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The Simple Past And Present Tense Of Verbs

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INSTRUCTIONAL MODULE IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING


By: Quennie N. Quiobe Title: Using the Simple Past and Present Tense of Verbs Overview: Perhaps one of the most common dilemmas of students is the confusion between using the simple past and simple present tenses of verbs both in the oral and written communication. Such confusion leads to the frail development of the communicative abilities of students. Thus, this instructional module will help students absolutely comprehend the rules governing the use of the simple past and simple present tenses of verbs, along with the situations in which such tenses of verbs are used. Objectives After completing this module, you should be able to: a) distinguish verbs in simple past and simple present tenses. b) construct sentences using simple past and simple present tenses of verbs appropriately.

You will surely learn so many things on this module (,) Read now.

Instructions to the Learners: 1. 2. 3. 4. Take the pretest before working or answering the module. Perform the activities as suggested. Answer all the exercises found in the module. Check your answers against the Key to Correction or see your teacher for proper guidance. 5. Take the posttest. Prerequisite Skills: 1. The simple present tense is constructed this way: subject + auxiliary verb + main verb or subject + main verb. Look at these examples: I live in New York. The Moon goes round the Earth. John drives a taxi. He does not drive a bus. We meet every Thursday. We do not work at night.

Verb: Tenses

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The Simple Past And Present Tense Of Verbs

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2. To make the past simple tense, we use: past form only or auxiliary did + base form Look at these examples: I lived in that house when I was young. He didn't like the movie. What did you eat for dinner? John drove to London on Monday. Mary did not go to work yesterday. Jeminah was at work yesterday.

PRETEST Complete the following sentences by indicating the correct form of verb in the space provided. 1. Hikari _____________ classes the whole day. (attend) 2. He ____________ to Tokyo University. (go) 3. The students ____________ excited for the school festival. (be) 4. Every student ____________ a journal or a diary. (keep) 5. Lilia _____________ of becoming a famous painter. (dream) 6. Yuji _____________ in every fencing competition. (participate) 7. The UAAP ___________ every first week of July. (start) 8. Jin and China always ______________ on cosplay competitions. (join) 9. It ______________ hard yesterday. (rain) 10. The teacher ____________ the class early. (dismiss) 11. One student ______________ her bag in class. (leave) 12. Shiro ____________ his wallet. (lose) 13. The tsunami really _______________ problems. (bring) 14. Romeo _____________ Juliet in the party. (meet) 15. King Arthur ____________ many battles. (win)

If you are finished answering the Pretest, approach your teacher for the correct answer.

You are about to start with the learning activities.


Enjoy learning!

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The Simple Past And Present Tense Of Verbs Learning Activities


I. Simple Present

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To form the Present Simple Tense we use the verb's base form (go, work, speak, study). In 3rd person singular (he, she, it), the base form of the verb takes -s/es. (Auxiliary verbs "be," "do," "have", which can also be used as main verbs, are exceptions.) Study the discussion below, it explains the uses of the simple present tenses of verbs. The examples provide corresponding explanation why it is in the simple present tense. A. USE #1 Repeated Actions Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do. Examples: I play the violin. (a hobby) Sakura plays tennis. (a hobby) The train leaves every morning at 8 AM. (a daily event) When does the train usually leave? (a daily eventin question form) Arthur always brings his sword. (a habit) Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun. (scheduled event)

B. USE # 2 Facts or Generalizations The Simple Present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things. Examples: Cats like milk. The Earth is spherical. Tokyo is in Japan. The sun rises in the east. Water freezes at 0C (32F). The sky is blue.

C. USE # 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future Speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well.

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The Simple Past And Present Tense Of Verbs


Examples:

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We arrive in Rome at 6 p.m. The train leaves in five minutes. The course starts next Thursday. The party starts at 8 o'clock. The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM. When do we board the plane? (question form)

D. USE 4 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs) Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now. This can only be done with Non-Continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs. Examples: I am here now. She is not here now. He needs help right now. He does not need help now. He has his passport in his hand. Do you have your passport with you?

EXERCISE 1
Complete the following sentences by picking out the correct form of the verb from the parentheses. 1. Rubeilyn ___ four languages. (speak, speaks) 2. Danica is a teacher. She ___ in Korea. (teach, teaches) 3. When the kettle ___, will you make some tea? (boil, boils) 4. I always ___ the window at night because it is cold. (close, closes) 5. Those costumes ___ too much. (cost, costs) 6. The food in Japan is expensive. It ___ a lot to live there. (cost, costs) 7. His job is great because he ___ a lot of people. (meet, meets) 8. My watch is broken and it ___ to be fixed again. (need, needs) 9. I ___ to watch animes. (love, loves) 10. I always ___ cosplay conventions. (attend, attends) 11. They never ___ tea in the morning. (drink, drinks) 12. We both ___ Mai Nakaharas songs in the KTV. (sing, sings) 13. The earth ___ round the sun, doesn't it? (go, goes) 14. Sweet Incantations Caf ___ at 5:30 pm. (close, closes) 15. Apple Pages ___ more than a thousand paperbacks now. (has, have)

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The Simple Past And Present Tense Of Verbs


