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Aphasia, (Difficulty Understanding) A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions

Aphasia, (Difficulty Understanding) A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions

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Aphasia, (Difficulty Understanding) A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions

Longueur:
115 pages
2 heures
Éditeur:
Sortie:
Mar 10, 2017
ISBN:
9781370735143
Format:
Livre

Description

Aphasia is a medical neurological disorder caused by injury to the parts of the brain that are accountable for language production or processing.
For most people, these regions are on the left side of the brain.
It may happen suddenly or progressively dependent on the form and site of brain tissue affected.
Aphasia normally happens suddenly, often after a stroke or head injury, but it may also form slowly, as the effect of a brain tumor or a progressive neurological disease.
The disorder reduces the expression and understanding of language as well as reading and writing.
Aphasia may co-exist with speech disorders, such as dysarthria or apraxia of speech, which also occur from brain injury.
Primary features of the disorder are:
1. Difficulty in articulating oneself when speaking,
2. Difficulty comprehending speech, and
3. Difficulty with reading and writing.
Aphasia is not a sickness but a symptom of brain injury.
Even though it is mainly seen in patients who have suffered a stroke, aphasia can also occur from a brain tumor, infection, inflammation, head injury or dementia that involve language-linked regions of the brain.
The form and seriousness of language dysfunction is dependent on the exact site and spread of the injured brain tissue.
Aphasia is a problem with communication.
Normally, aphasia can be categorized into four broad groups:
1. Expressive aphasia (also called Broca's aphasia) affects difficulty in passing on thoughts through speech or writing.
The person knows what she/he wants to say, but cannot find the words he needs.
2. Receptive aphasia (Wernicke's aphasia) affects difficulty comprehending spoken or written language.
The patient hears the voice or sees the print but cannot make sense of the words.
3. Global aphasia results from severe and extensive damage to the language areas of the brain.
People lose almost all language function, both comprehension and expression.
They cannot speak or understand speech, nor can they read or write.
4. Patients with anomic or amnesia aphasia, the least serious form of aphasia, have difficulty in using the correct names for special objects, people, places, or events.
There are many different types of aphasia; no two people have the same experience.
The doctor also normally tests the person’s capability to comprehend and produce language, such as following commands, answering questions, naming objects, and carrying on a conversation
Most patients will go through a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan to find out the presence of a brain injury and to recognize its exact site.
Speech-language treatment is used to help patients reclaim their ability to communicate.
Aphasia treatment focuses to get better a person’s capability to communicate by assisting him or her to use residual language abilities, recover language abilities as much as possible, and learn other ways of communicating, such as gestures, pictures, or use of electronic devices.
Medical treatment of aphasia is regarded experimental; dopaminergic, cholinergic, and stimulant drugs have been tried, but no clear advantage has been proven in large trials
SSRI antidepressants have been revealed to assist the emotional and behavioral problems.
Some trials suggest advantage from transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with aphasia.

TABLE OF CONTENT
Introduction
Chapter 1 Aphasia
Chapter 2 Causes
Chapter 3 Symptoms
Chapter 4 Diagnosis
Chapter 5 Treatment
Chapter 6 Prognosis
Chapter 7 Stroke
Chapter 8 Dyslexia
Epilogue

Éditeur:
Sortie:
Mar 10, 2017
ISBN:
9781370735143
Format:
Livre

À propos de l'auteur

Medical doctor since 1972.Started Kee Clinic in 1974 at 15 Holland Dr #03-102, relocated to 36 Holland Dr #01-10 in 2009.Did my M.Sc (Health Management ) in 1991 and Ph.D (Healthcare Administration) in 1993.Dr Kenneth Kee is still working as a family doctor at the age of 70.However he has reduced his consultation hours to 3 hours in the morning and 2 hours inthe afternoon.He first started writing free blogs on medical disorders seen in the clinic in 2007 on http://kennethkee.blogspot.com.His purpose in writing these simple guides was for the health education of his patients which is also his dissertation for his Ph.D (Healthcare Administration). He then wrote an autobiography account of his journey as a medical student to family doctor on his other blog http://afamilydoctorstale.blogspot.comThis autobiography account “A Family Doctor’s Tale” was combined with his early “A Simple Guide to Medical Disorders” into a new Wordpress Blog “A Family Doctor’s Tale” on http://ken-med.com.From which many free articles from the blog was taken and put together into 1000 eBooks.He apologized for typos and spelling mistakes in his earlier books.He will endeavor to improve the writing in futures.Some people have complained that the simple guides are too simple.For their information they are made simple in order to educate the patients.The later books go into more details of medical disorders.He has published 1000 eBooks on various subjects on health, 1 autobiography of his medical journey, another on the autobiography of a Cancer survivor, 2 children stories and one how to study for his nephew and grand-daughter.The purpose of these simple guides is to educate patient on health disorders and not meant as textbooks.He does not do any night duty since 2000 ever since Dr Tan had his second stroke.His clinic is now relocated to the Buona Vista Community Centre.The 2 units of his original clinic are being demolished to make way for a new Shopping Mall.He is now doing some blogging and internet surfing (bulletin boards since the 1980's) startingwith the Apple computer and going to PC.The entire PC is upgraded by himself from XT to the present Pentium duo core.The present Intel i7 CPU is out of reach at the moment because the CPU is still expensive.He is also into DIY changing his own toilet cistern and other electric appliance.His hunger for knowledge has not abated and he is a lifelong learner.The children have all grown up and there are 2 grandchildren who are even more technically advanced than the grandfather where mobile phones are concerned.This book is taken from some of the many articles in his blog (now with 740 posts) A Family Doctor’s Tale.Dr Kee is the author of:"A Family Doctor's Tale""Life Lessons Learned From The Study And Practice Of Medicine""Case Notes From A Family Doctor"

