Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 42

A phpaepnt d ir x C e

B 1
Windows Command Reference
Programs Provided with Windows
This appendix lists all the programs installed by Windows Setup on the 32-bit versions of Windows 2000 Professional, Windows XP (Home Edition, Professional, and Media Center Edition), and Windows Vista (Home Basic, Home Premium, Business, Enterprise, and Ultimate), with all optional components installed. It also lists some programs installed by Windows Update and Automatic Updates. The purpose of this appendix is to help you identify programs that you find running in your Task Manager window, and to let you browse for interesting standard programs that you might not be aware of. The programs fall into several categories: Graphical User Interface (GUI) programs, such as Notepad and Internet Explorer. GUI programs are delivered as executable files with an .EXE filename extension. Command-line (console) utilities such as ping and dir. Most command-line programs are delivered as executable (.EXE and .COM) files, with the exception of a few script files (.VBS and .JS), and some built-in commands that are handled directly by the command prompt processor cmd.exe or command.com. Control Panel applets, screensavers, and Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snapins. The files have corresponding filename extensions: .SCR for screensavers, .MSC for MMC snap-ins, and .CPL for Control Panel applets. Components such as device drivers, Windows services, and programs used solely as helper components of other programs. These programs may have a filename extension that makes them look like standard programs, but they are not useful on their own. This appendix does not list the optional programs installed from the \TOOLS folder on the Windows Setup CD-ROM or DVD, although it does lists a few subcomponents of these tools that end up under your \windows folder. The tools themselves are listed in Appendix A, Windows Tool Reference.

B2

Appendix B

Windows Command Reference

Running Applications and Components


Applications can be started in the following ways: GUI and command-line programs can be run from shortcuts, from Windows Explorer, or, if they are in a folder listed in the PATH environment variable, by typing their name in the Start Menus Run dialog, or at the prompt in a Command Prompt window. On Windows Vista, you can also type a command name into the Start Menus search box, and in most cases, Windows will locate and run the program. Script files can be run by name, or can be forced to run in GUI or command-line mode with the wscript or cscript commands, respectively. For more information on scripting, see Chapter 9, Windows Commands and Scripting. MMC snap-ins can be run using the start command, for example
start compmgmt.msc

or by installing them into an MMC panel. On Windows XP and 2000, you can run an MMC snap-in with Administrator privileges by typing the command
runas /user:Administrator cmd /c xxxx.msc

On Windows Vista, you dont need to use runas, as the User Account Control prompt will appear if the snap-in requires administrative privileges. You just can type the snap-ins filename into the Start menus search box. Control Panel applets can be run from the Control Panel or from the command line, as in this example:
control timedate.cpl

On Windows 2000 and XP, you can run a Control Panel applet with Administrator privileges by typing the command
runas /user:Administrator control xxxx.cpl

Again, on Vista, runas is not needed. This technique does not work with ncpa.cpl, however, unless you have previously configured Windows Explorer to launch folder windows in separate processes, by checking this option in the Tools, Folder Options, View tab. If you are using runas, the option has to have been set while logged on to the account that you specify in the runas command.
x.scr /s

Device drivers and services cannot be run directly, but are managed by tools such as the Services MMC snap-in (services.msc) or the net start command-line utility. Some Windows services are packaged as .DLL files and are executed by the svchost.exe program. Services are discussed in Chapter 4.

Command-Line Syntax
To use a command-line utility, you have to know its particular command-line syntax; that is, you have to know how to add options, filenames, and other control information to the command line. To get help for a given commandlets call it xxxthere are four things to try, in this order: Search for xxx in the Windows Help and Support Center. Type xxx -? | more in a command prompt window.

Programs Provided with Windows


Type help xxx | more in a command prompt window. Perform a Google search for Windows command xxx.

Appendix B

B3

Note
The more command is used to keep text from scrolling out of view if theres more than one screen. If some text is displayed and then the printout stops, press the spacebar to display the next screen.

Theres no way to tell beforehand which one or more of these methods will work, so you should try all four. For more information on using command-line programs, see Chapter 9.

NOTE
On Windows Vista, most of the information for command line programs has been deleted from the Help and Support Center. Your best bet on Vista is to use the -? and help options, or use Internet sources, as discussed in Chapter 9. Alternately, look up help information on a computer running XP.

Legend
In the tables that follow, the Filename column lists the names of program files installed in the various standard Windows folders. The filenames extension indicates the type of program file.
Extension
.BAT .CMD .COM .CPL .EXE .JS .MSC .SCR .SYS .VBS .WSF

Description Batch file (a text file containing a sequence of commands) Batch file (alternate extension) MS-DOS executable program Control Panel applet (actually a dynamic link library loaded and used by control.exe) Windows GUI program, Windows command-line program, or MS-DOS program JavaScript script (a text file containing a program written in the JavaScript language) MMC snap-in (actually a dynamic link library or XML file meant to be loaded and used by mmc.exe) Screensaver (actually a standard Windows executable file) MS-DOS device driver VBScript script (a text file containing a program written in the VBScript language) Windows Script Host packaged script

The OS column indicates the operating system(s) with which the program comes.
OS 2 X V Operating System Versions Windows 2000 Professional Windows XP Home Edition, Professional, or Media Center Edition Windows Vista Home Basic, Home Premium, Business, Enterprise, or Ultimate

Not every version of these operating systems includes all the listed files, and the tables list files included only with the 32-bit versions of the operating systems. For instance WFS.EXE, Windows

B4

Appendix B

Windows Command Reference

Fax and Scan, is only found in the Ultimate, Enterprise, and Business editions of Vista. In addition, some files are installed only if you install optional Windows components (Turn Windows Features On or Off on Vista). The Type column indicates the general category into which the program falls.
Type CMD DOS drv GUI ndu SCR svc UNIX Description Command-line (console) program MS-DOS application or driver Windows device driver Graphical User Interface (windowed) application Not directly usable, meant to assist some other application Batch file, or script handled by Windows Script Host (cscript or wscript) Windows service (Services are discussed in Chapter 4) Services for UNIX-Based Applications application Directly Executable by the User? Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes

In the Description column, Source indicates the source of a program if it is not installed by Windows Setup. Some programs can have several alternative sources. For example, the .NET Framework may be installed by a Service Pack, Windows Update, a download from microsoft.com, or as part of a third-party application.
Filename
ACW.exe accwiz.exe actmovie.exe AdapterTroubleshooter.exe admin.exe adsutil.vbs agentsvr.exe agtcore.js agtscrp2.js agtscrpt.js ahui.exe alg.exe

OS V 2X 2X V 2X 2XV 2XV X X X X XV

Type GUI GUI ndu ndu ndu SCR ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu svc

Description Windows Guided Help Accessibility Wizard Direct Show setup tool Display troubleshooter FrontPage Server Extensions component Manages IIS server through ADSI (sample script) Microsoft Agent (animated assistant) component Component of out-of-box experience, initial setup wizard Windows help script component Component of out-of-box experience, initial setup wizard Application Compatibility Wizard component Application Layer Gateway ServiceProvides support for third-party protocol plug-ins for ICS and ICF ANSI screen driver for MS-DOS subsystem IIS Application Server admin tool Makes directories appear local (archaic) Microsoft .NET ClickOnce launch utility Used by Windows boot process

ansi.sys appcmd.exe append.exe AppLaunch.exe arcldr.exe

2XV V 2XV V 2

DOS CMD DOS ndu ndu

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
arcsetup.exe arp.exe arpidfix.exe aspnet_compiler.exe aspnet_regbrowsers.exe aspnet_regiis.exe

Appendix B

B5

OS 2 2XV X V V 2XV

Type ndu CMD ndu CMD CMD CMD

Description Used by Windows boot process Displays and edits ARP cache (TCP/IP) Windows Update component ASP.NET application compiler Adds data on web browsers to ASP.NET database Used to maintain correct linkage between different installed versions of .NET Framework and ASP.NET applications installed under IIS (source: .NET Framework) Associates MS SQL Server databases with ASP.NET applications Holds session state data for ASP.NET web-based applications (source: .NET Framework) ASP.NET runtime processCGI application that runs ASP.NET web-based applications on behalf of IIS (source: .NET Framework) ASP.NET setup component Automated System Recovery backup and restore Automated System Recovery Logical Disk manager Automated System Recovery component Schedules program to run automatically (obsolete) Supports Accessibility tools across Remote Desktop sessions Displays ATM Call Manager statistics Displays and sets file/folder attributes Windows Audio Converter, converts music files between different encoding formats (source: Standard on MCE, otherwise Plus! for Windows XP) Windows Audio Device Graph Isolation Windows setup component Audit Policy configuration tool Manages per-user audit policy settings FrontPage Server Extensions component (CGI application) Checks and repairs Windows File Systems Automates the file system conversion during reboots Batch file executed upon Windows startup Automates the file format process during reboots Used for formatting long filenames ActiveX Installer Service

aspnet_regsql.exe aspnet_state.exe aspnet_wp.exe

V 2XV 2XV

CMD svc ndu

aspnetca.exe asr_fmt.exe asr_ldm.exe asr_pfu.exe at.exe AtBroker.exe atmadm.exe attrib.exe audioconverter.exe

V X X X 2XV V 2X 2XV X

ndu CMD CMD ndu CMD ndu CMD CMD GUI

audiodg.exe audit.exe auditpol.exe auditusr.exe author.exe autochk.exe autoconv.exe autoexec.bat autofmt.exe autolfn.exe AxInstUI.exe

V V V X 2X 2XV 2XV XV 2XV 2X V

ndu ndu CMD CMD ndu ndu ndu DOS ndu ndu ndu

(continues)

B6

Appendix B
Filename
basename.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS V X V X V V V V X XV 2X 2X V V 2XV 2 Type UNIX ndu CMD GUI GUI CMD GUI CMD CMD CMD CMD CMD ndu ndu CMD ndu Description Strips paths from filename arguments Media Center Edition help component Windows boot configuration utility Internet Backgammon Boot File Servicing utility BitLocker Drive Preparation Tool (source: Windows Ultimate Extras) BitLocker Drive Encryption Wizard BITS (Windows Update downloader) configuration tool MSBLAST virus removal utility (installed by Windows Update) Modifies the BOOT.INI configuration file Boot acceptance application for Registry Notifies the system that startup was successful Network bridging setup component Bluetooth Uninstall Device Task Clears the command prompt window Service pack installation component, probably targeted at Windows 2000 Server rather than Pro Calculator accessory Sidebar gadget component Moviemaker import wizard ASP.NET Code Access Security Policy tool; sets security policy for ASP.NET applications (assemblies) (source: .NET Framework) Prints input files Win32 version of cat utility NetMeeting component, invokes Chat window Windows Update component (source: Vista SP1) MSN Connection Center installer CD Label Maker (source: Standard on MCE, otherwise Plus! for Windows XP) CD music player utility Certificate enrollment component Certificate request utility Certificate management tool Front Page Server Extensions configuration component Changes access on website folders (ADSI) Used on Windows Server only, terminal server management tool

basicfunctions.js bcdedit.exe bckgzm.exe bfsvc.exe BdeHdCfg.exe BitLockerWizard.exe bitsadmin.exe blastcln.exe bootcfg.exe bootok.exe bootvrfy.exe bridgeunattend.exe bthudtask.exe cacls.exe cafixweb.exe

calc.exe calendar.js CaptureWizard.exe caspol.exe

2XV V V 2XV

GUI ndu ndu CMD

cat.exe cat32.exe cb32.exe cbsra.exe cclitesetupui.exe cdlm.exe cdplayer.exe CertEnrollCtrl.exe certreq.exe certutil.exe cfgwiz.exe chaccess.vbs change.exe

