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Canada Travel Guide: Vacation and Tourism

Canada Travel Guide: Vacation and Tourism

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Canada Travel Guide: Vacation and Tourism

Longueur:
331 pages
3 heures
Éditeur:
Sortie:
Mar 14, 2020
ISBN:
9780463883754
Format:
Livre

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Canada Travel Guide. Vacation and Tourism. Canada is a beautiful country that charms its guests with numerous cosy towns, amazing places of interest and landmarks. The majority of sights are located in Ottawa. This is the place where one can see the building of the Parliament and the Tower of Peace that is located nearby. Fans of shopping should visit ByWard Market that is so big that it occupies several quarters. There are a few dozen of museums in Ottawa the Canadian Museum of Nature, the Museum of Modern Photography, the Museum of Science, National Gallery of Canada, Canada’s Cold War Museum, National Museum of Aeronautics, Bytown Museum, Canada Agriculture and Food Museum, and many other exhibition halls and galleries. Ottawa suburbs is the location of a small town of Kingston. This town is famous because of a prominent landmark Fort Henry. The building of the fort was finished in 1812. The building was renovated several times, so now it is open for visitors and its halls are full of precious historic artefacts. The magnificent Lake Ontario is also located there. The lake is internationally famous for its beauty and magnificent parks that surround it. Toronto is no less famous than Ottawa. This is a large cultural centre with many places of interest. Tourists are recommended to visit Queen Elizabeth Park, Hyde Park and Toronto Islands Park. These beautiful national parks feature large collections of plants, trees and flowers. When it comes to cultural places of interest, the most famous sights of Toronto include Ontario Art Gallery, National Opera, the Royal Ontario Museum and Roy Thomson Hall. According to most Canadians, Quebec is the most beautiful province of their country. Despite its rather modest administrative importance, Quebec is a large science and university centre. Laval University is the most famous education facility in the province. In Quebec guests will see numerous beautiful university buildings, old libraries, spacious squares and picturesque parks. There are also several botanic gardens and zoos in Quebec

Éditeur:
Sortie:
Mar 14, 2020
ISBN:
9780463883754
Format:
Livre

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Country guide

Sightseeing

Canada sightseeing. Travel guide attractions, sights, nature and touristic places

Canada is a beautiful country that charms its guests with numerous cosy towns, amazing places of interest and landmarks. The majority of sights are located in Ottawa. This is the place where one can see the building of the Parliament and the Tower of Peace that is located nearby. Fans of shopping should visit ByWard Market that is so big that it occupies several quarters. There are a few dozen of museums in Ottawa the Canadian Museum of Nature, the Museum of Modern Photography, the Museum of Science, National Gallery of Canada, Canada’s Cold War Museum, National Museum of Aeronautics, Bytown Museum, Canada Agriculture and Food Museum, and many other exhibition halls and galleries.

Ottawa suburbs is the location of a small town of Kingston. This town is famous because of a prominent landmark Fort Henry. The building of the fort was finished in 1812. The building was renovated several times, so now it is open for visitors and its halls are full of precious historic artefacts. The magnificent Lake Ontario is also located there. The lake is internationally famous for its beauty and magnificent parks that surround it.

Toronto is no less famous than Ottawa. This is a large cultural centre with many places of interest. Tourists are recommended to visit Queen Elizabeth Park, Hyde Park and Toronto Islands Park. These beautiful national parks feature large collections of plants, trees and flowers. When it comes to cultural places of interest, the most famous sights of Toronto include Ontario Art Gallery, National Opera, the Royal Ontario Museum and Roy Thomson Hall.

According to most Canadians, Quebec is the most beautiful province of their country. Despite its rather modest administrative importance, Quebec is a large science and university centre. Laval University is the most famous education facility in the province. In Quebec guests will see numerous beautiful university buildings, old libraries, spacious squares and picturesque parks. There are also several botanic gardens and zoos in Quebec.

Montreal is also a popular travel destination due to numerous medieval buildings and religious shrines. The most famous landmarks here are Notre Dame Church, Palace of Justice, St. Josef Chapel, Saint George’s Church, and St. Patrick’s Cathedral. Finally, Ramezay Castle is considered the most beautiful building of the 18th century in the city. Nowadays, the castle is used to hold exhibitions of the Museum of History.

History and Entertainment

Throughout hundreds of years, indigenous Indian tribes resided on the Canadian territory. Most of them were almost erased due to tribal wars in the 15th century. Approximately, about 200 000 people resided on the territory of the present country at that time. The indigenous population decrease was caused not only by never-ending conflicts between tribes, but also by an epidemic of virus diseases taking place when European conquerors came to the continent.

