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IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978

(Reaffirmed 1998)

Edition 2.1 (1981-01)

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART I STEELS SPECIFIED BY TENSILE AND/OR YIELD PROPERTIES

( First Revision )
(Incorporating Amendment No. 1)

UDC 669.14.018.295(083.4)

BIS 2003 BUREAU


MANAK BHAVAN , 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG NEW DELHI 110002

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

Price Group 4

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART I STEELS SPECIFIED BY TENSILE AND/OR YIELD PROPERTIES

( First Revision )
Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee, SMDC 19
Chairman DR G. MUKHERJEE Members SHRI A. N. BISWAS SHRI S. K. BASU ( Alternate ) SHRI B. C. BISWAS SHRI P. K. CHAKRAVARTY DR T. MUKHERJEE ( Alternate ) SHRI P. K. CHATTERJEE SHRI K. M. CHAUDHURY SHRI DASARATHA SHRI S. V. DATAR SHRI M. K. GHOSH ( Alternate ) SHRI A. D. DIAS SHRI M. K. DATTA SHRI R. C. JHA ( Alternate ) SHRI S. B. GUPTA SHRI P. K. GYNE ( Alternate ) ( Continued on page 2 ) BIS 2003 BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS This publication is protected under the Indian Copyright Act (XIV of 1957) and reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the publisher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act. Directorate General of Supplies and Disposals (Inspection Wing), New Delhi The Indian Tool Manufacturers Ltd, Bombay Steel Authority of India Ltd (Alloy Steels Plant), Durgapur Ministry of Defence (DGI) National Metallurgical Jamshedpur Laboratory (CSIR), SHRI P. K. GANGOPADHYAY ( Alternate ) National Test House, Calcutta The Tata Iron & Steel Co Ltd, Jamshedpur SHRI A. M. BISWAS ( Alternate ) Guest, Keen, Williams Ltd, Howrah Representing Steel Authority of India Ltd (Alloy Steels Plant), Durgapur

The Visvesvaraya Iron & Steel Ltd, Bhadravati Ahmedabad Advance Mills Ltd, Navsari

SHRI B. C. BASAVARAJ ( Alternate )

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978


( Continued from page 1 ) Members Representing JOINT DIRECTOR (MET) RESEARCH Ministry of Railways DESIGNS AND STANDARDS ORGANIZATION DEPUTY DIRECTOR (MET-II) RDSO ( Alternate ) Indian Register of Shipping, Bombay SHRI S. R. KHARE SHRI V. N. PANDAY ( Alternate ) SHRI R. S. KOTHAWALE Bharat Forge Co Ltd, Mundhwa, Pune SHRI S. S. LAKKUNDI ( Alternate ) DR D. P. LAHIRI Ministry of Defence (R & D), New Delhi SHRI I. N. BHATIA ( Alternate ) SHRI K. N. MEHRA Heavy Engineering Corporation Ltd, Ranchi SHRI D. K. DAS ( Alternate ) SHRI L. MISHRA Director General of Technical Development, New Delhi SHRI M. K. BANERJEE ( Alternate ) Ashok Leyland Ltd, Madras SHRI A. PADMANABHAN SHRI I. M. PAI Firth India Steel Co Ltd, Thane SHRI B. M. PAI ( Alternate ) DR R. V. PATHY Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombay; and Alloy Steel Producers Association of India, Bombay SHRI R. NARAYANA ( Alternate )Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombay SHRI M. K. PRAMANIK Iron & Steel Control, Calcutta SHRI S. S. SAHA ( Alternate ) DR V. RAMASWAMY Research & Development Centre for Iron and Steel (SAIL), Ranchi SHRI S. R. MEDIRATTA ( Alternate ) SHRI M. RANGASHAI Hindustan Machine Tools Ltd, Bangalore SHRI SANJIT SEN ( Alternate-I ) SHRI P. RAMA PRASAD ( Alternate-II ) SHRI A. K. ROY The Tata Engineering and Locomotive Co Ltd, Jamshedpur DR S. K. MONDAL ( Alternate ) SHRI D. SRINIVASAN Steel Furnace Association of India, Calcutta DR S. K. CHATTERJEE ( Alternate ) SHRI Y. C. SUBRAHMANYA Ministry of Defence (DGOF) M. N. Dastur & Co Pvt Ltd, Calcutta SHRI K. S. VAIDYANATHAN SHRI C. J. DAVE ( Alternate ) SHRI C. R. RAMA RAO, Director General, BIS ( Ex-officio Member ) Director (Struc & Met) Secretary SHRI VIJAY KUMAR Assistant Director (Metals), ISI

Subcommittee for the Revision of Schedule for Wrought Steels for General Engineering Purposes, SMDC 19 : 5
Convener SHRI P. K. CHAKRAVARTY Members SHRI S. K. BASU The Tata Iron & Steel Co Ltd, Jamshedpur Guest, Keen, Williams Ltd, Howrah ( Continued on page 15 )

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART I STEELS SPECIFIED BY TENSILE AND/OR YIELD PROPERTIES

( First Revision )
0. F O R E W O R D 0.1 This Indian Standard (Part I) (First Revision) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 20 November 1978, after the draft finalized by the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee had been approved by the Structural and Metals Division Council. 0.2 Schedules for wrought steels for general engineering purposes (IS : 1570-1961) was first published in 1961. On the basis of the experience gained in the production and use of steels, the Sectional Committee has decided to revise the standard and issue it in parts. The other parts of the standard are as follows:* Part II Part III Part IV Part V Part VI Carbon steels Carbon and carbon manganese free cutting steels Alloy steels (excluding heat-resisting steels) Tool steels stainless and

Stainless and heat-resisting steels*

0.3 The following major modifications have been made in this revision: a) Steel designations have been modified in accordance with IS : 1762 (Part I)-1974. However, for the sake of easy identification old designations are also given within brackets. b) Grades St 39, St 44, St 47, St 52, St 58 and St 66 given in IS : 1570-1961 have been deleted as the tensile ranges covered by these grades are already available in grades St 37, St 42, St 50, St 55 and St 63. A new grade St 70 has been added to cover the values of tensile between St 63 and St 78.
*Already published as IS : 1570 (Part V)-1972. Code for designation of steels: Part I Based on letter symbols ( first revision ).

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978 c) Each grade of steel has been sub-divided into two sub-grades, one with a low yield to tensile ratio and the other with a high yield to tensile ratio. These ratios have been fixed after consulting the relevant Indian Standards and ISO Recommendations. 0.4 This schedule does not give limits for sulphur and phosphorus. These have to be specified in the detailed specifications. The standard ranges for sulphur and phosphorus and the method for designating steel according to its sulphur and phosphorus content, steel making practice and method of deoxidation is detailed in Appendix A for information. 0.5 Although both yield and tensile values have been specified in Table 1, the yield value should be ignored if the specification is evolved on the basis of tensile strength. Similarly the tensile strength should be ignored if the specification is based on yield stress. 0.6 This edition 2.1 incorporates Amendment No. 1 (January 1981). Side bar indicates modification of the text as the result of incorporation of the amendment. 0.7 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with IS : 2-1960*. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard. 1. SCOPE 1.1 This schedule (Part I) is applicable to carbon and low alloy steels which are put into service in the hot-rolled, normalized or annealed condition in the form of plates, sections, bars, forgings and tubes, when the main criterion in the selection and inspection of the steel is either the tensile strength or the yield stress which is used as a basis for design. This schedule is not intended to be used as a standard. 2. GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF THE SCHEDULE 2.1 While preparing Indian Standards, or revising the existing standards, steels listed in this schedule shall be selected. The
*Rules for rounding off numerical values ( revised ).

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978 specification of mechanical properties different from those given in this schedule should not be made unless special conditions of service render this essential. In that event, full reasons for the proposed departure from the steels specified in this schedule shall be submitted to the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee, SMDC 19, and its approval obtained. 2.2 In the case of steels belonging to this schedule it is not usual to specify a detailed chemical composition, but the quality of the material is controlled, where necessary, by specifying the maximum permissible percentage of sulphur and phosphorus. Since different levels of sulphur and phosphorus are required according to the severity of the conditions in service, limits for these elements are not included in the schedule, but should be specified in a specification at levels appropriate to the method of steel production, conditions of service, etc. Where necessary, the type of steel, for example, killed, semi-killed, etc, should be included in the standard. In the case of killed and semi-killed variety of steel, it would be necessary to specify the silicon content. 2.3 Where special factors, such as weldability, are involved, it may be desirable to include a maximum limit on the carbon content in the specification. In some structural steels, copper content is found to be beneficial for increasing resistance to corrosion and, in such cases, this should be specified in the standard. 2.4 In addition to the tensile and yield stress, values for the specified minimum percentage elongation, corresponding to the standard tensile ranges, are given in Table 1. These elongation values are based on a gauge length of 5.65 A which is now internationally accepted. If test pieces of other than 5.65 A gauge length are used, elongation conversions may be obtained from IS : 3803-1974*. For tensile tests on tubes, the specified percentage elongation should be based on the formula of 950 divided by the actual tensile strength when using a gauge length equivalent to 5.65 A or of 1 100 divided by the actual tensile strength in kgf/mm2 when using a gauge length equivalent to 4 A.

*Method for elongation conversions for steel ( first revision ).

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978


TABLE 1 TENSILE AND YIELD PROPERTIES OF STANDARD STEELS ( Clauses 0.5 and 2.4 ) NEW OLD DESIGNATION DESIGNATION [See IS : 1762 (PART I)1974*] (1) Fe 290 FeE 220 Fe 310 FeE 230 Fe 330 FeE 250 Fe 360 FeE 270 Fe 410 (2) (St 30) (St 32) (St 34) (St 37) (St 42) TENSILE STRENGTH, Min YIELD ELONGATION REFERENCE TO STRESS, PERCENT, INDIAN STANDARD Min Min (GAUGE LENGTH 5.65 A ) (4) N/mm2 170 220 180 230 200 250 220 270 250 27 27 26 26 26 26 25 25 23 IS : 432, IS : 1977, IS : 1978, IS : 2831, IS : 6915 IS : 1079, IS : 5986 IS : 1979, IS : 3503, IS : 5272, IS : 5986 IS : 226, IS : 432, IS : 1079, IS : 1148, IS : 1977, IS : 2062, IS : 2100, IS : 2830, IS : 2831, IS : 3039, IS : 3503, IS : 5986, IS : 6914, IS : 6915 IS : 1079, IS : 3503, IS : 8500 IS : 432, IS : 961, IS : 8500 (5) (6)

(3) N/mm2 290 290 310 310 330 330 360 360 410

FeE 310 Fe 490 FeE 370 Fe 540 FeE 400 Fe 620 FeE 460 Fe 690 FeE 520 Fe 770 FeE 580 Fe 870 FeE 650

(St 50) (St 55) (St 63) (St 70) (St 78) (St 88)

410 490 490 540 540 620 620 690 690 770 770 870 870

310 290 370 320 400 380 460 410 520 460 580 520 650

23 21 21 20 20 15 15 12 12 10 10 8 8

*Code for designation of steel: Part I Based on letter symbols ( first revision ). 1 kgf/mm2 = 9.81 N/mm2. See Appendix B for titles.

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978

APPENDIX A
( Clause 0.4 ) NEW SYSTEM OF DESIGNATION OF STEELS A-0. GENERAL A-0.1 The new system of designation of steel is based on the draft ISO proposal submitted by India to ISO/TC 17 Steel for formulation of an international standard. Details of the new designation system are given in IS : 1762 (Part I)-1974*. A-1. STEELS DESIGNATED ON THE BASIS OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES A-1.1 These steels are carbon and low alloy steels where the main criterion in the selection and inspection of steel is the tensile strength or yield stress. In such cases, provided the specified mechanical properties are attained it is not usual to specify a detailed chemical composition but the quality of the material is designated, where necessary, by specifying certain quality levels. Steels listed in this Schedule, Part I fall in this category. The designation of these steels consists of the following in the order given: a) Symbol Fe or FeE depending on whether the steel has been specified on the basis of minimum tensile strength or yield strength. b) Figure indicating the minimum tensile strength or yield stress in N/mm2. If no minimum tensile strength or yield stress is guaranteed, the figure shall be 00. c) Chemical symbols for characterize the steel. elements the presence of which

d) If necessary, symbols indicating special characteristics as follows: 1) Method of Deoxidation Depending upon, whether the steel is killed, semi-killed or rimming variety, the following symbols
*Code for designation of steel: Part I Based on letter symbols ( first revision ).

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978 shall be used to indicate the steel making practice: i) R for rimming steel; and ii) K for killed steel.
NOTE If no symbol is used, it shall mean that the steel is of semi-killed type.

2) Steel Quality The following symbols shall be used to indicate steel quality: Q1 Non-ageing quality, Q2 Freedom from flakes, Q3 Grain size controlled, Q4 Inclusion controlled, and Q5 Internal homogeneity guaranteed. 3) Degree of Purity The sulphur and phosphorus levels (ladle analysis) shall be expressed as follows: Symbol P25 P35 P50 P70 No symbol will mean Maximum Content in Percent Phosphorus 0.025 0.035 0.050 0.070 0.055 Sulphur 0.025 0.035 0.050 0.070 0.055 The above symbols use the letter P followed by 1 000 times the maximum percentage of sulphur and phosphorus. In case the maximum contents of sulphur and phosphorus are not same, the following procedure shall be followed: Symbol SP shall be used to indicate the levels followed by:* i) 1 000 times the maximum sulphur rounded off* to the nearest integer. ii) 1 000 times the maximum phosphorus rounded off* to the nearest integer.
*Rounding off shall be done according to the rules given in IS : 2-1960 Rules for rounding off numerical values ( revised ).

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978 Example: Maximum sulphur Maximum phosphorus Designation: SP 44 4) Weldability Guarantee Guaranteed weldability of steel as determined by tests mutually agreed between the purchaser and the supplier shall be indicated by the following symbols: W = Fusion weldable, and W1 = Weldable by resistance welding but not fusion weldable. 5) Resistance to Brittle Fracture Symbol B, B0, B2 or B4 indicating resistance to brittle fracture based on the results of the V-notch Charpy impact test. For steels B, B0, B2 and B4 a test should be made with Charpy V-notch specimens, taken in the direction of rolling with the notch perpendicular to the surface of the plate or product. Steels B, B0, B2 and B4 are characterized by an average V-notch Charpy impact value according to the following table: Steels Specified UTS Range Energy (4) J 40 28 40 28 40 28 40 370 to 520 N/mm2 500 to 700 N/mm2 (1) B B0 B2 B4 Energy (2) J 28 28 28 28 Temperature (3) C 27 0 20 40 Temperature (5) C 27 10 0 30 20 50 40 9 = 0.045 percent = 0.035 percent

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978 6) Surface Condition The following symbols shall be used to indicate surface condition: S1 Deseamed or scarfed; S2 Descaled; S3 Pickled (including washing and neutralizing); S4 Shot, grit or sand blasted; S5 Peeled (skinned); S6 Bright drawn or cold-rolled; and S7 Ground.
Notes If no symbol is used, it shall mean that the surface is in as-rolled or as-forged condition.

7) Formability ( Applicable to Sheet Only ) The following symbols shall be used to indicate drawability: D1 Drawing quality, D2 Deep drawing quality, and D3 Extra deep drawing quality.
NOTE If no symbol is used, it shall mean that the steel is commercial quality.

8) Surface Finish ( Applicable to Sheet Only ) The following symbols shall be used to indicate the surface finish: F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 General purpose finish, Full finish, Exposed, Unexposed, Matt finish, Bright finish, Plating finish, Unpolished finish, Polished finish,

F10 Polished and coloured blue, F11 Polished and coloured yellow, F12 Mirror finish, 10

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978 F13 Vitreous enamel finish, and F14 Direct annealed finish. 9) Treatment The following symbols shall be used to indicate the treatment given to the steel:* T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 T9 T10 T11 T12 T13 T14 Shot-peened, Hard-drawn, Normalized*, Controlled rolled, Annealed, Patented, Solution-treated, Solution-treated and aged, Controlled cooled, Bright annealed, Spherodized, Stress-relieved, Case-hardened*, and Hardened and tempered.

NOTE If no symbol is used, it means that the steel is hot-rolled.

10) Elevated Temperature Properties For guarantee with regard to elevated temperature properties, the letter H shall be used. However, in the designation only the room temperature properties shall be shown. Elevated temperature properties shall be intimated to the purchaser separately by the manufacturer. 11) Cryogenic Quality For guarantee with regard to low temperature properties, the letter L shall be used. However, only the room temperature properties shall be indicated in the designation. Examples: Fe 410 Cu K Killed steel containing copper as alloying element with a minimum tensile strength of 410 N/mm2 FeE 300 P 35 Semi-killed steel with a minimum yield strength of 300 N/mm2 and degree of purity as follows:
*Includes tempering, if done.

11

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978 S & P = 0.035 Max Fe 470W Steel with a minimum tensile strength of 470 N/mm2 and of guaranteed fusion welding quality

FeE 550 S6 Bright drawn or cold rolled steel with a minimum yield strength of 550 N/mm2 Fe 00R Rimming quality steel with no guarantee of minimum tensile or yield strength

FeE 590 F7 Sheet steel of plating finish and minimum yield strength of 590 N/mm2 Fe 510 Ba Steel in annealed condition with a minimum tensile strength of 510 N/mm2 and resistance to brittle fracture = B Steel with guaranteed elevated temperature properties and a minimum room temperature tensile strength of 710 N/mm2 Semi-killed non-ageing quality steel with S & P = 0.055 and minimum tensile Max = 410 N/mm2 Semi-killed steel in controlled rolled condition with a minimum tensile strength of 600 N/mm2 Cryogenic quality steel with a minimum room temperature tensile strength of 520 N/mm2

Fe 710 H

Fe 410 Q1

Fe 600 T4 Fe 520 L

APPENDIX B
LIST OF INDIAN STANDARDS REFERRED IN COLUMN 6 OF TABLE 1 Sl No. 1. IS : 226-1975 Title Specification for structural steel (standard quality) ( fifth revision )

2. IS : 432 (Part I)- Mild steel and medium tensile steel bars and 1966 hard drawn steel wire for concrete reinforcement : Part I Mild steel and medium tensile steel bars ( second revision ) 12

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978 3. IS : 432 ( Part II )- Mild steel and medium tensile steel bars and 1966 hard drawn steel wire for concrete reinforcement : Part II Hard drawn steel wire ( second revision ) 4. IS : 961-1975 5. IS : 1079-1973 6. IS : 1148-1973 7. IS : 1977-1975 8. IS : 1978-1971 9. IS : 1979-1971 10. IS : 2062-1969 11. IS : 2100-1970 12. IS : 2830-1975 Specification for structural steel (high tensile) ( second revision ) Specification for hot rolled carbon steel sheet and strip ( third revision ) Specification for rivet bars up to 40 mm for structural purposes ( second revision ) Specification for structural steel (ordinary quality) ( second revision ) Specification for line pipe ( first revision ) Specification for high test line pipe ( first revision ) Specification for structural steel welding quality) ( first revision ) (fusion

Specification for steel billets, bars and sections for boilers ( first revision ) Specification for carbon steel billets, blooms and slabs for re-rolling into structural steel (standard quality) ( first revision ) Specification for carbon steel billets, blooms and slabs for re-rolling into structural steel (ordinary quality) ( first revision ) Specification for structural steel (shipbuilding quality) Specification for steel for marine boilers, pressure vessels and welded machinery structures Carbon steel sheets for integral coaches 13

13. IS : 2831-1975

14. IS : 3039-1965 15. IS : 3503-1966

16. IS : 5272-1969

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978 17. IS : 5986-1970 Hot rolled steel plates and flats for cold forming and flanging operations for automobile and general purposes Carbon steel cast billet ingots for rolling into structural steel (standard quality) Carbon steel cast billet ingots for rolling into structural steel (ordinary quality) Specification for weldable structural steel (medium and high strength quality)

18. IS : 6914-1973 19. IS : 6915-1973 20. IS : 8500-1977

14

IS : 1570 (Part I) - 1978


( Continued from page 2 )* Members Representing Ministry of Defence (DGI) SHRI P. K. CHATTERJEE SHRI M. K. SEN ( Alternate ) Alloy Steels Plant, Durgapur SHRI M. K. DUTTA SHRI R. C. JHA ( Alternate ) JOINT DIRECTOR (MET) RESEARCH Ministry of Railways DESIGNS & STANDARDS ORGANIZATION ASSISTANT DIRECTOR (MS) ( Alternate ) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay DR N. KONDAL RAO SHRI K. BALARAMAMOORTHY ( Alternate ) Bihar Alloy Steels Ltd, Ranchi DR N. MOHAN Alloy Steels Producers Association of India, Bombay DR R. V. PATHY* SHRI M. K. PRAMANIK Iron & Steel Control, Calcutta Heavy Engineering Corporation Ltd, Ranchi SHRI R. C. PRASAD SHRI D. K. DAS ( Alternate ) SHRI A. K. ROY Association of Indian Automobile Manufacturers, Bombay Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Khopoli SHRI A. R. V. SUBRAMANIAN Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd, Tiruchchirappalli DR G. VENKATARAMAN

*Dr R. V. Pathy is also alternate to Shri A. R. V. Subramanian of Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Khopoli.

15

Bureau of Indian Standards BIS is a statutory institution established under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 to promote harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods and attending to connected matters in the country. Copyright BIS has the copyright of all its publications. No part of these publications may be reproduced in any form without the prior permission in writing of BIS. This does not preclude the free use, in the course of implementing the standard, of necessary details, such as symbols and sizes, type or grade designations. Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director (Publications), BIS. Review of Indian Standards Amendments are issued to standards as the need arises on the basis of comments. Standards are also reviewed periodically; a standard along with amendments is reaffirmed when such review indicates that no changes are needed; if the review indicates that changes are needed, it is taken up for revision. Users of Indian Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest amendments or edition by referring to the latest issue of BIS Catalogue and Standards : Monthly Additions. This Indian Standard has been developed by Technical Committee : SMDC 19 Amendments Issued Since Publication Amend No. Amd. No. 1 Date of Issue January 1981

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IS:1570(PartI) - 1978

hdian Standard
PART I STEELS SPECIFIED BY TENSILE YIELD PROPERTIES

( Reaffirmed 1993 > ( Reaffirmed 1998 )

SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS


AND/OR

( First Revision)
_ J%utih Reprint MARCH 1998

UDC

669.&4.018.295(083.4)

BUREAU

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS

MANAK BHAVAN,

9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MAR0 NEW DELHI 110002

Gr 4

~unuary

1980

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART I STEELS SPECIFIED YIELD BY TENSILE AND/OR PROPERTIES

( First Revision )
Alloy Steels and Special Steels-Sectional Committee, SMDC 19

DR G. MUKHERJEX Mlmrbsrc

Ste~l~A;;t~;~rty

of India

Ltd

(Alloy

Steels Plant ),

Guest, Keen, Williamr Ltd, Howrah SHRI A. N. BIEWAS SRRI S. K. Baeu ( Alfsmals ) National Test House, Calcutta SERI B. C. B~swre Snax A. M. Brsw~s ( Aikmak ) The Tata Iron St Steel Co Ltd, Jamsbedpur SHRI P. K. CHAI~RAVARTY DR T. MUKEERJEP ( Altmwte ) Ministry of Defence ( DGI ) SFIRI P. K. &XMl?!RJEE SERI P. K. GANOOPAD~ XAY ( Alkrnak ) Laboratory ( CSIR ), National Metallurgical SHRI K. M. CHAUDHURY Jamshedpur The Visvesvanya Iron & Steel Ltd.Bhadravati Ssmr DASARATHA SHRI B. C. BM~VARAJ ( Altnnsfr ) Ahmedabad Advance Mills Ltd, Navaari SHU S. V. DATAR SERI M. K. GHOEIH ( Alturrets) The Indian Tool Manufacturers Ltd, Bombay SMIU A. D. D~lu Steel Authority of India Ltd ( Alloy Steelr Hatit), SHIUM. K. DATTA Durnapur I 1 SHRIR. C. Jrr~ ( &kmak ) Directorate General of Supplies and Dirposalr Smu S. B. GUPTA ( Inspection Wing ), New Delhi SHRIP.K.GYNJE(AU~~&)

( CWinwd.ew bwo2 ) Q @might


BUREAU OF INDIAN

1980
STANDARDS

This pabliution is mda the Idimth~~~ Ad (XIV of 1957) and p ormpartby~ym~~ceptwithwrittcnpumirdonofthe reproductioninwho p&R&a shall be deemed to be an ini%ngauent of copyright unda the said Act. -.

LS: 1570 ( Part I ) - i978

W-2
JOINT DIRECXOR( MET ) RE~EARCX Minbtry STANDARDS AND DIEICW8 ORWNIZATION DEPUTY DIRECTOR ( Mm-11 )

of Railways

RDSO ( Altanak ) SXRI S. R. KHARE SHRI V. N. PANDAY( Al&mot@ ) !&RI R. S. KOTHAWALE SHRI S. S. LAXKUNDI ( Alternate) Dn D. P. LAHIRI SHRI I. N. BHATIA( Altmatr ) SXRI K. N. MEHRA SHRI D. K. DAS ( Alkmatr ) SHRI L. MISHRA SHRIA. PADMANABXANSRRI I. &iRI _

Indian Regiatcr of Shipping, Bombay Bharat Forge Co Ltd, Mundhwa, Pune Minirtry of Defence ( R & D), New Delhi Heavy Engineering Corporation Ltd, Ranchi Dire;;; DFzeral of Technical Development,

SHRI M. K. BANERJEE ( Afcrnalr )

M. Plu

Ashok Leyland Ltd, Madras Firth India Steel Co Ltd, Thane Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombay; orl Alloy Steel Producers Association of India, Bombay Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombay Iron & Steel Control, Calcutta Research & Development Steel ( SAIL ), Ranchi Ccntre for Irbn and

B. M. PN (AhTnot0)

Dn R.,V. PATHY SARI R. NARAYANA ( Ahmab) Smx M. K. PRAMAMK SHRI S. S. SAHA ( Albmb)

DR V. RAMASWAMY

&RI S. R. MEDIRATTA ( Albmb ) Hindustan Machine Toola Ltd, Bangalore Sam M. RAN~AEWAI SHRI P. RA&A PRAIJAD ( Afbfstlb-11 )

SHRl SANJIT SEN ( AhWtU-I)

Sxm A. K. ROY

The Tata Engineering Tamahedaur

and Locomotive

Co Ltd,

DRS.K.MONDAL(A&W~) urn_ mmcm Steel Furnace Auociation of Iddia. Calcutta SHar D. SRINWAEIAN DR S. K. CHATTBRJEB ( Altmutr ) M&try of Dcfence ( DGOF ) Smtr Y. C. SW~RAHMIUWA

SHRI K. S. VAI~YANATHAN SHRI C. J. DAVE ( Albmab ) SHRI C. R. RAYA RAO, Director ( St& & Met)

M. N. Dartur & Co Pvt Ltd, Calcutta

Director General, BIS (ZZx-q#kio Mmbr

Sumtary
SHRI VIJAY KUUAB

Subcommittee

Assistant Director ( Metal1 ), I41 for the Revision of Schedule for Wrought Purposes,

&eels

for General Engineering

SMDC 19 : 5

CmlDauT
Smu P. K. CXAXRAVARTY Mmbm Smu S. K. BMU
,The Tata Iron & Steel Co Ltd, JauuJkdgur

Guest, Keen, William Ltd, Howrah (cm&.nwdm&#~ 15

Isr1570(P8rtI),-1978

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART I STEELS SPEClFlED YIELD BY TENSILE AND/OR PROPERTIES

( First Revision)
0. FOREWORD

0.1This Tndian Standard ( Part I ) ( First Revision ) was adopted by the


Indian Standards Institution on 20 November 1978, after the draft finalixed by the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee had been approved by the Structural and Metals Division Council. 0.2 Schedules for wrought steels for general engineering purposes ( IS : 1570.1961) was first published in 196 1. On the basis nf the experience gained in the production and use of steels, the Sectional Committee has decided to revise the standard and issue it In parts. The other parts of the standard are as follows: Part II Part III Part IV Part V Part VI 0.3 The following Carbon steels Carbon and carbon manganese steels Alloy steels ( excluding resisting steels ) free cutting

stainless and heatsteels*

Srainless and heat-resisting Tool steels major modifications

have been made in this revision:

in accordance witk a) Steel designations have been modified IS : 1762 ( Part I )-1974t. However, for the sake of easy identi.fication old designations are also given within brackets.
*Already published aa IS : 1570 ( Part V )-1972. $&de foa designation of nteclr: Part I Bared on letter symbolr (fist n&ion ).

IS : 1570( Part I ) - 1978

b)

Grades St 39, St 44, St 47, St 52, St 58 and St 66 given in IS : 1570-1961 have been deleted as the tensile ranges covered by these grades are already available in grades St 37, St 42, St 50, St 55 and St 63. A new grade St 70 has been added. to cover the values of tensile between St 63 and St 78. Each grade of steel has been sub-divided into two sub-grades, one with &low yield to tensile ratio and the other with a high yield to tensile ratio. These ratios have been Sxed after consulting the relevant Indian Standards and IS0 Recommendations.

0.4 This schedule does not give limits for sulphur and phosphorus. These have to be specified in the detailed specifications. The standard ranges for sulphur and phosPhorus and the method for designating steel according to its sulphur and phosphorus content, steel making practice and method of deoxidation is detailed in Appendix A for information. 0.5 Although both yield and tensile values have been specified inTable l_, the yield value should be ignored if the specification is evolved on the basrs of tensile strength. Similarly the tensile strength should be ignored if the specification is based on yield stress. 0.6 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, ex@ssing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with IS : 2-1960*. The number of significant places retained in f&e rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.

1. SCOPE 1.1 This schedule ( Part 1 ) is applicable to carbon and low alloy steels which are put into service in the hot-rolled, normalized or annealed condition in the form of plates, sections, bars, forgings and tubes, when the main criterion in the selection and inspection of the steel is either the This tensile strength or the yield stress which is used as. a basis for &sign. schedule is not intended to be used as a standard. 2. GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF THE SCI-JEDm

2.1 While preparing Indian Standards, or revising the existing standards, steels listed in this schedule shall be selected. The specification of .~ .____
*Rules for rounding off numerical valua ( raked ).

IS I 1570( Part I ) - 1978


mechanical properties different from those given in this schedule should not be made unless special conditions of service fender this esseritial. rh that event, full reasons for the proposed departure from the steels $specified :in this schedule shall be submitted to the Alloy Steels a$ ,special steels Sectional Committee, SMDC 19, and its approval obtained. .2.2 In the case of steels belonging to this schedule it is not usual to specify a detailed chemical composition, but the quality of the material is controlled, where necessary, by specifying the maximum permissible percentage of sulphur and phosphorus. Since different levels of sulphur and phosphorus are reqvired according to the severity of the conditions in service, limits for these elements are not included in the ,schedule, but should be specified in a specification at levels appropriate to the method of steel production, conditions of service, e:c. Where necessary, the type of .steel, for example, killed, semi-killed, etc, should be included in the standard. In the case of killed and semi-killed variety of steel, it would be necessary to specify the silicon content. 2.3 Where special r:ictors, such as desirable to include a maximum specification. In some .structural beneficial for increasing resistaxze should be specified in the standard. weldability, are involved, it may be limit on the carbon content in the steels, copper content is found to be to corrosion and, in such cases, this

2.4 In addition to the tensile and yield stress, values for the specified minimum percentage elongation, corresponding to the standard tensile ranges, are given in Table 1. Thise elongation values are based on a gauge length of 5*65d/~ which is now int&nationally accepted. If test pieces of other than 5.6542 gauge length are used, elongation conversions may be obtained from IS : X803-1974*. For tensile tests on tubes, the specified percentage elongation should be based on the for?mla of 950 divided by the actual tensile strength when using a gauge len@b equivalent to 5.65 d/AOr of 1 100 divided by the actual tensile ;trengt&in kgf/mm when using a gauge length equivalent to 4d2.

IS : 1570 ( Part I ) - 1978


TABLE 1 TENSILE AND YIELD PROPERTIES OF STANDARD STEELS ( Clauses 0.5 and 2.4 )
NEW DIBXGNATION IS

OLD
DESXGNAnoN

TENSILE STRENGTH

[I%2 (&I)1974. -J (1)


(2) (StSO) ( St

ELONOAnon PERCENT, Min ( GAUOE


LBNQTH

5.65t/A)
(3) N/mt 290 290 310

Fe 290 FeE 220 Fe 310 FeE 230 Fe 330 FeE 250 Fe 560 FeE 270 Fe 410

52 )

(4) N/mmt 170 220 180 230 200 250 220 270 250

(5) 27 27 26 26 26 26 25 25 23

0%

IS : 432, IS : 1977, IS : 1978, IS : 2831, IS : 6915

(StS4-) (Sts7) ( St 42 )

310 sso 330 360 360 410

IS : 1079, IS : 5986 IS : 1979, IS : 3503, IS : 5272, IS : 5986 IS : 226, IS : 432, I$ : 1079. IS : 1148, IS : 1977, IS : 2062, IS : 2 100, IS : 2830, IS : 2831, IS : 3039, IS : 3503, IS : 5986, IS : 6914, IS : 6915 IS : 1079, IS : 3503, IS : 8500 Zi : 432, IS: 961, IS : 8500

FeP 310 Fe 490 FeE 310 Fe 540

410

(St50) ( St 55 )

490 490 540

310 290 370 320

2s 21
21

20

400 540 20 FcE 400 620 380 15 (St 63) Fe 620 620 460 15 FeE 460 410 690 12 (St70) Fe 690 690 520 12 FeE 520 770 460 ( St 78 ) 10 Fe 770 770 580 10 FeE 580 (St88) 870 520 Fe a70 a 870 650 FeE 650 8 *Code for designation of steel: Part I Based on letter symbols (firrt r&s& ). 71 kgf/mu+ - 9.81 N/mm*. $Su Appendix B for titlca.

