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E. B.

NALDOZA Engineering Design


Registered in Dublin, Ireland (with Branch Office in Cavite, Philippines) Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE E: eddienaldoza@engineer.com W: www.eddienaldoza.com

Project Irish Cement Ltd. - Kiln 3 Cement Mill-Silos Structure Subject Design of Steel Beam at EL 56.40 Beam No. 192-195, 47 Calculated Checked Date E. Naldoza E. Naldoza 26/09/07

Ref. No. PB9729

Page of

DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED ROLLED STEEL I or H SECTION (Spreadsheet Calculation


Beam No. : 215-216 Gridlines : 6 / C-E
www.eddienaldoza.com)
Limited to Plastic Section & Major Axis Bending only)

(Developed by: Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE

Code / 1. Loadings : (Ultimate Loads) Clause Maximum Moment, Mx = 2 kN-m BS5950 Maximum Shear at Support,Fv = 3 kN Part 1 : Total Span, L = 700 mm 2000 / Load factor for Imposed Loads, f i = 1.5 2. Member Checks : 2.1 Trial Section

Point Load, P
Distance of point load from nearer support, ae

= = =

2 350 2

kN mm kN

Maximum Shear at Point Load or at Point of Maximum Moment, Fvc

127x76x13

UB

Steel Grade = S 275

From Member Capacity Tables (Blue Book) Moment Capacity, Mc = 0.00 kN-m 2.2 Section Properties : D = 127.0 mm b B = 76.00 mm d t = 4.00 mm Sx T = 7.60 mm Zx

= 38 mm = 96.60 mm 3 = 84 cm 3 = 75 cm

r = 7.60 mm Local Buckling Ratios : 2 E = 2.05E+05 N/mm b/T = 5.00 cm4 Ix = 473 d/t = 24.10 ry = 18.4 mm x = 16.3

2.3 Section Classification :


3.1.1 T < 16 mm 275 = 275 = 2 Table 9 Therefore; py = 275 N/mm py 275 3.5.2 For Rolled Section; Outstand Element of Compression Flange Table 11

= 1.00

Flange is Class 1 Plastic For Flange : b/T = 9 = 9 x 1.0 = 9.0 ; Actual b/T = 5.00 < 9.0 Web of an I-, H- or Box Section; Neutral Axis at Mid-depth For Web : d/t = 80 = 80 x 1.0 = 80.0 ; Actual d/t = 24.10 < 80.0 Web is Class 1 Plastic Therefore : Section is Class 1 Plastic 2.4 Check For Shear Buckling if : d/t > 70 70 = 70 x 1.00 = 70.0 ; Actual d/t = 24.10 < 70.0

(3.5.2-Table 11 b )

4.2.3

No need to check for Shear Buckling

4.2.3

2.5 Check For Shear Capacity : Fv or Fvc Pv 2 mm2 py = 275 N/mm ; Av = t D = 4.0 x 127.0 = 508 2 Pv = 0.6 py Av ; Pv = 0.6 x 275 N/mm x 508 mm2 = 83820

84 kN > 3.0 kN ; Adequate for Shear

4.2.5 2.6 Check For Moment Capacity : Mx Mcx 4.2.5.2/ Check for High/Low Shear (at point of Maximum Moment, Fvm) 4.2.5.3 Shear at point of Maximum Moment ; Fvc = 2 kN

Limiting Shear, Fve = 0.60 x Pv = 0.60 x

84

kN = 50.3 kN >

kN

Low Shear

For Low Shear (for Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact cross-sections) Mcx = py Sx = 275 N/mm x 84 cm = 23.2 kN-m >

2.0

kN-m ; Adequate for Flexure

4.2.5.1

2.7 Check Limit To Avoid Irreversible Deformation Under Serviceability Loads : For simply supported beam : Mcx 1.2 py Zx 2 3 Mcx = 1.2 x 275 N/mm x 75 cm 23.2 < 24.618 kN-m ; Adequate for Flexure