One of the first Europeans who reached this place were French people. Famous navigator Jacques Cartier contributed immensely to the exploration of new lands. The beginning of the 16th century was characterized by the period of the Spanish colonization. Great Britain was interested in new lands much later, as its first settlements were formed in the second half of the 18th century. This fact did not prevent Great Britain from gaining control of the new land. Canada became independent of it in 1982.

Such complicated history reflected on the modern country’s culture. At present, Canada is one of the most versatile countries from a religious point of view. Here live people who profess different religions, from Christianity and Judaism to Islam and Buddhism. The ethnic diversity is also quite great, so many travelers do not feel like in the foreign country. Now, Canada has also two official languages, English and French. Most local residents speak both languages.

Some of the distinguishing features of the country are unique nature attractions. In the vicinity of large cities, there are amazing national parks and reserves that have not been affected by the civilization. The oldest national park in Canada is Banff. On its territory, precious thermal springs were also found. Now, the park includes an excellent thermal center that is popular not only with tourists, but also with local residents.

Fans of hiking will be definitely impressed by the national park of Jasper. It is famous for its beautiful glacial lakes and pristine natural landscapes. A lot of people visit Canada to witness large festivals. For instance, the world-famous Light Festival is held in late February in Montreal. In hot summer, Vancouver is a city where the Sea Festival takes place.

Cities and regions

Calgary

Guide to Calgary

Sightseeing in Calgary what to see. Complete travel guide

First mentions of Calgary appeared in 1875. Nowadays this is a modern resort, the largest megalopolis of the country and the cultural capital of Canada. The city attracts people who enjoy active rest as on its territory are located numerous sports facilities. Multiple shops, restaurants and museums, shadowy valleys and parks all these factors are truly good for comfortable rest.

You can view the panoramic looks of the city if you go up to Calgary Tower the height of which estimates 91 m. The construction of the tower is quite unusual and even in small wind it moves a bit, but keeps its balance even in serious hurricanes. The biggest historical museum of Calgary is Heritage Park. It is 27 hectares large and it will get you acquainted with the history of the town, will provide you with possibility to watch unique collections of exhibits of different epochs. Art connoisseurs may enjoy visiting Glenbow Gallery, the walls of which store over 28 thousand of pictures. Travellers with kids should visit Telus Museum. Near this museum is also located a Planetarium. Here every day are organized excursions and performances for kids. By attending such events little visitors will learn new information about peculiarities of our planet and its development.

Tourists, who enjoy walking, can see the beauty of the Canadian nature and spend some very nice time in Galaway Park. This is the second largest park in the country. Calgary has been chosen as the place of conducting the annual rodeo Calgary Stampede and Exhibition that starts in the middle of July and lasts 10 days. The holiday is accompanied by picturesque parades, competitions and performances. Besides this the guests of the city have an opportunity to visit theaters and opera, look at magnificent ancient churches (there are more than 5 hundred of them on the territory of the city), visit modern cinemas and exhibition halls. Calgary can be truly called one of the best modern resorts, because in this city there is simply everything for wonderful rest.

One of the largest cultural centers in Canada the Glenbow Museum, is located in Calgary. Its collection totals more than one million historical exhibits, which are now represented in 20 museum halls with a total area of 8,600 square meters. The collection of the museum is very multifaceted; it presents historical items brought from different parts of the world, and one of the world’s largest collections of minerals. Several rooms serve as the location of ethnographic exhibits, which are directly related to the indigenous peoples of North America. More than 26,000 exhibits dedicated to military history are still in the museum.

A peculiar symbol of Calgary is the pedestrian street of Stephen Avenue which is located in the heart of the city. On this street, you can see a lot of beautiful historic buildings and preserved houses, which in the early 20th century were built of sandstone. At the moment, in these historical buildings are well-known restaurants and hotels, as well as shops and other entertainment establishments.

In Calgary, there is a unique religious landmark the Baitunnur Mosque the largest mosque in Canada. It was built quite recently in 2008, and is in fact, a major cultural center. Several halls of the mosque are given to the public center. Often, interesting events are held here. There are several offices on the territory of the mosque, and an excellent playground for children.

A real city attraction is the picturesque Chinatown district a place where you can immerse yourself in the atmosphere of the eastern country for a few hours. In this area, there is a huge selection of shops, as well as restaurants that specialize in Chinese cuisine. There are also several interesting theaters here. Numerous interesting festivals are held several times a year in Chinatown.