IS t 1570( Part I ) - 1978

APPENDIX ( Clause 0.4)


NEW SYSTEM Ab, GENERAL OF DESIGNATION

OF STEGLS

A-0.1 The new system of designation of steel is based on the draft IS0 proposal submitted by India to ISO/TC 17 Steel for formulation of an international standard. Details of the new designation system are given in IS : 1762 ( Part I )-1974*. A-l. STEELS DESIGNATED PROPERTIES ON THE BASIS OF MECHANICAL

Ae1.1 These steels are carbon and low alloy steels where the main criterion in the selection and inspection of steel is the tensile strength or yield stress. In such cases, provided the specified mechanical properties are attained it is not usual to specify a detailed chemical composition but the quality of the material is designated, tihere necessary, by specifying certain quality levels. Steels listed in this Schedule, Part I fall in this categoq. given: The designation of these steels consists of the following in the order

a) Symbol Fe or FeE depending on whether the steel has been specified on the basis of mini;um tensile strength or yield strength.

b)

Figure indicating the minimum tensile strength or yield stress in N/mm%. If no minimum tensile strength or yield stress is guaranteed, the figure shall be 00. Chemical symbols for characterize the steel. Hl~~ssary, : 1) A&hod symbols elements indicating the presence of which as

4 4

special

characteristics

of Dtoxidation -

Depending

upon, whether

the steel

*tide

for deaighation

of 8teek part 1 Bard on letter symbola (jh# f&k). 7

IS : 1578 ( Pant I .) - I!#/8 is kiiled, semi-killed or riniming variety, the following symbol, shall bt used to iiidicate the steel making practice: E) R for rimming
NOTEIf no symbol

steel; and
type.

ii) K for killed steel.


ia used, it shall mean that the steel is of xmi-killed

2) Steel QualiQ steel quality: Ql Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 -

The follow&g quality,

symbols shall be used to indicate

Non-ageing

Freedom from flakes, Grain size controlled, Inclusion controlled, and guaranteed. levels ( ladle

Internal homogeneity

3) Degree~,of Purity - The sulphur and phosphorus analysis ) shall be,expressed as follows: Sjhbol

P35 P50 q70 No symbol will mean

?25

Maximum Content in Peruen: ---__--_-A. ----_Phosphorus Sulph&0.025 0.025, 0.035, 0.035 0*050 PO50 0*070 0.070 0.055 Cl.055

The above symbols use the letter P. follbwcd by 1060 times the maximum percentage of sulphur and phosphorus. In case the maximum codtents of sulphur abd pliosphorus tie not same, the followin& procedure shall be folJowedz Symbol SP shall be used to indicate the levels followed by: i), 100 times the ,maximum nearest Jnteg&: rounding off numcric81 valua
rdpltur

rounded

oiZ* ts

the

l Roundiag

off ahall be. don& according (ra&rg .

to the rula

given

in IS: 2.19fj(1(

Ruler for

Is: l!HO(Part ii) 100 times the maximum nearest integer. phosphorus rounded

I)-1978 off* to the

Exam&
Maximum Maximum Designation: sulphur phosphorus SP 44 = 8045 0035 perccnr percent

4) Welakbili~ Guarantee-

Guaranteed wcldability of steel as determined by tests mutually agreed between the purchaser arm the supplier sliallbe indiclttd by de fbllowing symbolsz W - Fusion weldable, and Wr = W&able by resistance CeIdable. welding but not fusion

5)

&sistaaca to Brittle Fracture- Symbol g B ? BO *, B2 or B4 indicating resistance to brittke fracture based on the results of the V-notch Cbarpy impact test. For steels B,,BO, B2 a,nd B4 a test should be made with Charpy V-notch ipecrmens, taken in the direction of rolling with the notch perpendicular to the surface of thd plate or product. Steels B, BO, B2 -and ,B4 are characterized by an average ya;;tch Charpy nnpact value accordmg to the following : Sjncijed kUTS Raaga ~_.A-._-&.,_ r. 500 to 700 N/mm* 370 to 520 N/mm* -A--y y-+--r-Tempg TempcEnergy Energy rature rature

(1)

B:
Bo B2 B4

C2) j !2a 28 28 28 -

l C

<5) 2? 0

(4) J 40 28 48 28 40 28 48

20

-40

(5) C 27 - 10 0 - 30 -20 - 5.0 -40


for

*Rounding 08 &all be done according to the rulea given in IS : 24960 4R&J rounding off numcri~ vhca ( raiwd) .

XS: 1570 ( Part X) - 1978


6) Surface Condition- The following indicate surface condition: Sl S2 S3 s4 S5 &seamed symbols shall be used to

or scarfed;
washing and neutralizing );

7 Descaled; - Pickled ( including - Peeled ( skinned ) ;

Shot, grit or sand blasted; Bright drawn or cold-rolled; Ground.


that the surface is in u-rolled of

S6 S7 -

and

Noms -If na symbol is used, it shall mean ar-forged condition.

7) Formability ( A@ZicubZe to Sheet Only ) shall be used to indicate drawability: Dl D2 D3 NOTEquality. 8)

The following symbols

Drawing

quality,

Deep drawing quality, and Extra deep drawing quality.


k used, it &all mean that the rteel is commercial

If no symbol

Surfme Finish ( Applicable to Sheet Only ) -c The following symbols


shall be used to indicate the surface finish:

Fl - General purpose finish,


F2 F3 F4 F5 Full finish, - Exposed, --.Unexposed, Matt finish,.

F6 - Bright finish, F7 - Plating finish, F8 - Unpolished finish, F9 FIO F.!J F12 Polished finish, Polished and coloured blue, Polished and coloured yellow, Mirrot finish, 10

IS : 1570 ( Part I ) - 1978 F13 Fl4 9) Vitreous enamel finish, and Direct annealed finish.

Ifeatmsnt - The following symbols shall be used to indicate the treatment given to the steel: Tl T2 T3 T4 r5 T6 T7 T8 Shot-peened, Hard-drawn, Normalized*, Controlled rolled, Annealed, Patented, Solution-treated, Solution-treated and aged, Controlled cooled, Bright annealed, Spherodized, Stress-relieved,

T9 T 10 Tll T12 -

T13 - Case-hardened*, and T14 - Hardened and tempered.


NOTE-

If no symbol is used, it means that the steel is hot-rolled.

10) Elevated

Temperature Properties - For guarantee with regard to elevated temperature properties, the letter H shall be used. However, in the designation only the room temperature properties shall be shown. Elevated temperature properties shall be intimated to the purchaser separately by the manufacturer. f&lity - For guarantee with regard to low temperature properties, the letter L shall be used. However, only the room temperature properties shall be indicated in the designation.

11) Cryogenic

Fe 410 Cu K -- Killed steel containing copper as alloying element with a minimum tensile strength of 410 X/mm* FeE 300 P 35 Semi-killed steel with a minimum yield strength

*Includes tempering, if done.

11

IS: 1570 ( Part I ) - 1978


of 300 N/mm* and degree of purity as follows: S & P = 0.035 Max Fe 470 w FeE 550 S6 Fe OOR -Steel with a minimum tensile strength of 470 N/mm* and of guaranteed fusion welding quality -Bright drau\lnor cold rolled steel with .a minimum yield strength of 550 .N,/mm* Rimming quality steel with, no, guarantee xminimum tensile or yield strength of

FeE 590 F7 _Fe 516 Ba-

Sheet steel of plating finish and, minimum yield strengtb of 590 N/mm*

--Steel in anne led condition with a, minimum tensile $rengt ff; of 510 N/mm* and resistance to brittle,fracture = B Steel with guaranteed elevated properties and a minimum room tensile strength of 7 10 N/mm* Semi-killed non-ageing quality $ & P = 0.055 MUX and nnnimum N/mm* temperature temperature steel with tensile = 410

Fe 710 H

Fe 410 Ql

Fe 600 T4 Fe 520 L

Semi-killed steel in controlled rolled condition with a minimum tensile strength of 600 N/mm*

-Cryogenic quality steel with a, minimum room temperature tensile strength of 520 N/mm*

APPENDIX

B
IN

LIST OF INDIAN STANDARDS REFERRED COLUMN 6 OF TABLE 1

si

No.
1. 2. IS : 226-1975 LSi32 (Part I )Specification quality ) (Jfi

Title for structural rcqinbn) steel (standard

Mild steel and medium. tensile steel bars and hard drawn steel .wire for concrete reinforcement : Part I Mild steel and medium tensile steel bars ( second ration ) 12

IS : 1570 ( Part I ) - 1978 3. IS : 432 ( Part II )- Mild steel and medium tensile steel bars and hard drawn steel wire for concrete reinforce1966 ment : Part II Hard drawn steel wire ( ~qcond r&ion ) IS : 961-1975 Specification for structural ( seco?Uf rmirion ) steel ( high tensile )

t.

5.

IS : 1079-1973

Specification for hot rolled carbon and strip ( thirdrmision )

steel sheet

6.

IS : 1148-1973

Specification for rivet bars up to 40 mm structural purposes ( second revision ) Specification for structural quality ) ( stcon4f rcuision ) Specification Specification revision ) steel

for

7.

IS: 1977-1975

(ordinary

8. 9.

IS: 1978-1971 IS: 1979-1971

for line pipe ( j%Jt revision ) for high test line pipe (jirst

10.

IS : 2062-1969

Specification f&r structural steel ( fusion welding quality ) (first revision ) Specification for steel billets, for boilers (first revision) bars and sections

11.

IS: 2100-1970

12.

IS : 2830-1975

Specification for carbon steel billets, blooms and slabs for re-rolling into structural steel ( standard quality ) (jfrst n&ion ) Specification for carbon steel billets, blooms and slabs for re-rolling into structural steel ( ordinary quality ) (Jirst rsvkion ) Specification quality ) for structural steel (shipbuilding

13.

IS : 2831-1975

14.

IS : 3039-1965

15.

IS : 3503-1966

Specification for pressure vessels structures

steel and

for marine boilers, welded machinery

16.

IS : 5272-1969

Carbon steel sheets for integral 13

coaches

lsrl570(PartI)-1970
17. IS : 5986 1970 Hot rolled steel plates and flats for cold forming and flanging operations for automobile and general purposes Carbon steel cast billet ingots for rolling into structural steel ( standard quality) Carbon steel cast billet ingots for rolling into structural rteel ( ordinary quality ) structural Specification for weldable ( medium and high strength qualit) ) steel

18. 19. 20.

IS : 69141973 IS : 6915-1973 IS : 8500-1977

14

IS: 1570 (Pad

I)- 1979

SERIM.K.SU(A~~OWU)

Ministry of Defence ( DC1 )

SIRZ M. K. DUTTA Alloy St&r Plaut, Dufg8pur Salu R. C. JEIA(A&me&) JOINTDXRMXOR(MET) RMULUCH Minittry of Railway Dxma~a & STANDARD8 OROANIZATXOlt

Aenrr~~ D~RBCIQR ( I&) ( Al&m& ) DR N. KO~DALRAO Bhabha Atomic Reacarch Centre, Trbmbay SHII K. BALAMMAMCMYRTFIY ( Allrnok ) Du N. MOHAN Bihar Alloy St& Ltd, Ranchi DR R. V. PATI& Alloy StceL Producas Aarocirtion of
SHIX M. K. PMMANIK . Smr R. C. PRMAIJ SHII D. K. DAB (Al&ma&) SEW A. K. ROY hornbay

India,

Iron & steel control, Calcutt8 Heavy &2ghletring cornoration Ltd, Ranchi Associition of Indian Automobile Manufacturen, Bombay Mahindra. Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Kho li Bhrat Heavy Ekctricals Ltd, Tii cEhinpp8lli

PERI A. R. V. SUBRAUANIAN DR G. V~MKAT~

l Dr R. V. Path is also alternate to Shri A. R. V. &bramdan u@W hel Go Ltd, khopoti. .15

ofliui8dm

BUREAU

OF INDIAN STANDARDS

Headquarters: Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, NEW DELHI 110002 Telephones: 323 0131,323 3375,323 9402 Fax : 91 11 3234062,91 11 3239399, 91 11 3239382 Telegrams : Manaksanstha (Common to all Offices) Central Laboratory : Telephone Plot No. 20/9, Site IV, Sahibabad Industrial Area, Sahibabad 201010 Regional Central *Eastern OWices: 32376 17 3-77 00 32

: Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, NEW DELHI 110002 : l/14 CIT Scheme VII M, V.I.P. Road, Maniktola, CALCUTTA 700054
160022

337 86 62 60 38 43 23523 15

Northern : SC0 335-336, Sector 34-A, CHANDIGARH Southern

: C.I.T. Campus, IV Cross Road, CHENNAI 600113

IWestern : Manakalaya, E9, Behind Mar01 Telephone Exchange, Andheri (East), MUMBAI 400093 Branch Offices:: Pushpak, Nurmohamed Shaikh Marg, Khanpur, AHMEDABAD $Peenya Industrial Area, 1st Stage, Bangalore-Tumkur BANGALORE 560058 Road, 380001

832 92 95

5501348 839 49 55 55 40 21 40 36 27 21 01 41 8-28 88 01 8-71 1996

Gangotri Complex, 5th Floor, Bhadbhada Road, T.T. Nagar, BHOPAL 462003 Plot No. 82-63, Unit VI, Ganga Nagar, BHUBANESHWAR Kalaikathir Buildings, 670 Avinashi Road, COIMBATORE Plot No. 43, Sector 16 A, Mathura Road, FARIDABAD Savitri Complex, 116 G.T. Road, GHAZIABAD 201001 781003 500001 751001 641037

121001

53/5 Ward No.29, R.G. Barua Road, 5th By-lane, GUWAHATI 58-56C,

541137 201083 37 29 25 21 68 76

L.N. Gupta Marg, Nampally Station Road, HYDERABAD

E-52, Chitaranjan Marg, C-Scheme, JAIPUR 302001 1171418 B, Sarvodaya Nagar, KANPUR 208005 Seth Bhawan, 2nd Floor, LUCKNOW 226001 Behind Leela Cinema, Naval Kishore Road,

2389

23

NIT Building, Second Floor, Gokulpat Market, NAGPUR 440010 Patliputra Industrial Estate, PATNA 800013 Institution of Engineers (India) Building 1332 Shivaji Nagar, PUNE 411005 T.C. No. 14/l 421, University P. 0. Palayam, THIRUVANANTHAPURAM 695034

52 51 71 26 23 05 32 36 35 621 17

*Sales Cffice is at 5 Chowringhge Approach, P.O. Princep Street, CALCUTTA 700072 tSales Cffice is at Novelty Chambers, Grant Road, MUMBAI 400007 *Sales Cffice is at F Block, Unity Building, Narashimaraja Square, BANGALORE 560002

271085 309 65 28 222 39 71

Printed at Printogaph,

New Delhi, Ph

: 5726847

AMENDMENT

NO. 1 TO

JANUARY

1981

IS : 1570 ( Part I ) - 1978 SCI-XEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS


PART I STEELS SPECIFIER BY TENSILE ViELO PROPERTIES AND/OR

( First Revision
Corrigenda
Mnfor

( Page 6, Table 1, heading of co/ 3 ) -. Substitute


~TENBILESTBENGTB'.

TENSILE SmENQT~, I 000 tids

I Page 8, clause A-L1 for 100 times . fo, I J.$ye~,clawe .

(d)(3)(i),

line 1 J lint 1] -

Substitute Substitute

AL1.1 (d)(S)(ii),

( 1 000 times

IS : 1570 ( Part n ) - 1979

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART It

CARBON STEELS (UNALLOYED STEELS)

( First Revision)
Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee,
Chairman Ds G. MUKHERJEE Members Guest, Keen, Williams Ltd, Howrah SHEI A. N. BISWAS S~lrr S. K. Basn ( Alfentate ) National Test House, Calcutta SHIZI B. C. BISWAS SHRI A. M. BISWAS (A&em& ) The Tata Iron & Steel Co Ltd, Jamshedpur SHBI P. K. CEIAKRAVARTY DR T. MUKRERJEE ( Akmat~ ) Ministry of Defence ( DGI ) .CERI P. K. CZ~ATTERJEE SHRI Y. K. C;ANOOP~DRYAY ( Al:ernatr ) Nationa! Metallurgical Laboratory (CSIR ), 5 :RLK. M. CEAUDUKJRY Jamshrdpur SI I D.+SARATIIA The Visvesvaraya Iron & Steel Ltd, Bhadravati Senr B. C. B.LS~VA~AJ ( Bflcrnnte) Sar I S. V. DATIR Ahmedabad Advance Mills Ltd, Navsari SEBI M. K. Gnosn ( Altmafe) The Indian Tool Manufacturers Ltd, Bombay SHW A. D. DIAS Steel Authority of India Ltd ( Alloy Steels Plant ), SHBI M. K. DATTA Durgapur S IR~$..,J,A ( Alternate ) Directorate General of Supplies & Disposals Sam . ( Inspection Wing ), New Delhi
SIIRI P. I;. GYXE ( Alfcrm~e j JOTNT CiRECTOR (hfET),RlXE~RCli DESIOHS AXD.STA~-DARDS ORGAhItATlON

SMDC

19

Repmenling Steel Authority Durgapur of India Ltd (Alloy Steels Plant ),

Ministry

of Railways

DEPUTY DIRECTOIL( MET-II,), RDSO ( Alternate) ( Confinued on page 2 ) @ Cojprighf INCIXTT STASDARDS 1979 INSTiTUTION

This publication is protected under the Indim Copyrighf Act ( XIV of 1957) and reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the publisher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act.

1s : 1570( Part n ) - 1979 ( Continued from page


1)

Reprcsentin~ Members Indian Register of Shipping, Bombay SERI S. R. KIIARE SH~I V. N. PAl?DAY ( Alternate ) Bharat Forge Co Ltd, Mundhwa, Pune SRRI R. S. KOTRAWALE SHRI S. S. LAXXUNDI ( Alfcraufc ) Ministry of Defence ( R & D ) DE D. P. LAHIRI SRRI I. N. BHATIA ( Altemurr) Heavy Engineering Corporation Ltd, Ranchi SHRX K. N. MEHRA SHRI D. K. DAS ( Afternafc) Directorate General of Technical Development, SHBI L. MISEXA New Delhi Snnr M. K. BANERJEE ( Ahmate ) Ashok Leyland Ltd, Madras Snn~ A. PA~MANABEAN Firth India Steel Co Ltd, Thane SHlrI 1. M. PA1 SHILI B. M. PAX ( ALnate ) Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd. Bombay; and Alloy Dn R. V. PATHY Steel Producers Associatron of Indra, Bombay Sunr R. NARAYANA ( Alternate ) Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombay Iron St Steel Control, Calcutta SHRI M. K. PRAXANIK SARI S. S. SAHA ( Akrnate) Research & Development Centre for Iron and DR V. R~XASWAMY Steel I HSL J. Ranchi SI~RI S. R. MEDIRATTA ( Ahmate) Hindustan Machine Tools Ltd, Bangalore SRRI M. RANGASHAI SRRI SANJIT SEN ( Aftnnatc I ) S~rnr P. RAMA PIZASAD ( Altcrnatc II ) The Tata Engineering and Locomotive Co Ltd, SHRI A. K. ROY Jamshedpur DR S. K. MONDAL (Alternate) Steel Furnace Association of India, Calcutta SHRI D. SI~IXITAS~N Ds S. K. CHATTERJEE ( Alternafc) Ministry of Defence ( DGOF ) SHRI Y. C. SUBRARUANYA M. N. Dastur & Cc Pvt Ltd, Calcutta SHRI K. S. VA~DYANATHAN SHRI C. J. DAVE ( Altrmatc ) Director General, IS1 ( Ex-o&30 Member ) Saw C. R. RAMA RAO, Director ( Strut 8t Met ) Secretary SIIRI VIJAY KIJMAR Assistant Director ( Metals ), IS1 St&committee for the Revision General Engineering of Schedule for Wrought Purposes, SMDC 19 : 5 Steel for

convener
SERI P. K. CEAKRAVARTY nilembers
SHRI

The Tata Iron & Steel Cc Ltd, Jamshedpur Guest, Keen, Williams Ltd, Howrah Ministry of Defence (DGI ) ) ( Continued on page 18 )

SHEI S. K. BASU I'. K. CRATTEI~JEE SUIII M. I;. SXN (Alternate

IS x 1570 ( Part II ) - 1979

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART I1 CARBON ( STEELS,( UNALLOYED STEELS)

First Revision)

0. FOREWORD
0.1 This Indian Standard ( Part II ) (First Revision ) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 5 March 1979, aster the draft finaiized by the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee had been approved by the Structural and Metals Division Council. 0.2 Schedules for wrought steels for general engineering purposes ( IS : On the basis of the experience 1570-1961 ) was first published in 1961. gained in the production and use of steels, the Sectional Committee has The other parts of decided to revise the standard and issue it in parts. the standard are as follows: Steels specified by tensile and/or yield properties Part I Part III Carbon and carbon manganese free cutting steels Part IV Alloy steels ( excluding stainless and heat-resisting Part V Stainless and heat-resisting steels* Part VI Tool steels 0.3 The following major modifications have been made in this revision: steels )

Steel designations have been modified in accordance with However, for the sake of easy IS : 1762 ( Part I )-1974t. identification old designations are also given within brackets. grades 2C2, 5OC8,6OC6 have been added. Manganese content of grades CO5 ( 5C4 ), C55 ( 55C4 ), and C60 ( 6OC4 ) h ave been modified.

b) New
4

Mechanical properties for cold-drawn bars given in Table 3 have been modilied on the basis of experience gained. letter symbols.

*Already published as IS : 1570 ( Part V )-1972. t&de for designation of steels: Part I Based on

IS : 1570 ( Part II ) - 1979 0.4 This schedule does not give limits for sulphur and phosphorus. These have to be specified in the detailed specifications. The standard ranges for sulphur and phosphorus and the method for designating steel according to its sulphur and phosphorus content, steel making practice and method of deoxidation is detailed in Appendix A for information.
0.5 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with The number of significant places retained in the rounded IS : 2-1960*. off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this

standard. 1. SCOPE 1.1 This schedule ( Part II ) is applicable to standards for carbon steels when it is necessary for the steel to be supplied to a composition within reasonably defined limits. This schedule is not intended to be used as a standard. 1.1.1 This schedule may be used for ordering steels provided specification is available for the particular steel.
2. GENERAL no detailed

2.1 While

or revising existing standards, preparing Indian Standards, steels listed in this schedule shall be selected. The specification of mechanica! properties different from those, given in this schedule should not be made unless special conditions of service render this essential. In that event, full reasons for the proposed departure from the steels specified in this schedule shall be submitted to the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee, SMDC 19, and its approval obtained. 2.2 In addition to specified mechanical properties, ranges for carbon and manganese are, laid down in the schedule ( SLY Table 1 ), but as in many cases, the steels of lower carbon content are required as rimming, semikilled or killed steel depending on the subsequent manipulation and conditions of service, the silicon content has not been specified. Where necessary, the silicon content or the type cf steel, for example, killed, semi-killed, etc, should be included in the standard. Since different levels of sulphur and phosphorus are required according to the severity of the conditions in service, limits for these elements are also not included in the schedule but should be specified in a specification at levels appropriate to the method of steel production, conditions of service, etc. Rules for rounding

off numerical

values (rtuised). 4

IS : 1570 (Part II) - 1979


TABLE 1 SPECIFIED CARBON AND MANGANESE FOR THE STANDARD STEELS ( CIause 2.2 ) LIMITS

STEEL DEEWNATIOX [SCC IS:1762 (PABT I)-19741 ,_----_-~


NW 2c2 4C2 SC4 7C4 lOC4 14C6 15c!4 15c8 2oc8 25C1 25Ca 3oc8 35c4 3568 4oc8 45C8 5064 Old (2) (cO4, (CO51 (07) (ClOj (Cl41 (Cl5) (C15Mn75) (C20) (C25) ( C25MnE (C30) ( C35 j ( C35Mn75 (C4Oj (C45) (C50) ( CkOM:I (C55) ( C55Mn7j) (GO) c-j (C65) (C7Oj (C75) ( C80 j (C85j (C98) (C113) )

Mn

hRCENT
(3) 0.05 Max WO8 Max O-10 Max 0.12 Max 0.15 Max

PEBCENT (4) 0*4OMax


0.40 Max 0.50 Max 0.50 Max 0*30-0.60 040-0*70 0.30-O-60 0~60_0%l 0~60-0*90 0*30-0*60 W60-0.90 0.60-090 O-30-0.60 0.60-090 0*60-090 o%O-0.90 0.3~0.60 o%O-O%l

REFERENCETO RELEVANT INDIANSTANDABD


(5)

(1)

0~10-0~18
0.20 Max 0~10-0~20 0*15-0*25 0.20-0.30 0*20-0.30 0.25-0.35 0.30~040 @30-0.40 0.35-0.45 ~40-0*50 p45-0.55 0.45-0.55 0.45-0.55 @50-0.60 0.50-0.60 0*55-O+l5 0.55-0.65 0.60-0.70 0.65-0.75 0~70-0~80 O*i5-0.85 0.80-0.90 090-1.05 1.05-1.20

Is:4882,4397 IS : 1812, 2879, 4432. IS:1875, 2004, 4432,


5489

1s:1812
IS:2100, 6967, 2004,4432 IS : 1875,2004 1875,

IS: 1875, 2004, 3930, 5517, 6967 IS: 1875, 2004, 3930, 5517,6967 IS :

1;;77 2004, 3930,

Is : 5517, 7226, 7283 IS : 1875, 2004, 2507,


3930, 3261,5517

IS : 5517

5oca
5OC12 5x4

1~10-140 0.30-0.60 0*60-0.90 0.30-0.60 o-50-0.80 @50-0.80 0.50-0.80 0.50-0.80 0.50-0.80 O.EO-0.80 0~5o-o~ao 0.50-0.80

IS : 2507, 3885, 3930


7226, 8054,8055 7494 IS

55ca
6Oc4 6OC6 65C6 iOC6 75C6

: 1875, 3445, 5517,

8OC6
85C6 08C6 113C6

IS : 1875, 2004,2507 4072 IS : 2507, 4072, 7226 IS : 2507, 3885 IS : 2507.4072 IS : 2507, 7226 Is: 2507, 3195, 7226 IS : 3195

IS : 1570 ( Part II) - 1979 2.3 This schedule includes specified tensile properties applicable to the different conditions, for example, Table 2 gives values for the hot-rolled or normalized conditions. These values are based on ruling sections up to 150 mm and for larger sizes some adjustment of the specified tensile range for a particular range of composition, or conversely, of the specified composition for a particular range of tensile strength, may be necessary. Mechanical properties for cold-drawn bars and for hardened and tempered bars and forgings, together with the sizes to which these properties are applicable are given in Tables 3 and 4. Table 5 gives the properties for case-hardening steels, that is, the properties obtainable in the core of caseSome of the steels are used hardened parts after refining and quenching. in the form of sheet and strip and tubes and the tensile properties of these are given in Tables 6, 7 and 8. For some purposes, a minimum yield stress is regarded as specification requirement and minimum yield stress values are, therefore, given for some of the physical conditions for inclusion Information on the assessment of the ruling in specifications, if required. section of bars, forgings and parts is given in Tables 9 and 10. 2.4 In addition, values for the specified minimum percentage elongation corresponding to the specified tensile ranges are included. Different types of test pieces are used for the tensile test depending on the form of the material; for example, flat test pieces for thin plates, sections and flat bars; unmachined round test pieces for smali size round bars; and machined round test pieces for thicker plates, for larger size round bars and for square bars, and forgings. Since the percentage elongation depends on the relation between the gauge length and the cross-sectional area of the test piece, specified minimum values for the percentage elongation for the different These elongation values types of test pieces are included in the schedule. given are based on a gauge length of 5*65Jrwhich is now intemathnally accepted. If test pieces of other than 5.65Jxgauge length are used, elongation conversion may be obtained from IS : 3803-1974. 2.5 For tensile tests on tubes, the specified percentage elongation should bc based on the recently adopted formulae of either 950 divided by the actual tensile strength in kgf /mm* when using a gauge length equivalent to 5.65Jxor of 1 100 divided by the actual tensile strength in kgf/mms when using a gauge length equivalent to 4,/x 2.6 The notch toughness of steels after hardening and tempering is sometimes assessed by an impact test and values for incorporation in specific+ tions; if required, are given in the relevant tables of the schedule. *Method for elongation conversionsfor steel ( first reuirion 6
).

IS : 1570 ( Part 11 ) - 1979


TABLE 2 SPECJFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR PLATES, SECTIONS, BARS, BILLETS AND FORGINGS IN THE HOT-ROLLED OR NORMALIZED CONDITION ( Clause 2.3)
DE~~IQNATIoN f---------t

TEPSILIP. SYCEENQT~ Old (2) (3) MPa* 320400 340-420 370-450 370-490 420-508 440-520 440-540 470-570 500-600 520-620 550-650 580-680 630-710 660-780 720 Min 720 Min 750 Min 750 Min

ELONGATION PEBCENT,Min

New
(1) 7c4 lOC4 14C6 15c4 15c8 2OC8 25C4 25C8 3OC8 3x4 35C8 4OC8, 454x 5oc4 5oc13 55c8 6OC4 65C6

(41 27 26 26 25 25 24 23 22 21 20 20 18 15 13 I1 13 11 10

(CO7) (ClO) (Cl4) (Cl5 ) ( C15MnL_ ) (CZO) ( c25 ) (C25Mnz (C38) ( C35 ) (C35Mn75 ww(C45) ( C50 1 ( C50Mnl) ( C55Mn75 (m)-(t=)

NOTE - Minimum values for the yield stress may be required in certain specifications and in such cases a minimum yield stress of 55 percent of the minimum tensile strength should be satisfactory.

*IMPa = lN/mme = 8 102 0 kgf/mma.

2.7 The specified mechanical properties are applicable to test samples taken from a standard location which should be included in the specification. bend test, flattening tests on tube, etc, 2.8 Any tests, for example, additional to the tests given in this schedule should also be specified in the standard as appropriate. 7

E . . t: 0
h

TABLE 3

SPECIFIED

TENSILE

LIMITS

FOR COLD-DRAWN

BARS

F
:! tl Y G 3
OVER 63 mm C_--_h-----y Elongation Tensile Strength Percent, Min Min

[ Ciuures 0.3(d) and 2.3 ]


DESIGNATION

---l--h.New

__ 7 Old

UP To

~_--~~-~---~ Tensile Strength


Min

20 mm Elongation Percent, Min

OvrR 20 mm Up TO 40 mm r-----h---y Elongation Tensile Percent, Min Strength Min (5) MPa+ 450 510 510 570 610 630 690 (6) 13 13 12 10 9 8 8

OVER 40 mm UP TO 63 mm r__-_----~ Tensile Elongation Strength Percent, Min


Min

De

(1)

(2)

(3) MPa* 490 540 540 610 640 670 730 = 0.102 0 kgf/mms.

(4) 11 11 10 9 8 7 7

(7) MPa* 410 470 470 530 570 610 670

(8) 15 15 15 12 10 9 9

(9) MPa* 360 430 430 490 540 590 630

(10) 18 18 18 15 12 10 10

lOC4 15C8 2OC8 3OC8 4cJc8 5oc4 55C8 *lMPa

(ClO) (Cl5Mn3) (C20) (C30) (C40) (C40) (C55Mn72) = lN/mma

IS : 1570 ( Part II ) - 1979


TABLE 4 SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR BARS AND FORGINGS IN THE HARDENED AND TEMPERED CONDITION ( Clause 2.3 ) _____A--, Old TeW3Icz STKENQTH YIELD STRESS ELONGATION, PERCENT, Man IZOl> IMPACT VALUE, LKWTINO RULING SECTION

New
(1)
3OC8 35c8

Min 1 (IX SPEOIFIED)


(3) MPa* 600-750 600-750 600-750 700-850 600-750 700-850 700-850 800-950 ) {~$:~$, (4) MPa* 400 400 380 480 380 480 460 540 460 540

Min
(IB SPECIFIED) (5) 18 18 18 17 17 15 fZ 15 13 (6) Joules 55 55 41 35 41 35 (7) mm 30 63 100 30 100 30 63 30 63 30

(2) ( C30 ) ( C35Mn75)

4OocB 45cfI

fC@)
(C45) (C50)

55c8 *IMPa

( C55Mnz

= IN/mm3 = 0.102 0 kgf/mm%

TABLE

SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR CASE-HARDENING STEELS IN THE REFINED AND QUENCHED CONDITION ( CORE PROPERTIES ) ( Clause 2.3 )

DESIQNATIOV -----y r-New Old (1) lOC4 14C6 15C8 2OC8 (2) ( Cl0 ) (Cl4) (C15Mn75) (C2O)

TEXSILE STRENGTH, Min (3) MPa* 500 500 500 500 = 0.1020 kgf/mmt.

ELONQATION, PERCENT, Min (4) 17 17 17 16

120~ I~+IPACT LIMITING RULIKG VALVE, A& (IF SPECIFIED) SECTION (5) Joules 55 55 55 55 (6) mm 15 Over 15 up to 30 30 30

*IMP3 = lN/mmz

IS : 1570 ( Part II ) - 1979

TABLE 6 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR MILD STEEL SHEET liND STRIP IN THE COLD-ROLLED AND ANNEALED CONDITION ( Clause2.3 ) DKYIIXATI~N c-----h--Old New TENSILE ST~EN~T~ ELONGATION, PERCENT, Min, TEST PIECE, WIDTH 12.5 mm, GAu~~mYH (1) 7c4 lOC4 15c4 2oc8 (2) ( CO7 ) (ClO) (C15) (C20) (3) MPa* 300-380 320-400 320-440 390-510 (4) 28 28 25 25

Min

llMPa, = IN/mm2 = @lo2 0 kgf/mm%

TABLE

SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR MILD STEEL SHEET STRIP IN THE COLD-ROLLED CONDITION ( Clause 2.3 )

AND

DESIGNATION r---? Old New (1) (2)

CONDITION

TENSILE STRENGTH (4) MPa* 390-470 470-570 570 Min

(3) 1 $y;FL;ard

15c4

( Cl5 )

1 Hard

*lMPa

= lN/mmz = 0.102 0 kgf/mm%

IS : 1570 ( Part II ) - 1979


TABLE COLD-DRAWN 8 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR TUBES IN THE AND ANNEALED CONDITION AND IN IKE COLD-DRAWN OR COLD-DRAWN AND TEMPERED CONDITION Clause 2.3 ) DESICJNATI~N x-F-%? COLD-DRAWN AND ANNEALED ----1 Yield Tensile Strength, Stress, Min Min (3) MPa* (4) MPa* 170 220 250 280 COLD-DRAWN OR COLD-DRAWN ATDTEMPERED r---I Tensile Yield Strength, Stress, Min Min (5) MPae 440 520 560 580 700 *IMPa TABLE = li%/mms = 0.102 0 kgf/mms. 9 CONVERSION INTO EQUIVALENT (6) MPa* 38 42 46 47 60 1 I 950 1 23 i EL~NGATIox PEIICENT, Min

(1)
14C6

(2)

I xx

15C8

( C15Mn75

)j

on gauge length = 5*65&Or

! _! loo on gauge length I i TS = 44/n

OF RECTANGULAR AND SQUARE SECTIONS RULING SECTIONS, OIL QUENCHING ( Clause 2.3 ) TunczrrEss 0F
-------h-_-----~____~ SECTIGX

IO mm

20

mm
(3) mm 21 26 :; 32 3332 33 33 33 33 33 ::3 33 33 33

80 100 30 40 50 GO mm mm mm mm mm mm DIAMETEX OF EQUIVALENT ROUNDS (4) mm (5) mm mm -

120 mm (IO) mm 130 140 148 154


X X X % X

140

mm

(1)
mm :i 30 40 50 60

mm 10 14 Iii 17 1: 17 17 I: 17 17 17 17 17 17 18

(2)

(6)

(7) mm 65 74 :: 88
9J

Iii
120 140 160 180 200 225 250 300 350 and over X Greater

32 37 40 43 46 :: 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 49

43 :: 57 60 62 63 63 G3 (i3 63 z 63

59
66 9: 76 77 77

54

mm 87

(8)

mm -. -

(9)

(11)
mm

1%
X X X X X X X

!I1 92 ::

58 78 :s8

1:; 108 112 115 117 119 I0 121 121

108 117 125 131 136 140 143 145 148 150

than 160 mm.

11

IS : 1570 ( Part II ) - 1979


TABLE 10 CONVERSION OF RECTANGULAR AND SQUARE SECTIONS INTO EQUIVALENT RULING SECTIONS, AIR COOLING ( Clause 2.3 ) WIDTH OF SECTION rTHICKNESS OF SECTION ----_-----------, 40 50 60 80 mm mm mm mm

10

20 mm

30 mm

mm

100 mm

120 mm

140 . mm

DIAMETEB OF EQUIVALENT ROUNDS

(1)
mm 10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 300 350 and over

.(2) mm

(3) mm

(4) mm 30 34 38 41 45 47 49 50 51 51 52 52 53 54 59

(5) mm 40 45 49 54 58 62 64 66 67 68 69 70 71 78

(6) mm i 51 55 62 68 72 76 79 81 83 85 86 88 97

(7) mm -

(8)
mm -

(9)
mm 102 111 119 126 132 137 142 147 155 x

(10) (11)
mm mm

10
13 15 16 16 :7 17 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 18 20

20 24 27 29 30 32 33 34 34 34 35 35 35 36 37 39

61 70 76 82 86 90 93 95 98 100 104 115

81 90 98 104 109 114 117 121 125 131 152

122 132 140 148 154

.-

142 152 x x

x
x

x
x

x x

x Greater than 160 mm.

