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# SPM ZOOM-IN

## (Fully-worked Solutions) Form 4: Chapter 1 Standard Form

Paper 1 1 0.009495 = 0.00950 (3 sig. fig.) 5 Answer: D 2 709 000 = 709 000 = 7.09 105 Answer: B 3 0.049 + 3 10 = 4.9 102 + 0.03 102 104 = 4.9 102 + 0.03 102 = (4.9 + 0.03) 102 = 4.93 102
4

196 106 25

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 4: Chapter 2 Quadratic Expressions and Equations
Paper 1 1 6p2 p(3 p) = 6p2 3p + p2 = 7p2 3p Answer: C 2 If p = 2 is a root of the equation p2 kp 6 = 0, then we substitute p = 2 into p2 kp 6 = 0 2 (2) k(2) 6 = 0 4 + 2k 6 = 0 2k 2 = 0 2k = 2 2 k = 2 k =1 Answer: A Paper 2 1 3p2 + 10p p+2 3p2 + 10p 3p2 + 10p 2 3p + 10p 3p 6 3p2 + 7p 6 (3p 2)(p + 3) 3p 2 = 0 or 3p = 2 2 p = 3 2 or 3 p= 3 3(x2 + 9) = 2x 3(x2 + 9) = 3x2 + 27 = 2 3x 18x + 27 = 3(x2 6x + 9) = 3(x 3)(x 3) = x3= x = 9 9(2x) 18x 0 0 0 0 3 =3 = = = = = 3(p + 2) 3p + 6 0 0 0 p+3=0 p = 3

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 4: Chapter 3 Sets
Paper 1 1 Paper 2 1
A B I II III

A I II III C IV V

(a) A : Regions I and II B : Region I only A : Region III only B : Regions II and III Shaded region: Region II only Shaded region is A I and II Answer: B 2
A B C C A I II B IV III I

C : II, III, IV A : III, IV, V B : I, II, III C A A : II, III, IV, V B : II, III

A II III C B

(b)

B II

C III

## A : II, III, IV B : III, IV C : IV A A B : III, IV C : IV A A B = B C = C

A : C : A C : (A C) : Answer:
A

4 P 1 Q 2 R y

## n(Q n(Q n(Q

R) = y P) = 4 n(Q 4 4+3 7 P)

## 2 = (a) (b) (c) (d)

{11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20} P = {19} Since the universal set is less Q={ } than 22 n(Q) = 0 Q = {11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20} P Q = {19} n(P Q) = 1

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 4: Chapter 4 Mathematical Reasoning
Paper 2 1 (a) (i) Only common multiples of 6 and 7 are divisible by 7. All other multiples of 6 are not divisible by 7. Some multiples of 6 are divisible by 7. (ii) Hexagon means a six-sided polygon. All hexagons have 6 sides. (b) The converse of If p, then q is If q, then p. p: k 4, q: k 12 Converse: If k 12, then k 4. If k 12, then k = 13, 14, 15, All values greater than 12 are greater than 4 (e.g. 13 4). The converse is true. (c) This is a form III type of argument. Premise 1: If p, then q. Premise 2: Not q is true. Conclusion: Not p is true. p: Set A is a subset of set B. q: A B=A A B is not A. BA Premise 2: A 2 (a)
Q P

8 15 = 4 or 6 6 = 65 63. (c) The argument is a form III type of argument. Premise 1: If p, then q. Premise 2: Not q is true. Conclusion: Not p is true. q: n = 0, p: 5n = 0 Premise 1: If 5n = 0, then n = 0. 3 (a) 8 (5) = 40 and 9 3 True and False is False. The statement is false. (b) Implication 1: If p, then q. Implication 2: If q, then p. Statement: p if and only if q. x p: is an improper fraction, q: x y. y x The required statement is is an y improper fraction if and only if x > y. (c) Argument form II Premise 1: If p, then q. Premise 2: p is true. Conclusion: q is true. p: x 7, q: x 2 Premise 1: If x 7, then x 2. 4 (a) If antecedent, then consequent. 1 If 1% = , then 20% of 200 = 40. 100 (b) Argument form II Premise 1: If p, then q. Premise 2: p is true. Conclusion: q is true. p: cos = 0.5, q: = 60 Premise 2: cos = 0.5 34 (c) = 34 2 32 Let 4 = a and 2 = b. 3a Generalisation = 3a b 3b