V V 2X V V X 2 V V V 2X 2X XV

UNIX UNIX GUI ndu GUI GUI GUI ndu CMD CMD ndu SCR ndu

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
charmap.exe chcp.com Chess.exe chglogon.exe chgport.exe chgrp.exe chgusr.exe chkdsk.exe chkntfs.exe chkrzm.exe chmod.exe choice.exe chown.exe cidaemon.exe cintsetp.exe

Appendix B

B7

OS 2XV 2XV V XV XV V XV 2XV 2XV X V V V 2XV 2X

Type GUI CMD GUI ndu ndu UNIX ndu CMD CMD GUI UNIX CMD UNIX svc ndu

Description Character map Changes console code page Chess Titans game Works on Windows Server only; terminal server management tool Works on Windows Server only; terminal server management tool Changes file group membership Works on Windows server only; terminal server management tool Checks and repairs file system integrity Schedules automatic chkdsk at boot time Internet checkers game Changes file permissions Batch file tool: prompts for a single-character interactive response Changes file ownership Indexing service Input Method Editor (for example, Asian language input system) setup component (source: Windows Update) Encrypts and decrypts files and folders Indexing ServiceIndexes contents and properties of files on local and remote computers; provides rapid access to files through flexible querying language Appears to be involved in installing or updating national language drivers Cookie converter; Internet Explorer software update component (source: Windows Update) Disk Cleanup program SQL Server Client Network Utility Copies standard input to the clipboard (batch file tool) Clipboard viewermultiuser ClipBook Service, shares Clipboard across a network Sidebar gadget component .NET Framework utility Lists Java system packages IIS management script component Windows Cluster configuration tool IIS management script component

cipher.exe cisvc.exe

2XV 2XV

CMD svc

cjime.exe ckcnv.exe cleanmgr.exe cliconfg.exe clip.exe clipbrd.exe clipsrv.exe clock.js clrgc.exe clspack.exe clusftp.vbs cluster.exe clusweb.vbs

2 2X 2XV 2XV V 2X 2X V V 2 V 2 V

ndu ndu GUI GUI CMD GUI svc ndu CMD CMD ndu CMD ndu

(continues)

B8

Appendix B
Filename
cmd.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS 2XV Type CMD Description Command shell. Processes commands in batch files or typed into the Command Prompt window. This is the 32-bit Windows replacement for DOSs command.com, and it is a significant improvement. See Chapter 9 for more information. Credential (stored password) management tool Connection Manager Auto-Download Windows Connection Manager component Connection Manager Monitor Connection Manager profile installer Corrupted File Recovery component Color Management control panel Cluster configuration wizard for MS DTC MS-DOS command shell Component of several JS applications (source: Services for UNIX 3.5) Component of help center Compares files Enables and disables file and folder compression Opens the Computer Management MMC snap-in Set Program Access and Computer Defaults control panel COMREPL replicates one computers COM+ applications to one or more target computers Appears to repair COM object Registry database Service Pack update component Configures Windows Communication Foundation integration with COM+ applications NetMeeting application Lets you adjust .NET security, select trusted assemblies, or repair a managed application (source: .NET Framework) Input method editor User Account Control component Component of Remote Assistance Sidebar gadget component Restarts paused FTP server Starts the Control Panel Component of Windows tour Restarts paused IIS server Restarts paused web server

cmdkey.exe cmdl32.exe cmmgr32.exe cmmon32.exe cmstp.exe cofire.exe colorcpl.exe comclust.exe command.com common.js commonfunc.js comp.exe compact.exe CompMgmtLauncher.exe ComputerDefaults.exe comrepl.exe comrereg.exe comsdupd.exe ComSvcConfig.exe conf.exe configwizards.exe

V 2XV 2 2XV 2XV V V 2 2XV 2X X 2XV 2XV V V 2XV 2X X V 2X 2X

CMD ndu ndu ndu CMD ndu GUI GUI DOS ndu ndu CMD CMD GUI GUI CMD CMD ndu CMD GUI GUI

conime.exe consent.exe constants.js contacts.js contftp.vbs control.exe controls.js contsrv.vbs contweb.vbs

2XV V X V 2X 2XV X 2X 2X

GUI ndu ndu ndu SCR GUI ndu SCR SCR

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
convert.exe convlog.exe copy2gac.exe

Appendix B

B9

OS 2XV 2X X

Type CMD CMD CMD

Description Schedules conversion of volume from FAT to NTFS Converts IIS log files to various standard formats Copies .NET assemblies to the Global Assembly Cache to repair damaged installations (see Microsoft Knowledge Base article 827073) MSN Explorer component Locale driver for MS-DOS subsystem Copies files or folders Japanese Input Method Editor component Used on Windows Server only; terminal server management tool Sidebar gadget component Stored User Names and Passwords backup/restore wizard .NET Visual C# command-line compiler (source: .NET Framework) Windows Scripts Hostcommand-line version Starts C shell Client server runtime process 16-bit Windows compatibility component Alternative User Input Services service Sidebar gadget component Converts Resource file data to COFF objects (source: .NET Framework) Displays one or two persons dancing on the desktop, optionally to music (source: Standard on MCE, otherwise Plus! for Windows XP) Prints date and time Front Page Server Extensions component Displays and manages DCOM configuration Displays DDE shares on local or remote computer Some sort of networking component Debugs programs (archaic) Defragments a disk volume Text-to-speech component Shuts down removable disk during setup Device Properties Windows Disk Diagnostic User Resolver Disk defragmenter component Disk defragmenter component Disk defragmenter component Disk defragmenter system tool

copymar.exe country.sys cp.exe cplexe.exe cprofile.exe cpu.js credwiz.exe csc.exe cscript.exe csh.bat csrss.exe csrstub.exe ctfmon.exe currency.js cvtres.exe dancer.exe

X 2XV V 2X X V V 2XV 2XV V 2XV V XV V 2XV X

ndu DOS UNIX ndu ndu ndu GUI CMD CMD UNIX svc ndu svc ndu CMD GUI

date.exe davcdata.exe dcomcnfg.exe ddeshare.exe ddmprxy.exe debug.exe defrag.exe delttsul.exe DeviceEject.exe DeviceProperties.exe DFDWiz.exe dfrgfat.exe dfrgifc.exe dfrgntfs.exe dfrgui.exe

V X 2XV 2X 2 2XV XV 2 V V V 2XV V 2XV V

UNIX ndu GUI GUI ndu DOS CMD ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu GUI

(continues)

B10

Appendix B
Filename
dfsr.exe dfsvc.exe dialer.exe dialmgr.js diantz.exe digcore.exe digitalx.exe dirname.exe discover.exe diskcomp.com diskcopy.com diskpart.exe diskperf.exe diskraid.exe dispdiag.exe dispnode.vbs disptree.vbs dlglib.js dlimport.exe dllhost.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS V V 2XV X 2XV X V V 2 2XV 2XV XV 2XV V V 2X 2X X X 2XV Type svc ndu GUI ndu CMD GUI GUI UNIX GUI DOS DOS CMD CMD CMD CMD SCR SCR ndu ndu svc Description Distributed File System Replication service .NET framework ClickOnce component Phone dialer for TAPI/Internet telephony Component of out-of-box experience, initial setup wizard Cabinet file maker, same as makecab MSN photo email component installer Digital Locker Assistant Prints path part of filename arguments Launcher for CD-based Discover Windows 2000 tour Compares two floppy disks Copies a floppy disk Manages disk partitions Starts physical disk performance counters (obsolete) Configures RAID disk drives Extracts graphic adapter data for diagnostic purposes Displays properties of IIS objects (ADSI) Displays IIS information objects (ADSI) Component of help center Windows Media Player component Runs a COM object as a service. Used to run the DCOM/COM+ System Application service and other services. DCOM/COM+ Server Host with 3GB support Logical Disk Manager Administrative Service configures hard disk drives and volumes. The service only runs for configuration processes and then stops. Part of disk management system Network setup component Sidebar gadget component Provides command-line aliases and editing extensions DOS Extender, loaded in AUTOEXEC.NT Installation program for .NET Framework (source: download, Windows Update, or application installer) Protected content encryption key management component DPI Scaling control panel

dllhst3g.exe dmadmin.exe

2XV 2X

svc svc

dmremote.exe dnscacheugc.exe docked.js doskey.exe dosx.exe dotnetfx.exe

2X V V 2XV 2XV 2X

ndu ndu ndu CMD DOS GUI

dpapimig.exe DpiScaling.exe

V V

ndu GUI

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
dplaysvr.exe dpnsvr.exe dpvsetup.exe driverquery.exe drmupgds.exe drvinst.exe drvqry.exe drwatson.exe drwtsn32.exe dslmain.js dtcsetup.exe dumprep.exe DVDMaker.exe dvdplay.exe dvdupgrd.exe dvdupgrd.js dw.exe dw15.exe dw20.exe dwm.exe dwwin.exe dxdiag.exe edit.com edlin.exe efsui.exe egrep.exe ehexthost.exe ehmsas.exe ehprivjob.exe ehrec.exe ehrecvr.exe ehsched.exe ehshell.exe ehtray.exe

Appendix B

B11

OS 2XV XV X XV X V X 2XV 2X X 2 X V 2XV XV X X 2 V V XV 2XV 2XV 2XV V V V XV V XV XV XV XV XV

Type ndu ndu ndu CMD ndu ndu CMD GUI GUI ndu GUI GUI GUI GUI GUI ndu ndu GUI GUI ndu GUI GUI DOS DOS CMP UNIX CMP ndu ndu svc ndu svc GUI GUI

