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Thank you for considering IKO shingles.

For additional information on IKO's full line of superior shingles, visit our website www.iko.be or call our Service Centre + 32 11/34 01 82. Notice: The information in this publication is subject to change without notice. IKO assumes no responsibility for errors that may appear in this publication. Warning: Check local building codes, safety precautions and law procedures that may apply to your particular situation. Copyright by IKO Sales Int. Belgium. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be copied or reproduced without the express prior written permission of IKO Sales International NV. Order extra copies of this booklet direct at IKO Sales Int. Belgium.

IKO Sales International

Bitumen Shingles

Shingle application guide Ghid de montaj Alkalmazstechnikai tmutat

22/02-E/RU/RO/H-02/05

CONTENTS CUPRINS TARTALOM


02 03 03 04 09 10 12 16 17 17 18 23 24 26 30 31 31 32 37 38 40 44 45 45 46 51 52 54

Shingle application guide


General conditions Material requirements Terms Estimating shingle requirements Roof preparation Shingle application

Ghid de montaj
Conditii generale Cerintele materialului Termeni Estimarea cerintelor placilor de sindrila bitumata Pregatirea acoperisului Montajul placilor de sindrila bitumata

Zsindely felraksi tmutat


ltalnos felttelek Anyagszksglet Elnevezsek Zsindelyigny felmrse Tet elksztse Zsindely felraks

01

GENERAL CONDITIONS CONTENTS Shingle application guide


03 03 04 09 10 12 General conditions Material requirements Terms Estimating shingle requirements Roof preparation Shingle application
IKO assumes no responsibility for leaks due to improper application, or failure to properly prepare the roof surface. Shingles may not be installed directly over insulation; flow-through ventilated air space must be provided between the insulation and the nailable deck. Do not mix different production dates/codes on the same roof surface. Colour shading is inherent to shingles and is not a defect. In order to minimise shading, shingles should be picked and mixed randomly from different bundles and placed across and diagonally up the roof. Do not rack the shingles up the roof ! Do not remove the tape from the back of the shingles. It is for packaging purposes and not for sealing. However, release film on the back of the ArmourShield, DiamantShield and BiberShield shingles must be removed during application. (Figure 7 - 7) The factory applied sealing strip will become effective when exposed to the heat of the sun. Hand sealing is necessary for cold weather and steep slope application. Plastic cement must be approved by IKO to be compatible with IKO shingles. Bend bundle before opening for easier separation. Caution: During sunny, hot periods, avoid stepping on shingles on the sunny side of the roof to prevent marking.

MATERIAL REQUIREMENTS
Shingles: IKOs selection of 60 different types and colours of fibreglass based oxidised shingles and APP modified bitumen slates. Underlayment: (Not all are required - see instructions) IKO Armourbase PRO. IKO Armourbase 30, a 3,0 mm glassfibre based oxidised bitumen membrane. IKO Armourbase 15, a 1,5 mm glassfibre based oxidised bitumen membrane. IKO ArmourGard Ice & Water Protector, a SBS modified self-adhesive membrane. Valley Coverings: (for Open Valley Method) IKO Armour Valley: a 4,0 mm APP modified membrane in matching shingle colours, or metal flashing. Drip Edges: Metal drip edges for the eaves and rakes. Fasteners: Corrosion resistent nails 25 mm in length and a head diameter of 10 mm. The shaft should be 3 mm in diameter and barbed. Cambridge shingles and nailing of hips and ridges require nails 30 mm in length. Plastic Cement: IKO Shingle Stick or an IKO approved plastic cement. Vents: Sufficient vents to satisfy minimum venting requirements. (Ask IKO or your local dealer for a Ventilation brochure). 02 03

TERMS
Figure 1a. 1.Exposure 2.Headlap 3.Cut-outs 4.Self Sealing Strip 5.Tabs Figure 1b. 1.Rakes 2.Eaves 3.Valleys 4.Hips 5.Ridges 6a

6b I

25 mm

6b II

50 mm

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm

1a

4a I

Superglass-3 Tab

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm

Monarch / Armourglass
8

1b 4a II

cm
50 cm

15

cm

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm

Victorian / Superglass-Biber

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

50 cm

25 mm

25 mm

2 4b

30 cm

Monarch-Diamant / Diamant

25 mm

25 mm 25 mm 25 mm

25 mm

ArmourShield

3
5 cm
cm 10

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

155 mm
Cambridge

155 mm

4c

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

127 mm
Dynasty

127 mm

04

05

7
ArmourShield

Superglass - 3 Tab

Armourglass - 4 Tab Monarch - APP

Diamant Monarch - Diamant DiamantShield

Cambridge Dynasty

Victorian Superglass - Biber BiberShield

-75 cm -50 cm -25 cm

06

07

ESTIMATING SHINGLE REQUIREMENTS


8a 9a
I. For the Roof Deck. Shingle exposure is in function of the roof pitch as displayed in the table below. Shingles may not be applied on roof pitches not specified. Certain countries may have different regulations. Check local building codes. II. For the Hips and Ridges. A good approximation is to order an extra 10 - 15 % material (depending on the amount of roof detail) for coverage of the hips, ridges and starter strip. When applying Victorian, Superglass-Biber or Cambridge shingles be sure to order rectangular shingles in matching colour to cover hips and ridges. For Dynasty order Dynasty hip & ridge strips.

8b

Shingle type Cambridge Armourglass Victorian BiberShield Diamant DiamantShield ArmourShield Superglass - 3 Tab Superglass - Biber Dynasty Monarch Monarch - Diamant

Roof pitch 2015261526151526151515261526151526152685 25 85 25 85 90 25 85 90 90 25 85 25 85 85 25 85 25 85

Exposure 15,5 cm 12,5 cm 14,3 cm 11,5 cm 13,0 cm 13,0 cm 9,7 cm 11,2 cm 11,2 cm 13,4 cm 12,5 cm 14,3 cm 11,5 cm 13,0 cm 12,7 cm 12,5 cm 14,3 cm 9,7 cm 11,2 cm

Roof coverage/Bundle 3,10 2,62 3,00 2,41 2,75 2,47 2,62 3,00 2,46 3,00 2,62 3,00 2,65 3,00 2,32 2,25 2,58 2,13 2,46 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2

kg/m2 12,2 12,5 10,9 13,1 11,5 12,1 12,0 10,5 11,2 9,4 11,0 9,7 11,4 10,1 13,7 13,5 12,1 13,5 11,7

8c

9b

Example: Shingle type: Armourglass Roof Pitch: 32 Roof Surface: 240 m2 Calculation: Roof Pitch 26- 85 = 3,00 m2/bundle 240 m2 / 3,00 = 80 bundles