II. Simple Past Tense

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The past simple tense of the most english verbs (regular verbs) is formed by adding "-ed"/"-d" to their base form. (If the verb ends in "-e", we add "-d" to form the past simple.) There are also some verbs called irregular verbs that have special past tense forms. To understand thoroughly how to use the simple past tense of verbs, study the following discussion. Simple past tenses of verbs are also used to express specific situations. A. USE # 1 Completed Action in the Past Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind. Examples: I watched a movie yesterday. I didn't see the play last Monday. Last year, I travelled to Japan. We arrived at 9:00 o'clock. This morning I went to the supermarket. Alec bought his little sister a book by Carly Philips. B. USE # 2 A Series of Completed Actions We use the Simple Past to list a series of completed actions in the past. These actions happen 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and so on. Examples: I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim. The Gazette Band arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met their fans at 10:00. C. USE # 3 Duration in Past The Simple Past can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past. A duration is a longer action often indicated by expressions such as: for two years, for five minutes, all day, all year, etc. Examples: I lived in Brazil for two years. Shauna studied Japanese for five years. They sat at the beach all day. They did not stay at the party the entire time. We talked on the phone for thirty minutes. The Rose Princess slept for fifty years.

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The Simple Past And Present Tense Of Verbs


D. USE # 4 Habits in the Past

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The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past. It can have the same meaning as "used to." To make it clear that we are talking about a habit, we often add expressions such as: always, often, usually, never, when I was a child, when I was younger, etc. Examples: I studied Niponggo when I was a child. He played the violin. Did you play a musical instrument when you were a kid? She worked at the movie theater after school. They never went to school, they always skipped class. Shana owned a car when she was in junior high school. E. USE 5 Past Facts or Generalizations The Simple Past can also be used to describe past facts or generalizations which are no longer true. As in USE # 4 above, this use of the Simple Past is quite similar to the expression "used to." Examples: She was shy as a child, but now she is very outgoing. He didn't like tomatoes before. Did you live in Texas when you were a kid? People paid much more to make cell phone calls in the past.

EXERCISE 2
Fill in the blanks with the simple past or past continuous form of the verbs. This is worth 15 points. A: B: A: B: Hi, Mary. I _____________ (see/neg.) you at school last Monday. Hello, Bob. I _____________ (come/neg.) on Monday. I wasn't feeling well, so I ________ (decide) to go to the doctor. Oh! ______ (be) it serious? No, the doctor __________ (examine) me and __________ (tell) me I had the flu. He ____________ (prescribe) some medicine and told me to go home and rest. A: B: A: Did you stay home all day last Monday? No, only in the morning. I __________ (have) to work in the afternoon, and guess what? What?

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The Simple Past And Present Tense Of Verbs


B: A: B: A:

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When a friend ________ (drive) me home, he ________ (crash) his car. He didnt see the red light. _______ anyone got hurt? Thank God, nobody ________ (do) . I'm happy to hear that. Well, Mary, I have to rush now. While I _______ (listen) to your story, I _________ (remember) that my wife __________ (ask) me to go to the mechanic to get our car. See you later. Take care.

B:

You too. Bye.

Note: After answering the exercises in each learning activity, see your teacher for the correct answers.

Heres the meaning of your score. If you are able to get 20 points and above, you are ready for the posttest. Please flip the page and start answering it now. If you scored 15 or 14 points, you may take the posttest now, but its better if you review first the item exercises that you answered incorrectly. If you scored only 13 points and below, I suggest that, you go over the module again and take your time understanding the concepts being discussed once more. You may ask your teacher for guidance.

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The Simple Past And Present Tense Of Verbs POST TEST

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Fill in the blanks of the following sentences by using the simple past or simple present tense of the verb in the parentheses. 1. The sky _____ blue. (be) 2. I always __________ after I eat. (brush) 3. Bob ___________ TV every night. (watch) 4. Sara ________ 5 days a week. (work) 5. I _______ the train coming. (hear) 6. I _________ smoke. (smell) 7. My plane _________ at 8:30 tomorrow. (leave) 8. I ________ to work yesterday morning. (go) 9. After Bob _______ dinner, he drove to CEC. (eat) 10. The students __________ in class before the teacher. (arrive) 11. I used to _______ horses when I was a kid. (ride) 12. The car ___________ at 9.30am yesterday. (explode) 13. She __________ to the door. (go) 14. We did not _________ the telephone. (hear) 15. Did you _______ that car? (see)

If you are done answering the posttest, consult your teacher for the correct answers.

-Good Work!-

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The Simple Past And Present Tense Of Verbs KEY TO CORRECTION


PRETEST 1. attends 2. goes 3. are 4. keeps 5. dreams 6. participates 7. starts 8. join 9. rained 10. dismissed

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11. left 12. lost 13. brought 14. met 15. won

EXERCISE 1 1. speaks 2. teaches 3. boils 4. close 5. cost 6. costs 7. meets 8. needs 9. love 10. attend 11. drink 12. sing 13. goes 14. closes 15. has

EXERCISE 2 1. didnt see 2. didnt come 3. decided 4. was 5. examined 6. told 7. prescribed 8. had 9. drove 10. crashed 11. did 12. did 13. was listening 14. remembered 15. asked

POST TEST 1. is 2. brush 3. watches 4. works 5. hear 6. smell 7. leaves 8. went 9. ate 10. arrived 11. ride 12. exploded 13. went 14. hear 15. see

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