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tkmjy-env bqWnn sk Hm^v Cy (I-yq-Wn-v)

amv 2013 hmeyw 39 ew 12

kwm\ Inn apJ-]{Xw

No^v FUn- : kn. sI. eqtmkv

t]Pv 16 hne 5.00 cq]

A`q-X-]qamb P\-]n-p-W-tbmsS

Ncn{XhnP-bw hcn
ZznZn\ s]mXp]Wn-ap-Sv
Ign

cv ]Xn-m-mbn tI{kw-m\ km-cp-I \S-m-n-sm-n-cn-p sXmgn-em-fn-hn-cp-hpw cmPyt{Zm-l]c-hp-amb BtKm-f-h-cW \b-s-Xnsc, cmPys D]m-Z\- tkh\ taJ-e-I H--S-w 48 aWn-q
kvXw-`n-n-p-sImv Cy sXmgn-em-fn-hw H-s-mbn \S-nb sFXn-lm-kn-I-amb ZznZn\ AJn-teym s]mXp]Wnap-Sv `cW-Iq-Ss ]nSn-p-ebv-p I\ Xmo-Xmbn amdn. cmPy-n-\-Ipw ]pd-p-ap Ip-I-Iv
cmPyns s]mXp-k-v AmsS Xosd-gp-Xn- \Ip-Ibpw kp krjvSn-p Azm-\n-p--h-cp-tSbpw _lpP\-fp-tSbpw PohnXw \mp-\m Zp-l-amn Xop-Ibpw sNp \b-sXn-sc-bp ISp Aajhpw {]Xntj-[-hp-amWv Cu ]Wn-ap-S-n-eqsS {]I-S-am-bn-cn-p--Xv. temIw I Ghpw henb ]Wn-ap-S-sv hnti-jn-n-m\mIpw hn[w cmPy-ns \m\m taJ-e-I-fnse 12- tIm-Sn-bn-e-[nIw sXmgn-em-fn-I 48 aWn-q ]-Wn-ap-S-n-sImv Cu
{]tm-`s AXyp-z-e-amb Ncn{X kw`-h-am-n-bn-cn-p-p.
tI{ kwm\ kmcp-I-fpsS Fm-cw `oj-Wn-Isfbpw k--sfbpw B{I-aW-t- f-bpw A
- X
- n-Pohnp-sImpw
Cy sXmgn-emfnh-n-s \n-b
- Z- mUyhpw B-ho-cyhpw
sXfn- b n- p- s Impw ]Wn- a p- S ns\ sFXn-lm-kn-I hnP-b-amnb sXmgn- e mfn e- - s f
B Cy bp.-Sn.-bp.kn. AJntey {]kn- U v kJmhv
IrjvWN{I-hnbpw P\-d
sk{I-dn kJmhv i kmlbpw
lrZy-ambn A`n-\-n-p-sImv
A`n-hmZyw sNp-Ib
- p-m-bn.
Cu ]Wn-ap-Sv s]mSp-s\

Dmb H-.- B-i-b-]-c-amb


`nX Ds-n-epw- tbm-Pnp
Unamp- I D- b npsImv
Cy-bnse 11 tI{ t{SUv bqWnb- \ p- I Ign aqp- \ mep
hj- t m- f - a mbn Nn- b mb
{]tm-`W
-
- ns ]
- m-Xb
- n-em-W.v
CXn-\Iw \S Htsd ]Wn-ap-Sp-Ipw- av ka-c- ]-cn-]m-SnIpw `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-I bmsXm-cp-hn-ebpw In-m-sX- Ah-K-Wn--tm-gm-Wv Cu cp-Zn-hks s]mXp- ] - W n- a p- S v
{]Jym]n-m t{SUv-bqWnb-\pI \n_n-X-cm-b-Xv.
5 am-k-v apv U-ln-

bn tN AJn- t ey
Ihj-\n shmWv ZznZn\
]Wn- a p- S - ns {]Jy- m ]\w
tI{ t{SUvbq-Wnb t\Xm
\S-n-b-Xv. hne--bw XS-bpI,
sXmgn kwc-n-p-Ibpw sXmgne-h-k-c- hn-np-Ibpw
sNp- I , sXmgn \nb- a -
Ii-\-ambn \S-m-p-I, kwLSnX Akw-L-SnX taJ-e-bnse
sXmgn-em-fn-Iv km-{XnI
kmaqly kpcm ]Xn
sImp- h - c n- I bpw CXn- \ mbn
tZiob kmaqly kpcm ^v
cq]o-Ic
- n-p-Ibpw sNpI, tI{
kw- m\ s]mXp- t a- J e

m]-\--fpsS Hmlcn hn-gn Ah- k m- \ n- n- pI ,


nckz`m- h - a p tPmen- I
Icmh- c n- - c p- X v , ncw
sXmgn-em-fn-Iv \Ip thX\hpw B\p-Iq-ey-fpw Icm
sXmgn- e m- f n- I pw \Ip- I ,
10000 cq] an\naw thX\w Ddmpw hn[w an\naw thPkv
BIvSv t`Z- K Xn sNp- I ,
t_mWkpw ]n.-F^pw e`n-p-Xn-\p Fm ]cn-[n-Ifpw FSpp-I-f-bp-Ibpw {Kmp-hnn XpI
hn-n-p-Ibpw sNp-I, Fmhpw s]j Dd-m-p-I,
(tijw t]Pn 8)

s^{_p-hcn 20 \v Xncp-h-\-]p-cp \S kwbp sXmgn-emfn {]I-S\w

km Unmp-samnsmv
sI.-F-kv.-B.-Sn.knsb kwc-n-pI
sI.Fkv.-B.-Sn.kn kz`mhnI Nc-a-a-S-bp-Ibm-sWv KXmKX hIpv a{n \nb-k`-- -bnepw
\nb-a-k-`bvv ]pdpw \n-_p-n-tbmsS Bhn-p-Ibm-Wv. 30,000-tmfw sXmgn-em-fnI ]Wn- s b- S p- p tIc- f nse {]apJ s]mXp-ta-Jem
m]-\--fnsem-ns Poh
kwc- n- m _my- X - s
hIpv a{n Xs C{]-Imcw

Bhn-p-Xv P\-n-Sbn kwi-b-ap-Wn-bnpv.


kzIm-cy-h-c-W-n-\pthnbp Bkq- { Xn- X - a mb
]Xn Uok {]Xn- k - nbpsS t]cn \S-m-m\p
\o- a mWv bYm- n
Ctm \S-p-X
- v.
Uok k_vknUn ]nh-en-s--Xns\pSv Ctm-gpm-bn-p {]Xn-k-n ]cn-l-cn-

m, CXn-t\m-SIw 100 tImSn cq]bpsS km-nI klmbw sI.F-kv.-B.-Sn.knv \In- FsXm-gnv km asmcp \S-]Snbpw Cu \nanjw hscbpw kzoIcn-n-n-. Uok-ens _v
]t-k F m\w Hgn-hmm \nh[n am- ]ecpw
Nqn- m- n- b npw B hgnsmpw km Nnn-m-sX-m-Wv? Xs Gn-m

Hcm-gvN-sImv Uok {]iv\w


]cn-l-cn-m-savv asmcp a{n
]d-bp-Xn\npw ]cn-lmcw
Bbm-kc
- l
- n-Xa- mbn Is-m-\mhp-sav hy-am-Ip-n-t. F- \n- I - f n \npw t\cnv
hmp- Xv Hgn- h m- n- s mv
s]mXp-]
- p-If
- n \nv Uok
\nd-bvm Xocp-am-\n-m-sXmWv ? C- c - s amcp \S- ] Sn
(tijw t]Pn 5)

lyqtKm
jmth-kn\v
BZ-cm-RvP-en-I
sh\n-tkz-e-bpsS {]kn-U v lyqtKm jmth-kns
\ncymW-n A\p-timNn-- psImv Fkv b p- k nsF(Iyq-Wnv) P\-d
sk{I-dn kJmhv s{]mhmjv t Lmjv ]pd- s - S p- h n
{]kvXm-h-\:sh\n- t kz- e - b psS {]knUpw Dd km{am-Py-Xz-hn-cp
t]mcm-fn-bp-amb lyqtKm jmthkns \ncym-W-n R
AKm-[-amb ZpxJw tcJ-s-Spp-p. Ata-cn- km{am-PyXz-ns lo\ ]XnIpw
ta[m-hn-Xz-n-\pw bp-k-ml-p-sa-Xn-sc, sh\n-tkze-bnse am{X-a-, emn Atacn--bnsebmsI P\-pta Ah \S-nb Nqj-Wn\pw ASn--a-en-\p-saXnsc, Pohn- X m- yw- h sc
Atlw \S-nb \nc--chpw
[ochpw hnp-ho-gvN-bn-m-Xpamb t]mcm--hpw, P\-v
Gsd Bizm- k - I - c - a mw- h n[w
{]kn- U v F \ne- b n
Atlw \S-nb {]h\hpw temI-sa-m-Sp-ap tImSn-W
- n\v Azm-\n-p P\- f psS a\- n Fpw
ambmsX \np-w; km{am-Py-Xzn-s\-Xn-cm-b, hnti-jnv Atacn- km{am-Py-Xz-n-s\-Xncmb, Ah- c psS ka- c - n
Fpw {]tNm-ZIambn hnp-w. [oc-\mb B km{am-Py-Xzhn-cp t]mcm-fn-bp-sS, sh\n-tkze-bnse P\--fpsS AXn-Im-b\mb Cu t\Xm-hns, Pzenp Hm- I p- a p- n
R BZ-cmRvPen Anp-p. Ata-cn- km{am-PyXzs \J-in-Jmw FXn
At-l-ns al-mb kac-]m-c-cyw sh\n-tkz-e-bnse
P\- AN-ew apdp-sI-nSnv apt- d p- s apw emn
Ata-cn--bn-emsI AXns
hocyw {]k- c n- n- p- s apw
R {]Xym-in-pp.