Description Direct Play Helper Direct Play networking component Direct Play component Lists installed device drivers Windows Media Player upgrade component Driver Installation component Installed as driverquery.exe Dr. Watson for Win16 programs Dr. Watson viewer and configuration manager Component of out-of-box experience, initial setup wizard Installs the Microsoft Distributed Transaction Coordinator (MS DTC) Wizard that offers to submit crash (blue screen) dumps to Microsoft Windows DVD Maker Windows DVD player Detects and installs updated DVD decoders Component of help center MSN Explorer component Error reporter; run when IE crashes (source: Windows Update) .NET Framework 2.0 error reporting component Desktop Window Manager Dr. Watson for Windows DirectX diagnostics Edits text files Edits text files (primeval) Encrypted File System component String search utility Windows Media Center component Windows Media Center component; notifies other components of media center events Windows Media Center setup component Windows Media Center Receiver service Windows Media Center component Windows Media Center Scheduler service Media Center main screen display (Start screen) Media Center task tray applet

(continues)

B12

Appendix B
Filename
ehvid.exe encinst.exe error.js esentutl.exe etfsboot.com eudcedit.exe evcreate.exe eventcreate.exe eventquery.vbs events.js

Windows Command Reference


OS V 2 X 2XV V 2XV X XV X X X 2XV 2XV 2XV X X X 2XV V 2 2XV 2XV 2X 2XV X 2 2 2 2XV V X V 2XV V 2X Type ndu ndu ndu CMD ndu GUI CMD CMD SCR ndu CMD GUI CMD GUI SCR CMD ndu DOS CMD ndu GUI GUI CMD DOS ndu GUI GUI svc CMD UNIX CMD UNIX CMD CMD SCR Description Windows Media Center Video Analysis component Windows Installer component Component of out-of-box experience, initial setup wizard MS database utility Boot system component Private character editor Writes an event to the event log from the command line Adds an event to the event log Lists events from the event log Component of Windows tour Displays and configures event triggers Launches Event Viewer (opens eventvwr.msc) Translates events into SNMP traps Configures event to SNMP trap mapping Installed as eventquery.vbs Installed as eventtriggers.exe Used on Windows server only; server management tool Converts .EXE to .COM file (archaic) Cabinet file expansion Utility Internet Explorer update component used only on Windows 2000 (source: Windows Update) Windows Explorer CAB File extraction utility; not very user friendly Extracts files from Microsoft .CAB files (source: Win2000 reskit, support\tools) Does nothing, provided for compatibility with old versions of DOS and Windows Fax service component Fax queue manager Send Fax Wizard Fax service Compares files String search utility Install data collector; may be installed with beta releases of Microsoft software File utility Finds text in files Sting search utility Locates virtual websites on IIS computers

eventtriggers.exe eventvwr.exe evntcmd.exe evntwin.exe evtquery.vbs evtrig.exe exch_regtrace.exe exe2bin.exe expand.exe expinst.exe explorer.exe extrac32.exe extract.exe fastopen.exe faxpatch.exe faxqueue.exe faxsend.exe faxsvc.exe fc.exe fgrep.exe filecoll.exe fileinfo.exe find.exe findstr.exe findweb.vbs

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
finger.exe FirewallControlPanel.exe FirewallSettings.exe fixmapi.exe flattemp.exe FlickLearningWizard.exe fltmc.exe fontview.exe forcedos.exe forfiles.exe format.com fortutil.exe fp98sadm.exe fp98swin.exe fpadmcgi.exe fpcount.exe fpremadm.exe fpsrvadm.exe fpsrvwin.exe freecell.exe fsquirt.exe fsutil.exe ftp.exe ftpqfe.exe fvenotify.exe fveupdate.exe fxsclnt.exe fxscover.exe fxssend.exe fxssvc.exe

Appendix B

B13

OS 2XV V V 2XV X V XV 2XV 2X V 2XV 2 2X 2X 2X 2X 2X 2X 2X 2XV XV XV 2XV 2 V V X XV X XV

Type CMD GUI GUI ndu ndu GUI CMD GUI DOS CMD CMD CMD GUI GUI ndu ndu CMD CMD GUI GUI GUI CMD CMD ndu ndu ndu GUI GUI GUI svc

Description Displays information about a user (UNIX) Windows Firewall control panel Windows Firewall Settings dialog Part of Windows/IE/Outlook installation Used on Windows Server only; terminal server management tool Pen Flicks Training program Displays, adds, removes file system minifilter drivers (source: Windows XP SP2) Displays fonts in a font file Runs a program in the MS-DOS environment Executes a command on selected files Formats fixed or removable disk Fortezza security setup utility Obsolete Obsolete FrontPage Server Extensions component FrontPage Server Extensions component FrontPage Server remote administration Configures FrontPage Server Extensions ver. 4.0 Obsolete Popular Windows game Bluetooth file transfer utility Manages the Windows file system File transfer protocol Not sure; probably involved in installation of Windows patches BitLocker drive encryption component BitLocker drive encryption component Fax console Fax cover page editor Send Fax Wizard Fax serviceenables you to send and receive faxes, utilizing fax resources available on this computer or on the network Microsoft Fax setup component Appears to trick Windows into installing a game controller (joystick) without the hardware present Gathers network diagnostic information Gathers network diagnostic information Graphic device interface (a fundamental part of Windows)

FXSUNATD.exe gameenum.exe gatherWiredInfo.vbs gatherWirelessInfo.vbs gdi.exe

V 2 V V 2XV

ndu CMD SCR SCR ndu

(continues)

B14

Appendix B
Filename
getmac.exe gpresult.exe gprslt.exe gpscript.exe gpupdate.exe graftabl.com graphics.com grep.exe grpconv.exe hdwwiz.exe head.exe Hearts.exe help.exe helpctr.exe helphost.exe HelpPane.exe helpsvc.exe hh.exe hidserv.exe hilite.js himem.sys HoldEm.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS V V X V XV 2XV 2XV V 2XV V V V 2XV X X V X 2XV 2 X 2XV V X X X 2XV X X 2 X 2X V V V X Type CMD CMD CMD CMD CMD DOS DOS UNIX GUI GUI UNIX GUI CMD GUI ndu ndu ndu GUI ndu ndu DOS GUI ndu ndu ndu CMD GUI ndu ndu GUI GUI ndu CMD ndu ndu Description Displays network adapter information Computes Resulting Set of Policy Computes Resulting Set of Policy Group Policy configuration tool Forces update of local and Group Policy settings Enables display of graphics characters in MSDOS environment Loads graphics printer driver (obsolete) String search utility Program Manager Group converter Add Hardware Wizard Displays first few lines of a file Hearts game Displays command-line program usage information Help and Support center GUI Help and Support center component Help and Support center component Help and Support center component HTML Help USB audio device support service Media Center Edition help component Memory driver for MS-DOS subsystem Texas Hold-Em game (source: Windows Ultimate Extras) Component of help center Component of help center Component of help center Displays the local computers TCP/IP hostname Internet Hearts Help and Support center component FrontPage Extensions componentCERN format image map processor HTML Slide Show Wizard power toy (source: PowerToys for XP download) Serial/Telnet terminal emulator IIS component Tool that edits, saves, and restores file access permissions Windows CardSpace component Component of out-of-box experience; initial setup wizard

homepage__desktop.js homepage__server.js homepage__shared.js hostname.exe hrtzzm.exe hscupd.exe htimage.exe htmlgen.exe hypertrm.exe iashost.exe icacls.exe icardagt.exe iconnect.js

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
icsmgr.js icsunattend.exe icwconn1.exe icwconn2.exe icwrmind.exe icwtutor.exe idriver.exe idriver2.exe ie4uinit.exe ie6setup.exe iedw.exe ieexec.exe

Appendix B

B15

OS X V 2X 2X 2X 2X 2X 2X 2XV 2 XV 2XV

Type ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu GUI ndu ndu

Description Component of out-of-box experience; initial setup wizard Internet Connection Sharing setup component Internet Connection Wizard component Internet Connection Wizard component Internet Connection Wizard component Internet Connection Wizard tutorial InstallShield application installer component InstallShield application installer component IE5 Per-User setup tool Internet Explorer update, setup, and configuration tool (source: Windows Update) Internet Explorer crash-detection component .NET application launcher; responsible for downloading and running .NET applications started from Internet Explorer or Windows Explorer (source: .NET Framework) Internet Explorer setup component IE 7 uninstall component Customize This Folder Wizard; lets user specify display options for Active Desktop view of a folder IE 7 setup component Internet Explorer setup component Internet Explorer component Internet Explorer Creates simple Install applications Media Center Edition help component Media Center Edition help component IIS admin script component Manages IIS server IIS component IIS Setup IIS administration batch file IIS administration script Replicates IIS configuration across a server cluster .NET Intermediate Language command-line assembler (source: .NET Framework) Front Page Extensions componentNCSA format image map processor Scanners and Cameras control panel IMAPI CD-Burning COM service and Image Mastering API (CD-Burning COM component)

ieinstal.exe iereseticons.exe ieshwiz.exe

V X 2

ndu ndu GUI

ieudinit.exe ieUnatt.exe ieuser.exe iexplore.exe iexpress.exe iframecontentfocus.js iframescrolling.js IIsExt.vbs iisreset.exe iisrstas.exe iissetup.exe iisswtch.bat iisswtch.vbs iissync.exe ilasm.exe imagemap.exe ImagingDevices.exe imapi.exe

X V V 2XV 2XV X X V 2XV 2XV V V V 2X 2XV 2 V X

ndu ndu ndu GUI GUI ndu ndu ndu CMD ndu CMD SCR SCR CMD CMD ndu GUI svc

(continues)

B16

Appendix B
Filename
IMCCPHR.exe imejpmgr.exe imejpmig.exe imejpuex.exe imekrmig.exe imepadsv.exe imjpdadm.exe imjpdct.exe imjpdsvr.exe imjpinst.exe IMJPMGR.EXE imjpmig.exe imjppdmg.exe imjprw.exe imjpuex.exe imjpuexc.exe imjputy.exe imkrinst.exe imscinst.exe IMSCPROP.exe IMTCPROP.exe inetin51.exe inetinfo.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS V 2 2 2 X XV XV XV XV X V X V X XV V X X X V V X 2XV Type ndu drv ndu drv ndu ndu ndu GUI ndu ndu GUI ndu ndu ndu GUI CMD ndu ndu ndu GUI ndu svc svc Description User-defined Phrase tool for Pinyin (Chinese) input Japanese Input Method Editor (IME) component Japanese IME utility Japanese IMEcomponent Korean IME component Korean IME component Japenese IME dictionary setup tool Japanese IME dictionary tool Japanese IME component Japanese IME component Japanese IME component Japanese IME component Japanese IME component Japanese IME component Japanese IME Properties dialog Japanese IME Properties command-line configuration tool Japanese Input Method Editor component Korean Input Method Editor installation component Chinese Input Method editor installation component Microsoft Pinyin IME Options dialog Microsoft Phonetic Chinese IME component Installed as inetinfo.exe, see next entry IIS services component; provides the IIS Admin, FTP Publishing, Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), and World Wide Web Publishing services Launches Internet Information Services MMC management panel IIS Admin Program (V6 compatible) Internet Connection Wizard Windows Setup component Windows CardSpace service InkBall game Handwriting Recognition Error Reporting Wizard for pen computing Input Personalization Server .NET Framework Installer tool, runs installer components in .NET assemblies (source: .NET Framework) Locale-selection tasktray tool

inetmgr.exe InetMgr6.exe inetwiz.exe InfDefaultInstall.exe infocard.exe inkball.exe InkWatson.exe InputPersonalization.exe installutil.exe

