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vke vkneh Ja`[kyk & 5

lHkh ds fy, oguh; vkokl gsrq vuqdwy okrkoj.k l`tu dh vksj

;g iz;kl ch,eVhihlh dh vksj ls] edku fuekZ.k ls tqM+h] vDlj


utjankt dj nh tkus Okkyh lwpuk,a iznku djus dk gS] tks dbZ rjg dh
xfrfof/k;ksa rFkk fuekZ.k lkexzh ,oa izkS|ksfxdh ls tqM+s] rduhdh ,oa
xSj&rduhdh ekeyksa ds ckjs esa mi;ksxh gSA ;g J`a[kyk fudkyus dk
fofjV mn~s; vius nsk dks vke vkneh rd igaqpuk rFkk Hkou fuekZ.k ds
ckjs esa tkudkjh iznku djuk gSA gj vkneh dk liuk gksrk gS fd mldk
viuk ,d ?kj gks] rnkuqlkj bl J`a[kyk ds ek/;e ls] ftldk mi;qDr
rkSj ij uke vke vkneh J`a[kyk j[kk x;k gS] ge /khjs&/khjs Hkou fuekZ.k
ds ckjs esa Hkzkafr;ksa ,oa vU; ckrksa dk fujkdj.k djsaxsA bldh Hkkkk LiV ,oa
le>us esa ljy gSA tfVy izkS|ksfxfd;ksa dks ,slh Hkkkk esa le>k;k x;k gS
ftls gj dksbZ le> ldrk gSA

vke vkneh Ja`[kyk & 5

BEx BE >{ fS
BEx BE xh BE +iMi x BE xh + >{ fS BE xh
c * x BE xh BEx BE n xh BE +M ci{h P]BE >{
fS BE xh BEx c + c {iBE >{ fS BE xh vi c *
>{ fS BEx BE c c c VBE xh x il {l BE ~BE
>{ BE Vi c * c BEx cx BE J lx c + <BE xh
~BE ic BEx c c < +nBE iBE il Fi fM c
BEi c * xn i { < n, BE, , , f il
BEx BE xn xh BE +BE +x P]BE c *

xh BE BE
>{ fS BE xh BE< iBE BE V BEi c * Vx Fj +i
il +SU BE BE <] ={v ci c =x 2 3 W BEx BE xh
BE A n BE xh |i BEE] , BE l <]
BE V BEi c * < xh BE c xh BEc Vi c * Vx Fj
<] BE BD] x xc ci c =x c c n Vi c BE
BEx BE xh |i ] BEE] (+ ) |E xh {ri
BE VA* BEc-BEc A c BEi c BE xh BE nx iBE
+{xx BE +BEi { *
>{ fS BE xh BE |BE BE VA, c ]] BE BE il =BE
Fi cx BEx BE Fi (A ), x< Vx W BE
J, x BE xBD, xh BE A ={v V] +n { x c * c
BEx BE BE {n { x c BE c fS BE F BE o] BE
xh {ri BEx BE xh BE BEi c +li <] +l +
|E *
1. <] xh (c xh )
n fS BE n BE xh J { <] BE Vi c i = <]
c xh BEc Vi c * c <A c BE , , n +n
BE {h <] BE n ci c+ x { {i c * Vc +SU BE
BE <] ={v ci c, c A c xh BE{Ei i cM *

vke vkneh Ja`[kyk & 5

bV Hkkjokgh fuekZ.k

+i { n ix W BE xh BE A n BE ]< 23 . .
(9) J Vx ScA * n {V {S M iBE BE Fj +i
{ +SU BE BE <] ={v ci c * +x Fj <] Vi
+{FBEi BE ci c BDBE <] BE xh BE A ={v lx ]]
<] BE xh ci =ix +SU xc ci c *

<] BE +BE il =xBE Vi


n <] BE xh +vBEi +SU BE BE ]] BE Vi c *
+i { <] BE +BE 22.5x11.5x7.5 .. (9x4x3) ci c
VBE 25x12.5x10 .. (10 x5x4) BE +BE BE <] ci +x
+BE BE <] x< Vi c * ]] x< M< +SU BE BE <]
SBEn M BE ci c + ABE-n ]BEx { c JxBEi c *
+SU BE BE <] c ci c Vxc 24 P] BE A {x b nx {
+{x BE BE 20 |ii c V BE *
+SU BE BE <] BE Wi 100 BE.O./M .. +l = +vBE
ci c * <] BE Wi BE {Fh |M+ BE V BEi c *
n <] BE Wi +SU xc c (+li 70 BE.O./M .. BE c ) i
BE n W iBE BEx BE A c n BE xh BEx
gBE cM * c xBE + +n BE BE Sx BE A c c *
BEx BE BE ScA BE c xh +{x< V c n BE ]<,
W BE J il xh <i BE V c <] BE BD] BE