Since Q P, all elements of Q are also elements of P. Some elements of set Q are elements of set P. False statement (b) 8 15 = 4 is false but 6 6 = 65 63 is true. 62 = 65 3 = 62 To make a compound statement true from one true and one false statement, the word or must be used.

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 4: Chapter 5 The Straight Line
Paper 1 1 4x + 3y = 12 3y = 4x + 12 4 y = x + 4 3 At y-intercept, x = 0 y=4 y-intercept = 4 Answer: D 2 7x + 4y = 5 4y = 7x + 5 7 5 y = x + 4 4 y = mx + c 7 m = 4 7 Gradient = 4 Answer: B 3 P(5, 6), Q(3, 2), R(1, k) mPQ = mPR P, Q, R are points on 2 (6) 3 (5) 8 2 k+6 k Answer: D Paper 2 1 (a) 4x 9y + 36 = 0 At G, x = 0, 4(0) 9y + 36 = 0 9y = 36 y=4 G(0, 4) (b) Let the equation of the straight line JK be y = mx + c. 4 mJK = mGH = 9 4 y = x + c 9 1 , 0 , 0 = + c 4 9 At J 4 2 9 2 0 = 2 + c c=2 k (6) = 1 (5) k+6 = 6 = 24 = 18
a straight line.

4 y = x + 2 9 or 9y = 4x + 18 or 4x 9y + 18 = 0 2 (a) O(0, 0), P(2, 6) 60 mOP = 20 =3 The gradient of OP is 3. (b) RQ//OP mRQ = mOP = 3 Let the equation of the straight line QR be y = 3x + c. At point R(7, 3), y = 3 and x = 7. 3 = 3(7) + c 3 = 21 + c c = 18 The equation of the straight line QR is y = 3x 18. (c) PQ//OR 3 mPQ = mOR = 7 Let the equation of the straight line PQ 3 be y = x + c. 7 At point P(2, 6), y = 6 and x = 2. 3 6 = (2) + c 7 6 6 =+c 7 36 c = 7 The y-intercept of the straight line 36 PQ is . 7

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 4: Chapter 6 Statistics III
Paper 1 1 Number of guidebooks Frequency Cumulative frequency The mode is 5. Answer: C 2 Score 1 2 3 4 5 2 3 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 10 8 10 18 28 36 (b) Mass (g) 580 599 600 619 620 639 640 659 660 679 680 699 700 719 720 739 Upper boundary 599.5 619.5 639.5 659.5 679.5 699.5 719.5 739.5 Cumulative frequency 0 2 5 15 27 34 38 40

## Mode is the value of data with the highest frequency.

Frequency 5 4 6 3 2

## The ogive is as shown below.

Cumulative frequency 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 O
667.5 599.5 619.5 639.5 659.5 679.5 699.5 719.5 739.5

fx Mean, x = f (1 5) + (2 4) + (3 6) + (4 3) + (5 2) = 5+4+6+3+2 53 = 20 = 2.65 The scores higher than the mean (2.65) are 3, 4 and 5 with the frequencies 6, 3 and 2 participants respectively. Hence, the number of participants getting scores higher than the mean score is 6 + 3 + 2 = 11 Answer: C Paper 2 1 (a) Mass (g) 600 619 620 639 640 659 660 679 680 699 700 719 720 739
6

Mass (g)

