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BIOMASS SUPPORTED SOLAR THERMAL HYBRID POWER PLANT

INDEX
Introduction

Working principle of STPP

Proposed biomass supported STPP

Advantages

INTRODUCTION
Use of non-renewable energy cause environmental

pollution and also they gets depleted

Pollution free, freely available renewable sources are

best alternative

Solar power plants are widely used but its main

problem is variability

INTRODUCTION contd..
To overcome the disadvantages of both power plants

they are combined

By shared use of some of the equipments effective cost

is less than simple addition

Effective operating hours and therefore overall energy

generation is higher

WORKING PRINCIPLE OF Need of solar thermal power SOLAR THERMAL POWER plant is increasing due to PLANT increased fuel cost and

environmental pollution

METHODOLOGIES USED

Parabolic Trough Collector System Parabolic Dish Focus System

Diagram of parabolic trough

WORKING . .
Most cost effective and reliable among the three

It is constructed as a long parabolic trough-

shaped mirror, generally made of polished metal

Heat transfer fluid (usually oil) runs through the tube

to absorb the concentrated sunlight.

Diagram of parabolic dish STPP


Tracks the sun by rotating about two axes and rays are brought to a point focus

Receiver is placed at the focus

Working fluid in the receiver gets heated

Using this heat steam is produced

Steam drives a prime mover to generate electricity

Central Receiver System

WORKING . .
Solar radiation reflected from arrays of large mirrors

which are called heliostats is concentrated on a receiver situated at the top of a supporting tower

A molten salt is used as working fluid and medium of

thermal storage

Characteristics of STPP

Collects thermal energy from sunrise

When obtained energy is insufficient stored energy is used

Hence constant electrical output is obtained

Stored energy will be depleted sooner and thereafter no energy production

PROPOSED BIOMASS SUPPORTED STPP FOR STABLE AND CONTINUOUS OPERATION


Large amount of budget will be required for building

of large storage system

Biomass supported plant can contribute to generate

electrical energy continuously

An auxiliary boiler is used to heat water whose fuel is

provided from the biomass plant

Solar thermal power plant with an auxiliary boiler

In addition an auxiliary boiler is placed

Fuel to boiler is provided from the biomass plant

Steam from the boiler is given to the turbine in case of insufficient solar radiation

Characteristics of STHPP with auxiliary boiler

Storage energy of STHPP remain almost constant throughout the day

So the electrical energy produced is stable and continuous

CONTRIBUTION OF THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM


Thermal energy is relatively easier and less costly to

store compared to electrical energy

Sensible heat storage is most commonly used heat

storage

Thermal storage system of STHPP consists of two

CONTD . .
One contains working fluid leaving the solar reflector

and other contains cooled working fluids leaving the steam generator

Tanks must be of same size, in case of unavoidable

disturbances entire contents should be stored in one tank

Thermal energy is passed to storage if the temperature

of heat source is higher than heat loads and vice versa

BIOMASS FOR STPP


Obtained from biological materials such as plants,

trees, waste, sewage gas etc

The effectiveness of power generation requires

availability of biological materials and their transportation

Combustion gases from the auxiliary boiler are

conveyed to flue gas cleaning system and cleaned

ADVANTAGE OF BIOMASS Redundant energy is stored during sunny days SUPPORTED STHPP
When the parameters of steam cannot reach rated

value during insufficient solar radiation, then biomass plant starts to operate

Thus mixed steam reaches to rated value at exit of

receiver

FURTHER RESEARCH FOR STHPP SYSTEM


storage system

To minimize the cost of large solar thermal energy

The operation of auxiliary boiler fed from biomass fuel

should be more optimized and automatic for stable and reliable operation

CONCLUSION
Ensure to use 100% renewable sources

Stable and continuous mode of operation

The storage system of STHPP contributes to save

biomass fuel that will increase the overall efficiency of the plant

The worlds first plant combining biomass and solar thermal energy in Catalonia

It can generate 25 MW of power enough to supply 75000 houses

It consist of almost 2,688 solar panels

Using this renewable energy plant will prevent 24,500 tones of CO2 from being released into the atmosphere.

REFERENCE
D. Mills, "Advances in solar thermal electricity

technology

Z. Y. Ming and W. Jun, "Trough system and tower

system

G. Celli, et al., "Optimal location of biogas and biomass

generation plants"

WORKING . .
Used to drive Stirling engine to generate electricity

A Stirling engine is a heat engine operating by cyclic

compression and expansion of the working fluid, at different temperature levels such that there is net conversion of heat energy to mechanical work( Stirling engine)

Alpha type Stirling engine

Alpha type Stirling engine. There are two cylinders. The expansion cylinder (red) is maintained at a high temperature while the compression cylinder (blue) is cooled. The passage between the two cylinders contains the regenerator

ABSTRACT
Non-renewable resources are in a edge of depletion

Energy efficient renewable sources are needed for our

future

Biomass supported STHPP is a solution

ESTIMATED COST OF PROPOSED BIOMASS SUPPORTED SOLAR THERMAL HYBRID POWER PLANT
Estimated cost/KW (in USD) Sources

Estimated combined cost/KW (in USD )

Solar thermal plant

3,149 5,018

Biomass plant

1,869