2XV V 2X V V V V V 2XV

GUI GUI GUI ndu svc GUI GUI ndu CMD

internat.exe

GUI

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
ipconfig.exe ipsec6.exe ipsecmon.exe IpsOptInSrv.exe ipv6.exe ipxroute.exe irftp.exe irmon.exe iscsicli.exe iscsicpl.exe isignup.exe isptype.js jdbgmgr.exe Journal.exe jsc.exe jview.exe kb16.com keyboard.sys kodakimg.exe kodakprv.exe krnl386.exe ksh.bat ktmutil.exe label.exe lhmstsc.exe library.js lights.exe ln.exe lnkstub.exe loadfix.com loadmxf.exe localization.js localizedStrings.js locator.exe

Appendix B

B17

OS 2XV X 2 V X 2X 2XV 2 V V 2X X 2 V 2XV 2 2XV 2X 2 2 2XV V V 2XV X V 2X V 2XV 2XV V V V 2XV

Type CMD CMD GUI GUI CMD CMD GUI svc CMD GUI ndu ndu GUI GUI CMD CMD DOS DOS GUI GUI ndu UNIX CMD CMD GUI ndu ndu UNIX ndu DOS GUI ndu ndu svc

Description Displays TCP/IP configuration and manage DHCP leases IPSec over IPv6 Security Configuration IPSec status monitor Input Personalization Opt-In dialog IPv6 Installer/configuration tool Displays and edits TCP/IP routing table Wireless Link (IRDA infrared) file transfer wizard Infrared Port Monitor service iSCSI discovery tool iSCSI Initiator control panel Internet Connection Wizard component Component of out-of-box experience, initial setup wizard Microsoft debugger for Java 4 (not a virus!) Windows Journal .NET JScript command-line compiler (source: .NET Framework) Command-line loader for Java Keyboard code set configuration (formerly
KEYB.COM)

Locale driver for MS-DOS subsystem Imaging for Windows graphics file view/scan/scale utility Imaging for Windows graphics file preview utility Windows kernel API Opens Korn shell Kernel Transaction Management utility Sets the volume label on a disk or mount point Remote Desktop Client 6.0 (source: Windows Update or XP SP3, also installed as mstsc.exe) Sidebar gadget component Connection status light display SUA Utility Stands in for obsolete Win 98/Me component and warns of incompatibility Runs a program above the first 64KB of memory Windows Media Center MXF Loader Sidebar gadget component Sidebar gadget component Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locatormanages the RPC name service database

(continues)

B18

Appendix B
Filename
lodctr.exe logagent.exe logenum.js logenum.vbs login.cmd logman.exe logoff.exe logonui.exe lpksetup.exe lpq.exe lpr.exe lpremove.exe ls.exe lsass.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS 2XV 2XV 2X 2X 2XV XV Type CMD ndu SCR SCR CMD CMD Description Installs, backs up, or restores performance counter definitions Windows Media Player component Sample IIS management script Sample IIS management script Telnet server login script Schedules automatic collection of performance information Logs off from Windows (source: Win2000 reskit, standard on XP and Vista) Part of logon screen Install or Uninstall Display Languages Wizard Displays printer queue (UNIX) Prints a file (UNIX) MUI language pack cleanup Lists folder contents Local and Network Security service. Provides IPSEC, NetLogon, NTLM, Protected Storage and Security Accounts Manager (SAM) services Local Session Manager service Magnifies the current screen Mahjong Titans game Configures ADO.NET to use apartment threading model Makes cabinet files from files specified on the command line Configures ADO.NET to use free threading model BitLocker management script Windows Mobility Center control panel Media Center component Windows Media Center component Media Center setup component Media Center component Media Center component Machine Debug Manager Memory diagnostics component Memory diagnostics component Empty file in Home, Pro installations Windows Media Center component Displays free memory in MS-DOS subsystem Memory diagnostic

[2]XV CMD XV V 2XV 2XV V V 2XV ndu GUI CMD CMD CMD UNIX svc

lsm.exe magnify.exe Mahjong.exe makapt15.bat makecab.exe makfre15.bat manage-bde.wsf mblctr.exe mcbuilder.exe mcrmgr.exe mcspad.exe mcupdate.exe Mcx2Prov.exe mdm.exe MdRes.exe MdSched.exe medctrro.cmd medctrro.exe mem.exe memtest.exe

V 2XV V 2 2XV 2 V V V XV V V V 2 V V X X 2XV V

svc GUI GUI CMD CMD CMD SCR GUI ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu DOS ndu

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
metaback.js metaback.vbs metabackrest.js metabackrest.vbs mfpmp.exe MigAutoPlay.exe mighost.exe migisol.exe migload.exe migpol.exe migpolwin.exe migpwd.exe migrate.exe migrate.js migregdb.exe MigSetup.exe migwiz.exe migwiz_a.exe MineSweeper.exe mkdir.exe mkftpdir.vbs mkw3site.vbs

Appendix B

B19

OS 2X 2X 2X 2X V V V 2X X 2 2 2X X X 2XV V XV X V V X 2

Type SCR SCR SCR SCR ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu GUI ndu GUI UNIX SCR SCR

Description Sample IIS management script Sample IIS management script Sample IIS management script Sample IIS management script Media Player component Windows Easy Transfer component Windows Easy Transfer component Part of Windows 9x-to-Windows 2000 upgrade process Files and Settings Transfer Wizard subcomponent .NET Framework updating component (source: Windows Update) .NET Framework updating component (source: Windows Update) Files and Settings Transfer Wizard component Part of Windows Media Player installer, updates settings from older versions Component of out-of-box experience, initial setup wizard Windows install/update component Windows Easy Transfer component Files and Settings Transfer Wizard Files and Settings Transfer Wizard component Minesweeper game Creates folders Sample IIS management script Creates a new IIS virtual web server, but doesnt let you avoid one server limit on Windows 2000 Pro Creates a virtual directory in a website See mkw3site.vbs See mkw3site.vbs Microsoft Management Console Generates native (faster) versions of MMC 3.0 snap-ins. (source: XP SP3 or MMC 3.0 download) NetMeeting Remote Desktop Sharing Service Synchronization manager/wizard Configures port, display, and keyboard settings Web Based Enterprise Management (WBEM) database MOF compiler Displays text one page at a time

mkwebdir.vbs mkwebsrv.js mkwebsrv.vbs mmc.exe mmcperf.exe

2X 2 2 2XV X

SCR SCR SCR GUI CMD

mnmsrvc.exe mobsync.exe mode.com mofcomp.exe more.com

2X 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV

svc GUI DOS CMD CMD

(continues)

B20

Appendix B
Filename
more.exe mount.exe mountvol.exe mousetut.js movefocus.js moviemk.exe MpCmdRun.exe mplay32.exe mplayer2.exe mpnotify.exe mq1sync.exe mqbkup.exe mqexchng.exe mqmig.exe mqsvc.exe mqtgsvc.exe mrinfo.exe mrt.exe MSASCui.exe MSBuild.exe mscdexnt.exe msconfig.exe mscorsvw.exe msdt.exe msdtc.exe msdtcvtr.bat msfeedssync.exe msg.exe mshearts.exe mshta.exe msiexec.exe msimn.exe msinfo32.exe msiregmv.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS V V 2XV X X XV V 2X 2X 2XV 2 2XV 2 2 2XV XV 2XV XV V V 2XV XV V V 2XV XV XV XV X 2XV 2XV 2X 2XV 2X Type UNIX CMD CMD ndu ndu GUI CMD GUI GUI ndu ndu CMD ndu ndu svc svc CMD GUI GUI CMD DOS ndu svc GUI svc CMD ndu CMD GUI ndu svc GUI GUI ndu Description Displays text one page at a time Client for NFS export/share mount utility Creates, deletes, and lists volume mount points Component of out-of-box experience, initial setup wizard Media Center Edition help component Windows Movie Maker Windows Defender configuration tool MS Media Player Windows Media Player version 6 Multiple Provider Notification application Microsoft Message Queue Service component MS Message Queue Backup and Restore Utility MSMQ setup tool for Windows 2000 Server only Used by Windows upgrade process to migrate Microsoft Message Queue (MSMQ) data MS Message Queueing Service Message Queuing Service Triggers Service component Multicast routing using SNMP Microsoft Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool Windows Defender scan/configure display Project build utility MS CD Extensions, loaded in AUTOEXEC.NT Help and Support center component .NET Runtime Native Image Generation/Optimization service Microsoft Support Diagnostic Tool Distributed Transaction Coordinator Service Distributed Transaction Coordinator debugging script Microsoft Feeds Synchronization (IE 7 component) Sends a message to another user Hearts game HTML Application Host Windows Installer service Outlook Express System Information utilityGUI version Used to update Microsoft Installer data for applications installed under MSI version 1.1

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
msmqprop.exe msmsgs.exe msmsgsin.exe msn6.exe msncli.exe msnsusii.exe msnunin.exe msoobe.exe mspaint.exe msra.exe msscrdbg.exe msswchx.exe mstask.exe mstinit.exe mstsc.exe mtedit.exe mtstocom.exe

Appendix B

B21

OS 2 X X X X X X XV 2XV V 2X 2X 2 2X XV V 2XV

Type ndu GUI ndu GUI GUI GUI ndu GUI GUI GUI GUI ndu svc ndu GUI GUI ndu

Description Used by Windows 2000 SP3 installer to update MSMQ registry values Windows Messenger MS Messenger component MSN Explorer MSN browser installer MSN browser installer wizard MSN Explorer uninstaller Windows Activation Wizard Paint accessory Windows Remote Assistance Microsoft Script Debugger (source: Windows Update or download) Subcomponent of On-Screen Keyboard Windows task scheduler service Task scheduler setup, installs scheduled maintenance items Terminal Services Client (Remote Desktop) (source: \add-ons\tsclient\mstsc) Group Policy Migration Table Editor Used by Windows upgrade process to migrate Microsoft Transaction Server (MTS) data to COM+ Multilingual User Interface (MUI) setup component MUI setup component Internet Explorer update/uninstall component (source: Windows Update) Moves and renames files IBM Mwave modem driver management utility IBM Mwave modem driver management utility Displays copyright notice for IBM Mwave modem driver IBM Mwave modem driver configuration utility IBM Mwave modem service IBM Mwave modem driver installer for Windows 9x IBM mwave modem utility IBM mwave modem utility Network Access Protection taskbar tool (comes with SP3 for XP) Onscreen narrator Displays NetBIOS-over-TCP/IP statistics and name tables

muisetup.exe MuiUnattend.exe muninst.exe mv.exe mwcload.exe mwcloadw.exe mwcpyrt.exe mwcsw32.exe mwmdmsvc.exe mwrcov16.exe mwremind.exe mwssw32.exe napstat.exe narrator.exe nbtstat.exe