## Upper boundary 619.5 639.5 659.5 679.5 699.5 719.5 739.5

Tally

Frequency 2 3 10 12 7 4 2

Cumulative frequency 2 5 15 27 34 38 40

(c) From the ogive, 1 (i) 40 fish = 20 fish 2 Hence, the median mass = 667.5 g (ii) The median mass means that 50% (20) of the fish have masses of less than or equal to 667.5 g. 2 (a) Average Midpoint marks (x) 59 10 14 7 12 Tally Frequency (f) 4 7 fx 28 84

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## Average Midpoint marks (x) 15 19 20 24 25 29 30 34 35 39 40 44 17 22 27 32 37 42

Tally

Frequency (f) 9 8 5 4 5 3

## (c) fx 153 176 135 128 185 126

Frequency 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 4.5 9.5 14.5 19.5 24.5 29.5 34.5 39.5 44.5 Average marks

## f = 45 fx = 1015 fx 1015 5 (b) Mean = = = 22 f 9 45

(d) Percentage of students who need to attend extra classes 9+7+4 = 100 45 4% = 44 9

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 4: Chapter 7 Probability I
Paper 1 1 S = {15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30} n(S) = 16 A = Event that the sum of digits of the number on the chosen card is even A = {15, 17, 19, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28} n(A) = 8 1 8 P(A) = = 2 16 Answer: A 2 Male Female Total 28 4 Graduate Non-graduate Total 18 32 50 3 Thus, the table can now be completed, as shown below: Graduate Male Female Total 12 28 40 Non-graduate 6 4 10 Total 18 32 50

Hence, the number of male non-graduate teachers is 6. Answer: A Marks 1 40 41 70 71 100 Number of students h 88 8

The information in the above table is given. Number of graduate teachers = P(graduate teacher) Total number of teachers 4 = 50 5 = 40

14 P(marks not more than 70) = 15 14 h + 88 = 15 h + 88 + 8 14 h + 88 = 15 h + 96 15(h + 88) = 14(h + 96) 15h + 1320 = 14h + 1344 15h 14h = 1344 1320 h = 24 Answer: A

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 4: Chapter 9 Trigonometry II
Paper 1 1 tan = 1.7321 Basic = 60 = 360 60 = 300 Answer: C 24 2 tan y = 7 QS 24 = QR 7 QS 24 = 14 7 24 QS = 14 7 QS = 48 cm 1 QT = QS 4 1 QT = (48) 4 QT = 12 cm
O

300 x 60

cos x = cos PTQ QT = PT 12 = 13 Answer: B 3 The information on special angles of the unit circle is used to draw the graph of y = tan x. Therefore, the graph of y = tan x is D.
tan 90 = 90 180 O 0 tan 0 = 0 360 tan 360 = 0

tan 180 = 0

90

## x 180 270 360

PQ2 + QT 2 PT = 52 + 122 PT = 13 cm PT =

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 4: Chapter 10 Angles of Elevation and Depression
Paper 1 1
R Bird T Angle of depression = TRS Y U S Cat C W 4.2 m 53 V 19

## Answer: A CB 2 = tan 16 AB CB = AB tan 16 = 35 tan 16 = 10.0361

16 B 35 m A

XY = = = = =

XW YW 4.2(tan 53) 4.2(tan 19) 4.2(tan 53 tan 19) 4.127 m 4.1 m (correct to one decimal place)

The height of the pole, CB, is 10 m, correct to the nearest integer. Answer: A

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 4: Chapter 11 Lines and Planes in 3-Dimensions
Paper 1 1
P Q

S R

The angle between the line PM and the plane PSTU is NPM. In NUP, using the Pythagoras Theorem, 42 + 62 = 52 = 7.2111 cm NM NMP, tan NPM = NP 8 tan NPM = 7.2111 tan NPM = 1.1094 NPM = 4758
S P 20 cm D 4 cm A B C M Q R

NP =
W M V

T U

In

The angle between the line SM and the plane PTWS is MSN, where MN Normal to the plane PTWS SN Orthogonal projection on the plane PTWS
The angle between the line SM and its orthogonal projection (SN) is MSN.