bqWnn

amv 2013

aqmw AJn-teym h\n-Xm-k-t-f-\-ns {]Xn-\n[n kt-f-\-n k.-s{]m-hm-jv tLmjv

amIvkn-kw-s- e-\n-\n-kw-i- n-_vZm-kvtLmjv Nn F al-mb {]Xy-bi- m-kv{X-m

kv{XoP-\-e--sf DWn {]_p--cmn AWn-\n-c-pI


(2013 P\p-hcn 31\v Xncp-h-

\-]
- p-cv hv AJnteym
h\n-Xm-k-t-f-\-ns {]Xn\n[n kt-f-\-n Fkv.bp.-kn.-sF (-I-yq-Wn-v) P\dsk-{I-dn k.-s{]m-hmjv
tLmjv \S-nb {]kw-Kw)

BZy-ambn, hntZ-i
- p-\n-sn-bn-p ktlm-Zc
- {- ]-Xn-\n-[n-Isfbpw ChnsS Fn- b n- p
asm {]Xn-\n-[n-I-sfbpw Rm
hn-hm-`n-hm-Z-\- Adn-bn-psIm--s. kJm--tf, Npcpw
Nne kwm- \ - - s fm- g nsI
CUy-bpsS apgp-h {]mXn-\n-[yan-hn-sS-bp-v. \psS cmPys
tImSm-\p-tImSn hcp an-Xc
- mb
kv{XoIsf {]Xn-\n-[o-Ic
- n-p-h
- cmWv \n. \psS cmPys
Pohn-X
- ns Fm taJ-eI
- f
- pw,
km- n- I hpw cmjv { So- b hpw
kmaq-lyhpw kmwkvIm-cn-Ihpw
[mn-Ihpw ss\Xn-I-hp-amb
Fm aWvU-e-fpw kq
\mi- n- t ebv v Iqp- I p- nsm-n-cn-p Hc-h-k-c-nemWv \n-fn-hnsS kt-fn-pXv. AXn-s\mcp ]cn-lm-c-amw
Is-m, kv{XoI-fp-sS Xmev]cyhpw kaq-l-n-s-sbm-msI
Xmev]-cyhpw Dbn-n-Sn-p
hn- h - t m- c m- - ns amw
\n- b n- m, thn- b mWv
AJn-teym alnfm kmwkvImcnI kwL-S-\-bpsS (AIMSS)
Blzm-\-{]-Imcw \n Cu
kt-f-\-n Hp-tNn-cnp-X
- v.
kv{XoIs-Xn-sc-bp Ip-Ir-Xy \nc-cw hn-p-h-cp-p.
cmPyw AXn-thKw ]ptcm-K-anp-sIm-n-cn-p-X
- mbn `c-Wm-[nIm-cn-I A`n-am-\]
- qw Ah-Imi- s - S p- p. GXm\pw \m
apmWv Ah 64-mw dn-nIv
Zn\w ]Xn-hp B`m-S
- t- fmsS
BtLm-jn--Xv. Fm sImhpw
Hcp A\p-jvTm-\w-t]mse Ah
dn-nIv Zn\hpw kzmX-{y-Zn\hpw BtLm-jn-p-Ibpw cmPyw
AXn-thKw apt-dn-sm-n-cn-pI-bm-sWv B thf-I-fn AhIm-is
- -Sp-Ibpw sNp-p. cmPyw
ssIh-cn ]ptcm-KX
- n-bpsS hi-_-f-amb Nn{Xw Ah hc-pIm-p-p. adp-h-iv sXcp-hp-Ifn etm-]e
- w hcp \nlm-b-cmb A-am, Ah-cpsS
H-n-cn-p Ipp-v
sImSp-m t]mepw Blm-c-anmsX hne-]n-p ImgvNbpw
\mw ImWp-p. Zi-e---Wn\v Ipn- I Blm- c hpw
acppw InmsX acn- p- p.
]I AkvX- a n- p- t m
\psS cmPyv asmcp AImcw IqSn hp-\n-d-bp--Xmbn
\mw ImWp-p. Atm, Bbn-c-W
- n\v A-amcpw ktlm-Zc
- namcpw IpSpw_w t]mm av
am-sampw ImWmsX kzw
icocw hnevm-\mbn sXcp-hp-I-

fn- t e- b v n- d - p- p. s]hmWn`w `oI-c-amb Hcp {]iv\-ambn


hfn-cn-p-p. Bdpw Ggpw
hb- p- f f s]Ip- p-
t]mepw Cu hn]-Wn-bn-tebvv
hen-s-dnb-s-psIm-n-cnpp.
hnhm-l-ns t]cn s]Ipn-Isf sIWn-bns-Sp-p-
kw`-h
- A\-h[
- n-bm-W.v hymPamb hnhmlw \S- p- I bpw
`m-sh-d
- n-bs
- -Sp-h
- Ahs Imaw ian-p-I-gn-bp-tm
s]-Ip-nsb hnev]\ \S-pIbpw sNp Gm-Sm-W-Xv.
AsXmcp h _nkn- \ - m- b non-cn-p-p. hnhm-l-cm-{Xnbn ]e s]Ip-n-Ifpw B\bn- - s - S p- Xv ]pjv ] - i - v
]Icw ic-i--bn-te-bvm-Wv. `mhv Hcp apgp- p- S n- b t\m
kwkvIm-c-iq-\yt\m BsWv
Xncn--dn-bp `mcy Hp-In
at\m-tcm-Kn-bm-bn-o-cp-p, Asn B-l-Xy-bn A`bw
tXSp-p. kv{Xo[-\-ns t]cnep sIme-]m-X-Iw, Zpc-`n-am-\sm-e, s]{`qW-l-Xy, iniplXy XpS-nb Ip-Ir-Xy-
`oj-W-amw-hn[w hfp-h-cp-p.
s]Ipn-Isf Ah-tl-fn-
Xn--s m- p- t ]m- I _em- kwKw Iq-_e
- mkwKw XpS-nb-hbpw A\p-Zn\w hn-p-h-cpp. Atmn-s, Ch ]d-bp hnI-k\w GXv Zni-bn-emWv
kw`--hn-p-X
- .v Hcp kaqlw kmwkvIm-cn-Ia
- mbn Fp-am{Xw ]ptcmK- a n- n- pv F- X ns AfhvtIm B kaqlw kv{XoI-tfmSv
Fv at\m-`mhw ]pe-p-psh-XmWv Fv ]d-bm-dp-v.
A-s\-sb-n \p-tSXv ]cnjvIr-Xa
- mb Hcp kaq-la
- m-sWv
]d-bm Xs Ign-bptam? CXmWv kwkvIr-Xn-sb-n ]ns
ImSw FmWv? ImS--ns L-n-ep kaq-l-n
t]m-epw Cv ImWp--Xp-t]mep arKo-b-amb sNbvXn-I
Dm-hp-I-bn-. cv hb-p
Ipn- s \bpw Fgp- ] Xv hbp A-sb-bp-sams _em-kwKw sNp--Xp-t]m-ep-ff
sNbvXn-Itfm Iq-_-emkw-Ktfm Hpw Acw kaq-ln Dm-hp-I-bn-. \psS
cmPyv Cv \ne-\np-Xv
`bm-\I
- a
- mb Hcp kml-Nc
- y-am-W.v

aX-ns kao-]\w
kv{XoIs-Xn-cmb Ccw
Ip- I r- X y- fpw A{I- a - fpw
s]cp-In-h
- p-sIm-n-cn-p-tm,
an-X-cmb kv{XoI-fpsS hnem-]fpw tX- e p- I fpw sImv
A-cow \nd-n-cn-p-tm,
A-e--fnepw ]n-I-fnepw av
Bcm-[\
- m-eb
-
- f
- nepw ]qP-Ifpw
{]m\-Ifpw apdbvv \S-psIm- n- c n- p- I - b m- W v . AhnSfnse im-Xbvv bmsXmcp
`wKhpw hcp-n-. ]Xnhv t]mse,
]ptcm-ln-X-mcpw sshZn-Icpw
k- i - - \ mb ssZh- t mSv
{]mn-p-p. ]s, ASn--