X V 2 V 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 XV 2XV 2XV

ndu ndu ndu UNIX CMD CMD GUI GUI svc ndu GUI ndu GUI GUI CMD

(continues)

B22

Appendix B
Filename
nddeapir.exe net.exe net1.exe netbtugc.exe netcfg.exe netdde.exe netfxsbs10.exe netfxupdate.exe netiougc.exe Netplwiz.exe NetProj.exe netsetup.exe netsh.exe netstat.exe newdev.exe nfsadmin.exe nfsclnt.exe ngen.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS 2X 2XV 2XV V V 2X 2V X V V V X 2XV 2XV V V V 2XV Type ndu CMD ndu ndu CMD svc ndu ndu ndu GUI GUI GUI CMD CMD ndu CMD svc CMD Description NDDE API server side Networking management utility Part of NET command Network setup component WinPE (Windows Setup) network installer component Network DDE and Network DDE DSDM services .NET Framework software update component (source: Windows Update) .NET Framework software update component (source: .NET Framework) Network setup component Windows 2000style User Accounts control panel (run by control userpasswords2) Connect to a Network Projector Network setup wizard Network configuration utility Displays current TCP/IP connections and open sockets Device driver installer component Services for NFS administration utility Client for NFS service .NET Native Image Generator; creates and caches native-code versions of .NET assemblies (source: .NET Framework) Loads country/region information Notepad accessory Sidebar gadget component Help and Support Center component Network Monitor data gathering agent Query DNS servers Backs up and restores files Used by Windows boot process Active Directory database maintenance utility Windows NT kernel component Kernel patch Windows NT kernel component Core NT kernel Printer driver installer component System-level debugger MS-DOS Virtual Machine environment Netware 16-bit Redirector, loaded in
AUTOEXEC.NT

nlsfunc.exe notepad.exe notes.js notiflag.exe nppagent.exe nslookup.exe ntbackup.exe ntdetect.com ntdsutil.exe ntkrnlmp.exe ntkrnlpa.exe ntkrpamp.exe ntoskrnl.exe ntprint.exe ntsd.exe ntvdm.exe nw16.exe

2XV 2XV V X 2X 2XV 2X 2X 2 2X 2XV 2X 2XV V 2X 2XV 2X

DOS GUI ndu ndu ndu CMD GUI ndu CMD ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu CMD ndu DOS

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
nwscript.exe ocsetup.exe odbcad32.exe odbcconf.exe oemig50.exe oeuninst.exe onlinesetup.cmd oobebaln.exe oobeldr.exe oobeutil.js openfiles.exe opnfiles.exe OptionalFeatures.exe os2.exe os2srv.exe os2ss.exe oschoice.exe ose.exe osk.exe osloader.exe osuninst.exe p2phost.exe packager.exe pagefileconfig.vbs partymode.exe

Appendix B

B23

OS 2X V 2XV 2XV 2X 2 V X V X XV X V 2 2 2 X

Type CMD CMD GUI CMD ndu ndu CMD ndu GUI ndu CMD CMD GUI ndu ndu ndu ndu

Description Runs NetWare logon scripts Windows Optional Component Setup command line utility Data sources (ODBC 32-bit Administrator) ODBC database driver and data source configuration Outlook Express component Outlook Express uninstaller component (source: Windows Update) Windows setup remnant Component of out-of-box experience; initial setup wizard Windows setup component Component of out-of-box experience; initial setup wizard Displays files in use by local processes or network users (Installed as openfiles.exe Windows Features (Turn Windows Features On or Off) control panel OS/2 subsystem component OS/2 subsystem component OS/2 subsystem component Boot loader version; may be installed instead of ntldr on boot drive Office source engine, processes updates and repairs for Microsoft Office, if installed Onscreen keyboard Used by Windows boot process Uninstalls Windows XP People Near Me Object Packager; lets you embed objects into documents Manages the system virtual memory page file Turns computer into a jukebox that can access music content but not other files (source: Standard on MCE, otherwise Plus! for Windows XP) Tests TCP/IP connectivity Pauses FTP service Pauses IIS server Pauses web server UNIX file archiving utility Program Compatibility Assistant component

[2XV] svc 2XV 2X X V 2X X X GUI ndu GUI GUI GUI SCR GUI

pathping.exe pauseftp.vbs pausesrv.vbs pauseweb.vbs pax.exe pcaelv.exe

2XV 2X 2X 2X 2 V

CMD SCR SCR SCR CMD ndu

(continues)

B24

Appendix B
Filename
pcalua.exe pcaui.exe PDIALOG.exe pentnt.exe PenTraining.exe perfmon.exe perfvd.exe phime.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS V V V 2X V 2XV 2 2 V 2X X 2XV X X V V V V V V 2V X XV V V V V 2XV V V V V V XV XV Type ndu ndu ndu CMD GUI GUI ndu CMD ndu GUI GUI CMD CMD ndu ndu CMD ndu ndu CMD ndu ndu GUI CMD svc ndu GUI ndu DOS CMD ndu GUI svc CMD SCR SCR Description Program Compatibility Assistant component Program Compatibility Assistant component Windows Journal Note Writer Creating Document Image progress display Check CPU for the Pentium math bug Tablet PC Pen Training Performance console with a Windows NT 4 settings file IIS performance counter update installer Installs Chinese phonetic Input Method Editor Sidebar gadget component Pinball game Smart Card authentication component Ping utility IPV6 Ping utility Chinese Input Method editor component Tablet PC component Package Manager command-line tool Performance Logs and Alerts component PnP device setup component Adds, deletes, and lists PnP driver packages Primitive Operations Queue Executor (Windows kernel component) Posix subsystem component (part of Services for UNIX, or Subsystem for UNIX-Based Applications) Calculator power toy (source: PowerToys for XP download) Manages power management schemes from the command line Windows Presentation Foundation font caching service Windows Presentation Foundation component Presentation Settings control panel Preview Handler Surrogate Host Copies a file to a local LPT-port printer Printer setup backup/recovery/migration (BRM) tool Printer setup BRM component Printer setup Backup/Recover/Migration wizard Print Filter Pipeline Host Printer setup/configuration command-line tool Configures printers Installs and lists print drivers

picturePuzzle.js pinball.exe pintool.exe ping.exe ping6.exe pintlphr.exe pipanel.exe PkgMgr.exe plasrv.exe PnPUnattend.exe PnPutil.exe poqexec.exe posix.exe powercalc.exe powercfg.exe PresentationFontCache.exe PresentationHost.exe PresentationSettings.exe prevhost.exe print.exe PrintBrm.exe PrintBrmEngine.exe PrintBrmUi.exe printfilterpipelinesvc.exe printui.exe prncnfg.vbs prndrvr.vbs

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
prnjobs.vbs prnmngr.vbs prnport.vbs prnqctl.vbs progman.exe proquota.exe proxycfg.exe psxrun.exe psxss.exe pubprn.vbs PurblePlace.exe PushPrinterConnections.exe pws.exe pwstray.exe pxhpinst.exe pxshare.exe pyime.exe qappsrv.exe qprocess.exe qtest32.exe query.exe quser.exe qwinsta.exe RacAgent.exe raclient.js racontrol.js rasadmin.exe rasautou.exe rasdial.exe raserver.exe raserver.js rasphone.exe rcimlby.exe rcp.exe

Appendix B

B25

OS XV XV XV XV 2X 2XV X V 2V 2XV V V 2 2 X X 2 XV XV 2 XV XV XV V X X 2 2XV 2XV V X 2XV X 2X

Type SCR SCR SCR SCR GUI ndu CMD UNIX ndu SCR GUI CMD GUI GUI ndu ndu CMD CMD CMD GUI CMD CMD CMD ndu ndu ndu GUI CMD CMD ndu ndu GUI GUI CMD

Description Manages print jobs Manages local and network printer connections Manages TCP/IP printers Prints test pages, starts and stops printer queue Windows 3.1/NT 4style Program Manager Profile quota manager for Windows NT4 domains Sets HTTP proxy server Subsystem for UNIX-Based Applications session manager component Interix subsystem component Publishes printers to Active Directory Purble Place game Sets up network printers from Group Policy Personal Web Server (IIS) management utility Personal Web Server (IIS) manager (task tray tool) Windows Media Center Create DVD setup component Windows Media Center Create DVD component Installs Chinese Input Method Editor Displays the available application terminal servers on the network Displays information about processes local or remote IBM Mwave modem diagnostic tool Displays information about logged-on users, desktop sessions and processes Same as query user; displays list of logged-on users Displays information about Terminal Sessions Reliability analysis component Component of Remote Assistance Component of Remote Assistance Remote Access Services (RAS) status/management utility Creates a RAS connection Starts and ends dial-up networking connections Remote Assistance component Component of Remote Assistance Pop-up dial-up networking manager Remote Assistance Copies files to another computer (UNIX)

(continues)

B26

Appendix B
Filename
rdpclip.exe rdrleakdiag.exe rdsaddin.exe rdshost.exe recdisc.exe recover.exe redir.exe reg.exe regasm.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS V V X X V 2XV 2XV V 2XV Type ndu GUI ndu ndu ndu CMD DOS CMD CMD Description Remote Desktop component, transfers clipboard to/from remote user Windows Resource Leak Diagnostic Remote Desktop component Remote Desktop component Recovery disc creation tool Extracts data from a damaged disk Networking redirector, loaded in AUTOEXEC.NT Registry edit command line tool .NET Framework registry assembly registration utility; makes .NET classes available as standard COM classes (source: .NET Framework) Edits Registry Registry editor, old version Registry edit command-line tool Used on Windows server only; terminal server management tool Registers Media Center plug-in Remote Registry service Adds .NET assemblies to COM+ 1.0 applications (source: .NET Framework) Registers .DLL file as a COM component Registers COM component type libraries (source: Windows Update) System debugging tool Registration Wizard Encrypting File System certificate management wizard Changes format or rate for performance log files Diagnosis and Recovery component Replaces files Deletes a Terminal Services session UNIX remote execute Deletes files Windows Rights Management component Windows Rights Management component Windows Rights Management component Windows Rights Management component Restart Manager LUA Restart Client Deletes directories (folders) Copies files and foldersuseful as a backup tool Displays or edits the current routing tables

regedit.exe regedt32.exe regini.exe register.exe registermceapp.exe regsvc.exe regsvcs.exe regsvr32.exe regtlib.exe regtrace.exe regwiz.exe rekeywiz.exe relog.exe RelPost.exe replace.exe reset.exe rexec.exe rm.exe RMActivate.exe RMActivate_isv.exe RMActivate_ssp.exe RMActivate_ssp_isv.exe RmClient.exe rmdir.exe Robocopy.exe route.exe

