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WAVES - TRIAL QUESTIONS

6.1 WAVES 1. The diagram shows a displacement distance graph of a transverse wave motion.

(b) Mark on the diagram (i) with a letter C which represents a point of compression. (ii) With a letter R which represents a point of rarefaction. (iii)With a letter which represents the wavelength (c) From the graph, find (i) Amplitude (ii) wavelength

(a) On the graph, label: (i) direction of the vibration of the particles medium (ii) direction of the propagation of the wave. (b) Give one example of transverse wave. (c) Find (i) Amplitude (ii) Wavelength (d) If the frequency is 25 Hz, find the wave speed.

(d) If the speed of the sound wave is 330 ms-1, find its frequency.

3. Diagram shows a simple pendulum which consists of a bob of mass 40.0 g at the end of a light inelastic string of length 20.0 cm. The pendulum makes 20 complete oscillations in 5.0 s.

2. The diagram shows a tuning fork which produced a longitudinal wave. (a) By using the letters A,B and C in the diagram above state the (i) (ii) equilibrium position the meaning of period

(a) Why does sound wave is a longitudinal wave?


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(b) What is the frequency of the oscillations of the pendulum ?

(d) What happens to the frequency of the oscillations of the pendulum when the length of the pendulum is 80.0 cm ?

(e) After a while the pendulum stops to oscillate . Explain why?

(f) Plot a graph displacement time to show why the pendulum stops to oscillate.

diagram 2.1

(g) State the form of energy when the pendulum (i) at B (ii) at C

4. Question 2: Kedah 07 Diagram 2.1 shows the initial reading of a stopwatch at the beginning of an experiment. The stopwatch was used to measure the time for 20 complete oscillations made by a simple pendulum of length, l. Diagram 2.2 shows the reading of the stopwatch at the end of the experiment.

Diagram 2.2 (a) (i) State the type of error shown in Diagram 2.1. .......................................................... [1 mark] (ii) What is the actual time taken for the pendulum to complete 20 oscillations? .......................................................... [1 mark] (b) (i) Find the period of one complete oscillation, T, for this pendulum. [1 mark]

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(ii) The relationship between the length, l, and the period, T, of a simple pendulum is given by the g equation, l 2 T 2 . 4 Using the value of T obtained in (b)(i), calculate the length, l, of the pendulum. [Given that = 3.142 and g = 10 m s-2]

(iii) Name the wave phenomenon occurs in Diagram 7.2. ................................................ [1 mark] (b) The water waves with a wavelength of 1.5 m travels with velocity 2.0 m s-1 from the sea to the beach. The velocity of the waves when reach near the beach is 1.2 m s-1. Calculate (i) the frequency of the waves

[2 marks]

[1 marks]

6.2 6.5 REFLECTION, REFRACTION, DIFFRACTION, INTERFERENCE 5. Question 7: Melaka Mid 08 Diagram 7.2 shows a water waves propagated from the sea to the beach.

(ii) the wavelength of the waves near the beach

[1 marks] (c) Diagram 7.2 shows the seashore of a fishing village. During the rainy season, waves are big and can cause the jetty to collapse. The fishermen want to relocate the jetty.

Diagram 7.2 (a) (i) State the change in wavelength of the water waves from A to B. .................................................... [1 mark] (ii) Explain why the observation in (a)(i) occurs. ................................................. [1 mark]
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Diagram 7.2 (i) Suggest the location of the new jetty. ............................................... [1 mark]

(ii)

Explain the reason for this suggestion. ............................................... ............................................... [2 marks]

(c) Explain how this phenomenon occurs. ............................................................. ............................................................. ............................................................. [2 marks]

6. Question 4: Trengganu 07 Diagram 4 shows the pattern of water waves moving towards a gap between two walls at a water-theme park. Frequency of the water wave is 5 Hz.

7. Question 5 Diagram 5.1 shows the arrangement of the apparatus for an experiment to study a wave phenomenon. Diagram 5.2 shows the wave pattern formed on the screen when a plane waves pass through the gap.

