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Phrase

simple : une phrase complexe : proposition principale + proposition subordonne une proposition => un verbe

Ordre des mots dans la phrase


Dans une phrase ANG lordre des mots est plus stricte que dans une phrase FR

sujet + verbe + COD


on ne spare jamais verbe et COD

Mr Jones bought a diamond.

sujet + verbe + COD + COI


on ajoute COI aprs COD

Mr Jones bought a diamond for his wife.

(CC) + sujet + verbe + COD + COI + (CC) :


CC en fin de phrase ou au dbut

Mr Jones bought a diamond for his wife in London last week. Last week, in London, Mr Jones bought a diamond for his wife.

( lieu => temps) ( temps, lieu )

transpos la phrase ngative & interrogative :


Did Mr Jones buy a diamond for his wife in London last week ? Mr Jones didnt buy a diamond for his wife in London last week.

cas particulier : COD & complment dattribution :


deux possibilits se prsentent

Mr Jones offered his wife a diamond. Mr Jones offered a diamond to his wife.

Autres particularits :
pas de constructions impersonnels Il est venu beaucoup de monde. Il faut que jy aille. on inverse parfois en franais Here we go ! Maybe he was late. He didnt answer my letters, so I wrote again. phrase commence adverbe ou particule Here comes the bride. Up went the lift. Heres your change. mise en relief (dont inversion) Never shall I forget Hardly had she left when Only then did I see the truth. Such was my surprise that So pleased was I with the show that Ben bought a car yesterday. It was Ben who bought a car yesterday. It was a car that Ben bought yesterday. It was yesterday that Ben bought a car. What Ben bought was a car. What Ben did was to buy a car. What do you want ? asked the lad. What do you want ? the lad asked. Jamais je noublierai A peine tait-elle partie que Ce fut alors seulement que je vis la vrit. Telle fut ma surprise que Jtais tellement heureux du spectacle que (neutre) ( loral on accentue seulement le mot) Lots of people came. I must go. Cest parti ! Peut-tre tait-il en retard. Il navait pas rpondu mes lettres, aussi lui ai-je de nouveau crit Voici la marie. Et lascenseur monta. Voici votre monnaie.

(crit, litt ) (oral)

Que voulez-vous ? demanda le garon. Que voulez-vous ? demanda le garon.