2XV 2XV V X XV 2 2XV 2XV 2 2X 2X V XV V 2XV XV 2X V V V V V V V V 2XV

GUI GUI CMD ndu CMD svc CMD CMD CMD GUI ndu GUI CMD ndu CMD CMD CMD UNIX ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu UNIX CMD CMD

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
routemon.exe rpcinfo.exe RpcPing.exe rrinstaller.exe rsh.exe rsm.exe rsmmllsv.exe rsmsink.exe rsmui.exe rsnotify.exe rsop.js rsopprov.exe RSSFeeds.js rstrui.exe rsvp.exe

Appendix B

B27

OS 2X V V V 2X 2XV V XV XV 2X X X V XV 2X

Type CMD CMD CMD GUI CMD CMD ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu GUI svc

Description Obsolete, use netsh Services for NFS ONCRPC registration admin utility Remote Procedure Call (RPC) diagnostic tool R&R installer Remote shell (UNIX) Removable Storage media pool management tool Removable Storage Manager component Removable Storage Manager component Removable Storage Manager component Removable Storage Manager component Component of help center system info display Resultant Set of Policy provider component Sidebar gadget component System Restore QoS RSVPprovides network signaling and local traffic control setup functionality for QoS-aware programs and control applets NetMeeting Desktop Sharing Runs program with another users credentials Launches a 32-bit DLL program Runs legacy control panel with elevated permissions Causes a program to run during startup Internet reversi game Resets the session subsystem hardware and software to known initial values Speech API component Saves system dump upon reboot after BSOD Windows Media Center Create DVD component Windows Sidebar setup component Service management tool Searches Windows Registry for specified keys or values (source: Win2000 reskit) Smart Card Helper Displays and manages scheduled tasks Component of out-of-box experience; initial setup wizard Scripting system component Component of Windows tour Media Center Edition help component Installed as schtasks.exe

rtcshare.exe runas.exe rundll32.exe RunLegacyCPLElevated.exe runonce.exe rvsezm.exe rwinsta.exe sapisvr.exe savedump.exe sbeserver.exe sbunattend.exe sc.exe scanreg.exe scardsvr.exe schtasks.exe sconnect.js scrcons.exe scripts.js scrolling.js sctasks.exe

X 2XV 2XV V 2XV X XV XV 2X XV V XV 2X 2X XV X 2XV X X X

GUI CMD CMD ndu CMD GUI CMD ndu CMD ndu ndu CMD CMD svc CMD ndu ndu ndu ndu CMD

(continues)

B28

Appendix B
Filename
sdbinst.exe sdchange.exe sdclt.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS XV V V V V V 2XV V V V V 2XV X Type CMD GUI GUI CMD svc CMD GUI GUI UNIX ndu CMD svc svc Description Application compatibility database installer Windows Remote Assistance SD Server Microsoft Windows Backup Windows Search Filter Host Windows Search service Windows Search Protocol Host Manages and analyzes system security policies Security Init Stream editor, executes ed commands on standard input Sidebar gadget component Registers Windows Communication Foundation with IIS Windows Service manager, also provides event log and Plug and Play services Remote Desktop Help Session Managermanages and controls Remote Assistance. If this service is stopped, Remote Assistance will be unavailable. Before stopping this service, see the Dependencies tab of the Properties dialog box. Enables and disables ActiveX debugging for Java (source: Windows Update) Sets high contrast display Displays or modifies Registry settings pertaining to certificate trust and validation behavior .NET Framework software update component Sidebar gadget component Windows installation and setup Outlook Express component Creates new system security ID (SID) when a cloned (sysprepped) system is first started Windows setup/update component Autoboot program for key disks created by Wireless Network Setup Wizard Tool used by Windows installer Windows Media Player updating tool Lies about MS-DOS version to old applications Sets current or default environment variables (batch file tool) Verifies system file integrity Monitors or controls a Terminal Services session Handwriting Recognition Personalization control panel Does nothing on Windows XP

SearchFilterHost.exe SearchIndexer.exe SearchProtocolHost.exe secedit.exe secinit.exe sed.exe service.js ServiceModelReg.exe services.exe sessmgr.exe

setdebug.exe sethc.exe setreg.exe setregni.exe settings.js Setup.exe setup50.exe setupcl.exe setupn.exe setupSNK.exe setupugc.exe setup_wm.exe setver.exe setx.exe sfc.exe shadow.exe ShapeCollector.exe share.exe

2 2XV 2 X V V 2X V X V V XV 2XV V 2XV XV V 2XV

GUI CMD CMD ndu ndu GUI ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu GUI DOS CMD CMD CMD GUI DOS

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
shelexec.exe

Appendix B

B29

OS X

Type GUI

Description Works like the internal command start; open the file named on the command line in the associated application (source: support\tools\act20) Used during upgrade install from Windows NT 4 Services for NFS mount information utility Create and Share Folders Wizard Front Page Extensions componentserver-side include processor Shuts down, hibernates, or restarts local or remote computer Internet spades game Windows Sidebar Signature verifier for system files SerialKey (accessibility input device) manager Sidebar gadget component Software Licensing Admin Access Provider COM object Activates, displays or changes Windows license information Component used by Smart Link modem drivers or installers Smart Link winmodem device driver Microsoft Software Licensing Service Windows Activation program Script component used by web-based .NET applications (source: .NET Framework) Script component used by web-based .NET applications (source: .NET Framework) Installs or uninstalls System Management BIOS driver (WMI interface to the system BIOS) Windows Communication Foundation setup program, registers .SVC extension with IIS SNMP MIB compiler Performance Logs and Alerts service Session Manager Subsystem Windows Communication Foundation component Enables diagnostic tracing for the IIS SMTP service Windows Media Center component Sound Recorder Volume Control applet Volume control Snipping tool

shmgrate.exe showmount.exe shrpubw.exe shtml.exe shutdown.exe shvlzm.exe sidebar.exe sigverif.exe skeys.exe slideShow.js SLLUA.exe slmgr.vbs slrundll.exe slserv.exe SLsvc.exe SLUI.exe smartnav.js smartnavie5.js smbinst.exe SMConfigInstaller.exe smi2smir.exe smlogsvc.exe smss.exe SMSvcHost.exe smtp_regtrace.exe snchk.exe sndrec32.exe SndVol.exe sndvol32.exe SnippingTool.exe

2X V 2XV 2X V X V 2XV 2X V V V X X V V 2X X X V XV 2X 2XV V 2 X 2X V 2X V

CMD CMD GUI ndu CMD GUI GUI GUI ndu ndu ndu SCR ndu drv svc GUI ndu ndu CMD CMD CMD svc ndu ndu GUI ndu GUI GUI GUI GUI

(continues)

B30

Appendix B
Filename
snmp.exe snmptrap.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS 2XV 2XV Type svc svc Description Simple Network Monitoring Protocol Agent service SNMP Trap Servicereceives trap messages generated by local or remote SNMP agents and forwards the messages to SNMP management programs running on this computer Solitaire game Solitaire game Windows Media Center Create DVD component Sorts text files alphabetically (filter) Sound Recorder IIS updater, part of Service Pack 4 installer Service Pack installation component Service Pack installer component Spider solitaire game IIS component Windows Peer-to-Peer service installer; likely used by SP2 installation process (source: Windows XP Service Pack 2 or download) Print Spoolerloads files to memory for later printing Part of Service Pack setup; used to automatically clean up after a failed partial install Used during install upon failure and reboot Displays Finished message after installing Vista SP1 Service pack installation component; updates Terminal Services Used to uninstall software updates/hotfixes/service packs Software update installer service; handles postreboot update tasks Service Pack installation component Windows XP Service Pack installer component Windows boot component, renames system files that were replaced before restart Extracts debug info on System Restore Starts FTP server Starts IIS server Starts web server Sticky Notes Windows Still Image Monitor Still Image (scanning) service component Sidebar gadget component

sol.exe Solitaire.exe sonicmmburnengine.exe sort.exe SoundRecorder.exe sp4iis.exe spdwnw2k.exe spdwnwxp.exe SpiderSolitaire.exe spiisupd.exe spnpinst.exe

2X V X 2XV V 2 2 X V 2X X

GUI GUI ndu CMD GUI ndu ndu ndu GUI ndu ndu

spoolsv.exe sprecovr.exe sprestrt.exe spreview.exe sptsupd.exe spuninst.exe spupdsvc.exe spupdw2k.exe spupdwxp.exe srdelayed.exe srdiag.exe startftp.vbs startsrv.vbs startweb.vbs StikyNot.exe stimon.exe stisvc.exe stocks.js

2XV X 2X V 2 X 2X 2 X V X 2X 2X 2X V 2X 2 V

svc ndu ndu GUI ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu CMD SCR SCR SCR GUI ndu svc ndu

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
stopftp.vbs stopsrv.vbs stopweb.vbs stub_fpsrvadm.exe stub_fpsrvwin.exe suagc.exe subst.exe svchost.exe sxstrace.exe syncapp.exe synciwam.vbs syscomponentinfo.js sysedit.exe syshealthinfo.js sysinfo.exe syskey.exe sysocmgr.exe sysprep.exe syssoftwareinfo.js systeminfo.exe SystemPropertiesAdvanced.exe

Appendix B

B31

OS 2X 2X 2X X X V 2XV 2XV V 2X 2X X 2XV X X 2XV 2X V X XV V V V V V V 2XV XV V V V V V XV

Type SCR SCR SCR ndu ndu ndu DOS svc CMD ndu SCR ndu GUI ndu CMD CMD ndu GUI ndu CMD GUI GUI GUI GUI GUI GUI GUI GUI GUI GUI UNIX CMD ndu ndu CMD

