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1.WhatisthemeaningofRXquality?WhatisMeaningofRXqual0to7? RxQualitymeansreceivedsignalquality.RXQUALisalogarithmicmeasureofthebiterror probability,quantizedin8levels(3GPPspecification).

RxQual BitErrorRate(BER)
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 BER<0.2% 0.2%<BER<0.4% 0.4%<BER<0.8% 0.8%<BER<1.6% 1.6%<BER<3.2% 3.2%<BER<6.4% 6.4%<BER<12.8% 12.8%<BER

2.WhyRXlavelisnegative?WhyitmeasuredindBm? Rxlevelbecomesnegativebecausesignalpropagationlossorpathlossishigherthanthetransmit powerofBTS.Normally, Receivedsignalpower=Transmitpower+AntennaGainPathloss AsPathloss>(Transmitpower+AntennaGain)Rxlevelbecomesnegative. dBmisusedinradiosignalstrengthmeasurementbecauseitconvenienttoexpresstheverysmall valueofpowerinshortforms. 3.WhatistheacceptablerangeofRXquality&RXlabel?Why? Itdependsoncluttertypeandserviceyouwanttoprovide.MSsensitivityaround102dbm.SoRx levelshouldbehigherthanthat.Incitiesitcanbe80dbm.Rxqualabove5(means6and7)isnot acceptable. 4.WhytwofeedercablesareusedinGSMantenna?WhatisRXDIVERSITY? Ididnotunderstandthefirstquestion.For2portsGSMAntenna,youneedtwofeeders,ifyou wanttousethetwoantennasinsidetheantennahousing. Diversitymeansusingtwoormultiplechannelwithdifferentcharacteristicstoimprovethe reliabilityofsignals.Weyouusethismethodtomaintainreceivedsignalsreliability;itiscalledRx Diversity.InGSMnetwork,weoftenusetwoantennasforreceivingthesignalandthususeRX Diversity. 5.Howyouidentifycablemismatchbydrivetest?

ByanalyzingDTlog,youcanseecoverageareaofdifferentcells.So,ifyouknowtheservingcells antennadirectionistoonedirection,butyougetthecoverageinotherdirection,thenyoucanfind it. 6.Whydifferenttypesofantennasareusedatdifferentsites?Forexampleweuse739491,742215 etc7.for1800&739686,739685,739684etcfor900 Differentantennashavedifferentspecifications(gain,band,H/Vbeamwidth,length,wightetc). Fordifferentscenario(trafficdistribution,clutter,serviceetc)youneedtousedifferentantennas. 8.WhatistherelationbetweenM.&E.tilting?Whyweuse0,upordownM.tiltingatsites? Norelation.Etiltmeanelectricaltilt(internallychangetheradiationpattern)andM.tiltmeans mechanicaltilt(physicallytiltingantenna).Bothareusedtotilttheantennaradiationpattern. ByincreasinganddecreasingM.tilt,youcanmanagethecoverageareaofservingcells. 9.WhyweincreaseordecreaseE.tilting? ByincreasinganddecreasingE.tilt,youcanmanagethecoverageareaofservingcells. 10.DuringPATwhatphysicalparametersareimportantforchecking(Forradioquality)?Whatisthe effectofwrongorientation,height,tiltingetc? FromRPpointofview,youcancheckGSMplan(antennas,height,azimuth,cableconnections,vswr etc)IftheGSMplanisnotcorrectlyimplementedthenperformanceofservicemaybedegradedor youdontgetserviceinyourdesignedarea. 11.Is1.5VSWRmeans50%signalisreflectbackthatmeansonly50%signalisused?Pleaseexplain No.VSWR1.5meansonly4%signalwillreflectback.PleaseseetheVSWRequations.Youcanfindit. 12.Whichoneismuchsensitive,MSorBTS?Why? BTSismoresensitive.Becausemobilephoneuseslesspower(max2W)totransmitsignal.Thissignal fadesawayduetopathlossandBTShavetobemoresensitivetoreceivethelowsignal. 13.WhatisthemeaningofpolarizationatGSMplan(CrosspolarizationfoundatGSMplan?) PolarizationisonetypeofAntennadiversity.Thisisanantennaspecification,whatyouseeinGSM plan.Crosspolarizationmeanpairofantennasarearrangedwithanangleof+45and45inside antennahousing.