IS : 1570 ( Part II ) 0 1979

APPENDIX ( Clause 0.4 )


NEW SYSTEM A-1. GENERAL OF DESIGNATION

OF STEELS

The new system of designation of steel is based on the draft IS0 proposal submitted by India to ISO/TC 17 Steel for formulation of an international standard. Details of the new designation system are given in IS : 1762 ( Part I )-1974. A-2. STEELS DESIGNATED COMPOSITION ON THE BASIS OF CHEMICAL The code

A-l.1

A-2.1 Unalloyed Steels ( as Defiacd in IS : 7598-1974t ) designation shall consist of the foilowing in the order given: a) Figure content, b) Letter indicating C , and 100 times the average percentage

of carbon

c) Figure indicating 10 times the average percentage of manganese content. The figure after multiplying shall be rounded off to the nearest integer according to the rules given in IS : 2-1960:. dj If necessary, 1)
MethoJ

symbois

indicating

special

characteristics

as

follows:

-Depending on whether the steel is kiiled, semi-killed or rimming variety, the following symbols shall be used to indicate the steel making practice:
designation

of

i) R = rimming ii) IC=


hT0l.E 2) -

steel, and
type.

killed steel. following quality, symbols shah be used to indicate

Pfno symbol is used, it shall mean that the steel is of semi-killed


Steel qualify -The

steel quality: Ql = non-ageing Q2 = freedom fro-m flakes, and guaranteed.

Q3 = grain size controlled, Q4 = inclusion controlled, Q5 = internal homogeneity

*Code for designation of steels: Part I Based on letter symbols. *Classification of steels. $Ruies for rounding off numerical vahles ( mixed).

13

ls:1570(

PartxI)-1979 3) Degree of purity - The sulphur and phosphorus analysis ) shall be expressed as follows:
Symbol Maximum

levels ( ladle

Content in Percent

r-A-----Phosphorus P25 P35 P50 P70 No symbol will mean 0.025 0.035 0.050 0.070 0.055

Sulphur 0.025 0.035 0.050 0.070 0.055

The above symbols use the letter P followed by 1 000 times the In case the maximum maximum percentage of sulphur and phosphorus. contents of sulphur and phosphorus are not same, the following procedure shall be followed: Symbol SP shall be used to indicate the levels followed by: a) 100 times integer. the maximum sulphur rounded off * to the nearest

b) 100 times the maximum integer.


Example:

phosphorus rounded off * to the nearest

Maximum Maximum Designation:

sulphur

8: O-045 percent

phosphorus = O-035 percent

SP 44. 4) Weldability guarantee - Guaranteed weldability of steel as determined by tests mutually agreed between the supplier and the manufacturer shall be indicated by the following symbols: W = fusion weldable, and WI = weldable by resistance welding but not fusion weldable.

5) Resistance

to brittle fracture - Symbol 6B , BO , ( B2 or B4 indicating resistance to brittle fracture based on the results of the V-notch Charpy impact test.

For steels B, BO, B2 and B4 a test should be made with Charpy V-notch specimens, taken in the direction of rolling with the notch perpendicular to the surface of the plate or product.
*Rounding off shall be done according rounding off numerical values (revised ). to the rules given in IS : 2-1960 Rules for

14

IS : 1570 ( Part II ) - 1979 Steels B, BO, B2 and B4 are characterized by an average Charpy impact value according to the following table: Steels
r---Specified UTS Range _~h-_,_---__--,--~

V-notch

370 to 520 MPa* r-m-7 TempeEnergy rature

500 to 700 MPa* c-------~ Energy Temperature (4) (5)

(1) B BO
B2

(2)

(3) C
27 0 -20 -40

J
28 28 28

J
40 28 40 28 40 28 40

C
27

-10
0 -30 -20 -50 -40

B4

. 28

following 6) Surface condilion -The indicate surface condition: Sl = deseemed or scarfed; s2 - descaIed;

symbols

shall

be used to

S3 E pickled ( including washing and neutralizing S4 = shot, grit or sand blasted; s5 = peeled ( skinned ); S6 = bright drawn or cold rolled; and 57 = ground.
NATE - If no symbol forged condition. is used, it shall mean that the surface

);

is in as-rolled

or as-

7) Formability

shali be used to indicate drawability: Dl - drawing quality, D2 = deep drawing quality, and D3 = extra deep drawing quality.

( applicable to sheet only ) -

The following

symbols

XOTE

-If

no

symbol

is used,

it

shall

mean

that

the steel

is of commercial

quality. +lMPa = lN/mmz = 0.102 0 ligf /mm2.

15

IS t 1570 ( Part II ) - 1979


8) Surface jnish ( ajplicable to sheet or@) - The f01 )wing symbols shall be used to indicate the surface finish: ?r. Fl = general purpose finish, Ii F2 = full finish,

F3 = exposed, F4 = unexposed, F5 = matt finish, F6 = bright finish, F7 = plating finish, F8 = unpolished finish, F9 = polished finish, FlO = polished and coloured blue, F 11 = polished and coloured yellow, F12 = mirror finish, F13 = vitreous enamel finish, and F14 = direct annealed finish. 9) Treatment -The the treatment Tl following symbols shall given to the steel: be used to indicate

= shot-peened,

T2 = hard-drawn, T3 = normalized*, T4 = controlled T5 = annealed, T6 = patented, rolled,

T7 = solution-treated, T8 = solution-treated T9 = controlled Tll TlO = bright annealed, = spherodized, T12 = stress-relieved, and and aged, cooled,

T13 = case-hardened*,

T14 = hardened and tempered.


NOTI:- If no symbol is used, it means that the steel is hot-rolled.
*Includes

tcmpcring, if done.

16

KS : 1570 ( Part n ) - 1979


Elspated temperature properties -For guarantee with regard to elevated temperature properties, the letter H shall be used. I- jwever, in the designation only the room temperature pJ operties shall be shown. Elevated temperature properties shall be intimated to the purchaser separately by the manufacturer.

Cryogenic quality-

For guarantee with regard to low temperature properties, the letter L shall he used. However, only the room temperature properties shall. be indicated in the designation. Semni-lciiled steei with nverzge 0.25 percent carbon and 0.5 percent manganese content and resistance to brittle fracture grade BO. Steel with average 0.45 percent carbon, 1 percent manganese and guaranteed fusion weldable.

Examples: 2X3X

45C:OW

17

IS : 1570 ( Part II ) - 1979 ( Confinwd from fige 2 )


Members
SuRI M. I~.
DUTT.4

Reprtsenf~ng
Steel Authority of India Plant ), Durgapur Ltd

( Durgapur Steel

&RX R. c. Jrra ( Akmatc ) J o I N T D I n E c T o R ( MET ), Ministry of Railways RESEAROE DESIGNS & STANDARDS ORQANIZATION ASSISTART DIRECTOR ( MS ) ( Alfernatc ) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay DR N. KONDAL RAN SERI K. BALARAYAMOORTHY ( Alternate ) Bihar Alloy Steels Ltd, Ranchi DB N. Moalw Alloy Steels Producers Association of India, Dn R.V. PATHY' Bombay Iron & Steel Control, Calcutta SHRI M. K. PRA~XA~IE Heavy Engineering Corporation Ltd, Ranchi SIIRI R. C. PRASAD Snrcr D. K. DAS ( Al~rmatc ) Association of Indian Automobile Manufacturers, Srrnr A. K. ROY Bombay SERI A. R. V. SE~RAE~ANIAN Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Khopoli DR G. VENKATARAAXAN Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. Tiruchchirappalli

lDr R. V. Paths Is also alternate Co Lt,d, Khopoli.

to Shd A. E. V. Sobrnmnnlan

represecting

Mahindra

U&e

Steel

18

AMENDMENT

NO. 1
TO

DECEMBER 1989

IS : 1570 ( Part 2 ) - 1979 SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS


PART 2 CARBON STEELS ( UNALLOYED STEELS )

/ First Revision )
( Cover page, Pages 1 and 3, title ) -

Substitute

the following

for the

existing

title:

Indiun Standard

SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS


PART With 2 CARBON STEELS ( UNALLOYED STEELS ) Section 1 Wrought Products ( Other Than Wires ) Specified Chemical Composition and Related Properties
( Cover page and all other pages, designation ) -

Substitute

the following

for the existing

designation: IS : 1570 ( Part 2/Set 1 )-1979

( SMDC

19 )
Printed at New India Printinn Press, Khuh India

IS : 1570(Part

2/Set 1) - 1979
( Reaffirmed 1998 )

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART 2 Section 1 CARBON STEELS (UNALLOYED STEELS)

Wrought Products ( Other Than Wires) With Specified Chemical Composition and Related Properties

(:

First Revision )

( Third Reprint JANUARY 1999 ( Incorporathg Amendment No. 1)

UDC

669.14

(083.4

0 Copyright 1999 BUREAU


MANAK

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS
ZAFAR MARG

BHAVAN,

9 BAHADUR SHAH NEW DELHI 110002

Gr 5

October 1979

1s : 1s7o(Paft

2/set 1) - 1979

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART 2 CARBON STEELS (UNALLOYED STEELS) Section 1 Wrought Products (Other Than Wires) With Specified Chemical Composition and Related Properties (

First Revision )
19
Repesmling Steel Authority Durgapur Guest, National The Tata Keen, of India Ltd (Alloy Steels Plant ),

Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee, SMDC


Chairman DR G. MUKHERJEE

S~nr

A. N. BISW,\S SH~I S. K. BASU ( Alter&e) Saar B. C. BISWAS SRRI A. M. BISWAS ( dlfernarc ) SHRI P. K. CEIAKIZAVAHTY DR T. MUKHERJEE ( Alternate)
SHRI P. K. CHATTCKJEE

Williams

Ltd, Howrah Calcutta

Test House,

Iron & Steel Co Ltd, Jamshedpur

,_ MifiTtry of Defence ( DC1 ) SHI~I P. K. GAN~OPADHYAY ( Auernare ) Nationa! Metallurgical Laboratory (CSIR ), SHRI K. M. CI~AUDIIU~Y Jamshedpur The Visvesvaraya Iron & Steel Ltd, Bhadravati SHnI DASARATIIA SHRI B. C. BASAVA~AJ (Alternate ) Ahmedabad Advance Mills Ltd, Navsari SHRI S. V. D~TAR SRRI M. K. Gnosn ( AItemate) The Indian Tool Manufacturers Ltd, Bombay SHRI h. D. DIAS Steel Authority of India Ltd ( Alloy Steels Plant ), SHBI M. K. DATTA Durgapur SHRI R. C. JHA ( Alternale ) Directorate General of Supplies & Disposals SHRI S. B. GUPTA ( Inspection Wing), New Delhi SIIRI P. K. GYNE ( Affernafe ) JOINT DIRECTOR (MET), RESEARCH Ministry of Railways DESIQNS AND STANDARDS ORGANIZATION D~PIJTY DIRECTOX ( MET-II_), RDSO ( Alfernate ) ( Continued on page 2 )

@ Copyrighf 1979
BUREAU OF 1NDIAN STANDARDS This publication is prorertrd under the Indian Co$yigL Act ( XIV of 1957) and reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the oublisher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act.

IS : 1570(Part

2/Set 1) - 1979

( contimsed~ompage1 )
Members S. R. KHARE SHBI V. N. PANDAY ( Ahnate ) SERI R. S. KOTHAWALE Saab S. S. LAKKUNDI ( Allcraals) DE D. P. LAEIBI SHBI I. N. BHATIA ( Afremek ) SHRI K. N. bfEHl%A SRRI D. K. DAS ( Altmafr ) SHEI L. MIEEBA S~sr Indian Bharat Register Reprcseafing of Shipping, Bombay Pune

Forge Co Ltd, Mundhwa, of Defence Engineering (R & D ) Corporation

Ministry Heavy

Ltd, Ranchi

Directorate General of Technical Development, New Delhi San1 M. K. BANERJEE ( Al&mu&) Ashok Leyland Ltd, Madras Saul A. PADMANABHAN Firth India Steel Co Ltd, Thane SEaI I. M. PA1 Saxr B. M. PA1 ( Aftmatc ) Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombayj and Alloy Dg R. V. PATEY Steel Producers Association of India, Bombay SHRI R. NARAYANA ( Al&mate ) Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombay Iron & Steel Control, Calcutta SHRI M. K. PRAMANIK SARI S. S. SAHA ( A&mats ) Research & Development Centre for Iron and DE V. RAMASWAYY Steel ( HSL ), Ranchi SHRI S. R. MEDIRATTA ( Altcmafe ) Hindustan Machine Tools Ltd, Bangalore Sanx M. RAN~ASHAI San1 SANJIT SEN (AIlmate I) SwnrP. RAMA PBASAD ( AIlera& II ) The Tata Engineering and Locomotive Co Ltd, SEEI A. K. ROY SHRI D. SIZINIVASAN Da S. K. CEATTEBJEE ( Altmafc) SHRI Y. C. SIJBRAHWANYA SHRI K. S. VAIDYANATHAN SARI C. J. DAVE ( Altmate ) SRB~ C. R. RAMA RAO, Director ( Strut & Met )

DR S. K. MONDAL ( Alternuls)

Jamshedpur

Steel Furnace

Association

of India,

Calcutta

Ministry of Defence ( DGOF ) M. N. Dastur & Co Pvt Ltd, Calcutta Director hretary General, IS1 ( Ex-ofiio Member )

SHRI VIJAY KUMAR Assistant Director ( Metals ), IS1

Subcommittee for the Revision of Schedule for Wrought Steel for General Engineering Purposes, SMDC 19 : 5

San1 P. K. CEAKRAV~TY Membm


SERI

The,Tata

Iron i?z Steel Co Ltd, Jamshedpur

SHRI S. K. BABU P. K. CRATTERJEE Sunr M. K. SEN ( Alternafa )

Guest, Keen, Williams Ltd, Howrah Ministry of Defence ( DGI ) ( Coatinued on page 18 )

IS : 1!57O(Part 2/Set 1) - 1979

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART 2 CARBON STEELS (UNALLOYED STEELS\ Section 1 Wrought Products (Other Than Wires) With Specified Chemical Composition and Related Properties

( First Revision )
0. FOREWORD
0.1 This Indian Standard ( Part II ) ( First Revision ) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 5 March 1979, after the draft finalized by the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee had been approved by the Structural and Metals Divisjon Council.

0.2 Schedules for wrought steels for general engineering purposes ( IS :

1570-1961 ) was first published in 1961. On the basis of the experience gained in the production and use of steels, the Sectional Committee has The other parts of decided to revise the standard and issue it in parts. the standard are as follows: Part I Steels specified by tensile and/or yield properties Part III Carbon and carbon manganese free cutting steels Part IV Alloy steels ( excluding stainless and heat-resisting steels ) Part V Stainless and heat-resisting steels* Part VI Tool steels, 0.3 The following major modifications have been made in this revision: a) Steel designations have been modified in -accordance with IS : 1762 ( Part I )-1974t. However, for the sake of easy identification old designations are also given within brackets. b) New grades 2C2, 5OC8,6OC6 have been added. c) .Manganese content of grades CO5 ( 5C4 ), C55 ( 55C4 ), and C60 ( 6OC4 ) have been modified. d) Mechanical properties for cold-drawn bars given in Table 3 have been modified on the basis of experience gained.
*Already published as IS : 1570 ( Part V )-1972. tCode for designation of steels: Part I Based on letter symbols.

: %7o(p8tt

2/&C

1) - 1979

0.4 This schedule does not give limits for sulphur and phosphorus. These have to be specified in the detailed specifications. The standard ranges for sulphur and phosphorus and the method for designating steel according to its sulphur and phosphorus content, steel making practice and method of deoxidation is detailed in Appendix A for information. 0.5 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with IS : 2-1960*. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard. 1. ScofE

1.1 This schedule ( Part II ) is applicable to standards for carbon steels when it is necessary for the steel to be supplied to a composition within reasonably defined limits. This schedule is not intended to be used as a standard. 1.1.1 This schedule may be used for ordering steels provided specification is available for the particular steel.
2. GENERAL no detailed

2.1 While

or revising existing standards, preparing Indian Standards, steels listed in this schedule shall be selected. The specification of mechanical properties different from those. given in this schedule should not be made unless special conditions of service render this essential. In that event, full reasons for the proposed departure from the steels specified in this schedule shall be submitted to the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee, SMDC 19, and its approval obtained. 2.2 In addition to specified mechanical properties, ranges for carbon and manganese are, laid down in the schedule ( see Table 1 ), but as in many cases, the steels of lower carbon content are required as rimming, semikihed or killed steel depending on the subsequent manipulation and conditions of service, the silicon content has not~been specified. Where necessary, the silicon content or the type of steel, for example, killed, semi-killed, Since different levels of sulphur etc, should be included in the standard. and phosphorus are required according to the severity of the conditions in service, limits for these elements are also not included in the schedule but should be specified in a specification at levels appropriate to the method of steel production, conditions of service, etc.
*Rules for rounding off numerical values (rcvhcd).

IS : 157O(Paft TABLE i
(IPECIPPID CARBOhIAND

2/Set

1)

1979

MANGANESE LIMITS

STE~CL DWIWATION [ SC6IS: 1762 (PABT I)-19741 ~_-_-_-_---_~

PBlWQtT

Mn

hBCBNT
(4) 0.40 &fax 0.40 1wix 050 Mu 0.50 Md* 040-0-70 0*30-0.60 0-60990 0*60-090 0~30-0%0 0%0-o-90 0+0-090 ~3O-O%g o%O-0.90 0%0-O% 0*60@0 O-30-O-60 060-0~ 1~10-140 030-060 o%O-0.90 O%W60 ~50-0*80 050-0-80 0*50-0.80 0.50.0.80 @50-O-80 0.50-O-80 0*50-O-80 0*50-0.80

New
2c2 4c2 ~5C4 7C4 lOc4 14c6 l5c4 15c8 2oc8 25C4 25C8 3oc8 3m 35c9 4oc8 45C8 5oc4 5Oc8 5OC12 55c4 5503 6Oc4 6OC6 65C6 7OC6 75C6 8OC6 85C6 98C6 llYC6

Old

(1)

(2)
(co5) (co7) (-Cl0 ) (Cl4) (C15) (C15Mn75) (c20) (~25) ( C25MnE (C30) (C35) ( C35Mn75 (C40) (C45) (C50) (CSOML (C55) ( C55Mn72) (C60) (0) (C70) (C75) (C80) (C85) (C98) ( Cl13 ) )

(s-4~)

(3) 0.05 &&TX 0.09 Mai *lo Max 0.12 Max O-15 Max &IO-O*18 0.20 Max 0*10-O-20 0-15-025 0*20-0*30 ocm0.30 O-25-0-35 @30;040 9.3~040 @35-0.45 O-40-050 0-45-O-55 0.45.q55 O-45-0.65 0.50.0.60 @50-OfrJ 0.55-0.65 0.55~0.65 @60-O-70 0*65-0.75 0*70-0.80 0.75-0.85 0.80.0.90 090-1.05 1.05-l-20

IS : 48S2,4397 IS IS

040-0%6

5489 IS : 1812 IS :;U&lj, 6y27, IS

: 1812,2879,4432 : 1875, 2004, 4432,


1875,

: 1875,2004
-

9 -

IS : 1875, 2004, 3930, 5517, 6967 IS : 1875, 2004, 3930, 5517,6967 IS : 1t;X,7 2004, 3930, IS : 5517,7226, 7283 IS : 1875,2004, 2507, 3930, 3261,5517 . IS : 5517 IS IS

: 2507, 3885, 3930 : ;8;;


7226.8054.8055 3445; 5517,

4072 IS : 2507,4072,7226 IS : 2507, 3885 IS : 2507.4072 IS : 2507,7226 IS ~2507, 3195, 7226 IS : 3195

IS

: 1875, 2004,2507,

IS : 1570(Part

2Bec 1) - 1979

2.3 This schedule includes specified tensile properties applicable to the different conditions, for example, Table 2 gives values for the hot-rolled or These values are based on ruling sections up to normalized conditions. 150 mm and for larger sizes,some adjustment of the specified tensile range for a particular range of composition, or conversely, of the specified composition for a particular range .of tensile strength, may be necessary. Mechanical properties for cold-drawn bars and for hardened and tempered bars and forgings, together with the &es, to which these properties are applicable are given in Tables 3 and 4. Table 5 gives-the properties for case-hardening steels, that is, the properties obtainable in the core of casehardened parts after refining and quenching. Some of the steels are used in the form of sheet and strip and tubes and the tensile properties of these are given in Tables 6, 7 and 8. For some purposes, a minimum yield stress is regarded as specification requirement and minimum yield stress values are, therefore, given for some of the physical conditions for inclusion in specifications, if required. Information on the assessment of the ruling section of bars, forgings and parts is given in Tables 9 and 10. 2.4 In addition, values for the specified minimum percentage elongation -corresponding to the specified tensile ranges are included. Different types of test pieces are used for the tensile test depending on the form of the material; for example, flat test pieces for thin plates, sections and flat bars; unniachined Found test pieces for small size round bars; and machined round test pieces for thicker plates, for larger size round bars and for square bars, and forgings. Since the percentage elongation depends on the relation between the gauge length and the cross-sectional area of the test piece, specified minimum values for the percentage elox?gation for the different types of test pieces are included in the schedule. These elongation values given are based dn a gauge length of 5*65drwhich is now internationally accepted. If test pieces of other than 5*6Wxgauge length are used, elongation conversion may be obtained from IS : 3803-1974*. 2.5 For tensile tests on tubes, the specified percentage elongation should be based on the recently adopted formulae of either ,950 divided by !the actual tensile strength in kgf /mm* when using a gauge length equivalent to P65dxor of 1 100 divided by the actual tensile strength in kgf /mm* when using a gauge length equivalent to 44x 2.6 The notch toughness of steels after hardening and tempering is sometimes assessed by an impact test and values for incorporation in speci&ations; if required, are given in the relevant tables of the schedule,
*Method for elongation conversions for steel (jut revision).

IS : 1570(Part

2/Set

1) - 1979

TABLE 2 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR PLATES, SEGTIONS, BARS, BILLETS AND FORGINGS IN THE HOT-ROLLED OR NORMALIZED CONDITION ( Clause 2.3)
DESIGNATION
~_____A-__~

TENSILE STRENGTH Old (2) (3) MPa* 320-400 340-420 370.458 370490 420-500 448-520 448-548 470-570 500-600 520-620 550-650 580680 630-7 10 660-780 720 Min 720 Min 750 Min 750 Min

ELONQATIO& PEBCENT,Min

New
(1) 7c4 lOC4 14C6 15c4 15C8 2OC8 25C4 25C8 3OC8 35c4 35C8 4OC8 4568 5oc4 5oc13 55C8 6OC4 65C6

(4)

(C07) (ClO) (Cl4) (C15) ( Cl5MnZ_5 ) (C20) ( C25 ) ( C25MnF

27 26 26 25 25 24 23 22 21 20 20 18 15 13 11 13 11 10

(C30) (C35) ( C35Mn7J ) (C40) (C45) (C50) ( C50Mnl) ( C55Mn75) (C60)(C65)

NOTE- Minimum values for the yield stress may be required in certain specifications and in such cases-a minimum yield stress of 55 percent of the minimum tensile strength should be satisfactory. +lMPa = lN/mme = O-1020 kgf/mme.

2.7 The specified mechanical properties are applicable to test samples taken from a standard location which should be included in the specification. 2.8 Any tests, for example, bend test, flattening tests on tube, etc, additional to the tests given in this schedule should also be specified in the standard as appropriate.

TABLE 3

SPECIFIED

TENSILB LIMITS FOR COLD-DRAWN BABS [ Clauru 0.3(d) and 2.3 ]

DEBIQNATION cl----y New Old

UP #---A---_~ Tensile Strength


Min

TO 20 XIim

Ovm 20 mm

UPTo4Omm Elongation c--hp-l Percent, Min Tensile Strength bfin (4) 11 11 10 9 8 7 7 (5) MPa@ 450 510 510 570 610 630 690 Elongation Percent, Min (6) 13 13 12 10 9 8 8

OvEa 40 mm UP TO 63 mm Tensile---y Zgth (7) MPa* 410 470 470 530 570 610 670 Elongation Percent, iUia (8) 15 15 15 12 10 9 9

s
0-s
r---7

63 mm

I!

Tensile Strength iuia (9) MPa* 360 430 430 490 540 590 630

Elongation f Percent, ~Uin t 3 (10) 18 18 18 15 12 10 10

00

(1) 1oc4 15C8 2OC8 3OC8 4OC8 5oc4 55C8

(2) (ClO) (C15Mn%) (C20) (C30) (C40) (C4.0) ( C55Mnz)

(3) MPa+ 490 540 540 610 640 670 730

*IMPa = lN/mma = O-1020 kgf/mm%

IS : 1570(Part 2/Set 1) - 1979


TABLE 4 SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIBS FOR BARS AND FORGINGS IN THE HARDBNBD AND TBMPERBD CONDlTION
( Claus&2.3 ) r--> New DESIONATION TENSILE STWN~TH
(1r

Old

YIRLD STREsfB

Min

ELONGATION, PERCENT,

Mill

IZOU IMPACT
VALUE, Ma

LIMITING RULTN~
SECTlOlZ

sPlroxrIED) (IS

SFEOUIED) (6) Joules 55 55 41 35 :: (7) mm 30 63 100 30 .lOO 30 63 30

(1) 3OCJ3 35C8

(2) (C3O) ( C35Mns)

(3) MPae 600-750 600-750

(4) MPae rww) 400

(5) 18 18 18 17 ::

44x8
45c8 5oc4 (C5O) 700-850 800-950 46O 540

15 1s 15 13

*IMPa

= lN/mmr I 0.102 0 kgf/mm%

TABLB 5s;~S~D~CHANICAL

REFINED

PROPERTIBS FOR CASE-HARDENING AND QUENCHED CONDITION ( CORE PROPERTIES ) ( Cku.u 2.3 )
IZOD IVPA~T VALUE, Min (II SPWI~IED) (5) Joules 55 55 55 LIXITIN~ RULING SECTION (6) mm 15 Over 15 U$F 30

DESIGNATION -&---_y r-New Old

TENSILBI STSENQTE, Min (3) MPa* 500 500 500 500

ELONGATION, PEWENT, Min (4) 17

(1)
lOC4 14c6 15c8 2oc8

(2)
(ClO) (Cl4) (C15Mn75) (C2O)

17 17 16

55

30

llMPa = lN\mm* = O-1020 kgf/mma.

IS : 1570(Part

2/Set

1) - 1979
AND

TABLE 6 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR MILD STEEL SHEET STRIP IN THE COLD-ROLLED AND ANNEALED CONDITION ( Clause2.3 ) DESIGNATION _--h--_-y New Old TENSILE STREFXITH Min

E~~NCUTION, PERCENT, Min, TEST PIECE, WIDTH 12.5 mm, GAUQB LENQTH 50 mm (4) 28 28 25 25

(1)
7c4 1oc4 15c4 2OC8

(2)
(CO71 (Cl01 (C5) (C20)

(3) MPa* 300-380 320-400 320-440 390-510

llMPa = lN/mma = O-102 0 kgf/mmR

TABLE

SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR MILD STEEL SHEET STRIP IN THE COLD-ROLLED CONDITION ( Clause 2.3 )

AND

DESIGNATION T__-* ---7 New Old (1) (2)

CONDITXON

TENSILE STRBN~TE (4) MPa+ 390-470 470-570 570 Min

(3) r Quarter hard

1x4

(Cl51

(I iZtfhard = 0.102 0 kgf/mm%

llMPa = lN/mme

10

IS : 1570(Part
TABLE COLD-DRAWN

2/Set

1) - 1979

8 SPECIFIED -TENSILE LIMITS FOR, TUBES IN THE AND ANNEALED CONDITION AND IN THE COLD-DRAWN OR COLD-DRAWN AND TEMPERED CONDITION ( Clause 2.3 ) COLD-DRAWN AND ANNEALED --_-m-7 Tensile Yield Strength, Stress, COLD-DRAWNOB COLD-DRAWN r---_-h---y Tensile Strength, EI,~N~ATIoN ~PEIICENT, Min

DESIQNATI~N r-h___-) New Old

ANDTEMPERED
Yield Stress,

Min (1)
14C6 15C4 15C8

Min
MPa* 170 220 250 280

Min (2)
MPa* 320

Mi?l
MPa*

(3)

(4)

MPa*

(5)

(6)

(7)

( C15Mn7.5 )

440
~520 500

33
42 46

1 2;;

on gauge length = 5*651/T or

2OC8
25C8 2X4 35c4 35C8

(C20)-(C&!n!75 _> ( &-it\5 ) ) ) 1 J

370
390 440

I
-!l!F

580 700

47 60

on gauge length

5OC12 ( C50Mnl 45c:a (C45)_


*lMPa TABLE

520

340

= lN/mma

= 0.102 0 kgf/mms.

! 1 J

= 41/A

9 CONVERSION INTO EQUIVALENT


OF

OF RECTANGULAR AND SQUARE SECTIONS RULING SECTIONS, OIL QUENCHING

\~IDTIi

SECTION

( Claw 2.3 ) THICKNESSOFSECTICIN ______---__L--_--_-_------_---\ 40 50 60 80 10 20 30 mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

100 mm (9) mm -

120 mm (10) mm -

140 . mm (11) mm

DIAMETER O~EQUIVALENTROUNDS
mm :x 4: 50

(1)

mm

(2)
10 14 17 16 17

(3) mm ;; 22: 31

mm

(4)

(5) mm -

(6) mm -

(7) mm -

s
40 43 46 47 48 48 48 48 :t 48 49

(3) mm .-

1:; 63 63 63 63 5: 63 77 77 78 :: 7788 9, 91 z; 92 !z

117 108 125 131 136 140 143 145 148 150

::
100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 300 350 and over x

ii 17
:: 17 17 :: 17 17 ::

32 32
3333 33 33 z 53 :: 33

87

130 146 148 154

l:i2

48

108 112 115 117 119 120 121 121

X X X % X

X X X X X X X

Greater than 160 mm.

11

IS : 157O(Part 2/Set 1) - 1979

TABLE 10 CONVERSION OF RECTANGULAR AND SQUARE SECTIONS INTO EQUIVALENT RULING SECTIONS, AIR COOLING ( C&use 2i3 )
WIDTH OF SECTION THICENEFMor SBCTION

10 mm

20 mm

30 mm

40 mm

50 mm

60 mm

80 mm

100 mm

120 mm

140 . mm

DIAMETEB OF EQUIVALENT ROUNDS (1) mm

(21 (3)
mm 10 13 15 16 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 18 20 20 24 27 29 30 32 33 34 34 34 35 35 35 36 37 39

(4) mm

(5) mm

(6) mm

(7) mm

03)
mm

(9)
mm

(10) (11) mm mm 122 132 140 148 154 x x x x __c 142 152 x x x x x x

10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 390 350 and over

30 34 38 41 45 47 49 50 51 51 52 52 53 54 59

1w)

1
51 55 62 68 72 76 79 81 83 85 86 88 97

61 70 76 82 86 90 93 95 98 100 104 115 81 90 98 104 109 114 117 121 125 131 152

45 49 54 58 62 64 66 67 68 69 70 71 78

102 111 119 126 132 137 142 147 155


X

x Greater than 160 mm.

12

IS : 1570(Part

2/Set

1) - 1979

APPENDIX ( Clause 0.4 )

NEW SYSTEM OF DESIGNATION OF STEELS A-l. GENERAL A-l.1 The new system of designation of steel is based on the draft IS0 proposal submitted by India to ISO/TC 17 a Steel for formulation of an international standard. Details of the new designation system are given in IS : 1762 ( Part I )-1974*.
A-2. STEELS DESIGNATED COMPOSITION ON THE BASIS OF CHEMICAL

A-2.1 Unalloyed Steels ( as Defined in IS I 759&1974t ) - The code designation shall consist of the following in the order given: a) Figure indicating 100 times the average percentage of carbon content, b) Letter C , and c) Figure indicating 10 times the average percentage of manganese content. The figure after multiplying shall be rounded off to the nearest integer according to the rules given in IS : 2-1960$ d) If necessary, symbols indicating special characteristics as fellows: 1) Method of designationDepending on whethe: the steel is killed, semi-killed or rimming variety, the following symbols shall be used to indicate the steel making practice: i) R - rimming steel, and ii) K = killed steel.
NOTE If no symbol is used, it shall mean that the steel is of-semi-killed type.

2) Steel quality - The following symbols shall be used to indicate steel quality: Q1 = non-ageing quality, Q2 p= freedom from flakes, Q3 - grain size controlled,. Q4= inclusion controlled, and Q5 = internal homogeneity guaranteed.
*Code for designation of steels: Part I Based on letter symbols. *Classification of steels. JRules for rounding off numerical values (ret&i).