08

09

ROOF PREPARATION
I. ROOF DECK (Figure 2) The roof deck must be smooth, firm, dry and securely fastened. The deck should be made of good quality plywood, sheathing boards or nonveneer structural panels (wafer or strandboard). Wooden boards can be maximum 15 cm wide. All wood products must be properly conditioned to be at moisture equilibrium. Decking should be installed in a staggered manner and sufficiently supported. Failure to use proper decking material which can provide a rigid deck surface can result in deck movement which can damage the shingles. II. VENTILATION (Figure 3) It is essential to allow heat dissipation and water vapor to escape the roof system through proper ventilation. Therefore, air must be able to circulate freely between insulation and the nailable roof deck, from the eaves to the ridges. On roofpitches 15- 25 min. net free ventilation area is 33 cm2, on 25- 85 min. net free ventilation area is 16 cm2 for each 1 m2 of insulated ceiling area (P), always divided evenly between the eaves and the ridge. (For additional information find the IKO ventilation brochure). III.UNDERLAYMENT Install as flat as possible to prevent unevenness from being projected in the shingle surface. Install parallel to the eaves. Slopes 15- 20 Option 1: (Figure 4a I) It is advised to cover the entire roof deck with IKO ArmourGard Ice and Water Protector or a similar modified base sheet which will seal the entire deck. End laps must be 15 cm and horizontal laps 8 cm. Option 2: (Figure 4a II) Use IKO Armourbase PRO or a similar base sheet, to provide a double coverage of underlayment to the roof deck. Cut a starter strip 50 cm wide and lay succeeding courses fastened with 50 cm horizontal laps and 30 cm end laps. Slopes 21- 85 (Figure 4b) The entire roof deck should be covered with IKO Armourbase PRO or an approved shingle underlayment. The underlayment should be installed parallel to the eaves with a 5 cm horizontal lap and 10 cm end laps. Secure the underlayment with only enough nails to hold it in place. Slopes 85- 90 No underlayment required. Only ArmourShield, DiamantShield and BiberShield shingles can be applied.

IV:VALLEYS One may follow either the Open, Woven or 5 Closed Cut method for shingle application in the roof valleys. Valley preparation depends on the method: Open Valley Preparation (Figure 5). Cover the valleys with 1 m wide underlayment, Armourbase 30 (1). Vertical laps must be 30 cm and cemented (2). The end laps from the roof deck underlayment must over lap the valley by 15 cm (3). Finish the valleys by applying the IKO Armour Valley or metal flashing on top of the underlayment in the valleys (4). Nail the Armour Valley at 40 cm intervals 2,5 cm from the edge. If lapping is unavoidable it must be 30 cm and cemented or torched (5). Metal flashing should be fastened every 25 cm and overlaps should be 30 cm and cemented. Woven or Closed Cut Valley Preparation. Prepare the valley with one layer of IKO ArmourGard Ice and Water Protector with 30 cm laps. Alternatively, use a layer of Armourbase 30 or an approved shingle underlayment, nailed 2,5 cm from the edge. Laps should be 30 cm and cemented. V. EAVES PROTECTION (Figure 4c) In climates where average January temperatures are -1C, eaves should be protected against ice damming which can cause water to back up the roof under the shingles. Apply IKO ArmourGard Ice and Water Protector from the eaves to the least 60 cm beyond the inside wall line. Use 8 cm horizontal laps and 15 cm end laps. Alternatively, use Armourbase 30 and provide a double coverage of underlayment to the eaves. Cut a starter strip 50 cm wide and lay succeeding courses cemented with 50 cm horizontal laps an 30 cm end laps to a distance 60 cm beyond the inside wall line. VI.DRIP EDGES (Figure 4b) Drip edges for the rakes and eaves of the roof should be made of corrosion-resistant material which extends at least 8 cm from the edge and bends downward over them. Drip edges should be applied over the underlayment at the rakes (4) and under the underlayment at the eaves (5). VII.CHALK LINES (Figure 7) Chalk lines provide visual guides that help align the shingles horizontally and vertical ly. They also align shingles on each side of a dormer or chimney. Horizontal lines can be snapped every 4 to 5 courses (1) and a vertical line (2) should be used on long shingle runs where a line is snapped in the centre of the run and shingles are applied to the left and right of the line. All chalk lines are to be considered as guiding lines not application lines. 11

10

SHINGLE APPLICATION
I. NAILING & SEALING Proper fastening is essential for a good roof. Drive the nails straight so that the nail heads are flush with, but not cutting into the shingle surface (Figure 6a). Always nail 2,5 cm above the cut-out and 2,5 cm from each edge. For correct positioning and nail quantities per type of shingle and roof slope see Figure 6b I. Note that steep slope application (> 60) or high wind areas require extra nails and hand sealing with IKO Shingle Stick as shown in Figure 6b II. During cold weather application extra cement must be a added in the same manner. In high wind areas the tabs of each shingle should be cemented for at least the top five courses of the roof. Plastic cement should be applied in amounts no greater than 25 mm in diameter and used sparingly. Nail position for Dynasty and Cambridge: WHITE LINE = NAILING LINE. STARTER STRIP (Figure 7) Prepare the starter strip by cutting off the shingle tabs along a line level with the top of the cut-outs. Begin the starter strip by cutting the strip half a tab short so that its joints will not line up with the joints of the first course of shingles. The starter strip should overhang the eaves by 6-10 mm and the rakes where applicable (3). For Dynasty and Cambridge use rectangular shingles. FIRST COURSES & APPLICATION PROCEDURE (Figure 7) First course (4): Start with a complete shingle applied flush with the starter strip at rake and eaves. Nail as shown in Figure 6a and continue across the roof with full shingles. Second course (5): Cut half a tab from a shingle and start at the rake end. Nail the shingle so that the lower edge of the tabs is flush with the top of the cut-out of the shingle in the first course. (Adjust as needed for roof slopes requiring different exposures, see p.7 table/exposure). Third and succeeding courses (6): Start the third course with a shingle from which a full tab has been cut. Cut off an additional half tab for each succeeding course. For maximum protection against wind driven rain, cement the shingle at the rake edges. Attention: When applying Cambridge or Dynasty shingles, trim off 25, 50, 75, ... cm respectively from the left end of the first shingle in the second (5) , the third (6) , the fourth (7) , ... course. II. SHINGLE APPLICATION IN VALLEYS Open Valley Method (Figure 8a) Snap two chalk lines from the ridge to the eaves 8 cm apart increasing in width by 1 cm per meter toward the eaves (1). Trim the shingles to these lines and cut a 5 cm triangle off the top corner to direct the water into the valley (2). Glue the valley end of each shingle with IKO Shingle Stick (3) and nail the shingles 5 cm back from the chalk line (4). 12

Woven Valley Method (Figure 8b) Install the shingles through the valley intersection. The last shingle should extend at least 30 cm onto the intersecting roof surface (1) fastened with an extra nail at the upper corner of the shingle (2). Press the shingles tightly into the valley before nailing. No nailing within 15 cm of the valley centerline. Closed Cut Method (Figure 8c) for slopes 23 For best performance: start applying on roof plane with the lower slope or biggest surface. The starter strip must be woven (1) (extend +25 cm onto adjoining roof plane). Do not nail within 15 cm of valley centerline. Use one extra nail (2) at the end of each shingle crossing the valley. After completing this roof plane, snap a chalk line (3) 5 cm from centerline on roof plane still to cover. Apply the shingles onto second plane, trim shingles to the line and cut a 5 cm triangle (4) off the top corner to direct the water into the valley. Glue the valley end of each shingle with IKO Shingle Stick (5). III.HIPS and RIDGES (Figure 9a & 9b) Adjust the last few courses of shingles so that the ridge capping will adequately cover the top courses of shingles equally on both sides of the ridge. Cut rectangular and diamant shaped shingles into individual pieces by dividing the shingle at the cut-outs (1). ( ArmourShield: (A) is visual part, (B) is covered part ). (Figure 9a) Apply the hip and ridge shingles double thickness by stacking two pieces and bending them over the hip or the ridge. In cold weather warm the shingle before bending. Nail the capping 16 cm from the tab edge (2) and 2,5 cm from each side (3). Start application from the end of the ridge opposite the direction of the prevailing winds. (Figure 9b)

13

IV.FLASHINGS Chimneys (Figures 10a) Step Flashing (Figures 10b)

10a

10b

Reroofing with Cambridge or Dynasty shingles.