Description Stops FTP server Stops IIS server Stops web server Stub (nonfunctional) version of FrontPage Server Extensions administrator Stub (nonfunctional) version of FrontPage Server Extensions Services for UNIX-Based Applications component Maps a drive letter to a local folder Runs system service(s) contained in .DLL files, used to most Windows services Side-By-Side (SXS) debugging tool Creates Windows Briefcase Repairs COM+ authentication for applications running under IWAM account Component of help center system info display Editor for system files Component of help center system info display Installed as systeminfo.exe; see that entry) Encrypts and secures system database Part of Windows setup Prepares configured system for deployment by disk duplication Component of help center system info display Displays a system hardware and software summary Displays System Properties Advanced tab Displays System Properties Computer Name tab Displays System Properties Performance Options Data Execution Prevention dialog Displays System Properties Hardware tab Displays System Properties Performance Options dialog Displays System Properties System Protection tab Displays System Properties Remote tab Manages the taskbar and system tray Digitizer calibration tool Tablet PC Input Panel accessory Displays last few lines of a file Changes ownership of a file Telephony setup component Task Scheduler service Terminates a process

SystemPropertiesComputerName.exe V SystemPropertiesData ExecutionPrevention.exe SystemPropertiesHardware.exe SystemPropertiesPerformance.exe SystemPropertiesProtection.exe SystemPropertiesRemote.exe systray.exe tabcal.exe TabTip.exe tail.exe takeown.exe TapiUnattend.exe taskeng.exe taskkill.exe

(continues)

B32

Appendix B
Filename
tasklist.exe taskman.exe taskmgr.exe taskswitch.exe tcmsetup.exe tcpsvcs.exe tcptest.exe tee.exe telnet.exe tftp.exe themes.exe timeout.exe timershot.exe timeZones.js tintlphr.exe tintsetp.exe tlntadmn.exe tlntsess.exe tlntsvr.exe tlocmgr.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS XV 2X 2XV X 2XV 2XV 2X V 2XV 2XV 2 V X V 2X 2X 2XV 2XV 2XV 2X Type CMD ndu GUI GUI GUI svc GUI UNIX CMD CMD GUI CMD GUI ndu ndu ndu CMD CMD svc GUI Description Lists active processes Task Manager (activated by Ctrl+Alt+Del) Starts the Task Manager (same as Ctrl+Alt+Del) Alt+Tab replacement powerToy (source: PowerToys for XP download) Manages the TAPI Telephony client Simple TCP/IP Services and TCP printing Services service TCP/IP network tester for diagnosing IIS problems Passes standard input to standard output and also saves it in a file Establishes a command-line session on another computer Trivial file transfer protocol Desktop theme configuration and selection tool Pauses batch file for specified time Webcam timer powerToy (source: PowerToys for XP download) Sidebar gadget component Chinese Input Method editor component (source: Windows Update) Chinese Input Method editor component (source: Windows Update) Telnet Server Administrator Displays the current Telnet sessions Telnet Server service Telephony Location Manager, provides task-tray icon to pop-up Dialing properties and activate Phone Dialler (source: Win2000 reskit) Unknown; appears to be involved in managing the .NET Framework Global Assembly Cache Updates timestamp on a file Tablet PC Touch Training Windows XP Tour (actually a copy of Macromedia Flash Player) Component of Windows tour Runs the Windows Experience Tour Installed as tourstart.exe, see previous entry Installed as tour.exe, see that entry PS/2 Trackpoint device manager Trusted Platform Module (TPM) Initialization Wizard Gathers or summarizes event trace information Checks TCP/IP connectivity

togac.exe touch.exe TouchTraining.exe tour.exe tour.js tourstart.exe tourstrt.exe tourw.exe tp4mon.exe TpmInit.exe tracerpt.exe tracert.exe

X V V X X X X X X V XV 2XV

ndu UNIX GUI GUI ndu GUI ndu GUI ndu GUI CMD CMD

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
tracert6.exe tree.com TrustedInstaller.exe tscon.exe tscupgrd.exe tsdiscon.exe tskill.exe tsprof.exe tssetup.exe tsshutdn.exe TSTheme.exe tswpfwrp.exe tweakui.exe twunk_16.exe twunk_32.exe typeperf.exe tzchange.exe tzupd.exe ucsvc.exe UI0Detect.exe umount.exe uname.exe unattendedjoin.exe undocked.js uninst.exe uniq.exe unlodctr.exe unregmp2.exe unsecapp.exe unvise32.exe update.exe updcrl.exe uploadm.exe upnpcont.exe

Appendix B

B33

OS X 2XV V XV XV XV XV X V X V V X 2XV 2XV V X V V V V V V V 2X V 2XV 2XV 2XV 2X X 2 X XV

Type CMD CMD svc CMD ndu CMD CMD ndu ndu CMD ndu CMD GUI ndu ndu CMD CMD CMD ndu svc CMD UNIX ndu ndu GUI UNIX CMD ndu ndu GUI ndu ndu ndu ndu

Description IPv6 Trace Route Displays directory structure Windows Installer service Connects to Terminal Services session Terminal Services Client upgrade program Disconnects Windows/Terminal Services session Terminates a process in a services session Used on Windows Server only, Terminal Server management tool Terminal Server Setup component Shuts down or restarts a Terminal Services server Manages display theme used during Remote Desktop sessions Terminal Server (remote desktop) WPF wrapper component TweakUI PowerToy for Windows XP download) Twain 16-bit drivers Twain 32-bit drivers Extracts performance monitor data Modifies time zone/daylight saving time data Time zone/daylight saving time database update utility Boot File Servicing component Interactive services detection and notification service Unmounts NFS exports/share Displays system information Network setup component Sidebar gadget component Generic uninstaller (source: various) Displays only unique input lines Removes performance counter definitions Modifies Registry during update of Windows Media Player Web Based Enterprise Management (WBEM) component Generic uninstaller (source: various) Installs Windows or Service Pack updates Root certificate revocation list updater (source: Windows Update) Upload manager for application and system crash info Universal Plug-and-Play (UPNP) ActiveX container

(continues)

B34

Appendix B
Filename
ups.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS 2X Type svc Description Uninterruptible power supplymanages an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) connected to the computer Update wizard file unpacking utility Windows API (fundamental component of Windows) Logon processor: runs scripts, makes network connections, starts shell Terminal Services logon script (not actually used) U.S. Robotics Modem driver component U.S. Robotics Modem driver component U.S. Robotics Modem driver component Sidebar gadget component Utility ManagerDesignates which accessibility aids to use User Mode Driver framework (Media Player component) .NET Visual Basic command-line compiler (source: .NET Framework) Microsoft Voice COM server Virtual (Dynamic) Disk Service Virtual Disk Service Loader Extension CLSID Verification Host Driver Verifier Manager Text editor Video camera plug-and-play component Vista SP1 Customer Experience tracking utility Displays shadow copy backups and providers Volume Shadow Copy Service NetWare protocol stack, loaded in
AUTOEXEC.NT

upwizun.exe user.exe userinit.exe usrlogon.cmd usrmlnka.exe usrprbda.exe usrshuta.exe util.js utilman.exe uwdf.exe vbc.exe vcmd.exe vds.exe vdsldr.exe verclsid.exe verifier.exe vi.exe VideoCameraAutoPlayManager.exe vsp1ceip.exe vssadmin.exe vssvc.exe vwipxspx.exe w2kexcp.exe w32tm.exe w3wp.exe wab.exe wabmig.exe waitfor.exe wangimg.exe wb32.exe wbadmin.exe wbemperm.exe

2 2XV 2XV X X X X V 2XV X 2XV 2 V V V 2XV V V V XV XV 2X 2 2XV V 2XV 2XV V 2 2X V 2

ndu ndu ndu CMD ndu ndu ndu ndu GUI ndu CMD ndu svc ndu ndu GUI UNIX ndu CMD CMD svc DOS ndu CMD CMD GUI ndu CMD GUI GUI CMD GUI

Internet Explorer update installer component (source: Windows Update) Manages Windows Time service IIS worker process Address Book editor Outlook Express component Waits for or sends a named signal over a network (batch file utility) Imaging for Windows (scanner application) NetMeeting Whiteboard application Windows Backup command line interface WBEM permission editor

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
wbemtest.exe wbengine.exe wc.exe wdfmgr.exe weather.js webuivalidation.js wecutil.exe welcome.exe wercon.exe WerFault.exe WerFaultSecure.exe wermgr.exe wevtutil.exe wextract.exe WFS.exe wgatray.exe where.exe whoami.exe wiaacmgr.exe win.com WinCal.exe winchat.exe WinCollab.exe windeploy.exe WindowsMailGadget.exe WindowsPhotoGallery.exe WinFXDocObj.exe winhelp.exe winhlp32.exe winhstb.exe wininit.exe winload.exe winlogon.exe WinMail.exe winmgmt.exe

Appendix B

B35

OS 2XV V V X V 2X V 2 V V V V V 2XV V X V V XV 2XV V 2X V V V V XV 2XV 2XV 2X V V 2XV V 2XV

Type GUI svc UNIX SRV ndu ndu CMD GUI GUI ndu ndu ndu CMD ndu GUI ndu CMD CMD GUI ndu GUI GUI GUI ndu GUI GUI ndu GUI GUI ndu ndu ndu ndu GUI svc

Description Web Based Enterprise Management (WBEM) tester Block Level Backup (Previous Versions, System Restore) service Counts words, lines, and characters in input User Mode Driver Framework manager service Sidebar gadget component Component of ASP.NET client-side validation control (source: .NET Framework) Manages linkage between Windows event log and event sources Getting Started with Windows welcome wizard Problem Reports and Solutions control panel Windows Problem Reporting component, assists in logging software crashes See previous See previous Extracts log data and manages event logs CAB auto-extractor used by iexpress.exe Windows Fax and Scan application Windows Genuine Advantage notification component Searches for files by name Displays information on logged-on user Scanner and Camera Wizard Provided so that applications that expect to find or run Windows via win.com will work Windows Calendar application Windows Chat Windows Meeting Space application Windows setup component Windows Mail SideShow gadget Windows Photo Gallery application WinFX Graphics manager component Windows Help (.HLP file) viewer Windows Help application Windows Help component Windows logon component Windows boot component Logon manager Windows Mail application Web Based Enterprise Management (WBEM) service

(continues)

B36

Appendix B
Filename
winmine.exe winmsd.exe winrep.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS 2X 2X 2 Type GUI GUI GUI Description Minesweeper game Windows Diagnostic utility; displays system information Windows Report Tool; prompts for bug reporting information and creates a .CAB file of the entered text and important sytem config files Restores memory from hard disk after hibernation Runs winrm.vbs Remote management tool with extensive capabilities Windows Remote Shell management tool Windows Remote Shell management service process Windows System Assessment Print spooler system Displays the current version of Windows Tablet PC Input component Command-line loader for Java Windows Wireless LAN 802.11 Extensibility Framework component Balloon reminder service Windows Media Connect setup component Windows Media Connect setup component Windows Media Player component Windows Mobile device sync component Windows Media Player setup component Updates performance counter object data Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) adapter service Queries WMI from the command line WMI service component Component of help center system info display WMI component, autodiscovery/autopurge process WMI Performance Adapterprovides performance library information from WMI HiPerf providers Queries and manages Windows XP via Windows Management Instrumentation WMI component, provider host process Windows Media Player launcher Windows Media Player component, performs actions requiring UAC confirmation Windows Media Player encoder component

winresume.exe winrm.cmd winrm.vbs winrs.exe winrshost.exe WinSAT.exe winspool.exe winver.exe wisptis.exe wjview.exe wlanext.exe wlrmdr.exe wmccds.exe wmccfg.exe wmdbexport.exe wmdSync.exe wmfdist95.exe WMIADAP.exe WmiApSrv.exe WMIC.exe WmiPrvSE.exe wmi_data.js wmiadap.exe wmiapsrv.exe

