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ENERGY BLANCE

1. Primary Reformer
Primary
Reformer

Inlet

Outlet

CH4 = 683881.25 mol/hr

CH4 = 22568.125 mol/hr

C2H6 = 6874.33 mol/hr

C2H6 = 6874.33 mol/hr

C3H8 = 1015.455 mol/hr

C3H8 = 1015.455 mol/hr

C4H10 = 671.552 mol/hr

C4H10 = 674.552 mol/hr

CO2 = 885.227 mol/hr

CO2 = 391541.591 mol/hr

H2O = 3883973.892 mol/hr

CO = 330656.4286 mol/hr
H2 = 2314595 mol/hr
H2O = 3113144.444 mol/hr

Hin (CH4) =Hf+

PDT

=74.85+

=74.85+17.23
=57.6223

(Hin(CH4)= 57.6223

=-39406810.55
2.Hin (C2H6) = Hf+
=84.76+
=(
= 56.53

PdT

Dt

Hin (C2H6) = 56.53

3.Hin(C3H8)= Hf+

PdT

= 103.8+
== 103.8+40.92
=62.88

Hin(C2H8)= =62.88
=-63851.81

4.Hin (C4H10)= Hf+


=

PdT

= 124.7+5375
= 70.95

Hin (C4H10)= 70.95

=-47646.62

5.Hin(CO2)= Hf+

PdT

= 393.5+
=

Hin(CO2)=

dT

=-333748.28

6.Hin(H2O)= Hf+

PdT

dT

=
= 229.09

Hin(H2O)= 229.09

=-88978073.08

Total Hin in primary reformer = Hin (CH4)+ Hin(C2H6)+ Hin(C2H8)+ Hin (C2H10)+ Hin(CO2)+ Hin(H2O)
=(-39406810.55

=-930021386.1 kj/hr

Out let energy


1.

HOUT(CH4)= Hf+
=

40.61

PdT

HOUT(CH4)=

=-772732.6

2.

Hout(C2H6) = Hf+

=84.76+
=84.76+67.33
=17.34

PdT

Hout(C2H6) =17.34

=-119132.14kj/hr

(3) Hout(C3H8)= Hf+

PdT

= 103.8+
== 103.8+98.34
== 5.16
Hout(C3H8)= 5.16

=-3480.688

(4)
Hout (C4H10)= Hf+

PdT

= 124.7+128.55
=

Hout (C4H10)=

=2597.03
(5)
Hout(CO2)= Hf+
= 393.5+
=

=
Hout(CO2)=
=-140211043.7

PdT

dT

Hout(CO)= Hf+

6.

PdT

= 110.52+

dT

= 110.52+.52+22.78
= 87.74
Hout(CO)= 87.74
=-29011795.05

Hout(H2O)= Hf+

7.

PdT

dT

=
= 269.22

Hout(H2O)= 269.22

=-838120747.2 kj/hr

8. Hout(H2)=

PdT

=
=

dT

Hout(H2)=
=-16792386.73

Total Hout from primary reformer = Hout (CH4)+ Hout(C2H6)+ Hout(C2H8)+ Hout (C4H10)+
Hout(CO2)+Hout(CO)+ Hout(H2O)+ Hout(H2)
=(-772732.6-119132.14-3480.688+2597.03-140211043.7-29011795.05-838120747.216792386.73)
=-1025028721kj/hr

Energy Balance of Primary Reformer:

Total Hout - Total Hin = -1025028721+930021386.1 = -95007334.9 kj/hr

2.Secondary Reformer
Secondary
Reformer
Inlet

Outlet

CH4 = 22568.125mol/hr

CH4 = 225.625 mol/hr

C2H6 = 6874.3333 mol/hr

CO2 = mol/hr

C3H8 = 1015.4545 mol/hr

CO = 330656.4286 mol/hr

C4H10 = 671.5517 mol/hr

H2 = 2053000 mol/hr

CO2 = 331541.5909 mol/hr

H2O = 3447455 mol/ hr

H2O = 3113144.444 mol/hr

N2 = 898460.7143 mol/ hr

CO = 330656 mol/hr
H2 = 2314595 mol/hr
N2 = 898460.7143 mol/hr
O2 = 208975 mol/hr