14

15

17 17 18 23 24 26
IKO . . . . , , , . , . . , . , ArmourShield, DiamantShield BiberShield , , (. . 7-7). . () , . IKO . . : , .


: IKO 60 , . ( , . ): IKO Armourbase PRO. IKO Armourbase 30 - , 3. IKO Armourbase 15 - , 1,5. IKO ArmourGard Ice & Water Protector - , . : IKO Armour Valley: , , . ( ) : 25. 10. 3. Cambridge, 30.

16

17

: IKO Shingle Stick, IKO Plastal Stick, Lap Cement , IKO. : , .

6a

6b I

25 mm

6b II

50 mm

25 mm

1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. ()
1a

1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
4a I

25 mm

25 mm

Superglass-3 Tab

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm

Monarch / Armourglass

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm
8

25 mm

1b 4a II

15

cm

Victorian / Superglass-Biber

cm

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

25 mm
cm 50
50 cm

25 mm

Monarch-Diamant / Diamant

25 mm

25 mm 25 mm 25 mm

2 4b

30 cm

25 mm

ArmourShield

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

3
Cambridge
10 cm

155 mm
5 cm

155 mm

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

4c
127 mm
Dynasty

127 mm

18

19

7
ArmourShield

Superglass - 3 Tab

Armourglass - 4 Tab Monarch - APP

Diamant Monarch - Diamant DiamantShield

Cambridge Dynasty

Victorian Superglass - Biber BiberShield

-75 cm -50 cm -25 cm

20

21


8a 9a
I. ( ): , . II. : H 10 -15% ( ) , , , . Victorian, Superglass-Biber Cambridge . Dynasty - Dynasty Hip & Ridge Strips .

8b

15,5 12,5 14,3 11,5 13,0 13,0 9,7 11,2 11,2 13,4 12,5 14,3 11,5 13,0 12,7 12,5 14,3 9,7 11,2

kg/2

Cambridge Armourglass Victorian BiberShield Diamant DiamantShield ArmourShield Superglass - 3 Tab Superglass - Biber Dynasty Monarch

8c

9b

Monarch - Diamant

20152615261515261515152615261515261526-

85 25 85 25 85 90 25 85 90 90 25 85 25 85 85 25 85 25 85

3,10 2,62 3,00 2,41 2,75 2,47 2,62 3,00 2,46 3,00 2,62 3,00 2,65 3,00 2,32 2,25 2,58 2,13 2,46

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

12,2 12,5 10,9 13,1 11,5 12,1 12,0 10,5 11,2 9,4 11,0 9,7 11,4 10,1 13,7 13,5 12,1 13,5 11,7

: : Armourglass : 32 : 240 : 26 85 - 3,00 . / 240 . / 3,00 = 80


2

22

23


I. (. . 2) , , . . 15. II. (. . 3) , . . 15-25 33 . , 25-85 16 . (), . III. 15 20 1: ( 4 I) . IKO ArmourGard Ice & Water Protector . . 15, - 8. 2: ( 4 II) IKO Armourbase PRO . . 50. 50, - 30. 21 85 ( 4b) IKO Armourbase PRO , IKO. 5 10 . . 85 90 , ArmourShield, DiamantShield BiberShield.

IV. : , . .

( 5): 1 , , Armourbase 30 (1). 30 (2). 15 (3). IKO Armour Valley (4). Armour Valley 45 2,5 . , 30 (5). 25. 30 . , IKO ArmourGard Ice and Water Protector 30. Armourbase 30 ( ), 2,5 . 30 . V. ( 4): , -10, , . IKO ArmourGard Ice and Water Protector . VI. ( 4b): , 8 . (4) (5). V. ( 7): . , . 4-5 (1). , , .

24

25


I. . , , ( 6). 2,5 2,5 . . 6b I. , ( 60 ), IKO Shingle Stick, 6b II. . 5 . ( 7) . . 6-10 , , (3). Dynasty Cambridge . ( 7) (4): . , 6 , . (5): . , . (6): , . . . : Dynasty Cambridge 25, 50, 75, , , .

II. ( 8) 2 15 , 1 (1). , 5- . 5- IKO Shingle Stick (3) 5 (4). ( 8b) . 30 (1) (2). . 15 . ( ) 23 ( 8) ( 25 ). 15 . (2) , . (3) 5 . , 5 (4) . , IKO Shingle Stick (5). III. ( 9 9b) , . , (1). ArmourShield: () , () ( 9). , (). , . 16 (2) 2,5 (3). , ( 9b).

26

27

IV. ( 10) ( 10b)

10a

10b

CAMBRIDGE DYNASTY

28

29

CONDITII GENERALE CUPRINS Ghid de montaj


31 31 32 37 38 40 Conditii generale Cerintele materialului Termeni Estimarea cerintelor placilor de sindrila bitumata Pregatirea acoperisului Montajul placilor de sindrila bitumata
IKO nu i asum responsabilitatea pentru scurgeri datorate unei utilizri inadecvate sau nepregtirea corespunztoare a suprafeei acoperiului. Plcile nu trebuie puse direct pe izolaie; trebuie lsat spaiu de ventilaie ntre izolaie i cadrul acoperiul. Nu amestecai produse diferite sau din ani de producie diferii pe aceeai supra fa de acoperi. Nuanele de culoare sunt inerente plcilor i nu reprezint un defect. Pentru a minimiza diferenele de nuan, plcile trebuie luate i amestecate la ntmplare din diferite pachete i trebuie dispuse orizontal i diagonal ctre vrful acoperiului. Nu dispunei plcile n sus pe acoperi Nu ndeprtai banda de pe spatele plcilor. Este pus din motive de ambalare i nu pentru etanare. Folia de pe spatele plcilor ArmourShield, DiamantShield i BiberShield trebuie ndeprt n timpul aplicrii. (Figura 7-7) Banda pentru etanare aplicat din fabric va deveni eficient dup expunere la razele soarelui. Etanarea manual este necesar pe vreme rece i n cazul aplicrii pe o pant mare. Adezivul pentru sindrila trebuie aprobat de IKO pentru a fi compatibil cu plcile IKO. Aplecai pachetul nainte de deschidere pentru o separare mai uoar. Atenie: n perioadele fierbini, cu soare, evitai s clcai pe plci pe partea expus a acoperiului pentru a evita deteriorarea materialului (rmn urme de picior).

