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# EEL305 DC Drives fed with 1- converters:

1)A separately excited dc motor is fed from a 230V,50Hz source through a 1 half controlled converter. Its field is fed through 1- semi converter with zero degree firing angle delay. Ra=0.7 and motor constant=0.5V.Sec/rad. For rated load torque of 15N-m at 1000rpm and for continuous ripple free currents determine a) firing angle delay of the armature converter b) rms value of thyristor and freewheeling diode current c) input power factor of the armature converter. Sol:a)Motor constant=0.5 v-sec/rad = 0.5 Nm/A= K Armature current =Torque / K = 15/0.5= 30 A Motor back emf, Ea=K*m=0.5*(2*3.14*1000) /60=52.36 V For 1 half wave conveter feeding a dc motor, Vt=(Vm(1+cos))/ = Ea+Ia*Ra Vt=2*230*(1+cos) / =52.36+30*0.7=72.36 V =cos1[(73.36*2*3.14/ (230*2) -1]=65.336 Thus the firing angle of armature converter is 65.33 b)Rms value of the thyristor current is Thyristor current=Ia [(-)/2)]=30[(180-65.336/360)]=16.931 A=Isr Rms value of the free wheeling diode current is Ifdr=Ia[(+)/2]=30[(180+65.336) /360]=24.766A C)Input power factor from the armature converter Is=Vt*Ia/(Vs*Isr)=73.36*30/ (230*16.931)=0.5651 lag. 2)The speed of a 15hP,220V,1000rpm dc series motor is controlled using a 1 half controlled bridge converter. The combined armature and field resistance is 0.2. Assuming continuous and ripple free motor current and speed of 1000 rpm and K=0.03Nm/A 2,determine a)motor current b)motor torque for a firing angle =30. Supply AC voltage is 250V. Sol: for a DC series motor Vt=Ea+Ia(Ra+Rs) Motor torque Te=K*Ia2 Ea=Ka**m=K*Ia*m a)from the above ,Vt=Vo=Ea+Ia(Ra+Rs) Vt=Vo=(Vm*(1+cos))/=Ea+Ia(Ra+Rs)=K*Ia*m+Ia(Ra+Rs) = 2*250(1+cos30)/=0.03*Ia*(2*1000/60)+0.2Ia 209.97=3.3416Ia Motor armature current ,Ia=209.97/3.3416=62.84A b)motor torque , Te=K*Ia*Ia=0.03(62.84)*(62.84)=118.466Nm.

3) The speed of a separately excited dc motor is controlled by a 1 fully controlled bridge converter with field being also controlled by a full converter. The field current is set to the max possible value. The supply voltage to armature & field converters is 220V, 50Hz. Ra=0.2, Rf=150 and motor voltage constant K =1.1 V.Sec/A.Rad. The Ia value corresponding to full-load is 25 A. The inductance of armature and field are sufficient to make field and armature currents continuous and ripple free.

i)if delay angle of armature converter is =45 Ia=25A determine a)torque developed by motor b)speed and c)input power factor of drive ii)if delay angle is changed to =0 for same torque developed and determine motor speed iii)for same load demand as in earlier condition find delay angle of the field converter, if speed as to be increased to 1500 rpm SOL: Given V=220v Ia=25A Rf=150 Ra=0.2 k=1.1(v.s) /A.rad i)for first 2 cases asuume max field voltage for delay angle f being 0. Vf=22V/ = 22*220/=198 V The field current If=Vf/Rf=198/150=1.32A The motor constant value for this field current is K= k*If=1.1*1.32=1.452V.sec/rad a) Torque developed =Td=K*Ia=1.452*25=3.63 Nm b) Armature voltage for =45 Va=22*v*cos/=2*2*cos45/=140V Em=Va - Ia*Ra=140-(250*0.2)=135V 1=Eb1/K=135/1.452=93 rad/sec =888 rpm c) Assume lossless converter total input power from supply is Pi=Va*Ia+Vf*If=(140*25)+(198*1.32)=3.76kW RMS value of input current is same as Ia i.e., 25 A. The rms value of input current to field converter If=1.32A Effective rms supply current Ir=(Ia*Ia)+(If*If)=25.035A Input kVA rating is VI=Vs*Is=220*25.035*1003=5.508 kva Neglecting ripple in the current, Power factor =Power/VA=3.76/5.508=0.68(lag) d)for same delay angle f=0,Vf=198v. For the same torque, Ia will be the same. Eb2=198-(25*0.2)=193V 2=Eb2/K=133 rad/sec = 1270 rpm e) 3=1500rpm = 157.1 rad/sec Eb = 193 V = Knew * 3 = k*If3*157.1 If3=193/ (1.1*157.1)=1.117 A Vf3=If3*Rf=1.117*150=167.6 V Cosf=162.6/198=0.846 Hence, delay angle f=32.2

ii) iii)

4)The speed of a 20hP ,210V ,1000rpm series motor is controlled by a single phase a)semi converter b)full converter. The combined armature and field circuit resistance is 0.25. Motor constants are Kaf=0.03 Nm/ A2 and Kres=0.075 v-s/rad. Supply voltage is 230V. Assuming continuous and ripple free motor current, determine the following for a =30 and N=1000 rpm. a)Motor torque b)Ia c)PF sol: semi converter controlled dc drive: N=1000rpm=1000*2/60=104.72rad/sec; Ia = ((Vm/)(1+cos) - Eb) /(Ra+Rf) Eb = (Kres* + 0.03 * Ia *) = 7.8525 + 3.141 Ia (193 -7.8525 3.141 Ia) / 0.25 = Ia Therefore Ia = 54.5 A We have T= Kres Ia + Kaf*Ia*Ia =93.195 Nm Supply PF = 193 x 54.5 / 230 x 54.5 sqrt (150/180) = 0.91

