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SYLLABUS FOR CIVIL PROCEDURE (MIDTERMS) Atty. Henedino Joseph P. Eduarte Jr, Ll.b., Ll.m. I. General Principles A.

Concept of remedial law B. Substantive law as distinguished from remedial law C. Rule-making power of the Supreme Court 1. Limitations on the rule making power of the Supreme Court
Atty. Romulo Macalintal vs. Presidential Electoral Tribunal, G.R. No. 191618, June 7, 2011

2. Power of the Supreme Court to amend and suspend procedural rules Jimmy Barnes vs. Judge Padilla, G.R. No. 160753, June 28, 2005 Solgen vs. Metro Manila Authority, G.R. No. 102782, December 11, 1991 Domingo De Guzman vs. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 103276, April 11, 1996 Danilo Parel vs. Heirs of Simeon Prudencio, G.R. No. 192217, March 2, 2011 Golden Arches Development Corporation vs. St. Francis Square Holdings, Inc., G.R. No. 183843. January 19, 2011 Sps. Bergonia vs. CA, G.R. No. 189151, January 25, 2012

D. Nature of Philippine Courts 1. Meaning of a court 2. Court as distinguished from a judge 3. Classification of Philippine Courts a. Constitutional courts b. Statutory courts c. Superior courts d. Inferior courts e. Courts of original jurisdiction f. Appellate courts g. Courts of law h. Civil courts i. Criminal courts j. Courts of general jurisdiction k. Courts of special jurisdiction l. Courts of record m. Probate courts n. Land registration courts o. Ecclesiastical courts p. Tribal courts q. Family courts r. Military courts 4. Courts of original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction 5. Courts of general jurisdiction and special jurisdiction 6. Constitutional and statutory courts 7. Courts of law and equity Reyes vs. Lim, 408 SCRA 560 8. Principle of judicial hierarchy St. Martin Funeral Homes vs. NLRC, 295 SCRA 494 Alcazaren vs. Univet Agri., 476 SCRA 636

9. Doctrine of non-interference or doctrine of judicial stability Lions Club International vs. Amores, 121 SCRA 621 Felipe vs. Leuterio, 91 Phil. 482 U.S. vs. Caete, 38 Phil. 253 Fortuno vs. Hon. Palma, G.R. No. 70203, December 18, 1987, 156 SCRA 691 Yau vs. Manila Banking Corporation, 384 SCRA 340 Ngo Bun Tiong vs. Judge Sayo, 163 SCRA 237 Paper Industries Corporation vs. IAC, 151 SCRA 161 NEA vs. Mendoza, 138 SCRA 632 PICOP vs. IAC, 151 SCRA 161 Traders Royal Bank vs. IAC, 133 SCRA 259 Santos vs. Bayhon, 199 SCRA 525 II. Jurisdiction Arevalo vs. Benedicto, 58 SCRA 186 Planas vs. CIR, 3 SCRA 395 Anuran vs. Aquino, 38 Phil. 29 Andaya vs. Abadia, 228 SCRA 705 Zamora vs. CA, 183 SCRA 279 Solid Homes Inc., vs. Payawal, 177 SCRA 72 Estoesta vs. CA, 179 SCRA 203 Abain vs. Chua, 11 SCRA 754 Dela Cruz vs. CA, 510 SCRA 103 ABC Auto Supply vs. CA, 284 SCRA 218 Heirs of Dela Cruz vs. Heirs of Dela Cruz, 475 SCRA 743 Asia Internationa Auctioneers vs. Parayno, G.R. No. 163445, Dec. 18, 2007 ACE vs. Commissioner of Customs, 11 SCRA 147 Padunan vs. DARAB, 396 SCRA 196 United Homeowners Association, Inc., vs. BF Homes, Inc., 310 SCRA 304 Municipality of Antipolo vs. Zapanta, 133 SCRA 820 Rep vs. Marcos, 29 SCRA 517 Rep vs. Marcos, 52 SCRA 238 Filing fees Mangaspi vs. Ramolete, 115 SCRA 193 Manchester vs. CA, 149 SCRA 562 Sun Insurance vs. Asuncion, 170 SCRA 274 Pilipinas Shell vs. CA, 171 SCRA 674 Original Development and Construction Corp vs. CA, 202 SCRA 753 Ballatan vs. CA, 304 SCRA 35 Hodges vs. CA, 184 SCRA 281 A. Jurisdiction over the parties 1. How jurisdiction over the plaintiff is acquired Calauag vs. Pecson, 82 Phil. 12 Davao and Light Power Co., Inc., vs. CA, 204 SCRA 343 Ang Ping vs. CA, 310 SCRA 343 2. How jurisdiction over the defendant is acquired Navale vs. CA, 253 SCRA 699 La Naval Drug vs. CA, 236 SCRA 78; 2nd sentence, Sec. 20, Rule 14 and Sec. 8, Rule 15 Jose vs. Bayon, 414 SCRA 216 Avon Insurance PLC vs. CA, G.R. No. 97642, August 29, 1997 French Oil Machinery Co., vs. CA, 295 SCRA 462 Nature of action: Action in personam, in rem or quasi-in rem

