in Sarouja Quarter, one of the historical districts of Damascus, in Syria which was called mini-Istanbul during the period of the Ottoman rule. He was raised in an Arab style house situated opposite the famous public al-Ward Bathhouse. This house stands there to the present day.M. Amin Sheikho was still young when his father, the merchant Ismael Sheikho, departed this world. Mohammad Saleem, the only and elder brother of Mohammad Amin, was assigned as a director of the Military School during the Ottoman rule.EducationAt the age of twelve the boy who was to become the great scholar was enrolled at al-Rashidiya School, he then went on to complete his studies in Amber, the Royal Ottoman Faculty in Damascus. He received many certificates of praise and commendation during the Ottoman rule and then under the reign of King Faisal in Syria. There are many copies of these certificates still preserved in trustworthy hands.AchievementsDuring the period of the Turkish rule, he was head of many police-stations in Damascus and its dependent counties. He was a shining example to all for his unfailing attention to duty, the vitality with which he approached every task, and the high level of achievement in many varied deeds which were of great benefit to mankind.During the French mandate he was appointed a director of the prisons of the citadel of Damascus.When the great Syrian uprising took place against the French forces, he helped the revolutionaries in every conceivable way until they placed the seal of the revolution in his trustworthy hands. Due to his subversive activities he fell foul of the French governor of Syria resulting in an order being issued for his execution; but the Almighty God saved him. During this period he was compliant in many attempts to overthrow French rule.He was the companion of Sheikh Amin Kuftaro for almost twenty years and following his death M. Amin Sheikho followed his footsteps and became the next in succession to guide and teach the disciples of the eminent sheikh.His assemblies were distinguished by the profound level of wisdom with which he imparted his teaching and guidance.He took great care to draw the attention of his followers to beware of the tales of the Israelites which defame the biography of the noble persons, the Envoys of God (pth), and of anything ascribed to them which conflicts their perfection and impeccability.In 1953, the famous coeval philosopher, Sir John Godolphin Bennett came from Britain to visit him. He remained in his company for three weeks that were filled with lengthy dialogues about the religion of Islam and its actuality.Sir John asked M. Amin Sheikho many questions about the exact definition of the ‘spirit’ and the difference between that and the ‘soul’, as well as asking for clarification about Godly Justice, a topic which he found difficult to comprehend. As a result of this visit, Sir John practised Islamic legislation and performed the prayers along with the followers of the scholar.This visit was referred to briefly in the autobiography of Sir John Bennett in his book Witness; but after his death, a book containing special personal recollections written by Sir John was published in 1975 under the title Journeys in Islamic Countries, wherein he spoke in detail about this meeting. In this book he gave a detailed account of the personality and character of M. Amin Sheikho, and of his lectures and disciples. He also mentioned the great benefits he had derived from his life-changing meeting with him.During his lectures M. Amin Mohammad Amin Sheikho pointed frequently to the belief in the return of Jesus Christ (pth), from the Islamic perspective. He also indicated the near advent of this significant world event as, according to his explanations, most of the conditions for this momentous Hour had been fulfilled.This was disclosed in his book: The Envoy of Peace Looms on the Horizon: the Return of Jesus Christ.In referring to his meeting with M. Amin Sheikho, Sir John made mention of this issue in his two books: Witness and Journeys in Islamic Countries.Professor Abdul-Kadir John, alias al-Dayrani, published the book Stories of M. Amin Sheikho wherein he writes in detail about many deeds performed by his teacher, Mohammad Amin Sheikho.One of His PupilsProfessor Abdul-Kadir John, alias al-Dayrani is the best known and most distinguished among the pupils of M. Amin Sheikho. He received a certificate of General Education (a Syrian certificate which included the study of nine different sciences). Prof. al-Dayrani collected and verified more than fifty books which were dictated by M. Amin Sheikho and written on his behalf. Therefore his name is always mentioned in association with the name of Mohammad Amin Sheikho.PublicationsM. Amin Sheikho dictated to his pupils many books about Islam in the Arabic language, some of which have been translated into English and French. The following are just some of these:1- Interpretation of the Great Qur’an (Lights of Descending & Realities of Meaning)2- Interpretation of Am’ma Section of the Qur’an3- Impeccability of Prophets4- Am’ma Encyclopedia (The Compassionate’s Gifts in Interpreting the Qur’an)5- Al-Amin Interpretation of the Great Qur’an (The Previous Nations)6- Visiting the Prophet (cpth) and the Effect of His Love in Elevating the Believing Spirit7- High Grades of Al-Taqwa (Seeing by Al’lah’s Light)—The Jewels of Rules in Explaining the Pillars of Islam8- The Sources of Spring Water in the World9- The Reality of Our Master Mohammad (cpth) Appearing in the Twentieth Century10- Proclaiming God’s Love (The Scientific and Qur’anic Motivations for Halal Slaughter)11- Islam... What is the Veil for? What is Divorce for? What is Polygamy for?12- The West has Liberated Man from Slavery—Did Islam