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Dr. Ir Setyo Sarwanto Moersidik DEA Dr. Ir. Djoko M. Hartono SE., M.Eng.

Tujuan Pembelajaran

Mahasiswa mampu menjelaskan lingkup bidang teknik lingkungan serta faktor lingkungan lain yang mempengaruhinya.

Silabus
Mahasiswa

diharapkan mampu menjelaskan (1) pengertian dan kode Etik, (2) konsep lingkungan, (3) Keseimbangan metarial dan energi, (4) kualitas dan kuantitas, (5) pengolahan air minum, (6) pengolahan limbah cair, (7) pencemaran udara, (8) kebisingan, (9) Pengelolaan limbah padat, (10) Pengelolaan limbah berbahaya , (11) Perencanaan perkotaan dalam teknik lingkungan, (12) hubungan sanitasi dengan kesehatan masyarakat, (13) peraturan-peraturan

Buku Ajar
Introduction to Environmental Engineering, Mackenzie L. Davis and David A. Cornwell. Environmental Engineering, Howard S. Peavy, Donald R. Rowe, George Tchobanoglous. Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science, Gilbert M. Masters,Wendell P.Ela

Metoda Pembelajaran
Tatap muka dan diskusi Kerja kelompok Kerja mandiri Survey lapangan Presentasi

Sistem Penilaian
UTS: 35% UAS: 35% Tugas Rangkuman: 10% Tugas perhitungan/teori/quiz: 20%

Tugas Mahasiswa
Rangkuman kuliah: Mahasiswa membaca bahan kuliah sesuai dengan bab yang dibahas dan membuat rangkuman kuliah yang diserahkan seminggu setelah kuliah Tugas perhitungan dan teori diberikan oleh masing-masing pengajar sesuai dengan bab yang diberikan oleh yang mengajar

What is Engineering ?

Engineering is a profession that applies mathematics and science to utilize the properties of matter and sources to create useful structures, machines, products, systems and processes

EED of the ASCE

Environmental Engineering is manifest by sound engineering thought and practice in the solution of problems of environmental sanitation, notably the provision of safe, palatable, and ample public water supplies, the proper disposal of or recycle of wastewater and solid wastes, the adequate drainage of urban and rural areas for proper sanitation, and the control of water, soil, and atmospheric pollution, and the social and environmental impact of these solution. Furthermore it is concerned with engineering problems in the field of public health, such as control of arthropod-borne diseases, the elimination of industrial health hazard and the provision of adequate sanitation in urban, rural, and recreational areas, and the effect of technological advances on the environment (ASCE, 1977)

An Environmental Code Ethics


1.

2. 3. 4.

5.

Use knowledge and skill for the enhancement and protection of the environment Hold paramount the health, safety and welfare of the environment Perform services only in areas of personal expertise Be honest and impartial in seving the public, your employer, your client and the environment Issue public statemets only in an objective and truthful manner

ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS: POPULATION GROWTH

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BEBERAPA PERMASALAHAN LINGKUNGAN

LIMBAH PADAT & B3

AIR BERSIH & SANITASI

PENCEMARAN AIR

MASALAH LINGKUNGAN PENCEMARAN UDARA

h5n1
EMERGING DISEASE & PANDEMIC

KRISIS ENERGI PEMANASAN GLOBAL & PERUBAHAN IKLIM


(C) FIRDAUS ALI, 2008

EKSTRAKSI SUMBER DAYA ALAM

Water, Importance, availability and renewal


Djoko M. Hartono

Hydrologic Cycle
Hydrologic Cycle collects, purifies, and distributed the earths fixed supply of water The Water Cycle is powered by energy from the sun and by gravity

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SIKLUS HIDROLOGI
AIR BERSIH & HIDROLOGI

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Evaporation

Conversion of water into water vapor Evaporation is the transformation of water from liquid to gas phases as it moves from the ground or bodies of water into the overlying atmosphere. The source of energy for evaporation is primarily solar radiation.

