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1.

[5+7+6=18 Marks] Evaluate the following integrals:


Z 2
x
(a)
dx;
1
+
x4
1
Solution: Taking u = x2 , one gets du = 2x dx and
Z 2
Z 4
4
x
1
du
1
1
dx
=
=
tan
u

2
4
2
2
1
1 1+x
1 1+u
= 12 (tan1 4 tan1 1)
0.2702098

(b)

cos
d;
sin + 4 sin 5
Solution: Let u = sin . Then du = cos d and
Z
Z
cos
du
d
=
u2 + 4u 5
sin2 + 4 sin 5

Z
1
1
1

du
=6
u1 u+5
2

(use partial fraction)

u 1
1
+C

= 6 ln

u + 5

sin

1
= 61 ln
+C
sin + 5

(c)

dx (x > 2).
2
x 2x
Solution: Setting x 1 = sec , we get dx = sec tan d.
Therefore
Z
Z
Z
1
1
sec tan

p
dx =
d
dx =
tan
x2 2x
(x 1)2 1
Z
=
sec d = ln | sec + tan | + C
p
= ln(x 1 + x2 2x) + C.

2. (a) [3 Marks] Sketch the region R enclosed by the following curves

y = 1 + x. x + y = 1, and x = 1
Solution:
y
......
......................
....................
..................
...............
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
....
............
...........
..........
.........
........
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.......
.....
....
....
...
.
...
...
..

x
+
1
=

1 H
R
HH
xH+H
yH
=H
1 HH

x=1

2 6

HH
H - x

(b) [5 Marks] Find the volume of the solid obtained by revolving


the region R in part (a) about the x-axis.
Solution:
Z 1

V =
[(1 + x)2 (1 x)2 ] dx
Z0 1

5
=
[2 x + 3x x2 ] dx =
2
0

3. [8
Marks] Calculate the surface area generated by revolving y =
4 x2 , for 0 x 2.
Solution:
y
6

y = 4 x2
(0 x 2)

........................
...........
........
......
.....
....
....
....
...
...
...
...
...
..
..

- x

x
x2
Clearly y 0 =
. Then y 02 =
and
4 x2
4 x2
Z
S = 2

y
0

Z
p
1 + y 02 dx = 2
0

2 dx = 8.

4. [8 Marks] The region bounded by y = ln x, y = 2 and x = 1 is


rotated about the y-axis. Compute the volume of the solid obtained
by this rotation.
Solution:

......
.........................
................
............
...........
.........
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
...
.......
.......
......
......
....
.
.
..
....
....
....
...
.
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..
...
...
...
..
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...
...
...
....
..
..

y=

ln x

e2

- x

First solution (using cylindrical shells):


Z

e2

V = 2
1

h
1
1 ie2
x(2 ln x) dx = 2 x2 x2 ln x + x2
2
4
1
4
(e 5)
=
2

Second solution (using washers):


Z
V =
0

2h

i
h1
i2
(ey )2 12 dy = e2y y = (e4 5)
2
2
0

5. [8 Marks] Compute exactly the arc length of y = 38 x4/3 43 x2/3 , 1


x 8.
Solution:
First, y 0 = 21 (x1/3 x1/3 ). Then
1 + y 02 = 14 (4 + x2/3 + x2/3 2) = [ 12 (x1/3 + x1/3 )]2 .
Thus, the arc length
1
s=
2

Z
1

(x1/3 + x1/3 ) dx =

63
.
8