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Muscle & Bone Atrophy

Preston Householder and Carlos ochoa

Some of the perils are obvious: hard vacuum, extreme cold, and unpredictable blasts of radiation from the Sun. Other perils are less conspicuous.

What is Muscle Atrophy?


The medical condition that is characterized by the gradual loss of muscle mass. Muscle mass leads to muscle weakness and a smaller physical appearance. One of the leading causes of muscle atrophy is disuse. Another cause for atrophy is cachexia, or body wasting syndrome.

Muscle Atrophy Symptoms


Conditions like osteoarthritis, strokes, Lou Gehrig's disease, and diabetic neuropathy Diseases like polio, arthritis, diabetes, muscular dystrophy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, and Lou Gehrig's disease

Muscle Atrophy Treatment


Electrical stimulation may be used as a form of muscular atrophy treatment in an effort to help restore lost muscle strength. This type of pain isnt caused by inflammation, however, so it needs to be treated differently.

Muscle Atrophy in Space


Living and working in space is mentally strenuous. Without regular use and exercise our muscles weaken and deteriorate. The loss of muscle mass means a loss of strength that can be potentially dangerous. Even though muscle mass and strength can be regained once astronauts have returned to Earth.

Loss of Bone Mass in Space


Weakening of the bones Spacefarers typically experience bone loss 1 to 2 percent of bone mass each month Weaken of the bone present problems when the person returns to a weight-bearing environment

Loss of Bone Mass on Earth


At least 10 million people suffer from bone loss in the U.S. Less the >1% a month

Prevention if Any
Osteocytes, could hormones like this one be given to space travelers as a supplement to prevent bone degradation? Osteocytes Sclerosis clinical candidate antibody

Bibliography
Space Bones - NASA Science. (n.d.).NASA Science. Retrieved March 25, 2013, from http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2001/ast01oct_1/ University of North Carolina School of Medicine (2011, July 6). Bone loss prevention experiment on the last space shuttle flight. ScienceDaily. What is Muscle Atrophy?. (n.d.).wiseGEEK: clear answers for common questions. Retrieved March 25, 2013, from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-muscleatrophy.htm Preventing Muscle Atrophy in Space - YouTube. (n.d.). YouTube. Retrieved March 25, 2013, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m4XXP73kuAU

What is Muscle Atrophy?. (n.d.). wiseGEEK: clear answers for common questions. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-muscleatrophy.htm Muscle Atrophy Symptoms. (n.d.). wiseGEEK: clear answers for common questions. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://topics.wisegeek.com/topics.htm?muscle-atrophy-symptoms# Muscle Atrophy Treatment. (n.d.). wiseGEEK: clear answers for common questions. Retrieved February 25, 2013, from http://topics.wisegeek.com/topics.htm?muscle-atrophy-treatment# Muscle Atrophy. (n.d.). NASA Information. Retrieved February 19, 2013, from www.nasa.gov/pdf/64249main_ffs_factsheets_hbp_atrophy.pd Station Minute (2009, June 24). Preventing Muscle Atrophy in Space. Retrieved March 5, 2013, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m4XXP73kuAU

Bibliography