E D J H G

The angle between the plane SABM and the plane SDCR is ASD.
F C The line of intersection of the planes SABM and SDCRM is SM. The line that lies on the plane SABM and is perpendicular to the line of intersection (SM) is SA. The line that lies on the plane SDCR and is perpendicular to the line of intersection (SM) is SD. The angle between the plane SABM and the plane SDCR is the angle between the lines SA and SD, i.e. ASD. S

The angle between the plane HGB and the plane DHGC is BGC.

The line of intersection of the planes HGB and DHGC is HG. The line that lies on the plane DHGC and is perpendicular to the line of intersection HG is GC. The line that lies on the plane HGB and is perpendicular to the line of intersection HG is GB. Hence, the angle between the plane HGB and the plane DHGC is the angle between the lines GC and GB, i.e. BGC.

20 cm

A 4 cm D T N 4 cm U S 8 cm P 8 cm Q R 6 cm W M V

Based on

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 5: Chapter 1 Number Bases
Paper 1 1 3 52 + 5 + 3 = 1 52 + 1 51 + 3 5
1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1 12 + 1 1 1 1 12 1 1 1 1 1 02 Answer: B 2 1 1 0 1 0 02 1 1 12
0 10

52
12 + 12 = 102 12 + 12 + 12 = 112

51 1

50 3

52 + 5 + 3 = 1135 Answer: C
102 12 = 12 12 12 = 0

4 83 + 5 = 1 83 + 0 82 + 0 81 + 5 80 83 1 82 0 81 0 80 5

1 1 0 1 0 02 1 1 12
1 0 10 10

83 + 5 = 10058 Answer: A 5
102 12 = 12 12 12 = 0

11010 0 1 1 12 0 12
1 1 0 10 10 10 10

## 421 421 421 421 421

1 1 0 1 0 02 1 1 12 1 0 1 1 0 12
102 12 = 12

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 5: Chapter 2 Graphs of Functions II
Paper 1 1 y = ax2 The greater the value of a, the graph will be closer to the y-axis. When a = 5, it is graph I, a = 1, it is graph II and 1 a = , it is graph III. 2 1 I: a = 5, II: a = 1, III: a = 2 Answer: D 18 2 y = is a reciprocal graph. x B is a quadratic graph. C and D are cubic graphs. Answer: A Paper 2 1 (a) Substitute x = 2, y = k into y = 2x2 3x 5. k = 2(2)2 3(2) 5 k=8+65 k=9 Substitute x = 3, y = m into y = 2x2 3x 5. m = 2(3)2 3(3) 5 m = 18 9 5 m=4 (b)
30
y =

## y = 2x2 3x 5 ...... 0 = 2x2 + 3x 17......

Graph drawn.

: such that 2x 2 + 3x 17 = 0 is y = 6x + 12 rearranged. Draw the straight line y = 6x + 12 by plotting the following points: When x = 0, y = 6(0) + 12 = 12. Plot (0, 12). When x = 1, y = 6(1) + 12 = 6. Plot (1, 6). When x = 2, y = 6(2) + 12 = 0. Plot (2, 0). The solution from the graph is x = 2.25. 16 2 (a) Substitute x = 2 into y = , then x 16 y = = 8 2 16 Substitute x = 3 into y = , then x 16 y = = 5.3 3 y (b), (d)
20 15 16 y = x 2.85 4 3 2 1 O 5 10 1 2 10 5 y=5 2.85 3 x x=1 y = 5x + 5

## Equation that has to be solved

y y = 2x 3x 5
2

15

y = 2x 16 y = x

25 20 15 10 5 4 1 2.25 2 3 4 4.35 5 x
12

1.5

(c) From the graph, (i) when x = 1.5, y = 4, (ii) when y = 20, x = 4.35. (d) To find the equation of the suitable straight line to be drawn, do the following:
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x 6 +

2 1 O 5

16 Graph drawn. (c) y = ...... x Equation that 16 has to be solved 0 = + 2x ...... such that x 16 : + 2x = 0 x is rearranged. y = 2x Draw the straight line y = 2x by plotting the following points: When x = 0, y = 2(0) = 0. Plot (0, 0). When x = 1, y = 2(1) = 2. Plot (1, 2). When x = 1, y = 2(1) = 2. Plot (1, 2). From the graph, the solutions are x = 2.85 and x = 2.85.

