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RELATED ISSUE 4:

To what extent should I as a citizen respond to globalization?

TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD I AS A


CITIZEN RESPOND TO GLOBALIZATION?
Chapter 13
Human Rights and Democracy

Chapter 14
Global Awareness

Chapter 15
Global Connections

Chapter 16
The Global Citizen

CHAPTER 13
To what extent have democracy and human rights shaped and been shaped by globalization?

TO WHAT EXTENT HAVE DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS SHAPED AND BEEN SHAPED BY GLOBALIZATION?
Do you think the photographs where taken in democratic countries? What evidence supports your answer? What rights are the protestors exercising? What do you think the protestors in each photograph are demanding?

These pictures were published in the media. What effect do you think they might have had around the world? What evidence of globalization

TO WHAT EXTENT HAVE DEMOCRACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS SHAPED AND BEEN SHAPED BY GLOBALIZATION?
Looking Ahead: What are human rights? How are ideas about human rights and democracy related? How are globalization, human rights and democracy related? Vocabulary Terms Basic Needs Inalienable Human trafficking

DUAL GRAFFITI BOARD


What are rights that people in Canada have? What are some rights that you have? What are rights that all people should have?

Emotional Needs Social Needs Mental Needs

What are human rights?

Physical Needs

What are basic needs?

Spiritual Needs

WHAT ARE HUMAN RIGHTS?


From Wikipedia: Rights are principles of freedom or entitlement; that is, rights are the fundamental rules about what is allowed of people or owed to people, according to some legal system, social convention, or ethical theory. Rights are often considered fundamental to civilization, being regarded as established pillars of society and culture, and the history of social conflicts can be found in the history of each right and its development. According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, "rights structure the form of governments, the content of laws, and the shape of morality as it is currently perceived. The connection between rights and struggle cannot be overstated rights are not as much granted or endowed as they are fought for and claimed, and the essence of struggles past and ancient are encoded in the spirit of current concepts of rights and their modern formulations.

WHAT ARE HUMAN RIGHTS


Is having ones basic needs met a fundamental human right?
If so who should be responsible for meeting these needs?(e.g. individuals themselves, governments, organizations)

Read Views on human rights p. 306 as a class


Read Ideas activity:
Do all human beings have the same rights? Do you expect to be treated differently from others? Does being treated fairly mean being treated the same? If you needs are different from other peoples should you have different rights?

WHAT ARE HUMAN RIGHTS?


The Evolution of Ideas about Human Rights p308 Inalienable cannot be taken away or transferred. Rights that you cannot be alienated from Views on which rights are inalienable have varied widely over history. Our modern views on rights are centered on individual freedom and developed during the Enlightenment period.

CONFLICTING RIGHTS
Individual vs. Collective Rights
E.g. TSE full body scanners

Are some rights more important than other rights? Are there situations when rights can/should be limited or restricted?

Security of Person vs. Freedom of Religion


E.g. Female Genital Mutilation

Freedom of Speech vs. Freedom from Discrimination


E.g. Hate Speech

What are some criteria we might use to solve problems where rights conflict?

HOW ARE IDEAS ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY RELATED?


In your pods take turns reading about some early ideas about human Rights priority (by contemporary rights. standards) Each pod will choose one of the societies listed and Persia conquered and ruled give evidence of how: Religious Tolerance
How that society showed concern for human (Cyrus over other nations Recorded promises rights Persia Cylinder) Ways that society did not put the same priorities on human rights as contemporary society? Citizens had the right to Only landholding males vote and participate in could be citizens Greece democratic debate Protected sick slaves Allowed conquered peoples a voice in government Laws of Manu set our rights and duties for members of various castes (social groups) Held slaves Conquered and ruled over other nations People are distributed into various castes (social groups) Ancient Society Concern for Human Human rights are not a

Rome

India

HOW ARE IDEAS ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY RELATED?


Major milestones in the evolution of The Universal Declaration of Human democracy and human rights: Rights: Great Law of Peace
Oral constitution of the 5 Haudenosaunee Set out a decision making process for elected representatives United Nations declares: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. Sets out rights in 6 areas: Political Civil Equality Economic, Social And Cultural

The American Constitution:


Written constitution of the 13 colonies of the United States (1787) Set out a decision making process for elected representatives

HOW ARE IDEAS ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY RELATED?


Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms:
Adopted in 1982 Sets up 7 categories of rights protected in Canada
Legal rights life, liberty, security of person Equality rights right to the protection of the law without discrimination based on things like race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, gender, age or physical disability) Language rights equality of French and English in certain situations Minority language education rights provincial governments must educate in a minority language when numbers warrant.

Rights covered:
Fundamental freedoms conscience, religion Democratic rights freedom to vote Mobility rights right to live move and work within Canada

HOW ARE IDEAS ABOUT HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRACY RELATED?


Read Human Rights and Colonization p. 314 Back to back activity: Read Human Rights in Former Colonies p. 315 Examine the chart of p. 315

With a partner stand back to back In your pods come up with: Together come up with 5 ways a cause, an effect and an that the sources on these pages example of a Legacy of are linked Imperialism. That could be Every time you come up with a way that they are linked turn added to the chart. around and give each other a You may use one of the countries big high-five! listed or choose another example When you have come up with a (e.g. Pakistan, Mexico, or South total of 5 ways do a celebration Africa) dance!

HOW ARE GLOBALIZATION, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND DEMOCRACY RELATED?


Read p. 316 up to the profile

Expert groups: Each pod will read one section corresponding to a force of globalization: Trade and Transnationals p.317 Transportation and the Movement of People p. 318 The Media p.319 Communication Technologies p. 320

How does your assigned globalizing force affect the spread of human rights and democracy? Give examples

Record your conclusions in point form on your piece of chart paper.


Rate the overall affect of your assigned force on a scale of 1-10 (1= Negative, 10= Positive). Have a spokesperson ready to explain your answer

BOTTLED WATER
Water is a basic need. People cannot survive more than a few days without water. Should companies be allowed to charge whatever they want for bottled water? Should companies be allowed to bottle and sell water at all? How does this problem affect people in developing nations? Does bottled water undermine our right to clean safe drinking water? Here in Canada? In other places around the world? Tapped Trailer (5:41) The Story of Bottled Water (8:04) 2 million plastic bottles are used in the united states every 5 minutes

POINTS OF VIEW
Read Points of View p. 321
Choose one of the sources:
Analyse the source Draft an introductory paragraph for a position paper, with a thesis that answers the question: To what extent do democracies promote human rights in a globalizing world? Remember to include 3 reasons to support your thesis.

Post the final draft of your introductory paragraph to the class blog

BLOG POST: INTRO PARAGRAPH

Hook Sentence
Grabs the readers attention Generally related to the topic Quote, Anecdote, or interesting fact

Topic Sentence
Explain the major concepts of the paragraph. Explicitly states the topic E.g. democracy, human rights, and globalization

Analysis of the source


What is the sources perspective on the topic? How do know this is the sources perspective? Use specific evidence and examples

Thesis Statement
Directly answers the question Is followed by 3 reasons (topics) which support the thesis.

EXEMPLAR
The first principle of a free society is an untrammeled flow of words in an open forum. - Adlai E Stevenson. (Hook Sentence). The process of globalization has a direct effect on the principles of democracy and human rights (Topic Sentence). In the caption provided Nobel Prize winning economist Amartya Sen, explains just how important a democratic free press is in promoting human rights within a country. He highlights how access to basic needs can be easily denied in countries where open discussion cannot question policies which harm the people. Examples he includes are the dictatorial regimes of the former Soviet Union and China, where famines were caused by ill conceived policies. These deeply defective policies were not questioned by a free press and continued despite the fact that they were killing millions of people (Source Analysis). Democracies are instrumental in promoting human rights in a globalizing world (Thesis Statement). They allow people choice in how they are governed, provide a forum for the discussion of ideas, and allow an educated electorate to question bad policies. (Three reasons which will become the topic sentences for each of my body paragraphs)

CHAPTER 14:
To what extent does global awareness affect quality of life?

TO WHAT EXTENT DOES GLOBAL


AWARENESS AFFECT QUALITY OF LIFE?
Read Introduction p. 325. Discuss the bulleted questions on p. 325 in your pods. Be prepared to share your answers.