not do the same?13- The Great Scientific Discovery—the Astonishing Reality of the Six Days and the Seven Heavens14- The Amazing Miracle of the Fundamental Verses of the Book in the Twenty-first Century15- Cupping: the Marvelous Medicine that Cures Heart Disease, Paralysis, Haemophilia, Migraine, Sterility and Cancer—A Prophetic Medical Science in its New Perspective16- The Reality of Tamerlane the Great Appears in the Twenty-first Century17- The Envoy of Peace Looms on the Horizon: The Return of Jesus Christ18- Secrets of the Seven Praising Verses19- Goodbye to the Doctor of al-Muqawqis (Cyrus, Patriarch of Alexandria)Radio and TV Programmes- Illuminative Speculations: al-Quds Radio Station broadcasting from Syria- Lights for Humankind: the Lebanese Radio Station al-Tawheed- Cupping, an Arabic Discovery Spreads All over the World and Cupping, a Prophetic Medical Science in Its New Scientific Perspective: Two documentary films which have been broadcast on many world satellite stations such as Iqraa TV, Sharjah, Bahrain, Abu Dhabi and others- Proclaiming God’s Love (The Scientific and Qur’anic Motivations for Halal Slaughter): A documentary film that has been broadcast on Iqraa TV, and satellite stations in Al-Sharjah, Bahrain, Abu Dhabi and others- The Descent of the Prophets: A computer programmeA Glimpse of his distinguished thoughts and viewsHe disclosed the true meaning of the letters (acronyms) that are reported at the beginning of the Fortresses of the Holy Qur’an, which was not understood by previous Muslim scholars and said that, “Al’lah knows best His Purpose behind them.”He disproved the stories which are ascribed wrongly to the noble Envoy Mohammad (cpth), such as the story of his being affected by the action of magic, the story of cutting his noble chest (cpth), and all that would put him (cpth) in the wrong.He elucidated that the noble Prophets are impeccable in all of their words, actions and deeds.- He was the first in the world to reveal the source of fresh spring and river water, which is the ice of the North and South Poles.- He gave an exact definition of the ‘human spirit’ and clarified the difference between that and the ‘soul’.- He differentiated between the ‘mind’ and ‘thought’.- He talked about al-Azal world, the very beginning of creation in the world of immaterial spirits, and demonstrated the Godly Justice in that world and the reason for the coming of mankind to this world.- He elucidated the wisdom in turning towards al-ka’ba when communicating with God (praying); he explained the reason for fasting and the meaning of the Night of al-Qadr (Evaluation) and how to attain it.- He interpreted from the noble Qur’an how to derive the proportion of Zakat (almsgiving), and determined it as 2.5%.- He revealed the wisdom folded in each ritual of the rites of pilgrimage.- He clarified the benefits of the medical Prophetic commandments about using an enema of amylum suspension, medicinal castor oil, and the application of leeches for medical purposes.- He called attention to certain eminent personalities who had been wronged by history. Specifically he spoke of Tamerlane the famous conqueror who is known to be a blood-thirsty warrior conqueror in the Middle East, while Asian peoples revere him and regard him as a holy man who had spread the religion of Islam in their countries. In this respect, a book was issued by M. Amin Sheikho under the title: The Reality of Tamerlane the Great.Mohammad Amin Sheikho and CuppingThe name of Mohammad Amin Sheikho is always referred to whenever ‘cupping’ is mentioned, for it is he who disclosed its correct rules. Following the death of M. Amin Sheikho his pupil, Prof. Abdul-Kadir al-Dayrani undertook scientific research about this operation with the participation of a large medical team composed of many professors and doctors specialised in various medical ailments. When the results of the analysis of the blood extracted by the cupping operation were declared and many patients were healed completely after being cupped, the procedure soon spread widely and had a wide following in many societies. The results were published in many magazines and journals, and as a result, many medical people began to apply the procedure according to the exact and correct conditions that had been laid down.Mohammad Amin Sheikho and the reason for Mentioning the Name of Al’lah over a CarcassHe emphasised the necessity of mentioning Al’lah’s Name aloud over animals as they are being slaughtered, for when they hear Al’lah’s Name their meat becomes pure and free of any microbes.Prof. al-Dayrani also subjected the ideas of his teacher, M. Amin Sheikho, in this field, to a scientific study. A great number of doctors and university professors carried out scientific research, the like of which had never been attempted before. They took many samples of the meat of cattle, some of which were slaughtered while mentioning Al’lah’s Name aloud over them, while others were slaughtered without the benefit of this blessing. A comparative analysis of the outcome was then carried out. The results of this study were also published in a book issued on behalf of M. Amin Sheikho, entitled, Proclaiming God’s Love (The Scientific and Qur’anic Motivations for Halal Slaughter.Mrs. Salma Estwani, the BBC correspondent in Syria at that time, announced the scientific results of this study and interviewed the doctors and researchers who carried it out.Also, after revealing these results, many signboards were posted in Damascus streets on which it was written, ‘How terrible! Is it true that we Syrians eat microbes through our food?’ And on the front of the citadel of Damascus, a large sign was displayed on which was printed: ‘The Great Syrian Humane Scholar Mohammad Amin Sheikho.’