For outdoor recreation, the Prince’s Island Park is perfect. It is an incredibly beautiful and well-equipped park. It is located on the top of a hill, so the territory of the park offers a wonderful panoramic view of the city. On the territory of the park there are special paths for hiking and cycling. There are also many attractions and playgrounds for children. Many inhabitants are also present on the territory of the park. Geese are among the main ones. They are very friendly and gladly accept treats from people.

Top sightseeing

Top architectural sightseeing and landmarks of Calgary ideas on city exploration routes

Calgary Tower, Olympic Oval, Talisman Centre, and City Hall are the architectural landmarks, the names of which always remind you the words ‘Calgary’ and ‘Canada’. And this is natural, since these prominent landmarks are the ones that shape the historical and architectural look of Calgary. Let’s look at these landmarks from high above, namely, from a bird’s eye view click the video and make a flight over the architectural ensemble of Calgary. In the main article, you can also read the most interesting facts about every famous landmark of Calgary.

Calgary Tower, Calgary

Facts: » The 190-meter tower was built to celebrate the hundredth anniversary of Canada. The construction cost $3 500 000.

» The total weight of the tower s over 10 tons. In 1971, it was named Calgary Tower. The skyscraper is seismically stable and can withstand earthquakes and wind speed of 161 kmh.

» It had been constructed for a year and 3 months. The building is cylinder due to the continuous filling of concrete mixture.

» In the Husky Tower (the first name), there are two high-speed lifts. You can reach the observation platform within 60 seconds. At the upper level, there is an observation restaurant that turns around its axis for 45 minutes.

» In the northern part of the platform, you can see the streets through the glass hole in the floor.

» In 1990, the building was reconstructed. It cost $2.4 million. The lower level of the building is absolutely glass.

» There is the Olympic Flame at its top. The Flame burns 24 hours a day. Now, it is burnt on special days.

» 500 000 people visited the building at its 25th anniversary.

» At night, the tower is illuminated. It has over 16.5 million color and lighting effect.

Olympic Oval, Calgary

Facts: » The Olympic Oval is a city skating rink with an indoor shed. The construction cost $39 million.

» At the stadium, there are two small skating rinks. Short track skaters and hockey players train here. Amateurs can go skating here too.

» Inner panels are decorated with banners. They are dedicated to Olympic heroes.

» In the Olympic Oval, 7 world records of 10 were set during the Olympic Games.

» Administrators let hold world championships at the skating rink. The World Cup is annually organized here.

» The sports ground is located at a height of 1 105 m. The discharged air lets participants achieve great success.

» The rink started to be built in 1985. Two years later, the stadium welcomed the first visitors.

» The construction belongs to the University of Calgary. The Olympic Oval is located near the campus.

» The 400-meter track is covered with ice. Distilled water is used for this, so nothing interferes smooth skating.

» There are soft fences around the skating circle.

» The rink has been granted the Olympic status.

Talisman Centre, Calgary

Facts: » The Talisman Centre is a city multi-sports complex.

» The municipal authorities sold the rights to possess the centre to Talisman Energy for $10 million. This company had possessed the sports arena for 20 years.

» Then, Repsol bought the object. So, the sports center has borne its name since March 2002.

» To help sportsmen achieve success in different kinds of sport, including water sport, the administration invested in the building upgrading.

» Every year, it is visited by 1.8 million people.

» The non-profit sports community Lindsay Park cares for the complex.

» The architectural style of the construction is extraordinary. The dome has the shape of V. The steel arched construction rests on the solid concrete foundation. The roof is covered with teflon glass fibre. It is transparent, which lets save money on energy consumption.

» The construction cost almost $25 million.

» The complex has a total area of 12 000 m2.

» In the Centre, not only professional water (swimming) competitions are held. It is also open for visitors practicing athletics.

City Hall, Calgary

Facts: » The Calgary City Council is aimed at protecting citizens’ interests.

» The complex of two buildings belongs to the city council. One building was built in 1911. The outer walls are faced with quarry sandstone. Natural stone has withstood natural disasters for over a century. The only building in classical Roman style is an architectural monument.

» Its floor and ceiling are covered with mosaics. The staircase is made of marble. The wall panels are decorated with golden patterns. The windows are stained glass.

» Over time, it was necessary to increase the area of the city hall because the number of its representative rose due to the extension of the powers.

» The modern skyscraper was built for this purpose. Sessions have taken place here since 1986.

» The 50-meter building has an unusual exterior. It has the shape of the triangle. It was built of steel sheets and glass. The building has 14 floors. It had been constructed for three years.