13

IS : 1570(Part

2/Set

1) - 1979 levels ( ladle

3) Degree of )wity-The sulphur and phosphorus analysis ) shall be expressed as follows: Symbol
_--___A-__---,

Maximum Content in Percent Phosphorus Sulphur 0.025 0.035 o-050 0*070 0.055

P25 P35 P50 P70 No symbol will mean

0.025 0.035 0.050 o-070 0.055

The above symbols use the letter P followed by 1000 times the maximum percentage of sulphur and phosphorus, In case the maximum contents of sulphur and phosphorus are not -same, the following procedure shall be followed: Symbol SP shall be used to indicate the levels followed by: a) 100 times integer. the maximum sulphur rounded off * to the nearest

b) 100 times &e maximum integer. Example:

phosphorus rounded off * to the nearest

= O-045 percent Maximum sulphur Maximum phosphorus = 0,035 percent Designation: SP 44. 4) Weldability guarantee - Guaranteed weldability of steel as determined .by tests mutually agreed between the supplier and the manufacturer shall be indicated by the following symbols: W = fusion weldable, and W1 = weldable by resistance welding but not fusion weldable. 5) Resistance to brittle fracture - Symbol * B , BO , B2 or x B4 indicating resistance to brittle fracture based on the results of the V-notch Charpy impact test, For steels B, ~BO, B2 and B4 a test should be made with Charpy V-notch specimens, taken in the direction of rolling with the notch perpendicular to the surface of the plate or product.
*Rounding off shall be done according ,rounding off numerical values (revtied ). to the rules given in 1s

: Z-1960Rules for

14

IS : 1570(Part 2/Set 1) - 1979 Steels B, BO, B2 and B4 are characterized by an average Charpy impact value according to the following table: Steels
Secijied UTS Range -------------T r__________-_h_ 500 to 700 MPa* 370 to 520 MPa*