CERINTELE MATERIALULUI
Plcile: Colecia IKO cuprinde aproximativ 60 de tipuri i culori diferite ale plcilor de indril bitumat pe baz de fibre de sticl impregnate cu bitum oxidat sau modificat. Startul de susinere: (Nu toate sunt necesare-vezi instruciunile) IKO Armourbase PRO. IKO Armourbase 30, o membran bituminoas cu bitum oxidat pe baz de fibr de sticl de 3,0 mm. IKO Armourbase 15, o membran bituminoas cu bitum oxidat pe baz de fibr de sticl de 1,5 mm. IKO ArmourGard Ice & Water Protector o membran auto-adeziv cu bitum modificat SBS. Acoperirea doliilor (Prin metoda doliei deschise) IKO Armour Valley (pentru dolie): o membran cu bitum modificat APP de 4,0 mm n culoarea indrilei sau imitaie de tabla. Margini de cornie: Margini de cornie din metal pentru cornie i etrav. Dispozitive de fixare: Cuie galvanizate cu striaii, 25 mm lungime cu un diametru al capului de 10 mm i o seciune de 3 mm n diametru. Plcile Cambridge i Dynasty i fixarea n cuie a versantului n zona coamelor respectiv doliilor necesit cuie de 30 mm n lungime. Adezivi plastici: IKO Shingle Stick sau un adeziv plastifiant aprobat de IKO. Orificii de ventilaie Suficiente orificii de ventilaie pentru a satisface minimul necesar de ventilaie. (Cerei de la dealerul local IKO o brour cu detalii despre ventilaie.) 30 31

TERMENI
Figura 1a. 1. Expunere 2. mbinare de capt 3. Margini 4. Band auto-adeziv 5. Solzii placii de sindril Figura 1b. 1. Etrave (unghi de nclinaie) 2. Cornie/ streain 3. Dolii 4. Versant triunghiular 5. Coam de acoperi 6a

6b I 4a I
Superglass-3 Tab

25 mm

6b II

50 mm

25 mm

1a

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

25 mm
8

25 mm

1b 4a II

cm
50 cm

15

cm

Monarch / Armourglass

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm

Victorian / Superglass-Biber
50 cm

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

2 4b

30 cm

25 mm
Monarch-Diamant / Diamant

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm 25 mm 25 mm

25 mm

3
5 cm
cm 10

ArmourShield

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

4c
Cambridge

155 mm

155 mm

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

127 mm
Dynasty

127 mm

32

33

7
ArmourShield

Superglass - 3 Tab

Armourglass - 4 Tab Monarch - APP

Diamant Monarch - Diamant DiamantShield

Cambridge Dynasty

Victorian Superglass - Biber BiberShield

-75 cm -50 cm -25 cm

34

35

8a

9a

ESTIMAREA CERINTELOR PLACILOR DE SINDRILA BITUMATA


I. Pentru pardoseala acoperiului Expunerea plcilor trebuie s se fac n funcie de panta acoperiului aa cum se arat n tabelul de mai jos. Plcile nu trebuie aplicate pe pantele acoperiului care nu sunt specificate. Anumite ri pot avea reglementri diferite. Verificai normele locale pentru construcii. II. Pentru versani i coama de acoperi O bun aproximare este s se comande n plus 10-15% din material (depinznd de aria detaliilor acoperiului) pentru acoperirea coamelor de col, a muchiilor de acoperi i a benzii de pornire. Dac se aplic indril Victorian sau Cambridge comandai indril dreptunghiular pentru a acoperi coamele de col i de acoperi. Pentru Dynasty comandai benzi pentru coame de col i acoperi Dynasty.

8b
Tipul plcilor Cambridge Armourglass Victorian BiberShield Diamant DiamantShield ArmourShield Superglass - 3 Tab Superglass - Biber Panta acoperiului 2015261526151526151515261526151526152685 25 85 25 85 90 25 85 90 90 25 85 25 85 85 25 85 25 85 Expunere 15,5 cm 12,5 cm 14,3 cm 11,5 cm 13,0 cm 13,0 cm 9,7 cm 11,2 cm 11,2 cm 13,4 cm 12,5 cm 14,3 cm 11,5 cm 13,0 cm 12,7 cm 12,5 cm 14,3 cm 9,7 cm 11,2 cm Gradul de acoperire/Pachet 3,10 2,62 3,00 2,41 2,75 2,47 2,62 3,00 2,46 3,00 2,62 3,00 2,65 3,00 2,32 2,25 2,58 2,13 2,46 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 kg/m2 12,2 12,5 10,9 13,1 11,5 12,1 12,0 10,5 11,2 9,4 11,0 9,7 11,4 10,1 13,7 13,5 12,1 13,5 11,7

8c

9b

Dynasty Monarch Monarch - Diamant

Exemplu:

Tipul de indril: Panta acoperiului: Suprafaa acoperiului: Calculaie:

Armourglass 32 m2 240 m2 Panta acoperiului 26 - 85= 3,00 m2/pachet 240 m2/ 3,00 = 80 pachete

36

37

PREGATIREA ACOPERISULUI
I. PARDOSEALA ACOPERISULUI (Figura 2) Pardoseala acoperiului trebuie s fie neted, solid, uscat i bine fixat. Pardoseala trebuie s fie fcut din placaj de bun calitate, carton pentru izolaie sau plci structurate tip OSB (plci plate sau plci cu fibre). n cazul placrii cu scndur limea acesteia nu trebuie s depaeasc 15 cm lime. Toate produsele din lemn trebuie s fie condiionate adecvat pentru a avea echilibru la umiditate. Pardoseala trebuie instalat n zigzag i trebuie s fie bine susinut. Dac nu se folosete materialul de pardoseal potrivit care s ofere o suprafa rigid a pardoselii poate cauza micarea cadrului i n consecin poate duna plcilor. II. VENTILATIA (Figura 3) Este esenial s se permit cldurii i vaporilor de ap s ias din acoperi printr-o ventilaie corespunztoare. Prin urmare, aerul trebuie s circule liber ntre izolaie i cadrul pardosit al acoperiului, de la cornie ctre coama acoperiului. La o pant a acoperiului de 15-25 min. suprafaa net liber pentru ventilaie este de 33 cm2, la 25-85 min. suprafaa net liber pentru ventilaie este de 16 cm2 pentru fiecare 1 m2 de poriune de tavan izolat (P), ntotdeauna mprit egal ntre cornie i coam. (Pentru informaii suplimentare cutai broura IKO despre ventilaie). III. STRATUL DE SUSTINERE Trebuie instalat ct se poate de drept pentru a mpiedica neregularitile s fie proiectate pe suprafaa plcilor. Se instaleaz paralel cu corniele. Pant: 15-20 Opiunea 1 (Figura 4a I) Este preferabil s se acopere ntreaga pardoseal cu IKO ArmourGard Ice and Water Protector mpotriva apei i zpezii sau cu o membran cu bitum modificat cu proprieti similare care va etana ntreaga pardoseal. mbinrile verticale trebuie s fie de 15 cm i cele orizontale de 8 cm. Opiunea 2 (Figura 4a II) Utilizai IKO Armourbase PRO sau o membran similar, pentru a asigura o acoperire dubl a stratului de susinere a pardoselii acoperiului. Tiai o band de pornire de 50 cm i aplicai n straturi succesive fixate cu mbinri orizontale de 50 cm i mbinri verticale de 30 cm. Pant 21- 85 (Figura 4b) ntreaga pardoseal a acoperiului trebuie s fie acoperit cu IKO Armourbase PRO sau un alt strat de susinere pentru plci aprobat. Stratul de susinere va fi instalat paralel cu corniele cu o mbinare orizontal de 5 cm i una vertical de 10 cm. Fixai stratul de susinere doar cu attea cuie cte sunt necesare s-l in prins. Pant de 85-90 Nu se cere strat de susinere. Se pot aplica numai plci ArmourShield, DiamantShield i BiberShield. 38

IV. CONFECTIONAREA DOLIILOR Se pot urma metodele deschise, intreesute sau nchise pentru aplicarea plcilor n doliile acoperiului. Pregtirea doliei depinde de metod:

Pregtirea doliei deschise (Figura 5) Se acoper dolia cu 1m lime strat de susinere, Armourbase 30 (1). mbinrile verticale trebuie s fie de 30cm i s fie lipite (2). mbinrile verticale de la stratul de susinere al pardoselii trebuie s se suprapun peste dolie cu 15 cm (3). Terminai doliile aplicnd IKO Armour Valley pentru dolii sau un material echivalent peste stratul de susinere n dolii (4). Batei n cuie IKO Armour Valley la distane de 45 cm i 2,5cm de margine. Dac suprapunerea este inevitabil trebuie s aib 30 cm i s fie lipite sau sudate (5). Materialul echivalent trebuie s fie prins la cte 25 cm i suprapunerile vor fi de 30cm i lipite. Pregtirea doliilor ntreesute sau nchise Pregtii dolia cu un strat IKO ArmourGard Ice & Water Protector, folosii un strat de Armourbase 30 (sau un echivalent), btut n cuie la 2,5 cm de margine. Suprapunerile vor fi de 20 cm i lipite. V. PROTEJAREA CORNISELOR (Figura 4c) n zonele n care temperaturile medii din ianuarie sunt -1C, corniele trebuie protejate mpotriva acumulrilor de zpad care pot cauza acumulri de ap pe acoperi sub plci. Aplicai IKO ArmourGard Ice and Water Protector de la cornie pn la cel puin 60 cm peste linia intern a peretelui. Folosii mbinri orizontale de 8 cm i verticale de 15 cm. n mod alternativ, utilizai Armourbase 30 i asigurai o acoperire dubl a stratului de baz pn la cornie. Tiai o band de pornire de 50 cm lime i dispunei straturi succesive lipite cu mbinri orizontale de 50 cm i mbinri verticale de 30 cm la o distan de 60 cm peste linia intern a zidului. VI. MARGINI DE CORNISA (Figura 4b) Marginile de corni pentru etravele i corniele acoperiului trebuie s fie fcute dintr-un material anti-coroziv care se ntinde pe o suprafa de cel puin 8 cm de la margine i coboar n jos peste ele. Marginile de corni trebuie s fie aplicate peste stratul de baz la etrave (4) i sub stratul de baz la cornie (5). VII. PANGLICI DE TRASAT (Figura 7) Panglicile de trasat asigur reperele vizuale care aliniaz plcile orizontal i vertical. De asemenea aliniaz plcile de fiecare parte a lucarnei i a hornului. Liniile orizontale pot fi trase la 4 sau 5 rnduri (1) i o linie vertical (2) va fi utilizat pe plci n lungime unde o linie este tras n centru i plcile sunt aplicate n partea stng i dreapt a liniei. Toate panglicile de trasat vor fi considerate linii de reper i nu linii de aplicare. 39

MONTAJUL PLACILOR DE SINDRILA BITUMATA


I. BATEREA IN CUIE SI ETANSAREA Rigidizarea corect este esenial pentru un acoperi rezistent. Batei cuiul drept astfel nct capul s nu strpung suprafaa plcilor (Figura 6a). Batei cuiul ntotdeauna 2,5 cm deasupra captului i 2,6 cm de la marginea plcii. Pentru poziionarea corect i cantitile de cuie necesare pentru fiecare tip de plac i pant de acoperi vezi Figura 6b I. Nu uitai c aplicaiile pe pant mare (> 60) sau n zonele expuse la vnturi puternice necesit mai multe cuie i etanarea manual cu IKO Shingle Stick dup cum se vede n Figura 6b II. n timpul aplicaiilor pe intemperii trebuie adugat mai mult adeziv n acelai mod. n zonele cu vnturi puternice toate plcile trebuie lipite cel puin cele cinci rnduri de la vrf. Adezivul plastic trebuie aplicat n cantiti care s nu depeasc 25 mm diametru i folosit cu economie. Pentru fixarea n cuie a indrilelor Cambridge si Dynasty linia alb reprezint linia de reper pentru baterea cuielor. BANDA DE PORNIRE (Figura 7) Pregtii banda de pornire prin tierea tbliilor plcilor la acelai nivel de la vrful capetelor. ncepei banda de pornire tind banda la jumtatea tbliei astfel nct mbinrile s nu se alinieze cu mbinrile de la primul rnd de plci. Banda de pornire trebuie s treac peste cornie/streain cu 6-10 mm i peste etrav unde este posibil (3). Pentru Dynasty i Cambridge folosii plci dreptunghiulare. PRIMELE RANDURI & PROCEDURA DE APLICARE (Figura 7) Primul rnd (4): ncepei cu o plac ntreag aplicat la acelai nivel cu banda de pornire la etrav i corni. Batei n cuie aa cum se arat n figura 6 i continuai de-a lungul acoperiului cu plci complete. Rndul al doilea (5): Tiai jumtate dintr-o tblie de plac i ncepei de la captul etravei. Fixai placa n cuie astfel nct captul inferior al tbliei s fie la acelai nivel cu vrful marginii plcii din primul rnd. (Ajustai unde este necesar pentru pantele care necesit diferite expuneri, vezi Pag. 8 tabel/expunere). Rndul al treilea i urmtoarele (6): ncepei rndul al treilea cu o plac din care a fost tiat tblia. Tiai nc o jumtate din tblie pentru fiecare rnd care urmeaz. Pentru protecie maxim mpotriva ploii aduse de vnt, lipii placile de indril. Atenie: Cnd aplicai plcile Cambridge i Dynasty tiai din margine 25, 50, 70, .......cm de la marginea din stnga a primei plci n a-l doilea (5) n a-l treilea (6) n a-l patrulea (7), ... rnd.

