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# Jeff Bivin -- LZHS

Absolute Value
Functions
Graphs
and
Compound Functions

By: Jeffrey Bivin
Lake Zurich High School

jeff.bivin@lz95.org
Last Updated: November 15, 2006
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
Absolute Value Functions

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Graphs
1. Translations
2. Quick Graphs
3. Graphing Inequalities

Writing as Compound Functions
4. Using the vertex and slopes
5. From Definition
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
Absolute Value
Functions
Translations
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y =|x|
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = |x+1| + 2
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = |2x+5| - 4
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = 2 |x - 3| + 1
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = 3 |2x - 3| - 4
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
Absolute Value
Functions
Quick Graphs

Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y =|x|
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = |x+1| + 2
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = |2x+5| - 4
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = 2 |x - 3| + 1
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = 3 |2x - 3| - 4
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
Absolute Value
Functions
Graphing Inequalities

Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y |2x+5| - 4
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y > -2 |x - 3| + 1
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y |x+1| + 2
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y < -2 |3x + 4| + 1
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y 3|-2x + 8| - 1
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
Absolute Value
Functions
Writing as
Compound Functions
using
Vertex and slopes

Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = | x + 2 |
0 2 = + x
2 = x
( ) ) 2 ( 1 0 = x y
2 + = x y
( ) 2 1 + = x y
2 = x y
| )
( )

+ +
=
2 , , 2
, 2 , 2
x
x
y
( ) 0 , 2
Vertex (-2, 0)
Slopes of sides
m = 1
right side
1 = m
1 = m
( ) 2 1 + = x y
left side
( ) ( ) 2 1 0 = x y
2 > x 2 < x
2 = x
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = 3| x - 4 |
0 4 = x
4 = x
( ) 4 3 0 = x y
12 3 = x y
12 3 + = x y
| )
( )

+
+
=
4 , , 12 3
, 4 , 12 3
x
x
y
( ) 0 , 4
Vertex (4, 0)
Slopes of sides
m = 3
right side
3 = m
3 = m
left side
( ) 4 3 0 = x y
4 > x 4 < x
4 = x
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = -2| x + 1 |
0 1 = + x
1 = x
( ) ) 1 ( 2 0 = x y
( ) 1 2 + = x y
2 2 + = x y
| )
( )

+
+
=
1 , , 2 2
, 1 , 2 2
x
x
y
( ) 0 , 1
Vertex
Slopes of sides
m = 2
right side
2 = m 2 = m
left side
( ) ) 1 ( 2 0 = x y
1 > x
1 < x
1 = x
2 2 = x y
( ) 1 2 + = x y
( ) 0 , 1
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = 2| x - 5 | +3
0 5 = x
5 = x
( ) 5 2 3 = x y
10 2 3 = x y
13 2 + = x y
( |
( )

+
+
=
, 5 , 7 2
5 , , 13 2
x
x
y
( ) 3 , 5
Vertex (5, 3)
Slopes of sides
m = 2
right side
2 = m
2 = m
left side
( ) 5 2 3 = x y
5 > x 5 < x
5 = x
7 2 = x y
10 2 3 + = x y
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = -4| 2x - 5 | + 7
0 5 2 = x
5 2 = x
( )
2
5
8 7 = x y
20 8 7 + = x y
13 8 = x y
( )
( |

+ +
=
2
5
2
5
, , 13 8
, , 27 8
x
x
y
( ) 7 ,
2
5
Vertex
Slopes of sides
m = 8
right side
8 = m 8 = m
left side
( )
2
5
8 7 = x y
2
5
> x
2
5
< x
2
5
= x
27 8 + = x y
20 8 7 = x y
2
5
= x
( ) 7 ,
2
5
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
Absolute Value
Functions
Writing as
Compound Functions
From Definition

Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = | x + 2 |
0 2 = + x
2 = x
If x > -2
( ) 2 + = x y
2 + = x y
If x < -2
( ) 2 + = x y
2 = x y

<
> +
=
2 , 2
2 , 2
x x
x x
y
2 = x
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = 3| x - 4 |
0 4 = x
4 = x
If x > 4
( ) 4 3 = x y
12 3 = x y
If x < 4
( ) 4 3 = x y
12 3 + = x y

< +
>
=
4 , 12 3
4 , 12 3
x x
x x
y
4 = x
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = -2| x + 1 |
0 1 = + x
1 = x
If x > -1
( ) 1 2 + = x y
2 2 = x y
If x < -1
( ) 1 2 + = x y
2 2 + = x y

< +
>
=
4 , 2 2
1 , 2 2
x x
x x
y
2 = x
Jeff Bivin -- LZHS
y = -3| 2x + 3 | + 1
0 3 2 = + x
3 2 = x
( ) 1 3 2 3 + + = x y
1 9 6 + = x y
( ) 1 3 2 ) 3 ( + + = x y
1 ) 3 2 ( 3 + + = x y

< +
>
=

2
3
2
3
, 10 6
, 8 6
x x
x x
y
2
3
= x
2
3
= x
2
3
> x If
2
3
< x If
8 6 = x y
1 9 6 + + = x y
10 6 + = x y