-2-

vke vkneh Ja`[kyk & 5

{Jx BE A +{x +-{ BE Fj xi BEA V c BEx BE


+x BE * +i { ABE +x iBE/<Vx c <] BE
BD] BE i BEi c *
+VBE 20x10x10 ..(8x4x4) { <] BE xh BE V
c c + <xBE c BEc Vi c BE <xBE <i xh
BE{Ei c * >{ fS BE c xh BE A <x <] BE <i
BE V BEi c *
<] BE xh {E<-A, Sx,BEE] +n V +x O BE
V BEi c VBE < b<V] BE {i gJ+ n VAM *

<] BE Sx< BE A M
>{ fS <] BE Sx< M BE Vi c * < M +i { {BE
BE A ] BE <i BE Vi c (cBE Sx V +x ]M
O BE <i c BEi c)* M BE +x P]BE xi& i c V
n BE Sx< BE Wi BE +BEix ] +l cx c
BEi c * ] i cx i BE ix Sx< BE +vBE Vi |nx
BEi c *
+i { 1 M ] + 6 M i BE M x Vi c (1:6) *
BEx n +vBE Wi BE +BEi c i (1:4) +l (1:3) +x{i BE
M BE <i BE V BEi c * il{ BEx BE xh ci BEx
xnx iBE/<Vx u c M BE +x{i {"ki BE V
BEi c *
] + i BE ~BE ic Vi c il = Vi BE +x
{x bBE M x Vi c + {E +{Fi M BE ]< BE l
"k {ri <] BE Sx< BE Vi c V b BEci c *

<] BE Sxx< (b)


q Mx BE {ri BE b BEc Vi c + c ci P]BE { x
ci c Vx lx {ri c * +i { i xh BE
A <M b {ri +{x< Vi c * BExBE BE Sx BE A
<M b {ri Sj -1 nJ< M< c *

-3-

vke vkneh Ja`[kyk & 5

< i BE J J Vx Sc BE >{ fS BE n BE xh
BE i BE Vx ScA xc i fS Vi xc cM *
>{ fS BE xh <i BE Vx <] BE <i {c {x
bBE J Vx ScA * < i { vx nx ScA BE M BE <]
{ <BE fM M VA iBE M BE {i ~BE x *
+BE Vi x BE A xh BE n n BE BE BE i nx
iBE {x i< BE Vx ScA * <A c c n Vi c BE n
{ =BE xh BE iJ {] J n VA *
b < |BE UA Vx ScA BE BE{ BE o"] Vi BE ={ BE
{ {xi U BE BEx, VBDx +l <Vx u iA MA
lx { c fM M V BE * <Vx, +BE]BD] il ~BEn BE
l BEx BE BE <BE A { i Jx ScA *
>{ fS BE n nV,JBE,{<{,{E]M +n BE A =Si
VMc U Vx ScA *

BEM
+ n BEM BE +| BEx xh BE A Vj il
n u +{xA Vx i-iBE c * BExBE c =n
BE Vi c BE c <x { +SU xW J *
Vj BE { n BE xh BE A =Si +W cx ScA *
<x +W Sx< BE A +{Fi +x +W BE l-l n BE
v Jx BE A ] , M +W c *
BEM BE i =k BEc V BEi c V n BE BEx il V 90
bM { i c +BE]BDS xBD nA MA +{Fi BEh { i
c* < c xSi cM BE n BE v c * n BE i<
fS +BE Vi +i c *
F{ +SU BEM BE +l BEx BE Vi c *

-4-

vke vkneh Ja`[kyk & 5


2.

