Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 174
TUDES ET DOCUMENTS ALKANIQUES ET MEDITERRANEENS 10 Rédactours PAUL M, STAML (adressor la correspondance 4 adresse Conseil de rééaction du volume: NIKOLA PAVKOVIC (Université de Belgrade); PIERRE-YWES PECHOUX (Université de Toulousa); PAUL. PETRESCU (Université de Bucaret) sx Instutons de recherche ot dlanseignement, Lez owrages.parve.jusqu’ Drétent (tous dpulss) sont le sven conti y Pog GENEL STAM = Seite trsiomates banque, ard (GRANCOISE SAULNIER "Anya ilage ee eantagne eras, 3) BAMIbiLe MUSSET - Le marioge & Moigeni, Roumanie, Paris, 1961, 1) DANIELE MASSON ~ Les femmes de Breb (Maramures, Roumani) 3) 'ASSTMiNA STAVROU - Tiasus valaquee du Pinde. Paris, 1982, 185 9 RE CU ELL (sous te rddaction de P. i, Sth). Ehaterint CHALKEA {ha the ae et ving ‘Se Suh Comurin EMETESCU (Las ama (2u"Sene “eine fe whiore Touma Rise CUSACIOGLE ROHEN [OUleuce tote, Nis Shen Sontonpornines ee alle" cstanbouly August MBITEEN {Conga fie See Sirs Ge sah ance POPegany teen pat Rumanian "Periphery. “The Work of “ref. Mene? H “Stanii "reangaioe SAQDMER THRRCELIN UES pie ot vito 8 anoya-crite), al STAC Tounaings). Ele TSENOGLOU "(Les études de Mikhail G. ikhuilcie-Noustos cor {Sainte torica et son espace, Le voyage fekloriqus), COMPTES RENDUS. Dade Stat ellis cert oa, sth) eomte (ale BARLOFr" (las bergers de Haantj). Sis seria SEIU fuse Sea Marner” Compras hyphal, Vane BUTURA, gies op ole e_Trarnylvari tele des ancturs)Enmsinuel BOUROUOAK'S (afises CL Chaps Ge" Chora Stakion, Crate Heverig A PATSE. (Ete asian oa faattty” Ssintnance in ‘hemin ‘Cinwictytosn"GoDEA pernaee "Dre ‘Berea’ do ehersil "Braga. ANTOMIEVIC PANIC’ (hay, Lobe De eS ‘tel des ito cher ls paupies"yougoraver): one He STAM: (Reepayeing ae Theory of Chere) Paul Hn StANt ha egies an Ooe'de Vaucles Ua fable set amare: Hares SOLED (a rerad" ue Pa fetrescu Teste cba) itos). errant Gu Sin uvertures te monsstire de. Oyonisos (ont re ji?'do Succeve iaisvie) "Pata Ps ETUDES ET DOCUMENTS BALKANIQUES ET MEDITERRANEENS 10 BE W105 Oh Sous la rédaction de PAUL H. STAHL PARIS, 1986 SOMMAIRE MARGARET HIEBERT BETSSINGER (Corbridge Nass. - Etats Unts) Couplets and Clusters as Conpositional Devices in Romanian Tradition Narrative Songe preeerereeratss i ALAIN BOURAS (La Roche sur Yon ~ France] Liitinéraire culturel de larbre, en Rounanie . 2 JOSE DA SILVA LIMA (Viana do Castelo ~ Portugal) Fete, foire ot identité dans le Alto-Minho .... 2 ANORONAQUE DEKONOMOU (Kriekoukt ~ Grace La récalte de le résine dans la région de 1'Attique (Grace) .... 58 NIKOLA F, PAVKOVIC (Beigrads - Yougosievie) Le mariage matrilocel et la société petriiocale de 1a Yougo- slavie prereset ee . 2 ANOREL PIPPTOT (Bucarest * Rounanie) Juife et Rouneins eux XVi-e et XVII-e siacles . pacers] MIHAL POP (Guoarest ~ Rounante] Les Ligneges du Marenures (Transylvanie, Roumanie) .++++++ 88 AURORE SAGOT-OATEGA (Paris ~ France) Le Joune homme repoussé. Le protocols de 1a connaissence et dee fiancailles dans 1a Salento (Pouilles, Ttelie) 88 PAUL H. STAHL (Paris - France) Le livre des Rota, La décapitetion +... ANNIE STIEGLITZ-GOFFRE (Paris ~ France L'inauguration de la discothique 8 Kimolos (Grice) TEXTES OANA ANOREESCU-HTEREAN (Paris ~ Francs) lee trois fenes enmurées EFROSSINE PLERUSSAKI. (Trakiton ~ Gréce) Incentations erétotses HENRI H. STAHL (Gucarest ~ Rounanie) 323 “a7 ‘saintes” (“ale sfinte seeeeeeeeenenee 129 compTes-RENDUS ACTA MUSEE DEVENSIS, SARGETIA XVI-XVIT «+s 0 oe 133 133 135 135 E. P. ALEXAKIS - I exagora tis nifis (Irine Toundessekis) DRAGOSLAV ANTONTJEVIC ~ Obredi i obidaji balkanskin stotara . BALCANICA . DUSAN BANOIC = Tebu u tredicionainos kulturi Si ‘Antoni jevie-Pajié - 138 TAVCRED GANATEAN) - Prulegenene ia’ terie a ostetieli artes populare sees. oe 137 ALENKA BOGOVIC, SORUT CAJNKO'~ Slovenes u Franci3i 2138 BULETINUL BIBLIOTECIE ROMANESTE. XI (XV) 1136 CIBINIUK. 1975-1983 ... pense 1140 NICOLAE CoJ0cARU ~ casa’ vache de ionn din Bucovina 2140 TON CONEA = Plaiuri carpats: : Dan CULTURE POPULAIRE ALBANATSE. 