II. MONTAJUL IN DOLII Metoda Doliei Deschise (Figura 8a) Tragei dou linii de reper de la coama acoperiului la corni/streain la 15 cm distan crescnd n lime cu 1 cm pe metru ctre corni (1). Tiai plcile n funcie de aceste linii i tiai un triunghi de 5 cm din colul de sus pentru a direciona apa n dolie (2). Acoperii captul dinspre dolie al fiecrei plci cu o band de 5 cm din IKO Shingle Stick (3) i batei cuiele la 5 cm mai jos de la linia de reper (4). Metoda Doliei ntreesute (Figura 8b) Instalai plcile de-a lungul interseciei doliei. Ultima plac ar trebui s se ntind cel puin 30 cm pe suprafaa de intersectare a acoperiului (1) rigidizat cu un cui n plus la colul superior al plcii (2). Apsai etan plcile pe dolie nainte de a le bate n cuie. Cuiele nu se vor bate pe o raz de 15 cm de linia de centru a doliei. Metoda Doliei nchise (Figura 8c) pentru pante de 23 Pentru rezultate bune: ncepei aplicarea pe planul acoperiului de pe cea mai joas parte sau mai puin nalt. Banda de pornire TREBUIE s fie ntreesut (1) (extindere + 25 cm peste cealalt pant de acoperi. Cuiele nu se vor bate pe o raz de 15 cm de linia de centru a doliei. Utilizai un cui suplimentar (2) la captul fiecrei plci care trece peste dolie. Dup terminarea acestui plan de acoperi trasai o alt linie de reper (3) la 5 cm de la linia de centru pe partea de acoperi care trebuie acoperit. Aplicai plcile pe al doilea plan, ajustai plcile pe aceast linie i tiai un triunghi de 5 cm (4) din colul de sus pentru direcionarea apei n dolie. Acoperii captul dinspre dolie al fiecrei plci cu o band de 5 cm din IKO Shingle Stick (5). III. VERSANTI SI COAMNE (Figura 9a & 9b) Ajustai ultimele rnduri de plci astfel nct coama acoperiului s acopere bine rndurile superioare de plci n mod egal pe ambele pri ale coamei. Tiai plcile de indril de form dreptunghiular i Diamant n buci individuale prin divizarea plcii la capete (1) (ArmourShield: (A) partea vizibil , (B) partea acoperit). (Figura 9a) Aplicai plcile de versant i coam cu grosime dubl prin alipirea a dou buci i ndoirea lor peste versant sau coam. Pe vreme rece nclzii placa nainte de ndoire. Batei cuiele coam la 16 cm de captul tbliei (2) i 2,5 de fiecare parte (3). ncepei aplicarea de la marginea coamei din direcie opus direcei vntului. (Figura 9b)

40

41

IV. HORNURI SI ZIDURI Hornuri ( Figura 10a ) Ziduri ( Figura 10b )

10a

10b

Reconditionarea acoperisurilor cu sindrila folosind sindrilele Cambridge sau Dinasty.

42

43

TARTALOM Zsindely felraksi tmutat


45 45 46 51 52 54 ltalnos felttelek Anyagszksglet Elnevezsek Zsindelyigny felmrse Tet elksztse Zsindely felraks

LTALNOS FELTTELEK
Az IKO nem vllal felelsget a zsindely szakszertlen felraksbl vagy a tetfellet nem megfelel elksztsbl ered bezsok esetn. A zsindely nem alkalmazhat kzvetlenl a tettr szigetelse fltt, a zsindely hordoz fellete s a szigetels kztt jl szellztetett lgrsnek kell elhelyezkednie. Azonos tetfelleten ne keverjen klnbz gyrtsi dtum zsindelyeket ! Az rnyalatnyi szneltrs a zsindely termszetbl addik s nem minsl gyrtsi hibnak. Elkerlend a sznfoltok kialakulst a tetn, a zsindelylapokat vletlenszeren kell klnbz csomagokbl sszevlogatni s tlsan felfel haladva bepteni. Tilos a zsindelyeket eltols nlkl felrakni! NE tvoltsa el a zsindelylapok htuljn tallhat vkony flicskot. Kizrlag cso magolsi cllal kerltek oda, nincs feladatuk a zsindely leragadsakor. Ugyanakkor az ntapad felletet vd flia az ArmourShield, DiamantShield s a BiberShield zsindelyek htuljn eltvoltand felraks eltt. ( 7 - 7 bra) A gyr ltal felvitt ragasztcskot a nap melege fogja aktivlni. Kzi ragaszts szk sges hideg idben trtn felrakskor illetve nagy tetlejts esetn. A felhasznlt bitumenes zsindelyragaszt csak az IKO ltal bevizsglt s jvhagyott lehet. A csomagokat felnyits eltt hajltsuk meg, gy segtve a zsindelylapok sztvlst. A lbnyomok kialakulst elkerlend, ne lpjnk a zsindelytetre forr idben.

ANYAGIGNY
Zsindelyek: Az IKO tbb mint 60 fle klnbz szn s tpus, vegftyol hordozj oxidbitumenes s APP modifiklt zsindelye. Alttlemezek: (Nincs mindegyikre szksg - lsd. ksbb) IKO Zsindely Alttlemez. ( IKO Armourbase PRO ) IKO Armourbase 30, 3,0 mm vastag, vegftyol hordozj oxidbitumenes lemez. IKO Armourbase 15, 1,5 mm vastag, vegftyol hordozj oxidbitumenes lemez. IKO ArmourGard Ice & Water Protector, SBS modifiklt, ntapad lemez. Vpa fedsek: (Nyitott vpa eljrs) IKO Armour Valley: 4,0 mm vastag, APP modifiklt lemez, a zsindelyek szneivel megegyez granultummal szrva. Bdogozsok: Eresz- s oromszegly lemezek. Rgzts: 25 mm hossz, rozsdamentes szgek, 10 mm fejtmrvel. A szgszr tmrje minimum 3 mm s bordzott. A Cambridge tpus s a gerinc valamint az lgerincek szgelst 30 mm hossz szgekkel kell vgezni. Hidegragaszt: IKO Shingle Stick vagy ms, az IKO ltal jvhagyott hidegragaszt. Szellzk: A minimlisan elrt szellzsi keresztmetszetet legalbb biztost szellzk. 44 45

KIFEJEZSEK
1a. bra 1.Lthat fellet 2.Fejrsz 3.Kivgsok 4.ntapad csk 5.Tagozatok 1b. bra 1.Oromszegly 2.Ereszszegly 3.Vpk 4.lgerinc 5.Gerinc 6a

6b I

25 mm

6b II

50 mm

25 mm

1a

4a I
Superglass-3 Tab

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

25 mm
8

25 mm

1b 4a II

cm
50 cm

15

cm

Monarch / Armourglass

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm

Victorian / Superglass-Biber
50 cm

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

2 4b

30 cm

25 mm
Monarch-Diamant / Diamant

25 mm

25 mm

25 mm 25 mm 25 mm

25 mm

3
5 cm
cm 10

ArmourShield

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

4c
Cambridge

155 mm

155 mm

25 mm

50 mm

25 mm

127 mm
Dynasty

127 mm

46

47

7
ArmourShield

Superglass - 3 Tab

Armourglass - 4 Tab Monarch - APP

Diamant Monarch - Diamant DiamantShield

Cambridge Dynasty

Victorian Superglass - Biber BiberShield

-75 cm -50 cm -25 cm

48

49

8a

9a

ZSINDELYIGNY MEGHATROZSA
I. A tetfellet zsindelyignye. A lthat fellet nagysga a tet lejtsszgtl fgg, amint azt a tblzat mutatja. Nem rakhat zsindely a jelzettl eltr lejtsszgek esetn. Egyes orszgokban klnbzhetnek az elrsok. Ellenrizze a helyi szablyozst!