## Full converter controlled dc series motor: Ia = 50.58 A T = 78 Nm PF =0.78

so PF is better in semi converter system. 5) A 220V ,1000 rpm, 60A separately excited dc motor has Ra of 0.1. It is fed from a single phase full
converter with an ac source voltage of 230V,50Hz. Assuming continuous conduction compute a) Firing Angle for rated motor torque at 600 rpm b) Firing Angle for rated motor torque at -500 rpm c) Motor speed for =150 and half-rated torque. Sol: Under rated operating conditions of motor, 1000 rpm =104.72 rad/sec Vt= Ea+IaRa=K*m + IaRa. 220=K*104.72 + 60*0.1 K= 2.044 N-m/A a) For rated motor torque,Ia=60Amp Vo=Vt= K*m+IaRa where m =62.8 rad/sec Vt = 2.044*62.8 + 60*0.1 = 134.43 V = (2Vm/) Cos = cos1(134.43* ) / (22*230) = 49.56 b) At (-500)rpm or -52.35 rad/sec 22*(230/)*cos = 2.044*(-52.35) + 60*0.1=-101.024 V = cos1(-101.024 * )/ (22*230) = 119.2 c) At half-rated torque, Ia =(1/2)*rated current= 30A d) ((22*230)/)*cos150 = 2.044 *m + (30*0.1) -179.30=2.044 *m+ 3 m=-182.3/2.044=-89.188rad\sec = 851.7 rpm

## DC Drives fed with 3 converters

6) The speed of a separately excited dc motor is controlled by means of a 3 semi converter from a 3, 415V, 50Hz supply. The motor constants are L=10mH, Ra=0.9, K=1.5 V.S/rad. Calculate the speed of this motor at a torque of 50N-m when the converter is fired at 45. Neglect losses in the converter. SOLUTION: Motor torque, Te=K*Ia=50N-m Motor armature current, Ia=50/1.5 = 33.33 A The equation for the semi-converter motor combination is 3Vm(1+cos )/2 = Ea+Ia*Ra 32*415(1+cos45) / 2=1.5*m + 33.33*0.9 m =(478.3-30) /1.5=298.867rad/s hence motor speed N=298.867*60/ (2)=2854 rpm. 7)The speed of a 10kW, 1000 rpm, 560V, 20 A separately excited dc motor is controlled by 3 full converter. Input to the converter is 3, 415V, 50 Hz. Ra = 1. When the motor is delivering rated torque determine a) firing angle of converter and power factor at rated speed b) firing angle of converter and power factor at 10% rated speed c) active, reactive powers drawn from system at rated speed d)

active, reactive powers drawn from system at 10% rated speed e) ratio of reactive powers drawn from system at 10% rated speed and at rated speed. Neglect system losses and effect of commutation angle. SOL: Rated back emf = 560-20*1 = 540 V Back emf constant K = 540/104.72 V.S/rad a) For 3 fully controlled converter, we have Va=3Vm*cos / = 1.35 * 415 * cos =32*415*cos /= Eb rated + IaRa = 560 V =0 Since effect of commutation angle is neglected PF cos =cos = 1 b) at 10% rated speed Eb = 54 V Therfore, Va = Eb + IaRa = 74 V 74=1.35*415*cos =82.4 PF at this firing angle =Cos 82.4 = 0.1322 c) Active power at rated speed and rated load Vd Id = 560 x 20 =11.2 kW Reactive power at rated speed, rated load = 0 as PF is unity d) Active power at 10% speed P= VdId =74 * 20 = 1480 W Reactive power =P*tan =11.092 kVAR e) Ratio of reactive powers drawn from the system at rated speed to 10% rated speed is zero.

## Therefore due to decrease in speed the reactive power increased tremendously.

8) A 80 kW, 440V, 800 rpm dc motor is controlled by 3, 6 pulse thyristor converter to run at 600 rpm delivering 75% rated torque. Back emf at rated speed is 410 V. Determine trigger angle of the converter. Input to the converter is 3 ,415,50 Hz,AC. SOL: given Eb1=410 V at 800 rpm K = 4.89 V.Sec/rad Eb2 at 600 rpm = 410*600/800=307.5V Rated torque = 80000 * 60 / (2*800) = 954.9 Nm Corresponding Ia = Torque /K =195.28 A 410 = 440- Ia*Ra Ra=0.1536 Now terminal voltage of dc motor at 600 rpm and 75% rated torque Eb2+Ia*Ra=307.5+(0.75*195.28*0.1536 )=330 V = 3Vmcos / = 1.35 V cos =53.9 9) A 100kW, 500V, 2860 rpm separately excited dc motor is energized from 400V, 50 Hz, 3 full converter. The voltage drop in conducting thyristor is 2V. The dc motor parameters are Ra=0.1 , Km=1.6 v-s/rad, La=8mH; Rated Ia=210A. Noload armature current=10% of rated current. Armature current is continuous and ripple free. Find a) noload speed at firing angle of 30 b) firing angle for a speed of 2000 rpm and rated Ia. determine also the supply power factor. c) Find the speed regulation for the firing angle obtained in part(b) SOL:a) The motor terminal voltage at 30 firing angle Va = 1.35Vcos 30=467.64V Also Va = Eb + Ia*Ra + 2 Therefore Eb = 467.64 2 -21*0.1 No load motor speed=Eb/Km =289.71 Rad/sec = 2766.55 rpm.