4/1864 00.0000 .0. faa OOILE DANIEL - Les sociétés d*Europe orientale. Sources bi- biiographiquas (1870-1280) eeecerseeerertarscrstepi72] ETHNOGRAPHIE ALBANAISE. 13. a fee 2143 ETHNOGRAPHICA ET FOLKLORTSTICA CARPATHICA, Tone 3. 2145 ELENA FLORESCU - Arhitectura populard din’ zona Neant 2146 VACLAV FROLEC ~ Horni Vestonice » eeretsers 2146 NARIE-ELISABETH HANONAN ~ La violonge et ia ruse’. ta TALOMITA, MATERIALE DE TSTORIE AGRARA A ROMANIET | tae MARIJA KOZAR-HUKIC ~ Slovensko Parabje . faa DEMETRIOS LOUKATOS ~ Simpliromatike tou chinane ke tis onixie (Andromaque Gekononou) +++ = - 148 DENETRIOS LOLNOPOULOS = Te gheorghike tie Roumelie (An- romaque Oekononou) sere 150 NONUNENTET 1/1984 = pe 1151 STEFAN OLTEANU - Sociatates rendneascs Io Sumpans de milendi sss 152 STELIOS PAPADOPOULOS - T chelkotachnike ston elliniko chore (ictorda-Violeta Nikita) . ses 152 ANORET PANOIU ~ Arhitectura 51 sistenatizarea rurale Mohedints a 188 PAUL PETRESCU "Arcade tn’ tine’. PAUL PETRESCU, ELENA SECOSAN, GEOROETA' STOICA, PAVEL Arta populers din Mehedints = 156 LEONARDO PIASERE ~ Nare Roma. IN ass GEORGES RAVIS-GIORDANT ~ Borgors Gorges. Les comunautés ville- Booises de NOU seeseseses teveeee 155 REVWE DES ETUDES SUD-EST EUROPEENNES — SIT 187 GEORGETA STOICA, MIHAL POP ~ Zona stnognaficd Lépus 2158 GEORGETA STOICA, PAUL PETRESCU, MIARIA SOCSE - Osetionar de arta populare peer + 153 ookas sToANoVIC ~"Hajducd i kletts Dasa STUDIA FOLKLORISTICA ET ETHNOGRAPHICA 160 NIVES SULTC ~ Thank God I'm Slovenian | 4160 UIVARY ZOLTAN - Jatek es Mask fae 161 SLOBODAN ZECEVIC ~ Mitska srpakih’pradanja (Oragana Antoni Jevig- Paste) sees SLOBODAN ZECEVIC SLOBODAN ZECEVIC ~ Srp 181 462 463 COUPLETS AND CLUSTERS AS COMPOSITIONAL DEVICES TIN RONANZAN ORAL TRADITIONAL NARRATIVE SONGS MARGARET HIESERT SETSSINGER “Clusters. of formilas ar ‘run! (1) ere groups of two or more relatively stable lines representing essential ideas that. regularly recur together through hobitual usage in oral traditional sung poetry. Formulas, that is, particular word combinations in regular syntactic ond metrical pattems which custonerily are associated with certain deat in. the poetry, are fundanentel compositional units in the traditional singing of narrative poens, Comparatively steble “cluster of formulaic lings expressing ossential ideas similerly recur and Persist through habitual association in the poetry. Orel traditional Romenian narrative songs, "ointece batrinesti" (encient songs), will bo exenined here in a treatment of clusters of formulas as compositional devices. The narrative song repertoire of the late Costicd Staicu, Topresentetive traditional singer or "lauter” fron Blejestt (Teteorman), will provida the texts for the analysis (2). The term "formiia" in thie Snvestigation 1s reserved for the regularly recurring elenents of an dndividual line, clusters of formles here ars Considered repeated short passages of relative fixity. Ronentan traditional narrative or epic’ songs aro normally between 200 and 400 lines long and are characterized, for the most part, by generally trochaie lines of seven or eight syllebles. Clusters of formulas ere wisespreed throughout the genre. In Costicd Staicu's repertoire, though comparatively steble, clusters of formulas are Gistinguished, at tho sana time, by the flexibility so typicel of oral corposition, Sonetines the verses in @ given cluster are repeated verbetim in different songs; at other times, substitution systens conforming ‘to narrative context ere characteristic, In addition, the Tength of any givern cluster may differ considerably. Verses thet often Fecura alone, thet 1a, formulas, may also regulerly figure in couplets. On the other hand, a cluster that usually hes only txo or threa lines, for example, may be expended on occasion to four or five. Finally, the order of the lines in a cluster, especially the longer the cluster, may Very. Albert 8. Lord, speaking of the nature of clusters in the Yugosiav rel epic genra, remarks that: