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Name: ___________________

What is FIRST AID?

First Aid is the first emergency help given to someone who is hurt or suddenly sick, using stuff that is readily available. What can you do as a First Aider Wolf Cub? 1. 2. 3.

What is MEDICAL AID?

Medical Aid is the help given by a medical professional at an emergency scene or while transporting, like a doctor or a paramedic.
CAN YOU AS A FIRST AIDER WOLF CUB GIVE MEDICAL AID? ___________

Name: __________________

The One Thing You Can and Should Always Do as a FIRST AIDER WOLF CUB is

__ __ __

__ __ __ __!

Name: _______________________

ENVIRONMENTAL INJURIES & SICKNESSES


The human body maintains a temperature of about 37C or 98.6F. The body does two things to adjust to the environment and maintain a normal temperature. Can you name these two things? S _ _ v _ _ _ _ _ g: - helps make and keep body heat when it is cold. S w _ _ t _ _ _: - helps to cool the body when it is hot. BUT when the body is exposed to extreme cold or hot temperatures, these things may break down causing cold or heat injuries or sicknesses. COLD INJURIES/SICKNESSES are F _ _ _ _ b _ _ _: - local freezing of skin. H _ _ _ t h _ _ _ _ a: - a general cooling of the body. FROSTBITE: What the First Aider will see: 1. - white skin and waxy-looking 2. - skin is firm to touch, soft underneath appropriately - feel pain at first, followed by numbness 3. - white skin turns greyish-blue - skin feels cold and hard - there is no feeling in the area HYPOTHERMIA: What the First Aider will see: 1. - the patient is shivering 2. - the patient is not thinking right - becomes confused or sleepy - the muscles get stiff and jerky - the patient may lose consciousness 3. - the patient may lose Consciousness

What the First Aider will do: 1. - cover the area with warm hands - tell the patient to get to a warm place 2. - stop the activity or dress more - keep the areas from freezing again 3. - get the person into a warm area to warm up slowly - get them to medical help

What the First Aider will do: 1. - get the patient to a warm place 2. - be sure the patients clothing is warm and dry - cover the patient - place them in the recovery position 3. - get medical help

REMEMBER: The environment does not have to be cold to suffer hypothermia. You can get hypothermia in the summer if you are not properly dressed.

A FIRST AIDER WOLF CUB ALWAYS GETS HELP!!!

Name: _______________________

HEAT INJURIES/SICKNESSES are H _ _ t C _ _ _ _ s: - pains in the muscles of the legs and stomach, caused by losing too much water and salt from sweating. H _ _ _ E _ h _ _ _ _ _ _ n: - loss of fluid through sweating. H _ _ _ S t _ _ _ _: - the bodys temperature is far above normal; also called sunstroke.

HEAT CRAMPS: What the First Aider will see: 1. - patient complaining of cramps in the legs and stomach 2. - excessive sweating

What the First Aider will do: 1. - place the patient in a cool place - rest 2. - give the patient salted water - get an adult to help you 3. - if the cramps do not go away, get medical help

HEAT EXHAUSTION: What the First Aider will see: 1. - excessive sweating and dilated pupils 2. - complaints of dizziness, headache, cramps 3. - cold clammy skin, weak, vomiting, unconsciousness

What the First Aider will do: 1. - place in a cool dry place 2. - lie down with feet and legs elevated - remove/loosen extra clothing - get an adult to give salted water 3. - place in recovery position - get medical help

HEAT STROKE: o With heat stroke the patient is hot-to-touch, there is vomiting, convulsions and unconsciousness o Move the patient to a cool place and try to cool them down o Use your First Aid skills o GET MEDICAL HELP!

A FIRST AIDER WOLF CUB ALWAYS GETS HELP!!!

Name: __________________

1. IF SOMEONE CUTS THERSELF THERE WILL BE _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. 3. PROTECT YOUR HANDS BY WEARING _ _ _ _ _ _. 5. TO HELP SLOW THE BLOOD, _ _ _ _ _ THE ARM OR LEG HIGHER THAN THE HEART. 6. THE RED FLUID COMING FROM A CUT IS _ _ _ _ _ .

2. WHEN SOMEONE IS BLEEDING, HELP THEM TO _ _ _ _ _ AND TO REST. 4. TO HELP STOP BLEEDING, _ _ _ _ _ DIRECTLY ON THE CUT WITH A CLEAN CLOTH. 6. PUT A _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ON A CUT TO KEEP IT CLEAN.

BANDAGE BLEEDING

BLOOD GLOVES

RELAX RAISE PRESS

Name: _____________________

CONSCIOUS VS. UNCONSCIOUS


How do you know the difference? When a person is CONSCIOUS they are. 1. _____________________________________ 2. _____________________________________ 3. _____________________________________

When a person is UNCONSCIOUS they are. 1. ____________________________________ 2. ____________________________________

Quiz: True or False? T / F 1. A person may become unconscious after a strong hit to the head. T / F 2. An unconscious person will always move their hand if the fingers are pinched. T / F 3. A person may become unconscious from a sickness or accident. T / F 4. An unconscious person will whisper an answer when spoken to.

Name: __________________ What is a burn?


Burns are injuries to the skin and other tissues caused by heat, radiation and chemicals. HEAT/THERMAL BURNS o scalds (hot liquids/steam) o electrical o fire CHEMICAL BURNS o cleaners o pool chemicals o RADIATION BURNS o sunburn o arc welders flash o

All burns are serious, but the level of severity depends on how deep into the skin the burn goes. First Aid: For Heat Burns o Always get an adult o Place the area in cold water for 10 minutes o Keep the area clean o NEVER break blisters o NEVER put on any creams/lotions (wait for at least a 24 hours following onset of burn) o NEVER remove burned clothing

CLOTHES ON FIRE: STOP DROP and ROLL

stop moving (running fans the flames) drop to the ground roll over several times to put out the flames (rolling smothers the flames)

Make your way through the maze to get the proper First Aid for a burn or scald.

Name: _______________________

ANIMAL AND HUMAN BITES

Animal and human bites that break the skin are often contaminated by the saliva. This is a risk for infection and sometimes very serious. To be safe, ALWAYS give first aid to the cut/bite as if it is a serious infection until proven differently. NOTE: Try to identify the animal that did the bite. The authorities will want to examine this animal and/or destroy it. It will be tested for any contaminants.

FIRST AID: 1. Be safe wear gloves. 2. See if the skin is broken. 3. Wash the wound with soap. 4. Apply a dressing and bandages. 5. IF THE SKIN IS BROKEN, ADVISE THE PERSON TO SEEK MEDICAL HELP AS SOON AS POSSIBLE!!!

Name: __________________

CUB FIRST AIDER BADGE Trained though: Region of Waterloo Medical Venturers & Rovers

1. Explain: a) The meaning of first aid. b) The meaning of medical aid. c) The 3 most important items you must know in order to save a life. d) The importance of calling 911, and when to call 911. 2. Do the following: a) Demonstrate choking for a conscious person.

______ ______ ______ ______

______

b) Show how to care for an unconscious person (primary and secondary. ______ c) Show how to give first aid for: A bleeding wound or severe wound Animal bites Hypothermia Heat exhaustion Heat stroke Nose bleeds d) Describe the signs of frost bite and how to treat it. e) What should you do if yours or another persons clothes catch on fire? f) Show how to give first aid for a burn or scald. g) Show what to do for an animal or insect bite to you or someone else.

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