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o

aecood narnicr

, ' p t ~ p d \ s ~ ~ ~ , , flight onoi


sas-kemB

pecfor rnance
den\+
.

. S h u c t d r ~ t and

cnt\tro\

c o f i ~ i d ~ & \ am fioC o~~

if

yes.

;S

thrs

chQngos are made 4-0 t h e

c o , c e p t ~ ~ l design

pho~e
,c . t

, '?rcLl~e
)
QW

o+

i~d;o;du~(b , 7 , sCh
number

sccti'uq,

-tab3
e+c

719ce. r h~
detwm:ned.

site,

QA

lacd-iqfl

.fbs&nenecs

(riue&,

bolt,,

U Q ~ Uc 4 ~ r ; n 3 fQ

-hs,,(s

are.

des$ed.

~ ; ~

0 s ulWich
?I,JQ~

otl

tk
ace:

defsils

04

-+he

~ o n c e y t q ~d e ~ $ n will (

haq3.

+O+S

-,)aeqcl;(emen+s
ii\ W ~ i ~ h t

.
+he a;rplw
uls
T/LJ

, Tics4 es4-ima-k . E ) C ~ i t k d ~ ~ @ r m q n e ep w ~ r n e b - ~ c c . "nx L/b


I

05

? /w

iv) bn.Figura+ion

~QY&+.

Ueight componeA:
i) crew

ueigh* (we,_)

I'~Q?\E fieces~ary
the

40

O F Q ~ ~

+he

~ k \ r p \ a ~ SI;gk~, in

ii]

~
,

~ (w ~ o o ~! w hot h t

Pb

~ l b p i ~ e
Q

Mendd

4 .tmnlpor-L 3
+he 3 ~ ~ \ o pJd ;

( ,QSSC~~US

bcxgge3r

, cox39 ,
weight

o+r . )(+or

airplgne ~i(i+car~

bomb5, r o e G e t s , and o t h ~ r

d i ~ p o ~ o b ~0rd;fi~nce e .)

ij;\fUel Weigh+ ( u J e d ) :
iv) Ern*

fud

in

+he

fael + ~ n k s ,
s&rucbm

w ~ i $ h t ump+r) weight ( :

evud#h

elrr ;
r

i ner

e~e~+r.~cp\( e c & o n : c ~ \ /e

eq d; ?mu+

landing 3=-r

, Sir&

eq~;pmen+.

W,:

&s;gn

-t~ke-~i# 8roSb

cu&,jh4

+he

wai$ht

of

+ha al\CPIPw

blD =

%cew

~pcryload (W,

4-

Wfu.llw,

- W.mpt3

wdght f r d i M s

firnoun+
+he

m;s+;oo

CcleI

depend3

+he

m;ss;on

- 3 1

be
~

flou~r,
~
Q

ro+e.

The

aifpl~nc

is

Short

turned

doan

a+

+he

end
4-1 c es

? rofile

608~ent

f rac4;on

a :rglcv\e
at

we;

we+&

+bc

For

QLOWL i s r l \ o q w

Q "

o ~ r o d y ~ a m i i x 0.f

aiccc~t-f
effec-k

4 n d -thr

en3;ne
SQ

fuel
+he
fuel

drag

u ~ e d

0.t

She

{lbht

4.C

She

d~~fi'fi~tion,
can
of
be

times
'

the flsht

endope

descc.i.+d -. -

s c o n c ~ p t u ~ ls k e t c h

~ l t ; t u d eUS,

c +he {

M;JS;O~

i~

Q S S O C ; Q ~ ~

with q , d

3I? t

~tieh end
Q

o/

4I.l~ seSmmt

diu;ded $

beg?nn;y

+he segmm+.

ii)

c a l c u 1ot.e

A~

I&,

fro,
fC,

(")
(nx)

iii) b b l ~ C c

wp(wo

~
C

~ ~+a&, h

+a*; e

, Cake- o## :

STeci fit

fuel c r n ~ m p t i o ? ( je+s):

[ I

/ h l k l b / l ~ ) / h ]
\oitQ,-

Type 04 eng;ne
TUC o j t b ~

cruise
0,9

0,8

l o w b3-poss

Turb~fan

H3h

by-p9s3

7urb ~ f fsn q

Lc

bo - prop

lReb+ior\

b&

C* POA

CP

es-timate
C ~ Q

On

+he

dots
s

of

+he

exish'ng

~:rplaes.