Diagram 4 (a) (i) On Diagram 4, draw the pattern of water waves after passing through the gap. [2 marks] (ii) Name the wave phenomenon involved. ............................................................. [1 mark] (b) Calculate the velocity of the water waves. Diagram 5.1

[2 marks]

Diagram 5.2

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(a) Name the wave phenomenon studied in this experiment. ........................................... .......................................................... [1 mark] (b) Observe Diagram 5.2, Compare the wavelengths and wave patterns of the waves before and after they pass through the gap. Wavelength: .................................. .................... Wave patterns: ............................... .................. [2 marks] (c) (i) State any change to the amplitude of the waves before and after they pass through the gap. ................................................... .......................... [1 mark] (ii) Explain the answer in (c)(i). ................................... ................................................... [1 mark] (d) The gap is made wider. (i) What is the effect on the waves passing through the gap? ................................ ............................................... [1 mark] In the space below draw the wave patterns after it pass through the wider gap.

(a) Based on Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2, (i) What happens to the wave after passing round the log and the corner of the building? ............................................... [1 mark] (ii) What happens to the amplitude of the waves after passing round the log and the corner of the building? .......................................................... .......................................................... ................................................. [2 marks] (iii) Name the wave phenomenon that is related to Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2. .. [1 mark]

(ii)

8. Question 5: Kedah 08 Diagram 6.1 shows a water waves passing through a log that floats in water. Diagram 6.2 shows a student standing at one corner of a building at B who can hear the sound from a loudspeaker at A.
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(iv) What will happen to the speed of the water waves after passing through the log? .. [1 mark] (b) Refering to Diagram 6.1, what will happen to a floating object that is placed at (i) P? [1 mark] (ii) Q? [1 mark] (c) Name one other wave phenomenon that occurs in Diagram 6.1. [1 mark] 9. Question 7: Melaka 08 Diagram 7.1 shows water waves passing through the entrance of a ugh model harbour.

(ii) State why the wave shape is only slightly change after passing the gap ........................................................ [ 1 mark] (b) Diagram 7.2 shows the cross sectional of the harbour wall that facing the waves. In Diagram 7.2 draw the waves after passing trough the gap.

(c) The model harbour in diagram 7.1 is ) to be use for commercial purposes. Suggest modifications to the harbour wall that enables i (i) to sustain the impact of the water wave ........................................................ ....................................................... [2 marks] (ii) to reduce the impact of the water wave to the shore ......................................................... ......................................................... [ 2 marks] (d) During dry season large ship is advice not to shelter at the harbour. Explain this situation and suggest a method sugges to load and unload the ship. ......................................................... [ 2 marks]

(a) (i) Name the type of wave is the water wave. ..................................................... [ 1 mark]
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10. Question 3: Perak 07 Diagram 3 shows a monochromatic light source connected to power supply. The light passes through the single slit and then go through the double-slit to form an interference pattern on the screen. Bright and dark fringes are observed on the white screen.

11. Question 4: SBP 08 Diagram 4 shows two identical water wave pulses moving towards each other. Wave interference occurs when the two waves meet at point O while propagating along the same medium.

Diagram 3 (a) What type of wave is the light wave? .............................................................. [1 mark] (b) Why bright fringes and dark fringes are observed on the screen? .............................................................. .............................................................. [2 marks] (c) What is monochromatic light? .............................................................. [1 mark] (d) In the experiment, and the screen is placed 5m from the double-slit. The distance between the double-slit is 0.5 mm. The distance between two adjacent bright fringes of the pattern is 6.0 mm. Calculate is the wavelength of the light waves? [2 marks]
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(a) What is meant by interference? ........................................................... ........................................................... [1 mark]

(i) In the box above , complete the diagram to show the interference of waves at point O. [1 mark] (ii) Name the type of interference occurs in (b)(i). .......................................................... [1 mark] (iii) State what will happen to the motion of the cork at point O. ....................................................... [1 mark] (b) (i) A ripple tank is set up with two identical dippers in contact with the surface of the water. The separation between the two identical dippers 5.0 cm.