Asiavest Ltd., vs. CA, 296 SCRA 539 Gomez vs. CA, 425 SCRA 98 PCIB vs. Alejandro, 533 SCRA 738 Biaco vs. PCRB, 515 SCRA 106 Alba vs. CA, 465 SCRA 495 Navale vs. CA, 253 SCRA 705 Carballo vs. Encarnacion, 92 SCRA 974 B. Jurisdiction over the subject matter 1. Meaning of jurisdiction over the subject matter De Jesus vs. Garcia, 19 SCRA 554 Sanchez vs. Marin, G.R. No. 171346, October 19, 2007 Department of Health vs. NLRC, 251 SCRA 700 Zamora vs. CA, 183 SCRA 279 Magay vs. Estandian, 69 SCRA 456 Sarmiento vs. CA, 262 SCRA 101 Tinitigan vs. Tinitigan, 100 SCRA 619 Notre Dame de Lourdes Hosp vs. Judge Mallare-Philipps, 197 SCRA 87 Bernardo vs. CA, 263 SCRA 660 Sea-Land Service Inc., vs. Cabato, 327 SCRA 521 Commart (Phils.), Inc., vs. SEC, 198 SCRA 73 Multinational Village Homeowners vs. CA, 203 SCRA 104 De Jesus vs. Bristol Laboratories 55 SCRA 349 Dela Rama vs. Mendiola, 401 SCRA 704
Jurisdiction over nature of the action (i.e., Jurisdiction over the subject matter, Sec. 1 (a) Rule 16 La Naval Drug vs. CA, 236 SCRA 78 Exception A.M. No. 00-11-03 SC Philex Mining Corp vs. Reyes, 118 SCRA 602 Union Glass and Container Corp., vs. SEC, 126 SCRA 31 BSBA vs. Leano, 127 SCRA 778 Realty Exchange vs. Sendino, 233 SCRA 665 Solid Homes vs. Payawal, 177 SCRA 72

2. Jurisdiction versus the exercise of jurisdiction Arranza vs. B.F. Homes, Inc., 333 SCRA 799 Rep vs. Asset Privatization Trust, 475 SCRA 608 Tolentino vs. Leviste, 443 SCRA 274 3. Error of jurisdiction as distinguished from error of judgment Cabrera vs. Lapid, 510 SCRA 55 Heirs of Maura So vs. Obliosca, 542 SCRA 406 Banco Filipino Savings and Mortgage Bank vs. CA, 334 SCRA 305 Suntay vs. Gacolay, 470 SCRA 627 BPI vs. ALS Management & Development Corp., 427 SCRA 564 Makawiag vs. Balindong, 502 SCRA 454 4. How jurisdiction is conferred and determined Padre vs. Badillo, et., al., G.R. No. 165423, January 19, 2011 De Jesus vs. Garcia, 19 SCRA 554 De Leon vs. CA, 245 SCRA 166 RP vs. Estipular, 336 SCRA 333 Sanchez vs. Marin, supra Zamora vs. CA, supra

De Jesus vs. Garcia, supra Santos vs. Northwest Orient Airlines, 210 SCRA 256 Del Castillo vs. Aguinaldo, 212 SCRA 169 Amigo vs. CA, 253 SCRA 382 Sea Land Service, Inc., vs. CA, 327 SCRA 135 Navales vs. Abaya, 441 SCRA 393 Dela Cruz vs. CA, 510 SCRA 103 Guiang vs. CA, 510 SCRA 568 Dela Rosa vs. Roldan, 501 SCRA 34 Bokingo vs. CA, 489 SCRA 521 Tecson vs. Guiterrez, 452 SCRA 781 Gocotano vs. Gocotano, 469 SCRA 326 Denilla vs. Bellosillo, 64 SCRA 63 Tinitigan vs. Tinitigan, supra Lahom vs. Sibulo, 406 SCRA 135 Commart vs. SEC, supra Multinational Village vs. CA, supra Baltazar vs. Ombudsman, 510 SCRA 74 Solid Homes vs. CA, 271 SCRA 157 Bulao vs. CA, 218 SCRA 321Inton vs. Quintana, 81 Phil. 120 Exception Concepcion vs. CFI of Bulacan, 119 SCRA 222 Bayog vs. Natino, 258 SCRA 378 Ignacio vs. CFI Bulacan, 42 SCRA 89 Dela Cruz vs. CA, 510 SCRA 103 Onquit vs. Binamira-Parcia, 297 SCRA 354 Vda de Victoria vs. CA, 449 SCRA 319 Hilado vs. Chavez, 438 SCRA 623 5. Doctrine of primary jurisdiction Brett vs. IAC, 191 SCRA 687 Roxas vs. CA, G.R. No. 127876, Dec. 17, 1999 First Lepanto Ceramics vs. CA, 253 SCRA 552 Machete vs. CA, 250 SCRA 176 Paloma vs. Mora, 470 SCRA 711 6. Doctrine of adherence of jurisdiction/ Doctrine of continuity of jurisdiction Dela Rosa vs. Roldan, 501 SCRA 34 Bokingo vs. CA, 489 SCRA 521 Bantua vs. Mercader, 350 SCRA 86 Aruego Jr vs. CA, 254 SCRA 711 Rep vs. Atlas Farms, 345 SCRA 296 7. Objections to jurisdiction over the subject matter Laresma vs. Abellana, 442 SCRA 156 Estoesta vs. CA, 179 SCRA 203 De Leon vs. CA, 245 SCRA 166 La Naval Drug vs. CA, 236 SCRA 78 Fabian vs. Desierto, 295 SCRA 470 Calimlim vs. Ramirez, 118 SCRA 399 Francel Realty Corp., vs. Sycip, 469 SCRA 424 Vda de Barrera vs. Heirs of Legaspi, G.R. No. 174346, September 12, 2008 8. Effect of estoppels on objections to jurisdiction