E. B. NALDOZA Engineering Design


Registered in Dublin, Ireland (with Branch Office in Cavite, Philippines) Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE E: eddienaldoza@engineer.com W: www.eddienaldoza.com

Project Irish Cement Ltd. - Kiln 3 Cement Mill-Silos Structure Subject Design of Steel Beam at EL 56.40 Beam No. 192-195, 47 Calculated Checked Date E. Naldoza E. Naldoza 26/09/07

Ref. No. PB9729

Page of

DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED ROLLED STEEL I or H SECTION (Spreadsheet Calculation


Beam No. : 215-216 Gridlines : 6 / C-E
www.eddienaldoza.com)
Limited to Plastic Section & Major Axis Bending only)

(Developed by: Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE

Part 1 : 2.8 Web Bearing and Buckling Under the Point Load :

2000 /
4.5.2.1

2.8.1 Bearing capacity of the unstiffened web : P Pb w ; Pb w = (b 1 + n k ) t py w b1 = t + 1.6r + 2T

; py w

= 275

N/mm2

= 31.4 mm ; n = 5 (not at the end of the member) ; k = T+r = 15.2 mm Pbw = [ 31.4 + ( 5 x 15.2 ) ] 4.0 x 275 = 118.1 kN > 2 kN
; Therefore Bearing Capacity of the unstiffened web under the point load is adequate

4.5.3.1

2.8.2 Buckling resistance of the unstiffened web : P P x ; Check if ; a e 0.7d ; a e is the distance from the load to the nearer end of the member = 350 mm 350 0.7 x 96.60 ; 350 > 67.6 mm ; Therefore 25 T 25 x 1.0 x 7.6 x 118.1 Px= Pbw ; P x= (b1 + nk ) d ( 31 + 5 x 15.2 ) x 96.60 P x = 220.33 kN > 2 kN
; Therefore Buckling Resistance of the unstiffened web under the point load is adequate

4.5.2.1

2.9 Web Bearing and Buckling at the Support : 2.9.1 Bearing capacity of the unstiffened web : Fv Pb w ; Pb w = (b 1 + n k ) t py w b1 = t + T + 0.8r - g

; py w

= 275

N/mm2

= 4.0 + 7.6 + 0.8 x 7.6 - 10 = 7.68 mm (properties of the supporting element ) n = 2 + 0.6b e /k 5 ; b e is the distance to the nearer end of the member from the end of the stiff bearing = 0 mm n = 2 + 0.6 x 0 / 15.2 = 2.0 < 5 ; Therefore use n = 2.0 ; k = T+r = 54.1 + 30.0 = 84.1 mm Pbw = [ 7.7 + ( 2.0 x 15.2 ) ] 4.0 x 275 = 41.9 kN > 3.0 kN
; Therefore Bearing Capacity of the unstiffened web at the support is adequate 4.5.3.1

2.9.2 Buckling resistance of the unstiffened web : Fv P x ; Check if ; a e 0.7d ; a e is the distance from the reaction to the nearer end of the member = 25 mm 25 0.7 x 96.60 ; 25 < 67.6 mm ; Therefore ae + 0.7d 25 T 25 x 1.0 x 7.6 x 41.9 25 + 67.6 x Px= Pbw ; P x= x 1.40 x 96.60 (b1 + nk ) d ( 7.7 + 2 x 84.1 ) x 96.60 1.4 d P x = 61.059 kN x > 3.0 kN 0.68 = 41.8 kN

; Therefore Buckling Resistance of the unstiffened web at the support is adequate 2.5.2

2.10 Serviceabilty Limit States : Deflection Check


The serviceability Loads are taken as unfactored imposed loads. In this case, as only ultimate loads are the available data, the unfactored imposed loads will be taken as Mc or P / f i conservatively, for simplicity; f i to be the load factor = 1.5