Hin(air)=
=
=14.366

Hin(air)=14.366

=15909421.47
Total Hin in Secondary reformer=Hin(air)+ Total Hout from primary reformer

=(15909421.47-1025028721)
=-1009119300.53 kj/hr
Output of secondary reformer:

1.Hout(CO2)= Hf+

PdT

= 393.5+
dT

=
=

Hout(CO2)=

=-130886834.4

2. Hout(CO)= Hf+

PdT

= 110.52+

dT

= 110.52+27.44

= 83.08

Hout(CO)= 83.08

=-27470936.09
3.Hout(H2)=

PdT

=
=

Hout(H2)=

dT

=53213760

4.Hout(N2)=

PdT

Dt

=27.185

Hout(N2)=27.185

=24424654.52

5. Hout(H2O)= Hf+

PdT

dT

=
= 234.727

Hout(H2O)= 234.727

= -809210769.8
6. HOUT(CH4)= Hf+
=

PdT

=-23.61kj/mol
HOUT(CH4)=-23.61kj/mol

225.625mol/hr

=-5327 kj/hr

Energy Balance of Secondary Reformer:


Total Hout - Total Hin = -889935452.8+1009119300.53 = 119183847.2kj/hr

3.CO Converter

CO Converter

Inlet

Outlet

CH4 = 225.625 mol/hr

CH4 = 225.625 mol/hr

CO2 = 373365 mol/hr

CO2 = 703690.6818 mol/hr

H2O = 3447455 mol/hr

CO = 330.3571 mol/hr

CO = 330656.4286 mol/hr

H2 = 2383655 mol/hr

H2 = 2053000 mol/hr

H2O = 3117129.444 mol/ hr

N2 = 898460.7143 mol/hr

N2 = 898460.7143 mol/ hr

Inlet:
1.Hin (CO2) = Hf+

PdT

= 393.5+
dT
=
=
Hin(CO2)=

=371192015.7

2. Hin(CO)= Hf+

PdT

= 110.52+

dT

= 110.52+9.70
= 100.82

Hin(CO)= 100.82

=-33336781.13

3.Hin(H2)=

PdT

dT

Hin(H2)=

=19298200

4.Hin (N2) =

PdT

Dt

=9.63

Hin (N2) =9.63

=8652176.637

5. Hin (H2O) = Hf+


=
=

PdT

dT

= 230.44

Hout (H2O) = 230.44

= -348882446

Total Hin=Hin (CO2)+ Hin(CO)+ .Hin(H2)+ .Hin (N2)+ Hin (H2O)


=16923165.21

Outlet:
1.Hout (CO2) = Hf+

PdT

= 393.5+
dT

=
=

Hoot (CO2)=

=879845570.2

2. Hout(CO)= Hf+

PdT

= 110.52+

dT

= 110.52+11.52
= 98.965
Hout(CO)= 98.965
=-32693.79

3.Hout(H2)=

PdT

dT

Hout(H2)=
=26649262

4.Hout(N2)=

PdT

=
=11.46

dT

Hout(N2)=11.46

=10296359.79

5. Hout (H2O) = Hf+

PdT

dT

=
= 228.22

Hout (H2O) = 228.22

= -71142892

Total Hout=Hout (CO2) +Hout(CO)+Hout(H2)+Hout(N2)+Hout (H2O)


=845615606.3

4.NH3 Synthesis
NH3
Synthesis

INLET

Outlet

H2 = 2383650 mol/hr

NH3 = 351660.5882

N2 = 898460.7143 mol/hr

H2 = 1856150 mol/ hr
N2 = 722628.5714 mol/hr

Inlet:
1.Hin (N2) =

PdT

=
=6.32

dT

Hin (N2) =6.32

=56788271.714

2.Hin (H2) =
=

PdT

dT

=6.22

Hin(H2)=
=14826303

Outlet

1. Hout(NH3) =

PdT

+
=-27.47 kj/mol

dT

Hout (NH3)= (-27.47 * 3516605882)kj/hr

=-9659971.885 kj/hr

2.Hout(N2)=

PdT

=
3.Hout(H2)=
=

dT
PdT

dT