Back

Transpiration

Evaporation from leaves of water extracted from soil by roots and transported throughout the plant

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Condensation

Conversion of water vapor into droplets of liquid water This process produces clouds and fog

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Precipitation
Precipitation

is condensed water vapor that falls to the Earth's surface. Most precipitation occurs as rain, but also includes snow, hail, fog drip, and sleet. Approximately 505 thousand km3 of water fall as precipitation each year, 398 thousand km3 of it over the oceans.

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Infiltration and Percolation


Infiltration

is the flow of water from the ground surface into the ground. Once infiltrated, the water becomes soil moisture or groundwater. Infiltration can be great or small, depending on the permeability of the ground. The soil of a rainforest, for instance, has so much organic matter that it is likely to be highly permeable. On the other hand, cities have large amounts of what land developers call impervious surface: roads, buildings, and other areas in which concrete and other materials prevent water from infiltrating the ground. Downward flow water through soil and permeable rock formations to groundwater storage areas called aquifers

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Runoff

Downslope surface movement back to the sea begin the cycle again Runoff includes the variety of ways by which water moves across the land. This includes both surface runoff and channel runoff. As it flows, the water may infiltrate into the ground, evaporate into the air, become stored in lakes or reservoirs, or be extracted for agricultural or other human uses

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1.3 Resources

What is resources? Anything we get from the environment (the earths life-support systems) to meet our needs and desires. Resources are classified into : 1. Renewable 2. Potentially renewable 3. Nonrenewable

1.3 Resources 1.3.1 Renewable Resources


Renewable Resources Solar Energy. Potentially Renewable Resources


Resources that can be renewed very rapidly through natural processes. Important potentially renewable resources: Biological Diversity or Biodiversity 1. Genetic Diversity 2. Species Diversity 3. Ecological Diversity

1.3.2 Nonrenewable Resources

Resources that exist in a fixed quantity in the earths crust and thus theoretically can be completely used up.

Resources

Renewable

Nonrenewable

Direct Solar Energy

Winds, Tides, Flowing water

Fossil Fuel

Metallic Minerals

Nonmetallic Mineral

Potentially Renewable

Fresh air

Fresh Water

Fertile Soil

Plants, animals

Water Supplies are unevenly distributed


Some places get almost no precipitation, while others receive heavy rain almost daily Iquique in Chiles Atacama Desert no rain has fallen Cherrapunji, India, received nearly 23 m (897 in) of rain in 1861

HIDUP DARI KRISIS AIR KE BENCANA AIR


AIR BERSIH & HIDROLOGI

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Water Consumption is less than withdrawal


Withdrawal, is the total amount of water taken from a lake, river, or aquifer for any purposes. Consumption, a fraction of withdrawn that is lost in transmission, evaporation and other and unavailable for other purposesas a result of human use

Water Use

In many developing countries, 70% of all the agriculture water used is lost to leaks in irrigation canals, runoff and evaporation Neraly half of all industrial water use is for cooling of electric power plants and other industrial facilities. Cooling water could be reused for irrigation

Distribution of World Population in 2005

Overpopulation

Overpopulation A situation of shortage of resources that is caused by population and not by other factors

Sambungan Rumah Tangga

Sambungan Langsung 60 250 l/orang/hari Sambungan Tidak Langsung/ Keran Umum 20 30 l/orang/hari

Fluktuasi pemakaian Air

Pemakaian Air (l/d, m3/h)

100/24

12

18

24

Waktu

Pemakaian Air
100/24

12

18

24

Waktu

Problems associated with overpopulation


Increased incidence of hemorrhagic fevers, HIV and other infectious diseases from crowding, disturbance of ecological systems and scarcity of available medical resources Starvation, malnutrition or poor diet with ill health and diet-deficiency diseases (e.g. rickets)

The Problem (1) Fresh water supplies are being depleted Use of fresh water from aquifers, groundwater, and lakes is exceeding replenishment by rainfall Freshwater supplies are being polluted by toxic organic and inorganic compounds

The Problem (2) Dams supply water to some and deprive it from others and have ecological impacts Overuse of fresh water is causing salt water intrusion of groundwater supplies

Should we remove Dams ?

Wastewater Management Subsystem

Typical variation in Daily Wastewater Flow

Air Resource Management Systems

SELESAI