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Doing Aquaculture as a Business for Small- and Medium-Scale Farmers. Practical Training Manual Module 1: The Technical Dimension of Commercial Aquaculture

Doing Aquaculture as a Business for Small- and Medium-Scale Farmers. Practical Training Manual Module 1: The Technical Dimension of Commercial Aquaculture

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Doing Aquaculture as a Business for Small- and Medium-Scale Farmers. Practical Training Manual Module 1: The Technical Dimension of Commercial Aquaculture

Longueur:
101 pages
57 minutes
Sortie:
Jan 29, 2018
ISBN:
9789251301906
Format:
Livre

Description

The target users of both modules are trainers, educators, extension officers as long as are small‐ and medium‐scale fish farmers. The purpose of this module is to enhance their knowledge and capacities in understanding and applying the basic technical principles and concepts of commercial aquaculture in their daily activities.

Sortie:
Jan 29, 2018
ISBN:
9789251301906
Format:
Livre

À propos de l'auteur

An intergovernmental organization, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has 194 Member Nations, two associate members and one member organization, the European Union. Its employees come from various cultural backgrounds and are experts in the multiple fields of activity FAO engages in. FAO’s staff capacity allows it to support improved governance inter alia, generate, develop and adapt existing tools and guidelines and provide targeted governance support as a resource to country and regional level FAO offices. Headquartered in Rome, Italy, FAO is present in over 130 countries.Founded in 1945, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO provides a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. The Organization publishes authoritative publications on agriculture, fisheries, forestry and nutrition.

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Doing Aquaculture as a Business for Small- and Medium-Scale Farmers. Practical Training Manual Module 1 - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of FAO.

ISBN 978-92-5-109807-3

ISBN 978-92-5-130190-6 (EPUB)

© FAO, 2017

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This publication has been printed using selected products and processes so as to ensure minimal environmental impact and to promote sustainable forest management.

Abstract

The Doing aquaculture as a business for small- and medium-scale farmers. Practical training manual is composed of two modules: Module 1 The technical dimension of commercial aquaculture and Module 2 The economic dimension of commercial aquaculture.

The target users of both modules are trainers, educators, extension officers as long as are small- and medium-scale fish farmers.

The purpose of this module is to enhance their knowledge and capacities in understanding and applying the basic technical principles and concepts of commercial aquaculture in their daily activities.

FAO. 2017.

Doing aquaculture as a business for small- and medium-scale farmers. Practical training manual. Module 1: The technical dimension of commercial aquaculture, by Ana Menezes, Nathanael Hishamunda, Leonard Lovshin and Elisabetta Martone. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Rome, Italy.

Contents

Abstract

Acknowledgements

Abbreviations and acronyms

Introduction

1Principles of aquaculture

1.1 Key definitions

1.2 Factors influencing primary productivity in water

1.3 Factors influencing carrying capacity in water

1.4 Factors influencing the growth rate in water

1.5 Factors influencing yield in water

2Classification of farming systems

3Introduction to pond and cage culture systems

3.1 Pond-based aquaculture

3.2 Cage-based aquaculture

4Design and construction of pond farms

4.1 Criteria for the site selection of a pond farm

4.2 Design and construction of ponds

4.3 Water

5Seed production

6Nutrition and feeds

7Harvest and post-harvest practices

References

Further reading

Boxes

Box 1. Factors influencing primary productivity in water

Box 2. Forms of nitrogen found in water

Box 3. How to calculate the ammonia production rate

Box 4. Example of lime supply

Box 5. Solubility of carbon dioxide, calcium bicarbonate and calcium carbonate

Box 6. Factors influencing carrying capacity in water

Box 7. How to calculate the feed conversion ratio

Box 8. How to calculate the average growth rate

Box 9. Factors influencing growth rate in water

Box 10. How to calculate the relative and absolute growth rate

Box 11. Examples of feed allotment based on fish species weight

Box 12. Factors influencing yield in water

Box 13. How to calculate the yield

Box 14. Advantages and disadvantages of partial harvest and restock

Box 15. How to calculate the draining days

Figures

Figure 1. Total energy received from direct solar radiation at different latitudes

Figure 2. The influence of water temperature and pH on the percentage of un-ionized ammonia

Figure 3. Changes in the levels of NH3, NO2- and NO3- in response to bacterial oxidation

Figure 4. Relationship between phytoplankton productivity and total alkalinity in ponds

Figure 5. Effects of pH on the mole fraction of H2CO3, free CO2, HCO3- and CO3²- in freshwater

Figure 6. Fluctuation of pH in low and moderate alkalinity ponds

Figure 7. Relationship of depth and primary production in a fertile pond

Figure 8. Thermal stratification

Figure 9. Relationship of fish weight, feeding rate and dissolved oxygen level

Figure 10. Calculation of dissolved oxygen

Figure 11. Influence of aeration on dissolved oxygen in a fed fishpond

Figure 12. Level of interventions

Figure 13. Increase in average individual fish weight between stocking (T1) and harvest (T2)

Figure 14. Influence of water temperature on fish growth

Figure 15. Influence of age on fish growth rate

Figure 16. Relative growth rate

Figure 17. Absolute growth rate

Figure 18. Relationship of body weight to percentage of body weight fed/day

Figure 19. Relationship between the stocking density of 50 gram-fish and

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