When the switch is on an interference occurs.The separation between two consecutive antinodes is 3.0 cm. The distance between the antinode points and the dippers is 10.0 cm. Calculate the wavelength of the water waves produced.

(b) Why are red fringes formed on the screen? .......................................................... [1 mark] (c) The distance between the Young double slit and the screen is 3.0 m. The double slit used has the slit separation of 5 x 10-4 m. Calculate the wavelength of the red light. [2 marks]

[2 marks] (ii) The separation of the two sources is increased to 8.0 cm. What will happen to the distance between two consecutive antinodes?

13. SBP 09: Question 6 Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2 show fringes are formed when identical monochromatic lights pass through the double slits.

[1 mark]

12. Trengganu 09: Question 3 Diagram 3 shows an experiment to determine the wavelength of monochromatic light waves by using a red light source.

Diagram 61.

Diagram 6.2

(a) What is the meaning of monochromatic light? [1 mark] (b) Explain how fringes are formed on the screen? (a) What is meant by monochromatic light? ........................................................ [1 mark] [2 marks]

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(c) Using Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2: (i) Compare the distance between the slits, a a. [1 mark] (ii) Compare the wavelength of the light, , that passes through the double slits. [1 mark] (iii)Compare the distance Compare between the double slits and the screen, D. .. .. [1 mark] (iv)Compare the distance Compare between the fringes, x. [1 mark] (d) Using your answers in 6 (c) state the relationship between x and a . [1 mark]

(a) What is meant by a coherent source? .......................................................... [1 mark] (b) Observe Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2. (i) Compare the distance between two slits. ................................................... [1 mark] (ii) Compare the distance between consecutive bright fringes. ................................................... [1 mark] (iii) Compare the distance between the double slit plate and the screen. ................................................. [1 mark]

14. Kelantan 09: Question 6 Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2 show the bright and dark fringes of the waves formed on the screen when a light rays pass through a double slit plate.

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(c) (i) Relate the distance between the two slits with the distance between consecutive bright fringes. .................................................. [1 mark] (ii) Name the wave phenomenon which forms the pattern of the fringes in Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2 ................................................... [1 mark] (d) Explain how the formation of bright fringes and dark fringes occur. ......................................................... ......................................................... [2 marks] 6.6 SOUND WAVES 15. Question 4: SBP 07 Diagram 4.1 shows a submarine transmitting ultrasonic waves directed at a big rock on the sea bed. After sometime, the submarine detects the wave again.

(b) Explain why the submarine used ultrasonic wave but not ordinary sound wave? ................................................................... .............................. [ 2 marks ] (c) (i) Calculate the distance of the submarine from the big rock if the submarine detects the second wave after 1.5 seconds. [Velocity of ultrasonic wave = 1560 ms-1]

[ 2 marks ] (ii) Diagram 4.2 shows how the pulses of the transmitted ultrasonic wave is displayed on the screen of a cathode ray oscilloscope (CRO).

Diagram 4.1 (a) State the wave phenomenon involved. ........... [ 1 mark ]
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Diagram 4.2 On diagram 4.2 draw the pulses of the wave received by the submarine after 1.5 seconds later. Given the time base of the CRO is 0.5 s/cm. [ 2 marks ]

16. Question 7: Johor 07 (a) The siren is located 20 m from a large building, as shown in Diagram 7.1.

(iv) Why the second sound is soft than the original sound? ............................................................. ........................................................... ................................................................. [1 mark] (b) A student found it is difficult to measure the speed of sound inside the building using only a stopwatch and a metre rule. Give two reasons.

Diagram 7.1 ............. ... The siren with the frequency 1000 Hz, is briefly sounded once. A short time later, the sound is heard again. (i) Why is this second sound heard? ........................................................... ............................ [1 mark] (ii)What is the frequency of this What second sound? Tick one box. less than 1000 Hz Diagram 7.2 The sound is received by two microphones placed at different distance in front of the loud speaker. The separation between the two microphones is, d. The time interval, . t, between the sounds received by the two microphones is recorded. The results of the experiment is xperiment shown in Diagram 7.3. [2 marks] (c) Diagram 7.2 shows the correct method used by a student to measure the speed of sound .