a- s - S p kv { XoI- f psS
Iocpw \ne-hn-fnbpsampw Cu
]pWy-m-]\
-
- f
- n-te-bvs-pn-. Cu hnip--m-]-\-fpsS \me-Xn-cp-I-It- bvv
Ah-sbmpw IS-s-p-n-.
ASn- - a - e p- I fpw ]oU- \ fpw sImv kln-sI B
kv{XoI acWw Xv Xsf
cn-t-Wta Fv ba-tZ-ht- \mSv
At]- n- p- I - b m- W v . ]s,
sshZn-I
- mcpw ]ptcm-ln-X
- mcpw
Ahv aX-X-z- D]-tZ-inp-sIm-Sp-p-I-bm-Wv. Ah D]tZ- i n- pp: Hcn- epw ]cmXntbm ]cn-`-htam {]I-Sn-n--cpXv . \n- f psS Fm Zpcn- X pw Ijv S - m- S p- I pw
ImcWw \n-fpsS Zphn[n am{Xam-sWv a\-n-em-p-I. \nfpsS Ah ssZh-I-ev]n-X-amWv. Ctm e`n-n-cn-p-Xv
Xs ssZhn-I-amb A\p-I-bpsS ^e-am-bn-m-Wv. ap P-fn \n sNbvX ]m]-f
- psS
^e- a m- b mWv Cu P- n
\n IjvSX
- I
- A\p-`h
- n-p-Xv. AXn-\m Cu IjvS-m-SpIsf kam- [ m- \ - ] qw kktmjw \ncp-]m-[nIw kzoI-cnm Ign-bW
- w. Fn am{Xta
tamw t\Sm km[n- q.
kv{XoI-tfmSv aX- ]pe-p kao-]\w Fsv \ndn-bmtam? `K-hm i-cm-Nm-cy
Fv hnfn-s
- -Sp-, lnp aXmNm- c y- \ mb i- c m- N m- c yv
kv{XoI \c-I-n-te-bvp
Ihm-S-am-sWv ]d-bm Hcp
Iqkep-ap-m-bn-. {InkvXp-a-Xn BZman- s bpw l- b psSbpw IY-bp-v. Xn-bpsS aqeIm-cWw kv{Xo Fm-WXv ]d-bp-Xv. asm aX-fpw kam-\amb Bi-bK
- X
- n-If
- mWv {]I-Sn-nn-p-X
- .v aX-v kv{XoI-tfmSp ImgvN-m-sS-mWv FmWnXv ImWn-p-X
- v. adp-hi
- v
\mw ]me-sadn m]-\-sfbpw hnip-a
- mb `c-WL
- S- \
- sbbpw ImWp-p.
]me- s adn hyh- nXn
]pcp-j\pw kv{Xopw Xpey-A-hImiw Ddv hcp-p-p-shv
_qjzm P\m- [ n- ] - X y- ns
hm- Ah-Im-i-s-Sp-p.
Fm-hpw \oXn {]Zm-\w-sNm, kv{XoIv \oXn Dd-mm, \oXn-\ymb hyh-b
- pv
F-h ]d-bp-p. cmPy-n\pw
kv{XoIpw kwc- Ww
\Im t]meokpw ]m-f-hp-aps- - h Ah- I m- i - s - S p- p.
]s, \mw ImWp--sX-mWv?
Cu Ah- I m- i - h m- Z - - s fmw
s]m-bm-Wv, {]l-k\
- hpw Cc-m- p- a m- W v , FmWv \mw
ImWp--Xv. Cu _qjzm t\Xm- m- s c- mw, Fm Anepw Xn-p-Imcpw B-h-Icpw Agn-a-Xn-m-cp-am-Wv. Ah
P\-sf hn-m thn kZm
\pW ]d-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p.
FmWv bmYmyw? Ip-I-

I-fp-sS, _lp-cmjv{S Ip-II


- f
- psS, tIm-tdv hn`m-K--fpsS
hmgvN-bm-Wn-hnsS \S-p--Xv.
kv{XoI Ah-cpsS ASn-a-nepw Zmky-nepw InSv \cIn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-p. CXmWv
bmYmyw. _qjzmkn Ah
DZn-p-bp-h
- p-sIm-n-cp B
BZy-Im-e--fn ]ptcm-K-a-\-]-camb kz`mhw {]Zin-n-n-cpp
FXv icn-bm-Wv. ]s, Ame-p-t]mepw kv{XoI-tfmSv Ah
]pen-bn-cp-Xv hnth-N\]camb \ne-]m-Sm-bn-cp-p. _qjzm

P\m-[n-]Xyw P\-p-thn
P\-f- m \S-s- -Sp P\-fpsS B[n-]-Xy-amWv FmWv ]db-s-Sp--Xv. ]s, Ah P\ Fv ]d-bp--Xn kv{XoIsf Ds-Sp-n-bn-. kv{XoIv thm-h-Imiw \ntj-[n-s-n-cp-p. hnZym-`ymkw t]mepw
\ntj-[
- n-s- -n-cp-p. ]mm-Xy-cmPy--fnse kv{Xo-Iv hnZym-`ymkm-h-Im-i-n\pw thm-h-Im-in\pw sXc-s-Sp-n a-cnm\pw sXc-s-Sp--s-Sm-\pap Ah- I m- i - n- \ p- s ams
thn Zim-_vZ--tfmfw t]mcmtSn hp. Fp-sIm-s-m,
Pn--s-p-Sv apX-em-fnhpw Nqj-W-n-t-Xmb Hcp
hyh-n-Xn-bmWv m]n--Xv.
AXp-sImv, _qjzm \thm-m\-n-sbpw ]me-sa-dn- P-\m[n- ] - X y- n- s bpw A{K- K m- a nIv ]pcp-j-ta-[m-hn-Xz-]-c-amb
CSp-nb at\m-L-S-\-bn \nv
kzbw tamNn-n-m km[n-n
Fv a\-n-em-m-hp-t- X-bp-p.

kv{XoI-fpsS ASn-a--n\v
Imc-W-sa-sv hni-Zo-I-cn-m
km[n-Xv amIvkn-k-n-\p-am{Xw
BZna am\-hk
- a
- qlw amXr-{][m-\-am-bn-cp-p-shv _qjzm
]WvUn-X
- mcpw Ncn-{X-Im-c
- mcpw
t\cs Xs Is-n-bn-cpp-sh-Xv icn-bm-Wv. ]s, Fp--sImv kaqlw BZyw amXr{]-[m-\-am-bn-cp-p-sh-pw,
]nm-ev AXv Fp-sImv
Fs\ ]pcp-j-ta-[m-hn-Xz-]-camb Hmbn amdn-sbpw imkv{Xo--ba
- mbn hni-Ie
- \w sNm

Ahv km[n-n-. AXv BZyambn hni-Zo-I-cn-Xv alm-\mb


amIvkpw FwKkp-am-bn-cp-p.
kmaq-ly-hn-Im-ksn ]Tn
_qjzm Ncn-{X-Im-c-m, BZn-ak-aqlw amXr-{]-[m-\a- m-bn-cp-p-sh-Xn\v A\n-tj-[y-amb sXfn-hpI \In. ]s, kmaq-ly-hnIm- k s hni- I - e \w sNm\p Hcp imkv{Xo-b X
-
- z-Nn
BZ-ambn hnI-kn-n-s-Sp-Xv
amIvkpw FwKkp-am-bn-cp-p.
imkv{X-ns Fm {]tXyI
\nb-a
- s
- fbpw GtIm-]n-nv ka\z-bnv kmam-\y-h-cn-p-sImmWv Ah B imkv{Xob
Zi\w cq]-s-Sp-nb-Xv. {]IrXn-sb-Xv t]mse kaq-lhpw
\nb-a
- f
- m `cn-s
- -Sp-p-shv
AXn- e qsS Ah Is- n.
Zzzm-I `uXn-Ih
- mZw {]tbm-Kn hcp- n- s mv Ah
Nqn-mn : Dm-Z\
- i
-
- n-Ifpw
Dm-Z-\-_--fpw Dsmp Dm-Z-\-hy-h--bmWv
GsXmcp kaq-l
- n-sbpw ASn-d. B ASn--d-bn-t D]cn-L-S\ \ne-\np-p. XzNn-, {]Xy-b-im-kv{Xw, cmjv{Sobw, kwkv I m- c w, [mn- I - X ,
IpSpw-_P
- o-hn-Xw, cmjv{So-b- k
- m-aqly- m- ] - \ - XpS- n- b - h sbmw Dsm-p-X
- mWv D]cn-L-S-\. Hcp \nn-X-k-a-bv
\nnX ASn- - d - b p- s S- t a
\nnX D]-cn-L-S\ \ne-hn
hcp- p. B D]- c n- L - S \ B
{]tXyI ASn-d
- b
- psS Xmev]c
- yn\v A\p-tcm-[a
- mbn hn-pp. h-hn-`-Pn-X-amb kaq-ln B[n-]-Xyw- ]p-ep
`c-W-h-amWv D]-cn-L-S-\sb
\nb- { n- p- I . ]pcp- j \pw
kv{Xobpw Xn-ep hn`-P-\hpw
kv { XobpsS ta ]pcp- j s
B[n-]-Xyhpw ssZh-I-ev]n-X-amsW-pw, AXn-\m- AXv Fmehpw am-an-msX \ne-\npsapw aX-{]-`m-j-I ]d-bp-p.
_qjzm {]Xy-im-k{v X-Im-c
- mcpw
hf-p-sIn ]d-bp-X
- ,v am\-kn-Imzm- \ hpw Imbn- I m- zm- \ hpw
Xn hn`-P\-ap--Xp-t]mse
kv{Xobpw ]pcp-j\pw Xnepw
hn`-P\-ap-s-pw, B hn`-P\w
Fspw \ne-\np-sa-p-amWv. t\sc adnv amIvknkw
(tijw t]Pn 10)

bqWnn

amv 2013

amv 5

amv 14

men A\p-kva-c-W-Zn\w amIvkv A\p-kva-c-W-Zn\w


hyXykvX A`n-{]mbw ]pep
kJm-s
- f-sbmw ]pd-
- p-Is
- b \btmSv Rm i-ambn hntbm-Pn-p-p.
Rm B \bs FXnp-Xv hna-Xm-tcmSv kl-Xm-]a
- p-m-bn-
- , adnv Ac-samcp \bw ]mn-p-n `oj-Wn-bpsSbpw ASn-a
- en-t-Xp-amb Hcp kmlNcyw krjvSnpw F-Xp-sIm-m-W.v AXv

kzbw-hn-ai-\
- n-\pw apssI {]h\-n-\pap Dmls sISp-pw.
]mnt\Xm- _lp-am-\nsSp-X
- n\v
]Icw `b--s-Sp kml-Ncyw Hcnepw \-X-. -men
b{kwhn- [ m- \ fn F{Xsbms sa-s-Sp-epI hcpn-bmepw, Dm-Z-\-cw-Kv imkv{X-ns
{]tbmKw F{X-sbms \S-n hcp-nbm-epw, hmm-hn-\n-ab kwhn-[m-\
- n