V-notch

~~~~~~-_~~ Energy (2)

Temperature (3)
C 27 0

r-W----_A--,~ Energy (4)

Temperature (5)
C 27

(1) B BO B2 B4

J
28 28

J
40 28 40

-10
0

28 28

-20 -40

28 40 28 40 symbols

-30 -20 -50 -40 shall be used to

6) Surface condition - The following indicate surface condition: Sl = deseemed or scarfed;

S2 = descaled; s3 = pickled ( including washing and neutralizing S4 = shot, grit or sand blasted; S5 = peeled ( skinned ); S6 = bright drawn or cold rolled; and S7 = ground.

);

NOTE - If no symbol is used, it shall mean that the surface is in as-rolled or asforged condition. 7) Formability

shall be used to indicate drawability: Dl = drawing quality, D2 = deep drawing quality, and D3 = extra deep drawing quality.

( applicable to sheet only ) -

The following

symbols

NOTEquality. *lMPa

If no symbol

is used,

it shall

mean

that the steel is of commercial

= lN/mmg

= 0,102 0 kgf/mm?

15

IS : 1570(Part

2/Set 1) - 1979
symbols

8) Surface jnish ( upjdicable to sheet only) -

The following shall be used to indicate the surface finish: Fl I general purpose finish,

F2 = full finish,
F3 = exposed, F4 = unexposed, F5 s matt finish, F6 F7 F8 F9 FlO = =i = = = = bright finish, plating finish, unpolished finish, polished finish, polished and coloured blue, polished and coloured yellow,

Fll F12 = mirror finish, F13 = vitreous enamel finish, and F14 = direct annealed finish.

9) Treatment-The following symbols shall the treatment given to the steel: Tl = shot-peened, T2 = hard-drawn, T3 = normalized*, T4 s controlled rolled, T5 = annealed,

be used to indicate

T6 = patented, T7 = solution-treated, T8 I solution-treated T9 = controlled TlO = bright annealed, T11 = spherodized, T 12 =is stress-relieved, T13 = case-hardened*, T14 s1 hardened
NOTIC -

and aged,

cooled,

and

and tempered.

If no symbol is used, it means that the steel is hot-rolled. if done.

*Includes

tempering,

16

1s : 1570(Parf

2/Set

1)

- 1979

10) Elevated tem#erature properties - For guarantee with regard to elevated temperature properties, the letter H shall be used. only the room temperature However, in the designation properties shall be shown. Elevated temperature properties shall be intimated to the purchaser separately by the manufacturer. 11) Cryogenic qualify- For guarantee with regard to low temperature properties, the letter L shall he used. However, only the room temperature properties shall be indicated in the designation. Examples: 21C5BO Semi-killed steel with average 0.25 percent carbon and 0.5 percent manganese content and resistance to brittle fracture grade BO. Steel with average 0.45 percent carbon, 1 percent manganese and guaranteed fusion weldable.

45ClOW

17

IS : 1570(Part 2/Set 1) - 1979


( Confind from -page2 ) MtTlbnS
Snxu M. K. DUTTA Steel

Representing
Authority of India Plant ), Durgapur Ltd ( Durgapur Steel

Snrtr R. C. JHA ( Alternate ) JOINT DIRECTOR (MET), MinistryofRailways RESEAROH DESIGNS & * STANDARDS ORQANIZATION ASSISTANT DIRECTOR ( MS ) ( Alternate ) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay DR N. KONDAL Rno SHRI K. BALARAMAYOORTHY ( Alternate ) Bihar Alloy Steels Ltd, Ranchi DR N. MOHAN Allov Steels Producers Association of India, DH R. V. PATHY* Bombay Iron & Steel Control, Calcutta SI~RI M. K. PRAMANIE Heavy Engineering Corporation Ltd, Ranchi S~IRI R. C. PRASAII SI~RI D. K. DAS ( Alferaate) Association of Indian Automobile Manufacturers, Srin~ A. K. ROY Bombay Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Khopoli SSllI A. R. V. SURRAMANIAN Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd, Tiruchchirappalli DR G. VENKATARAMAN

*Dr B. V. Psthy 00 Ltd. Khopoll.

is also

alternate to Shrl A. R. V. Eubramanlanrepresecting &hi&a

Uglne Steel

18

BUREAU

OF INDIAN

STANDARDS

Heedctuartem ,Manak Bhavan. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, NEW DELHI Telephones: 323 0131, 323 3375. 323 9402 Fax :91 113234062, 91113239399, 91113239382 110002

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( Reaffirmed 1995 )

IS : 1570 ( Part 2/Set 2 ) - 19W

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT FTEELS
PART Section 2 2 CARBON Carbon ( STEELS Steel Wires ( UNALLOYED with Related STEELS ) Properties

First Revision )
Steels Section-al
Steel Authority

Alloy

Steels and Special

Committee,

SMIIIC

19

Chairman DR G. MUKHERJEE Members

Repre:enfing of India Ltd, New Delhi

ADDITIONAL DIRECTOR ( MET ) Ministry of Railways JOINT DIRECTOR ( CHE~IICAL ) ( Alternate ) SHRI BALKRISKAN AGO ARWAL Federation of Engineering Industries of India SHRI H. S. GUPTA ( Allernalc ) M. N. Dastur & Co Pvt Ltd, Calcutta SHRI S. K. BASU SHRI C. J, DAVE ( Allcrnate ) SHRI J. N. BHATTACHARYYA National Test House, Calcutta SHRI S. C. BHAWAL ( Alternate ) Guest, Keen, Williams Ltd, Howrah SHRI A. K. CHAKRABORTY SHRI S. N. SARVAR ( Allernate ) SHRI D. K. DAS Heavy Engineering Corporation Ltd, Ranchi SHRI B. P. SINGH ( Alternate ) DEPUTY DIRECTOR INSPECTION Directorate General of Supplies & Disposals ( Inspection Wing ), New Delhi SHRI D. K. PAUI. ( Alternate) Indian Tool Manufacturers Ltd, Bombay SHRI A. D. DIAS Ahmedabad Advance Mills Ltd ( Special Alloy Steel, SHRI D. GADH _ Division ), Navsari SHRI ASIM CHATTEKJEE ( Alternate ) GENERAL MANAGER Mishra Dhatu Nigam Ltd, Hyderabad DR M. NA~ESEWAR RAO ( Alternate ) SHRI J. L. GOYAL Modern Steel Ltd, Mandi Gobind Garh SHRI R. C. JHA Alloys Steels Plant ( SAIL ), Durgapur Indian Register of Shipping, Bombay SHRI S. KUMAR SHRI VIPON CEIOPRA ( A/ternafe )

( Continued on page 2 ) BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS

This publication is protected under the Indian CoFyigh6 Act ( XIV of 1957 ) and reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the publisher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act.

IS : 1570 ( Part 2/Set 2 ) - 1987


( Continued from page l ) Members DR D. P. LAHIRI SRRI I. N. BR.QIA ( Alternate) SHRI LAXMAN MISHRA SHRI S. S. KHOSLA ( Alternate) DR T. MUKHERJEE SHRI A. N. MITRA ( Alternate) DR S. K. MONDAL Representing Ministry of Defame Directorate General New Delhi ( R&D of ) Development,

Technical

Tata Iron & Steel Co Ltd, Jamshedpur

and Locomotive Co Ltd, Tata Engineering Jamshedpur DR P. G. RENAVII~ER ( Alternate ) SHRI D. B. MOHORIL Steel Furnace Association of India, Calcutta DR K. SUBRAMANYAM ( Alternate) . SERI P. NARAIN Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombay SHRI C. R. SHAXXA ( Alternate ) SHRI I. K. NAYAR Firth ( India ) Steel Co .td, Thane SHRI K. A. SHEROY ( Alternate) DR R. V. PATHY Alloy Steel Producers Association of India, Bombay SHRI G. R. PRAKASIX Visvesvaraya Iron & Steel Ltd, Bhadravati SHRI B. HARIDASA ACHAR ( Alternate ) SHRI M. K. PRAE~~NIK Ministry of Steel & Mines ( Iron & Steel Control ), Calcutta SHRI S. S. SAHA ( Alternate ) SHRI RAG~UBIR SIN~H National Metallurgical Laboratory ( CSIR ), .Jamshedpur SHRI S. RAJAGOPALAN Addison & Co Ltd, Madras SHRI V. SRJNIVASAN ( Alternate ) DR V. RAM~SWAMY Research and Development Centre for Iron and Steel ( SAIL ), Ranchi SHRI S. R. M~DIRATTA ( Alternate ) SHRI H. S. RAMCHANDRA HMT Ltd SRRI P. RA~~A PRASAD ( Alternate I ) SHRI A. S~ANTHARAM ( Alternate II ) SHRI V. N. VEN~ATESAN ( Alternate III ) Modi Steels, Modi Nagar REPRESENTATIVE Ministry of Defence ( DGI ) SHRI M. K. SIN SHRI K. L. CRAKRAROTTY ( Alternate) Ministry of Defence ( OFB ) SHRI B. K. SHARMAH SHRI A. K. BANGA ( Alternate ) Director General, BIS ( Ex-o$Ecio Member ) SHRI B. MUKHIRJI, Director ( Strut and Met ) Secretary SHRI S. K. PANJA Assistant Director ( Metals ), BIS

( Continued on page 14 )

IS: 1570 ( Part 2jSec 2 ) - 1987

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT
PART Section 2 2 CARBON Carbon STEELS Steel Wires ( UNALLOYED with Related

STEELS
STEELS ) Properties

( First Revision )
0. FOREWORD
0.1 This
Indian Standard ( Part 2;Sec 2 ) ( First Revision ) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards on 25 .June 1987, after the draft finalized by the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee had been approved by the Structural and Metals Division Council.

0.2 Schedules, for wrought steels for general engineering purposes ( IS : 1570 ) was first published in 1961. On the basis of the experience gained in the production and use of steels, the Sectional Committee has decided to revise the standard and issue it in parts. The other parts of the standard are as follows: Part Part 1 Steels 2 Carbon ( other related 3 Carbon specified by tensile and/or yield properties. steels ( unalloyed steels ), Section 1 Wrouqht products than wires ) with specified chemical comI)osiiion and properties. and carbon manganese free cutting steels. steels ) with mechanical and spring and related

Part Part

4 Alloy steels ( alloy constructional specified chemical composition properties ( under revision ). 5 Stainless and heat resisting steels. 6 Alloy tool steels ( under revision ).

Part Part Part 0.3

temperature 7 Steels for elevated steels ) ( under rerhion ). major modifications values

services

( creep

resisting

The following a) Tensile

have been made instead

in this revision: of kg/mmz. types of wires

strength

are given in MPa

b) The detailed mechanical properties of different for various end use< have been included. 3

IS r 1570 ( Part 1. SCOPE

PjSec 2 > - 1987

1.1 This schedule ( Part 2iSec carbon steels for a wide variety
2. GENERAL

2 ) is applicable of purposes.

to

wire

produced

from

the necessary properties are produced in the wire by cold drawing rod or wire, after appropriate heat treatment, from a predetermined size to the required diameter. As the tensile strength thus attained is a function of both the initial and final diameters, by selection of a steel of suitable composition, appropriate preliminary heat treatment, for example, annealing or patenting; and appropriate initial diameter; a wide variety of tensile strengths may be obtained. in the The very high tensile strength can, however, only be attained smaller sizes owing to the large amount of cold drawing required. In many cases, it is sufficient to specify the tensile properties without specifying a chemical composition, other than the maximum permissible limits of sulphur and phosphorus, but when detailed chemical composition is considered necessary, these may be selected from steels in Part 2, Set 1 in relation to the diameter of the wire and the tensile strength level required. Table 1 specifies the tensile strength limits for mild steel wire while Tables 2 to 13 refer to drawn wire for wood screws, rivets, spokes and nipples, bead wire for tyres, staple pins, needles, umbrella ribs, split reeds and steel wire for aluminium conductors. The specified pins ten&e properties for hard drawn wire for ropes, upholstery springs, telegraph and telephone wires , cold formed springs, valve springs, etc, are covered in Tables 14 to 18. The hard drawn wires for prestressed concrete and concrete reinforcement are covered in Tables 19-22. Any wrapping tests, additional test, etc, should
1 SPECIFIED

2.1 In many cases,

to the tensile test, for example, torsion test, be specified in the standard as appropriate.
TENSILE LIMITS FOR MILD STEEL WIRE

TABLE

( Clause 2.1 ) CONI~ITION Annealed Soft drawn 3 Hard 4 Hard Hard TENSILE STRENGTH MPa 500 MUX 550 Max 450-650 600-800 700-959

IS : 1570 ( Part 2/Sec2


TABLE 2 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS AND MACHINE FOR WIRE SCREWS FOR WOOD

) * 1987
SCREWS

( Clause 2.1 ) TEPISILE ST~ESGTH MPa Wood screw Machine screw Grade Grade TABLE 3 II I 460 Min 440-590 590-780 FOR STEEL TO 20 mm ) WIRE FOR

SPECIFIED TENSILE PROPERTIES COLD-FORGED RIVETS ( UP ( Clause 2.1 ) TENSILE STRENGTH h4Pa

YIELD STn?ZSS MPa Min 160 190 STEEL

ELONGATIOX, PERCENT Min ( ON GAUGE LENGTH ) 5.65 d/ 30 20 WIRE FOR SP-OKES

Annealed As drawn TABLE 4

condition condition SPECIFIED

330-410 410-490 TENSILE

LIMITS FOR AND NIPPLES ( Clause 2.1 )

TENSI~ESTRESGTH MPa Spoke Nipple TABLE 5 SPECIFIED TENSILE PROPERTIES ( Clause 2.1 ) +$IZEOB WIRE TENSILE STRENGTII MPa ( Min ) ELONGATION AT 2Oy&m,~T 1 FOR 1 000-l 300

490-640 BEAD WIRE FOR TYRES

mm
0.965 1.80 1.83 249 1 860 1 470 720 1 720 1 420 wires shall be heated

Min 3 3 3 4 in superheated

NOTE - Bronze, brass and copper plated steam at 150C for one hour before testing. 1 MPa = 1 N/mm2 = 1 hlN/m*

= 0.102 0 kgf/mm2.

IS : 1570 ( Part Z/Set 2 ) - 1987


TABLE 6 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR STEEL WIRE FOR STAPLES, PINS AND CLIPS ( Clause2.1 ) TENSII,E STRENGTH MPa 1 2 3 TABLE 7 SPECIFIED TENSILEIJMLTS GRADE I II III TABLE 8 SPECIFIED TENSILE GRADE 1 2 3 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS 590-880 685-980 1 175-I 570 FOR STEEL WIRE FOR NEEDLES

TSPE

( Clause2.1 ) TENSILE STRENGTH MPa 610-730 630-760 490-690 FOR WIRE FOR UMBRELLA RIBS

( Clause2.1 ) TYPE OF WIRE Hardened/tempered As drawn As drawn TABLE 9 SIZE RANGE mm 1.60-3.00 1.60-4.00 160-250 PROPERTIES ( Clause2.1 ) NOMINAL SIZE (----h--_~ Over up to 1.6 4 16 4 GARDE LENGTH mm 125 250 8 times:the nominal .vze TENSILE STRENGTH MPa, Max 450 450 450 ELONGATION, PERCENT Min 10 10 20 TENSILE STRENGTII MPa

1 570-I 870
1 270-I 570 1 570-l 870

FOR WIRE FORLSPLIT

PINS

TABLE

10 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR STEEL WIRE FOR REEDS


( Clause2. I MPa 600-900

TENSILE STRENGTH

IS : 1570 ( Part 2/Set 2 ) - 1987


TABLE 11 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR STEEL WIRE FOR HEALD

( Clause 2.1 )

TENSILE STRENGTH
MPa 1 100 Allin a) b) 1 300-I 700 1 600-Z 000 1 I) Hardened and tempered

Patented and drawn

TABLE

12

SPECIFIED TENSILE PROPERTIES FOR DRAWN TINNED WIRE FOR BANDING ARMATURES AND ROTORS ( Clause 2.1 )

STEEL

TENSILE STRENGTH MPa, Min


1 760

@2 PERCENTPROOFSTRESS
MPa, Min 1 280

TABLE

13 SPECIFIED TENSILE PROPERTIES FOR ALUMINIZED CORE WIRE FOR ALUMINIUM CONDUCTORS ( ACSR ) ( Clnuse 2.1 )

STEEL

DIAXETEIL mm r---_--h----~
Over 1.25 2.24 ~3.15 3.55 3.75 up to 2.24 3-15 3.55 3.76

NOWNAL

TENSILE STRENQTH MPa,


Mh 1 275 1240 1 205 1 170 1 135

STRESS AT 1 PERCENT EXTENSION


Mtn MPa 1 170 1 100 1 030 1 000 930

ELONGATION PERCENT

Min ( Gauge Length = 250 mm ) 3.5 4.0 4.0 5.0 5.0

TABLE

14

SPECIFIED

TENSILE

LIMITS FOR FOR ROPES ( Clause 2.1 )

HARD

DRAWN

STEEL

WIRE

TENSILE DESIGNATION
1230 1420 15io 1770 1960

TENSILE STRENGTH MPa


1 230-I 620 1 420-I 810

1 570-l 960
1 770-Z 160 1 960-Z 340

IS : 1570 ( Part P/Set 2 ) - 1987


TABLE 15 SPECIFIED BREAKING LOAD FOR STEEL WERE FOR TELEGRAPH AND TELEPHONE ( Clnusc2.1 ) NOMINAL DIlMgTER mm 1.50 1.80 20 2.12 2.50 280 3.55 40 560 *The values arc based on nominal diameter of wire. BREAKINGLOAD*, N Min 660 940 1 160 1 305 1815 2 295 3 660 4 680 9 170

TABLE

16

SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR HARD WIRE FOR UPHOLSTERY SPRING ( Clause2.1 )

DRAWN

STEEL

NOMINAL DIAMETER mm 1.20 to 2.00 2.10 to 2.65 280 to 3.55 400

TENSILE STREXGT~X, MPa r-______h__-----_~ Grade I Grade II 1 700-2 000 1 550-l 750 1 450-I 650 1 450 Min 2 000 to 2 300 1 750-l 950 1 600-l 800 1 450 Min

TABLE

17 -PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF PATENTED AND COLD DRAWN STEEL WIRE FOR COLD FORMED SPRINGS ( Clause2.1 )

WIRE DI i\ ( NOMINAL) mm (1) 007 0.08 0.09 0.10

UNCOATED

TENSILE

r-G;axe-l-

STRENGTH,MPa, Min -----*-Gya-e-3-----;e; Grade 2 (3) (4) 2 550 2 540 2 530 2 530 (5) -

R+JDUC?~ION IN AREA, PERCENT, Min (6) ( Continued )

(2) -

IS : 1570 ( Part
TABLE 17 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES DRAWN STEEL WIRE FOR COLD UNCOATED WIRE DIA ( NOMINAL ) mm (1) 0.11 012 0.14 0.16 0.18 0.20 0.22 0.25 0.28 0.30 0.32 0.34 0.36 0.38 040 0.43 0.45 0.48 0.50 0.53 0.56 0.60 063 0.65 070 075 0.80 0.85 0.90 095 100 1.05 110

2/Set

2 ) - 1987

OF PATENTED AND COLD FORMED SPRINGS - Contd REDUCTION IN AREA, PERCEINT, Min

TENSILE STRENGTH,MPa, Min ~-_-_-_---h__--____~ Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4

P-9 1 720 1710 1 710 1 700 1 700 1 700 1 690 1 680 1 680 1 670 1 660 1 660 1 650 1 640 1 640 1 630 1 620 1 610 1 600 1 590 1 580 1 570 1 560 1 550

(3) 2 060 2 050 2 050 2 040 2 040 2 040 2 030 2 020 2 020 2 010 2 000 2 000 1 990 1 980 1 980 1 970 1 960 1 950 1 930 1 920 1910 1 900 1 890 1 880

(4) 2 520 2 520 2 510 2 500 2 500 2 490 2 480 2 470 2 460 2 460 2 450 2 450 2 440 2 430 2 430 2 420 2 410 2 400 2 390 2 380 2 370 2 360 2 340 2 330 2 320 2 300 2 280 2 260 2 250 2 250 2 240 2 210 2 190

(5:

(6)

2 700 2 680 2 670 2 660 2 660 2 650 2 640 2 630 2 620 2 620 2 610 2 600 2 590 2 580 2 570 2 560 2 550 2 540 2 540 2 530 2 500 2 480 2 460 2 440 2 420 2 400 2 3801 2 3701

-_ 40 ( Continued)

IS : 1570 ( Part

P/Set 2 ) - 1987
OF PATENTED AND FORMED SPRINGS COLD Contd

TABLE 17 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES DRAWN STEEL WIRE FOR COLD UNCOATED WTRE nr A ( N&INAL )
mm

TENSILE STRENQ~H, MPa, Min -_------_h_-_-,-__-~ Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4

REDUCTION IN AX-EA, PORTEND, Min

(1)
1.20 1.25 1.30 1.40 1.50 1.60 170 l-80 190 20 2.1 2.25 2.40 2.5 2.6 ;:: ;:; 33:: 4.0 4.25 45 4.75 5.0 5.3 5% ;:3 6.5 7.0 ;:; 8.5
90

(2)
1 540 1 530 1 520 1 500 1 490 1 470 1 460 1 440 1 430 1 420 1410 1 400 380 370 1 360 1 340 1 320 1 310 290 270 1 260

(3) 1 860 1 850 1 840 1820 1 800 1 780 1 760 1 750 1 730 1 720 1 700 1 680 1 660 1 640 1 620 1 600 1 570 1 550 530 : 510 1 490 480 460 440 420 390 370 350 320 310 290 260 250 220 200 1 180 1 150 1 130 1 100 1 080 1 040 1 030 1 020 990 970
960

(4) 2 170 2 140 2 130 2 110 2 100 2 080 2 050 2 030 2 010 1 990 1 960 1 940 1910 1 890 1 860 1 840 1 830 1 790 1 760 1 750 1 720 1 700 1 680 1 660 1 620 600 570 550 530 1 500 1 480 1 460 1430 1 400 1 370 1 350 1310 1 290 -

(5) 2350 2 300 2 290 2 260 2 250 2 220 2 190 2 180 2 160 2 130 2 100 2 070 2 050 2 030 2 000 1 980 1 960 920 i
890

(6)

40

860

250 250 1 230 1 210 190 170 150 130 120 110 090 070 050 020 1 000 990 980 1 MPa = 1 N/mm

840-l 820 , 800 1 770 1 1 750 1 1 720 ) 1 690 1 1 670 / 1 640 I 1 6201 16lOJ 1 570 1 1 540 ! 1 500 t 14801

1
35

30

110 120 12.5 13.0 14.0 15.0 16.0 17.0

*E 10.5

950 = 1 MN/m2

NOTE 1 -

= 0.1 020 kgf/mm2.

NOTE 2 -The maximum tensile strength of a particular grade shall be the minimum tensile strength of the next higher grade subject to a maximum range of In case of Grade 4, the 250 N/mm2 between the maximum and the minimum. higher limit may be mutually agreed to between the purchaser and the manufacturer.

10

IS : 1570 ( Part 2/Set 2 ) - 1987


TABLE 18 TENSILE PROPERTIES OF OIL HARDENED AND TEMPERED SPRXNG STEEL WIRE AND VALVE SPRING WIRE ( Clause2.1 ) WIRE DIA ( NOMINAL ) TOLERANCE TENSILE STKENGIH, MPa, Min, BOB GRADES r -__--h__--~ VW SW (4) (3) 1 760 -f 0.015 I &O --____.._-__1 720 120 1 670 1 s90 1 620 1 %O REDUCTION IN AREA, PERCENT, Min, FOR GRADES (------h_---~ SW VW (5) (6)

727 1.00 105 I.10 1.20 I.25 1.30 1.40 150 160 1.70 1.80 190

& 0.020

1 670 1 zo
-

1 570 1 &o 45 45

;:y 2.25 2.4 25 22:; ------_ --_--_ 3.0 3.2 & 0.030

1 620 I$0 ----__---___ 1 570 1 f7020 1 520

1 520 1 tzo 1 470 l%O 1 430 1 t5030 i 1 400 1 ?oo -_-_-__--__-_42 ------_--_.-_42

--.--__

--

3.4 ---____ 33:; ----------__ -----__ 40 425 z5 5.0 * 0.04

1 I%0

-------__--__
1 480

1 fGo30

_-w-m--_____ 1 440 to 1 590 1 370 l%O

-----_

--.--_--__-___-_
1 400 1 340 lf400 40 40 ( Continued)

2:; v--w-_ 6.0

-& 0.06

1 &o

11

IS :1570(PartP/See2 ) -1987
TABLE WIREDIA (NOMINAL) 6.3 ------_65 7.0 75 _---__80 -----__ 8.5 _______ 90 9.5 -----me100 I__-___10 5 110 12.0 125 13.0 14.0 NOTE -lN/mm* 18 TENSILE PROPERTIES OF OIL HARDENED AND TEMPERED SPRING STEEL WIRE AND VALVE SPRING WIRE - Contd TOLERANCE TENSILESTRENOTH, MPa, Min, ROK GRADES 1 360 $0 1 300 ltiOO REDUCTIONIN AREA, PERCENT, Min, BOR. GRADES 40 j--_......---_--_-_ 38 40 38

& 0.06

__---_--_--I
1 290 l &o ------__---_ -

I
-___-_-

--------__f 0.08

_-----

_______-___ 1 250 * 0.12 l%O -

I
I

35

_
:

= lMN/mz

= 0*102Okgf/mm2.

TABLE

19

SPECIFIED

TENSILE LIMITS FOR PRESTRESSED

FOR HARD CONCRETE

DRAWN

STEEL

WIRE

( Cluusc 2.1 ) NOMINALDIADZETEP. mm 3.25 400 NOTE 5.00 1 N/mm2 = 1 MN/m2 = 0*1020kgf/mm*. TENSILE STRENGTH MPa Min 1 765 1715 1 570

12

IS : 1570 ( Part 2/Set 2 ) - 1987


TABLE 20 SPECIFIED RELIEVED TENSILE LIMITS FOR COLD DRAWN WIRE FOR PRESTRESSED CONCRETE ( Cfausc 2.: ) AND STRESS

NOMINAL DrAnwrx:lr mm
2.50 3.00 4.00 5.00 7.00 8.00

TENSILE STRENGTH, MPa


2 010 1 860 1715 1 570 1 470 1 370

Min

ELONQATION, PERCENT
Mm ( GL 200 mm ) 2-50 250 390 4-00 490 400

TABLE

21

SPECIFIED WIRE

TENSILE PROPERTIES FOR HARD FOR CONCRETE REINFORCEMENT ( Clause 2.1 )

DRAWN

STEEL

TENSILE STRIZNGTII
MPa ,~.. 570, Min _:

0.2PERCENT PUOOF
STRESS MPa * .I 480, Min

ELONQATION, PERCENT (GLBD) 7.5 Min

TABLE

22 SPECIFIED TENSILE PROPERTIES FOR INDENTED DRAWN STEEL WIRE FOR PRESTRESSED CONCRETE ( Clause 2.1 )

HARD

NOMINAL

DIAMW~EI~. TENSILE STRENGTH


Min

0.2PERCENT PROOF
STRESS, Min

ELONGATIONPERCENT, Min (GL200mm)

mm 5.00 4.00 3.00

M Pa 1 570 I715 1 860

MPa 1 335 1 460 1 580

3.5 3 2-5

13

IS : 1570 ( Part 2/Set 2 ) - 1987 ( Cxztinued from page 2 ) Subcommittee


CO?lW?lH

for Revision of IS : 1570, SMDC I9 : 5


Rcpressnting M. N. Dastur & Co Pvt Ltd, Calcutta

SHRI P. K. CAAKRAVARTY Members


SHRI A.K.

CEAKRAVORTY Guest, Keen, Williams Ltd, Howrah SHRI K. L. CHAKRAB~RTY Ministry of Defence ( DGI ) &RI G. N. KHADENQAN ( Alternate ) DR S. CHAKRAVORTY Usha Alloy and Steels Ltd, .Jamshrdpur SHRI K. BALARAMAMURTRY Nuclear Fuel Complex, Hyderabad SHRI R. KALIDAB ( Ahmzte ) Alloy Steels Plant ( SAIL ), Durgapur SHRI R. C. JHA JOINT DIRECTOR ( MET ), RDSO Ministry of Railways ASSISTANT DIRXOTOR, RDSO ( Alternate ) Sundaram Fasteners Ltd, Madras DR K. V. KRISHNA~~URTHY SHRI D. JAYARAMAN ( Alternate ) SHRI A. N. ~MITRA Tata Iron & Steel Co Ltd, Jamshedpur SHRI SURESH GUPTA ( Alternate ) DR N. MOHAN Bihar Alloy Steels Ltd,Ranchi Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombay SERI PRAEASH NARAIN SHRI R. BALAJI ( Alternate ) Alloy Steel Producers Association of India, Bombay DR R. V. PATIIY Iron & SteeLControl, Calcutta SRRI M. K. PRAMANIE Foundry Forge Plant. Heavy Engineering CorpoSHRI S. PANDIT ration Ltd, Ranchi SHRI D. K. DAS ( Alternate ) Association of Indian Automobile Manufacturers, SHRI A. K. ROY Bombay Pratap Steel Rolling Mills Ltd, Ballabgarh SHRI K. K. SEN Tata Engineering & Locomotive Co Ltd! Jamshedpur SHRI S. N. SINaH Bbarat Heavy Electricals Ltd, Tiruchchlrappalli DR G. VE~KATARAMAN Visvesvaraya Iron & Steel Ltd, Bhadravati SHRI D. P. VERNEKAR SHRI B. HARIDASA ACHAR ( Alternate )

14

IS : 1370 (Part III) - 1979

( RdfImd

1993)

Indian Standard
PART III CARBON AND CARBON-MANGANESE CUTTING STEELS

( Reaffirmed 1998 )

SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS


FREE

First Revision )

Sixth Reprint NOVEMBER 1998

UDC

669.14.018.232 (083.4)+669-1574-194

(083.4)

Q CopyrtglJr 1979

BUREAU
MANAK

OF
BHAVAN,

INDIAN

STANDARDS
ZAPAR MARO

9 BAHADUR SHAH NEW DELHI llCNW2

cr

October 1979;

182 1570 ( Part III ) - a973

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART ill CARBON AND CARBON-MANGANESE CUTTING STEELS ( FREE

First Revision)
Steels Sectional Committee,
Rspruaaf ing Steel Authority Durgapur of India Ltd (Alloy Steels Plant ),

Alloy Steels and Special


Chairman DR G. MIJKHER~EE Members

SMDC

19

Guest, Keen, Williams Ltd, Howrah SHRI A. N. BISWA~ SHRI S. K. BASU ( Alfcmate) National Test House, Calcutta SHRI B. C. Bxswrs SHRI A. M. BISWAS ( Alternate ) The Tata Iron & Steel Co Ltd, Jamshedpur SHRI P. K. CHAERAVARTY DR T. MUKHERJEE ( Allmate) Ministry of Defence ( DGI ) Sam P.K. CHATTERJEE SHRI P.K. GANGOPADHYAY (Altcmate) National Metallurgical Laboratory ( CSIR ), SHRI K. M. CHAUDIIVRY Jamrhedpur The Visvesvaraya Iron & Steel Ltd, Bhadravati SnaI DA%I<ATIiA SHRI B. C. BASAVARAJ ( Ahnate 1 khmedabad Advance Mills Ltd, Navsari S~nr S. V. DATAR SHRI M. K. GHOSR (Alternate) Ltd, Bombay SARI A. D. DIAS . The Indian Tool Manufacturers Steel Authority of India Ltd ( Alloy Steels Plant ), SRRI M. K. DATT~ Durgapur SHRI 12. C, JHA ( Aifnnale ) Directorate General of Supplies & Disposals Sam S. B. GUPTA ( Inspection Wing ), New Delhi SHZZI P. K. G+~E ( Alfemafe ) Jo;;~~,~,~~cToR (MET), KESEARCH Ministry of Railways A~YD STANDARDS ORQA~~ZAY;ON DETUTY DIRECTOR ( MET-II ), RDSO ( Almale) ( @ BUREAU OF Cogyri~hl 1979 INDlAN STANDARDS

CmJiwd on pug6 2 )

This publication ls protected under the lndian Cogrrig!u Act (XIV of 1957) and reproduction in wbole or in part by any means except with written pcrmlssion of the publisher &all be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act. I

IS t lS70 ( Part III ) - 1979 ( Con!inucdfrompage 1 )


Smr Rejmenting Members Indian Register of Shipping, Bombay S. 1~. Kri~ns SHRI V. N. PANDAY ( Altmat~) Bharat Forge Co Ltd, Mundhwa, Pune SHRI R. S. KOTHAWALE SHRI S. S. LAKKIJNDI ( Aitsrnatr) Ministry of Defence ( R & D) DR D.P. I.AHIIU SBRI I. N. BHATIA( Altematr) Heavy Engineering Corporation Ltd, Ranchi SI~RI K. N. MEHRA SWRI D. K. DAS ( Alternate) Directorate General of Technical Development, SHRI L. MISHRA New Delhi SHRI M. K. BANERJEE( Alternafa) A&ok Leyland Ltd, Madrm SHRI A. PADMANABHAN Firth India Steel Co Ltd. Thane SHRI I. M. PAX SHRI B. M. Par ( AI&MLU) Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd. Bombay; and Alloy Da R. V. PATTY Steel Producen Association of Indra, Bombay SHRI R. NARAYANA( Altmnufr ) Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombay Iron & Steel Control, Calcutta SHRI M. K. PRAMANIK &RI S. S. Sa~r ( Altnnak ) Research & Development Centre for Iron and DR V. RAMASWAMY Steel I HSL ), Ranchi . .. SHRI S. R. MF~IRATTA ( Ahmale ) Hindustan Machine Tools Ltd, Bangalore. SH~I M. RANOASHAI SHRI SANJIT SEN (Al&ma& I ) SHRI P. RAMAPBASA~ ( Al&mafr II ) The Tata Engineerihg end Locomotive CO Ltd, SEBI b. K. RDY Jamrhedpur DE S. K. MONDAL( Al!nmfs) Steel Furnace Association of India, Calcutta SERI D. SRINXVABAN DR S. K. CHATTEBJEE (Altmak ) Ministry of Defence ( DGOF ) Smu Y. C. SUBBAHMANYA M. N. Destur h Co Pvt Ltd, Calcutta SERI K. S. VAIDYANATEAN SARI C. J. DAVE ( AI&n& ) Director General, IS1 ( Ex-e&c Mrmbn ) SHRI C. R. RAMA RAO, Director ( Strut & Met) SEBI VIJAY KuAeeietant Director ( Metal8 ), ISI Subcommittee for the Revision General Engineering Conuaur CLCAKBAVAETY M#hTJ Sarrx S. K. BAEV SasrP.K. CEATTEBJEE S=xM.K.Smr (A&em&) of ScheduJe for Wrought Purposes, SMDC 19 : 5 Steel for

SEBfP.K.

The Tata Iron & Steel Co Ltd, Jamrhedpur Gust, Keen, Williams Ltd, Howrah ( amtimed on fige 17 )

Minirtry of Defence ( DGI )

IS I 1570 ( Part III ) - 1979

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART III CARBON AND CARBON-MANGANESE FREE CUTTING STEELS

( First Revision)
0. FOREWORD

0.1 This Indian Standard ( Part III ) ( First Revision ) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 5 March 1979, after the draft finalized by the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee had been approved by the Structural and Metals Division Council. 0.2 Schedules for wrought steels for general engineering purposes ( IS : 1570-1961 ) was first published in 1961. On the basis of the experience gained in the production and use of steels, the Sectional Committee has decided to revise the standard and issue it in parts. The other parts of the standard are as follows: Part I Steels specified Part II Carbon Part V Stainless 0.3 The following by tensile and/or yield properties steels ) stainless steels* have been made in this revision: modified in accordance with and heat-resisting steels ) steels ( unalloyed and heat-resisting

Part IV Alloy steels ( excluding Part VI Tool steels major modifications

a) Steel designations have IS : 1762 (Part I )-1974t

been

b) Change in carbon content of grade 13S25 c) Change in mechanical properties of grad& 4OS18 and 4OMn2S12. free cutting rteels is detailed in Appendix

0.4 The method for designating A for information.

*Already publthed u IS : 1570 ( Put V )-1972. t&de for designation of StecL: Put I Bared on letter rymbolr.

0.5 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value, observed 0; calculated, expressing the result of a test, shall be rounded off in accordance with IS : 2_1960*. The number of significant places retained ih the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard, 1. SCOPE 1.1 This schedule carbon-manganese ( see Table 1 ).
TABLE

( Part III ) is applicable to standards for carbon and free cutting steels supplied to a specified composition

1 SPECIFIED

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION STANDARD STEELS C


PEzCENT

FOR THE S
PERCENT

PERCENT

Si

PEBCENT

IUn

PEBCENT

* New

Old (2) ( lOSl1) ( 14MnlSl4) (25MnlSl4 (4OSl8_) (llS2_5) -

Y (3) 0.15 Max O*lO-0.18 ) 0.20-0.30 0.35-0-45 0.08-0.15 0.35.0.45 (4) 0.05.0.30 0.05.0.30 0.25 Max 0.25 MUX 0.10 &fax 0.25 Max (5) 0*60.090 1*20.1*50 1*00-l-50 0.80.1.20 0.80.1.20 l-30.1.70 (6) O-08.0*13 0.10.0.18 0.10.0.18 0.14-0.22 0.20.&30 098-0.15 (7) 0.060 Max OQ60 Max 0.060 Mu 0.060 Max 0.060 MOX 0960 Mar In case of ar added

(1)
10c8s10 14cl4Sl4 25Cl2Sl4 4OClOSl8 1 lClOS25 4ocl5s12

(4OMn2SJz)

NOTE 1-The

killed steel, minimum silicon level IRould be 0.10 percent. NOTE 2 -When required lead and other elements elements.

steel may be sup lied in killed or semi-killed type.

are specified

2. GENERAL 2.1 While preparing Indian Standards, or revising the existing standards, steels listed in this schedule shall be selected. The specification of mechanical properties different from those given in this schedule should not be made unless special conditions of service render this essential. In that event, full reasons for the proposed departure from the steels specified in this schedule shall be submitted to the Alloy Steels and Special Steel8 Sectional Committee, SMDC 19, and its approval obtained.
*Rules for rounding off numerical values ( rmirrd).

1s :.15fO (Part

IQ) - 1979

to defining the composition limits, the specified mechanical properties applicable to the different conditions are included. Table 2 gives values for the hot-rolled or normalized condition based on ruling sections up to 150 mm and for larger sizes some adjustment of the specified tensile range for a particular range of composition may be necessary. Mechanical properties for cold-drawn bars, and,for hardened and tempered bars and forgings, together with the sizes to which these properties are applicable are given in Tables 3 and 4. Table 5 gives the properties for case-hardening steels, that is, the properties obtainable in the core of the case-hardened parts after refining and quenching.
TABLE 2 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR BARS, BILLETS AND FORGINGS IN THE HOT ROLLED OR NORMALIZED CONDITION TENSILE STREXDTH ELONOATION, PEIICENT,

2.2 In addition

DESIONATION r___--h--_--~ Old New (1) loc8sIo 14C14Sl4 25ClZS14 4OClOS18 1 lClOS25 4OC15512 (2) ( 10511) ( 14hInlSE) (25MnlSE) (4oSlZ) (llS25)

Mltl
Gauge (3) MPa* 370-450 440-540 500-600 550-650 370-490 Length (4) 24 22 20 17 22

600-700 15 ( 4OMn2S I2 ) Minimum values for yield stress may be rrquired in certain tions and in such cases a minimum yield stress of 55 percent of the tensile strength should be satisfactory.
KOTE -

specilicaminimrrm

ll MPa

IN/mm8

= 0.102 0 kgf/mma.

2.3 For some purposes, a minimum yield stress is regarded as a specification requirement and minimum yield stress values are, therefore, given for some of the physical conditions for inclusion in specifications, if required. 2.4 Information on the assessment and parts is given in Appendix B. of the ruling section of bars, forgings

2.5 In addition to the tensile ranges, values for the specified minimum percentage elongation corresponding to the specified tensile ranges are Different types of test pieces are used for the included in the Schedule. tensile test. The values given in this schedule are based on a gau.ge length of 5.65 dxand if test pieces of other than 5.65 1/xgauge length are used elongation conversion may be obtained from IS : 3803-1974.. *Elongation conversions for rteel (Jrsf
rruirion ).

tif

m 8
A

TABLES

SPEU?IEDX7WSILEWMIT8FORCOLDDMWNMRS ( claus 2.2 )

Old

Tenrile

Elongation.

Tentile SwMzth.

Tensile Yzlfths

(1)
0,

(2)
(10s~ ) ( 14MalSf~ (25IWSl~) ( 4oq ( 1182j) ( 4oha2S12 )

(9
bfw 500 5s 620
640 500
10

(5) MPa 460 520 560 600 440 640 10 11 10 10 11 8 10 8 8 8 7

(7) MP8 420 460 520 560 UM 620

(8)
13 12 11 11 13 10

(9)
MP8. 310 440 500 550 370 600

1oaBlO 14O14Sw 25Cl2!314 -10 llCloS25 4ocwSl2

600

01 MPa - 1 N/mm* I @lo20 kgf/mm&

IS I 1570 ( Part III ) - 1979


TABLE 4 SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR BARS AND FORGINGS IN THE HARDENED AND TEMPERED CONDITION ( Clause 2.2 )
DEM~NATION ~-.--A------, New Old TENSILE
STI~ENOTIi

YlrnL0
STm?Sl3,

ELONOATI~N
PERCENT, Min GAUQE LENOTE

Imn
IMPACT VALUE, Min ( if

Min
(if specified)

I.ibf1T1~0 RULING SECTION

specified ) (6) J ;1 35 48 :Y (7) mm 60 30 100 60 30

(1) 4OClOS18

(2) ( 4OS18 )

(3)
MPIl,

600-750 700-850

(4) MPa* 380 480 420 500 560

(5) 18 17 18 Is8

4OC15S12 (4OMn2S12) -

i 700-850
800-950

600-750

ll MPa = 1 N/mm2 CT0*1020 kgf/mmr.

TABLE 5 SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR CASE HARDIbNING STEELS IN THE REFINED AND QUENCHED CONDITION ( CORE PROPERTIES ) ( Clause 2.2 )
DEEIONATION ---A--y FNZ Old TENSILE STRENGTE ELONQATION, PERCENT, IUD IXP$~T VALUE, LIMITING RULINO

Min Gauge Length (3) MPa* 500 ) 600 (4) 17 17

if

specified ) (5)
J

SECTION

(1) 10c8s10 lOC14S14

(2) ( IOSll ) ( 14M:lSlJ

(6)
mm

55 41

30 30

ll MPa = 1 N/mma = O-102 0 kgf/mm?

2.6 The notch toughness of steels after hardening end tempering is sometimes assessed by an impact test and values for incorporation in specifications, if required, are given in the relevant tables of the schedule. 2.7 The specified mechanical properties are applicable to test ramplo taken from a standard location which should be included in the specification. 2.6 Any additional tests apart from those given also be specified in the standard as appropriate. in this schedule, should

IS: 1570 ( Part III ) - 1979

APPENDIX ( Cluusc 0.4 )


NEW SYSTEM A-l. GENERAL OF DESIGNATION

OF STEELS

A-l.1 The new system of designation of steel is based on the draft IS0 proposal submitted by India to ISO/TC 17 Steel for for~~ulation of an international standard. Details of the new designation system are given in IS: 1762 (Part I)-1974*. A-2. A-2.1
Of:

STEELS DESIGNATED COMPOSITION Unalloyed

ON THE BASIS OF CHEMZCAL The designation percentage percentage shall consist

Free-Cutting-Steels indicating C ; indicating

a) Figure b) Letter 4 Figure d) Symbol

100 times the average 10 times the average

of carbon; of manganese;

( S , S, , T, or Pb depending on the element present which makes the steel free-cutting fo!lowed by the figure indicating 100 times the percentage content of the element. In the case of the phosphorized steels the symbol P shall be included; and symbols indicating special characteristics as follows: on whether the &eel is 1. Method of designation - Depending killed, semi-killed or rimming variety, the following symbols shall be used to indicate the steel making prxtice: steel, and i) R = rimming ii) K = killed steel.

e)

If necessary,

NOTE tYP=.

If no symbol

is used, it rhall mean

tbat the steel is of semi-killed

2. Steel quality -

The following steel quality: = Non-ageing quality,

symbols

shall be used to indicate