L / ~r c l t i ~ s

est;ma-ted

fa~t;oO

O$
3.6

'LYLI I s r e + or using

(-fed

area/
h r n d l ~ ;$

re#~mnce a r e s ) (Raymw

-fig

2.6

vi

1 de s c a C

and

win3

Ii++
Y

coefifi&+:

+he

li#

coefficient

a+ which She aI(rfoil

+he

- SoSbll
:

Lib.

f
+he

+hc

+ra,/i'n3

edge

. A+

Q todn

J loo , +he boundac3


l e d f n g edge
momeqt

1o;)er

sqorates
4

.from

Smiling edge
o&

, mou;?

40w d +he ~

QS

i~ t n c c e o ~ e d .
c h ~ c

3 - h ~loss

li Ft

p d dJ , the pi.tchiy

o l o e ~n o t

"yd1'*5.

Nifig

~ wst ;

3.i p

akfoils
>n

h ~ v e redureJ

4 :

w h j
*Q

&/IS

fibs-+ o~

&e

roo+

, CQSLLI+~~~

giaduaI
-~Lu;J').

s+Q(I

-for

wily

effQc+;YQners

( metric

b;+ent +he +ip - T P pk.foiI


efiecC;uena~

SCLC~~O~S ma3

be

chosen

Q H\e t

ond

doll

of

W~hw

fhnt
~p

a;leron
( ( A ~ ~ I O V ~ ~ WI&

P ~ ~ S N ~ E J -

Jfall

c h ~ m c - f e r i ~ f tc f ~

lend;fi3 ed3c

devices

like

J I Q S ~~ ( o - l s l e d $ , ,

edge

fhpr,

efc.

ole J k ~ b l 1 e
i ~ VmQx : )
'may

,s

w/s/

(\orgc

wh3 Io~rJky

J'J

de~~hb,)

75

fim~

, low
+QLCZ-Q#

4 s

3etumlb~

by She

d b f ~ ~ e

climb

~d

M C I K I ~ ~ M

o,f'

climb)

c~lcqlsted c h ~ r ~ c + w ; s f ~ c sone cqn ,


~ ~ ~ M S ; D O JT. h e &

draw
f

pic&rL

a r ~ n n s?ec;flc

ules

or

~ Q W S

on

'I)

one

oc

f u o

en

..
b3pa's

3i n a s

~ b t o -Prop 0

+ucbn)mp

, SLU b~je-t
or

~Q%Q enjlnes 7 )

i') L o w - w i n g ii

M;,-j-W$

high-wln3

,etc,?

This

reduces
e-ffec.t;ue

the

She

-fPct~r.
lower

-f=

reduced

s ~ l e

Q+4ac+

0.f-

She

bps,

Jet

+m:cle/. (do9 f;ghh)

Set 4 i J L - k o
Ir

co.+he)

PA ili la3

+~wJ~w+ bomb*

5ct

h-bywt

i+

behind

h e

U ~ c h cane

.%~~reklb

Foe
lhl in3

Tro\hiow

se\ec+'~m ( 8 o y m e r
\ Q ~ Q \

6'c~. .20) 4

can

be u ~ d .
~ l u,e

sweep

;rnp(ove~

s - k h i ( i t Y . fl Swel+

hCL) l

na-tural

di hedral

effect.

4
on

ms3 s

be

ne-sspr-

-f-0

dihedral

-=-uegt

w$

+a

a ~ i da s-li-/,/

d e c renslng

MOCQ

(iff

'13

pr~drlcad S Q U J Qt~ ~ J r o o t - h~
b u ~ r d w;ng ~
root
= 3

o+ t h e wing,

I-QSS-

M~~~~

~ornenf arm

.from

+he

root

+n

+he

cm+~~-

be

~ a d e
s

li

3h t ~ .
)L
5 how

~cndes'mSle s&I/

chcvccf~b+;cr,

bu$fe+in3
u ~ w in3 n

as

i t

'~(OWJ

ouw

She

h~r;oon+q\ -Coilt gic/;ng sfrong ~4dl

4-0 4b wing

b The )

-Fip has

a-tf~chd

flow

=, a i h F o n ~

sre

,h

prop

o r f ;on

the

db h c e

+<om

aeioof

For

ar,

uotwbtad
the

~ f n j

E~~'dp.lca is

4-h~M ~ I C

'

bc+deq

~ U J ~ Q .

