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Nursing Responsibilities of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH)

A woman with mild PIH

Promote bedrest Promote good condition Provide emotional support

Nursing Intervention for a woman with severe PIH

Support bed rest Monitor maternal and well being Monitor Fetal Well being Support a Nutritious Diet Administer medications to prevent eclampsia

Prevention of Pregnancy Induced Hypertension (PIH) Theres no known way to prevent preeclampsia. Eating less salt or changing your activities during pregnancy doesnt reduce the risk. The best way to take care of yourself and your baby is to seek early and regular prenatal care. If preeclampsia is detected early, you and your doctor can work together to prevent complications and make the best choices for you and your baby. In a preliminary 2006 study, women who took multivitamins and maintained a healthy weight before conception reduced the risk of developing preeclampsia during pregnancy by more than 70 percent compared with women of a healthy weight who didnt take multivitamins or with women who took multivitamins but were overweight before conception. Several earlier studies suggested that specific nutritional supplements could prevent preeclampsia, but these studies havent stood the test of time. Although a healthy weight before pregnancy has clear benefits for both mother and baby, more research is needed to determine the preventive effects of multivitamins and other nutritional supplements.