= Inclusion controlled, I Internal homogeneity


*Code for designation

&rd guaranteed.
(jirrt rmiriiw).

of rteel: Part I Based on letter symbols

28 t 1579( Part III ) - 1979


levels 3. Degree of purity - The sulphur and phosphorus analysis ) shall be expressed as follows: Maximum Content in Percent Symbol ~_~_~____~~h-~~~~---~ Sulphur Phosphorus P2.5 P35 P50 P70 No symbol will mean 0.025 0.035 0.050 0.070 0.055 0.025 0.035 0.050 0*050 0.055 ( ladle

The above symbols use the letter P followed by 1CO times the In case the maximum maximum percentage of sulphur and phosphorus. contents of sulphur and phosphorus are not same., the following procedure shall be followed: Symbol SP shall be used to indicate the levels followed by: 100 times the maximum integer. b) 100 times the maximum integer. Example: a) sulphur phosphorus rounded rounded off* to the nearest

off* to the nearest

5 O-045 percent Maximum sulphur c 0;035 percent Maximum phosphorus Designation: SP 44. 4. Weldability guarantee - Guaranteed weldability of steel as determined by tests mutually agreed between the purchaser and the manufacturer shall be indicated by the following symbols: W = Fusion weldable, and bV, = Weldable by resistance welding but not fusion weldable. 5. Resistance to brittle fracture - Symbols B , *BO , B2 or B4 indicating resistance to brittle fracture based on the results of the V-notch Charpy impact test. For steels B, BO, B2 and B4 a test should be made with Charpy V-notch specimens, taken in the direction of rolling with the notch perpendicular to the surface of the plate or product.
*Rounding off shall be done according rounding offnumerical valuer (r&ed). to the ruler given in IS : 2-1960 Ruler for

1s 11570(Part III ) - 1979


Steels B, BO, B2 and B4 are characterized by an average Charpy impact value according to the following table:
Steels SpeciJed c-----------370 to 520 MPa*

V-notch

UTS Range A-_--_--~--~__--~ 500 to 700 MPa*

~------Energy

----7 Temperature

c-------~ Energy

Temperature
(5) C 27 -10 -30 -20 -50 -40 0

(1)
B BO B2 B4

(2)
J
28 28 28

(3)
"C 27 0 -20

(4) J
40 28 40 28 40 $0

28 6. Surface Condition -

-40

The following symbols indicate surface condition: = = = = = = m

shall be used to

Sl S2 s3 s4 s5 S6 s7

Deseemed or scarfed; Descaled; Pickled ( including washing and neutralizing Shot, grit or sand blasted; Peeled ( skinned ); Bright drawn or cold rolled: and Ground.

);

NOTE - If no symbol is used, it ahall mean that the surface is in as-rolled or u-forged condition.

7. Formability

( uj@hble to sheet orto ) shall be used to indicate drawability: Dl P Drawing quality, D2 P Deep drawing quality, and D3 I Extra deep drawing quality.

The following symbols

NOTE - If no symbol is used, it aball mean that the steel is of ordinary quditp. +1 MPa 1 N/mm* = O-1020 kgf/mm%

IO

8. Surface finish ( afl$dicable to sheet or@) - The following shall be used to indicate the surface finish: Fl = General F3 3 Exposed, purpose finish,

symbols

F2 = Full finish, F4 = Unexposed, F5 - Matt finish, F6 = Bright finish, F7 = Plating finish, finish, F8 = Unpolished F9 FlO Fll Polished Polished finish, and. coloured blue,

= Polished and coloured yellow, F12 = Mirror finish, F13 - Vitreous enamel finish, and finish. F14 = Direct annealed symbols 9. Treatment - The.following the treatment given to the steel: Tl Shot-peened, T2 - Hard-drawn, T3 I Normalized*, rolled, T4 = Controlled T5 T6 T7 T8 T9 Tll = = P =: Annealed, Patented, Solution-treated, Solution-treated Controlled annealed, shall be used to indicate

and aged,

cooled,

TlO = Bright

= Spherodixed,

T12 - Stress-relieved, and T13 = Case-hardened*, and tempered. T14 = Hardened Noxx - If no rynhol is used, it means that
*Including

the steel

is hot-rolled.

tempering

if

done. 11

IS I 1570 ( Part III ) - 1979 10. Elevated temperature properties - For guarantee with regard to elevated temperature propertics, the letter H shall be used. in the designation only the room temperature However. Elevated temperature properties properties shall be shown. shall be intimated to the purchaser separately by the manufacturer. with regard to low tempe11. Cryogenic quality - For guarantee rature properties, the letter L shall be used. However, only the room temperature properties shall be indicated in the designation. Examples: 35ClOSl4K Free-cutting steel with average 0.35 percent 1 percent manganese and O-14 percent killed quality. carbon, sulphur,

20Cl2Pbl5T14

Free-cutting steel with average 0.15 percent lead, 0 20 percent carbon and 1.2 percent manganese, hardened and tempered. shall be as Alloy Steels - The steel designation high alloy steels as given in IS : 1762 ( Part I )-1974* on the percentage of S, Se, Te, and Zr present, the consist of the chemical symbol of the element present indicating 100 times its content.

A-2.2 Free Cutting for low, medium and except that depending designation shall also followed by the figure Examples: Xl5Cr25Nil5S40

Alloy free-cutting steel with carbon O-15 percent, chromium 25 percent, nickel 15 percent and sulphut 0.40 percent. Alloy free-cutting steel with 1G percent chromium nickel 3 percent and sulphur 0.25 percent;

Xl2Crl8Ni3S25

*Code for designation of steel: Part I Based on letter symbols (Jrsr rmitiomj. 12

I8 t 1570 ( Part III ) - 1979

APPENDIX ( Clause 2.4


INFORMATION
)

ON RULING SECTION

El. The mechanical properties obtained from a steel of a given composition are fundamentally influenced by the speed of cooling from a temperature above the upper critical point, that is, from the hardening or normalizing temperature. Also .for a given method of cooling, for example, oil-quenching, the rate of cooling is strongly affected by the size and shape of the part being treated. Therefore, for a steel of a given composition, the mechanical properties attained are affected not only by the method of cooling employed, but also by the size and shape of part at the time of heat treatment. Thus, although it may be possible to obtain effective hardening by oil-quenching a small section of a steel of a particular composition, it may not be possible to produce satisfactory hardening throughout the mass when parts of larger cross-sectional dimensions are oil-quenched. In such circumstances a steel of a different composition has to be selected. This inter-relation between the mechanical properties obtained and the size and shape of the part at the time of heat treatment is sometiTles referred to as mass effect :
B-2. It is, therefore, necessary, when selecting the steel which should be used to attain certain specitied mechanical properties after heat treatment, to know the size and shape of the part to be. heat-treated. The cross-sectional dimensions of that portion of the forging or part, where it is most important to obtain the desired mechanical properties, are regarded as the ruling sections of the part. In the case of round bar, the diameters is the ruling section, but, as many shapes other than round bars require heat treatment, it is desirable to, be able to relate the rates of cooling of other shapes to their equivalent sections of round bar. The diameters of round bars, the centres of which would cool through a given temperature range at the same rate as the centres of rectangular and square bars of selected sizes have been assessed and the restilting a equivalent ruling rections are given in Tables 6 and 7. Table 6 gives the equivalent ruling section in terms of diameter of round bar for rectangular and square sections when oilquenched,*while Table 7 gives the same information for air-cooling. As examples of how the tables may be applied, the centre of a square section of 100 mm sides will, when oilquenched, cool at the same rate as a round section of 108 mm diameter and the equivalent ruling section of a slab 140 mm wide x 60 mm thick will, for oilquenching, be 88 mm. In the ease of other regular sections, close approximations may usually be made since the order of decreasing

13

ISr1570

(Pa&III)-1979

rate of cooling is, round, octagonal, hexagonal and square, while oval sections with major axis a and minor axis 6 will cool more dowly than a round bar of diameter b but faster than u rectangle u x b.
TABLE 6 CONVERSION OF RECTANGULAR AND SQUARE SECTXONS INTO EQUIVALENT RULING SECTIONS, OIL QUENCHING ( C~JU 2.4, B-2 ) WIDTHor SIBOTION my pr--mm r----Tmorwrnl or S~OTIOY --A---L 40 50 60 80 100 mm mm mm mm mm DIAMETBB OY EQUIVAL~~ ROUND@ 3 ?

20 mm

30 mm

120 mm

140 mm

(1)
mm 10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 300 350 and over

(2)
mm 10 14 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 18

(3) mm a 21 26 29 31 32 32 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33

(4) mm 32. 37 40 43 46 47 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 49

(5) mm 43 48 51 57 60 62 63 63 63 63 63 63 63 63

(6) mm 54 59 66 71 74 76 77 77 78 78 78 78 78

(7) mm

(8) mm

(9) mm

(10)
mm

(11)
mm

65 74 80 85 88 90 91 92 92 92 92 92 87 96 102 108 112 115 117 119 120 121 121 108 117 125 131 136 140 I43 145 148 150

130 140 148 154 X X X. X X.

152 x x X X X X X

x Greater than 160 mm.

Is : 1570 ( Part III ) - 1979


TABLE 7 CONVERSION OF RECTANGULAR
RULING ( Cfawes 2.4, B-2 )

INTO

EQUIVALENT

SECTIONS,

AND SQUARE SECTIONS


AIR COOLING

WIDTH 01 SECrION

-F------10 20
mm

THICKNESS OF SECTION --_*------__-_-__--~


30 mm 40 mm 50 mm 60 mm 80 mm 100 mm 120 mm 140 mm

mm

DXAMETEROFEQUIVALENTROUNDS

(1)
mm 10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 300 350 and over

(2) mm 10 13 15 16 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 18 20

(3) mm 20 24 27 29 30 32 33 34 34 34 35 35 35 36 37 39

(4) mm 30 34 38 41 45 47 49 50 51 51 52 52 53 54 59

(5) mm 40 45 49 54 58 62 64 66 67 68 69 70 71 78

(6) mm 51 55 62 68 72 76 79 81 83 85 86 88 97

(7) mm 61 70 76 82 86 90 93 95 98 100 104 115

(8)
mm -

(9)
mm -

(10)
mm -

(11)
mni -

81 90 98 104 109 114 117 121 125 131 152

102 111 119 126 132 137 142 147 155 122 132 140 148 154

142 152

X X X X

X X X X X X

>c Greater than 160 mm.

B-3. In the case of parts of nonuniform section, not only is it necessary to consider which is the most important portion of the forging in which the specified properties are essential, but also to consider the relation of the length of any enlarged portion to its diameter. For example, in the case of aforging with a barrel, the length L of which is greater than the diameter D ( see Fig. 1A ), this diameter will be the ruling dimension. In the case of a collar, the diameter Dr of which is greater than the thickness I ( see Fig. 1B ), the collar may be considered as a disc of which the thickness is the governing dimension although the ruling section of the part as a whole for practical purposes will be the diameter Dz. For

15

forgings where the dimension B and thickness I of the portion of largest cross sectiori are similar ( see Fig. 1C ), the dimension A, between the centre and the nearest .points of the external surface will in general determine the ruling section.

ISI

IC

FIO. 1

TYPICAL DIAGRAM FORTHE ASSESSMENT OFRULING SECTION

B-4. In Table 4, which gives the mechanical properties for steels in the hardened and tempered condition, are included .the limiting ruling sections, that is, the maximum diameter of round bar to which the specified properties apply after hardening and tempering. For example, in the case of steel 4OClOS18 ( 4OS18 ) 4the properties associated with a tensile strength of 700-800 MPa*be obtained in round bar up to 100 mm m diameter or in other shapes whose equivalent ruling sections do not exceed that dimension, but for a tensile strength of 800-950 MPa*, the limiting ruling section is 63 mm, Therefore, to obtain a tensile strength 800-900 MPa* in parts with ruling sections greater than 63 mm other steels, such as 35Mn2Moz or 40CrlMo28 would be necessary. The application of the different steels given in Table 6 or different tensile ranges in relation to the limiting ruling section is summarized in Table 7.

lI MPa - 1 N/md

- O-102 0 kgf/md.

16

IS t 1570 ( Part III ) m. 1979


( Cbarinued frompast2 ) M6dtlS
SARI M. K. DUTTA

,
Steel

Rtjmwnf ing
Authority of India Plant ), Durgapur Ltd ( Durgapur Steel

SEW R. C. JHA ( Af~annk) JOINT DIXECTO~ (MET), MinistryofRailways REBEARCH DESIGNS & STANDARDS ORGANIZATION ASSISTANT DIRECTOR ( MS ) ( Alfmtofs ) Da N. KONDAL Rko Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay SHRI K. BALARAYAYOORTEY ( Altmatr ) Dn N. MORAN Bihar Alloy Steels Ltd. Ranchi A~Io~~~;;~ Producers -Association of DR R. V. PATHY* SHRI M. K. PRAMANIX SERI R. C. PRA~AD SHRI D. K. DAS ( Altmatr SH~I A. K. ROY SARI A. R. V. SUBRAMANIAN DR G. VENXATARAXAN Iron & Steel Control, Calcutta Heavy Engineering Corporation ) Ltd, Ranchi

India,

Association of Indian Automobile Manufacturers, Bombay Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd. Khopoli Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd, Tiruchchirappalli

lDr E. V. PsWy Is also alternste Co Ltd. Khopoll.

to 811rlA. It. V. Babramanlmreprcsentin~ tiblndrr U~lne SLsel

17

BUREAU

OF INDIAN STANDARDS

Headquarters: Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, NEW DELHI 110002 Telephones: 323 0131,323 3375,323 9402 Fax : 91 11 3234062,91 11 3239399, 91 11 3239382 Telegrams : Manaksanstha (Common to all Offices.) Central Laboratory : Telephone Plot No. 20/9, Site IV, Sahibabad Industrial Area, Sahibabad 201010 Regional Central *Eastern OMces: 32376 17 8-77 00 32

: Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, NEW DELHI 110002 : l/14 CIT Scheme VII M, V.I.P. Road, Maniktola, CALCUTTA 700054
Sector 34-A, CHANDIGARH 160022

337 86 62 60 38 43 23523 15

Northern : SC0 335-336, Southern

: C.I.T. Campus, IV Cross Road, CHENNAI 600113

twestern : Manakalaya, E9, Behind Mar01 Telephone Exchange, Andheri (East), MUMBAI 400093 Branch Offices:: Pushpak, Nurmohamed Shaikh Marg, Khanpur, AHMEDABAD SPeenya Industrial Area, 1 st Stage, Bangalore-Tumkur BANGALORE 560058 Road, 380001

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IS:1570(Part4)-1988
( Reaffirmed
1995 )

Indian Standard

SCHEDULESFOR

WROUGHT

STEELS

PART 4 ALLOY STEELS ( ALLOY CONSTRUCTIONAL AND SPRING STEELS ) WITH SPECIFIED CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND RELATED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

(First Revision)
Second Reprint JUNE 1998

UDC 669.15.0X29-194+669.14.018.27

(083.4)

0 Copyright 1990

BUREAU
MANAK

OF
BHAVAN,

INDIAN

STANDARDS
ZAFAR MARG

9 BAHADUR SHAH NEW DELHI 110002

Gr6

January 1990

IS : 1570 ( Part 4 ) - 1988

Indian Standard SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS


PART 4 ALLOY STEELS ( ALLOY CONSTRUCTIONAL SPECIFIED CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND PROPERTIES AND SPRING STEELS RELATED MECHANICAL

) WITH

First Revision)
0.

FOREWORD
Panel given below have not been included in Table 1, and will form a separate part: 1) 2) 3) 4) 4OCr5Mo60 (4OCrlMo60), 15Cr9Mo6 (15Cr9OMo55), lOCr9MolO (IOCRMol), and 15CrNi6.

0.1 This Indian Standard (Part 4) (First Revision) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards on 20 June 1988, after the draft hnalized by the .411oy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee had been approved by the Structural and Metals Division Council.

0.2 This standard was first published in 1961. On the basis of the experience gained in the production and the use of steels, the Sectional Committee has decided to revise the standard and issue it in parts. The other parts of this standard are as follows: Part 1 Steels specified by tensile and/or yield
properties

c) The following boron steels have been added as their use and production has commenced in the country: 1) 18ClOBT 2) 35C8BT 3) 21ClOBT 4) 26ClOBT 5) 34C14BT 6) 38Cr4Mn2BT d) The following additional have also been added: 1) 6OSi7 2) 65Si7 7 grades of steels

Part 2 Carbon

steels ( unalloyed

steels )

Section 1 Wrought products ( other than wires) with specified chemical composition and related properties Section 2 Carbon steel wires related properties Part 3 Carbon and carbon cutting steels Part 6 Tool steels Part 7 Creep
resisting steels modifications have

with free

manganese steels

1 since these are alread ) included in IS : 3195-1982x 1 and IS : 3431-19827 3) 6OCr4V2 J

Part 5 Stainless and heat-resisting

4) 30Cr4Mo2 because of its extensive usage in automobile and aircraft industry and comparatively better hardenability 5) 42Cr6V 18 because of its better hardenability and lower cost 6) 15Ni13Cr3Mo2 equivalent to EN 36 included in lieu of 15Ni4Crl which has been deleted
*Specification for steel for the manufacture of volute and hdical springs (for railway rolling stock ) ( second tspecification for steel for manufacture of volute, helical and laminated springs for automotive suspension

0.3 The following major been made in this revision:

a) Steel designations

have been modified in accordance with IS : 1762 ( Part 1 )-1974*. However, for the sake of easy identification, old are also given within * * designations
brackets.

9 The steels rationalized by the Indian Creep


*code for designation of steels: Part 1 Based on letter symbols ( first revision ).
1

revtswn )

( second revision 1.

IS : 1570 ( Part 4) - 1988 7) 16Ni6Cr7Mo3 8) 20Ni7Cr2Mo2 equivalent to DIN grade 17CrNiMo6 equivalent to AISI 4320. 0.4 This schedule does not give limits for sulphur and phosphorus. These have to be specified in the detailed specifications.

example, both steel 35Mn6Mo3 and 4ONi14 will give a tensile strength of 790 to 940 MPa in ruling 1.1 This standard ( Part 4 ) is applicable to alloy section up to 100 mm. This allows some degree constructional and spring steels supplied to a of interchangeability but unless special factors specified composition as given in Table 1. are involved, the specified steel should be that giving maximum economy in alloy content. The 2. GENERAL relationship of the tensile strength of steels in 2.1 Whilepreparing Indian Standards, or revising Table 4to the limiting ruling sections is summarized in Table 5. Information on the assessment of the the existing standards, steels listed in this schedule ruling section of bars and forgings is given in shall be selected. The specification of mechanical Tables 6 and 7. properties different fromthose given in this schedule should not be made unless special conditions of 2.5 Steel 55Cr3 is used for the purposes where service render this essential. In that event, full resistance to wear is a factor and details for this reasons for proposed departure from the steels steels are specified in Table 8. specified in this schedule shall be submitted to 2.6 For case hardened parts requiring higher the Alloy Steels and Special, Steels Sectional core strengths than can normally be obtained Committee (SMDC 19), and its approval obtained. with a carbon case hardening steel, low carbon 2.2 Many alloy steels, such as those for general alloy steels are required and minimum core strengths constructional purposes, are selected on the basis of specified after hardening are given in Table 9. tensile strength obtained after a specified heat These are based on heat treatment of test samples treatment, but in some applications, for example, of 30 mm diameter except for the steels with a ..vhen the. steel is subjected in service to conditions minimum specified tensile strength of 1 090 MPa where creep becomes operative, the basis of selec- which are based on heat treatment of samples tion will be the properties of steel under operating machined to a test piece size. In this table also, conditions. In such cases, however, tensile tests more than one steel is included for a particular are usually specified as an assessment of the general minimum core strength but here also due consiquality of the material. deration should be given to maximum alloy economy, when specifying the steel. 2.3 Steels containing about 1.5 percent manganese are used in the form of plates, sections, bars and 2.7 Some of the steels are used in the form of forgings in the hot rolled or normalized condition sheets, strips and tubes, and the tensile properties and the tensile properties of these steels, based on for these are included in Tables 10 and 11. Different ruling section up to 150 mm, are included in types of test pieces are used for tensile tests dependTable 2. For larger sizes, some adjustment of ing on the form of the materials, for example, flat the specified tensile range for a particular range test pieces for thin plates, sections and flat bars, of composition may be necessary. Details for unmachined round test pieces for small size round 1.5 percent manganese steels in the form of cold bars; and machined round test pieces for thicker drawn bar, together with the sizes to which these plates. for Jarger size round bars and for square properties are applicabIe as given in Table 3. bars and forgings. 2.4 Alloy steels with medium carbon contents 2.8 For tensiJe test on tubes, the specified percentare used for general constructional purposes and age elongation should be based on the formulae are usually hardened and tempered to a tensile of 950 MPa divided by the actual tensiJe strength strength level appropriate to the duty involved. kgf/mm2 when using a gauge length equivaJent The composition of the steel selected depends to 5.654;?: on the tensile strength required and the size of properties arc mechanical the ruling section of the part at the time of heat 2.9 The specified test samples taken from a applicable to Thus for the same specified tensile treatment. strength, it may be necessary to use different steels standard location which should be included in the for different parts according to the size of the specification. parts at the time of heat treatment . The mecha2.10 Any test such as bend test: flattening test nical properties of those steels in the hardened on tubes. etc, in addition to the tests given in this and tempered condition in relation to different schedule should also be specified in the standard ruling sections are given in Table 4. This table. as appropriate. in some cases, includes more than one steel 2.11 Hardenability value:, for Boron steels arc capable of giving in a particular ruling section the same specified range of tensile strength: for given in Table 12.

1. SCOPE

TABLE DE.WNATION* I

1 SPECIFIED

CHEMICAL ChBitCAL

COMPOGTION 1.1 ) COMP~ITI~N, h

FOR

STANDARD

STEEL REFERENCE TO RELEVANT INDIAN STANDARDS

(Clause

PERCENT 7 MO (7)

c
(I)
36Si7 55Si7

(2)
0~33-040 0.50-0.60 1.50-2 .OO 1*50-2.00 0.80-l .oo 0 *SO-l *OO

& --

Al (9) -

(lo, -

(11)

65Si7 6OSi7 llC15 2oc15

0.60-0.70 0.55-0.65 0.16. iUux 0.16-0.24

1.50-2 .OO l-50-2 *oo 0 *10-O -35 0.10-0.35

0.80-l 0.80-l 1.30-l 1.30-l

.OO -00 *70 .70

27Cl5 37c15 w 47c15 35Mn6Mo3 35Mn6Mo4 lOMo6 20Mo6 33Mo6 15Cr3

022-0.32 0.32-0.42

0.10-0.35 0.10-0.35

1.30-l *70 1.30-l .70

.-

0.42-0.50 0.30-0.40 0.30-0.40 0.15, Max O-15-0.25 0.25-0.40 0.12-0.18

0.10-0.35 0.10-0.35 0.10-0.35 0.15-0.25 0.15-0.35 0.10-O .35 0.15-0.35

1.30-l .70 1.30-l .80 1.30-l .80 0.40-0.70 0.40-0.70 0~40-0*70 0.40-O %O

0.25, Max 0 *25, Max 0 *25, Max 0.50-0.80

0.20-0.35 0.35-0.55 0.45-O .65 0.45-0.65 0.45-0.65 -

0.30, Max 0.30, Max 0 *30, Max

IS : 4367-1967l, IS : 4368-1967 IS : 2507-19755, IS : 3195~1982, IS : 3431-1982, IS : 383%1966, IS : 4072-1967, IS : 4367-19671, IS : 4368-19672 1s : 3195-19824, IS : 3431-1982s IS : 3195-1982, IS : 3431-1982s IS : 4432-19678 IS : 2041-1982*, IS : 2100-1970x, IS : 4367-19671, IS : 4368-19672, IS : 5517-197811, IS : 6967-197312, IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198415 IS : 5517-197811, IS . 11169 (Part 1 )-198413 IS : 3930-1979l*, IS : 4367-19671, IS : 4368-1967*, IS : 5517-1978, IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198W IS : 3930-19794 IS : 4367-1967l, IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-19841s IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198413

16MnSCr4 2OMnSCr5

0.14-0.19 0.17-0.22

0.10-0.35 O.lO-0.35

1.00-l

.30

0~80-1~10 1 .00-l .30

1 .00-l .40

55Cr3 4OCr4

0.50-0.60 0.35-0.45

0.10-0.35 0.10-0.35

0.60-0.80 0.60-0.90

0~60-0~80 0.90-l .20

5OCr4 103Cr4

0.45-0.55 0.95-l .lO

0.10-0.35 0.10-0.35

0.60-0.90 0.25-0.45

0.90-l 0.90-l

*20 .20

IS : 4367-1967l. IS : 4368-1967, IS : 4432~1967*, IS:11169 (Part l)-198418 IS : 4367-19671, IS : 11169 ( Part l )-1984l* IS : 4367-19671, IS : 4368-19671, IS : 4432-19678, IS : 11169 ( Part 1 )-198418 IS : 5517-1978ll IS : 3930-1979, IS : 4367-19671, IS : 4368-1967*, IS : 5517-1978, IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-I98413 IS : 3930-197914, IS : 4367-19671 rs : 4398-197215

z .. a d e z =! ,

I g _~

( Cmtinue~ )

TABLE
DESIONAT~~O~ *

SPECIFIED CHEMICAL

COMPOS[T[ON

FOR STANDARD

STEEL--m Cod
-7 REFERENCE TO RENVANT STANDARDS ZNDJAN g 2 r\

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION. PEKCENT *

Si (3) 0.10-0.35 0.10-0.35 0.10-0~35 O.IO-0.35 0.10-0.35 0.10-0.35 0. IO-O.35

Mfl

Ni (5)

Cl(6) I .00-l .60 I ,40-l .60 0.90-I .20

Mo

V (8)

Al (9)

B (IO) -

5OCr4v2

:::z

(1)

(2)
O.YO-1 .20 0.95-l .lO 0.45-0.55 0.38-0.46 0.55-0.65 0.26, Mar 0.38-0.45

(4) 0.40-0.80 0.25-0.45 0.50-0.80 0~50-0~80 0.80-I *IO 0.60-0.90 0.60-0.90

(7)

(11)
IS : 4398-1972 IS : 3195-19824, IS : 4367-19671, IS : 4368-1967a

!5
, I

0~15-6~30 0.07-0.12 0.15, Min

42Cr6Vl 6oCr4V2 21Cr4Mo2 42Cr4Mo2

I .40-l .70
-. 0.90-l .20 0.90-I .20 0.90-l .20

IS : 3195-19824
IS : 4367-1967, IS : 4368-1Y672 IS : 3930-197911, IS : 4367-1967. IS : 4368-19672, IS: 5517-1978l* IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198413 IS : 4367-1967l, IS : 4368-1967 IS : 5517-197811 1s : 5517-1978l IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198$= IS IS IS IS

z
z!z

07Cr4Mo6 15Cr13Mo6 2SCr13Mo6 4OCr5Mo6 lOCr20Mo6 2OCr2Mo6 35CrSMo6V2 4OCr13MolOV2 4OCr7AllOMo2 4ONi14 16Ni3Cr2 16Ni4Cr3 13Ni13Cr3 lSNi13Cr3Mo2 3SNiSCr2

0.12, MUX 0~10-0~20 0.20-0.30 0.35-0.45 0.15, Max 0.15-0.25 0.25-0.45 0.35-0.45 o-35-0.45 0.35-0.45 0.12-0.20 0.12-0.20 0*10-0~15 0.12-0.18 0*30-0.40

0.15-0.60 0.15-0.35 0.10-0.35 0.10-0~35 0.50, Max O-50, Max 0.10-0.35 0.10-0.35 0.10-0.45 0.10-0.35 0.15-0.35 0.15-0.35 0.15-0.35 0.15-0.35 O.lO-0.35

0~40-0~70 040-0.70 0.40-0.70 0.40-O .70 0.40-0.70 0.40-0.70 0~40-0~70 0~40-0~70 0.40-0.70 0.50-0.80 0.60-I .oo 0.60-l .oo 0~40-0~70 0.30-0.60 0.60-0.90

0.30, Mns 0.30, Max 0.30, Mnx 0.40, A4o.v 0.30, Max 0.30, Max 0.30, MUX 0.30, Max 0.30, Max 3.20-3.60 0.60-I .OO 0.80-l .20 3 .oo-3 50 3.00-3.75 1.00-l .50

0.70-I .lO 2.90-3.40 2.90-3.40 1 .00-l .50 4.0-60 4.0-6.0 I .00-l .50 3 .oo-3.50 I -50-I .80 0.30, Max 0~40-0~80 0.60-l .OO 0.60-l .OO 0.60-l .lO 0.45-0.75

0.45-O 65 0.45-0.65 0.45-0.65 0.50-0.70 0.45-O. 65 0.45-0.65 0~50-0~80 0.90-I *IO 0.10-0.25

..-

--

0.20-0.30 0.15-0.25 0.90-l -

.30

IS : 5517-19781 : 4432-1Y678

: 5517-1978 : 5517-19781 : 3444-198716, 1s : 3930-197914,

0, IO-O.25

IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198413 IS : 4367-1967l, IS : 4368-19672, IS : 11169 ( Part 1 )-I98413

3ONil6CrS 1SNiSCr4Mol

0.26-0.34 0.12-0.18

0.10-0.35 0.15-0.35

0~40-0~70 0.60-l .OO

3.90-4.30

1.00-l .50
1.50-2.00 1.20-l .60 1.25-l .75 1 .40-l .70 1.65-2.00

1 10-l ,40 0.75-l ,25

IS : 3930-197Y1*, IS : 4367-19671, TS : 4368-19672, IS : 5517-197811, IS : 11169 (Part 4)-198413 IS : .5517-197811

0.08-0.15

15Ni7Cr4Mo2 4ONi6Cr4Mo2 4ONi6Cr4Mo3 16Ni6Cr7Mo3 2ONi7Cr2Mo2

0.12-O. 18 0.35-0.45 0.35-0.45 0.14-O-19 0.17-0.22

0.15-0.35 0.10-0.35 0.10-0.35 0.15-0.35 0.15-0.35

0.60-l

.OO

0.75-1.25 0.90-l .30 0.90-l .30

0~10-0~20 0~10-0~20 0.20-0.35 0.25-0.35 0.20-0.30

_ -

0~40-0~70 0.40-0.70 0.40-0.60 0.45-0.65

: 4367-l 967l, IS : 4368-1967a, IS : 4432-19678, IS : 11169 ( Part 1 )-19841a IS : 4368-1967*, IS : 4432-19678, IS : 11169 ( Part 1 )-198413 IS : 3930-1979l. IS : 5517-1978l IS : 3930-19;9l;, IS : 4367-1967l, IS : 5517-197811

IS

I .50-1.80 0.40-0.60

31NilOCr3Mo6 4ONilOCr3 Mo6 16Ni8Cr6Mo2 20Ni7Mo2 20Ni2Cr2Mo2 18ClOBT XT1 60048 35c8BT 2lClOBT~ 26ClOBTt 34c14BTt 38Cr4BT 3OCr4Mo2 lXr6Ni6 Nom-In restricted Ln

0.27-0.35 0.36-0.44 0~12-0~20 0.17-0.22 0*18-0.23 0.15-0.20 1~50-1~70 0.31-0.36 0.18-0.23 0.23-0.29 0.32-0.37 0.35-0.40 O-28-0.33 0.12-0.18

0~10-0~35 0*10-0*35 0.15-0.35 O-15-0.35 0.15-O-35 0.15-0*30 0.10-0.35 0.10-0*35 0.15-0.30 0~15-0~30 0.15-0*30 0.15-0.30 0*10-0*35 O-15-0.35

0.40-0.70 0~40-0*70 ~0~4&0*70 0.45-0.65 0.70-0.90 0.80-l ~10 0~2.5-0~50 0.60-l .oo 0.80-l *l 0.90-l -2 120-l *so 0~30-0*50 040-0*80 0.40-0*60

2.25-2-75 2.25-2.75 1.80-2.20 I-65-2-00 0.40-0.70

0~50-0~80 0*50-0*80 1.40-l *70 0~40-0~60 0~10-0~30

0~40-0~70 0.40-0.70 0.15-0.25 0~20-0~30 0.1X0.25 -

0.000 5-0.003 0.000 0.000 0.000 o-000 0.000 50.003 5-0.003 5-0.003 5-O-003 5-0~003 -

--

-1.40-l .70

ll*O-13.0 0~10-0~30 o-95-1*15 0*80-l-10 1.40-1.70

0.80, Max 0.80, Max (optional) 0.15-0.28 -

rs : 3930-19791 IS : 5517197811 IS : 4368-1967a, IS : 5517197811 IS : 4367-1967r, IS : 43681%7*, IS : 11169(Part l)1984 IS : 4432-19678, IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198413 IS : 4132-1967n, 1.8 : 11169 ( Part I )-198413 -_ IS : 11169 ( Part I )-198413 IS : 11169 ( Patt I )-198415 IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-1984r5 IS : 11169 (Part 1 )-198413 -

special cases, it may be desirable that the range of carbon content should be more closely controlled than in the ranges specified above. When this is necessary. ranges of carbon may be agreed to between the supplier and the purchaser, in which case any specified mechanical properties shall also be the subject of agreerrent.
revision ).

*See IS : 1762 (Part l)-1974 Code for designation of steel : Part 1 Based on letter symbols (first 1SuEx BT indicates boron treated steel. 1 Specitication a Specification * Specification Specification 6 Specification 6 Specification Specification * Specification 0 Specification 10 Speci8cation 11 Specithzation 1* Specification Is Specification 14 Specification X5Specification 16 Specification

for alloy and tool steel forgings for general industrial use. for alloy steel bits, blooms and slabs for forgings for general engineering purposes. for cold rolled steel strip for springs (first revision ). for steel for the manufacture of volute and helical springs (for railway rolling stock ) ( second revision ). for steel for manufacture of volute, helical and laminated springs for automotive suspension ( secondrevision ). for aluminized steel core wire for aluminium conductors (ACSR). for steel for spring washers (firsf revision ). for case. hardening steels. for steel plates for pressure vessels used at moderate and low temperature (first revision ). for steel billets, bars and sections for boilers (fist revision ). for steels for hardening and tempering (first revision ). for steels for electrically welded round link chains. for steels for cold heading/cold extrusion applications: Par: 1 Wrought carbon and low alloy steels. for flame and induction hardening steels (first revisioir ). for carbon-chromium steel for the manufacture of balls, rollers and bearing races (first revision ). for corrosion resistant high alloy steel and nickel based castings for general applications ( second revision ).

IS : 1570 ( Part 4 ) - 1988


TABLE 2 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR PLATES, SECTIONS, BARS, BILLETS AND FORGINGS IN THE HOT ROLLED OR NORMALIZED CONDITION ( Clause 2.3 )
TENSILE STRENGTH MPa* (2) I 460-560 430.530 0.2 PERCENT PRooF STR~, ELONC%TION, PERCENTAGE GLLiiSdi(4) 26 26

DESIGNATION

Min (I~S&~IFIED)
(3) 270 250

(1) llC15

320 2oc15 %% i 540-640 490.590 510:610 290 280 310 350

iii zi 20

:;
1:: Over 100 and up to 150

27Cl5

570-670 i 570-670 570-670 540-640 540-640 0 kgf/mm*.

350 zz 300 290

ii 20 z

*1 MPa = 1 N/mm* = 0.102

,TABLE 3

SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR COLD DRAWN 1.5 PERCENT MANGANESESTEEL BARS ( CIause 2.3 )
TENSILE STRENQTH MPa+ (2) ELONGATION, PEWENTAGE GL;ifi65dr LIMITINGRUL&G SECTION mm

DESIGNATION

(1) 2OCl5

(3)

(4) Over 20 and up to 40 Over 40 and up to 63

12

1:

TABLE 4 SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR BARS AND FORGINGS IN THE HARDENED AND TEMPERED CONDITION-OIL HARDENED UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED ( Clause 2.4 )
DESIGNATION TENSILE STRENGTH MPa* (2) 590-740 690-840 590-740 690-840 0.2 PERCENT PRooF STRW, Min, MPa* (3) 390 450 i% 390 490 550 650 490 550 650 750 550 650 750 16 1: ELONGATION PIWXNTAGE GL 5;;dA (4) 18 16 18 16 IwD IMPACT VALUE, Mitt, Joule BRINEU~ HARDNESS HBS LIMITJNG RULJNG SECTION mm (7) !i 100 63 150 100 30 15 150 100 63 30 150 100 63 (Conf hued)

(1) 2oc15 27Cl5

(6)
170-217 201-248 170-217 201248 170-217 %-z; 255:311 %% 25i311 285-341 229-277 255-311 285-341

37c15

ZZ$
790:940 890-1040 690-840 790-940 1 890-1040 990-l 140 790-940 890-1040 990-l 140

35Mn6Mo3

35Mn6Mo4

IS : 1570( Part 4) - 1988

TABLE 4 SPECJFJEJI MECHANICAL PROPJJRTJBS FOR BARS AND FORGJNGIS JN THE HARDWED AND TBMJERJJD CONDJTJON-OJL HARDENED UNLJISS OTHERwIlSE STATED - Contd DESIGNATION %N~LE %cTH s (2) 690-840 790940 I 890-l 040 4OCr4Mo2 700-850 800-950 900-l 050 I 1000-l 150 %zz 89& p$ 1090:1240 { 1 540, Mitt 4OCr13MolOV2 42Cr6Vl 1340, Mitt { 1 540, Min 880-l 030 980-I 180 t 1 080-I 280 690840 790-940 1 890-l 040 790-940 { 890-l 040 690-840 790-940 { 890-l 040 1540, Min 790-940 890-l 040 990-l 140 I 1090-l 240 790-940 890-l 040 990-l 140 : ~~:f z I 1540, Min c 31NilOCr3Mo6 ;;y 7: % 650 490 z 750 490 550 % 830 1240 1050 1240 690 780 880 490 550 650 550 650 490 550 650 1240 550 z: 830 550 650 750 830 930 1240 % 830 930 1240 78:: 930 1240 8 16 15 :: f 13 11 10 6 3: :: 8 12 :r!l 8 $ 35 14 13 12 :: 14 :: 10 9 8 8 8 lf 10 18 :: 16 15 z: 50 z 14 21 14 68 :; 55 55 48 z: 201-248 z: 50 14 55 55 48 41 z : 30 11 : 41 35 14 %z: 444, Min 201-248 229-277 255-311 285-341 311-363 444, Min 363, Min 444, Min 265-310 295-350 320-380 EL~~JGATI~N PmCeNTAl3E ypi(4)

Min, Joule

HBS

(9

z:
50 150 z! 30 150 150 ;: 100 63 63 30 100 :; 150 100 63 100 63 150 Y3 ( air hardened) 150 (oil hardened) 150 100

15Cr13Mo6 25Cr%o6

4OCr7Al lOMo2

4ONil4 35NiSCr2

30Ni 16Cr5

4ONi6Cr4Mo2

z-::: 285-341 311-363 zz: 2851341 311-363 341-401 444, Min 255-311 285-341 zz: 444, Min 285-341 31 l-363 341-401 444, Min

150 ;t?z 63 z: 150 150 100

40Ni6Cr4Mo3

; y&J:; z 1 11 54O;Min 990-l 140 1 090-l 240 1 190-l 340 1 540, Min

6633
150 150 150 100

4ONilOCr3Mo6

*l MPa = 1 N/mm* = 0.102 0 kgf/mm*. +Hardness given in this table is for guidance only.

IS:1570(Part4)-1988
RULING SECTIONS (in mm) OF HARDENED AND TEIMPERED DIFFERENT RANGES OF TENSILE STRENGTH ( Clause 2.4 )

TABLE

5 LIMITING

STEELS

FOR

DESIGNATION ~------_-_.-_-_----__
520-740 2OC15 27Cl5 37c15 35Mn6Mo3 35Mn6Mo4 4004 42Cr6Vl 4OCr4Mo2 15Cr13Mo6 63 100 150 690-840 30 63 100 150 100 150 150 190-940

TENSILE STRENGTH, MPa -_-_A_p_


890-l 040 990-l 140 1090-l

--240 1 190-l 340 1.5~

30 100 150 63 100 150

15 63 100 30 100 63 150

7 -

30 63 30 30 150

15 100

63

63 30

and

25Crl3Mo6 4OCr13MolOV2 4OCr7A110Ao2 4ONi14 35NiSCr2 30Ni16CrS

150 150 -

100 100 100

63 63 63 -

63 (air hardz?:d) (oil hardened) 30 63 100

4ONi6Cr4Mo2 4ONi6Cr4Mo3 31NilOCr3Mo6 4ONilOCr3Mo6

150 150 -

100 150 150 -

63 100 150 150

30 63 100 150

30 63 150

TABLE

6 CONVERSION

OF RECTANGULAR SBCTIONS,

AND SQUARE SECTIONS OIL QUENCHING (Ckwse 2.4)

INTO

EQUIVALENT

RULING

WIDTHOPSECTION
mm

-G----(1) 10