+ |E xh

Vx BEx {S ] = +vBE S< BE BE c +l c


xh BE A +SU BE BE <] xc c =x xh BE A +i {
+ |E xh {ri +{x< Vi c (Sj -2) * xn i {
+ |E xh {ri BEx il VBDx +l BEx |E
xx BE A ABE n BE Vx +x lx { BE BE
Bl ci c* c xh BE A BE + |E {xi ]
BEE](+) xA Vi c *
x cx |E BE bV<x ]BDS <Vx u BEx ScA
V c iAM BE |M Vx BEE] gh BE c, BE
+ BE <V BD c +l =x {xx BEix c* + |E
xh BE A x + BE ci c *
n +l ix V c BEx BE A + |E xh
BE Mi +i { c <] BE Sx< xh +vBE ci c *
< |BE c c n Vi c BE + |E xh i +{x
VA V =BE xii +BEi c* BEx BE xh BE |BE Sh
l + {xM il +BE]BDS {xM BE +BE]BE il
]BDS <Vx BE l < v SS BE x ScA *
|E BE S J VMc BE <] BE n +l +BE]BDS h
BE +x +x O x ScA *

vkjlhlh se okyk fuekZ.k

-5-

vke vkneh Ja`[kyk & 5

il BE BE <W
|E il BE BE <W =x { {x BE +x cx ScA
V MBE +l +iBE c BEi c * ]{BE BE BE +BE
30 x 30 00 (1' x 1') il ]{BE BE +BE 22.5 x 30 00
(9x12) BE c BEi c * ci cM BE BE il BE <V ABE
V c *
+ |E BE bW<x /]BDS <Vx u i BE Vx
ScA + BEx BE BE < BE M { BE c xc x
ScA* BE il <i cx {xx U 8 +l
10 B BE c BEi c + <xBE J BE BE 4 cx ScA *
J U BE +i {, MM, c 22.5 00 30 00( 9 12)
{, 6 BE U v Vi c * (U BE B + =xBE vx BE VMc
+n BE c BE A c, BcBE { fS BE bW<x BE +{F+
BE { ic {x BE Vx ScA)*
|E BE ]BDS bW<x BE BE{x Vi BE +BEi {
vx n Vx ScA *

BEE] gh
+ BE BE {xx BE x BE A BEE] gh BE +x{i
xi 1:1:3 cx ScA +li ABE M ], bf M ] i
+ (+vBEi 20 +BE) BE ix M * +SU BE BE gh
i BEx BE A <x ix O BE BEE] BD Vx
ScA + gh i BEx BE A {E {x <i BE Vx ScA *
BEx BE BE < i BE J Jx ScA BE i il { BE
ifk;ka, BE BE ]BE il < ic BE +x O xc cx ScA *
<A ] i +l BE xh ={M {c {x v x
ScA * ]BDS <Vx xh BE A |M BEA Vx BEE]
gh BE c n BEi c *

-6-

vke vkneh Ja`[kyk & 5

+ |E BE xh (BE + )
|E BE xh x ci c * {E]M BE + +<]b/
BE<xb +l {D] x BE xh {c BE Vi c + BE BE
xh ci, BE BE A {c MA MA |x BE S + ]M BE
Vi c * <BE n ]M BEE] BE gh b Vi c + =BE
+SU ic <] BE Vi c *
+i { {S U& nx BE n ]M BE c] n Vi c il BEE]
BE ic BE {x MM ABE {ic i< BE Vi c * i< BE +v
BE li { x BEM * M BE nx i< +{FBEi +vBE
+v BE A BE Vi c * BE xh BE A c |E +{x<
Vi c *

BE
BE BE xh bW<x BE +x MBE, +iBE, kBE +n
+BE BE V BEi c * |x (bW<x BE +x) BE i J
BEBE v Vi c (]BDS <Vx BE xn BE +x) , + =
BE n Vi c * >{ i BE xh BEi <x U BE {{i
{ +{ BEx ScA *
< i BE J J Vx ScA BE ]M +n BE i cx
ScA * ]M +SU ic v cx ScA iBE BEE] bi BDi
+l =BE n BEE] BE <] BEi c +M x c V *
BEE] BE Ui gh +ci-+ci Vx Sc + = +SU
ic <] BE Vx ScA iBE c JJ x c V * ]M BE
c]x BE n BE BE i n nx iBE i< BEx ScA * c i<
V] BE BE BE { vBE =xc M JBE BE V BEi c *