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 5: Chapter 3 Transformations III
Paper 2 1 (a) (i) H(4, 4) H(6, 1) H(0, 1) (ii) H(4, 4) H(2, 4) H(4, 1) (b) X Translation 5 3 Y Anticlockwise rotation of 90 about the point N(7, 10) (c) (i) Scale factor = 2, Centre = (1, 8) (ii) Area of EFG = 22 Area of ABC 52 = 4 Area of ABC Area of ABC = 13 units2 Area of LMN = Area of ABC = 13 units2
V W W V

2 (a)

## R T (i) P(2, 2) P(0, 2) P(2, 1) T R (ii) P(2, 2) P(0, 1) P(1, 0)

(b)

(i) V Reflection in the straight line y=x W Enlargement with centre (4, 1) and a scale factor of 3 (ii) Area of DEF = 32 Area of LMN 54 = 9 Area of LMN Area of LMN = 6 units2 Area of the shaded region = Area of DEF Area of LMN = 54 6 = 48 units2

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 5: Chapter 4 Matrices
Paper 1 1 3(6 p) + q(3 3) = (15 12) (18 3p) + (3q 3q) = (15 12) 18 + 3q = 15 ...... 3q = 15 18 3q = 3 3 q = 3 q = 1 3p + (3q) = 12 3p 3q = 12 ...... Substitute q = 1 into : 3p 3(1) = 12 3p + 3 = 12 3p = 12 3 3p = 9 9 p= 3 p=3 p + q = 3 + (1) = 3 1 = 2 Answer: A 2 1 + p = 4 7 3 q 1+p=4 7+3=q p=41 q = 10 p=3 p q = 3 10 = 30 Answer: C Paper 2 1 (a) Inverse of 4 5 6 7 1 = 7 (4 7) (5 6) 6 1 = 7 (28) (30) 6 1 = 7 28 + 30 6 1 = 7 2 6 5 4 q 4 5 4 (b) 4 5 x = 2 6 7 y 4 1 1 7 5 4 5 x = 7 5 2 2 6 4 4 2 6 4 6 7 y 1 1 0 x = (7 2) + (5 4) 0 1 y 2 (6 2) + (4 4) 1 x = 14 + 20 y 2 12 + 16 1 = 34 2 28 34 = 2 28 2 = 17 14 x = 17 and y = 14 2 (a) If no inverse, ad bc = (2 4) (4 d) = 8 4d = 4d = 0. 0 0 8

8 d = 4 d = 2 (b) Q = 2 3 if d = 3 4 4 1 Q1 = 4 (2 4) (3 4) 4 1 = 4 3 8 + 12 4 2 1 = 4 3 4 4 2 3 1 4 = 1 1 2 2 (c) QP = 6 2 3 a = 2 4 4 b 6 1 1 4 3 2 3 a = 4 3 2 4 4 2 6 4 4 2 4 4 b 1 1 0 a = (4 2) + 0 1 b 4 (4 2) + 1 a = 8 + 18 b 4 8 + 12

3 2

5 4

5 = k 7 4 6

(3 6) (2 6)

1 k = and q = 5 2
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1 a = 10 b 4 4 10 = 4 1 5 = 2 1 5 1 a = or 2 , b = 1 2 2

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 5: Chapter 5 Variations
Paper 1 1 1 Given s , r2 k s = r2 s2 3 r t ks2 , where k is a constant r = t When r = 8, s = 2 and t = 3, k(2)2 8 = 3 24 = 4k k=6 6s2 r = t When r = 27, s = 6 and t = u, 6(6)2 27 = u 216 u = 27 u=8 Answer: C

k is a constant.