Tijam vs. Sibonghanoy, 23 SCRA 29 Tolentino vs. Escalona, 26 SCRA 613 Carrillo vs. Allied Workers, 24 SCRA 566 La Naval Drug Corporation vs. CA, 236 SCRA 78, supra PNOC Shipping and Transport Corp., vs. CA 297 SCRA 402 Alday vs. FGU Insurance Corp., 350 SCRA 113 Calimlim vs. Ramirez, 118 SCRA 399 Pangilinan vs. CA, 321 SCRA 51 C. Jurisdiction over the issues Reyes vs. Diaz, 73 Phil. 484 Distinction between a question of law and a question of fact Sps. Santos vs. CA, 337SCRA 67 Velayo-Fong vs. Sps. Velayo, 510 SCRA 320 Avon Cosmetics vs. LUNA, 511 SCRA 376 Exception: Sec. 5, Rule 10 Estolas vs. Acena, 448 SCRA 333 Cindy and Lynsy Garment vs. NLRC, 284 SCRA 38 D. Jurisdiction over the res or property in litigation Perkins vs. Dizon, 69 Phil. 186 Sec. 15, Rule 14, 1997 Rules of Court E. Jurisdiction of courts 1. Supreme Court 2. Court of Appeals Valdez vs. China Banking Corp., 455 SCRA 687 3. Court of Tax Appeals 4. Sandiganbayan (R.A. 8294) Carandang vs. Hon. Aniano Desierto, G.R. No. 148076, G.R. No. 153161, January 12, 2011 5. Regional Trial Courts R.A. 7691, An Act Expanding the Jurisdiction of the MTC, MTC and MCTCs (Admn Circ. No. 0994) Courts of General Jurisdiction Durisol Philippines, Inc., vs. CA, 377 SCRA 353 De Jesus vs. Garcia, 19 SCRA 554 Real Actions Assessed value Laresma vs. Abellana, 442 SCRA 156 Personal Actions Actions incapable of pecuniary estimation Cruz vs. Tan, 87 Phil. 627 Vda. De Murga vs. Chan, 25 SCRA 441 Ortigas vs. Herrera, 120 SCRA 89 Raymundo vs. CA, 213 SCRA 457 Singson vs. Isabela Sawmill, 88 SCRA 623 Russel vs. Vestil, 304 SCRA 739 Barangay Sawmill vs. Heirs of Pastor, 334 SCRA 127 Polomok Water District vs. Polomok General Consumers Association, G.R. No.162124, October 19, 2007 Cruz vs. Tan, 87 Phil. 627

Bokingo vs. CA, 489 SCRA 521 Makati Development Corp., vs. Tanjuatco, 27 SCRA 401 Davao Light and Power Co., Inc., vs. CA, G.R. No. 147058, March 10, 2005 6. Family Courts (R.A. 8369) 7. Metropolitan Trial Courts R.A. 7691, supra Courts of Limited Jurisdiction Accion interdictal Rule 70, Rules of Court; Summary Rules Accion publiciana as amended by R.A. 7961 Accion reivindicatoria as amended by R.A. 7961 Hilaro vs. Salvador, 457 SCRA 815 Quinagoran vs.CA, G.R. No. 155179, August 24, 2007 Atuel vs. Valdez, 403 SCRA 517 Vda. De Barrera vs. Heirs of Legaspi, G.R. No. 174346, September 12, 2008 Brgy. Piapi vs. Talip, 469 SCRA 409 Heirs of Concha vs. Sps. Lumocso, 540 SCRA 1 Delagated Jurisdiction 8. Shariah Courts F. Jurisdiction over small claims, cases covered by the Rules on Summary Procedure and Barangay Conciliation. Barangay Conciliation Rosaria Pang-et, et., al., vs. Catherine Dao-as, G.R. No. 167261, March 2, 2007 Galuba vs. Sps. Alfredo Laureta, G.R. No. 71091, January 29, 1988 Summary Procedure Go vs. CA, 297 SCRA 574 Five Star Marketing Corp., vs. Booc, 535 SCRA 28 Garcia vs. Zosa, Jr., 469 SCRA 334 Habagat Grill vs. DMC-Urban Property Developer,454 SCRA 653 A.M. No. 08-8-7-SC October 1, 2008 (Small Claims) G. Totality rule Enerio vs. Alampay, 64 SCRA 142 Agustin vs. Bacalan, 135 SCRA 340 Flores vs. Mallare-Philipps, 144 SCRA 377 Sec. 33[1], BP Blg., 129, as amended by R.A. No. 7691 Pantranco North Express, Inc., vs. Standard Insurance Co, Inc., 453 SCRA 482 Excluding: Interest, damages of whatever kind, attorneys fees, litigation expenses and costs. (IDALEC) Admin Circ., No. 09-94, June 14, 1994 H. Residual jurisdiction Sec. 9, Rule 41, 1997 Rules of Court Alama vs. Abbas, 18 SCRA 836 Fortune Life Ins. vs. CA, 224 SCRA 829 III. Civil Procedure Liberal Interpretation Asia Pacific Overseas Shipping Corporation vs. NLRC, 161 SCRA 122