» The architect received the reward from the mayor of Calgary for the building’s design.

Glenbow Museum, Calgary

Facts: » The Glenbow Museum is a city museum dedicated to the history of Western Canada.

» 20 themed exhibition halls have a total area of 8 600 m2.

» Its fund is over a million exhibits.

» 100 000 items are presented in the first sector. Here, you can learn about the living conditions of the past, how people dressed and how they lived.

» The collection of canvasses includes paintings from 1914 to this day.

» The ethnographic sector houses 48 000 artifacts. Here, you can also see items used by the natives.

» In the gun room, there are exhibits with 500 years of history.

» The collection of minerals contains precious and semiprecious natural stones found in different parts of the world. Stones shining in the dark and iridescent crystal are very interesting too.

» There is an archive in the Glenbow Museum. There are over 2 million photos, manuscripts, documents, periodicals, and other things that represent the development of the western region.

» The cultural institution was built thanks to the entrepreneur and collector Harvie.

SAIT Heritage Hall, Calgary

Facts: » The issue of the establishment of an educational institution was always thorny. The authorities explained that the construction of the building is impossible due to the small population.

» After the First World War, the government bought 100 acres of land from the local industrialist. As the Ministry’s decided, classrooms started to be built in 1921.

» The first building was named the Heritage Hall. The construction is located on top of a hill. It has a view of the surroundings. Today, the skyscraper is a historic attraction of the city.

» The campus of the educational institution includes an engineering school and a college. It was opened in 1922.

» The eastern part of the house is occupied by the higher education institution while the ordinary school occupies the western part.

» The architecture of the construction is very interesting too. It is designed in Academic Gothic style, so it resembles a medieval castle but not an educational institution.

» Main construction materials were sandstone and stone. The dome is decorated with towers, spikes, and stone engraving. There are a lot of wall decorations.

Scotia Centre, Calgary

Facts: » In the megacity, there is a skyscraper and an office building called Scotia Center. Besides business offices, it also includes a three-storey shopping center. Branded stores offer a wide range of products for every taste.

» The Scotia Centre is located in the center of the district. The skyscraper is 155 m high (the height of the 41st floor). One level is used for technical needs.

» The construction lasted two years and was completed in 1976.

» The skyscraper is built of reinforced concrete constructions. The outer frame is supported by the steel armature poured with concrete. From the outside, the building looks like a monolith separated by longitudinal beams. There are rectangular windows between them.

» The construction cost $30 million. At that time, this building was second to none with its height.

» At its top, there are a restaurant and a pub. In the restaurant, there is an outdoor terrace. It has a view of the local surroundings.

» The main lessee was Scotiabank (The Scottish Bank). You can see its logo at one of the walls of the Scotiabank Conference Center.

Bankers Hall, Calgary

Facts: » There are two 52-meter towers in the center. They make a uniform architectural complex. These buildings are used as offices.

» Skyscrapers are 197 m high. Bankers Hall East (the first construction) and Bankers Hall West (the second one) are twin towers. They were commissioned in 1989.

» The first four floors are occupied by a shopping center, gyms, and cinema. There are 47 brand stores.

» The roof of the building resembles a stetson. The cowboy’s hat is the hallmark of Calgary. You can also see it on the city flag. It was presented as a mark of respect for members of governmental delegations.

» The dome of one skyscraper is golden. The rood of the other is painted silver.

» The Bankers Hall is a business center. Towers are linked with each other by a covered gallery. There is a pedestrian underpass. It has special climate control equipment. There are headquarters of many big industrial companies.

» There is an old building adjacent to the northeastern part of the complex. Its historical facade was completely restored.

Family trip with kids

Family trip to Calgary with children. Ideas on where to go with your child

Calgary is a big city with a wide choice of entertainment. Travelers with children do not have to be bored here. There are several wonderful amusement parks available for visitor, the most popular among them being the Calaway Park. The park has exciting roller coasters for lovers of extreme sports, colorful carousels for the youngest visitors, and children’s locomotive on which they can ride around the park. Among the dozens of attractions, there are suitable ones for everyone. Also, there are many interesting souvenir shops, cafes and other places for recreation in the park.

Those who prefer water sports should visit the Village Square Leisure Center. It is very large and is indoors; therefore it is available for vacationers at any time of the year. A huge pool with artificial waves, as well as special pools for kids, can be seen in the park. In addition to the traditional colorful slides in the water park, there are many other intriguing attractions, a cozy cafe and souvenir shop. The water park is aimed at visitors with young children in many ways. Special playgrounds

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