1000 Hz

more than 1000 Hz [1 mark] (iii)What is the amplitude of this second sound? Tick one box. less than the original sound

the same as the original sound

more than the original sound [1 mark]


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17. Question 7: Mid Melaka 09 Diagram 7 shows a fishing boat using a sonar system to detect a shoal of fish.

Diagram 7.3 Diagram 7.4 shows the trace observed at the screen of CRO. Diagram 7 (a) Based on Diagram 7 (i) Name the wave phenomenon used to detect the fish. ...................................................... [1 mark] Diagram 7.4 The time-base setting on the CRO is 1.0 ms/cm. (ii) (i)Determine the time interval, t, from the trace in Diagram 7.4. [2 marks] Compare the time taken for sending detective wave to the fish and the time taken for the receiver to receive the signal. ..................................................... [1 mark] (b) Why did sonar system is used as a device to detect the fish? .......................................................... [1 mark]

(ii) Using the answer in (a)(i), determine the distance, d, from the graph.

[2 marks]

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(c) The time to detect the shoal of fish is 0.05 seconds, the speed of the sound waves in water is 1500 ms-1. Calculate the distance of the shoal of fish from the fishing boat

18. Question 7: MRSM 07 Figure 7.1 shows water waves approaching a barrier in a ripple tank. The frequency of the vibrator is 25 Hz.

[2 marks] (a) (i) In Figure 7.1, draw the waves and its direction of propagation after it hits the barrier. [1 mark] (ii) Compare the wavelength and the speed of the waves before and after it hits the barrier. .......................................................... [1 mark] (b) Traditional fishermen often have difficulties to detect shoals of fish. To overcome this problem, they use a modern technology to locate the lo shoals of fish. (i) Name one modern technology which fishermen use to detect shoals of fish. .................................................... [1 mark] State two reasons why this technology is used instead of conventional sound waves. .................................................... ................................................... [2 marks] Explain the technique used by this technology to detect a shoal of fish. .................................................... ....................................................
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(d) The fishing boat is to be upgraded with a better communication system such as a transmitter and a receiver and a radar system hence able to detect any air flight. (i) Explain the best location of the new detection device to work efficiently. ................................................... ......................................... ................................................... [2 marks] (ii) State the type of wave produce by the new detection device. ................................................... [1 mark] (iii) Suggest one modification to the communication device to increase the effectiveness of the communication system

(ii)

(iii) [2 marks]

Figure 7.2 shows the trace displayed on the screen of a cathode ray oscilloscope. A pulse is transmitted from a boat into the water to detect t the presence of fish shoals.

(a) Radio waves are a type of io [1 mark] (b) (i) Name the wave phenomenon which whic enables the policemen to communicate with each other. .............................................................. [1 mark] (ii) Name two factors that affect the effectiveness of the above phenomenon. ............................................................ .......................................................... [2 marks] Table 8.1 shows a few radio frequencies suggested by the policemen. Suggested frequencies 50 MHz 500 MHz

(iv)

The time base of the oscilloscope in Figure 7.2 is set at 0.4 s cm-1 and the speed of sound in water is 1 200 m/s. [2 marks]

19. Question 8: Kedah 07


Diagram 8.1 shows the positions of two policemen A and B standing behind the two tall buildings. The policemen are holding a walkie-talkie each. The two buildings are 4 talkie m apart.

5 GHz
TABLE 8.1

(c) Calculate the wavelengths of each of the radio waves suggested by assuming the speed of radio waves in air is 3.0 x 108 m s1. [4 marks] (d) Based on your answer in (c), which is the most suitable radio frequency to be used by the policemen. Explain your answer. ..................................................................... ..................................................................... [2 marks]

The policemen communicate with each other by using radio waves.