Alonso vs. Villamor, 16 Phil. 315 Allied Banking Corporation vs. Eserjose, 453 SCRA 163 Tan Boon Bee & Co., Inc., vs. Judge Jarencio, 163 SCRA 205 Cometa vs. CA, 351 SCRA 294 Santos vs. CA, 198 SCRA 806 A. Actions 1. Meaning of ordinary civil actions Denoso vs. CA, 163 SCRA 683 2. Meaning of special civil actions 3. Meaning of criminal actions 4. Civil Actions versus special proceedings Lopez vs. Filipinas Compania de Seguros, 16 SCRA 859 Pacific Banking Corporation Employees Organization vs. CA, 249 SCRA 492 5. Commencement of Actions Mangaspi vs. Ramolete, 115 SCRA 193 Manchester vs. CA, 149 SCRA 562 Sun Insurance vs. Asuncion, 170 SCRA 274 Pilipinas Shell vs. CA, 171 SCRA 674 Original Development and Construction Corp vs. CA, 202 SCRA 753 Ballatan vs. CA, 304 SCRA 35 Hodges vs. CA, 184 SCRA 281 6. Personal actions and real actions R.A. 7691, supra Sec. 1, Rule 4 and Sec. 2 [a], Rule 4 Hernandez vs. Development of the Philippines, 71 SCRA 292 Domagas vs. Jensen, G.R. No. 158407, January 17, 2005 7. Local and transitory actions 8. Actions in rem, in personam and quasi in rem Asiavest Ltd., vs. CA, 296 SCRA 539 Gomez vs. CA, 425 SCRA 98 PCIB vs. Alejandro, 533 SCRA 738 Biaco vs. PCRB, 515 SCRA 106 Alba vs. CA, 465 SCRA 495 Navale vs. CA, 253 SCRA 705 Carballo vs. Encarnacion, 92 SCRA 974 RP vs. Herbieto, G.R. No. 156117, May 26, 2005 Midgely vs. Fernandos, 64 SCRA 23 Banco-Filipino Espaol vs. Palanca, 37 Phil, 921 Valmonte vs. Santos, 252 SCRA 92 Rayray vs. Chae Kyung Lee, 18 SCRA 450 Barco vs. CA 420 SCRA162 Hernandez vs. Rural Bank of Lucena, 81 SCRA 75 PNB vs. CA, 153 SCRA 435 Domagas vs. Jansen, supra B. Cause of action 1. Meaning of cause of action 2. Right of action versus cause of action 3. Failure to state a cause of action 4. Test of the sufficiency of a cause of action 5. Splitting a single cause of action and its effects

Priority-in-time Rule Investors Finance Corp., vs. Ebarce, 163 SCRA 60 Dasmarias Village Association Inc., vs. CA, 299 SCRA 598 NPC vs. CA, 279 SCRA 506 6. Joinder and misjoinder of causes of action C. Parties to civil actions Entities authorized by law Limjoco vs. Intestate Estate of Fragante, 8 Phil. 776 Nazareno vs. CA, 343 SCRA 637 Barlin vs. Ramirez, 7 Phil. 47 1. Real parties in interest Aguila vs. CA, 319 SCRA 246 Balagtas vs. CA, 317 SCRA 69 Rayo vs. Metrobank, 539 SCRA 571 Fortich vs. Corona, 289 SCRA 624 Figuracion vs. Libi, 539 SCRA 50 Samaniego vs. Aguila, 334 SCRA 438 Mayor Rhustom Dagadag vs. Tongnawa, 450 SCRA 437 Lee vs. Romillo, 161 SCRA 589 Sustiguer vs. Tamayo, 176 SCRA 579 Uy vs. CA, 314 SCRA 69 Westmont Bank vs. Shugo Noda & Co., Ltd., 307 SCRA 381 Periquet Jr., vs. IAC, 238 SCRA 697 Carillo vs. CA, 503 SCRA 66 Phil Trust Co., vs. CA, 320 SCRA 719 Stonehill vs. Diokno 20 SCRA383 Asset Privatization Trust Fund vs. CA, 300 SCRA 579 Aguila vs. CA, 319 SCRA 345 Figuracion vs. Libi, 539 SCRA 50 Rep vs. Aquino Sr., 451 SCRA735 Balagtas vs. CA, 317 SCRA 69 Vlason Enterprises vs. CA, 310 SCRA 26 Baltazar vs. Ombudsman, G.R. No. 136433, December 6, 2006 Kilosbayan Inc., vs. Morato 246 SCRA 540 Indispensable parties Servicewide Specialist, Inc., vs. CA, 318 SCRA 493 De Castro vs. CA, 384 SCRA 607 Lucman vs. Malawi, G.R. No. 159794, December 19, 2006 MWSS vs. CA, 297 SCRA 287 Plasabas vs. CA, G.R. No. 166519, March 31, 2009 Pamplona Plantation Co vs. Tinghil, 450 SCRA 421 Uy vs. CA, 494 SCRA 535 Necessary parties Borlasa vs. Polistico, 47 Phil. 345 Chua vs. Torres, 468 SCRA 358 Seno vs. Mangubat, 156 SCRA 113 Agro Conglomerates, Inc., vs. CA, 348 SCRA 450 Hemedez vs. CA, 316 SCRA 347 Republic vs. Sandiganbayan, 173 SCRA 72 Operators Inc., vs. American Biscuit Co., 154 SCRA 738

Santiago Land Development Corporation vs. CA, 267 SCRA 79 Galarosa vs. Valencia, 227 SCRA 726 Lozano vs. Ballesteros, 195 SCRA 681 Representatives as parties Indigent parties Alternative defendants Rizal Surety and Insurance Co., vs. Manila, 70 SCRA 187 2. Compulsory and permissive joinder of parties Sepulveda Sr., vs. Palaez, 450 SCRA 302 3. Misjoinder and non-joinder of parties Almendras vs. CA, 293 SCRA 540 Republic vs. Herbieto, 459 SCRA 183 Lim Tan Hu vs. Ramolete, 66 SCRA 425 4. Class suit Mathay vs. Consolidated Bank and Trust Co., 58 SCRA 559 Borlasa vs. Polistico, 47 Phil. 345 Berses vs. Villanueva, 25 Phil. 473 Sulo ng Bayan, Inc., vs. Araneta, 72 SCRA 347 Ibaes vs. Roman Catholic Church, 12 Phi. 227 Ortigas & Co., Ltd., Partnership vs. Ruiz, 148 SCRA 326 Mathay vs. Consolidated Bank and Trust Co., 58 SCRA 559 Newsweek Inc., vs. IAC, 142 SCRA 171 Oposa vs. Factoran, 224 SCRA 792 5. Suits against entities without juridical personality 6. Effect of death of party litigant D. Venue Manila Rail Road Co., vs. Attorney General, 20 Phil. 523 Heirs of Lopez vs. De Castro, 324 SCRA 591 Universal Corp., vs. Lim, G.R. No. 154338, October 5, 2007 Universal Robina Corp., vs. Lim 535 SCRA 95 Republic vs. Glasgow Credit, 542 SCRA 95 Dacuycoy vs. IAC, 195 SCRA 641 Consolidated Bank vs. IAC, 198 SCRA 34 Brgy. San Roque vs. Pastor, 334 SCRA 127 Torres vs. J.M. Tuason & Co., Inc., 12 SCRA 174 Dr. Antonio Lizares vs. Caluag, 14 SCRA 746 1. Venue versus jurisdiction Padre vs. Badillo, et., al., G.R. No. 165423, January 19, 2011 2. Venue of real actions Gumabon vs. Larin, G. R. No. 142523, November 27, 2001 Go vs. UCPB, 442 SCRA 264 Paderanga vs. Buissan, 226 SCRA 786 3. Venue of personal actions Golden Arches Development Corporation vs. St. Francis Square Holdings, Inc., G.R. No. 183843. January 19, 2011