II. Gerincek s lek zsindelyignye. J kzeltssel 10-15 %-kal tbblet zsindely rendelse szksges a gerincek s lek fedshez valamint a kezdsor kialaktshoz. Victorian, Superglass-Biber vagy Cambridge zsindely felraksakor rendeljen azonos szn, tglny tpust a gerincek s lek fedsre. Dynasty zsindelyhez rendeljen Dynasty hip & ridge gerincelemet.

8b
Zsindely tpus Cambridge Armourglass Victorian BiberShield Diamant DiamantShield ArmourShield Superglass - 3 Tab Superglass - Biber Dynasty Monarch Monarch - Diamant Tet lejts 2015261526151526151515261526151526152685 25 85 25 85 90 25 85 90 90 25 85 25 85 85 25 85 25 85 Lthat fellet 15,5 cm 12,5 cm 14,3 cm 11,5 cm 13,0 cm 13,0 cm 9,7 cm 11,2 cm 11,2 cm 13,4 cm 12,5 cm 14,3 cm 11,5 cm 13,0 cm 12,7 cm 12,5 cm 14,3 cm 9,7 cm 11,2 cm Feds/Csomag 3,10 2,62 3,00 2,41 2,75 2,47 2,62 3,00 2,46 3,00 2,62 3,00 2,65 3,00 2,32 2,25 2,58 2,13 2,46 m m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2 m2
2

Sly: kg/m2 12,2 12,5 10,9 13,1 11,5 12,1 12,0 10,5 11,2 9,4 11,0 9,7 11,4 10,1 13,7 13,5 12,1 13,5 11,7

8c

9b

Plda: zsindelytpus: Armourglass Tetlejts: 32 Tetfellet: 240 m2 Kalkulci: Tetlejts 26- 85 = 3,00 m2/csomag 240 m2 / 3,00 = 80 csomag

50

51

A TET ELKSZTSE
I. HORDOZ FELLET (2 bra) A tetfelletnek simnak, kemnynek, szraznak s biztonsgosan rgztettnek kell lennie. Anyaga lehet j minsg rtegelt lemez vagy nem vetemed fahncslemez (OSB). Deszka hasznlata esetn az maximum 15 cm szles lehet. Minden faanyagot megfelelen ki kell szrtani bepts eltt. A hordoz felletet megfelelen al kell tmasztani s eltolt rendszerben kialaktani. Nem megfelelen merev hordozfelletet biztost anyag hasznlata tetmozgsokat eredmnyezhet, amelyek krostjk a zsindelyt. II. SZELLZTETS (Figure 3) Elengedhetetlen, hogy megfelel szellzsi lehetsget biztostsunk a tetsz erkezetben, amelyen keresztl a h s a pra tvozhat. Lehetv kell tenni a szabad leveg ramlst a hordozfellet alja s a hszigetels kztt, az eresztl a gerincig. A minimlis nett szellzfellet 15- 25 tetlejts esetn 33 cm2, 25- 85 tetlejts esetn 16 cm2 minden 1 m2 szigetelt tetfelletre szmtva (P), mindg egyenl elosztsban az eresz s a gerinc kztt. (Tovbbi informcit az IKO Szellzsi brossrjban tall.) III. ALTT Elkerlend, hogy a tet egyenetlensgei kivetljenek a ksz zsindelyfelsznre, rgztsk az alttlemezt a lehet legsimbban, gyrdsektl s hullmoktl mentesen, prhuzamosan az eresszel. 15- 20 tetlejts esetn 1 lehetsg: (4a I bra) Javasolt a teljes tetfellet lefedse IKO ArmourGard Ice and Water Protector vagy hasonl, modifiklt nehzlemezzel, amely a teljes tetfelletre ragad. A tekercsek vgeinl 15, oldalainl 8 cm-es tfedst alkalmazzunk. 2. lehetsg: (4a II bra) Hasznljunk IKO Zsindely Alttlemez vagy hasonl alttlemezt, dupla fedst alaktva ki a teljes tetfelleten. Vgjunk egy 50 cm szles kezdsort, majd folytas suk a felrakst 50 cm-es tfedsekkel az oldalaknl s 30 cm-es fggleges tfedst a vgeknl. 21- 85 tetlejts esetn (4b bra) A teljes tetfelletet fedjk IKO Zsindely Alttlemez alttlemezzel vagy ms, engedlyezett zsindelyaltttel. Az alttet az eresszel prhuzamosan, 5 cm-es vzszintes s 10 cm-es fggleges tfedssel rgztsk. pp annyi szget hasznljunk, amennyi a helyn tartja az alttet. 85- 90 tetlejts esetn Nincs szksg alttlemezre. Kizrlag ArmourShield, DiamantShield s BiberShield zsindely hasznlhat. 52

IV:VPK A vpk elksztse attl fgg, hogy a 5 Nyitott, Fonott vagy a Vgott vpakpzsi eljrst vlasztjuk: Nyitott vpa elksztse (5 bra). Fedjk a vpt 1 m szles Armourbase 30 (1) altttel. Az tfedseket 30 cm-esre hagyjuk s leragasztjuk (2). A tetfelletek alttlemezeinek vgt 15 cm-el kell a vpa alttje fl engedni. (3). Fejezzk be a vpa kialaktst IKO Armour Valley vpalemez vagy fm vpafeds felraksval (4). A Armour Valley-t 40 cm-enknt szgeljk, 2,5 cm-re a szltl. Amennyiben az tfeds elkerlhetetlen, gy annak 30 cm-esnek kell lenni s ragasztssal vagy heggeszts sel (melegtssel lm) kell rgzteni (5). A fmfedst 25 cm-enknt kell szgelni, 30 cm-es tfedst kialaktani s azt ragasztani. Fonott s Vgott vpa elksztse. Ksztsk el a vpt egy rteg IKO ArmourGard Ice and Water Protector-ral, 30 cm-es tfedssel. Alternativaknt hasznlhatunk Armourbase 30 vagy ms, enged lyezett zsindely alttlemezt, amit a szlektl 2,5 cm-re szgelnk. Az tfedsek 30 cm-esek s ragasztottak. V. AZ ERESZSZEGLY VDELME (4c bra) Azokon az ghajlatokon, ahol Janurban az tlaghmrsklet -1C, az ereszszeglyt vdeni kell a visszafagystl, amely a vz visszajutst eredmnyezi a tetszerkezetbe, a zsindely al. Alkalmazzunk IKO ArmourGard Ice and Water Protector-t az eresz mentn, legalbb a bels faltl befel mrt 60 cm-es tvolsgig. 8 cm-es vzszintes s 15 cm-es fggleges tfedst alaktsunk ki. Alternativaknt hasznlhatunk Armourbase 30 alttlemezt, amellyel ketts fedst alaktunk ki. Vgjunk egy 50 cm szles kezdsort, majd folytassuk a felrakst 50 cm-es leragasztott tfedsekkel az oldalaknl s 30 cm-es fggleges tfedst a vgeknl. Fedjk a tett gy legalbb a bels faltl befel mrt 60 cm-es tvolsgig. VI. SZEGLYLEMEZEK (4b bra) Az eresz- s oromszegly lemezek kszljenek rozsdall anyagbl gy, hogy legalbb 8 cm-el nyljanak tl a tet szlnl s arra rhajoljanak. A bdogozst az eresznl (5) az alttlemez al, mg az oromnl fl kell installlni (4). VII. KRTAVONALAK (7 bra) A krtavonalak vizulis segtsget nyjtanak, amelyek segtenek belltani a zsindelyt vzszintesen s fgglegesen. Szintn segtenek a tettrgyak (kmny, ablak) megkerlsnl. Vzszintes krtavonalat csaphatunk minden 4-5. zsindelysornl (1). Hossz zsindelysorok esetn hasznljunk fggleges krtavona lat gy, hogy a sor kzepn csapjuk ki s a vonaltl jobbra s balra rakjuk a zsindelyeket (2). A krtavonalak vezet segtsgek s nem felraksi helyet jellnek. 53

