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Most content creators agree that the two copyright options available in most countries, full copyright (“all rights reserved”) and public domain (“no rights reserved”), are insufficient to accommodate limited re-use of content in the digital era. Several alternatives to standard copyright have come about in attempt to mitigate this problem. The most flexible and well known alternative is Creative Commons. Other copyright alternatives are in use across the Internet, and may allow you to re-publish certain content on Scribd. Scribd, however, only supports traditional copyright, Creative Commons, and public domain for works published on Scribd.
Creative Commons licenses allow you to give members of the public limited permission to re-use, copy, distribute, and build upon your original works. The Creative Commons copyright licenses and tools forge a balance inside the traditional “all rights reserved” setting that copyright law creates. Creative Commons licenses do not “replace” your copyright, and do not limit your rights in any way.
Scribd strongly supports the use of Creative Commons, and encourages content creators to take advantages of Creative Commons licenses wherever possible. Offering your original work to the Creative Commons contributes to a vibrant creative culture. You can set or adjust your documents’ copyright license and activate Creative Commons licenses by editing your document’s settings after upload.
The frequently asked questions at the Creative Commons website might help you to determine which license is best for you and your content.
Creative Commons licenses can only apply to original works, or works derived from other works in the Creative Commons. Attempts to apply Creative Commons licenses to fully copyrighted works authored by others is an invalid use and may constitute copyright infringement.
Scribd supports the following copyright licenses:
Copyright. All rights reserved.
Under traditional copyright, no one may copy, re-use, build upon, or edit your work in any way with your explicit permission.
Attribution (CC BY)
This license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.
Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. This license is often compared to “copyleft” free and open source software licenses. All new works based on yours will carry the same license, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use. This is the license used by Wikipedia, and is recommended for materials that would benefit from incorporating content from Wikipedia and similarly licensed projects.
Attribution-NoDerivs (CC BY-ND)
This license allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole, with credit to you.
Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)
This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA)
This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.
Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)
This license is the most restrictive of the Creative Commons licenses, only allowing others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.
Documents in the public domain are entirely free of copyright. Anyone, anywhere has full and unlimited rights to use public domain content for any purpose, at any time, without restriction under copyright law.
While Creative Commons is by far the most flexible alternative to coypright, it is not the only alternative available on the Internet. Other alternatives include:
Scribd does not offer copyleft or GPL licensing options for documents uploaded to Scribd. Most copyleft licenses have analogous options in the Creative Commons, and the GPL’s focus on software makes it inappropropriate for the vast majority of documents uploaded to Scribd. Copyleft and GPL licenses often place restrictions on re-use of content in a commercial context, and some narrow interpretations consider uploading to Scribd to be a “commercial use” of such content, regardless of whether the uploader derives any financial benefit. Scribd strongly recommends that you check with the creators of copyleft- and GPL-licensed content to make sure that they allow uploading to Scribd.
Portions of this web page have been repurposed from the Creative Commons website under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.