Clavecilla Radio System vs. Antillon, 19 SCRA 379 4. Venue of actions against non-residents 5. When the rules on venue do not apply Lacquian vs. Baltazar, 31 SCRA 552 Diaz vs. Adiong, 219 SCRA 631 6. Effects of stipulations on venue Universal Robina Corp., vs. Lim, 535 SCRA 95 Polytrade Corp., vs. Blanco, 30 SCRA 187 Supena vs. De la Rosa, 267 SCRA 1 Sps. Lantin vs. Lantion, 499 SCRA 718 Unimasters Conglomerations vs. CA, 267 SCRA 759 PBC vs. Trazo, G.R. No. 165500, August 30, 2006 Langkaan Realty Devt vs. UCPB, G.R. No. 139427, December 8, 2000 Auction in Malinta Inc., vs. Luyaben, G.R.No. 173979, February 12, 2007 Pacific Consultants, International Asia, vs. Schonfeld, G.R. No. 166920, February 19, 2007 Hoechst, Inc., vs. Torres, 83 SCRA 297 Emergency Loan Pawnshop vs. CA, 353 SCRA 89 Nocum vs. Tan, 470 SCRA 639

E. Pleadings 1. Kinds of pleadings a. Complaint b. Answer i. Negative defenses ii. Negative pregnant iii. Affirmative defenses Republic vs. Sarabia, G.R. No. 157847, August 25, 2005 Aquintey vs. Tibong, G.R.No. 166704, December 20, 2006 Camitan vs. CA, G.R. No. 128099, December 20, 2006 Warner Barnes vs. Reyes, 103 Phil. 662 Acabal vs. Acabal, 454 SCRA 555 Pesane Animas Mongao vs. Pryce Properties Corp., G.R. No. 156474, August 16, 2005 c. Counterclaims Pro-Line Sports Center, Inc., vs. CA, 281 SCRA 162 Yulienco vs.CA, 308 SCRA 206 Raymundo vs. Felipe, 42 SCRA 615 Mercado vs. CA, G.R. No. 169576, October 17, 2008 i. Compulsory counterclaim Arenas vs. CA, G.R. No. 126640, November 23, 2000 Yulienco vs. CA, 308 SCRA 206 Financial Building Corp., vs. Forbes Park Association, G.R.No. 133119, August 17, 2000 Bayer Philippines vs. CA, 340 SCRA 437 Beltran vs. Balbuena, 53 Phil. 697 Meliton vs. CA, 216 SCRA 485 Maceda vs. CA, 176 SCRA 440 Agustin vs. Bacalan, 135 SCRA 340 Calo vs. Ajax International, Inc., 22 SCRA 996

Reyes vs. CA, 38 SCRA 138 Financial Building Corp., vs. Forbes Park Association, G.R. No. 133119, August 17, 2000 ii. Permissive counterclaim International Container Terminal Services vs. CA, G.R. No. 90530, October 17, 1992 Sandejas vs. Ignacio, G.R.No. 155033, December 19, 2007 Arenas vs. CAm G.R. No. 126640, November 23, 2000 Permissive counterclaim vs. Compulsory counterclaim Sto. Tomas University vs. Surla, G.R. No. 129718, August 17, 1998 Ponciano vs. Parentela, 331 SCRA 605 Gojo vs. Goyala, 35 SCRA 557 Sarmiento vs. San Juan, 120 SCRA 403 La Tondea Distillers vs. CA, 209 SCRA 553 Cabaero vs. Cantos, 271 SCRA 391 Metals Engineerng Resources Corp., vs. CA, 203 SCRA 273 Sandejas vs. Ignacio, supra Korea Technologies Co., Ltd., vs. Lerma, 542SCRA 1 iii. Effect of counterclaim when the complaint is dismissed BA Finance Corp., vs. Co et., al., G.R. No. 105751, June 30, 1993 Pinga vs. Heirs of Santiago, G.R.No. 170354, June 30, 2006 d. Cross-claims e. Third (fourth, etc.) party complaints China Banking Corporation vs. Padilla, G.R. No. 143490, February 2, 2007 Sps. Uy vs. Ariza, G.R. No. 158370, August 17, 2006 f. Complaint-in-intervention First Philippine Holdings Corp., vs. Sandiganbayan, 253 SCRA 30 Office of the Ombudsman vs. Samaniego, G.R. No. 175573, September 11, 2008 Santiago Land Development Corp., vs. CA, 267 SCRA 79 Mabayo Farms Inc., vs. Manila Banking Corp., G.R. No. 126731, July 11, 2002 Mago vs. CA, G.R. No. 115624, February 25, 1999 Mabayo Farms Inc., vs. CA, G.R. No. 140058, August 1, 2002 Acenas II vs. CA, 247 SCRA 773 Firestone Ceramics vs. CA, 313 SCRA 522 Robles vs. Timario, 6 SCRA 380 Roxas vs. Dinglasan, 28 SCRA 430 Heirs of Antonio Pael vs. CA, 325 SCRA 341 g. Reply 2. Pleadings allowed in small claim cases and cases covered by the Rules on Summary Procedure 3. Parts of a pleading a. Caption b. Signature and address c. Verification and Certification against forum shopping i. Requirement of a corporation executing the verification/certification against forum-shopping Loyola vs. CA, 245 SCRA 477 Gabionza vs. CA, 234 SCRA 192