20 30 40 50 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 300 350 and over ;: = Greater than 160 mm. (2) 10 14 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 18

THICKNESSOF SECTION mm .
20 (3) 21 26 29 31 32 32 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 30 (4) 40 50 60 80 100 Diameter of Equivalent Rounds, mm (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)

120 (10)

140 (11)

32 : 43 46 47 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 49

48 43 51 57 60 62 63 63 63 63 63 63 63 63

54 59 66 71 74 76 77 77 78 78 78 78 78

65, 74 80 85 88 90 91 92 92 92 92 92

87 96 102 108 112 115 117 119 120 121 121

10s 117 125 131 136 140 143 145 148 150

130 140 148 154

152

X X X X X

X X X X X X X

IS : 1570(
TABLE 7 CONVERSION OF RECTANGUiAR AND SQUARE AlR COOLlNG ( Clarrse 2.4 ) WIDTH OF SECTION mm
r---10

Part 4) - 1988

INTO EQUIVALENT

RULING SECTION

20 (3) 20 24 27 29 30 32 33 34 34 34 35 3.5 35 36 37 39

THICKNESS OF SECTION mm ~.~ _--_h---------_30 40 50 60 80 Diameter of Equivalent Rounds, mm (4) 30 34 38 41 45 47 49 50 51 51 52 52 53 54 59 (5) 40 45 49 54 58 62 64 66 67 68 69 70 71 78 51 55 62 68 72 76 79 81 83 85 86 88 97 61 70 76 82 86 90 93 95 98 100 104 115 (6) (7) (8)

100 (9) 102 111 119 126 132 137 142 147 155 X

-------7

120

140 (11) 142 152 X X X X X X

(1) 10
20 30 40 50 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 300 350 and over x -Greater than 160 mm.

(2)
10 13 15 16 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 18 20

(10) 122 132 140 148 154 X X X X

81 90 98 104 109 114 117

121
125 131 152

TABLE 8

SPECIFIED

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR WEAR RESISTING HARDENED AND TEMPERED CONDITION ( C/awe 2.5 ) 0 2 PERCENT PROOFSTRESS Min, MPa* (3) 650 730 ELONGATION PERCENTAGE GL 5;;dA, (4) 12 10 lzo~ IMPACT, VALUE, Min Joule (5) 35 17

STEEL IN THE

DESIGNATION

TENSILE STRENGTH MPa* (2) 890-l 040 990-l 140

BRINELL HARDNESS HBS (6) 255-311 285-341

LIMITING RULING SECTION, mm (7) 63 63

(1) 55Cr3 NOTE -

Hardness given in this table is for guidance only.

TABLE 9

SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES FOR CASE HARDENING STEELS REFINED AND QUENCHED CONDITION ( CORE PROPERTIES ) ( Clarrse 2.6 ) TENSILE STRENGTH. Min, MPa* (2) 590 590 690 790 840 840 990 990 1 080 1 080 1 340

IN

THE

DESIGNATION (1) llC15 15Cr3 16Ni3Cr2 16MnXr4 16Ni4Cr3 13Ni13Cr3 20MnSCr5 15NiSCr4Mol 15Ni7Cr4Mo2 15Nil3Cr3Mo2 16Ni8Cr6Mo2

ELONGATION, PERCENTAGE IZ~D IMPACTVALUE, GL 5.65t/z, Min Min, Joule (3) 17 13 I5 10 12 12 8 9 9 8 9 (4) 55 48 41 35 41 48 38 41 35 35 35

NOTE-Whenever the core strength exceeds 1 000 MPa, the ruling section may be same as that of the diameter of the test piece. *I MPa = 1 N/mm* -= 0.1 020 kgf/mm*.

IS : 1570 ( Part 4 ) - 1988

TABLE 10

SPECIFIED

TENSILE LIMITS FOR STEEL SHEET AND STRIP ( Clurlse 2.7 )


O-2 PERCENT PROOF STRESS, Min, MPa* BRINELL HARDNW

DESIGNATION

CONDITION

TENSILE STRENGTH, Mitt, MPa*

Max, HBS (5) 200 -

(1) [Softened

(2)

(3) 470, Min 540, Min 790-990

(4) 610

2oc15

( Hot rolled and normalized or normalized and


tempered 1 Hardened and tempered or cold rolled and 1 tempered Softened Hardened and tempered or cold rolled tempered Hardened and tempered and

47c1.5

890-1 090 1 140-l 340 790-990 1 140-l 340

740 990 610 990

230 212 -

21 Cr4Mo2

Softened Hardened and tempered or cold rolled and tempered Hardened and tempered kgf/mm*.

*1 MPa = 1 N/mm* = 0.1020

TABLE 11 SPECIFIED
DESIGNATION CONDITION

TENSILE LXMITS FOR TUBES ( Clause 2. 7)


TENSILE STRENGTH, O-2 PERCWT ?%%3, ELONGATION, PERCBNTAQE,

Min, MPa*
(1)

GL 547; ,/A
(4) 270I 450 510 590 450 510 890 450 570 590 640 990 590 9 310 Actual tensile strength (MPa) (5)

(2)
f Annealed 1Hardened and tempered and tempered and tempered and tempered and tempered or cold drawn or cold drawn or cold drawn and and and

(3) 470 550 630 710


550

2oc15

1 +F;:i

I Hardened

1 tempered Hardened tempered Hardened 1 tempered or cold drawn and or cold drawn and

27C15 4OCr4 and 5OCr4

630 1 090

Hardened and tempered Normalized and tempered, hardened and tem-

550 630 710 790 190 710 1 o;o 1 190 1 290

21Cr4Mo2

Normalized and tempered, hardened and tern-pered or cold drawn and tempered { Hardened and tempered or cold drawn and i tempered I Hardened and tempered or cold drawn and j tempered _ LHardened and tempered Hardened and tempered tempered Hardened and tempered Hardened and tempered
or cold

f pered or cold drawn and tempered

4OCr4Mo2

drawn

and

30Nil6Cr5 31NilOCr3Mo6

890 1090 1 090

*1 MPa = 1 N/mm* = 0.1 020 kgf/mma.

IS : 1570 ( Part 4 ) - 1988


TABLE 12 TENTATIVE HARDENABILITY LIMITS FOR OF BORON STEELS ( Cluuse 2.11 ! DISTANCE FROMQUENCHED END, mm (inch) HARDNESS. HRC
c

SPECIFIED

HARDENABILITY

18ClOBT

21ClOBT (4) 48 47 46 44 40 35 32 27 22 20 (5) 41 40 38 30 20 -

35C8BT (6) 58 56 55 54 52 49 46 38 36 30 28 27 26 25 24 22 (7) 51 50 46 43 37 26 22 20 19 18 -

26ClOBT

(1)
1.58 3.10 4.76 6.35 7.93 9.52 (l/W (2/16) (3/16) (4/16) (5/16) (6/16)

(2) 46 45 42 38 37 35 32 30

(3) 39 37 32 22 20 14 12 10

(8)
52 51 50 48 46 45 42 35 32 28 26 22 -

(9) 45 44 43 41 34 25 -

34C14BT (10) (11) 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 46 45 43 38 32 30 28 50 50 49 48 43 37 33 26 22 21 20 -

38CdMn;B; (12) 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 50 48 46 44 42 38 (13) 52 52 51 50 48 44 40 36 34 30 26 24 22 20

11.11 (7/16) 12.7 (8/16) 14.29 (9/16) 15.87 (10/16) 17.46 (11/16) 19.05 (12/16) 20.64 (13/16) 12.22 (14/16) 25.4 (16/16) 28.57 (18/16) 31.75 (20/16) 34.92.(22/16) 38.10 (X/16) 41.27 (26/16) 44.45 (28116) 47.62 (30/16) 50-S (32/16)

20

--

27

11

Bureau of Indian Standards BIS is a statutory institution established under the Bureau of Indian StarzdurclsAct, 1986 to promote harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of goods and attending to connected matters in the country. Copyright BJS has the copyright of all its publications. No part of these publications may be reproduced in any form without the prior permission in writing of BIS. This does not preclude the free use, in the course of implementing the standard, of necessary details, such as symbols and sizes, type or grade designations. Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director (Publication), BIS. Review of Indian Standards Amendments are issued to standards as the need arises on the basis of comments. Standards are also reviewed periodically; a standard along with amendments is reaffirmed when such review indicates that no changes are needed; if the review indicates that changes are needed, it is taken up for revision. Users of Indian Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest amendments or edition hy referring to the latest issue of BIS Handbook and Standards Monthly Additions. This Indian Standard has been developed from Dot: No. SMD 19 (2349) Amendments Amend No. Date of Issue Issued Since PuhlicationText Affected

BUREAU Headquarters:

OF INDIAN

STANDARDS Telegrams: Manaksanstha (Common to all offices) Telephone 323 76 17,323 38 41 337 84 99,337 85 61 337 86 26,337 9120 60 38 43 60 20 25
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IS : 1570 ( Part 5 ) - 1985

hdian Standard
SCHEDULES
PART 5 STAINLESS

( Reaffirmed 1995 )

FOR WROUGHT
AND

STEELS
STEELS

HEAT-RESISTING

( Second Revision )
First Reprint FEBRUARY 1990

UDC

669.14.22:669.14.018.-!3:669.15.194.3(083.4)

@ CoPyright 1987 BURIEAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS

MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG NEW DELHI 110002

Gr 5

January

1987

IS : 1570 ( Part 5 ) - 1985

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES
PART 5 STAINLESS

FOR WROUGHT
AND

STEELS
STEiiS

HEAT-RESISTING

( Second Revision )
Alloy Steels and Special
Chairman DRUG.MUKHERJEE Members
Steel Authority

Steels Sectional

Committee,
Representing

SMDC

19

of India Ltd, New Delhi

ADDITIONAL DIRECTOR ( MET) Ministry of Railways JOINT DIRECTOR ( CHEM ) ( Alternate ) SHRI BAL KRISHAN AGGARWAL Federation of Engineering Industries of India, New Delhi SHRI H. S. GUPTA ( Alternate ) SHRI B. C. BASAVARAJ Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Ltd, Bhadravati SHRI B. HARIDASACHAR ( Alfernate ) SHRI S. K. BASU M. N. Dastur and Co Pvt Ltd, Calcutta SHRI C J. DAVE ( AIternate ) SHRI J. N. BHATTACHARYYA National Test House, Calcutta SHRI S. C. BHAWAL ( AIternate ) SHRI R. BHATTACHA~YA Guest Keen Williams Ltd, Howrnh SHRI P. K. CHAKRAVARTY The Tata Iron and Steel Co Ltd, Jamshedpur DR T. MUKHERJEE ( Alternate ) SHRI D. K. DAS Heavy Engineering Corporation, Ranrhi SHRI B. P. SINGH ( Alternate ) SHRI M. K. DANA Steel Authority of India Ltd ( Alloy Steels SHRI R. C. JHA ( Alternate ) SHRI D. GADH Ahmedabad Advance Mills Ltd, Navsari SHRI A.QM CHATTERJ~E( Alternate ) SHRI H. V. JAIN Indian Tool Manufacturers Ltd, Bombay SHRI A. D. DIAS ( Afternate ) DR P. KRISHNASAGAR Modi Steels, Modinagar SHRI S. KUMAR Indian Register of Shipping, Bombay SHRI VIPON CHOPRA ( Alternate ) DR D. P. LAHIRI Ministri of Defence ( R & fi ) SHRI I. N. BHATIA ( Afternate )

Plant ), Durgapur

( Continued on page 2) 0
BUREAU OF

Copyright
INDIAN

1987
STANDARDS

This publication is protected under the Indian Copyrighr Act (XIVof 1957) and reproduction in whole or in part by any meaos except with written permission of the publisher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act.

IS : 1570 ( Part 5 ) - 1985

Mcdwrs DK S. K. MANDAL

Rcprcsertting

Tata Enpinccring and Locomotive Co Ltd, Jamsbcdpur DI< P. G. RENAVIRAR( Altmmtc ) Steel Furnace Association of India, Calcutta SllRl D. B. MOIIAIUL DR K. SUIIICAMANYAM ( Alternate ) Mishrn Dh:itu Nknrn Ltd. Hvderxbad DK M. NAOESIIWAR KAO Firth ( India ) Steel Co Ltd, ihunc SHKI I. K. N.\YAK SIII~I K. A. SIIENOY( AIrunate ) Ashok Lcyl;lsd Limited, Madras SHKI K. &RTI~~ASAKATIIY Mrthindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombay; and DK R. V. PATHY Producers Association of Allov Steel India, Bombay SIlRI R. NARAYANA(Alternate) Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd. Bombay Modern Steel Ltd, Gobindgarh SHRl H S. PAWI. Ministrv of Steel and Mines I Iron and Steel SImI M. K. PI~AMANIK Co&i1 ), Calcutta
SHRI S. S. SAHA ( Alternate SHRI RAGHUUIR SINGH )

DR V. RAMASWAMY

National Metallurgical Laboratory ( CSIR ), Jamshedpur Steel Authority of India Ltd ( Research and pa;clcipmcnt Centre for Iron and Steel ), &n-&ore

SIIRI

SHRI S. R. MEDIRATTA (Mternatc ) HMT Limited, H. S. RAMACHANDRAN Stlkl P. P. C~I~PRA ( Atfernute I )


SIIIU P. RA~~A PKASAD ( Alternate SIIRI A.~SlIANTHARAM ( Altcmare

11 )

II1 ) SHRI V. N. VENKATESAN ( Alfermtc 1V ) Directorate General of Supplies and Disposals SHRI R. N. SAHA ( Inspection Wing ), New Delhi SHRI D. K. PAUL ( Alternate ) Ministry of Defence ( DGI ) SHRI M. K. ,?,EN SHRI V. 1. RAMASWAMY ( Alternate ) Ministry of Defence ( DGOF ) SHRI D. S. P. SRIVASTAVA Directorate General of Technical Development, SHKI V. V. V~RAUHADRAYYA New Delhi SHR~S. K. JAIN ( Aftrmate ) Director General, ISI ( Ex-officio Member ) SI?RI K. RAGHAVENDRAN, Director ( Strut & Met )

Sccrctary

A. B. TEWARI Deputy Director ( Metals .), IS1

SIIRI

( Continued on pge

16 )

is:1$7O(Part5)-l!m

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART 5 STAINLESS AND HEAT-RESISTING STEELS

( Second Revision)
0. FOREWORD

0.1 This Indian Standard ( Part 5 ) ( Second Revision ) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 30 October 1985, after the draft finalized by the Alloy Steels~and Special Steels Sectional Committee had been approved by the Structural and Metals Division Council.
0.2 This standard was first published in 1961 and subsequently revised in 1972. On the basis of experience gained in the production and use of these steels, it has been decided to issue the present revision of this standard. 0.3 The following major modifications have been incorporated in this revision: a) Chemical compositions of some of the grades in Table 1 have been modified in the light of the indigenous production of these steels. b) Tables 6, 1 I, 12 and 14 of the first revision have been deleted, as sufficient data is not available and such products are not being produced on a mass scale in-the country. c) Other tables have been rationalized and modified of indigenous production of the steels. on the basis

0.4 This schedule is not intended to be used as a standard and for detailed requirements, reference should be made to the following standards: a) IS : 5522-1978 S_tainless steel sheets and coils (first b) IS : 6527-1972 Stainless steel wire rod c) IS : 6528-1972 Stainless steel wire d) IS : 6529-1972 Stainless steel blooms, forgings e) IS : 6603-1972 Stainless steel bars and flats 3 billets and slabs for revisiorz)

IS : 1570 ( Part 5 ) - 1985

f) IS : 6911-1972 Stainless steel plate, sheet and strip g) IS : 7494-1981 Steel for valves for internal combustion (first revision ) h) IS : 9294-1979 blades Cold rolling stainless steel strips

engines for razor

j) IS : 9516-1980 Heat resisting steels 0.5 Mechanical properties given in Tables 2 to 6 are applicable to heat treated steels according 10 the stipulations made in Table 7. The specified mechanical properties are applicable to test samples taken from a standard location which should be included in the specification. 0.6 This standard ( Part 5 ) deals with stainless and heat-resisting steels, other parts of IS : 15;O have already been published are: IS : 1570 ( Part 1 )-1978 Schedules for wrought steels: Part 1 Steels specified by tensile and/or yield properties
(first revision ).

IS : 1570 ( Part 2 )-1979 Schedules for wrought steels: Part 2 Carbon steels ( unalloyed steels ) (first revision ). IS : 1570 ( Part 3 )-1979 Schedules for wrought steels: Part 3 Carbon and carbon manganese free cutting steels
(first revisions).

0.7 Schedules IV and VI of IS : 1570 are also under revision and these lvill also be printed as separate standards in due course. 0.8 Information on the assessment of the ruling sections of bars, forgings and parts is given in Appendix A. 0.9 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with IS : 2-1960*. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.

1. SCOPE
1.1 This star.dnrd ( Part 5 > is applicab!e to steels with a high alloy content primarily intcrded for corrosion and hcnt-rcsistingpurposes and supplied to spcclficd chemical composilion a; given in Table~l. The mechanical propcrtics of these steels arc given in Tables 2 to 6. *Rules for rounding off numerical values
(rcviscd).

IS : 1570 ( Part 5) - 1985


TABLE No. I SPECIFIED CHEMICAL COMPOSITIONS OF HIGH ALLOY STEELS, (Clause 1.1 ) CHEMICAL COMPOSITION Ni 1.0 Max l-0 Max 1.0 Max 1.0 Max 1.0 Max 1.0 Max 1.0 Max 1.0 Max 1 .O Max (6) 1.0 Max 1.0 Max Cr (7) 11.5/13.5 11*5/13*5 12.0/14.0 12.d,14.0 12.0/14.0 16~0/180 15~0/17~0 16.0/18.0 17.5/20.0 17*5/20*0 170/19*0 170/19.0 17*0/ 19.0 16.0/18*0 160/18*0 16.0/180 18*0/20*0 23.0127.0 3.515.5 3.515.5 11~0/15~0 12~0/15~0 1s.o;21.0 1*0/22.0 0.50 Max 1.2Ojl.70 10.5/12.5 1.4p.9 1.51275 3*25/4.50 16.0/18.0 16.Ojl8.0 22.0/25.0 120/15*0 i4.0/26.0 24.0126 0 7.519.5 19.0/21*0 12.0/14.0 16.5/18*5 20.0/22.0 200/22*0 20*0!22.0 20.0/23*0 0.75 Max 2*0/30 2*0,30 2.Oj3.0 3.0/4-o 2.5 Max 5XC-0.80 5XC-0*80t STAINLESS STEELS AND HEAT-RESISTING STEELS

SL

STEEL DESIGNATION C

REMARKS
MO

Nb

S Max

P Mix

(1)
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 24. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. *x04cr X20013 X3CCrl3 *x1 2012

(2)
12

(3) 0.0s Max @08,0*15 0,16/0.25 0.26,0.35 0.3510.45 @12 Max 0*10/0~20 0.95U.20 0.030 Max 008 Max 0.15 Max 0.08 Max 0.08 Max 0.08 Max 0.030 Max 0.080 Mdx 0.08 Max 0.20 Max 0.12 Max 0.20 Max 0.20 Max 0.35/@50 0.25 Max 0.08 Max @040/0~50 @75/@85 @60,0+2 O.SOjO.sO 0.1 S/O.25 0.65iO.75 0.50,0.60 0,48,0.58

(8)

(JO) -

(JJ)
0.030 0.030 0.030 0.030 0.030 0.030 PO30 0.030 0.030 0.030 0.030 0.030 0.030 0.030 0.030 0.030 0.030 0.030 0030 0.030 0.030 0.035 0.030 0.030 0.050 0.030 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035

(12)
0.040 0.040 0.040 0+40 O%O 0.040 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.60

(13)

lOMax
1.0 Max 1.0 Max 1.0 Max 1 *O Max 1-O Max 1.0 Max 2.0 Max 2.0 Max 2.0 Max 2.0 Max 2.0 Max 2.0 Max 2.0 Max 2.0 Max 2.0 Max 1.5 Max 10~0114~0 4.018.0 2-O Max 1.0 M&x 2.0 Max. 2.0 Max 0.30/0.60 0.20/0.60 &40-l,O 1.5 Max 1.5 Max 5.5-7-O 7.0-9.5 8.0-iO.0

1.0 Max 1.0 Max


0.5 Max

X40CrJ 3 X07Crl7 Xl5Crl6Ni2 X108Crl7Mo X02Crl9NilO X04Crl9Ni9 X07Crl8Ni9 X04Crl8NilOTi XO4Crl8NilONb X04Crl7Nil2Mo2 XOZCri7Nil2Mo2 XC4Crl7Nil2Mo2Ti XO4Crl9Ni13Mo3 Xl5Cr25N XO7&17Mn12Ni4 XlOCrl7hh6Ni4 Xl5Cr24Nil3 X4ONil4Crl4W3Si2 X2OCr25Ni20 X04Cr25Ni20 X45Cr9Si3 XSOCr2dSi2Nil X66Crl3 X85CriSMo2V X20Cr2Nil2N X70021Mn6Ni2N X5502iMn8Ni2N X53CrZZMn9Ni4N tFor electrode

1.2512.50
0.50 Max 8*0:12.0 8.0/10.5 8.0/1@0 9.0/12-O 9*0/12.0 10.0/14.0 10.0,140 10.0/14.0 11.0/15.0

1 .O Max 1.0 Max 1.0 Max 1.0 Max 1.0 Max 1-O Max
1.0 Max

IOXC-1.0 -

1-O Max
1.0 Max 1 .O Max 1.0 Max 1 .O Max 1.5 Max 2.0 Max 25 Max 1.5 Max 3.013.75 1.75J22.5 &5 Max 1.0 Max o-75-1.25 0.45-0.85 1.0 Max 0.25 Max

N 0.25 Max N 0.25 Max

W 2.0/3*0

Vauadium

Max

*For free cutting varieties at serial huthbers 1 to 4, Wphur steel Nb 10 C to 1.0 in place of Ti.

and Selenium content shall be as agieed to between ttie purchaser and the manufacturer.

As in the Original Standard, this Page is Intentionally Left Blank

!mw&&w

w$;y&e&-.
Percent Nickel Steels 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 35 40 40 40 45 Steels 220 20.0 22.0 183 217 183 241 241 285 269 217 183

%I? MPa
chromium Y02Ct19NilO XO&r19Ni9 XO7Cr18Ni9 XO4Crl8NilOTi XO4Crll)NilONb ~X04Cd7Ni12MoZ XOZCr17Ni12Mo2 XO4017Nil2Mo2Ti2 XO4Cr19Ni13Mo3 X15Cr24Ni13 X2OCr25Ni20 XO4Cr25Ni20 XO7Cr17Mn12Ni4 XO4Cr12 X12Cr12 X07Cr17 X2Wr13 X30Crl3 Xl5Cr16Ni2 Xl08Cr17Mo X15Cr25N 515 275

Min

Brinell Rockwell B

Mlax %

485
515 515 515 515 515 485 515 515 490 515 515 550 415 450 450

170 205 205 205 205 205 170 205 205 210 210 205 250 Chromium 205 205 205 -

88 183 88
183 183 88 88 88 95 95 95 95 95 95 88 88 95 ~88 -

183 ui 217 217 223 223 217 217

217 ~ 95

20

IS : 1570 ( Part 5 ) - 1985


TABLE 3 MECHANICAL TEST REQUIREMENTS IN ANNEALED QUENCHED OR SOLUTION TREATED COND ITION FOR BARS AND FLATS ( STEEL DESIGNATION

cfuuses 0;s

and 1.1 ) BRINSLL ?iiiitN HRRDMin, NESS Percent MUX

TENSILE 02 PERC~ZNT ELONGATION STRE;3TOla PRooFs&RES" IN;,,mm, MPa MPa: Chromium -Nickel P&ceh Steels 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40

XOZCr19NilO X04Cr19Ni9 XlOCr18Ni9 XO4Crl8NilOTi X04Crl8NilONb X04Cr17Ni12Mo2 X02Crl7Ni12Mo2 X04Cr17Ni12Mo2Ti X04Crl9Ni13Mo3 X15Cr24Ni13 X2Od25Ni20 XO4Cr25Ni20 XOCr17Mn6Ni4 40Ni14Crl4W3Si2

483 517 517 517 517 517 483 517 5r? 490 490 517 515 785

172 207 207 207 207 207 172 207 207 210 210 207 275 345 Chromium-Steels

50

50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 45 40 217 269

- 35

X04Cr12 Xl2Cr12 X07Cr17 X20Cr13 X30Crl3 X40Cr13 X15Cr16Ni2 X108Crl7Mo XlSCr25N

445 483 483 600-750 490

276 276 276 280

20 20 20 241 241 225 285

16 45

269 212

IS:1570(Part5)-1985.
~~TABLE 4 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF STAINLESS STEEL SHEETS, PLATES, STRIPS, BARS AND FLATS IN THE HARDENED AND TEMPERED CONDITION ( Clauses 0.5 and I. 1 ) STEELDESIGNATION X12012 X20013 X30Cr13 X15Cr16Ni2 0.2 PERCENT PROOFSTRESS, Min. MPa 410 490 590 640 TENSILE STRENGTH MPa 590 to -690 to 780 to 830 to 780 880 980 1 030 ELONGATION M!n, Percent 16 14 11 10

NOTE - Elongation values are given on the Gauge Length as per IS : 3803-1976 that is, Lo = 5.65d/sz Percent elongation values given are applicable-to all sizes of sheets, plates, strips and bars of 5 to 100 mm flats of 3 to 30 mm.

TABLE 5

HARDNESS VALUES FOR CUTLERY STEELS IN THE FORM OF BARS, I-LATS, SHEETS, PLATES AND STRIPS ( Clauses 0.5 and 1.1 ) STEELDESIGNATION QUENCHEDAND TEMPERED HARDNESS, Min r-_-___~ HV HRC 500 660 of these grades has already 49 58 been included in

X30Cr13 X108Cr17Mo NOTE - Annealed Tables 2 and 3. hardness

TABLE 6

HARDNESS VALUES -FOR VALVE STEELS HARDENEDAND TEMPERED HB 255.293 255-306 255-306 302 Max 321 Min 321 Min 321 Min

STEEL DESIGNATION X45Cr9Ci3 X80Cr20SiZNil X85Cr18Mo2V X20Cr2Nil2N X70CrZlMn6NiZN X55Cr21 Mn8Ni2N X53Cr22Mn9Ni4N

TABLE 7

RECOMMENDED

HEAT TREATMENT FOR STAINLESS HEAT-RESISTING STEELS ( CIause 0.5 )

STEELS

AND

!!!

STEEL DESIGNATION

ANNEALING/$ LWION TREATMENT CI Quenching Symbol* Temperature Media*

HARDENINQ AND TEMPERINGTREATMENT A Quenching Ta Symbol* Terhperature Media* Temuerature (5) (6) C 950-l - 000 980-l - 030 980-l 030 980-l 030 980-l 030 1000-l 050 (7) 0, a 0. a 0, a 0, 0 0 0, a -

I U

(1)
XO4Cr I 2
X07Cr17 XI .CCr25N20 X12&12 ; X20Cr13 X30Cr13 X15Cr16Ni2 X108Ct17Mo X02Cr19NilO X04Crl9Ni8 X07Cr18Ni9 XO4Crl8NilOTi X04Crl8NilONb XOICr17Ni12ib402 X02Cr17Ni12Mo2 XO4Cr17NilEMo2Ti2 XO4Cr19Ni13Mo3 X07Cr17Mn12Ni4

(2)
A A A A A A A A A S S

(3) C 750-800 750-850 750.850 700-780 770-870 770-870 770-870 750-800 780-880 1 000-l 150 do d? do do do do do do do / /

(4) I.0 a. w 0,

700-750 650-770 630-700 loo-2so 630-700 100-250 -

Q+T
-

Q+T
Q+Tl Q+T2 r w, 0. a do do do do do do do do do Q+T Q+ T -

s
S
S

S
S S S S

X15Cr24Ni13 X2OCr25Ni20 XO4Cr25Ni20 X85Cr18Mo2V X2OCr2Nil2N X7OCr21 Mn6Ni2N X55Cr21 Mn8Ni2N X53Cr22Mn9Ni4N X4OCr13 XlOCr17Mn6Ni4 X40Ni14Cr14W3SiZ

s
S S A ST ST

do do do 7So-850 1000-l 150 980-I 080

do do do F Iv, 0 w, o

Q-t-7 STS (P, si+p ST+P ST+P -

1050-l 1 100-l 1 100-l 1100-l 1 100-l 080 200 200 200 200

o:w , w into consideration

700-750 700-800 730-780t 730-780t 730-780t the size

NOTE - For austenitic stainless steels, the quenching of the material and carbon content of the grade. *A = Annealing. Q = Quenching, T = Tempering S = Softening,f= Furnace, u = Air, w = Water, Stabilization tTemperature Temperature 550C

media shall be selected taking

w L

o= Oil, ST = Solution Treatment P = Patenting

for ageing treatment

IS : 1570 ( Part 5 ) - 1985

APPENDIX ( Clause 0.8 )


INFORMATION

ON RULING SECTION

A-l. The mechanical ~properties obtained from a steel of a given composition are fundamentally influenced by the speed of cooling from a temperature above the upper critical point, that is, from hardening or normalizing temperature. Also for a given method of cooling, for example, oil quenching the rate of cooling is strongly affected by the size and shape of the part being treated. Therefore, for a steel of a given composition, the mechanical properties attained are affected not only by the method of cooling emp!oyed, but also by the size andshape of the part at the time of heat treatment. Thus, although it may be possible to obtain effective hardening by oil quenching a small section of a steel of a particular composition, it may be possible to satisfactory hardening throughout the mass when parts of larger cross-sectional dimensions are oil quenched. In such circumstances~a steel of a different between the composition has to be selected. This inter-relation mechanical properties obtained and the size and shape of the part at the time of heat treatment is sometime referred to as mass effect. A-2. It is, therefore, necessary when selecting the steel which should be used to attain certain specified mechanical properties after heat treatment, to know the size and shape of the part to be heat-treated. The cross-sectional dimensions of that portion of the forging or part, where it is most important to obtain the desired mechanical properties, are regarded as the ruling section of 3he part. In the case of round bar, the diameter is the ruling section, but as many shapes other than round bars require heat treatment, it is desirable to be ableto relate the rates of cooling of other shapes to their equivalent sections of round bar. The diameters of round bars, the centres of which would cool through a. given temperature range at the same rate as the centres of rectangular and square bars of selected sizes have been assessed and the resulting equivalent ruling sections are given in Tables 8 and 9. Table 8 gives the equivalent ruling section in terms of diameter of round bar for rectangular and square sections when oil quenched, while Table 9 gives the same information for air cooling. As examples of how the tables may be applied, the centre of.square section of 100 mm sides will, when oil quenched, cool at the same rate as a round section of 108 mm diameter and the equivalent ruling section of a slab 140 mm wide and 60 mm thick will, for oil quenching be 88 mm. In the case of other regular sections, close approximations may usually be made since the order of decreasing rate of cooling is round, octagonal, hexagonal and 12

IS : 1570 ( Part 5 ) - 1985

square, while oval sections with major axis a and minor axis b will cool more slowly than a round~bar of diameter b but faster than a rectangle
axb.

irb B

18
FIG. 1 RULING SECTION A-3. In the case of parts of non-uniform

1C

section, not only it is necessary to consider which is the most important portion of the forging in which the specified properties are essential, but also to consider the relation of the length of any enlarged portion to its diameter. For example, in the case of a forging with a barrel, the length L of which is greater than the diameter D ( see Fig. IA ), this diameter will be the ruling dimension. In the case of collar, the diameter D1 of which is greater than the thickness T ( see Fig. 1B ), the collar may be considered as a disc of which the thickness is the governing dimension although the ruling section of the part as a whole for practical purposes will be the diameter Do. For forgings where the dimension 5 and thickness Tof the portion of largest cross-section are similar ( see Fig. lC), the dimension A, between the centre and fhe nearest points of the external surface will in general determine the ruling section. 13

( Clause A-2 ) All dimensions in millimetres.

T~mc~~s.w

10

20

30

40

50

60

80

100

120

140

WIDTH 4 (1)

DIAMETER OF EQUIVALENT ROUNDS

(2)
10 14 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 18

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

(11)

10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 300 350 and over X= Gre;

21 26 29 31 32 32 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33 33

32 37 40 43 46 47 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 49 43 48 51 57 60 62 63 63 63 63 63 63 63 63 54 59 66 71 74 76 77 77 78 78 78 78 78

-----65 74 80 85 88 90 91 92 92 92 92 92 87 96 102 108 112 115 117 119 120 121 121

108 117 125 131 136 140 143 145 148 150

130 140 148 154 X X X x X

152 X x X X X X X .

!r than 160 mm.

14

IS : 1570 ( Part 5 ) - 1985


TABLE 9 CONVERSION OF RECTANGULAR AND SQUARE SECTlONS INTO EQUIVALENT RULING SECTIONS, AIR COOLING t Clause A-2 ) All dime&ions in mill~metres. 10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 120 140

DIAMETER OF EQUIVALENT ROWNDS

2)
10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 300
IO

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

(9)

(10)

(11)

20 24 27 29 30 34 33 34 34 34 35 35 35 35 37

30 34 38 41 45 47 49 50 51 51 52 52 53 54

13 15 16 16 17 17 17 17 17 17
r8

40 45 49 54 ~58 62 64 66 67 68 69 70 71 78

51 55 62 68 72 76 79 81 83 85 86 88 -97

61 70 76 82 86 90 93 95 98 200 104 115 81 90 98 104 109 114 117 121 125 131 152 102 111 119 126 132 137 142 147 155
X

122 132 140 148 154 X X X X 142 152 X X X X X X

18 18 18 18

59 350 and 20 39 over X = Grei :r than 160 mm.

15

IS : 1570 ( Part 5 ) - 1985


( Con tinuedfrom page 2 )

Stainless,

Heat Resisting and Valve Steels Subcommittee,


Convener

SM.DC 19 : 7
(Alloy Steels

Representing

SHRI M. K. DUTTA

Steel Authority

of India Plant ), Durgapur

Ltd

Members
SHRI R.-C. JHA ( Alternate to Shri M. K. Dutta ) Engine Valves Ltd, Madras SHRI B. R. BALIGA SHRI S. SRIDHARN ( Alternate 1 Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Ltd, Bhadravati SHRI B. C. BASAVARAJ* SHRI G. R. PRAKASH ( Afternate ) Fertilizer Corporation of India Ltd, Sindri SHRI c~~yn4R.4~ SHRI P. R. ROY ( Alternate ) Ministry of Railways DEPUTY DIRECTOR I MET-I ) ASSISTANTDIRECTOR ST& ( MP )-VIJI ( Alternate ) Ahmedabad Advance Mills Ltd, Navsari SHRI D . CiADH SHRI ASIM CHATTERJEE ( Alternate ) Nuclear Fuel Complex, Hyderabad IM -N. K~NDAC RAO Engineers India Ltd, New Delhi DR TEGH B. KOSHAL Jindal Strips Ltd, Hissar SHRI M: K. LUTHRA SHR~ S.-S. NEGI ( Alternate ) Mishra Dhatu Nigam Ltd, Hyderabad CDR K. N. MADHAV RAO SHRIS. N. JHA ( Alterkate~) Research and Development Centre for Iron SHRI S. R. MEDIRATTA and Steel *(SAIL), Ranchi DR S. K. SEN ( Afternote ) Tata Iron and Steel Co Ltd. Jamshedpur SRRI A. N. MITRA SHRI SURESHGUPTA ( Alternate ) Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombay DR R. V. PATTY SHRI R. NARAYANAN ( Alternate ) National Metallurgical Laboratory ( CSIR ), REPRESENTATIVE Jamshedpur Chemical Plant and Machinery Association of SHRI D. D. SHARMA India, Bombay SHRI Y. L. MIDHA ( Alternate ) Salem Steel Projects (SAIL), Salem DR L. K. SINGHAL SHRI B. B. PATNAIK ( Alternate )

16

-BUREAU
Headquarters:

OFF INDIAN

STANDARDS

Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar ~Marg, NEW DELHI 110002 Telephones: 331 01 31, 331 13 75 Telegrams: Manaksanstha ( Common to all Offices ) Regional Offices: Telephone Central : Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, NEW DELHI 110002 *Eastern : 1 /14 C. I. T. Scheme VII M, V. I. P. Road, Maniktola, CALCUTTA 700054 Northern : SC0 445-446, Sector 35-C, CHANDIGARH 160036 Southern : C. I. T. Campus, MADRAS tWsstern : Manakalaya, E9 MIDC, BOMBAY 400093 600113 331 01 31 331 1375 I 36 24 99 21843 3 16 41 I 41 24 42

1 4: 295:t Marol, Andheri ( East ), 6 32 92 95

Branch Offices: Pushpak. Nurmohamed Shaikh Marg, Khenpur. 2 63 48 AHMADABAD 380001 I 2 63 49 +,Peenya Industrial Area 1st Stage, Bangalorelumkur Road 38 49 55 BANGALORE 560058 38 49 56 I Gangotri Complex, 5th Floor, Bhadbhada Road, T. T. Nagar, 667 16 BHOPAL 462003 5 36 27 Plot No. 82/83, Lewis Road. BHUBANESHWAR 751002 5316. Ward No. 29, R.G. Barua Road, 5th Byelane, 3 31 77 GUWAHATI 781003 5-8-56C L. N. Gupta Marg ( Nampally Station Road ), 23 1083 HYDERABAD 500001 63471 R14 Yudhister Marg, C Scheme, JAIPUR 302005 i 6 98 32 _ 21 68 76 117/418 B Sarvodaya Nagar, KANPUR 208005 1 21 ~82 92 Patliputra Industrial Estate, PATNA 800013 6 23 05 TX. No. 14/l 421. University P.O.. Palayam 162104 TRIVANDRUM 695035 16 21 17 /nspection Offices ( With Sale Point ): Pushpanjali. First Floor, 205-A West High Court Road, 2 51 71 Shankar Naaar Sauare, NAGPUR 440010 Institution of Engineers ( India ) Building, 1332 Shivaji Nagar, 5 24 35 PUNE 411005 Street. Calcutta 700072
*Sales Office in Calcutta is

at 5 ChowringheeApproach,P. 0. Princep 27 68 00
is at Novelty Chambers, Or&t Road, 89 65 28

tSeles Office in Bombey Bombay 400007 $Sales Office in Bangalore Bangalore 560002

is at Unity Building, Narasimharaja

Square,22 36 71 India

Reprography

Unit,

BIS,

New Delhi,

Indian Standard SCHEDULES


PART (

FOR WROUGHT
AND ALLOY TOOL STEELS

STEELS

6 CARBON

First Revision )

ICS 77.140.20;

25.100

0 BIS 1996

BUREAU
MANAK

OF
BHAVAN, 9

INDIAN
BAHADUR NEW DELHI 110002

STANDARDS
SHAH ZAFAR MARG

bxxrnhcr-

I996

Price

Group

Alloy

Steels and Special

Steels Sectional

Committee,

MTD

16

FOREWORD This Indian Standard (Part 6) (First Revision) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards, after the draft finalized by the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee had been approved by the Metallurgical Engineering Division Council. This standard was first published in 1961. On the basis of the experience gained in the production and use of steels, the Sectional Committee has decided to revise the standard and issue it in parts. The other parts are: Part 1 Part 21 Set 1 Part 21 Set 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5 Part 7 In this revision,
21

Steels specified

by tensile

and/or yield properties

(first revision) and related properties

Carbon steels (unalloyed steels), Wrought products (other than wire) with specified chemical composition (first revision) Carbon Carbon Carbon steels (unalloyed steels), steel wires with related properties and carbon manganese free cutting Cfirst revision) steels @-st revisinn)

Alloy steels (alloy constructional and spring steels) with specified chemical mechanical properties (first revision) Stainless, and heat resisting Steels for elevated the following steels (second service revision) steels)

composition

and

temperature

(creep resistant

modifications

have been made: with IS 1762 (Part (first revision). I) : 1974 Code for

Steel designations have been modified in accordance designation of steels: Part 1 Based on letter symbols Tool steels are divided 1) 2) 3) 4) Unalloyed Alloyed Alloyed into four categories: tool steels

b)

cold worked

cold woik tool steels hot work tool steels

High speed steels of this revised standard, assistance has been derived from the following Organization Overseas standards: ISO.

In the preparation IS0 DIN

DIS 49.57-1980

Tool steels, issued by International lnstitut

for Standardization, DIN.

17350- 1980 Tool steels, issued by Deutsches

Fur Normung,

ASTM A-600-1989 ASTM A-681-1991

Tool steels high speed, issued by American Tool steels alloys, issued by American Tool steels carbon, issued by American

Society for Testing and Materials, Society for Testing Society for Testing and Materials, and Materials,

ASTM. ASTM. ASTM.

ASTM A-6X6-1989

For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test, shall be rounded off in accordance with IS 2 : 1960 Rules for rounding off numerical values (revised). The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard.

IS 1570 ( Part 6 ) : 1996

Indian Standard

SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT


PART 6 CARBON AND ALLOY (

STEELS

TOOL STEELS

First Revision )
2 GRADES

SiOPE

1.1 This standard is applicable to carbon and alloy tool steels supplied to a specified composition as given in Tables 1, 2, 3 and 4. 1.2 This schedule is not intended to be used as specification to which steel will be ordered. The orders shall be placed to the relevant detailed specifications.

The tool steelsare divided into four broad categories, namely: Unalloyed Cold Work Tool Steels, TC (Table 1) Alloyed Cold Work Tool Steels, TAC (Table 2) Alloyed Hot Work Tool Steels, TAH (Table 3) High Speed Steels, THS (Table 4)

Table l Unalloyed Cold Work Tool Steels, TC ( Clauses 1.1 and 2 )


Grade Designation as per IS 1762 (Part 1) : 1974 (2) Chemical Y---E (3) 0.4%0.55 0.X)-0.60 0.5.5-0.65 0.60-0.70 0.65-0.75 0.70-0.80 0.75-0.85 0.80-0.90 0.65X.75 0.75-0.85 0.8%0.95 0.95-1.10 1.10-1.2s 1.25-1.40 Composition. Si (4) 0.1 o-0.3.5 0. I o-o.35 0. IO-O.35 0.1 o-o.35 0.10-0.3s 0.10-0.35 0. IO-O.35 0. IO-O.35 0.10-0.30 0. 10-0.30 0. I o-0.30 0.1 o-0.30 0. IO-O.30 0. IO-O.30 Percent M;;\ (5) 0.60-0.90 0.60-0.90 0.50-0.80 0.50-0.80 0.50-0.80 0.50-0.80 0.50-0.x0 0.50-0.80 0.40 Ma 0.40 MUX 0.40 Mtrx

(I) TC TC TC TC TC TC TC TC TC

1
2 3 4 5 6 7 X 9

SOT8 SST8 6OT6 6ST6 70T6 7ST6 80T6 8ST6 70T3 8OT3 90T3 103T3 I 18T3 133T3

TC 10 TC II TC 12 TC 13 TC 14

0.40 MUX
0.40 Mu 0.40 MUX

NOTES 1 For all steels: S and P 0.035 percent, A4r1.v. 2 For all steels: CI- 0.20 percent Mu. Cu 0.25 percent

MUX and Ni 0.25 percent,

Mrs.

IS 1570

( Part

6 ) : 1996 Table 2 Alloyed Gold Work Toal Steels, ( Clauses 1.1 and 2 )
