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# 451

## 6.4 EXERCCIOS pg. 250

Calcular as integrais seguintes usando o mtodo da substituio.

1.

+ + dx x x x ) 1 2 ( ) 3 2 2 (
10 2

.
11
) 3 2 2 (
2
1
) 1 2 ( ) 3 2 2 (
:
) 1 2 ( 2 ) 2 4 (
3 2 2
:
11 2
10 2
2
c
x x
dx x x x
Temos
dx x dx x du
x x u
se Fazendo
+
+
= + +
+ = + =
+ =

2.

dx x x
2 7 / 1 3
) 2 (
( )
( ) . 2
24
7
7
8
2
3
1
) 2 (
:
3
2
:
7
8
7
8
3
3
2 7 / 1 3
2
3
c x c
x
dx x x
Temos
dx x du
x u
se Fazendo
+ = +

=
=
=

3.

5 2
1 x
dx x

( )
c x c
x
x
dx x
Temos
dx x du
x u
se Fazendo
dx x x
+ = +

=
=

5
4
5
1
) 1 (
8
5
5
4
1
2
1
1
:
2
1
:
) 1 (
2
5 / 4
2
5 2
2
2

4.

dx x x
2
3 4 5
452
( )
( )
( ) . 3 4
9
5
2
3
3 4
6
1
. 5 3 4 5
:
6
3 4
:
3 4 5 ) 3 4 ( 5
2
3
2
3
2
1
2
1
2
2
2
2
2 2
c x c
x
dx x x
Temos
dx x du
x u
se Fazendo
dx x x dx x x
+

= +

=
=
=

= =

5.

+ dx x x
4 2
2
( )
( )
( ) c x
c
x
dx x x
+ + =
+
+
=
+ =

2
3
2
3
2
1
2
2
2
2 1
6
1
2
3
2 1
4
1
2 1
Fazendo:
dx x du
x u
4
2 1
2
=
+ =

6.

+ dt e e
t t 2 2
3
1
) 2 (
( )
( ) . 2
8
3
3
4
2
2
1
) 2 (
:
2
2
:
3
4
3
1
2
3
4
2
2 2
2
2
c e c
e
dt e e
Temos
dt e du
e u
se Fazendo
t
t
t t
t
t
+ + = +
+
= +
=
+ =

7.

+ 4
t
t
e
dt e

. e 4 que sendo , 4 ln dt e du e u c e
u
du
t t t
= + = + + = =

8.

+
dx
x
e
x
2
/ 1
2

453
.
1
.
: se - do Consideran
.
2
1
. 2 2
1
2
1
2
2
1
1
1 1 1
x
e du
e u
c
x
e c
x
e dx x dx
x
e
x
x
x x x

=
=
+ = +

+ = + =

9.

dx x x tg
2
sec
c
x tg
+ =
2
2
. considerando-se:
dx x du
x tg u
2
sec =
=

10.

dx x x sen cos
4

c
x sen
+ =
5
5
considerando-se:
dx x du
x sen u
cos =
=

11.

dx
x
x sen
5
cos

c x
c
x
x
dx x sen x
+ =
+ =

=
=

4
4
4
5
sec
4
1
cos 4
1
4
cos
. cos
utilizando:
senxdx du
x u
=
= cos

12.

dx
x
x x sen
cos
cos 5 2

c x x
dx
x
x sen
+ =
=

5 | cos | ln 2
5
cos
2
utilizando:
senxdx du
x u
=
= cos

13.

dx e e
x x
2 cos
. 2
2
: se - do Consideran
. 2
2
1
dx e du
e u
c e sen
x
x
x
=
=
+ =

454
14.

dx x
x
2
cos
2

. 2
: se - do Consideran
4
1
2
1
2
1
2
2 2
dx x du
x u
c x sen c x sen
=
=
+ = + =

15.

d sen ) 5 (
( )
. 5
5
: se - do Consideran
. 5 cos
5
1

d du
u
c
=
=
+ =

16. dy
y
y sen arc

2
1 2

( )
( )
.
1
1
: se - do Consideran
.
4
1
2 2
1
2
2
2
dy
y
du
y sen arc u
c y sen arc c
y sen arc

=
=
+ = + =

17.

d
tg b a
2
sec 2

C tg b a
b
+ + = | | ln
1
. 2
Considerando-se:

d b du
tg b a u
2
sec . =
+ =

18.