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Aperçu du livre

Pourquoi la Polygamie et le Divorce en Islam? - Mohammad Amin Sheikho

Introduction:

Vue de l’occident, la polygamie telle qu’elle est pratiquée en islam est un acte systématiquement opposé aux droits et à l’émancipation de la femme. Cette forme d’union à partenaires multiples réduit l’agent féminine au rang d’esclaves, astreintes à une multitude d’obligations, obligation de garder le foyer conjugal, obligation de faire des enfants autant que le souhaite le conjoint, obligation de se mettre entièrement au service du mari et surtout obligation de satisfaire ses désirs sexuels.

Le droit exclusif réservé aux musulmans de contracter plusieurs unions et de vivre en même temps avec plusieurs épouses est perçu par les occidentaux comme une aberration, une maladresse, bref quelque chose de détestable. Ils soutiennent, à grand renfort « d’arguments » que la polygamie est un obstacle évident à l’épanouissement de la femme. Le sujet revient de façon récurrente dans les médias et toujours raisonnent les mêmes critiques contre l’islam, une religion aux pratiques rétrogrades, une religion qui nage encore dans les ténèbres de l’ignorance ce qui vaut aux nations musulmanes d’être mal classées sur la listes des « peuples civilisés», respectueux des droits de l’homme et des valeurs humaines.

L’entretien proposé dans le présent ouvrage met aux prises l’Eminent Cheick Mohammad Amin Sheikho, descendant du Prophète Mohammad (Pbsl), un érudit syrien dont la réputation traverse les frontières de la Syrie et même du golfe arabo persique et un chercheur et diplomate anglais pourvu d’idées reçues, Sir Bennett, un citoyen anglais qui fut pendant de nombreuses années conseiller de l’émir de l’empire ottoman en Syrie. S’il connait l’orient, il ne retient de l’islam que l’image qu’on s’en fait en occident…

Ce livre est la quintessence d’un duel pacifique, qui apporte une lumière rayonnante sur les questions épineuses de la polygamie et du divorce en islam. Il a été mis en forme par le Prof. A. K John Al-Dayrani, témoin de ce dialogue enrichissant dont-il a tenu à faire partager au public musulman et non musulman les leçons qui s’en dégagent.

N.B. (Pbsl) signifie: paix et bénédiction sur lui.

Dr Ibrahim Moubarak Mb.

Coordinateur national de

l’Union Islamique du Cameroun

Pourquoi l’islam permet la polygamie?

- L’orientaliste: Loin d’être un fait banal, le mariage en occident est un acte sacré par lequel les époux, unis devant Dieu et devant les hommes s’engagent à s’aimer et à rester fidèles l’un vis-à-vis de l’autre. Parce qu’ils se doivent fidélité, le mari ne peut contracter une autre union. Ce qui n’est pas le cas en islam où les hommes sont autorisés à prendre jusqu’à quatre femmes qu’ils gèrent à leur guise très souvent sans la moindre considération pour leur droit. Cher érudit qu’est ce que vous dites à la suite de ce constat?

- L’érudit: vous auriez peut-être raison si le mariage était simplement une affaire de passion, si son but se réduisait à l’assouvissement des désirs sexuels. Le mariage a aussi un objectif social et humanitaire.

- L’orientaliste: qu’entendez-vous par « objectif humanitaire »? Croyez-vous que l’humanisme est la proie d’une seule nation?

- L’érudit: Le mariage est le lieu où se construit la famille, c’est le cadre idéal où celle-ci peut être préservée. Sa construction et sa préservation ne sont pas possible sans l’amour et l’altruisme. Dans le mariage, le côté humain doit prévaloir. Il doit être perceptible dans l’éducation des enfants, la protection des veuves qui peuvent avoir perdu leurs maris à la suite d’une guerre, la protection des veuves des martyrs qui peuvent avoir sacrifié leur vie à l’autel de l’honneur de la patrie. Ces martyrs méritent-ils que leurs épouses soient abandonnées, qu’elles soient privées d’une vie conjugale tout le restant de leur vie? Méritent-ils que leurs enfants vivent sans soins et sans protection?

- L’orientaliste En Europe, les familles des martyrs ont droit aux allocations qui leur permettent de subvenir à leurs besoins divers.

- L’érudit Vous avez les allocations d’accord mais suffisent-elles à rendre une épouse heureuse? A assurer aux enfants une bonne éducation? Plus concrètement est ce que l’argent seul peut compenser l’absence d’un mari?

- L’orientaliste: Nous ne pouvons dans nos sociétés pratiquer la polygamie. Elle y est strictement interdite. Toutefois vos explications me font prendre d’avantage conscience de la douleur qu’éprouvent les épouses des martyrs et leurs enfants. Je m’aperçois en effet que la société occidentale ne prend pas en compte l’aspect immatériel des problèmes auxquels les veuves et des orphelins peuvent être confrontés. Or en considérant ces aspects, on ne peut nier le fait qu’ils sont marginalisés. Au sujet des moyens de réconfort, que prévoit exactement la loi dans votre religion?

- L’érudit Dans un lointain passé, nous étions comme vous mais

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