F{X-sbms sa-s-Sp-e
- p-If
- p-m-bmepw, ]pXnb tImf-\n-I m]n-m-epw,
IpSn-tb---fp-m-bm-epw, Itm-f-
Xpd-s-Sp-m-epw, kzX-{-hym-]mcw \Sn-em-n-bm-epw, CsXmw Hnv \S-n
hcpnbm-epw, Azm-\n-p _lp-P-\-fpsS Zpcn-Xs CsXmpw Cm-Xm-pI-bn-. adn-v, Cs I]-S-amb ASn-db
- n-t, Azm-\
- ns Dm-Z\
- t- ijn-bn hcp Hmtcm ]pXnb hfbpw

A\n-hm-cy-ambpw kmaq-ly-ssh-cp-y-fpsS Bgw hn-n-p-Ibpw kmaq-ly-amb


{]Xn-tbm-Kn-Xb
- n-tebvv hncNq-p-Ib
- pamWv sNp-X
- v...-AX
- n-\m, cmjv{So-bm-[nImcw ]nSn-s-Sp-pI FXv Azm-\n-p P\--fpsS al-mb D-c-hm-Zn-ambn amdn-bn-cn-pp. - Imd amIvkv

t\mfnse IyqWnv ]mnbpsS (amthm-bnv )


7mw tIm{Kn kJmhv AknXv `mNmcy
t\mfnP\XbpsS sFXnlmknI t]mcmn\v A`nhmZyfpw sFIyZmVyhpw

t\m Iyq-Wnv ]mn(am-thm-bn-v) ]mn tIm{Kv thZn-bn


kJmhv Akn-Xv`-m-Nmcy

{]uVamb Cu ktf\- n- s
Ay\pw bqWnss^Uv Iyq-Wnv
]mn Hm^v t\m (amthmbnv) s
sNbam\pamb kJmhv ]pjv]Ipam
Zl-({]-N-WvU), _lp---am\s t\m
{][m\-a{n kJmhv _m_pdmw `dmbv,
_lpam\s sU]yqn {][m\-a{n kJm-hv \mcmb-Pn IPn {ioXm {]Imiv,
t\mfnse Azm- \ n- p Pohn- p-
P\sf,
\nfpsS]mnbpsS 7mw tIm--{Kns s]mXp-ktf-\n tkmjy-env bqWnn sk Hm^v Cy (Iyq--Wnv)-sb {]Xn\n[o-IcnmWv Rm ]sSppXv. s]mXp-hn km{amPyXz-nsbpw, hn-ti-jnv AbcmPy-tfmSv hnIk\tamlw hp ]pe-p km{amPyXz
at\m`mh-amn Cy apXemfnnsbpw, ]npW-tbmsS t\m `cn
tkzm[n]Xy-cmP-hmgvNsb \new]Xnn
t\mfn P\XbpsS iamb hnhtmcmn\v t\XrXzw \Inb \nfpsS
]mnv Cybnse-bpw temIsamSpap P\fp- s S a\n henb
m\amWp-Xv. km{amPyXz-in-I,
hntijnv Atacn km{amPy- X zw
ta[mhnXzw sNepp, ]nncnw
ISp hn\miw hcpn-hp-sImncnp XnIpw {]XnIqeamb Hcp km-tZiob kmlNcyn h hnPbw
ssIhcn [occmb t\m-fn P\X-sbbpw
Ahv [ocamb t\XrXzw \Inb
bqWn--ss^-Uv- IyqWnv ]mn Hm^v
t\m (amthmbnv ) ]mnsb- b pw
FkvbpknsF(kn) bpsS t]-cn- R
A`nhmZyw sNp-p. ]nncn-n\v
BtKmf-XenXs I\ {]lcamWv \nfpsS kmbp[amb P\m-[n]Xy
{]tm`w Gn--Xv.
kmtZiob IyqWnv {]m\n\v Fsms Xncn-SnI Dmbnpsnepw AsXm-s XmXvmenIw
am{XamsWv \nsf-tmse Rfpw
a\nempp. Hpw sshIm-sX km-

tZiob IyqWnv {]m\w


Cu {]Xn_sf adn-IS-pI
X-s sNpw. imk-v{X-fpsS
imkv{X--amb, Cu
ImeLnse
Ghpw B[p\nIamb, APamb XXz- N nbmb am-Ik
v n--kw
se\n-\nk-ns
aptw
XSbm Bpamhn. alm\m-b
amIvknv Zm-

i\n-I\pw t\Xm-hpw Kpcp\m-Y\p-amb


kJm-hv mens \ncymWs-pSv
h-hI\mb {Iqjvt- Nhn-sbpw IqmfnIfpsSbpw t\XrXzn Actdnb
B[p\nI Xncp hmZamWv Cu XncnSn-I-smw ImcWw Fv, Cu bpKw
Zin kapX am-Ivknv NnIcnsemcmfpw Fkvbp-knsF (kn) bpsS m]I- P \d- s k{I- dn- b p- a mb kJmhv
in_vZmkv tLmjn-s injy-cmb R
a\nem-pp. tkmhnbv bq-Wnb\nse
sXmgnemfn h- n- s hnh- t \XrXzamb kn]nFkvbphn {Ita- W
]nSnapdpnb Cu B[p\nI Xn-cp-
hm-Zw, ]cm-Pn-Xamb apXemfn in-Isfbpw t{Smkv I n- s sbp Nnm- K Xnmscbpsams kamlcnv, temI apXemfn km{amPyXz in-IfpsS HmitbmsS BXynIambn tkmhnbv bqWnb\n {]Xnhnhw kwL-Snn-pIbmbncpp. IyqWnv {]m-\
- n\pn
\pgp-Ibdp apXem-fn- {]Xyb-imkv{X-amWv Xncp hmZw. A-t- Ziob
IyqWn-p-{]m\n hfsc-apt,
ssh-cp-ym-INnm-{]{Inb-bpsS m\v bm{nI Nnm-{]-{Inb -ISpIqSn.
X^eambn, Iyq-Wnv ]mnIfn
t\Xmfpw AWnIfpw X-nepw, hnhn[
IyWnv ]mnI X-n--epw \St
sshcpymIamb B-ibhn\nabw
\nept]mbn. hn\mi-Ic-amb B[p\nIXncp---hmZw ]nSnapdp-nbXn\p ]nn
CXpw henb ]p- h ln- n- pv . CXv
tkmhnbv bqWn-b\n am-{Xambn HXpn\nn. {ItaW ]q-bqtdm]y tkmjyenv cmPyfn- t ebv- pw ssN\bntebvpw hnbv\man-te--bvp--sams
hym]np. B[p-\nI Xncp hmZ--ns {]h-\-^eambn AhnsS-sbm--sbpw tkmjy-enkw Anadn-sp.-AXpsImpw Ahkm-\n-n. temI-sa-m-Spap hnh- s Xmgn- e mfn- h aptfnepw AXv kzm[o\w sNep-p-I-bpw
AXn-ssbms B-th-ihpw \n-b-Zm-

Vyhpw sISp-n--fbpIbpw sNbvXp.


temIsasmSpap sXmgn-emfn h
- apt-sf in-sSpm\pw a\pjy
a\pjy-s\ NqjWw sNp-Xn\-dpXnhcpn, alm\mb Im- a m- I vkv
hn`mh\sNbvXt]mse IyqWn-kns
BZyLamb imkv{Xo-b-tkmjyenp
hyh- - - bntev {]thin- phm\pw
A\nhmcyambn sNt-Xv km-t- Ziob
Iyq-Wnv {]m-\s B[p-\n-I
Xncp--hmZn-s Zpjn kzm[o\n-\nv apampI FXmsW-v
R Ddp hnizknpp. Cv
temIs bYm Iyq-Wn-p-IfpsS
apnep ASnbc Ihyw CXmWv.
kmtZiob IyqWnv {]m\n Xncp hmZ-ns AhtijnpI t]mep--anmsX AXns\ apamp-Ibpw IyqWnv t_m-[\
- ne-hmc-s
Hcp ]pXnb Xente-bvpb-pIbpw
sNW-sa-n AtZiob IyqWn-v
{]m\-n\pn \n`bhpw kncln--X-hpamb Hcp {]Xyb-imkv{Xkacw
sI-gnp hnSWw. CXneqsS am{Xta sFXnlm-kn-I-hpw al\obhp-amb Cu Ihyw \ndthm\mIq. kJm-hv in_vZmkvtLm-jv Ayizm-kwhsc AXoh {]m[m\y-tm-sS Hmnnncp Imcyw, Cv
IyqWnpI hyn- X m]cy- s
kmaqlyXm]cyhpambn XmZmXvay-sSpm\p kacw GsSpWw FXmbncpp. temI sXmgnemfn hapt-v Atbw XSw krjvSnp
hjf apXem-fn- kwkvImcamb apXem-fn hynhmZ-n\nv tamN\w
t\- S m- \ p Htcsbmcp amw CXpam{XamsWv Atlw tem- I samSpapbYm Iyq-WnpIsf Hmnnp. \-p-sS hnh aptfpsS ImXembn hntXv CXm-Wv.
Cu Ihyw a\n kqn-p-sImv, AtZiob IyqWnv {]m\s ]p\cp-ohnnsSppXn\p apn-- e p ZznapJamb ISaI NqnmWns.
1. Atacn- k m{amPyXz- ns
ISm{I-aW-sfbpw hnhn[cmPyfpsS
B`yc Imcyfnep AXns \amb ssIISepIsfbpw iam-bn sNdppI.
2. temIsamSpap bYm- IyqWnp-ImcpsS ]ckv]c _hpw GtIm]n-Xamb {]h-\-hpw insSppI.
km{amPyXzns\Xnsc, hnti-jnv
Atacn km{amPy- X zns\Xnsc
temIsam-Spap- kzmX{y-ImwnIfpw
kam-[m\{]nbcpamb P\sf AWn-\ncpI-bpw Hmtcm cmPy-s-bpw- bYm
IyqWnp-I AXns AI-m-mbn
hn-pIbpw sNbvXpsImv i-hpw