+ |E +i { MBE +l +iBE ci c * BE
A |x +SU ic U Vx ScA il <]BDx + VBDx {
BE BE l +SU ic v n Vx ScA* BE A +v il

-7-

vke vkneh Ja`[kyk & 5

M + S BE ]M vx BE Vx ScA* BE il BE
VBDx + <]BDx { <BE fo'ks"k J Jx ScA *
Ui BEE] gh BE +ci-+ci x ScA il = <]
BE Vx ScA * BE M BE ]M BE MM c {pc P] BE
i c] V BEi c * BEx i ]M BE xnx n
Snc nx BE i c] V BEi c * <xBE i< = ic c cM V
ic BE BE i< BE Vi c *
+BE]BD] +l <Vx BE +x { BE xMx xh BE
Vx ScA * + xh +SU ic i< BEx xh BE ABE J
P]BE c *
3. {D

BEx {D ({E) xx BE BE< iBE c * {{Mi { V BE, cS |n +n V n BE {c Fj BE BE {E xA


Vi c, Vlx {il BE {]] BE {E xA Vi c + {k
+i { BE {E xA Vi c * Vx V +SU BD] BE <]
={v ci c =x +M-+M xh {ri BE VA {E xA Vi
c* Ui BE lx O BE ={vi BE +x x< Vi c *

+ {D/{E
|i ] BEE] (+) {E/{E xh {ri BE "k
{ n BE c Fj +i { +{x Vi c * inx <
Sj&2 nJ M c *

BE ]<
BE n +l { b Vi c * ix S ] BE S<
BE ]< +i { Mc c ]] iBE ci c cBE
<BE ~BE-~BE ]< ]BDS <Vx BE bW<x BE +x cx
ScA *

-8-

vke vkneh Ja`[kyk & 5

BEE] gh
<i BE Vx EBE] gh xi 1:1:3 BE cx ScA
V BE < {iBE + |E xh BE + "kBE
BE +vx i V SBE c *

|x
BE A |x +i { 8 +l 10 B BE +BE BE c
BEi c + <xc nx n+ U Vi c * |x] U BE +BE
BEix c + =x {E BEix c < i BE xh ]BDS <Vx
u BE Vi c * BEx BE xh BE ci{h P]BE c <A
BEx BE BE BE M { BE c xc xx ScA *

+ BE xh
+ BE xh BE |E ]M + ]M Mx c
Vi c * <BE A +i { BE BE ]M BE Vi c cBE
BE +SU (xS) ic BE A c BE ]M BE c n Vi c *
]M BE M Vx { = +SU ic {E BE Vx ScA
il =BE >{ ic { iBE BE { BE n Vx ScA iBE
]M BE ic BEE] S{BEx x {A *
=BE n xn BE +x nx n+ |x U U< Vx ScA
il =xc c BE i +SU ic v n Vx ScA * |x BE
A BE ci ]M { BE +l BEE] BE BE J Vx ScA *
=BE n +{Fi ]< iBE BEE] Mi U< Vx ScA + =
{ ic <] BE Vx ScA iBE BEE] JJ x c VA *
BEE] BE >{ ic BE i< = Ux BE n +l ix nx BE i
BE n Vx ScA * BE +x i< n Snc nx iBE BE Vx
ScA * i< BE A ABE BE{ c c BE BE >{ ]] BE b
MBE Jx xBE =x {x n VA + {x BE Jx { =x
{E {x n Vx ScA* BEE] ic { V] BE M JBE
i< BE V BEi c *

-9-

vke vkneh Ja`[kyk & 5

BE M ]M 48 P] BE i c]< V BEi c * il{ xS


]M n Snc nx BE i c]< V BEi c* ]M gVkus ds
ckn Lysc BE xS ic BE c BE +SU ic {E BE
Vx ScA iBE =x { BE< -]] M x c VA *
BE xh BE { BE xMx c BE Vx ScA {E
BEx BE BE ScA BE c c nJ BE xh BE nx ic BE
Acii i V c c *
4. + |E BE x

