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A Detailed Lesson Plan in English (Grade IV)

I.

Objectives : At the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to : a) b) c) d) Create a list synonyms, antonyms and homonyms. Familiarize various synonyms, antonyms and homonyms. Enumerate synonyms, antonyms and homonyms. Observe cooperation and participation on a given task.

II.

Subject Matter : Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms Instructional Materials : Flash cards, Magic chart, Cut outs, Work sheets References: Tolentino, Rebecca. Expedition, Revised Edition. JOES Publishing House, Valenzuela City, 2001,pp. 175-178. Espena, Susana, Adriano, Anna. Synonyms, Antonyms, Homonyms. S.G.E. Publishing, Inc., 2003. http://www.superteacher.com

III.

Learning Experience : Pupils Activity Good Morning Maam ! Were fine Maam !

Teachers Activity A. Preparation : 1. Warm Up Good Morning, Class ! How are you today ? Any interesting things happened to all of you yet ? Before we go down to business, will you please stand up ? 2. Motivation Who knows the action song There was a Tree ? Some of you know it, others dont. Its like this. There was a tree The finest tree that I ever did see And the tree is on the ground where the green grass grow all around, all around. There was a branch The finest branch that I ever did

see And the branch is on the tree And the tree is on the ground where the green grass grow all around, all around. There was a nest The finest nest that I ever did see And the nest is on the branch And the branch is on the tree And the tree is on the ground where the green grass grow all around, all around. There was a bird The finest bird that I ever did see And the bird is on the nest And the nest is on the branch And the branch is on the tree And the tree is on the ground where the green grass grow all around, all around. Did you enjoy it class ? B. Lesson Proper: 1. Presentation : Our topic for today, is about synonyms, antonyms and homonyms. Are you familiar with these ? Maybe some of you are. We will first tackle synonyms. 2. Discussion : Nervous-excited,ordinarycommon,tribute-honor,sourceorigin,happy-glad,hurtpain,faith-belief These words are examples of synonyms. What can you say about synonyms ? What are synonyms ? Synonyms are different words that have the same meaning. They are different words but if you look at the dictionary they have the same meaning. Can you give me more examples of synonyms that you know ? Why do we use synonyms ? There are two reasons why. 1. Synonyms help create the mood of your sentence according to who you are writing for or what kind of image you want to portray. Big-giant,small-tiny, woman-lady The words are the same. Yes Maam !

For example, That is a nice car. , but you could write, Thats an elegant automobile. if your audience would respond more to the image the sentence creates. Please read the second one. 2. Synonyms help to avoid repetition. You can use synonyms of a word when you have to write it twice in a sentence.

For example, The children are singing, theyre really great children. It sounds boring and repetitive. But if you change children to kids it will be better. Can someone change the second children on the sentence to kids? Yes. After knowing what synonyms are, lets have an activity. On the right side of the board are words, find their synonym on the left side. Illness -____________ Intelligent -_________ Pupil -_____________ Purchase -__________ Glimpse -__________ Grasp -____________ Weird -____________ Wreck -____________ Youth -____________ Famous- __________ Now that you totally understood what synonyms are, lets now go to antonyms. If synonyms are different words but have the same meaning, antonyms are words that means the opposite of another word. For example, happy-sad, farnear, run-walk, day-night, wet-dry, girl- boy, open-close. Its easy right? Who can give me more examples?

The children are singing, theyre really great kids.

Illness - sickness Intelligent - smart Pupil - student Purchase - buy Glimpse - peek Grasp - grab Weird - strange Wreck - destroy Youth - childhood Famous well-known

Long-short, fast-slow,same-different

Okay then, lets have an activity regarding antonyms.

Underline the word that is the opposite of the word. 1. Rich 2. Sister 3. Stand 4. Old 5. Weak 6. Night 7. Buy 8. Push 9. Run 10. Nothing Its easy right? The last one we will discuss is about homonyms. Read what is homonyms. For example is stalk meaning to harass and stalk meaning the body of plants. For example, meet as in to be introduce to someone and meat as in the food that you eat. Other examples are : Wake to come back to a conscious state after sleeping. Wake to hold a vigil over a dead body. Sea great body of water See to perceive with the eye Right direction Write to put words, letter, etc. Lets have another activity. Choose a word from the magic chart to complete each sentence. There Theyre Their Wear Where Won One Too To Two 1. Where are you going ? 2. Im going to a Yankees Words that have the same spelling and same pronunciation. ( strong, poor, tall) (brother, house, me) (hop, sit, run) (fun, little, young) (day, strong, year) (month, hat, day) (broke, sell, present) (pull, shove, take) (try, stir, walk) (all, time, best)

Words that have different spelling and same pronunciation.