hodpXpamb km{amPyXz-hncp kam[m\


{]m\w sInSppsImpam{Xta
km{amPyXz ISm{I-aWv XSbnSm\mIq Fv R Ddp-hniz-knpp.
AtXm-sSmw- Xs hnhn[ IyqWnv
]m- nI Xn {]kamb hnjbsf kw_-nv \nc-camb Bibhn\nabhpw Bib-kac-hpw insSpnsb-SpWw. icnbmb sshcp-ym--[n-jT
v nX {]{Inb ]npS-p-sImv Ccw
kwhmZ \SpIbmsWn kmtZio-b-Xen IyqWn-pImcpsS
Dd- sFIyw cq]sp-hcpsa-pdmWv.
Cu-\nm-bI aplq---n- Ccsamcp X{]camb \ow \Sp--Xn
\nfpsS ]mnpw R-pw \nmbIamb ]p-hlnphm Ign-bpsapw
R Bm-ambn hniz-kn-pp,
\n Hbvv, AW-t_m[-tmsS, hnPbIcambn \Snb sFXn-lmknI t]mcm-n\v, HcnIqSn R
BZchpI An-pIbmWv. CXphgn
temIsamSpap sXmgnemfn-hhnhapt-v \n Icppw Bhnizm-khpw ]Ip \Inbncn-pI-bmWv. hnhw A\nhmcyam-sWpw amIvknkw se\n\n-kw AP-amsW-pw
AXv ASn-hc-bnSpp. \nfpsS kacm\p`h-- fn\nv Rpw ]eXpw
]Tnm-\mbn . Xobm-bpw RXv
henb t\am-bn. amIvkv, GwKkv, se\n- , men, amthm FnhcpsS
]mTfpsS ASnm\nep Hcp
tkmjy-env kaqlw m-]n-pI F
\nfpsS Ana eynte-p
apt-n, a\pjy a\pjys\ NqjWwsNpXn\v Ay-hncma--anSm\p
\nfpsS {]bmWn apss-sbpw-t]mseXs Dd ]npWbpw klIc-Whpw RfpsS `mK-p-\nv DmIpsav R Ddp Xcpp. CymKhsa v t\mfns B`y-c Imcyfn-- CSs]SpXn\nv XSbnSm
Ignbpwhn[w iamb {]tm-`
RfpsS cmPyv sInSpm R
{ianpw. Cy-bn-se kzmX{y-t{]anIfmb P\sfmSw R-tfm--sSmw
AWn\ncpw Fv R Ddp-hnizkn-pp. \nfpsS sFXnlmknIamb
]mn tIm- { Kn\v FmhnPbhpw
Biwknpp. t\mfnse hnhImcnIfmb P\Xbvv hnh{]Wma
Anpp.
Cznem_v knm_mZv
amIvknkw se\n\nkw \nWm
hmgs
sXmgnemfnh kmtZiobX
\oWm hmgs
t\mfnsebpw Cybnsebpw P\
Xnep sFIyw \oWm hmgs

bqWnn

s]t{Sm--Uo-k hne
hopw hn-n \S-]-Snsb
Fkv.-bp.-kn.-sF(-kn) A]-e-]n-p-p.
\S-]Sn dp-sN-p-hm kpi--amb kacw
sIn--Sp-m P\--tfmS`yn-p-p.
F I-\n-Iv s]t{Sm--Uo-k hne \n-bn-p-hm-\mbn ]pXp-Xmbn e`n
kzmX{yw D]-tbm-K-s-Sp-n-smv s]t{Sm--Uo-k hne hopw Iqnb \S-]Snsb i-ambn A]-e-]n-p-sImv Fkv.-bp.-kn.-sF(-kn) P\-d sk{I-dn kJmhv
{]hmjv tLmjv Hcp {]kvXm-h-\-bn-eqsS C{]-Imcw ]d-p.
\nc-cw hnp hne-b
-
- ns `mcw-Xm-t-n-hc
- p km[m-cW
-
- m-cs
Xm-cy-sf ]mtS Ah-K-Wn-psImv tIm{Kv t\XrXzw \Ip bp.-]n.F
km, Fs-n-ep-sams \ymbo-I-c-W- \ncn s]t{Sm-fn-sbpw Uok-ensbpw Zn\w-{]Xn hn-n-p-I-bm-Wv. \jvS-ns IW-p-I \nc-p-Xv FbpsS hne-\n-b{- Ww kq-ambn \ow-sN-p-Is
- b eywhp-sIm-mWv. Hcn ]q-tXm-Xn hne-\n-b-{Ww \ow sNbvXm cmPys ]mh-s km[mcW P\-sf AXv ]nn-o-pw.-kJ
- mhv {]hmjv tLmjv ]d-p. _P-n {]Xy
\nIp-Xn-bpsS m_n t\cnb hhcp-n-sb BIjWobX hcpn. Fm
C\ hne-\n-b{- Ww FSp-p-If
-
p-sIm-p lo\-]
- Xnbpambn apt-dp-Ib
- mWv. C-\-n-\p-]p-d-p ]tcm--\n-IpXn hn-n-p-sImv Ah-iy-\n-tXym-]tbmK km[-\
- f
- psS \nc-c
- a
- mb hne-h-hn\v If-sam-cp-n-bn-cn-p-Ib
- mWv km.
A[n-Im-c-n-en-cn-p Ip-II-fpsS lo\-amb h-Xmcyw kwc-n-phm\pw
apX-em-fn--ns Bbpv ZoLn-n-p-hm\pw km[m-c-W-P-\--fpsS ta \c-I-Xpey-am-sbmcp PohnXw ASn-tn-p-I-bm-Wv. kJmhv {]hmjv tLmjv ]d-p.
Xmtg-e
- w-ap-X P\-Iob In-n-Iv cq]w-sIm-Sp-p-sImv cmPy-hym-]I
- a
- mbn
P\--fpsS i-amb sNdp-p-\nv ASn-b-n-c-ambn hfn-sb-Sp-m P\-tfmSv kJmhv tLmjv A`yn-p. AXn\v Ime-hn-fw_w hcp-n-bm Cu lo\-amb
B{I-aWw hopw hn-pIbpw IqSp-X cq-Xt- bmsS P\-Po-hn-Xs Ii-n-sbdn-bp-Ibpw sNpsav Atlw P\-sf Hmn-n-p.

amv 2013

km[mcWmsc t{ZmlncpXvv
s]mmfn kwcW kac kanXn
]mbn\v hcpam\w IspXns t]cn ]WnsbSpp Pohnp km[mcW P\sf t{Zmlnp
\ne]mSv FSpcpsXv AUz. Kmkv]
Ifp {]kvXmhnp. s]mm-fn
kwcW kac kanXn Ncm
Ds-sSbpff s]mXpPemib Fgp]p ]mbv teew sNbvXv sImSpcpsX- mh- i y- s p- s Imv kanXn
\Ip `oalPnbntepff HptiJcWw \oIc Ihebn DZvLmS\w
sNbvXpsImv kwkmcnpIbmbncpp
Atlw. s]mmfn s\hbepI \apv ss]XrIambn e`n kzmWv .
\apv apt] ISpt]mb XeapdI
\qmpIfneqsSbpff ITn\m[zm\neqsS {]IrXnsb sacpnsbSpv
cq]sSpnbXmWv s]mmfn s\hbepI. GXm\pw hynIfpsS kzmtamlpthn AXv _enbnpIqSm. Hcp s\pw Hcp ao\pw FXv

kmcn-s am{Xa {]IrXnbptSbpw


IqSn \nbaamWv. AXv ewLnphm
Btcbpw A\phZnpIqSm. apXv
shffnmin\pthn P\fpsS
kzmb s]mXpPemib hn-cpXv. P\fpsS ta-amWv ]mbns
eysan aysm-gnemfnItfbpw
IjItcbpw sXmgn clnXcm-nsmv s]mXpPemib teew sNcpXv.
kaql-ns Cu \ymbamb Bhiyw
`cWm-[nImcnI AwKoIcnnsn
AXn--i-amb kacw t\cntSn hcpsav Atlw ]mb-n\v apdnbnpw
\In.
s]mmfn kwcW kac kanXn
Iho\ {^mknkv Ifp A[y-X hln tbmKn Fw.Pn.{ioIpam
Iv , s_n, hn{Ia, sI.B.tXmakv, hokpIpn app]dn,
ssan, am\ph, ]pjv], {]Xm]
XpSnbh kwkmcnp.