Chemical Si Ml1 0) 0.40 MUX 0.40 Max 0.40 MUX 0.40 MUX 0.40 MUX 0.20-0.40 0.40-0.80 0.2%o.so 0.x-0.80 0.50-0.80 0.40-0.70 0.50-0.80 0.50-0.80 0.50-0.80 0.40-0.70 0.40-0.70 0.40-0.70 0.40 Max 0.90Ni Composition, Cr (7) 0.30-0.60 0.30-0.60 1.OO- I .60 0.30-0.40 0.25-0.3s 0.20-0.3s 0.40-0.70 0.40-0.70 0.25 Mu 0.20-0.30 -

TAG

Grade

Designation as per IS 1762 (Part 1) : 1974 4

Percent MO (8) V (9) 0. I s-o.30 0.15-0.30 0. IS-O.30 0.30 MLx 0.30 MUX W (IO)

(1) TAC TAC TAC TAC TAC TAC TAC TAC TAC I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

* (2)
TXOV2 T90V2 T103V2 TI 1802 TI3SCr2 TIOSCrS TlOSCrSMn2 T140WlSCr2 T60Ni.5 T40Ni14 T30Ni16CrS TSSNi6Cr3 TSONiCrMo4 TSSNibC3Mo3 T4ONi6Cr4Mo.3 T30NiIOCr3Mo6 T4ONiIOCr3Mo6 TIOSW6CrV2 Tl IOMn4W6Cr4 T90Mn6WCr2 XTI60Cr12 XT2ISCr12 TSSCr3 T4SCrSSi3 TSSCr3V2 TSOCr4V2 TSSSi7 TSSSi7Mo3 T4OW8CrSV2 TSOW8CrSV2

(3)
0.75-0.8.5 0.85-0.95 0.95-O. 10 1.10-1.2s 1.25-1.40 0.90- 1.20 0.90-1.20 1.30-I.50 O.SS-0.65 0.x-0.45 0.25-0.3s 0.50-0.60 0.4%0.55 0.50-0.60 0.35-0.45 0.2.5-0.35 0.35-0.4.5 0.90-l .20 1.00-1.20 0.8%0.9s 1.50-1.70 2.00-2.30 0.50-0.60 0.40-0.50 O.SO-0.60 0.45-05s 0.50-0.60 0.50-0.60 0.35-0.4s 0.4%0.55

(4) 0.10-0.3.5 0. IO-O.35 0.10-0.3s 0.1 o-o.35 0.10-0.35 0.10-0.3s 0.

(6)
-

3.50-4.20 1.25-1.7.5 I .2s- 1.75

I o-o.35

I.OOI .60
0.30-0.70

0.10-0.3s 0.10-0.3s 0.10-0.15


0. IO-O.35 0.10-0.3s 0.10-0.35 0. I o-o.35 0. IO-O.35 0.10-0.3.5 0.10-0.7.5 0: 10-0.3s 0.10-03 0.10-0.3.5 0.1 o-o.35

I .oo-1.so
3.20-3.60 3.90-4.30 1.25-I .65 0.80-1.00 1.25-1.75 1.25-1.75 2.25-2.7s 2.25-2.75 -

0.30 MUX 0.30 Max 1.10-1.40 0.50-0.80 0.80-1.00 0.50-0.80 0.90-I

TAC IO TAC

II

TAC 12 TAC 13 TAC I4 TAC IS TAC 16 TAC 17 TAC 18 TAC 19 TAC 20 TAC 21 TAC 22 TAC 23 TAC 24 TAC 25 TAC 26 TAC 27 TAC 2X TAC 29 TAC 30

.30

0.50-0.80 0.50-0.80 0.40-0.80 0.90-l .30 0.30-0.60

1.30

I .25-I .75 0.250.55 0.2s0.50

0.25 MUX ') 0.40-0.60 0.80 MUX 0.80 Mtrxl 0.80 MUX -

11 .o-13.0
11.0-13.0 0.60-0.80 1.20-1.60 0.60-0.80 0.90.

0.I o-o.35

0.80 MUX') -

0.10-0.4.5 0.60-0.80
0.80-1.10 0. IO-O.35 0.10-0.3s 1.so-2.00 1.SO~2.00 o.so- 1.oo 0.50-l .oo o.ss-0.75 0.60-0.80 0.50-0.80 0.80-I .OO 0.80-I .OO 0.20-0.40 0.20-0.40

0. I o-0.20

1.lS-2.25 I .7S-2.25

I .20

0. I s-0.30 -

0.25-0.40 I .oo- I .so 1.00-I.SO

0.12-0.20 0.10-0.25 0. IO-O.25

NOTE -

For all steels: P and S 0.035 percent,

MUX each.
is given, it would apply to either molybdenum alone or molybdenum

) Optional (wherever optional and tungsten together).

limit for molybdenum

IS 1570 Table 3 Alloyed Hot Work Tool Steels, ( Cluuses 1.l and 2 )
Chemical C Si (4) 0. IO-O.35 0.80Mn Composition, Ni

( Part

6 ) : 1996

TAH

Grade

Designation as per IS 1762 (Part 1) : 1974

Percent Cr (7) MO V (9) 0.25-0.50 0.20-0.40 1.00-1.20 0.20-0.40 0.30-0.60 0.07-o. 12 0.07-O. 12

-(:I 8.0 10.0 1.20-I .60 13.0. IS.0 -

(1)
TAH TAH TAH TAH TAH TAH TAH

(2)

(3)
0.25-0.40 0.30-0.40

(3
0.20-0.40 0.25-0.50 0.25-0.50 0.25-0.50 0.20-0.40 0.65-0.95 0.65-0.95
Max

(6)

(8)

I
2 3 4 5 6 7

XT33W9Cr3V4 XT35CrSMolV3 XT3SCrSMoV XT3SCrSMoW

2.80-3.30 I .SO- I .80 I .%)-I.80 4.75-5.50 4.7s-5.50 4.75-5.50 2.80-3.30 0.60-0.80 1.00-1.20

1JO- 1.60

1.20

I
IV3

0.30-0.40 0.30-0.40 0.50-0.60 1 0.50-0.60

0.80-1.20 0.80-1.20 0. IO-O.35 0.10-0.3s 0.10-0.3s

I .20- 1.60
1.20-1.60 0.25-0.3s 0.45-0.55

XTSSW 14Cr3V4 TSSNi7CrSMo3V TSSNi7Cr4MoSV

1 0.50-0.60

NOTE -

For all steels: S and P 0.035 percent,

each.

Table

4 High

Speed

Steels,

THS

( Clauses 1.I and 2 )


Grade ~Designation as per IS 1762 (Part 1) : 1974 A(2) Chemical C (3 0.73-0.33 0~95-1.0s 0.77-0.87 0.82-0.92 I.151.30 0.7%0.85 0.75-0.85 0.85-0.9.5 1.45-1.60 1.20-1.35 1.os9.50-10.50 4.70-5.20 4.70-5.20 4.70-S.20 9.50-10.50 7.50-8.50 4.70-5.20 Composition, Cr (3 3.m4.so 3.m4.50 3.50-4.50 3.50-4.m 3.50-4.50 3.m4.50 3.50-4.50 3.50-4.50 3.50-4.50 3.50-4.50 3.50-4.50 3.50-4.50 8.00-9.00 8.00-9.00 4.60-5.30 4.60-5.30 0.70-I .oo 4.60-5.30 0.70-I .oo 3.20-3.90 9.00Percent

co
(4)

Mii
(6)

V (7) 0.90- 1.20

WY (8) 17.20-1x.70

(1) THS THS THS THS THS THS THS THS THS

I
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

XT78W 18Cr4V 1 XTIOOMo9Cr4W2V2 XT82Mo8Cr4W 1V 1

I .70-2.20
0.90-I .40 1.70-2.20 2.70-3.20 1.30-I .80 1.10-1.60 1.70-2.20 4.7s-s.55 3.00-3.50 0.90.

1.so-2.10 1.40-2.00
5.70-6.70 5.70-6.70 17.20-18.70 17.20-18.70 s.70.6.70 11.5-13.0 9.0-10.0

XT87W6MoSCr4V2 XTl22W6MoSCr4V3 XT8OW I3Co I OCr4V2 XTIOW lSCoSCr4MolVl XT90W6CoSMoSCr4V2 XTlS2Wl2CoSVSCr4Mol XT127WlOColOCr4Mo4V3 XT1 12Mo9CoKr4W2Vl XT1 12W7CoSCr4Mo4V2

THS 10 THSll THS 12

I .20

IO.00

I .40

I .30-1.90
6.40-7.40

1.05-l .20

L-3.50-4.20

1.70-2.20

NOTES For all grades, Si = 0.50 percent, Max, Mn = 0.40 percent, Mm, P = 0.030 percent, added Mnx, S = 0.030 percent, and should not exceed Mu. the limits of

Where Co and MO are not specified, these should not be intentionally Co = 1.00 percent, Mm, and MO = 0.70 percent, Mu.

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( Reaffirmed 1998 )

Indian Standard

SCHEDULE FOR WROUGHT STEELS


PART 7 STEELS FOR ELEVATED TEMPERATURE (CREEP RESISTANT STEELS ) SERVICE

( Second Reprint APRIL 1998 )

UDC

669*14*018*44 (083.4)

@ BIS 1992

BUREAU
MANAK

OF
BHAVAN,

INDIAN

STANDARDS
ZAFAR MARG

9 BAHADUR SHAH NEW DELHI 110002

May 1992

Price Group 7

Alloy Steels aud Special

Steels Sectional

Committee,

MTD

16

FOREWORD This Indian Standard was adopted by the Bureau Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee, Division Council. of Indian Standards, had been approved after the draft finalized by the by the Metallurgical Engineering

Schedules for wrought steels for general engineering purposes ( IS 1570 : 1961 ) was first published in 1961. On the basis of the experience gained in the production and use of steels, the Sectional Committee has decided to revise the standard and issue it in parts. The other parts of the standard are as follows: Part Part Part Part Part Part 1 2 3 4 5 6 Steels specified Carbon by tensile and/or steels ) steels ) yield properties steels ( Unalloyed

Carbon and carbon manganese free cutting steels Alloy steels ( excluding stainless and heat-resisting Stainless and heat-resisting steels Tool steels does not give limits for sulphur and phosphorus.

This schedule specifications.

These

have

to be specified

in the detailed

For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis shall be rounded off in accordance with IS 2 : 1960 Rules for rounding off numerical values ( revised ). The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard,

IS 1570 ( Part 7 ) : 1992

Indian Standard

SCHEDULEFOR
1 SCOPE

WROUGHTSTEELS
to creep due to their alloy contents. The permissible deviations between analysis and product analysis are given in Table 2 and the heat treatment schedule is given in Table 5. 2.3 These steels are suitable for hot working and cold forming operations and they may generally be welded by the usual welding processes. The hot working characteristics of austenitic steels should be noted. 2.4 In addition to defining the composition limits, the specified mechanical properties applicable to the different conditions are included. Table 3 gives the mechanical properties at room temperature and Table 4 gives proof stress at elevated temperature. Table 6 ( for guidance only ) include the data for steels for average creep stresses for 1 o/o elongation and rupture stresses for 10 000, 30 000, 51 000, 100 000, 150 000, 200 000 and 250 000 h. 2.5 The specified mechanical properties are applicable to test samples taken from a standard location which should he included in the specification.

PART 7 STEELS FOR ELEVATED TEMPERATURE SERVICE ( CREEP RESISTANT STEELS )

1.1 This Schedule ( Part 7 ) covers the technical and informations for wrought requirements carbon, low alloy and high alloy steels for elevated temperature applications used for the construction of steam and water boilers, pressure vessels, turbines, water and steam pipe line as well as other power generating plants. They are delivered as strips, sheets, plates, pipe lines, forgings and forged, rolled or drawn bars as well as blooms and billets. 2 GENERAL 2.1 While preparing Indian Standards, or revising the existing standards, steels listed in this schedule shall be selected. The specification of mechanical properties different from those given in this schedule should not be made unless special conditions of service render this essential. In that event, full reasons for the proposed departure from the steels specified in this schedule shall be submitted to the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee, MTD 16 and its approval obtained. 2;2 The ladle analysis of the steels is given in Table 1. These steels have an Increased resistance

Table

1 Type of Steel, Chemical

Composition

and Typical

Forms

( Clause 2.2 )
Type
of Steel
#.-------4-_-----______

Chemical
-__-----*---a---

Composition,

wt. y
_-___
MO

-.--I_--Ni (9) 030 Max 0.30 0.35 Mu Max

.____
V (10) ---

Typical
--v----e

Form

Si (3) 010 to 035 0.10 to W35 0.10 to 035 010 to 0.35 010 to 0.35

Mn (4) 040 to 120 U50 tc, 130 040 lo 1 %Jo 0.60 to 140 040 to 080

Cr (7) 0.25 Max 0.25 Max W25 Max

w
(11) -

Others (12) cu 0.30 Max Cl1 030 Max CU 030 Max CU O-30 Max CU 030 Max Al met 002 Max (13) Plates Plates Sz;Tless with pjpes pipes scam do

Max (1)
1) Fe360H 2) Fe4lOH 3) 12C7H

Max

(2)
0 20 Max 020 Max 017

(5) 003 004 0,045

(6)
0.03 o-03 0045

(8) 0'10 Max


010 Max -

Max

4) 18ClOH 5) 16Mo3H

015 to 022 012 to 0.20

0.045 004

0.045 004 0.30 Max 0.25 0.35

to

035 Max 0.35 Max

Seamless pipes bars forgings steel plates

6)

15Mo6H

o-10 to 0.20 @I5 Max

7) lOMo6H N 8) 20Mo5H

015 0.25

to

010 to 050 050 to 100 010 to 035

030 to 080 0.30 to 0.60 090 to 140

0045 WO30 004

0045 0030 0.04

100 to 150 O-30 Max

044 to 0 65 0.45 to fJ.60 040 to 0.60

0.30 MUX

_Cu 0.30 Max Al met 0.02 Max Al met 002 Max aeam Al met 0.02 Max Al met 0.02 Max Al met WO2 Max Steel plate,s

9) 12Cr4Mo5H

010 to 018 010 to 0.18 008 to 015 0.15 Max 0.35 to 045 0.17 0.25 to

010 to 0.35 010 035 010 0.50 025 10 0.10 035 to to to to

040 to 070

0.040

0.70 to 110 030 to 060 0040 0030 0035

045 to 065

S;;;leo

10) 12Cr2Mo5V2H 11) 12Cr9MolOH 12) lOCr36MolOH 13) 4OCrMoH 14) 21CrMoVH 15) 40CrMoVH 16, 20CrMoVTi BH 17) 25Cr2MoVH 18) 20Cr2MoVH 19) 12Cr13H

0040 xz to 030 to 070 030 to 0.60 0.40 to 070 0.40 080 0.45 085 05 to to
Max

:z 190 2.60 8.00 IO%0 1.00 150 to to to to 090 to 115 0.90 to 110 0.50 to 0.80 0.65 to 0 80 ::75z to 0.8 to 110 090 to 120 0.60 to 080 -

0040 0.040 0035 0030 0030 003

022 to 0.32 -

pipes pipes with plates Seamless pipes plater Seamless pipes bars, forgings Seamless pipes Bar, forging do do Bars, forgings

040 Max 010 to 035 035 Max

1.2 to 150 003 003 Y:E to 0.9 12 to

060 Max

025 to 0.35 0.25 to 035 07 to 10 0.20 to 030 W20 to 0.30 -

0.86 to 044 017 to 024 020 030 020 030 to to

Ti 005 to 012 B 0.005 Cl1 030 Max cu 0*30 Mm

050 Max

020 to 050 020 to 050 1.00 Max

030 to 060 030 10 OGO 100 Max

0.030 0030 0040

0025 0030 0030

15 to I80 1.5 to 1.80 115 14WI to

0*40 Max 040 Max 100 Max

Forgings Bars, Bar, plates forgings forging

0.09 to 015

Table 1 ( concluded )
Type of Steel --------, C __-_Si (3) 0'60 Max 0.60 Max 035 Max 050 Max Chemical Composition, wt. y0 ____ -__--*--_--___-_-----~__.__~~-~ Cr MO P AL% Ma* (5) 0.040 0040 0.040 0040 (6) 0035 0035 0.030 0030 (7) 115 to 1300 115 to 1300 110 to 125 110 to 12.50 to 10 to 12 (8) 040 to 080 040 to 080 1.5 to 200 07 to 120 05 10 to Typical Form Ni (9) 10 Max 10 20 30 Max to V (10)

Mn
(4) 0.40 to 100 040 to 100 050 to 090 100 Max 03 to 024

Others

(1) 20) 12Cr12MoH 21) 12Crl2MoVH 22) 12Cr12Ni2Mo 23) $K$l2MoNi

(2) 008 to 016 008 to 016 008 to 0.16 O-17 to 0.23 0.16 to 024

(11) -

(12)
-

(13) Bar, forging Bar, forging

0.10 to 0% 025 to 040 020 to 035 01 030

030 to 100 0.3 to 100

N 002 to 004 -

Bar, plate

forging

forging Bar, reamless Bar forging

24) $IC$NiMoNb

tt& to 075 Max 1.00 Max 100 Max

8z0

to

y$o

to

Bin@yoMax Ma; Nb02 to 0.50

25) 7Cr18NilOH

0.04 to 010 0030 Max 008 Max

200 Max

0045

0.030

17.00 to 2000 17.00 to 19.00 16.00 to 1800 16.00 10 1800 1700 to 2000 1700 to 1900 15.5 to 17.50 00.006 0 135 to 1600

800 to 1200 900 to 1300 10.00 to 1400 1000 to IWO 9.00 to 13W -

26) 3Crl8NillH 27) 6Cr17Ni12 Mo2H 28) 3g317Ni12Mo

200 Max 200 Max

0045 0.045

0030 0.030

200 to 300 200 to 300

0030 Max

1.00 Ma%

200 Max

0045

0030

Seamless tubes, bars, plates forgings Plates, forgings seamless tubes Seamless pipes, bars, forgings plates Plates,seamless tubes Seamless pipes, bars forgings

29) 7Cr19Nill TiH 30) 7C$rNi I1

004 to 010 004 to 010 0.07 to 015 003 to 008

020 to 080 075 Max 1.00 Max

200 Max

0045

0030

Ti> 4xc< 060

200 Max

0045

0030

forgings 100 to 150

9.00 to 13%0 1200 to 14.50 24.00 to 2700

31) 1 lCrl7Ni 13W3TiH

100 Max 200 Max

0045

0030

100 Max

0045

0.030

yob,, ps&== Seamlesspipes, . bars, forgings, plates 25 to Ti > 4xc Seamlesspipes, 35 <O-80 B bars forgings O*OOO 6 Max OlOto Ti 19 to Bars forgings, 050 230 Seamless pipe Al met 035 Max B WOO3to 0010

Element not quoted in this table shall not be intentionally added to the steel without the agreement of the purchaser, All reasonable precautions shall be taken to prevent the addition, from scrap or other materials used in manufacture, mechanical properties and applicability.

other than for the purpose of finishing the heat. of such elements which effect the hardenability

IS1570(Part 7 ) : 1992
Table 2 Permissible Deviation Between Specified Analysis and Prodact Analysis ( Clause2.1 )

Element % CuptoO~25 C above 0.25 si up to 10 Mn up to 2.0

Permissible

DeviPtions*

f f f f

002 003 005 00.5

P up

to 005

+ O-005 + 0005 + 003 f 0.05

s up to 005 Cr up to Above

I
1 up to 25

Above 25 up to 1090 Above IO.0

l 010
f 0.15

Ni up to 1 Above Above

+ 0.03 f 0.05

1 up to 2.5
100

* O-10 + O-03 f f f f f 005 o-02 002 0005 0005

MO up IO Above

I 1

v cu
Al Nb W *The specified cast.

+ 010

deviations, other than when maximum or minimum only are specified, apply either above or below the limits of the range but not both above and below for the same element from sample products from the same

IS 1570 ( Part 7 ) I 1992 Table 3 Mechanical Properties at Room Temperature

( Clause 2.4 )
Tvue -.. of Bend) Steel Pro duct Heat) Treatmdnt bver Thickness mm Hardnesst) RB R&23) MPa
Rm4)

-Miin

Up to aod Including (5) 16 40 1:; 150


(3) -

MPa A-._-Min Max

Min

Ab) KVQ

Max J (11) -

Bend) Test D MflX (12) 05 a

(1)
1 Plate (2) N

(3)

(4) 3 16 : 100 3 z

Plate Quadrangular seamless pipe Seamless and pipe seam Seamless and pipe
seam

G 1:: 150 -

(7) 205 195 185 175 170 225 215 205 :z 215

(8) 360

(9)
480

410

520

2a

pipe with pipe


with

N
HFaN

1: -

360

480

4a

265

460 440

580 590

22

4a

Seamless pipes, steel plates Bars, forgings Tuber Tubes Steel plates

N,N+T

3 2 63 3 16 tB

16 :; 100 16 z 100 16 40 1:: 16 :: 100 200 250 100 200 200 900 600

Q+T
N+T

6 7 8

N+T
N+T

260 250 250 Note 8 250 205 205 355 345 345 Note 8 :z 305 305 Note 8

3a

;t
440

5% 660

;z 17 22 30. 21 f :, 19 22 g 18 3a

380 415 510

Pipes Plates

448 470

590

3a

3 16 E!

620

Bars, forgings 10 Pipes Plates

N+T

Q+T
N+T N+T

1: 2

255 -

410 375 275 285 285 285 Note 8 275 135 275 275 335 135 390 635 550 700 635 680-780 420 500 550 450

560 540 460 460

690 610 610

!E 15 19

35 a

11

Bars., forgmgs Pipes Bars, forgings

N+T

Q+T
A N+T M+T :+T

Q+JJ

12 13 14 15 16 17

Pipes Bars, forgings Bar?, forgmgs Bars, forgmga Bars, forgings Forgings of turbine shafts

460 410 490 % 410 590 850 700 850 800 800 630 630 El

610 560 640 E % 1000 850 1000 950

16 200 :: 15 20 :: 16 14 14 15

Q+T Q+T

ii
63

205-250 241-269 At the average 200 do 220

Q+T Q+T
N+T

loo -

2: -

850

16 16 :6 -

18

Bars, forgings

2s 1570( Part 7 ) t 1992 Table 3 ( concluded )

TS-Bend) Steel

Pr0dlWt

Treatment
e-d-*

Heatl)

Tkicknese mm
----

Hudnesst~

RR

her

Up to and Including (5) 160 25 160 25 75 150

(6) 175-235 > 192

ow Rr* I&

Rm4) MPm

Min

A5) KW
Max J

Bead) Test Lx

Mh (7) 265 420 490 585 285-331 280-330 255-280 265-310 265-310 785 785 590 700 750 195 195 175 175 205 205 205 185 185 155 195 205 2:: 175-235 248-341 398 220 600

M&

(1) 19

(2)
Bars, forgings plates Bars, forgings A

(3)

(4) 0; 05

(8)
470 590 680 770 930 930 780 900 900 490 490 490 440 510 490 490 448

(9)
670 780 880 930 1 130 I 130

(10) 20 16 20 15 $ 14 II 10 !8 45 El 45 30 :: 30 4:;

(11)
60
40

( 12)
-

Q+T Q+T Q+T Q+T

20
21 22 23 24 25

Bars, forgings Bars, forgings Bars, forgings plates Bars, forgings Seamless pipe Bars, forgings Tubes, forgings plates Tubes, forgings plates Pipes, ban forginga plates Tubes, platen

25 40 27 20 20

05

1560 250 250 250

Q+ Ta
Q+T Q

Q+

I 050
1 050 % 690 640 710 690

930

3 40 3 30 3 40 3 40 -

40 63 30 50 40 63

26

27

28

29 30

Pipes bars,

forgings

Ql Q Q hot cold
worked S+P S+P

E 510 490

690 710 710 690 808 730 ll60

30 30 30 3: 25 35 15 55 70 40 -

Pipes, bars, forgings plates Bars, forgings pipes Bars, forgings pipes plates

s 40 :: 60 100 5 05 Q250 63 quenched, T -

31

600 500 900

32

11 A = Annealed, N = normalised, hot finished HF= s) In case of dispute,


4) Rm=

tempered,

S = solution

treated,

P - precipitation

hardened.

the tensile strength

value is deciding.

s, Rp 02 = 02 O/eproof st?ess. tensile strength. length of Lo = 565 for both test pieces if it is not less than w AP elongation after fracture. In case, of bars the values are valid for test pieces with a gauge the values are valid z/S%( So 3 original cross-sectional area ). In the case of flat products, either of 20 mm width and 80 mm gauge length or of 125 width and 50 mm gauge length. sl Average of three test results. 70% of that value. 71 KV = impact energy s) Drnaa = maximum diameter One individual teat pieces. a thickness of teat piece. for the thickness range > 40 mm but < 63 mm are value may be below the specified value provided

of V-notch

of mandrel,

91 For thickness > 63 mm but < 100 mm, the value specified lowered by 1% for each 5 mm thickness over 63 mm.

Table 4 Proo~Stnss

at fievated femperatmrem ( @or Gui&ace ( Claus 2.4 )

Oaiy i

TJ-JP Steel

Product

Treatment

lid)

Thickness

mm

-0lW

up to ami Including (5) 16 40 63 100 3 63 180 40 48

loo
(61

158 (7) 172 169 158 148 200 192 182 170 176 223 232

280 (8) 168 162 152 144 195 185 175 166 165 212 218

250 (9) 150 144 141 136 174 165 162 157 145 195 200

Rp 92 Mftt in MPa at Temperature C -----550 608 350 400 450 300 500 (11) 117 117 117 117 137 137 137 137 111 162 153 (12) 115 115 115 115 tz 133 133 109 159 148 (13) (14) (15) 06)

650 (17)

700 (18)

750 (19)

800

(1)
1

Plate

(2)
N

(3)

(4) 3 16 40 63 1: 48 63

(10)
124 124 124 124 145 145 145 145 122 177 167

(20)

Plate

6 7 8 9

10 11

Seamless pipes and pipe with seam Seamless pipea and pipe with scam Seamless pipes, bars, forgings ateel plater Tubes Tubes Steel plates Pipes Plates Bars, forgings Pipes, platea, Bars, forgings Pipes, bars, forgings Pipes Bars, forgings Bars, forgingr Bars, forgings Bars, forgings Forgings Bars, forgings Bars, forginga plates Bara, forgings plates

HF, N HF, N N,N+T

187 234 237

107 156 143 139

Q+T

N+T N+T
N+T N+T N + T, N+T, Q+T N+T, N +T N+T, Q+T A N + T, lack of data 40 60 240 270 210 259 108 261 98 363 630 530 670 630 230 259 200 248
99

220 248 192 235 92 245

210 237 180 218 85 236

183 116 150 192


80

169 203 135 184 76 224

164 199 130 177 72 218 75 316 525 410 540 525 :7: 410 205 305

161 194 127 168 69 205 74 311 498 380 506 480 337; 380 195 285

156 188 124 155 66 189 71 290 456 350 460 435

151 181 120 148

146 174 117 135

N+T,Q+T

253 88 348

230

167

145

12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

A N+T

Q+T Q+T Q+ J-1 Q+ T, Q+T


N+T N+T

900 100 500 -

108 A

Q+T

235 410

79 78 77 76 334 330 326 322 610 575 500 468 635 598 615 580 lack of data 336 330 350 400 460 440 440 508 480 to be agreed upon 246 225 380 345

235

403 -

350 185 175 -

Table 4

( concluded )
Rp 02 Mist in MPa at Temperature C ------h -350 400 450 306 600 500 550

T Steel
(1)
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 00 29 30 31

Product

Heat) Treatment

r--.~-Over (4) -

Thickness mm Up to and Including (5) -

_---_-100

150

200

250

650

700

750

800

; ID

(2)
Bars, forgings Bara, forgings Bars, forgings Bars, forgings Seamless Tubes, plates Tubes, plates pipes Bars, forgings forgings, forgings, plates

(3)

(6) 480 575 680 560 650 730 132

(7)

(8) 450 555 655 530 600 700

(91

(10) 410 535 650 480 550 655

(11)

(12) 380 510 610 420 485 580

(13) 360 480 560 380 440 530 81

(14) 330 450 505 335 390 470 79

(15) 400 280 330 480 78

(16)

(17)

(18)

(19)

(20)

Q+T Q+T Q+T Q+ TI Q+ TI QfT Q Q Q Q Ql QI Q


Hot cold worked s+p s+p

250 205 258 315 76

120

109

180

93

87

84

155

lack of data 144 132 121 113 107 101 89 95 92 90 89 88

Pipes plates bars forgings Tubes, forgings Pipes bars, forgings, plates Pipes bars, forgings Pipes, bars, forgings, plates plates Pipes bars,

lack of data 107 148 103 144 162 97 139 153 373 195 570 P = precipitation 94 134 149 90 130 139 324 176 555 hardened. 85 124 133 80 119 129 275 157 535 76 114 125 250 155 520 74 111 123 226 152 510 73 107 122 197 143 498 72 104 120 167 137 465 425 375 305 225 71 101 70 99

T = tempered, -

171 383 210 590

32

1) A E annealed,

N = normal&d,

Q = quenched,

S = Solution,

Table 5 Heat Treatment11 ( Clause 2.2 )


Normalisation r--_ _----_-h__----.y Time of Coolings) Temperature Y: Holding ., at Trmperature Stress Relief of Annealing or Tempering after Bending or Welding T-_-h___~ Tempe. Time of rature Holding C Trmpcraturc (0) 600-650 1,)) 2 min 1 mm per Quenching and Tempering r_--.--_--h_ __.__ -. --7 Temperings) Quenching #----A_ - _~ c--_-h---7 Time of TempeCooling TempeHolding rature rat&e at TemC C perattIre

Tzfpe Steel

Heat Treat_ ment Svm-

Tempering --------A-.--Time of Temperature Holding C at Temperature

0) 1 2

(4
N N

(3) 900-930 890-920

(4) 1 to 2 min per 1 mm Thickness of plate btrt not less than 20 min

(5) In quiet air In quiet air

(6) -

(7) -

(10)

(11) -

(12) -

(13, -

6OO-GSO Thickness of pla*e but not less than30min 600-6.50 60~650 2 min per 1 mm Thickcvss of pipe wall bllt not less than 15 min do

3 and 4

HF, N

880-940

1 to

2 min per 1 mm thickness of pipe wall hut not lens than 20 min to 2 min per 1 mm thickness of forging or pipe wall but not less than 20 min

In quiet air

-.. -

900-940

In qlliet air

600-650

15 to 2 min 600.6.50 per 1 min thickness of pipe wall

900-940

Oil or water

6OO-NO

N + T

880-930

to 2 min per 1 mm thickness of plate hut not less than 20 min

In quiet air

600-650

1 to

3 min 600-650 per 1 min thickness but not less than 15 min

min

per

I mm thickness but not less than IS min

N + T

900-960

1 to 2 min prr 1 mm thlckue>s of forging or pipe wall hut not le::s thau :l !,,ir,

In quiet air

6.10-720

1 to 3 min 660-710 per 1 mm thickness hut not 1~ss than 1>m in

2 min pvr 1 mm thickncss hut not Irss thau 15 miu

W-IO-WI

Table
Normalisation _L_________~

5 ( concluded )
Stress Relief of Annealing or Tempering after Bending or WeldingQuenching -_-----A.___,._ and Tempering _-._

Type of Steel

Heat Treatmeat
Sym-

r--------

Tcmpcring ~_.__-__n__-...

r-_

--_

Temprrature C

b&k)

Time of Holding at Temperature

Coohugs)

Temperature C

Time of Holding at Trmperature

~---_L---~ Temperature C (8) 688-740

Time of Holding Temperature (9) -

Quenching _____h--__-_ TempeCooling rature C

Ternprrings) ---__ *_-___ TempeTime of rature Holding C at Temperature

(1) 10

(2) N + T

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7 min 3 h

(0) 975-l 000

(11) Oil

(12) 730-750

(13) -

930-980

I to

Q+r

per 1 mm thickness of forging or wall pipe but not less than 20 min

min

For

11

N + T

900-960

Q+T

to 2 per 1 thickness forging pipe but not than 20

min mm of or wall less min min mm of or wall less min

pipes 670-720 in quite air, for forgings of 50 mm thickness in quiet air, above 50 to 100 in compressed air and above 100 mm in oil do 650-780

1 to 3 min 730-760 per 1 mm thickness but not less than 15 min

ruin per 1 mm thickness but not less than 15 min

930-l

030

Oil
08.

650-760

water

12

N + T

A __

850-950

900-f 000

1 to 2 per 1 thickness forging pipe but not than 20 -

Air

700-800

to 3 min 760-820 per I mm thickness but not less than 15 min

min per 1 mm thickness but not less than 15 min

13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Q+T
Q + T

Air 380-680

480-650

840-870 920-980 880-950 940-970

Oil Air Oil Oil Oil

600-700 680-740 670-720 600-700

min 2 h -

900-950

Q+T+ Q+T*
Q+T N + T N + 1 &+T

940-970
970-990

-_
-

Quiet air Quiet air Air

690-760 680-700 -

870-900

Oil Air, Oil 600-700 700-750

ruin 2 h min 2 h

700-780

950-I 000

20 21 22 23

Q+T Q+T
Q+T

970-l 020

Oil
Air, oil Oil Air, oil, water do Air, Oil

650-750 650-700 600-700 680-746

min

2 h

1 050 f

10

min2h

Q+TI
Q+T2

1 035-I 065 749-780 1 020-l 070

740-780 -

I 020-l 070 I 109.1 159 9W1199 950-I 109

649-790 670-750 -

min min

2 h 2 b

24 25 26 27

Q+T

Q Q Q Q
g:

Oil, air, water Air, water oil Air, $;p;JJ;; ,

I 100-l 100

28 29 30 31

850-l 109 1 070-I 140

Air, water oil do do Air, water oil

z
-

Q
Hot cold worked at about 750C s+p s+p

950-I 070 950-I 190

32 33

Q + Ta to sizes above heat treated, -

1 109-l 150 980f 10

Air, water Oil, water

759-800 720 f 10

l Q

+ Ts would

apply to sixes up to 100 mm, test samples N = normalird,

100 up to 200 mm. the indications should in this table are for guidance treated, only. temperature.

1) Except

in cases where

are to be reference P = precipitation

1) A = annealed,

hardened,

Q = quenched,

S = aolution be at least 30%

T = tempered.

s) If a stress relief treatment

is necessary,

the stress relief temperature

lowar than the temperiog

bble

6 Stress Rupture Properties at

Eievatd Temperatures

( For Guidance Only )

( Clam.92.4 )

=oTHe*t
Steel Treat_ mcnt S)%lhOl (2) (1) 1 and 2

Time HO-m

----380

_ -__--_--_--390 400 410

420

430

EmtJmrted Average Stress for Rupture), IMP=, Temperature C e--_-w--wh-----------__-__-.--~-~-~~-_-____~ 440 450 460 470 480 490 500 510 520 530 540 550

560

570

580

590

600

(3) 10000 30000 50000 JO0 000 150000 200 OCK) 250000 10000 30 000 50000 100000 150 000 200 000 250 000 10000 30000 50 000 100000 150000 200 000 250 000 10000 30 000 50 000 100000 150000 200000 250 000

(4) 213 192 183. 171. 164 159. 155. 221 192 181. 164 153 146. 1402 279 251 237 211, 196. 185 177.

(5) 197 176 167 155. 149. 144 140 201 175 163. 145. 3 l t:S* 123. 254 224 206 182* ;i;+ l 156+

(6) tz 152 141* 134. 1305 126* 181 157 145 127. 1195 111+ 1042 229 197 179 157 144. 135+ 127*

(7) 166 147 138 127t 121+ 116. 113 164 140 128. llO+ 101. 93 86. 206 174 158 135 J24* 114* 106.

(8) 151 133 125 114. 108 104 101. 148 124 112. 940 84 77 72*

(9) 138 120 112 102. 96, 92. 89. 132 IOU 97 7Y 71. 64 59. 163 133 119 100+ 87. 79. 75.

(IO) 125 lo7 100 90. 84 80. 77. 118 9.t 82. 68. 59. 53. 49. 145 117 103 aa+ 75* 692 64

(11) 112 iii 78. 73. 69 66. 104 81 701 56 48. 44* 401 127 101 88 83+ 66+ 59f 551 298 273 2602 239 ;:g 210+

(12) ii 77 67 62. 50 55 91 70 5Y* 46+ 40. (36)* (33)* 113 88 E* (56). (50)*, (46)+ 273 244 229. 208 197. 188. lOO+

il3) ;z 66 57. 52. 48. 45. ii: 50* 3Y* (34)* (30)* (27)* 100 i:

(14)

(15) 67
l

(161 3E 35.

(17)

(18)

(19)

(20)

(21)

(22)

(23)

(24)

(25)

(26)

50. 47 41. 37 34 68 51. 43. (33)* (28) -

:2* 36. 29. 23 59 43+ 365 1

51 (36)* (30)* r 71 (52) (45) 171 134 119 101 91. 84 68* 147 113 99 81 74+ 69+ 65. 125 93 80 & 55+ 52. 102 76 82 61 64 49

is
4 N HF

fE 137 117. 104. 95+ &8*

88 78 68 60 59 (52) 50, (45) (48). . __ 220 187 172 140* 139* 130+ 124+ 196 150 144 123+ JJ4* 105* lOO+

N N+T Q+T

247 216 208 178+ J68* 159* 151*

48 45 (42).

(39P (36jS (33)*

8 9

N+T

lack of data 10 000 30 000 50 000 100 000 15olmu 200 000 250 000 304 267 239 210 194* 180+ 170* 273 233 207 177 161+ 148 139 239 :z 146 132. 122* 114. 209

Q+T

N+T

i69
149 121 108 99. 91

179 140 124 99 07* :;:

154 I16 101 81 71 64. 59.

129 96 82 67 57 48 52+

109 79 68 54 46 42, 39+

91 66 55 43 38

76 54 45 35 (31)

64 44 -

53 36 -

44 (29) -

34+ 32* (28)* (26)*

fS 1570 ( Pmrt 7 ) t 1992 Table 6 ( ronhud ,

Type
of stcc,

Hed
Tre.trmClL SylUbOl (2) N+T Q+T

Tfmt
Holrs

EstIm.tcd ~_--~--_---__---------.----___----------380 3% 4oa 410 420 430 440 4% 4Ml 470 4ao

Arrngc 4%

Strms 500

510

for RuPawr% MPm, Trmpcr.tmre C *----_____ - _.-_____ 540 570 55o 560 520 530

___-________________ 590 590 6oo 610

,
620 690 MO 650 660 (28) ,(29) (30) (91) (92)

(I) IO

(3) IO ooo 9OCGl Mooa loOOOO 15oooo 2ooooo 25ilm

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(R)

(9)

(IO)

(11)

(12)

(19)

(14)

(15)

(16)

(17)

(la)

(19)

(20)

(21) 610

(22) 620 194 107 92 72 57 (48). (42). 96 78 71 59 54. 50. 47.

(23) 690 121 99 78 59 (45). (37). (92). a5 70 62 51 46 49. 40

(24) 640 loa 80 66 (46). (95). (28). 76 61 54 44 408 (97). (95).

(25) 650 95 67 68 54 47 (3s). (35). (92). (3o).

(26) 660 78 Go) _ 61 48 ($ Pm* (28). (26).

(27)

929 261 249 2la 205 194. 185*

268 292 217 I91 179 169 160* I91 166 l56* 141. 129. 123. lla* 219 192 1778 159* 141. 134. I%*

241 209 193 170 156 146. 19w 177 I53 142. l27* 116 1100 1050 196 172 I%* l97* 126. 119* 113* Iai 139 1470 131. 123. 116. III. 224 197. 185. 167. 156. 150 145.

219 I87 172 I50 I96 127* ll9* I62 139 128. IW 109. 970 99.

198 1% I59 191 II9 109. 1010 I47 126 1160 ,020 91. 85. aI*

179 I52 I96 116 101. 9l* 890 199 II9 104 99. 79 75* 72.

I64 195 I21 loo 85. 76. 6a* 121 lol 32 70. 71. 66. 69. 122 IO9 99 79 73* 68 64* I12 90. a2* 72* 65. 61. 5a* 198 II6 I%* 910 85. 80. 76.

148 I21 107 a5 70. 6l* 54. lo8 a9 a1 69. 620 580 54. lo8 90 80 69 638 588 55. 99 79. 739 62* 56. 52 498

I1

A N+T

IO ooo 30000 5oow looooo 15OOOO 2oomnl 25ooflo IO 0% 30 ml Mew

25,* 226* 211. 1%. 193. I%* lal* 309. 276* 257 221. 209. 209. I%*

2368 211 197. 182. l77* 170. 165. 285. 2549 2%. 20). 1920 I%* laI*

221. I%* IaS* &a* 161. 154. I49* 263. 239* 217. l% 175. 169. 164.

2% IllI 170 154. 145. 1980 132. 240 219 197. l70* 1%. 152. 147*

N+T

I76 I52 l99* 122. llO* 109* 98. I61 137. 1270 119. 105. 99 95. 199 174. l62* 144. I%* 129. 125.

I55 194 123. l07* 95* 89. 848 I42 121. Ill* %* 90. 84. ao* 177 142. 141. 124. 117. 111. 1%.

137 II8 l07* 93 82. 77. 749 127 IO,* 950 83. 76. 72* 6a* 157 IS3 129. I%* I%* 94. 90.

% 79 71 59 54* 50. 47. a6 69* 620 59. 478 44. 41.

a5 70 62 51 47 43 41. 76 60. 590 45* 408 97* 340

76 61 54 44 40 (97). (35) 67 520 46. 380 939 91 280

68 54 47 (38) (33) (32). (90). 58 45. 99. 92. 280 25. 2.50

61 48 42 (34). (SOP (28). (26). 50 Sa* 39 27. 24. 22. 210 (44). 99. 28. 23. 21. 19. (17). (38) 28 25* 20 (17). (16). (15p 39 25. 21. (17). (15). (14). 28 228 la* (II). (19). 25 19. (l6)* (II)* -

Q+T

IMIOOO 15OKlJ 2wooo 25ooccl

12

10 ooo 3oocm 5oooa IOOWO 1500% 2ooooo 2xlrml IO wo 90 ooo Moo0 moooo l5OOlW 2ooooo 2Moml

I21 1% 90. 780 74. 69. 65.

I04 a5 77 66. 62. 57* 54.

91 74 67. 57e 52. 48. 43.

79 63 57. 47. 43* 40* 97.

69 54 47. 40. 36* 33 31

60 46 41. 34* SO* 27. 26*

51 99 33. 2a* 30. 24 22.

ti 34 29. 248 25. 20. 19.

3a 29. 25. 21 22. (17). (16).

33 26. 19. (17). (la)* (II)* (IS)

28 220 (la). (15). (16). -

z5 (lap (16). (12). (13) -

17 and I8

IO ooo IM)o%

370 944

452 374

434 352

412 928

9% 309

961 271

991 218

2% 219

262 la7

235 159

210 194

la5 II2

169 94

I41 75

13

IS 157lJ ( Part

7 ) I

1992 Table 6 (confinutd )

VP

Tima liowu 5% (3) 10 O@l 100000 600 (14) (15) (16) (17)

Stnl

(1)
13

(a)

(9)

(10)

(II)
478 347

(12)
247 136 2a2 la5 2% 170

(13) 90

14

QfT QfT Q+T


A

10 ml lOOMlo

355 2aa

230 170

I40 74

405 323 494 371

163 93 127

I5

10 000 100000

I6 19

lack 10000 100000 10 000 lOoOel

of data
123 78 1wr 80) 137 w, 5eJ 36 29 25 40) 251 39 191 123 2w1 12(r) 2% 270 347 215 130) 75) 98 2ca 157 102 211 137 274 373 284 69 47 w, 45) 44 92 96 57 103 59 157 226 137 191 608 4% 363 69 127 68 I35 216 68 29 ml 127 67

Q+T Q+T Q+r Q+T Q+ TI Q+ T, Q+T


Hot Cold Worked s+p 32 S+P

20 21 22

10000 10 000 IO 000 100 OI

23

10 000 IwO% IO 000 10 co0 lOOOO+l IO 000 10 wo

4% 373

289 221 347

165 1% 245

79 44 137 59

4a0 432

3% 275 392 460 392

24 31

16-S 579 441 324

109 196

74 98

45

14

IS 1570 ( Part 7 ) : 1992 Table 6 ( roncludtd )


E.tlmnerd - -----Avemge Screw for Rupt.te,, -----* - -610 (3) IO coo 2Qom 5oow looooa WJOM) 2oowl 25om 26 27 Q Q IO CQO 30 OOQ 5olm lrmooo 15ooim mooo 25oUoo 28 29 Q Q (4)(5)(6)(7)(8)(9)(10)(i1)(l2l(l3)(1))(15~(~6)(l7~l~8)~lQ1~2") 121) (22) 176 l6& 147. 134. 115. 108. 102. 978 135. 1239 105. 99. 93. 88. (23) 126. 113. 98* 89. 84' 79. (24) (25) 131 105. 94. 81. 748 69. 66' llS* 103. 89. 81' 76* 73. (26) (27) 122 96' 85. 74* 67* 62. 59. 113 88. 709 68. 6O* 56. 58 MPa, T*mper.twe C --------.-_-_-_--__-___._____ 620 (28) 104 80' 72' 61. 54s 50' 478 630 640 650 660 670 680 690

P Steel

Hat Trmtmeat Symbcw

Time HO_

r_

___

_________-_-e-e---

----

_____ 700 (36) 48 710 720

p--7 730

740

750

(1)
25 Q

(21

(29) (30) 95 74' 65. 55. 49. 45. 428 87 67. 58. 50. 43'

(31) (32) (33) 79 61 52' 45. 73 55 47' 67 50 419

(34) (35) 61 44 55

(37) (38)

(39) (.Io) 141)

157. I42

(40)' 05).

(36)* (82)~ (27).

(40)' (35). (30). 126)' 123).

(39). (34). (30). (36)' (231' (20)' -

(40)' (35). (31). (27). (24). (21,. (37). (33). (29). (25). (22,. -

lack ofdrtn 260 243 226. 1%' l87* l8l* 245 224* 208' ,800 171. l65* 228 204. 211 187* 195 171' 179 155 I64 139 149 125 II5 96' 86. 8o* 76. 136 II2 103 86* 76. 71. 67. 123 IO0 91 76* 68* 63. 59' III 89 80 69. 60. 56* 52* 91) 79 72 6Q* 53. 498 46* 89 72 63 53. 47' 43* 40* 8o 64 56* 46' 41* 38* 35* 74 57 50 41* 36; 33' 31' 65 51' 45' 37' 59 46 40' 33; 53 41 36' 30* 48 378 32. 27* 44 33* 29. 39 30* (26). -

192* 175' l58* 142 128 160' 147* 132. 118; 106. l52* 146' 14V 139. 1339 1279 l24* 116' 110' 110' 103. 97. 97. 91. 86*

(25,' (?3)*

3L* 28'

(25). (24). (2,).

29. (26)' (24)* (22)* (20)* 28' (25)' (23)* (21)' (19;*

1768 159' Iackofdata

197 167' 1548 137' 130* 125. 120'

182 142.

170 l3O*

157 130 1%. 99* 93. 89* 142 118 92* 83' 76* 72' 159 133 123 106 98* 938 88.

145 120 97* 89* 84' 800 130 107 978 8L* 738 67* 62. 146 123 III 96 88* 831 79'

134 109 88' 80. 76' 72. 120 98 87* 74* 64. 589

124 99 91* 788 73.

II4 90 828 71.

lo4 82 75*

95 75

86

77

(70)' (63)

I.54 I42 126. ll6* 119 1o9* 113* iOQ* 170 141 127* 102. 968 92. 186 I59 146 121' ll4* 110' 103. 99. 156 128

(67)' (60,. (53)' (47)*

120. 110' 100'

(67)' (6U)' (54)* (47). (42). -

(64). (57). (50). (44)' (39). (3~

(65). (57). (XX* (44)* (38,' (33)*

(68)* (60)' (53). (46)' (4O)* (35). (30). (64)' (57). (50). (43;* (37); (32)' II0 88 77. 64' 55* lol 79 698 92 71 6O* 82 61 74 65

Q2

I85 154. l39* l23* 112' 106' lOI*

(S7,* (48)* (40)* (34)* (23)' 61 44 39 54 38 46 (33)

(53)' (46)

ll7* l07* 93* 86* 818 173 I46 133 118 109. 103* 99*

(52)' (44). (37). (37)* (27)* 77 58 5, 40' 36' 69 51 +I 35.

ll2* lO2*

(55). (47). (40,' (36). (31)' (27). (47)' (41)* (35)' (30)* 86 66 58 46 42' 38. 36*

(50)* (43,* (37). (32)' (27)'

(54). (46). (40)' (34). (29)' 134 112 IO1 86 7')* 75' 71* I24 102 91 77 76. 66* 63' II4 92 82 69 639 58* 55. 104 83 74 61 55. 51. 48. 95 74 66 53 48' 4t* 41

30

243 210. 1%. l8,* l7l* 1609 159'

228 Isa 185. 168' l58* l5,* 146.

215 I84 172. 154. 145' 138'

2M) 172 159' 132' 1279

(33)' (28)

142. 129'

(30)' (25). (22).

(32). (28)* (24). -

(33)' (29)' r25i* r22)* (31)' (271' ,25,*

133' 122.

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