Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 2

NSP IP #11 Media, Lobbies, Interest Groups, and Think Tanks Divided America on the World Stage - Wiarda

Elitist perspective - let the smart people take care of this; Interest Groups About half of all bills written by them? How? PR firms, relationships, ... Purpose? To skip echelon...right to decision makers; Who? Often former government, military, ... with connection; big Rolodex; expanding influence of money; How can we tell when it's gone too far? Not new--Hamilton concerned about influence of small groups and domestic ignorance; inherent in Democracy; elite influence was a good idea because they would know better; Presence if contractors in military is not new either; Senior mentors (retired generals)--tremendous expertise in developing military officers that comes under attack publicly because of perceptions of elite influence; Advice is never make an important decision after talking to a lobbyist; don't shut them up but get other sides/multiple perspectives; Formal vs informal system - communication, economy, politics, ... Consider that the existence of them informal system ensued the success of our formal system of government coming into being; ------------Think Tanks Post WWI...take academic expertise and play in policy relevant community Second wave - government sponsored; Third wave - Advocacy think tanks - explicitly partisan orgs; Focus on research vs answers; Ability to create forum to build/attract interest; **Holding places for people out of power; Dangers: Starting with answers and then gen'ing research to support is potentially dishonest; choosing think tank based on predisposed leanings; Ideology--will exclude various models and answer sets; One of the benefits - it's not me arguing this, it's the experts; Academia - seen as abstract; not rewarded; prevents tenure; application is a lesser form; if you're seen as an expert, you draw negative attention; -----Public Opinion (pg 96) Building a story/narrative fallacy to understand/justify a specific outcome or perception of public opinion;

----Media (pg 99) Fracturing of America in ethnic, racial, media, political.... Not broadcasting today...narrow-casting to appeal to small demographic because there are so many media orgs vying for percentage of pie; People do choose but the feedback loop has promoted appealing strongly to a very specific base; When the media becomes the story; reporter becoming part of the news;