HOW HAS GLOBALIZATION


AFFECTED AWARENESS OF ISSUES?
At its best, the internet can educate more people than any other media tool we ever had. At its worst, it can make people dumber faster than any other media tool we ever had. Thomas Freidman, editorial writer for the New York Times
Think, pair share: come up with three ideas to support each of Mr. Freidmans contentions. Continuum (Horseshoe) Debate. Read pp. 326-227

HOW HAS GLOBALIZATION


AFFECTED AWARENESS OF ISSUES?
Assessing the affects of new technology (4.14.1)
In your pods select a communication technology, work together to list effects of this technology and assess how positive or negative these effects are. Be prepared to share you findings with the class

Read Ideas
Discuss and answer questions

HOW HAS GLOBALIZATION


AFFECTED AWARENESS OF ISSUES?
Ingenuity Gap p.328:
What is ingenuity? What do you think might be meant by this term?
Read the first Paragraph. Does this answer those questions?

How do you think the ingenuity gap might affect developing and developed nations differently?
Read to the bottom of the page. Can you think of some issues that might be affected by the ingenuity gap? Is there a way we can bridge the gap for these issues?

What are some problems that you can see making the ingenuity gap worse?
Read the bullets. Which problems do you think are the biggest concern?

Complete Bridging Ingenuity Gap 4.14.2 with your pods Be prepared to share answers

HOW HAS GLOBAL AWARENESS AFFECTED GENDER ISSUES?


In Canada, men and women are equal.
To what extent is this statement true?
In your notes rate how true you think this statement is (1=completely false, 10=completely true) Lets compare answers
Girls? Boys?

How do you think this compares to other countries?

Human sexuality is complicated

HOW HAS GLOBAL AWARENESS AFFECTED GENDER ISSUES?


Read p. 329 up to Gender issues and communication technology
Examine the data in the chart (fig 14-4)
Do you notice any patterns in the information? What factors do you think contribute to or influence the gender gap in countries?

What It's Like Being Violated As a Teenage Girl


Editorial in the Huffington Post this week

Read FYI
Why do you think that literacy makes such a big difference?

HOW HAS GLOBAL AWARENESS AFFECTED GENDER ISSUES?


Read Gender issues and communication technologies including The communication gap pp. 329-330
Do the females you know seem to have less access to communication technology?

Complete Use of Communication Technology survey (4.14.3)


Males and Females, plot your date separately Compare results Complete reflection on your own.

HOW HAS GLOBAL AWARENESS AFFECTED GENDER ISSUES?


Read Women in Government and Women and Employment p.331 In your pods Shake Out this source.
What is the cartoonists message? What techniques has the cartoonist used to communicate this message? Is there a change that could make this message more powerful?

HOW HAS GLOBAL AWARENESS AFFECTED LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT ISSUES?


Watch the following video:
What is the major issue being discussed? What are trade unions doing for the laborers in Columbia? Why might Coke-a-Cola, not want unions in its Columbian factories? Does Coke-a-Cola, have an obligation fix its labour problems in Columbia, Guatemala and Turkey?

HOW HAS GLOBAL AWARENESS AFFECTED LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT ISSUES?


Create a Venn Diagram in your notes like the one to the right.

Read silently Unions and Collective Bargaining pp. 334-335. Including Voices
While you read fill in your Venn Diagram. You will have to use previous learning to fill in the Transnational Shareholders section

Goals of International Unions

Goals of Transnational Shareholders

What is an International Union and how might it balance the concerns of labourers and shareholders?

IMPACT: FAIR TRADE


Have you ever seen this logo before? If so, where? What symbols does the logo include? What do you think they represent? What do you think Fair Trade Certified means?

IMPACT: FAIR TRADE


Read about the Fair Trade movement on pp. 336-337
Together:
Can we find 3 trends in the data? What might these numbers look like today? In 2015?
Lets check our predictions

What new items would benefit from being bought and sold under the Fair Trade label?

Think Pair Share:


Discuss: To what extent should you as a consumer, be concerned about the way a product reaches the marketplace? Write a response to this question and post it to our class blog.

HOW ARE GLOBAL AWARENESS AND QUALITY OF LIFE RELATED?


Read the first 3 paragraphs of p. 339 Examine the photo and caption (Fig 14-9)
What project has Marbury undertaken? How do his actions relate to his own life experiences? What opportunity is Marbury passing up by charging only $15 for his shoes? Would you buy a pair of his shoes? Why or why not?

HOW ARE GLOBAL AWARENESS AND QUALITY OF LIFE RELATED?


