Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 36

1

Architect Mohammed S. Makkia


Biography, Thought and achievement

Author
Ali Thwany
PhD architect

"
"
)(

:
.1
.2
.3
.4

.5
.6
.7
.8

.9
.11 :
.11 : \ - \
.12

.13
.14
.15
.16

:
.17
.18
.19
.21

.
5

. "
" " "

. 43 .

.

( )

27


18 .

1831.

""

"" .
.

. " " " "



.

( ) 1914
.


. ()

.

.


"""

. " " "

. ()
.

. (
)

""
( )

() (- )
7

( ) . "
.
.

""
( ) ( )


" "

. " "

.

.

""


.
2113
1251 "
.



.



( )

( )
.
( ) " "

""

" ( )

"

9

.
.

( )1965-1887 "

.
.
.
\ \

2112

11

( )
: .

()


.1
.2
.3
.4

11

.1

9191
( ) .


( )

.9191

9111-9191

. .
9111 ( civic

)design .

9111

.9111

12

9111 9111

"
9111

9111

" 9119
9111
9119

() 9111
( )
9111 9111

9111 .9111

( )
.9119


( )

- "

"" "

""

13


()

. () ()
( )
() () () ()() ..
( ). ( )
(.)1



" ( )

).
.

( 91-91 \) ()

() ()

( 199 199).
(

) (.)2

. "


. " "
1 - .31
2 1988 ( )
( )" " ()
( ) . ()
( ) ( ).

14

" "

" "

" " -

. " " ()
. .

9191

"

. ( )

9191

15

( - ) .

.


15

.. .

( 9111 )9191

.9191 ()9119-9111

( )

"

"" ( )

" .

( )1559-9119 .
16



" "
.



.
9111
.

.
.

. ) . (
) 9119
17

applying (

)
) (

( )9191 ( )9119-9199
.

18

.1

"

.9119

.


. 9119

19

9191 9119
.


() "
( .)Arabisance


.
()

... )


)(.)3

.
.

( ) .

)9111-9119( Francis Bacon

: - 17 1422 12157 37

21

"


. (
).

skeptic

( 115 151 - 9511 / 9999 -)

( )9115-9111

enlightenment
" .

( )

1559

( )

()


)9115-9111(Maison H.S

(9191-9191)
.


.
9115 .
9111 9199 .9199
.9111-9111( .Wilson G.M .)

( )
21

(9191-9191) .

9111



( )
.

1955

(9195-9111)
.

9119
( )9111-9111 -.
( )9111

9119 9119

9111 9111

9199

(.)9119-9111

. . Cooper G.P


"


( )9191-9191 9191

(.)4( )9111-9111
. 9191

4 . - - .2116

22

.

( ) ( )catalogue

()

() .

( )

(
)eclecticism

" "

23

"

(.)5

"

..4791

"



" :

.
" "" (
9111)

" ( 9111)
9119

9111


.9111
9111

5 . - - .

24

( ) .4974

"

. Harvard university barkley university


massachusett university

)architecture association( AA



RIBA
.

()

( ) (.)6

6 ( :
) .

25

( )Ion Mincu

9119
9111
( ) 9119

) . "
"

" . 9119


Dennis Winston
"
"



.
.

( )Civic design

. policy

( Town

)planning revue .


26

( Local

)government ( )Center Government


9111


()

( )Global village .
( Dallas
)group

( )Charter

( )Human habitat .
.

27

()


) The art of architecture
(
.

) () ()
(
() ( )Islaimic- musulmane

" hybrid .

( )western centralization


28

.
.


. (
) .

" .

(
)

()

() .

( )


(.)7

( ).
7 ( ) .141

29

(..
)

"" .


. ( )
"

.

( )

() (
31

).


. 9955
.


.

.


( )
.

. " "
.

" "



"


.
""

31

.
.

.
.

( )

. () ()

( )


. ( ) (
)

( ) Statement and Nation ( New

.)Statement ()

.
() ( ")
32

.
()
(

"

"

. .

"

()
. ( )

1551

.
( )

(
)sketches ""
.

( )



33





. ""

().



(.)8

,
.
.
()

"

"" " "


( )
. (9919-151)

" "

8 1994 .

34

.. .
.



(9191-9115)

. "

"

.
.
""

.. .


. "

. () .
35


(.)9

9 342 27\21\2113-
.

36