From Maximum Moment, Mc; wi = Unfactored Distributed Load wi Le2 8x 2 kN-m 8 Mc Mc = 1.5 ; wi = = = 2 1.5 Le2 8 1.5 x 0.7 m From Point Load P; W i = Unfactored Point Load P 2.1 P = 1.5 W i ; Wi = = = 1.4 kN 1.5 1.5 The total deflection is given by: Wi Le 5 wi Le4 = + 384 E I 48 EI 5 x 21.8 x 0.7 4 1.4 x 0.7 3 = + 384 x 2.E+05 x 473 48 x 2.E+05 x 473 ; Adequate for deflection = 0.081 mm < 3.89 mm

21.8

kN/m

Limits for calculated deflection (2.5.2 Table 8) for : Cantilever Allowable deflection, a Le 700 a = = = 180 180

3.89

mm

Therefore : 127x76x13
is Adequate, Adopt Section

UB

E. B. NALDOZA Engineering Design


Registered in Dublin, Ireland (with Branch Office in Cavite, Philippines) Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE E: eddienaldoza@engineer.com W: www.eddienaldoza.com

Project Irish Cement Ltd. - Kiln 3 Cement Mill-Silos Structure Subject Design of Steel Beam at EL 56.40 Beam No. 192-195, 47 Calculated Checked Date E. Naldoza E. Naldoza 26/09/07

Ref. No. PB9729

Page of

DESIGN OF SIMPLY SUPPORTED ROLLED STEEL I or H SECTION (Spreadsheet Calculation


Beam No. : 215-216
4.3.0

Gridlines :

C-E
www.eddienaldoza.com)

Limited to Plastic Section & Major Axis Bending only)

(Developed by: Eddie Naldoza, BSc MIES MPICE

2.11 Lateral Torsional Buckling : Mx Mb/m LT ;


Maximum Major axis Moment in the segment, Mx = Effective Length of the segment, L E

= 700 mm

2 38

kN-m ; /x = 38.0 / 16.3 = 2.3 ; = 0.5 (Equal flange) ; ; W = 1.0 LO ; v = 0.93 (Table 19)

4.3.6.7 4.3.6.8

=LE/ry = 700 / 18.4 = u = 0.9

(for Rolled I of Equal flange-4.3.6.8 )

(for Class 1 Plastic or Class 2 Compact Sections-4.3.6.9 )

Equivalent Slenderness

; LT = uvw

Limiting equivalent slenderness

LT = 0.9 x 0.93 x 38.0 x 1.0 = 32


B.2.2 Perry factor & Robertson constant

0.5 ; LO = 0.4( E /py) 0.5 = 0.4 x ( x 2.05E+05 / 275 ) = 34.31

LT
B.2.1

= 7.0 x ( 32 -

; LT = a LT(LT-LO)/1000 ; a LT = 7.0 34.31 )/ 1000 = -0 ; LT = p y +( LT +1)p E 2 = = 275 + ( -0 2


2

p E = E/ LT2 = x 2.05E+05 / 32
Bending Strength,

+ 1 ) 1980

pb =

= 1980 pE py

= 1111 N/mm2

1980 x 275 1111 + ( 1111 84200 - 1980 x 275 )


0.5

LT +( LT 2 -p E p y ) Mb = p b Sx

0.5

= 280

4.3.6.4

Buckling Resistance Moment;

= 280 x

= 23.606 kN-m

Uniform Moment Factor for Lateral Torsional Buckling (General case); m LT Moments at quarter points Moments at mid point

M2 = M4 =
Table 18

2 2

kN-m kN-m

M3 =

kN-m

m LT = 0.2 +

0.15M 2+0.5M 3+0.15M 4 0.15 x = 0.2 + Mx 24 kN-m > 2 kN-m

+ 0.50 x 2

+ 0.15 x

= 1.00

4.3.6.2

Mb
m LT

23.606 = 1.00

; Therefore Buckling Resistance Moment is Adequate

PB9729

r Axis Bending only)

kN quate for Shear

PB9729

r Axis Bending only)

N/mm2

N/mm2

mm

PB9729

r Axis Bending only)

(Table 19)

N/mm2