+
2
16 x
dx

455
c
x
tg arc c
x
tg arc
x
dx
+ = + =
|

\
|
+
=

4 4
1
4
4
16
1
4
1
16
1
2
, utilizando:
dx du
x
u
4
1
4
=
=

19.

+ 4 4
2
y y
dy

c
y
c
y
dy y
y
dy
+

= +

= =

2
1
1
) 2 (
) 2 (
) 2 (
1
2
2
, utilizando:
dy du
y u
=
= 2

20.

d sen cos
3

( ) .
4
3
3
4
) (
cos
3
4
3 / 4
3 / 1
c sen c
sen
d sen + = + = =

21.

dx
x
x
2
ln

( )
( ) ( )
.
2 2
ln
: se - do Consideran
. ln ln 4
4
1
) (ln
4
1
2
ln
2
1
2
2
2 2 2 2
2
2
dx
x x
x
du
x u
c x c x c x c
x
= =
=
+ = + = + = +

22. dx e e
ax ax 2
) (

+

( )
( ) . 2
2
2
2
1
2
1
2
2
1
2
2 2
2 2
2
2 2
c x
a
ax h sen
c x e e
a
c e
a
x e
a
dx e e
ax ax
ax ax ax ax
+ + = + + =
+ + = + + =

23.

+ dt t t
2 4
3
456
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) . 1 3 .
9
1
1 3 .
2
3
.
6
1
2
3
1 3
6
1
1 3 1 3
2
3
2
3
2
3
2
1
2 2
2
2 2 2
c t c t
c
t
dt t t dt t t
+ + = + + =
+
+
= + = + =

Considerando-se:
dt t du
t u
6
1 3
2
=
+ =
.
24.

+ + 34 20 4
4
2
x x
dx

.
3
2
5
2
3
2
2
3
2
5
2
3
1
2
3
2
5
2 2
c
x
tg arc c
x
tg arc
x
dx
+
|

\
|
+
= +
|

\
|
+
=
|

\
|
+
|

\
|
+
=

25.

+ 1 4
3
2
x x
dx

( ) ( ) ( )

=

=
3
2
1
3
1
3
3
2
3
3
3
3
3 2
3
2 2 2
x
dx
x
dx
x
dx

.
2 3
2 3
ln
2
3
3
2
1
3
2
1
ln
2
1
3 c
x
x
c
x
x
+
+
+
= +

+
=
Considerando-se:
( )
dx du
x
u
x
u
3
1
3
2
3
2
2
2
=

=

Resposta alternativa:
457
. 1
3
2
3
2
cot
1
3
2
3
2
>

<

x
se
x
h g arc
x
se
x
h tg arc

26.

+16
2x
x
e
dx e

c
e
tg arc
x
+ =
4 4
1

Considerando-se:
dx e du
e u
e u
x
x
x
2
2 2
=
=
=

27.

+
dx
x
x
1
3

.
3 2
3 2
ln 2 3 2
2
2
ln 2 2
2
1
2
1
ln
2
1
2 . 2 2
2
1
2 2
4 4
4
4
8 2
4
4 2
4
4
1 2
4
2
2 .
1 3
2 2
2 2 2
2
2
c
x
x
x c
u
u
u
c
u
u
u
u
du
u
u
du
u
u
du
u du
u
du
u
u
du u
u
u
+
+
+ +
+ = +

+
=
+

+
=
|

\
|

+ =
(

+ =
|

\
|

+ =

=

=

Considerando-se:
du u dx
u x
x u
2
3
3
2
2
=
=
+ =

28.

x x
dx
3 ln
3
2

458
( )
( )
.
3 ln
3
1
3 ln
3
3
3 ln
2
c
x
c
x
x
dx
x +

= +

= =

Considerando-se:
dx
x
du
x u
3
3
3 ln
=
=

29.

+ dx x sen ) 2 cos 4 (
( ) . 2 cos 4 cos
4
1
2 cos 4 c x x dx dx x sen + + = + =

30.

+
dx x
x 1
2
2
.
2 ln
2
2 ln
2
2
1
2 2
1
c c
x x
+ = + =
+

Considerando-se:
dx x du
x u
2
1
2
=
+ =

31.

dx e x
x
2
3

c e
x
+ =
2
3
6
1

Considerando-se:
dx x du
x u
6
3
2
=
=

32.