sslZ-cm-_mZv t_mw_v kvt^mS-\sn


Fkv.-bp.-kn.-sF(-kn) P\-d sk{I-dn kJmhv {]hmjv tLmjv s^{_p-hcn 22-\v
Xmsg--d-bp {]kvXm-h\ ]pd-s-Sp-hn-p.
]Xn-\mdp hne-s Poh-\p-I A]-l-cn-pIbpw Kpcp-X-c-ambn apdn-thv \nc-h[n-t] ac-Wt- mSv a-Sn-psIm-n-cn-p-Ibpw sNp sslZ-cm-_m-Znse Cc t_mw_v
kvt^mS-\-sa `ocpXzw \nd \S-]-Snsb R in-bmbn A]-e-]n-p-p.
epw-e-Km-\p-an-m Ccw A{I-a-fpw, \nc-]-cm-[n-Ifpw \ncm-bp-[-cp-amb P\sf sIme-s-Sp-p- e-iq-\y-amb \S-]-Snbpw IjvS-s-Sp km[m-c-W-m-cmb
P\-n-Sb
- n hnepw Ass\-Iyhpw krjvSn-phm\pw XZzmc hrn-sI thmp_mv cmjv{So-bs tkhn-m\pw am{Xta DX-Iq. hn-p-h-cp Nqj-W-n\pw
A\o-Xnpw ASn-a
- -en-\p-sa-Xnsc P\-f
- psS tbmPn kacw hfp-hc
- p-X
- n\v
AXv hnLmXw krjvSn-pw.
`oI-c-{]-h-\s i-ambn t\cnSpw, \nb-{-W-hn-t[-b-ampw Fn-s\
\mgn-Ibvv \mev]-Xp-hw hon-f-p _qjzm km, P\--fpsS Poh\pw
kzn\pw kwc-Ww \Ip-I-sb Hcp ]uc-t\m-Sp Ghpw {]mY-anI D-c-hmZn-wt]mepw \n-ln-p-X
- n Zb-\o-ba
- mbn ]cm-Pb
- s
- -n-cn-p-pshv Cu kw`hw
Hcn-qSn shfn-hm-n-bn-cn-p-Ib
- m-Wv. h-_l
- p-P\ ka-c
- sf \n-ba
- mbn ASn-ap--Xn Hcp ]nghpw hcp-m, Ghpw B[p-\n-I- C-en-Pkv kwhn-[m-\-fp, ASn-apSn Bbp-[-a-Wn, Cy-bnse a\ hyh epw-e-Km-\p-an-m
sIme-]m-XI
- fpw km[m-cW-m-cpsS \mi-n-\n-Sb
- m-p- `oI-cI
- r-Xy-fpw XS-bp- Imcy-n kq-ambpw ]cm-P-b-s-n-cn-p-I-bm-Wv. `oI-c-X-bvs-Xnsc bpw
{]Jym-]nncn-pI-bm-sW-p-ff hon-f
- epw- cmPys P\-v kpc-bpw kam[m-\hpw {]Zm-\w-sN-p-sav `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-I IqsS-qsS \Ip Dd-p-samw
shdpw Im]Syw am{X-am-Wv.
`oI-ch
- m-Zn-s\-Xn-sc-bp k-m-cns I]-S{- ]-IS- \
- pw h-\b
-
v psa-Xnsc
i_vZ-ap-bm\pw P\--fpsS Poh\pw kzn\pw kwc-Ww \Ip-hm Bh-iyamb \S-]S- n-I kzoI-cn-p-hm km-cns\ \n_-n-Xa
- m-phm\pw cmPys apgph P\--tfmSpw R A`yn-p-p.

IjI ISm-izmk ^v Xnv \S-n-bhs-Xnsc Ii\ \S-]SnsbSp-pI


IjI {]Xn-tcm[ kanXn

IjI B-l-Xyv ]cn-lm-c-ambn tI{ km sImp-h ISm-izmk


]-Xn-bn tImSn--W-n\v cq] Xnp \S-nb hyn-Ipw m]-\-psa-Xnsc Ii-\-amb inm-\-S-]-Sn-I ssIsm--W-sav hb-\mSv Pnm IjI
{]Xn-tcm[ kanXn {]kn-U v tUm. Un. kptc-{-\m-Yv, sk{I-dn hn.-sI. kZm-\-
Fn-h Bh-iy-s-p. Cu hXn-p- aqew Al-cmb Ij-Iv e`n-msX
t]mb B\p-Iq-ey \Ip-hm\pw {Ia-t-SneqsS ^v Xn-sb-Sp--h-cn
\npw AXv Xncn-p-]n-Sn-phm\pw km Xm-dm-I-W-sapw Ah Bh-iy-sp.
sNdp-In-S--\m-a-am{X Ij-Iv e`n-t-p tImSn--W-n\v cq]bmWv Nne
_mvamt\-Pam Ds-sS-bp dmv Xncn-adn \Sn CjvS-mv adnv sImSpXv. kn.-F.-Pn. dntmn\v ap]v Xs Cu {I-a-t-Sp-Isfn IjI kwL-S-\I Bt]w Dbn-s-nepw AXv sNhn-sm-m _-s--h Av Xm-dmbn-cp-n-. AXp-sImv, kwm-\-n\v e`y-amb ^v t]mepw D]m-[n-Ifpw Xnp-Ifpw aqew hnX-cWw sNmsX Bbn-c
- W
-
- n\v Alcmb Ij-I Ctmgpw
IS-s-W-nbn Ipcp-n-nS-p-Ibpw P]vXntee `oj-Wn-I t\cn-p-sImncnpIbp-amWv IjI {]Xn-tcm[ kanXn t\Xm- Nqn-m-n.

Hp-ti-Jc- W
- ]
- c- n-]m-Sn-bpsS DZvLm-S\w AUz.-Km-kv] If-p- \n-ln-pp

s]mmfn:

s]mXpPem-ib
-
- teew
sN-cp-Xv.
s]mmfn kwc-W ka-c-k-an-Xn.
Fgp-]psN-m\w ]m-b-p-IfpsS AXnn-bn-ep s]mXpPem-ib
- -fmb N-c-m Cc--tm-Sv,-]-cp-ntmSv Fnh kzImcy hyn-Iv
teew sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-p \S-]-Sn-bn
\npw ]m-bv ]nn-cn-b-W-sav
s]mmfn kwc-W ka-ck
- a
- nXn Bhiy-s-p. Cu tXmSn-t\mSv tNp
Bbn-c
- n-tesd Ghcp s]mmfn
\n-e- hjw-ap-gp-h-\p-ap Hmcp-Pe
sNoIr-jn-mbn D].-tbm-Kn-p-h-cp-Ibm-Wv. \qdp-I-W-n\v ay-sm-gn-emfnIv Ah-kcw \jvS-s-Sp-n-smmWv cv Intem-ao- \of-ap Pemibw kzImcy hyn-I tee-n ]nSnp-X
- v.
s]mmfn]mS-fpw ]mS-h-c-p
Pohn-p--h-scbpw kwc-n-m apgph kab sNo Irjn \ntcm-[n-psImv Hcp s\v Hcp-ao k{-Zmbw
]p\xm]n-p--Xn-\mbn \mfp-I-fmbn
\S-p-hc
- p P\-Iob ka-cs
- -p-Sv
Pnm If-ISv ]n.thWp-tKm-]m {]tZiw
kinp-Ibpw {]mtbm-Kn-I-amb \nch[n \S- ] - S n- { I- a - A[n- I r- X v
\nt-in-p-Ib
- pw sNbvXn-cp-p. IqSmsX
cmk-h-f--fpsStbm IoS-\m-in-\n-I-fpsStbm D]-tbmKanmsX ssPh-co-Xn-bn
Dm- Z n- n- p s]mmfn s\pw,
s]mmfn]m-S
- fpw ss]XrI kzmbn
kwc-n-W
- s
- av km \ntbm-Kn
hnZKv[ kanXn ip]mi sNbvXn-cn-pI-bp-am-Wv. \qdp-IW
-
- n\v ay-sXm-gn-emfn-Iv D]-Po-h-\-am-sa \ne-bn

hn- p s]mXp- P - e m- i - b -
kzImcy hy-nIv teew-sNbvXp
\Ip--Xn-eqsS {]kvXpX IpSpw-_-fpsS hcp-am\ t{kmXkv Cm-Xm--sSpw. ]m-b-p-Iv hcp-am\w e`npp F t]cn-emWv s]mXp-P-em-ib- teew-sN-p--Xv. Fm antmgpw ]m- b - - [ n- I r- X cpw Nm
tIm{Sm-IvSamcpw HpIfn-p--Xpaqew \ma-am-{X-am-b- Xp-I-bmWv ]m-bn\v hcp-am-\-ambn e`n-p--Xv. IjIpw Ij-I-sm-gn-em-fn-Ipw
ay- s m- g n- e m- f n- I pw `ojWn
Dbp Cu \ne-]mSv ]m-bv
ASn- b - n- c - a mbn Xncp- n- b n- s - n
i-amb {]tm-`Ww t\cn-tSnhcpsav tbmKw ap-dn-bnv \In. km
\b-n\pw kao-]-\-n\pw FXn-cmbn
s]mXp- t XmSv kzImcy hyn- I v
\Ip k{-Zm-b-n\nv ]mbv ]nm-dn-smv ]mS-ti-Jc
-
- f
- psS
kwc--W-n-\mbn N-c-m _v
\nn-p-hm-\p \S-]-Sn-I kzoI-cn-Ws
- apw s]mmfn kwc-W kanXn-tbmKw Bh-iy-s-p. kanXn P\-d
Iho- \ {^mknkv If- p-
Ay-X hln-p. AUz. tlmankv
Xc-I, AUz. Kmkv], -F.-sI.-i-inIp-am, Fw.-Pn.-{io-Ip-am I-v, kn.-lcn-lc
- ,- hKo-kI
v p-n, ]n.-Fk
- .v s
- sa-n,
sI.-F.-s_-n, sI.-{]-Xm-], _nt\mPv
tPm, ]n.-sI.-km-_p, sI.-B.-tPm-Wn,
XpS-n-b-h {]kw-Kn-p.