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Aphasia, (Difficulty Understanding) A Simple Guide To The Condition, Diagnosis, Treatment And Related Conditions - Kenneth Kee

Aphasia,

(Difficulty Understanding)

A

Simple

Guide

To

The Condition,

Diagnosis,

Treatment

And

Related Conditions

By

Dr Kenneth Kee

M.B.,B.S. (Singapore)

Ph.D (Healthcare Administration)

Copyright Kenneth Kee 2016 Smashwords Edition

Published by Kenneth Kee at Smashwords.com

Dedication

This book is dedicated

To my wife Dorothy

And my children

Carolyn, Grace

And Kelvin

This book describes Aphasia, Diagnosis and Treatment and Related Diseases which is seen in some of my patients in my Family Clinic.

(What You Need to Treat Aphasia)

This eBook is licensed for the personal enjoyment only. This eBook may not be re-sold or given away to other people. If you would like to share this book with another person, please purchase an additional copy for each reader.

If you’re reading this book and did not purchase it, or it was not purchased for your use only, then please return to Smashwords.com and purchase your own copy.

Thank you for respecting the hard work of this author.

Introduction

I have been writing medical articles for my blog http://kennethkee.blogspot.com (A Simple Guide to Medical Condition) for the benefit of my patients since 2007.

My purpose in writing these simple guides was for the health education of my patients.

Health Education was also my dissertation for my Ph.D (Healthcare Administration).

I then wrote an autobiolographical account of his journey as a medical student to family doctor on his other blog http://afamilydoctorstale.blogspot.com.

This autobiolographical account A Family Doctor’s Tale was combined with my early A Simple Guide to Medical Conditions into a new Wordpress Blog A Family Doctor’s Tale on http://kenkee481.wordpress.com.

From which many free articles from the blog was taken and put together into 800 amazon kindle books and 200 into Smashwords.com eBooks.

Some people have complained that the simple guides are too simple.

For their information they are made simple in order to educate the patients.

The later books go into more details of medical conditions.

The first chapter is always from my earlier blogs which unfortunately tends to have typos and spelling mistakes.

Since 2013, I have tried to improve my spelling and writing.

As I tried to bring you the latest information about a condition or illness by reading the latest journals both online and offline, I find that I am learning more and improving on my own medical knowledge in diagnosis and treatment for my patients.

Just by writing all these simple guides I find that I have learned a lot from your reviews (good or bad), criticism and advice.

I am sorry for the repetitions in these simple guides as the second chapters onwards have new information as compared to my first chapter taken from my blog.

I also find repetition definitely help me and maybe some readers to remember the facts in the books more easily.

I apologize if these repetitions are irritating to some readers.

Chapter 1

Aphasia

What is Aphasia?

Aphasia is a medical neurological disorder caused by injury to the parts of the brain that are accountable for language production or processing.

Aphasia is a disorder that occurs from injury to portions of the brain that are accountable for language.

For most people, these regions are on the left side of the brain.

It may happen suddenly or progressively dependent on the form and site of brain tissue affected.

Aphasia normally happens suddenly, often after a stroke or head injury, but it may also form slowly, as the effect of a brain tumor or a progressive neurological disease.

The disorder reduces the expression and understanding of language as well as reading and writing.

Aphasia may co-exist with speech disorders, such as dysarthria or apraxia of speech, which also occur from brain injury.

Primary features of the disorder are:

1. Difficulty in articulating oneself when speaking,

2. Difficulty comprehending speech, and

3. Difficulty with reading and writing.

Aphasia is not a sickness but a symptom of brain injury.

Even though it is mainly seen in patients who have suffered a stroke, aphasia can also occur from a brain tumor, infection, inflammation, head injury or dementia that involve language-linked regions of the brain.

The form and seriousness of language dysfunction is dependent on the exact site and spread of the injured brain tissue.

Aphasia is a problem with communication.

It happens after injury to the centers of the brain which are involved with language.

This injury happens often after a stroke (about a third of people after stroke have aphasia) but it can also happen following other injury such as a brain tumor, meningitis, or head injury.

There is also a disorder called Primary Progressive Aphasia, but it is not known what produces this.

No one quite knows why this happens but it slowly gets worse over time.

The word ‘aphasia’ was previously used to indicate someone with no language skills, and ‘dysphasia’ indicated someone with a problem with language.

For many years ‘aphasia’ has been made use internationally, to indicate both.

It is a disorder that involves a person’s capability to use and process language.

Aphasia can involve a person’s capability to make use of speech, to comprehend the speech of other people, to read, to write and occasionally to use numbers and gestures

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