+ |E BE <] BE n xBE +l +BE]BD] BE xh BE +x


+x x xh O xh xnx BE +x V BEi c *
c n BE +i { ]< ABE <] BE cx ScA (22.5 00)
VBE +n BE n BE ]< +v <] BE c BEi c (11.5 00) *
<x n nV, JBE il +x {EBDS BE A J VMc U
n Vx ScA *
5. f

f >{ fS BE ABE +x P]BE c * <xBE xh BEE] BE +l


c +n BE V BEi c * f BE BEU ci{h P]BE Sj- 4
nJA MA c *
BEx ABE V n V iBE +l ABE n {
+x-Vx BE A f BE xh BE Vi c* f BE xh <
i BE J J Vx ScA BE f Sfi + =ii {
-f BE lBE] x c * <BE P]BE BE S =Si +x{i cx ScA
V BE Sj nJ M c *
f BE xh BE< iBE BE V BEi c VBE lx, =q il
VMc BE ={vi +n V P]BE { x BEi c (Sj -3)* f BE
bW<x BE A BEU Mxn c nA V c c *
f = VMc x< Vx ScA Vc {{i { |BE il BE
S ci c * +i { f BE fx 250 il 400 BE S cx

- 10 -

-9-

vke vkneh Ja`[kyk & 5

ScA il =xBE S< BE BE


90 00 cx ScA * + il

F BE n`f"V ls gj ^jkbtj^ BE >S<


+ gj ^VsM^ dh S< ABE V cx
ScA + =xBE +x{i A cx
ScA BE =x { + Sf +
=i V BE * f BE bW<x
il xh BE A +BE]BD] BE c
{ ic + x ScA *

fVfidy ykbZV lhf<+;ka

f BE bW<x A cx ScA BE =x iBExBE +{F+ BE {i


ci c + =x xh BE F xSi ci c + xh ci BE
=Si xnb BE {x ci c *
6. ={c

Fi il l Vx{x BE o] BEx BE >{ fS BE xBD +


xh ci ci{h c * >{ fS BE xh BE BE lx O il
BE gBDi BE ={vi, Vn xh {ri +n { x ci c*
c c n Vi c BE BEx BE xBD +l xh { +BE]BD] il
]BDS <Vx BE c + VA *

- 11 -

izLrkouk
fuekZ.k lkexzh ,oa izkS|ksfxdh lao/kZu ifj"kn ch,eVhihlh dk
xBu lu~ 1990 esa ,d 'kh"kZLFk Lok;Rr laxBu ds :i esa vkokl
,oa 'kgjh x+jhch mi'keu ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj ds rRok/kku esa
fd;k x;kA bldk eq[; ms'; ykxr izHkkoh] i;kZoj.k vuqdwy
,oa tkZ n{k vfHkuo fuekZ.k lkefxz;ksa vkSj vkink izfrjks/kh
fuekZ.k izkS|ksfxfd;ksa ds iz;ksx'kkyk laca/kh fodkl vkSj foLr`r
Lrj ij QhYM vuqiz;ksx ds chp ds varj dks ikuk gSA

/;s;
ch,eVhihlh] vke vkneh ij fo'ks"k /;ku nsrs gq, vkink jks/kh
fuekZ.k lfgr lqfLFkj fuekZ.k lkefxz;ksa vkSj mfpr izkS|ksfxfd;ksa
rFkk iz.kkfy;ksa ds {ks= esa lHkh ds fy, fo'o Lrjh; ukWyst rFkk
fMeksaLVs'ku gc cusA

feku
vkokl ds lqfLFkj fodkl ds fy, LFkkuh; :i ls miyC/k
lkefxz;ksa lfgr laHkkfor ykxr izHkkoh] i;kZoj.k vuqdwy] vkink
jks/kh fuekZ.k lkefxz;ksa vkSj izkS|kSfxfd;ksa ds lao/kZu vkSj
iz;ksx'kkykvksa ls t+ehu rd buds varj.k ds fy, O;kid vkSj
,dhd`r n`f"Vdks.k cukus dh fn'kk esa dk;Z djuk gSA

vius iz'uksa ds fy, d`i;k]


dk;Zikyd funs'kd]

Hkou fuekZ.k lkexzh ,oa izkS|ksfxdh lao/kZu ifj"kn


vkokl ,oa 'kgjh x+jhch mi'keu ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj]
dksj % 5,] izFke ry] Hkkjr i;kZokl dsUnz] yks/kh ekxZ]
ubZ fnYYkh & 110 003
Vsyh % $91&11&24638096] QSDl % $91&11&24642849
bZ&esy % bmtpc@del2.vsnl.net.in
oSclkbV % www.bmtpc.org