1. _____ are you going ? 2. Im going ____ a Yankees

game with my friend, Chris. 3. Kyle will come t the game _____. 4. Dont forget to ______ a jacket when you go. 5. Here is some money so you can buy _____ hotdogs. 6. Dont worry Ill only have ____ hotdog. 7. Our seats are over ______. 8. Im a Yankees fan and I think _______ going to beat the Cubs. 9. Its ______ turn to bat next. 10. The final score was 5-3 and the Yankees ____ the game. 3. Generalization : Now that weve finished all these three. May I ask what are antonyms ? Give examples. How about synonyms ? Give also examples. What are homonyms ?

game with my friend, Chris. 3. Kyle will come to the game too. 4. Dont forget to wear a jacket when you go. 5. Here is some money so you can buy two hotdogs. 6. Dont worry Ill only have one hotdog. 7. Our seats are over there. 8. Im a Yankees fan and I think theyre going to beat the Cubs. 9. Its their turn to bat next. 10. The final score was 5-3 and the Yankees won the game.

Antonyms are words with opposite of another word. For example are roughsmooth, big-small and increase-decrease. Synonyms are different words with the same meaning, For example are tardylate, neat-tidy and beautiful-pretty. Homonyms are words that have the same spelling but different in meaning. The other one is different in spelling and same pronunciation but different in meaning.

4. Application : Okay class, we will have a game. I will group you into two. For the first five students, he/ she must find the synonym of the word that I will be giving and the last five they must find the antonym. The first group who will be finished and have all the answers correctly will be the winner. Synonym Glue - ____ Ship - ____ Sniff - ____ Adore - _____ Friends - ______ Antonym loud - _____ come - _____ hard - _______ down - ______ take - _______ Synonym Glue - paste Ship - boat Sniff - smell Adore - love Friends - pal Antonym loud - soft come - go hard - soft down - up take - give

IV.

Evaluation Answer the worksheets on your seats.

I.

Encircle the correct answers. 1. What are synonyms ? a. Words that are opposite b. Words that means almost the same thing c. Words that are spelled that same 2. What pair of words are synonyms ? a. Giant-huge b. Cow-now c. Tiny-huge 3. Why do we use synonym ? a. Compare things b. Extract ideas c. Make your writing more interesting 4. What are antonyms ? a. Words that are opposite b. Words that are spelled the same way c. Words that are the same 5. Which pair of words are antonyms ? a. Horse-dog b. Weak-strong c. Look-like

b. Words that means almost the same thing a. Giant-huge

c. Make your writing more interesting a. Words that are opposite

b. Weak-strong

II.

Put the corresponding homonyms on the picture.

waist 1. _________

waste __________ (waste, waist)

wail 2. _________

___________ (whale,wail)

whale

3. _________

pail

___________ (pail,pale)

pale

4. _________ ad ___________ (add,ad)

add

5. _________

right

_____________ (right,write)

write

V.

Assignment Search more for ten examples each for antonyms and synonyms. Five examples of homonyms with their own meaning. Do this on your notebook.

DON MARIANO MARCOS MEMORIAL STATE UNIVERSITY MID-LA UNION CAMPUS COLLEGE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION BACHELOR OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION

In Partial Fulfillment Of the requirements In

English 104 Structure of English

First Semester, S.Y. 2012-2013

By :

Gladys Banayat Isobel Celzo Aileen Estipular Rommel Ganaden Zaila Cheska Madayag Carol Oler Jenny Rose Reyes Geraldine Sumabat

BEEd III-A

Prof. Felicisima S. Dumaguin Subject Teacher

DON MARIANO MARCOS MEMORIAL STATE UNIVERSITY MID-LA UNION CAMPUS

COLLEGE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION BACHELOR OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION

In Partial Fulfilment Of the requirements In

English 104 Structure of English

First Semester, S.Y. 2012-2013

By :

BEEd III-A

Prof. Felicisima S. Dumaguin Subject Teacher

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