-s '

wd

fie

wlhg

'4

ubq b; hedrd b

I+

i j She

~ 3 l eelf

? i O ~ l ; d ~

ie F O

effective

dihdml.

T ~ Q pgr;t;w

o,-f

fhe

wlhg

i)

high - wh3

ccmPig~rczt;on:

hd~cnfo~oui
C\OSPI

4~ 4

r ~ ~ ~ o ~i( Ct C Q ~ / Q
win3
CM

ai

ib

/uad,'ng

(fuxk

+ ,

-/he

g ~ ~ w. dH b h I

3f;iimtion

p o u ; d e ~ add;(;

s4sbility

.par

rolIl3 ~ Q C I ' U .

ii)

- w 9 wfig~+ion
d/ag
of

+he

+ h e

' ~ ~ . f ; ~ ~ r o t t ; obecclwc o f ns. law


major

reduced
/eequi/e ( i / J c + ~

body

io-ter~rtio~.

H3h

and

con

f i3

U C Q ~ ; , ~ ~

-Co

doccap~e

;n+e~tfmce

drag . A

difidwiQs

~ - h ~ ~ + ~

wdjht

Q-/-

She

ahc~+4.

Landin3

3-1

are

S~t'iol, A-A

o
0
0

~ r e ~ ~ u e 8iod;mt

OCCUI~

= >

f JOUI

J Y R ;) ~ ~ J

@hamd.

-lo

(educe

S ~ C

CIS ~m

+r~iIi3 +e
I n
o

u,c

fillit

mid-

wig

cc?tf;3uro+ia,

, wrhg
+he

{*a

+-

(jobs &

f u ~ e ~ c ya6

9",
ch-

uWch

rnthi~i7-2~

& s t f e w hbe
bWlc+;on

ww

Siee

+he

fdsc\Q3e

~cc~fd;fi3
on4

+ Q

the \en9+h
0

, width
en9ine)

qrd hdght o+

he eng;r\e
Thme

c a r d;~me+or

\ e ~ ~ +f hr o
o l d

jet

sho%\d

sd.f.f;dent

~ a m C S p l ? \ e STQce -fsr the

pi\o~5

(@g

3.2, 3.3

- St;n-tnn)

angle

should
0
,

not

be

~
MOT(L

6+ \ O W

~e s

p ~ ~ n i ot ~

*en
be,+& +ha C G . should

a, ,

6e

(efi,+h

o+

the f u ~ c l ~ 3 e

o& eng:fie

, y i l ~ k x, din3
;n-fwmof\oo
t

and
QOQ

?~~L;)lond,
M Q q~

d S ; a.

+ha

crude ~

estimation

*+ +he
Iocsf; on

C.G

IOcQg~n ~ ; . 7 1 d

& ~ e \ a ~ \ ~ o c Q ~ - b i u k 40 +-the COG. a b


ocracnt
~4
Q ~ P C O P P ~ Mamu. Q ~ ~

k k e

4%

( fuAC\age can also be

;nctudJ

lhto the

c d c d k t i ~) - 79ke n

+he

en3ho

wc9ht

C ~ecLic (e

aerod

3 I\-;

-3er

m ~ * b t

UJ i

C.G.

l.Z,+

~oi,-n-ts(
siting i s

Vwkid
&-n?:(;cnI

T4;L s;->*.
precisc
,

TQ;\

ofid less

h ~ i ~ f i u

'3tov;des

long;tu~;,[

s k b i li-ly

. ConCrol

suc.facp

I , the

e&,

-4,

anal

fl

tor c ~ n c q + d ~ [

h&&ci~ef

dab

bwd

airfoil

, UJC

o si)mpqddc

em

whm

She wing

s-tel\s

h~i~~lltd

~1.11

5 fill

l o w +hsn

7%

whg,

increase

iI I

f i o ~ ueloti

+y

across

any p r o f u l s:ue

i +be propd\w )

+ips

CIQW She ~ t

gc~wnd

U J ~ Q ~

+k qbpIwe

ob +a:ned

fro M

*e

spproah

ore

; less w&ght )
ji)

h ; ~ h ~ ~ $ C ; Q A C(high d) ~ ~
+hree
or
~ F Q .