Social Clauses:
An idea to help establish minimum labour standards around the world. A clause that would be added to trade agreements saying that the countries involved would keep up minimum labour standards or face economic sanctions

Effective Governance:
When people are governed effectively quality of life improves Human rights

Efficient and effective institutions (e.g. courts)


Police do not abuse power Parliaments reflect goals of citizens

HOW ARE GLOBAL AWARENESS AND QUALITY OF LIFE RELATED?


Imagine that you are a successful 33 year old. You have a great job and are married with two small children. You are living your ideal life. In your notes, describe your life in as much detail as possible. Be sure your description is realistic.

HOW ARE GLOBAL AWARENESS AND QUALITY OF LIFE RELATED?


Two years have passed. You are now 35. A year ago, you were badly hurt in a major accident. Although doctors say that you will eventually recover, you have been forced to stop working. Your savings are gone because your workplace did not offer disability insurance and your health insurance does not cover the full cost of your medication and rehabilitation treatments. As a result, you have borrowed $15 000 from a bank and $5000 from your parents.
How does being burdened with this large debt affect your quality of life? Jot down 3-4 ways this burden would affect your life, compare you answers with an elbow partner.

HOW ARE GLOBAL AWARENESS AND QUALITY OF LIFE RELATED?


You are now 45. You are feeling better and have started working again. But finding a good job has been hard because you are older and were unable to keep up your skills while you recovered from the accident. You earn $15 an hour. You have finally started to pay off your debt, but interest charges have increased your bank debt to $18 000 and you still owe your parents $3000. With a new partner describe what life is like for you and your family.

HOW ARE GLOBAL AWARENESS AND QUALITY OF LIFE RELATED?


In your pods discuss:
What would you need in order to get out of debt? How would your life in this scenario be different if your debts were forgiven? How would society benefit if your debts were forgiven? (e.g., perhaps your daughter would not need to work after school to help with family expenses and she would be able to focus more on schoolwork)

HOW ARE GLOBAL AWARENESS AND QUALITY OF LIFE RELATED?


Read Foreign Debt p340 How are the challenged of the imaginary debt scenario similar to those of countries who go deeply in debt? How do structural adjustment policies affect people in developing nations? Structural Adjustment vs. Austerity Measures
The terms structural adjustment and austerity measures often refer to similar policies. Based on what happened to Latin American countries because of Structural Adjustments, what do you think might occur in Greece? Or Spain? How might these policies effect the whole European Union (Eurozone)?

POINTS OF VIEW
Read the three sources on p.341 On a new piece of paper create a t-chart divide your paper roughly 30:70

Label the left column Evidence/Quotes. Label the right column What this tells me about the authors perspective.
Choose one of the three points of view and Shake it out using your tchart. Copy down specific quotes from your source and explain what the author means by that quote, and what it tells you about that authors perspective. At the bottom of your page rate the authors perspective on whether globalization is a positive or negative force on the quality of life of most people on Earth (1=completely negative, 10=completely positive), then state whether you Strongly Agree, Agree, Disagree or Strongly Disagree with the perspective of the author.

CHAPTER 15
To what extent do global connections affect people?

TO WHAT EXTENT DO GLOBAL CONNECTIONS AFFECT PEOPLE?


Examine Fig 15-1 and read p.345 Answer 1-2 questions per pod. Discuss your answers and appoint a spokesperson to share your conclusions with the class. Key Terms:
Virtual Communities Pandemic

HOW DOES GLOBALIZATION CHANGE COMMUNITIES?


Virtual Communities p.346
Chat rooms, blogs, forums, instant messaging

Social Media
E.g. Facebook, Google+, LinkedIn, Twitter MMORPGs E.g. Second Life , World of Warcraft Often have virtual economies that have real-world value

Transnational Corporations and Communities p. 347


Something Wal-Mart this way comes

HOW DOES GLOBALIZATION CHANGE COMMUNITIES?


Effects of Immigration on Communities:
Read pp. 348-349

Examine Fig. 15-5 (To 10 Census Metropolitan Area Destinations for Immigrants 2005) and Fig. 15-6 (Immigrant Population by Place of Birth for Selected Census Metropolitan Areas, 2001) Complete Analyzing Immigration Statistics (4.15.2)

HOW DOES GLOBALIZATION CHANGE COMMUNITIES?


What are the boundaries of your community?
Read the three students perspectives from Ideas p.348

What do you see as the boundaries of your community? In what ways has your definition of community changed over the years?

In what ways is it likely to continue to change?

HOW DOES THE GLOBAL NEED


FOR RESOURCES AFFECT PEOPLE?
Read pp. 350-51 and make Cornell notes on the following sections
Oil in Africa Iraq, Oil, and War

Alberta and Oil

Tar Sands Oil Production

IMPACT: FORT MCMURRAY


Read Impact: Fort McMurray pp. 352-353
Deadly Highway 63
Between 2001 and 2005, over 1,000 crashes occurred Highway 63 in which 25 people were killed and 257 others were injured. As of October 2009, the twinning of approximately 16 km (9.9 mi) of this 240 km (150 mi) corridor had been completed.

Create a timeline which lists the major events in the development of the oil sands around Fort McMurray.
For each event note briefly what effect it had on the community

HOW DOES GLOBALIZATION AFFECT PEOPLES HEALTH?


Pandemic: An epidemic which spreads to many regions around the world. Epidemic: a large outbreak of an infectious disease in a given population Read pp. 355-56: Black Death: in the 14th century the bubonic plague killed 75 million people approx. 2/3 of the population of Europe Spanish Flu: after WWI a virulent strain of the flu which killed 100 million people. Affected and killed healthy adults SARS: a potential pandemic which was mostly averted by the World Health Organizations (WHO) quick response

HOW DOES GLOBALIZATION AFFECT PEOPLES HEALTH?

POINTS OF VIEW
Examine the sources presented on p. 357
Write a short summary of each speakers message. Share your summary with a partner, and compare you interpretations
What role does globalization play in your interpretations? Did your own responses change as a result of your discussion?

SUSTAINABILITY REVISITED: THREE COMPONENTS


Goals of economic growth:
Ensure a sustainable economy

Encourage innovation and productivity


Maintain high levels of employment

Goals of environmental stewardship:


Protect and enhance natural systems Make efficient use of resources Make efficient use of energy supplies

Goals of social progress:


Ensure justice for all citizens Encourage social inclusion Create sustainable communities

HOW HAVE PEOPLE RESPONDED TO GLOBAL ISSUES?


Use the information from pp.359-363 to answer the following questions. You may work with a partner.
How do consumers respond to global issues? How effective do you think consumer action can be? What is civil society? What types of groups are recognized as civil society? What is the role of civil society? What is a corporate citizenship statement? What are ISO standards? How is corporate citizenship related to ISOs? How do governments respond to global issues?

BLOG POST
Examine and analyse the cartoon above. Explain the message that the cartoonist is conveying, give specific details and evidence (i.e. SSTIC) (1 Point). What global connections does this cartoon suggest? (1 point)

CHAPTER 16
To what extent should I embrace global citizenship?

TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD I


EMBRACE GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP?

TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD I


EMBRACE GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP?
How might seeing Earth in this way affect your point of view on globalization? Who might thinking about earth as a unified whole affect your point of view on the meaning of global citizenship? What does the term Spaceship Earth reveal about the need for stewardship? Would you identify yourself as a crew member or a passenger or both aboard Spaceship Earth What does global citizenship mean? What does a global citizen do? What is my role in a globalizing world?

Key Terms: Cross-cultural communication

WHAT DOES GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP MEAN?


Citizenship = Rights + Responsibilities
Examine rights and responsibilities of Canadians on pp.368 Global citizenship is something people self-identify with. It is a label you choose. But what does it mean? With a partner brainstorm 5 rights and 5 responsibilities of a global citizen.

Waving Flag

What does global citizenship mean to you? Read Ideas p. 369 Do you think that global citizenship is a reality? Can you become a responsible global citizen and what does this mean? Debate BRT Global citizenship is a realistic concept

WHAT DOES A GLOBAL CITIZEN DO?


Read and jot notes on the information from pp. 371, 374-375 Write a one paragraph response to the question:
What does a global citizen do?

POINTS OF VIEW
Read the perspectives presented on p. 376
In your notes briefly summarize each speakers point of view. Rank the speakers from most in favor of global citizenship to least in favor.

WHAT IS MY ROLE IN THE GLOBALIZING WORLD?


Jigsaw Activity: In groups of 5 develop a skit which reflects one of the following
Active Citizens Active Students Active Consumers Active Corporations

John Lennon - Imagine