V V V V V V 2XV 2XV V 2 V V X X X V X V V V V X X X

ndu SCR SCR CMD ndu CMD ndu GUI ndu CMD ndu GUI ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu CMD svc CMD ndu ndu ndu svc

wmic.exe wmiprvse.exe wmlaunch.exe wmpconfig.exe wmpenc.exe

X X XV V XV

CMD ndu ndu ndu ndu

Programs Provided with Windows


Filename
wmplayer.exe wmploc.js wmpnetwk.exe wmpnscfg.exe wmpocm.exe

Appendix B

B37

OS XV X XV XV 2

Type GUI ndu svc ndu ndu

Description Windows Media Player Component of Windows tour Windows Media Player Network Sharing service Windows Media Player Network Sharing Service balloon notification task Installs or removes Windows Media Player icons and Start menu entries (ocm stands for optional component manager) Windows Media Player Rich Preview Handler Windows Media Player Folder Sharing component Media Player gadget for SideShow Component of Windows Media Player Windows Media Player update download component IIS Manager Service Wordpad accessory Windows 3.1 environment component; debugging API Windows 3.1 emulation environment Windows Product Activation balloon reminder Parental control component Parental control component Windows Portable Device Shell Extension Autoplay Handler Support for Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) printing (source: \add-ons\ipp) Component of help center Launches WordPad (supplied for compatibility with older versions of Windows) Windows Communication Foundation transaction manager configuration tool Pop-up those you are at risk warnings on the task tray; run by the security center service (source: Windows XP SP2) Windows Script Hostwindowed version Web services setup component Customer Experience Improvement data transfer program Windows Update application Windows Update automatic check/download task Windows Update Automatic Update component Windows Driver Foundation User-mode Driver Framework Host Process

wmprph.exe wmpshare.exe WMPSideShowGadget.exe wmpstub.exe wmsetsdk.exe WMSvc.exe wordpad.exe wowdeb.exe wowexec.exe wpabaln.exe wpcer.exe wpcumi.exe WPDShextAutoplay.exe wpnpinst.exe wrapperparam.js write.exe WsatConfig.exe wscntfy.exe

V XV V X X V 2XV 2XV 2XV X V V XV 2XV X 2XV V X

ndu ndu GUI ndu ndu svc GUI ndu ndu GUI ndu ndu ndu ndu ndu GUI CMD ndu

wscript.exe WSManHTTPConfig.exe wsqmcons.exe wuapp.exe wuauclt.exe wuauclt1.exe WUDFHost.exe

2XV V V V 2XV X XV

GUI ndu GUI GUI ndu ndu ndu

(continues)

B38

Appendix B
Filename
wupdmgr.exe wusa.exe WUSetupV.exe wzcsetup.exe

Windows Command Reference


OS 2X V V 2 V 2XV X X V X Type GUI CMD ndu ndu ndu CMD GUI ndu ndu ndu Description Windows Update (launches Internet Explorer) Installs Windows Update packages manually Windows Update component Installs Wireless Zero Configuration service, part of Service Pack 4 installer XAML display component Copies multiple files Network Diagnostic tool for XP (source: Windows Update) Part of Service Pack installer, determines which SP components are necessary XPS Viewer (IE plug-in) Internet games component

XamlViewer_v0300.exe xcopy.exe xpnetdiag.exe xpsp1hfm.exe XPSViewer.exe zclientm.exe

Built-In Commands
Built-in commands are handled directly by the command-line interpreter cmd.exe There is no corresponding executable file. Many of these commands are also recognized by the old MS-DOS command line interpreter command.com, which is provided with all 32-bit versions of Windows for compatibility. Most of the commands have enhanced functionality in cmd.exe.
Command
assoc call cd chdir color del delete dir echo endlocal erase exit for ftype goto if lh loadhigh md mkdir

OS 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV

Description Associates filename extensions with file type Calls a batch file subroutine Changes current working directory; same as chdir Changes current working directory; same as cd Changes command prompt window color Deletes files; same as delete and erase Deletes files; same as del and erase Displays file directory Displays text Restores environment variables Deletes files; same as del and delete Ends program or subroutine, or terminates command-line interpreter Repeats command Associates file types to applications Performs go to label in a batch file Executes command conditionally Loads an MS-DOS TSR program into high memory; same as loadhigh Loads an MS-DOS TSR program into high memory; same as lh Create directory; same as mkdir Create directory; same as md

Control Panel Applets


Command
move path pause popd prompt pushd rd rem rename rmdir set setlocal shift start time title type verify

Appendix B

B39

OS 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV

Description Moves files or folders Sets command search path Stops batch file for user interaction Restores current directory Sets command-line prompt Saves current directory Removes directory; same as rmdir Denotes remark or comment text Renames files or folders Removes directory, same as rd Sets environment variables Saves current environment Deletes and moves command-line arguments Runs a command or opens a document in a new window Displays and sets time of day Sets window title Copies text file to console window Controls automatic verify-after-write

Control Panel Applets


Control Panel applets are run by the Control Panel program control.exe. You can also run them by typing the full name of the .cpl file at the command prompt, in the Run dialog or on Vista, in the Start menus search box.
Filename
access.cpl appwiz.cpl bthprops.cpl collab.cpl cttune.cpl desk.cpl fax.cpl firewall.cpl hdwwiz.cpl inetcpl.cpl infocardcpl.cpl intl.cpl irprops.cpl joy.cpl main.cpl

OS 2X 2XV XV V X 2XV 2 XV 2XV 2XV V 2XV 2XV 2XV 2XV

Description Accessibility Options Add/Remove Programs Bluetooth Properties (source: Windows XP SP2) People Near Me ClearType Tuning (source: PowerToys for XP download) Display Properties Fax Properties Windows Firewall (source: Windows XP SP2) Add Hardware Wizard Internet Properties Windows CardSpace Regional and Language Options Wireless Link (IRDA infrared) Game Controllers Mouse, Keyboard, PC Card Properties

(continues)

B40

Appendix B
Filename
mmsys.cpl msmq.cpl mwcpa32.cpl ncpa.cpl netsetup.cpl nusrmgr.cpl nwc.cpl odbccp32.cpl powercfg.cpl sapi.cpl sticpl.cpl sysdm.cpl TabletPC.cpl telephon.cpl timedate.cpl tweakui.cpl wmdConn.cpl wscui.cpl wuaucpl.cpl

Windows Command Reference


OS 2XV 2 2 2XV X X 2X 2X 2XV XV 2 2XV V 2XV 2XV 2 V XV 2X Description Sounds and Audio Devices Microsoft Message Queuing Service IBM Thinkpad modem configuration Network Connections Network Setup Wizard User Accounts Client Services for NetWare ODBC Data Source Administrator Power Options Speech Properties Scanners and Cameras System Properties Tablet PC Phone and Modem Options Date and Time Properties Tweak UI (source: PowerToys for Windows NT download) Windows Mobile Device Center Security Center Automatic Updates

MMC Management Snap-Ins


MMC Snap-ins are run by the Microsoft Management Control program mmc.exe. They can be started by name at the command line, Run dialog, or on Vista, the search box.
Filename
azman.msc certmgr.msc ciadv.msc comexp.msc compmgmt.msc devmgmt.msc dfrg.msc diskmgmt.msc eventvwr.msc faxserv.msc fpmmc.msc fsmgmt.msc gpedit.msc ias.msc iis.msc

OS V 2XV 2X 2XV 2XV 2XV 2X 2XV 2XV 2 2X 2XV 2XV 2 2XV

Description Authorization Manager Certificate Manager Indexing Service Management Component Services (COM/DCOM/COM+) Configuration Computer Management Device Manager Disk Defragmenter Disk Management Event Viewer Fax Management Server Extensions Administrator Shared Folders Group Policy Object Editor (also seen as Local Security Policy Editor) Internet Authentication Service Internet Information Services Administration

Screensavers
Filename
iis6.msc lusrmgr.msc mscorcfg.msc msinfo32.msc NAPCLCFG.MSC nfsmgmt.msc ntmsmgr.msc ntmsoprq.msc perfmon.msc printmanagement.msc rsop.msc secpol.msc services.msc taskschd.msc tpm.msc WF.msc wmimgmt.msc

Appendix B

B41

OS V 2XV 2X 2 V V 2X 2X 2XV V XV 2XV 2XV V V V 2XV

Description IIS administration, IIS6 compatibility version Local Users and Groups .NET Framework Configuration; manages and installs NET applications, configures .NET security policy (source: .NET Framework) System Information Network Access Protection Client Configuration NFS Management Removable Storage Management Removable Storage Operator Requests Performance panel: System Monitor and Performance Logs and Alerts Print Management Resultant Set of Policy Local Security Policy Services Task Scheduler Trusted Platform Module Management Windows Firewall with Advanced Security WMI Configuration

Screensavers
Screensavers are run by Windows when the system has been idle for a designated time, or from the Display Properties Control Panel when selecting and configuring a screensaver.
Filename
Aurora.scr Bubbles.scr channel screen saver.scr logon.scr mypixdx.scr Mystify.msc nature.scr PhotoScreensaver.scr Ribbons.scr scrnsave.scr space.scr ss3dfo.scr ssbezier.scr ssBranded.scr ssflwbox.scr ssmarque.scr

OS V V 2 2XV X V X V V 2XV X 2X 2X V 2X 2X

Description Aurora Bubbles Channel Windows (also called Windows Logo) My Pictures Slideshow (Media Center version) Mystify Nature theme Photos Ribbons Blank screen Space theme 3D Flying Objects Beziers Windows Energy 3D Flower Box Marquee

(continues)

B42

Appendix B
Filename
ssmaze.scr ssmypics.scr ssmyst.scr sspipes.scr ssstars.scr sstext3d.scr

Windows Command Reference


OS 2 X 2X 2X 2X 2XV X X Description 3D Maze My Pictures Slideshow Mystify 3D Pipes Starfield 3D Text XP Media Center Edition screen saver Goldfish

windows xp media center edition screen saver.scr wpgldfsh.scr