Prince Transport Inc., vs. Diosdado Garcia, et., al., G.R. No. 167291, January 12, 2011 Sameer Oversees Placement Agency, Inc. v. Mildred R. Santos, G.R. No. 152579, August 4, 2009 Philippine Deposit Insurance Corp. (PDIC) Vs. Philippine Countryside Rural Bank, Inc., et al., G.R. No. 176438. January 24, 2011
ii. Notarial Practices Act of 2004

d. Effect of the signature of counsel in a pleading 4. Allegations in a pleading a. Manner of making allegations i. Condition precedent ii. Fraud, mistake, malice, intent, knowledge and other condition of the mind, judgments, official documents or acts b. Pleading an actionable document c. Specific denials i. Effect of failure to make specific denials ii. When a specific denial requires an oath 5. Effect of failure to plead a. Failure to plead defenses and objections b. Failure to plead a compulsory counterclaim and cross-claim 6. Default a. When a declaration of default is proper Monzon vs. Addio Properties, Inc., G.R. No. 171827, September 17, 2008 Cathay Pacific Airways vs. Romillo Jr., 141 SCRA 451 Sps. De Los Santos vs. Carpio, G.R. No. 153696, September 11, 2006 Sablas vs. Sablas, G.R> No. 144568, July 3, 2007 Monarch Insurance vs. CA, 333 SCRA 7 Vlason Enterprises Corp., vs. CA, 310 SCRA 26 b. Effect of an order of default c. Relief from an order of default Villareal vs. CA, 295 SCRA 511 Republic vs. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 148154, December 17, 2007 Republic vs. Sandiganbayan, 540 SCRA 431 Talsan Enterprises Inc., vs. Baliwag Transit, Inc., 431 SCRA 156 Lina vs. CA, 135 SCRA 637 Balangcad vs. Justice of the Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 83888, February 12, 1992 Ampeloquio vs. CA, 333 SCRA 465 Lorbes vs. CA, G.R. No. 139884, February 15, 2001 Samartino vs. Raon, G.R. No. 131482, July 3, 2002 Sablas vs. Sablas, G.R. No. 144568, July 3, 2007 d. Effect of a partial default e. Extent of relief Vlason vs. CA, 310 SCRA 26 f. Actions where default are not allowed 7. Filing and service of pleadings a. Payment of docket fees and acquisition of jurisdiction Mangaspi vs. Ramolete, 115 SCRA 193

Manchester vs. CA, 149 SCRA 562 Sun Insurance vs. Asuncion, 170 SCRA 274 Pilipinas Shell vs. CA, 171 SCRA 674 Original Development and Construction Corp vs. CA, 202 SCRA 753 PAGCOR vs. Lopez, 474 SCRA 76 Nestle Philippines, Inc., vs. FY Sons, Inc., 489 624 Proton Pilipinas Corp., vs. Banque National de Paris, 460 SCRA 260 Rivera vs. Del Rosario, 419 SCRA 626 Regalado vs. Go, G.R. No. 167988, February 6, 2007 M.A. Santander Construction Inc., vs. Villanueva, 441 SCRA 525 Villamor vs. CA, 434 SCRA 565 Different Rule on Appeal Macabungkil vs. Peoples Homesite and Housing Corp., 72 SCRA 326 Agricultural and Industrial Marketing vs. CA, 118 SCRA 49 Santos vs. CA, 125 SCRA 22 Garcia vs. Echiverri, 132 SCRA 631 Regalado vs. Go., G.R. No. 167988, February 6, 2007 M.A. Santader Construction Inc., Villanueva, 441 SCRA 525 Villamor vs. CA, 434 SCRA 565 b. Filing versus service of pleadings c. Period of filing of pleadings d. Manner of filing e. Modes of service i. Personal service ii. Service by mail iii. Substituted service Paluwagan ng Bayan Savings Bank vs. King, 172 SCRA 62 Venturanza vs. CA, 156 SCRA 305 Samartino vs. Raon, G.R. No. 131482, July 3, 2002 Keister vs. Navarro 77 SCRA 209 Arevalo vs. Quilatan, 116 SCRA 700 Ma. Imelda Manotoc vs. CA, 499 SCRA 21 iv. Service of judgment, final orders or resolutions v. Priorities in modes of service and filing vi. When service is deemed complete vii. Proof of filing and service Republic vs. Resin Incorp., G.R. No. 175891, January 12, 2011 8. Amendment a. Amendment as a matter of right Navarro vs. Vda. De Taroma, 478 SCRA 336 Bautista vs. Maya-Maya Cottages, Inc., 476 SCRA 416 Breslin vs. Luzon Stevedorin, 84 Phil. 618 Ong Peng vs. Custodio, 1 SCRA 780 Alpine Lending Investors vs. Corpus, 508 SCRA 45 Paeste vs. Jaurigue, 94 Phil. 179 Republic vs. Ilao, 4 SCRA 106 Remington Industrial Sales vs. CA, 382 SCRA 499 National Mines and Allied Workers Union, vs. G.R. No. 157232, December 10, 2007 b. Amendment by leave of court Calo and San Jose vs. Roldan, 76 Phil. 445 Buenaventura vs. Buenaventura, 94 Phil. 193