+
2
) 2 ( t
dt

( )

+ =
2
2 t c
t
c
t
+
+

= +

+
=

2
1
1
) 2 (
1
.
Considerando-se:
dt du
t u
=
+ = 2

459
33.

t t
dt
ln

. ln ln c t + =
Considerando-se:
t
dt
du
t u
=
= ln

34.

dx x x
2
2 1 8
( )
( ) . 2 1
3
4
2
3
2 1
4
1
8
2
3
2
3
2
2
c x c
x
+

= +

=
Considerando-se:
dx x du
x u
4
2 1
2
=
=

35.

+ dx e e
x x 2 5 2
) 2 (
( )
( ) . 2
12
1
6
2
2
1 6
2
6
2
c e c
e
x
x
+ + = +
+
=
Considerando-se:
dx e du
e u
x
x
2
2
2
2
=
+ =

36.

+ 5 4
4
2
t
dt t

( ) dt t t 4 5 4
2
1
2

=

( )
. 5 4
2
1
5 4
2
1
2
2 2
1
c t c
t
+ + = +
+
=
Considerando-se:
dt t du
t u
8
5 4
2
=
+ =

460
37.

dx
x sen
x
3
cos

c x sen + = | 3 | ln
Considerando-se:
dx x du
x sen u
cos
3
=
=

38.

+
5
) 1 ( v v
dv

( )
( )
c
v
c
v
+
+
=
+

+
=

4
4
1 2
1
4
1
2

Considerando-se:
dv
v
du
v u
2
1
1
=
+ =

39.

+ dx x x 1
2

Considerando-se:
du u dx u x
u x
2 1
1
2
2
= =
= +

( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( ) . 1 1
3
2
1 1
5
4
1 1
7
2
1
3
2
1
5
4
1
7
2
3
2
5
4
7
2 2 4 2
2 1 2 2 1 1
2 3
3 5 7
3 5 7
2 4 6
2 2 4
2
2 2
c x x x x x x
c x x x
c
u u u
du u u u
du u u u du u u u dx x x
+ + + + + + + + =
+ + + + + =
+ + = + =
+ = = +

40.

dx e x
x
5
4

461
c e
x
+

=

5
5
1

Considerando-se:
4
5
5x du
x u
=
=

41.

dt t t
2
cos
c t sen + =
2
2
1
, utilizando:
tdt du
t u
2
2
=
=

42.

+ dx x x 5 6 8
3 2

( )
( ) ( ) . 5 6
27
8
5 6
3
2
9
4
2
3
5 6
18
1
8
2
3
2
3
2
3
3 3
3
c x c x c
x
+ + = + + = +
+
=
Considerando-se:
dx x du
x u
2
3
18
5 6
=
+ =

43.

d sen 2 cos 2
2 / 1

( )
( ) c sen c
sen
+ = + =
2 / 3
2
3
1
2
3
2
2
1
2
3

.
Considerando-se:

d du
sen u
2 cos 2
2
=
=

44.

+ dx x ) 3 5 ( sec
2

c x tg + + = ) 3 5 (
5
1
.
Considerando-se:
462
dx du
x u
5
3 5
=
+ =

45.

3
) cos 5 (
d sen

( )
c +

2
cos 5
2

.
Considerando-se:

d sen du
u
=
= cos 5

46.

du u g cot
c u sen du
u sen
u
+ = =

| | ln

cos

Considerando-se:
du u du
u sen u
cos =
=

47.

> +

0 , ) 1 (
2 / 3
a dt e e
at at

( )
( ) . 1
5
2
2
5
1 1
2
5
2
5
c e
a
c
e
a
at
at
+ + = +
+
=

Considerando-se:
( )dt a e du
e u
at
at
=
+ =

1

48.

dx
x
x cos

c x sen + = 2 .
Considerando-se:
dx
x
du
x u
2
1
=
=

463
49.

dt t t 4
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) c t t t t
c t t
c
u u
du u u du u u u
+ + =
+ + =
+ + = + = + =

4 4
3
8
4 4
5
2
4
3
8
4
5
2
3
8
5
2 8 2 2 . 4
2
3 5
3 5
2 4 2

Considerando-se:
du u dt u t
u t
2 4
4
2
2
= + =
=

50.

+ dx x x sen x ) 4 2 (
3 2

c x x c
x
x
x dx x dx x sen x + +

= + +

= + =

4 3
4
3 3 3 2
2 cos
6
1
4 2 cos
6
1
4 2 ,
sendo que na primeira integral usamos:
dx x du
x u
2
3
6
2
=
=