bqWnn

amv 2013

A-F-bvUUv kn-_n-F-kvC Aym-]-I-cpsS


hb-\mSv Pnm Ihj
sXm

gn NqjWw Ah-km\n-n-m-\mbn A-F-bvUUv


kn--_n-F-kvC Aym-]-I ]Spp-bp {]tm`w kwm-- \ - s a- mSpw in- b mnpp. Pn-I-fn hn]p-e-amb Aym-]I Ihj-\p-I
kw-LS- n-n-p-sImv A-Fb
- U
-v Uv kn-_n-Fk
- C
v Aym-]I
- cpsS
G-I kwL-S\
- b
- mb tIcfm AF-bvUUv B v ss{]hv o-tgvkv HmK-ss\-tk-j (sI-bp.--]n-n-H) i-amb Aym]I-k-ac-- -n\v ASn-d- s
- bm-cp-p-Ib
- m-W.v
hnP-b-I-c-amb Iq Pnm
Ihj-\p-tijw 2013 s^{_phcn 9\v hb- \ mSv Pnm
Ihj I an\n Su
lmfn \S- p. Pnm Ihj\p aptm-Sn-bmbn am\-hm-- S n, I- , kpm
_tcn Fn-hn-S--fn taJem Ihj-\p-Ifpw Aym-]I-cpsS apssI-bn Pn-sbmSpw hym]-Ia
- mb {]Nm-cWhpw
\S-ncp-p. an\n Su lmfn
\nd Aym-]I ]m-fn-tmsS \S Ihj sI.-

bp-.]n.-n.H kwm\ {]kn-Uv


Pbvk tPmk^v DLm-S\w
sNbvXp. A-F-bvUUv kn-_nF-kvC Aym-]-Iv km
kvIqfpIfnse i- f - L - S \
\Im\pw sXmgn-e-h-Im-i-
kwc-n-m\pw km DS-\Sn
\nbaw
\nn- - W - s av
Atlw DLm-S\
- {- ]-kw-K
- n
Bh- i y- s - p. ssltm- S Xn
hn[n i-f-sa-nepw \I-Wsavv t\cnv Bh-iy- Aym]-Isc DS tPmen-bn \np
]ncn-p-hn-Sp-Ib
- mWv amt\-Pp-sapI sNbvX- X v. kwL- S \m
{]h\w Hcp-Xc
-
- nepw A\ph- Z n- n F amt\- P p- s a v
[nm-cs P\m-[n-]X
- y-km
Hcp Imc-W-h-imepw A\p-h-Znm ]mSn-. Cu kml-N-cyn\v amw sImph-cm iamb Aym-]-I-{]-tm-`-n\v
am{Xta Ignbq Fpw Atlw
A`n-{]m-b-s-p.
sI.-bp-.]n.-n.H kwm\
sshkv {]kn- U v Fw.- j mPJm apJy-{]-`m-jWw \S-n.
Pnm {]kn-Uv kPojv amXyp

sI.-F-kv.-B.-Sn.-knsb ]nIv bqn-enn


kokv Bbn \ne-\npI
(Hmw t]Pn \nv XpS)

ssIsm-m--Xn\v aXn-bmb
hni-Zo-I-cWw \Im k-mcn\v CXp-h-scbpw Ign-n-n-.
as-tm ey-anv km \op-Ib
- m-sWv P\- kwi-bnp-Xv Cu kml-Nc
- y-n-em-W.v
sI.Fkv . - B .- S n.knbpsS
{]Xn-k-n- ]pXnb H-. P\s- X n- s ctbm Poh- \ ms-Xn-sctbm \S-]-Sn-I
ssIsm-p-X
- n\mbn Ah-Xc
- nn- - s - S m- d p Cu {]XnknbpsS bYm- nXn
sI.- F - k v . - B .- S n.- k n- b psSbpw
km-cn-sbpw D-X--fn-en-cnp--h hni-Zo-I-cn-p kz`mh-n-ep H-. Uok-ens
hne krjvSn-n-p h-am\
{]Xn-k-np appXs Zim_vZ
- f
- mbn XpS-cp Agn-aX
- nbpw
]nSn-p-tISpw amt\-Pp-sa v Xense Imcy--a-X-bn-m-bvabpw
amt\- P p- s a ns kp- N nX
Xm-cy-fpw sI.-Fk
- v.B
- .-Sn.kn-sb XI-bn-tev sImpt]m-hp-Ib
- m-bn-cp-p. Kpcp-Xc
- k
- z-`mh-n-ep Cu {]iv\- ]cnl- c n- m Hcp sNdp- \ - S - ] - S nt]mepw ssIsm-m Xm-dmIm a{n-bmWv sI.Fkv.B
- .Sn.knbpsS Bk acWw {]hNnp-X
- .v Uok-ens hne-h\hv \ne-\nns\ _m[n-p
Hcp {{]iv\ambn cq]-s-Sm ImcWw, A[n-Im-cn-If
- psS sNbvXn-I
ImcWw sI.- F - k v . - B .- S n.- k n
AXn-\p-apv Xs XI-cp-Ib
- m-bncpp F-Xm-Wv.
sI.-F-kv.-B.-Sn.knsb
km Unmp-samn ]cnh-\-s-Spn \ne-\npI
F-XmWv tIc-f-nse P\-fpsS Xmcyw kwc-n-m\p Ghpw ^e- h - mb
amw. B-tcm-Ky-hn-Zym-`ymk ta-

JeI t]mse, em`\jvS ]cnK- W - \ - b n- msX B[p- \ n- I - I mev km {]hn-t


cwK-amWv KXm-KX
- h
- pw. AXm-bXv
s]mXp-P\
- m-tcmKy s]mXp-hn-Zym`ymk kwhn-[m\w t]mse s]mXpK-Xm-KX Unmp-sapw Dm-tI-Xpv. sI.-F-kv.-B.Sn.kn
Bbn \ne-\np-tm t]mepw
km JP-\m-hn \nv _Pn- e q- s Sbpw Am- s Xbpw Cu
m]-\s kwc-n-p-hm
{]Xn- h jw henb XpI- I
sNe-hg
- n-p-sIm-n-cnpIbm-Wv.
C{]-Imcw km JP-\m-hn
\nv XpI A\p-h-Zn--tmgpw
sI.-F-kv.-B.Sn.knbpsS
[\hn\n-tbmK \n-lW \b-cq-]o-Ic
- W Imcy-f
- n tImtd-j\
- m-sW-X
- n-\m km-cn\v
CS-s]-Sm-\m-hp-p-an-. (\ne-hnep CS-s]-S-ep-I-fm-Is Cu
kwcw- ` - ns XI- b psS
thKX hn- n- phbmWpXm\pw) km Unmpsa v Bhp-Ib
- m-sW-n, JP-\mhn \nv A[n-I-ambn XpI
sNe-h-gn-msX Xs KXm-K-Xta-J-e-bn CS-s]-Sm Ign-bpw.
BZyw kqNn-n {]iv\
- ]cnl-cn-m Bm-amb \S-]Sn-I Dm-bm Cu taJ-eb
- psS
Imcy- a X hn- n- m\pw
kml-Nc
- y-ap-m- Ipw. AXv ]Xn-\mbn-c--W-n\v hcp sXmgn-emfnIpw Ah-cpsS IpSp-w_mwK-pw km[m-c-W-m-cmb
tIc-fnse P\-pw Hcpt]mse {]tbm-P\
- I
- c
- a
- mIpw. sI.F-kv.-B.Sn.kn Cu \ne-bn
XpS-cp-I-bmsWn {]Xn-kn
cq-am-bn, Cu m]-\w- Xs
XI-cm\pw P\--fpsS \nIp-Xn-Ww- s Imv ]Sp- p- b nb
tImSn- - W - n- \ v - c q- ] - b psS
BkvXn-I kzIm-cy-I-c--fn

sI.-bp.-]n.-n.H hb-\mSv Pnm Ihj kwm\ {]kn-U v


Pbvk tPmk^v DZvLm-S\w sNp-p.
Ay-X hln-p. Pnm tPm- A_vZpdlvam, hn.-sI.-k-Zm-\Ihj\v kam-]\w Ipdnbn v sk{I-dn tPymXn-evan , hn\-b Agn-p-d
- v, AUz.- p-sImv I SuWn \S
Ah--X-cn-n- Aym-]I Ah- tPm-k^
- v, ]n.-sI.-`K
- Xv Fn-hcpw hn Aym- ] I {]I- S - \ w
Imi {]tabw Ihj h- {]kw-Kn-p. Pnm sk{I-dn sI.- ]pXn- b - m n kam- ] n- p.
n Ic-tLm-j-tmsS AwKo- F. e-Pojv kzmK-Xhpw Ahn- sjdnIv, PnPn-v, hymk,
I-cn-p. P\-Iob {]Xn-tcm[ k- \miv IrX--Xbpw tcJ-s-Sp- kp\n sI.]n Fn-h {]I-SanXn Pnm {]kn-Uv AUz. sI.- n.
\-n\v t\XrXzw \In.