ZSINDELY FELRAKS
I. SZGELS S RAGASZTS A j tet elfelttele a megfelel rgzts. gy verjk be a szgeket, hogy azok feje szineljen, de ne vgjon bele a zsindely felszinbe.(6a bra) Mindg a kivgsok felett 2,5 cm-el s a szlektl 2,5 cm-re szgeljnk. A 6b I brn lthat a korrekt szgels helye s mennyisge a hasznlt zsindelytpustl s tetlejtstl fggen. Fontos: szeles terleteken vagy 60 feletti tetlejts esetn tovbbi szgek s IKO Shingle Stick-kel trtn kziragaszts hasznlata vlhat szksgess, ahogy ezt a 6b II bra mutatja. Hideg idben trtn felrakskor szintn kziragaszts szksges. Szeles terleten a gerinc melletti fels t sor minden zsindelytagozatt le kell ragasztani. A bitumenes ragasztt vatosan kell adagolni gy, hogy egy ragasztpont tmrje ne legyen nagyobb kb. 25 mm-nl. Szgelsi pozci Dynasty s Cambridge: FEHR VONAL = SZGELSI VONAL. KEZDSOR (7 bra) Ksztsnk kezdsort gy, hogy a kivgsok fels vgeit sszekt vonal mentn levgjuk a tagozatokat a zsindelyrl. Vgjunk le fl tagozatnyit az els kezdsor elembl, gy biztostva, hogy ennek tallkozsai nem fognak egybeesni az els zsindelysor tallkozsaival. A kezdsornak 6-10 mm-el kell tllgnia az ereszszeglyen illetve az oromszeglyen, ahol lehet (3). Dynasty s Cambridge esetben hasznljunk tglny zsindelyt. ELS SOR S A FELRAKS FOLYAMATA (7 bra) Els sor (4): Kezdjnk egy teljes zsindelylappal, amit az oromnl s az eresznl a kezdsorhoz igaztunk. Szgeljk, ahogy az a 6a brn lthat s folytassuk a tetn keresztl egsz zsindelyekkel. Msodik sor (5): Vgjunk le fl tagozatnyit egy zsindelylapbl s kezdjk az oromnl a felrakst. gy szgeljk le a zsindelyt, hogy a tagozatok als szlei fedsbe kerljenek az elz zsindelysor kivgsainak tetejvel. (gy mdostsuk a lthat fellet nagysgt, ahogy azt a tetlejts megkvnja. lsd 7. oldal tblzat) Harmadik s tovbbi sorok (6): Vgjunk le egy egsz tagozatnyit egy zsindelyrl s ezzel kezdjk a sort az oromnl. Minden tovbbi sornl egy fl tagozatnyival tbbet vgjunk le a sorkezd zsindelybl. A szlverte vz elleni vdekezs cljbl ragasszuk le a zsindelyt az oromszeglynl. Figyelem: Cambridge vagy Dynasty zsindely felraksakor vgjon le 25, 50 vagy 75 cm-t a sorkezd zsindely bal szlbl a msodik (5) , a harmadik (6) , a negyedik (7) , ... sorban.

II. VPK ZSINDELYEZSE Nyitott vpa eljrs (8a bra) Csapjunk krtavonalat a gerinctl az ereszig gy hogy a gerincnl 8-8 cm-re induljon a vpa essvonaltl jobbra s balra s mterenkt 1 cm-el nvekedjen a szlessge az eresz fel haladva. (1) Ezekhez a krtavonalakhoz vgjuk a zsindelyeket a vpban s vgjunk le egy 5 cm nagysg hromszget minden zsindely sarkbl, hogy a vpba vezesse a vizet. (2) Minden zsindely vpa felli vgt ragasszuk le IKO Shingle Stick (3) ragasztval s a krtavonalaktl 5 cm-es tvolsgban szgeljk (4). Fonott Vpa eljrs (8b bra) Vgezzk el a zsindely felrakst a vpn keresztl. Az utols zsindelynek legalbb 30 cm-el kell tfednie a msik tetfelletre(1), ahol egy tovbbi szggel rgztjk a fels sarkt(2). Szgels eltt szorosan nyomjuk a vpba a zsindelyt. Ne szgeljnk a vpa kzpvonaltl mrt 15 cm-en bell! Vgott Vpa eljrs (8c bra) 23 felett Kezdjk a vpa kikpzst a laposabb vagy a nagyobb tetskkal. A kezdelemet ssze kell fonni (1) (engedjk t legalbb 25 cm-rel a msik tetskra). Ne szgeljnk a vpa kzpvonaltl mrt 15 cm-en bell ! Egy darab tovbbi szget hasznljunk minden zsindely vgnl, ami tszeli a vpt.(2) Miutn befejeztk ezt a tetskot, csapjunk ki egy krtavonalat (3) 5 cm-rel a kzpvonaltl a mg be nem fedett tetskon. Rakjuk fel a zsindelyeket a msodik tetskon, vgjuk a vgeiket a krtavonalhoz s vgjunk le a fels sarkukbl egy 5 cm-es hromszget, hogy a vizet a vpba vezessk. (4) Minden zsindely vpa felli vgt ragasszuk le IKO Shingle Stick ragasztval(5). III.GERINCEK S LEK (9a & 9b bra) gy fejezzk be az utols zsindelysort, hogy a gerinc fedse megfelelen takarja azt mindkt oldalon. A kivgsok mentn vgjunk a tglny s gymnt zsindelyekbl gerincelemeket (1). ( ArmourShield: (A) lthat rsz, (B) fedett rsz ). (9a bra) A gerinc s lfed zsindelyeket dupla fedssel kell felrakni. Hideg idben melegtsk meg a zsindelyt hajlts eltt. Az elemeket a tagozatok szltl 16 cm-re szgeljk(2) s 2,5 cm-re mindkt oldaltl (3). A meghatroz szlrnnyal szembeni vgn kezdjk a gerinc fedst. (9b bra)

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IV. BDOGOZSOK Kmny (10a bra) Lpsenknti bdog (10b bra)

10a

10b

jrafeds Cambridge vagy Dynasty zsindellyel.

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