Siasoco vs. CA, 303 SCRA 186 Philippine Ports Authority vs. Gothong and Aboitiz,542 SCRA 406 c. Formal amendment d. Amendment to conform to or authorize presentation of evidence Sec. 5, Rule 10 Philippine Export and Foreign Loan Guarantee Corp., vs. Philippine Infrastructure Inc., 419 SCRA 6 Azola Farms vs. CA, 442 SCRA 133 e. Amendment, cause of action and jurisdiction Swagman Hotels and Travel Inc., vs. CA, 455 SCRA 175 Gumabay vs. Baralin, 77 SCRA 258 Soledad vs. Mamangun, 8 SCRA 110 Campos Rueda Corp., vs. Bautista, 6 SCRA 240 Rosario vs. Carandang, 96 Phil. 845 Gaspar vs. Dorado, 15 SCRA 331 Calabig vs. Villanueva, 135 SCRA 300 f. Effect of amended pleading Sec. 8, Rule 10 Verzosa vs. CA, 299 SCRA 100 Ching vs. CA, 331 SCRA 16 Bastida vs. Menzi & Co., Inc., 58 Phil. 188 Torres vs. CA, 131 SCRA 224 Ching vs. CA, 331 SCRA 16 Vlason Enterprises vs. CA, 310 SCRA 26 Arcenas vs. CA, 299 SCRA 733 g. Different from supplemental pleadings Sec. 6, Rule 10 Asset Privatization Trust Fund vs. CA, 324 SCRA 533 Young vs. Spouses Sy, 503 SCRA 151 Chan vs. Chan, G.R. No. 150746, October 15, 2008 F. Summons Cano-Gutierrez vs. Gutierrez, 341 SCRA 670 Guanzon vs. Arradaza, 510 SCRA 309 Umandap vs. Sabio Jr., 339 SCRA 243 Habaa vs. Vamenta, 33 SCRA 569 Gomez vs. CA, 420 SCRA 98 Biaco vs. PCRB, 515 SCRA 106 PCI Bank vs. Alejandro, 533 SCRA 738 Pagalaran vs. Bal-latan, 13 Phil. 135 1. Nature and purpose of summons in relation to actions in personam, in rem, and quasi in rem Pantaleon vs. Asuncion, 105 Phil. 761 Citizens Surety vs. Melencio-Herrera, 38 SCRA 369 Magdalena Estate, Inc., vs. Nieto, 125 SCRA 758 Ma. Imelda Manotoc vs. CA, 499 SCRA 21 Banco de Brasil vs. CA, 333 SCRA 545 2. Voluntary appearance 3. Personal service Where defendant is a juridical person

E.B. Villarosa vs. Hon. Benito, 312 SCRA 65 Summit Trading vs. Avendao, 135 SCRA 397 Mason vs. CA, 413 SCRA 303 Paramount Insurance Corp vs. A.C. Ordoez Corp., G.R. No. 175109, August 6, 2008 Substantial Compliance Rule G & G Trading Corp., vs. CA, 158 SCRA 466 Porac Trucking Inc., vs. CA, 183 SCRA 45 Millennium Industrial Commercial Corp., vs. Tan, G.R. No. 131724, February 28, 2000 Talsan Enterprises Inc., vs. Baliwag Transit, G.R. No. 126258, July 8, 1999 Isolated Transaction Rule Foreign Corporations CIR vs. K.M.K. Gani, 182 SCRA 591 4. Substituted service Paluwagan ng Bayan Savings Bank vs. King, 172 SCRA 62 Venturanza vs. CA, 156 SCRA 305 Samartino vs. Raon, G.R. No. 131482, July 3, 2002 Keister vs. Navarro 77 SCRA 209 Arevalo vs. Quilatan, 116 SCRA 700 Ma. Imelda Manotoc vs. CA, 499 SCRA 21 Guanzon vs, Arradaza, 510 SCRA 309 Montalban vs. Maximo, 22 SCRA 1070 Robinson vs. Miralles, 510 SCRA 678 Jose vs. Boyon, 414 SCRA 216 Domagas vs. Jensen, 448 SCRA 663 Paluwagan ng Bayan Savings Bank vs. King 172 SCRA 62 Laus vs. CA, 219 SCRA 688 5. Alias Summons Millennium Industrial Commercial Corporation vs. Tan, G.R. No. 131724, June 21, 2001 Paluwagan ng Bayan Savings Bank vs. King 172 SCRA 62, supra Santos vs. NLRC, 254 SCRA 673 6. Constructive service (by publication) a. Service upon a defendant where his identity is unknown or where his whereabouts are unknown Santos vs. PNOC Exploration Corp., G.R. No. 170943, September 23, 2008 Pantaleon v.s Asuncion, 105 Phil. 761 Citizens Surety vs. Melencio-Herrera, 38 SCRA 369 Magdalena Estate, Inc., vs. Nieto, 125 SCRA 758 Fontanilla vs. Dominguez, 73 Phil. 579 b. Service upon residents temporarily outside the Philippines Sahagun vs. CA, 198 SCRA 44 Mengha vs. Tarachand, 67 Phil. 286 Montalban vs. Maximo, 22 SCRA 1070 7. Extra-territorial service, when allowed Banco de Brasil vs. CA, 333 SCRA 545 Cynthia Alaban vs. CA, 470 SCRA 697 Jose vs. Boyon, 414 SCRA 216 Kawasaki Port Service Corp., vs. Amores, 199 SCRA 230 Banco Espaol vs. Palanca, 37 Phil. 921 Perkins vs. Dizon, 69 Phil. 186