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(e) Name one type of electromagnetic wave which is suitable for satellite communication. Give a reason for your answer. .................................................................... .................................................................... [2 marks]

(ii) the comparison between the amplitude of the waves ........................................................... [1 mark] (c) Based on the information given and the answers in 6(b)(i), (i) what is the relationship between the frequency and the energy of the wave? ............................................................... [1 mark] (ii) write the relationship between the frequency, f , the wave length, and the velocity of the wave, v ........................................................ [1 mark] (d) Wave with labeled P is chose for therapy purposes in medical field, explain why this wave is chose for the purpose. ....................................................... ........................................................ [2 marks]

6.7 ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES 20. Question 6: Melaka 09 Diagram 6 shows a group of waves K, L, M, N, O and P is arranged accordingly base on their frequencies and wave lengths. The energy of the wave is increasing from left to right and in vacuum the waves propagate at same speed.

(a) Name the arrangement pattern given to a group of waves when it is arranged in a specific manner as shown on Diagram 6. ............................................................ [1 mark] (b) Observe Diagram 6. (i) State the changes from left to right on the frequency of the waves .............................................................. [1 mark] the wave length of the waves ............................................................... [1 mark]

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TRIALS ESSAY QUESTIONS 21. Conceptual: Teknik 07 Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2 show the water and sound waves propagating towards a reflector.

22. Understanding: Teknik 07 Discuss on how you would use the sound wave to determine the depth of the sea. [ 3 marks ] 23. Understanding: Melaka Mid 08 Diagram 12.1 shows an audio frequency generator connected to a speaker and placed in front the three glasses P, Q and R. The generator and speaker can produce sound with the same speed but different loudness.

Diagram 12.1 (a) State the physical quantity that effects the loudness of the sound [ 1 mark] (b) When a loudness sound is generated, the three glasses begin to vibrate and as the loudness of the sound is increases at one stage, the glass P breaks at once. Explain this situation. [ 4 marks]

(i)

What is meant by reflected waves? [ 1 mark ] With reference to Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2, compare the incident and reflected angle, wavelength, frequency, speed and direction of propagation of the reflected wave. [5 marks]

(ii)

(iii) State the principle of reflection of waves. [ 1 mark ]


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24. Qualitative problem: Teknik 07 You have been assigned as a consultant to assemble a speaker system and to improve the acoustics of a school hall. Using the appropriate physics concept explain how the installation of the speaker system and other modifications that can improve audible sound. In your explanation, elaborate on the following points: (i) The arrangement of the speakers. (ii) Wall and floor finishing. (iii) Power of the loud speakers [10 marks] You are required to determine the most suitable and safety model of harbour. Study the specifications of all the four harbour models based on the following aspects. - The location of the wall barrier - Water depth - Gap between the wall barriers - Size of the wall barriers base Explain the suitability of the aspects. Justify your choice choice. stify [10 marks] 26. Quantitative: Melaka Mid 08 : A ship transmits an ultrasonic wave of frequency of 66 kHz to the seabed and receives an echo 0.16 s later. The depth of the sea is 120 m. Calculate (i) the speed of the ultrasonic wave in the water, (ii) the wavelength of the ultrasonic wave in the water. [5 marks]

25. Making Decision: Melaka Mid 08 Diagram 12.2 shows on coming sea wave approaching a harbour.

Table 12.3 shows the four characteristics of harbour models, S, T, U, and V and a depth of water location that can be used to build a suitable and safety harbour.

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27. Section B: Mara 08 Diagrams 10.1(a) and Diagram 10.2(a) show the apparatus set-up for a up Youngs double-slit experiment, to slit determine the wavelength of a monochromatic light. Diagrams 10.1(b) and 10.2(b) show the fringes formed on the screen for each situation.

one. The new hall should be able to accomodate at least 800 students date and is suitable for holding other activities like concerts. Suggest modifications that need to be done to the old hall. Using the knowledge on wave characteristics, explain the modification based on the following aspects: - The design of the hall esign - The furnishings in the hall - The sound and lighting systems in the hall

28. Melaka 09: section B Diagram 10.1 and 10.2 show vibrations produced by plucking the string of strin guitar of different thickness. A microphone is used to detect the sound waves of each guitar string. The traces displayed on the oscilloscopes are shown in diagrams 10.1 and 10.2.