a u~C11~as d 03
'I)

blQd~3 ;

smaller d i o me+

,X

~ W ~ Q J

\ ~ n d ; 3~
ef f e r i s .

ii)

less s c d e r c

c w r r p a s i b ; li

il) highw

df;&wy

due

+a

b~.+-h

~ b s o ~ 4 o ~ .

i) csbbn

floor

is

hor;*n*rl

when

the

&in3

+he e r o ~ d r d l .

tor

S)\is

~ o n ~ i g u c ~ C i +he ~o

~l' otn

docsn

'+

+I~I ground l ~ q d i 9 geas


is

on

I ~ n d l n g . T h e a~3lc b-kuren 4hc


.From

tQi\ old

ihe

meawed

*e

~ h e d h -+he

the

bc

~ ' ~ t e+hq, r
-.jr

should
more
+kn

Thib

mm,
noJc

Shc

wheel,

aft.

and
won

mo~t d u u ~ d

Y o/,

*WQ

'+

be

=no34

fl~.io.- w h e e l

4 f ~ ~ h ' o& o

ste-,

7h,
O+

sku4
1

+(adel

shodld be

+
Thc

0-13.

aft.

the

fw +he
\oh.

nose
-to

bd)h3

Rgp.

~ Q A g-, ~ ;
of

enough

y;&d

p r ~ p d \ cl~wcnce ~

Q.4

63.

W.r.t

-f4. G . C

~ r o ~ w ~ d

pm r~nt
The

b3

c d

' I

tel~+iue

$0

She

f ~ d a g e where .

+.ha.
Now,

os
one

% t
0

a+

ihe

w;-.

qlon~.

pdsc(J

LQCQ~

& l cd1h3

~QWS.

choo~e
focmula

off

- 4ho- ~ h d fttlres

f~ ( g ~ ~ m u ble 11, t)

u~i-khall

-/ha

m$or

corn~on~n+=s ti&

re~yf+k~

add

them

1,
W,,

#-2,

lelg&r
;a

,hf+

wept~h

lib-

,h;&

0 4 ,ZQLI,&J

~~~~

4 i-twa5('~~1 p p r o ~ c h . u

Cp

dcog < t e f o - I; f + dry 1

?r~):

- Cpo +
2

U ~ L w

d g due 4 . m

w e

cut

h,y&

Y ~ o c ; ~ .

jn flucnc;- e th

rate

o+

4imh

is

+he

+ h c ~ > t4 3

S W U ; ~ci:3 oln

; )
ii)

CQ\CU\Q~~

I2.k

1t\r\

Q +

di-f+rn+

~itihde~

'P\&
~h~

-the

cescrI-ts

h(f+\ She

k(c

ImOX f o c r n at
:I\+QJS~C~S

~\+;Sc~de

cur-

kk)m

~ = X

a[w,',

sFIOC;C~ fuel

conaurn@on

-* .

. .,. ...

............

.
-

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1

. '.

..$

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.

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:

...... .
, .
.
;

-. .
:

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.
I

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.

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.:

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.
-;

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.

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.--.. . . . . . . . .

. . - L . _ -...i. -. i. z .-I ......._........... ._ . . . ,. . . . 0 : . . . . ! , ,....... I . . . . . . _. . . . . . . . ; : . : ....... -....--....-.-,-- , . : . L . . . ! , : . . . -:! -- - -i----. I : . . ! ,. :,. ! : . ! ! . . ,. . _.__r._,-..._-___ -.-&--L--k . . A ! . : . ' , , . :, . .... .--_.- ..- . --. . . ' . i " :.i . , : P l 0 di ......I... : ..,; c . . : . . . j. j ' ' -, . , . , . \:*. :,! ......1 . : ..-. i i . " . . . i .- ........ ; ....- ... :........ , .I ... ..... .-. , .-..- 2. . . _.I-___. . . , ' , . , . .
?+- 8

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............... ................ ! ' : , : : . . , , ..'.. . . . . .; .. ..-. .. : . : --: -..-... . . .........................

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af
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Lfr Cy\r ..LA ..


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.

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ROTE ..
..

Produekan
.
.

In;iia\

Spat-er

+ u & * , a ; u c ~ , + " - p - * . , ~ ' ;

a , s " L . , ~ u g c t c o ; on,.). pt

.:

.-