Asiavest Limited vs. CA, 296 SCRA 539 Valmonte vs. CA, 252 SCRA 92 Gemperle vs. Schenker, 125 Phil. 458 Velayo Fong vs. Sps. Velayo, 510 SCRA 320 8. Summons when complaint is amended Paradise Sauna Massage Corp., vs. Ng, 181 SCRA 719 Atkins vs. Domingo, 44 Phil. 680 Ong Peng vs. Custodio, 1 SCRA 780 Gumabay vs. Baralin, 77 SCRA 258 Vlason Enterprises vs. CA, 310 SCRA 49 9. Proof of service G. Motions 1. Motions in general a. Definition of a motion b. Motion versus pleading c. Contents and forms of motions Jehan Shipping Corporation vs. NFA, 477 SCRA 781 Philville vs. Javier, 477 SCRA 533 d. Notice of hearing and hearing of motions e. Omnibus motion rule Misamis Occidental II Cooperative Inc., vs. David, 468 SCRA 63 f. Litigated and ex parte motions g. Pro-forma motions 2. Motions for bill of particulars a. Purpose and when applied for Republic vs. Sandiganbayan, 540 SCRA 431 Lirag, et., al., vs. Hon. Galano, G.R. No. L-46244 August 18, 1988 Tantuico, Jr. v. Republic, 204 SCRA 428 Salita vs. Hon. Magtolis, G.R. No. 106429 June 13, 1994 b. Actions of the court c. Compliance with the order and effect of non-compliance d. Effect of the period to file a responsive pleading 3. Motion to dismiss A.M. No. 03-1-09 SC, July 13, 2004 a. Grounds Peltan Development Inc., vs. CA, 270 SCRA 82 De Dios vs. Bristol Laboratories, 55 SCRA 349 Dalandan vs. Julio, 10 SCRA 4000 Vette Industrial Sales Co., vs. Cheng, 509 SCRA 532 Laches Pineda vs. Heirs of Guevara, G.R. No. 143188, February 14, 2007 Res Judicata Fels, Inc., vs. Province of Batangas, G.R. No. 168557, February 19, 2007 Heirs of Wenceslao Tabia vs. CA, G.R. Nos. 129377 and 129399, February 22, 2007 Moraga vs. Sps. Somo, 501 SCRA 118 Trinidad vs. Office of the Ombudsman, G.R. No. 166038, December 4, 2007

b. Resolution of motion c. Remedies of plaintiff when the complaint is dismissed d. Remedies of defendant when the motion is denied Douglas Lu Ym vs. Nabua, 451 SCRA 298 e. Effect of dismissal of complaint on certain grounds f. When grounds pleaded as affirmative defenses Sps. Rasdas vs. Villa, 477 SCRA 538 g. Bar by dismissal h. Distinguished from demurrer to evidence under Rule 33 H. Dismissal of actions 1. Dismissal upon notice by plaintiff; two-dismissal rule 2. Dismissal upon motion by plaintiff; effect on existing counterclaim 3. Dismissal due to the fault of plaintiff 4. Dismissal of counterclaim, cross-claim or third-party complaint I. Pre-trial 1. Concept of pre-trial 2. Nature and purpose of pre-trial 3. Notice of pre-trial 4. Appearance of parties; effect of failure to appear 5. Pre-trial brief; effect of failure to appear Durban Apartment Corp., vs. Pioneer Insurance Corp., G.R. No. 179419, January 12, 2011 6. Distinction between pre-trial in civil case and pre-trial in criminal case 7. A.M. No. 03-1-09-SC, Proposed rule on guidelines to be observed by trial court judges and clerks of court in the conduct of pre-trial and use of deposition-discovery measures 8. Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Judicial Dispute Resolution (JDR) links: http://www.pmc.org.ph/faq-the-case-for-mediation.htm links: http://www.congress.gov.ph/download/researches/rrb_0302_1.pdf links: http://pmc.judiciary.gov.ph/downloads/JURIS_Primer.pdf a. Court Annexed Mediation (CAM) A. M. No. 02-2-17SC, April 16, 2002 A.M. No. 01-10-5-SC-PHILJA, October 16, 2001 b. Judicial Dispute Resolution (JDR) A.M. No. 04-1-12-SC-PhilJA, August 29, 2006 Linda Kent vs. Dionesio Micarez, et., al., G.R. No. 185758, March 9, 2011 J. Intervention First Philippine Holdings Corp., vs. Sandiganbayan, 253 SCRA 30 Office of the Ombudsman vs. Samaniego, G.R. No. 175573, September 11, 2008 Santiago Land Development Corp., vs. CA, 267 SCRA 79 Mabayo Farms Inc., vs. Manila Banking Corp., G.R. No. 126731, July 11, 2002 Mago vs. CA, G.R. No. 115624, February 25, 1999 Mabayo Farms Inc., vs. CA, G.R. No. 140058, August 1, 2002 Acenas II vs. CA, 247 SCRA 773 Firestone Ceramics vs. CA, 313 SCRA 522 Robles vs. Timario, 6 SCRA 380 Roxas vs. Dinglasan, 28 SCRA 430 Heirs of Antonio Pael vs. CA, 325 SCRA 341 1. Requisites for intervention 2. Time to intervene 3. Remedy for the denial of motion to intervene

K. Subpoena 1. Subpoena duces tecum 2. Subpoena ad testificandum 3. Service of subpoena 4. Compelling attendance of witnesses; contempt 5. Quashing of sobpoena L. Computation of Time Golden Arches Development Corporation vs. St. Francis Square Holdings, Inc., G.R. No. 183843. January 19, 2011