(a) What is meat by monochromatic light? [1 mark] (b) Using all the diagrams given, compare the distance between the etween double-slit and the screen, the slit distance between two successive bright fringes, the number of fringes and the width of fringes. Deduce the relationship between the distance of the double-slit and the slit screen and the distance between two successive bright fringes. ve [5 marks] (c) The assembly hall of Mozac is small in size and produces too much echo. The administrator intends to replace the old building with a new
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(a) State what type of wave is sound wave. [1 markah]

(b) (i) Using Diagram 10.1 and 10.2, compare the diameter of guitar string, amplitude of wave and the number of oscillations. (ii) State the relationship between frequency of sound wave and diameter of the string. (iii) State the relationship between the frequency and the pitch of the sound wave [5 marks] (c) Diagram 10.3 shows a sound wave produced by vibration of a tuning fork. The sound wave travels in air.

Suggest modifications that need to be done to improve the radar system. You should consider the following aspects in your explanation. (i) (ii) The diameter of the parabolic disc The distance of the signal receiver from the centre of the parabolic disc.

(iii) The types of wave transmitted pes (iv) The height of the parabolic disc from the ground. (v) The material of the parabolic disc [10 marks]

With the help of Diagram 10.3 explain how the sound wave is produced. [4 marks] Diagram 10.4 shows a radar system at an airport. Signals are transmitted from the radar system to determine the position of an airplane.

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29. Kedah 09: Section B Diagram 10.1 shows a tuning fork vibrating near a microphone. The sound waves detected by the microphone are displayed on a cathoderay oscilloscope. When the tuning fork is struck harder, the sound produced is louder and the sound waves produced are shown in Diagram 10.2

sound and the amplitude of the wave. [5 marks] (c) Diagram 10.3 shows a boat using sound waves to measure the depth of the sea.

(i)

(a) (i) What is the meaning of longitudinal waves? [1 mark] (ii) Explain how a tuning fork produces sound waves. [4 marks] (b) Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2, (i) Compare the amplitudes of vibration of the tuning forks. (ii) Compare the peak values, a1 and a2 of the waves displayed by the oscilloscope. (iii) Relate the peak values displayed by the oscilloscopeto the amplitude of the sound wave. (iv) Relate the peak valued to the loudness of the sound produced. (v) Deduce the relationship between the loudness of the
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(ii)

Using your knowledge of the nature and phenomena of waves, explain how the following aspects of the wave affects the results obtained. - Frequency of the waves - Energy of the waves [4 marks] List the equipment needed for the measurement. [4 marks] Explain how the depth of the sea is determined. [2 marks]

(iii)

30. MARA 09: Section B Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2 show the pattern of interference of water waves.

Distance between two consecutive antinodes. [1 mark] (c) Relate the distance between two coherence source and the rce distance between two consecutive antinodes. [1 mark]

(iv)

(d) Diagram 10.3 shows a mother standing on a balcony calling her son for lunch.

Using physics concept, explain why her son could not her her clearly. [4 marks] (a) How does constructive interference occur? [1 mark] (b) Using Diagram 10.1 and Diagram 10.2 compare the (i) Distance between two coherence source. [1 mark] (ii) Vertical distance between the point P and respective coherence source. [1 mark] (iii) Wavelength of the propagating water wave. [1 mark]
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(e) Diagram 10.4 shows a boat belonging to a fisherman.

A group of fisherman plan to go for deep-sea fishing for three months. The boat in Diagram 10.4 is not suitable for the job and they decide to make modification to it. Using the appropriate physics concepts, suggest and explain the modifications that have to be done do the boat. The modifications should include the following aspects. (i) Shape of the boat (ii) Material used to build the boat (iii) Type of wave used to detect the fish (iv) The freshness of the fish. [10 marks]

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