When r = 2 and s = 5, k 5 = 22 k = 20 20 s = r2 Answer: D 2 s r3 s = kr3, where k is a constant When s = 192 and r = 4, 192 = k(4)3 k=3 s = 3r3 When s = 24, 24 = 3r3 r3 = 8 r = 2 Answer: B

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 5: Chapter 6 Gradient and Area Under a Graph
Paper 2 1 (a) Average speed of the lorry for the whole journey from point P to point Q Total distance travelled = Total time taken 300 = 16 3 = 18 m s1 4 (b) Speed of the car for the whole journey = Gradient of the straight line ABC Vertical axis = Horizontal axis 300 0 = 10 0 = 30 m s1 Hence, the speed of the car for the whole journey from point Q to point P is 30 m s1. (c) The point on the distancetime graph when the lorry and the car meet is the intersection point of the graph OBD and the graph ABC, i.e. point B. Hence, the distance from point Q when the lorry and the car meet is 300 60 = 240 m 2 (a) Total distance travelled by the particle for the whole journey is 310 m. Total area under the graph = 310 1 1 (4 25) + (25 + 40)(4) + (t 8)(40) = 310 2 2 100 + 130 + 20(t 8) = 310 20(t 8) = 80 t8=4 t = 12 (b) Rate of speed of the particle from the 4th second to the 8th second = Gradient of the graph from the 4th second to the 8th second 40 25 = 84 3 = 3 m s2 4 (c) Average speed of the particle in the first 8 seconds Total distance = Total time Area under the graph in the first 8 s = 8 From (a) 100 + 130 = 8 3 = 28 m s1 4

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 5: Chapter 7 Probability II
Paper 1 1 Let R = Event of obtaining a round biscuit Sq = Event of obtaining a square biscuit T = Event of obtaining a triangular biscuit S = Sample space P(T) = 1 P(R) P(Sq) 3 1 P(T) = 1 7 4 9 P(T) = 28 n(T) 9 = 28 n(S) 36 9 = 28 n(S) 9 n(S) = 36 28 36 28 n(S) = 9 n(S) = 112 n(R) + n(Sq) + n(T) n(R) + n(Sq) + 36 n(R) + n(Sq) n(R) + n(Sq) Answer: C 2 Let G = Event of obtaining a green disc B = Event of obtaining a blue disc S = Sample space 5 6 P(B) = 1 P(G) = 1 = 11 11 n(B) 5 = 11 n(S) 30 5 = 11 n(S) 5 n(S) = 30 11 30 11 n(S) = 5 n(S) = 66 n(G) = n(S) n(B) = 66 30 = 36 Answer: A = = = = 112 112 112 36 76 3 Let B = Event of drawing a blue ball R = Event of drawing a red ball S = Sample space 5 Given P(R) = , 8 n(R) 5 = 8 n(S) n(R) 5 = 8 32 5 n(R) = 32 8 n(R) = 20 Let the number of blue balls added = h Therefore, n(S) = 32 + h 5 P(R) = New value of P(R) 9 n(R) 5 = 9 n(S) 20 5 = 32 + h 9 5(32 + h) = 180 160 + 5h = 180 5h = 20 h =4 Hence, the number of new blue balls that have to be added to the bag is 4. Answer: D Paper 2 1 (a) P(letter M) n(M) = n(S) 2+5 = 2+5+3+4 7 = 14 1 = 2

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(b) P(both the cards drawn are cards with the letter N) After 1 card with the letter 6 7 N is taken out, it is left with = 6 cards with the letter N out 13 14
of the balance of 13 cards. Initially, there are 7 cards with the letter N out of 14 cards.

2 (a)

1 P(Z) = 5 Number of male students from school Z 1 = 5 Total number of male students from all the three schools 1 10 = 5 k + 22 + 10 k + 32 = 50 k = 18

3 = 13 (c) P(both the cards drawn are of different colours) G Green = P(GY or YG) Y Yellow = P(GY) + P(YG) 9 5 5 9 = + 13 13 14 14
After 1 green card is taken out, it is left with 13 cards and so there are 9 yellow cards out of the 13 cards.

(b) P(Two students from school Y are of the same gender) = P(MM or FF) = P(MM) + P(FF) 22 21 18 17 = + 40 39 40 39 32 = 65

45 = 91

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 5: Chapter 8 Bearing
Paper 1 1
North

North

## Let the bearing of point K from point H be . = 360 35 40 = 285 Answer: C

Bearing of A from B

B 60

60 A 120

3 Label the east and north direction and write down all the provided information onto the diagram.
North Alternate angles are equal. North 30 P 60 30 30 Q

Bearing of A from B = 180 + 60 = 240 Answer: C 2 Label the north direction and write down all the provided information onto the diagram.
Bearing of F from K = 065 North

## 65 40 K 180 100 FHK = 2

From the above diagram, the bearing of point Q from point P is 030. Answer: A

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 5: Chapter 9 Earth as a Sphere
Paper 1 1 (a)
N D 50 40 148

O 32

148E S

Based on the above diagram: The latitude of point D = (90 50)N = 40N The longitude of point D = (180 32)E = 148E Hence, the location of point D is (40N, 148E). Answer: A 2
N 0

(i) The latitude of point R is 35S. (ii) The longitude of point L is (180 70)E = 110E (b) Distance of ML (along the parallel of latitude) = 180 60 cos 35 = 8846.8 n.m. (c) Distance of LMR (via the North Pole) = 180 60 = 10 800 n.m. Average speed Distance = Speed 10 800 = 600 = 18 hours

Hence, the time the aeroplane reached point R is 0500 + 1800 = 2300. 2
30N L O R 40 50 80 P Q M S 35E O 30 30 K N C J

100 S

The latitude of point R = (90 50)S = 40S The longitude of point R = (180 80)W = 100W Hence, the position of point R is (40S, 100W). Answer: B Paper 2 1
M 180 35 35 R 70W S 110E O

(a) The position of point Q is (30S, (180 35)W) = (30S, 145W) (b) (i) JK = 3300 n.m. JOK 60 = 3300 3300 JOK = 60 JOK = 55

N L 35 N

30N

55 Equator 0 xS K

x = 55 30 = 25

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(ii) JL = 4936 n.m. JCL 60 cos 30 = 4936 4936 JCL = 60 cos 30 JCL = 95
yW L 95 0 G 35E J

Total distance travelled (c) Time taken = Speed JL + LM = 600 4936 + [(30 + 40) 60] = 600 4936 + 4200 = 600 9136 = 600 = 15.23 hours = 15 hours 14 minutes

y = 95 35 = 60
0.23 hours = 0.23 60 = 13.8 = 14 (correct to the nearest minute)

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## Suc Math SPM (Zoom IN).indd 24

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SPM ZOOM-IN
(Fully-worked Solutions) Form 5: Chapter 10 Plans and Elevations
Paper 2 1 (a)
K/Q

2 (a)
4 cm L/P

C/D 2 cm J/I

B/A

5 cm

4 cm

A/D

B/C K/L 4 cm

3 cm F/E 3 cm G/H

J/G

M/N Plan

## Elevation as viewed from Y

(b)

(i)

(b)

(i)
A 2 cm H/J/K 4 cm M/L 6 cm 4 cm 4 cm D/G/Q 4 cm N/D/P 4 cm E/F/C D/I/E 4 cm B M/A/H N/R/S 1 cm W/Q/T P/B/G 1 cm 3 cm C/J/F

## Elevation as viewed from X

8 cm Plan M N W P

(ii)
B/A 2 cm H 5 cm M/J L/K

(ii)

2 cm D/A R Q C/B 2 cm I J 3 cm

4 cm 4 cm C/D

E/D

5 cm

F/N/G