A[ym-]I
- sc _en-bm-Sp-If- m-p kao-]\
-
- n
{]Xn-tj-[n-pI Sotgvkv bqWnn t^mdw
s]mXphnZym-`ymkcwKs
{]iv \ - - f p- a mbn _- s v
A[ym- ] - I sc _en- b m- S p- I - f mp kao- ] - \ - n A[ym]Ikaq-ls-- am-S- w {]Xn-tj-[nWsav B tIcf Sotkvbq\nnt^mdw kwm\ IntbmKw {]kvXmhn-p. G-hp-samSp-hn Be-pg Ubv \S-nb
]T-\-n Icn-pew \njvIjn-p coXn-bn A[ym-]-I
am-dp--n-spw hnizm-kyX \jvSs hn`m-K-ambn A[ym-]-I
amdn-gnsp-ap hne-bn-cp-emWv \S-n-bn-p--Xv. ]pXnb ]mTy-]-Xn A\p-im-knpw
hn[w A[ym-]I
- amdn-h
- n-s
Bt-]-amWv ASn--Sn-bmbn
A[n-Ir-Xcpw ]pXnb ]T\ k{Zm-b-ns Ipgeqp-Im-cmb
_pn-Po-hn-Ifpw kwL-S\mt\XrXz-fpw D-bn-p--Xv. s]mXphn-Zym-`ym-kc
- w-Ks \ne-hm-c
- Ibvpw ap-{]-iv\-pw
Imc-Wa
- mbn \nc-c
- a
- mbn D-bnp hmZ-KX
- n-bm-Wn-Xv. Fm
bYm hkvXp-Xb
- m-Is t\sc
adn-p-am-Wv. Ub-p-Ifpw Fkv.F
- kv.F A[n-Ir-Xcpw ASn-tnp ]pXnb k{-Zm-b-ns
imk-\I
- sf adn-IS- p mvap-dnbn Ipn-Isf ]Tn-n-p-Xp
sImmWv Csbh--bnse-nepw s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ymkw

\ne-\n-p-t]mIp-X
- v. hnI-ea
- mb
knm---fpsS t]cp-]-dv
A[ym- ] - I sc t\mp- I p- nbmn amnb ]pXnb]mTy-]-Xnbpw \b--fp-amWv s]mXp-hnZym-`ym-ks A\m-Ij-Ia
- m-pIbpw Bdm-bn-c-tmfw hnZym-eb-sf AS-p-]q- `oj-Wn-bne-Is
- -Sp-n-bXpw. hnZym-`ym-kc
- wKp \np Khsans
]nmw Dd- p- h - c p- m- \ mbn
t_m[-]qw s]mXp-hn-Zym-`ymks A\m-Ij-I-am-p-I-bmWv. BtKm-f-h-cW \b-fpsS `mK-am-Wn-Xv. Ipn-Isf \nc-ccpw a-_p-n-I-fp-am-p
Cu k{-Zm-b
- n-s\-Xnsc temIhym-]I
- a
- mbn hnZym-`ymk hnN-Wcpw A[ym- ] - I - k - a q- l hpw
s]mcp-Xn-sm-n-cn-p-I-bm-Wv.
B[n-Im-cn-I-amb \nc-h[n
]T\Kth-j-W- Ata-cn-bps- s S- b p cmPy- - f n
CXp-ambn _-sp ]pd-phnp-v. Ata-cn-b
- nepw {_n\n-ep-ap tmvkvsIbnv
tKm-nv Sotkv F
{]m\w Cu Zni-bn-ep HmWv. cn-Xm-fpw hnZym-`ymk
kvt\ln-Ifpw Cu hkvXpX Xncn-dn-bW
- s
- apw tbmKw A`ynp. Bm-ambn {]hnm hfsc sNdn- b \yq\]w GsXmcp sXmgn hn`m-K-

Fn-s-Sm\pw CS-bm-Ipw.
sI.-Fk
- v.B
- .Sn.kn km
Unmp-sa v Bhp-I-bm-sWn, av hIp-p-I sNp--Xpt]mse C\w s]mXp kzImcy ]p-If
- n \nv hmm
Ign- b pw. AtXmsS sI.- F - k v . B.Sn.kn _v ]t- k
Am- X mbn amdpw. Ctm

_v ]t-k BsW-Xv
Nqn-m-n-bm-Wtm Uok-ens
k_v k nUn sI.- F - k v . - B .Sn.knv \ntj-[n--s--Xv. Uokens hn\ \nIpXn asm
D]-t`m--pw 4 iX-am-\-ambn-cn-p-tm sI.-F-kv.-B.Sn.knv AXv 24 iX-am-\-am-Wv.
CXv shn-p-d-bvm km
\S-]S- n-I ssIsm-W
- w.

n-ep-sa t]mse A[ym-]-Ita-J-e-bn-ep-ap-m-hmw. Fm


Ctm ]pd-p-h-p-sIm-n-cnp Bt]ic- Ahs-Xn-sc-b-spw Bmambn tPmen-sN--W-sa-m-{K-lnp A-W-t_m-[-ap
A[ym-]I
- sc amdm Iqm-m-h-scp ap{Z-Ipn B-hocyw
sISp-p-Ib
- m-Wv sNp-s
- Xpw
apgp-h-\m-fp-Ifpw Xncn--dn-b-Ww.
bYmn A[ym-]\w F
Iw \n-ln-m-\-\p-h-Zn-m kml-Ncyw krjvSn-p-sImv
kzImcy h-cW \b-mw Iqp-I-bmWv Ch-cpsS
eysapw tbmKw hne-bn-cpn. ]n. apc-fo-[-cs A[y-X--b n- tN tbmK- n
Fw,hn X-, sI.sF {iohk, sI. cmP, Fw.-B. aRvPp--j, sI.-_m-_p-cm-Pv, Fw. jo_,
sI.-P\
- m-\, Sn.Sn hmkp-tZ-h
Fn-h {]kw-Kn-p. s]mXp-hnZym--`ym-kw XIp \b-fpsS `mK- a mbn Ac- t - d p
A[ym-]Ith-bvs-Xnsc hym]I-amb {]NmcW ]cn-]mSn-I
kwL-Sn-n-m\pw tbmKw Xocpam- \ n- p. CXns `mK- a mbn
amv15 \v sshIp-tcw ImmSv _m v ]cn-k-cv {]Xntj[ tbmKw kwL-Sn-n-pw.

{]iv \ - ] - c n- l m- c - n- \ p
bpn-k-lhpw imiz-Xhpamb
am-sa \ne-bn sI.-F-kv.B.- S n.knsb 1965\p apst]mse, km hIpv
Bn ]cn- h - \ - s - S pm\mbn P\-fpw Poh-\
- mcpw Hs-mbn i_vZ-ap-bt-p
ka-ba
- m-Wn-Xv.

bqWnn

amv 2013

aqenn ]mtPv ]qoI-cn-pI

]cn-n-Xnsb XIp ]md-aS- I


- AS-p-]q-pI

sk{I-t-dn-bv amv

Ie-q ]-m-bv Hm^okv amv

aqe-nn IpSn-sbm-gn-n--ens Amw hmjn-I-tm-S-\p-_nv, aqe-nn ]mtPv DS]qo-I-cn-p-I-sb Bh-iy-ap-bnv tIm-HmUn-t\-j In-n-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-n sk{I-t-dnbv amv \S-p. kv{XoI-fpssS \qdp-I-W-n\v t] ]s-Sp
amv cmhnse 11 \v ss^\mSvkv tImtfPv ]cn-k-c-p-\nv Bcw-`np. sk{I-t-dn-b-n-\p-ap-n \S tbmK-n tIm-HmUn-t\-j
Inn P\-d Iho-\ {^mknkv If-p- Ay--X-h-lnp. apa{nbpw FwF-F-bp-amb Fkv.-i DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp.
\nb-ak
- `- b
- nse bpUn-F^v No^v hov ]n.-kn.-tPmv apJy-{]-kwKw
\S-n. Fkvbp-kn-sF(-I-yq-Wn-v) kwm\ sk{I-t-d-nb-wKw
kJmhv Pn.-F-kv.-]--Ip-am, hnf-nime P\-Iob kanXn {]knU v Fkv.-_qlm, tIcf kwm\ P\-Io-b-{]-Xn-tcm[ kanXn
Xncp-h-\--]pcw Pnm sk{I-dn Fw.-jm-PJm, tZio-b-]mX ka-ct\-Xmhv _n.-tKm-]n, FsF-Fw-Fk
- F
v- kv Xncp-h\
-
- ]
- pcw Pnm {]knU v Fw.-F.-kq-kn, tXmakv I-n tIm Fn-kvtIm-, sI.
sdPn-Ip-am, Ipcp-hnf amXyq-kv, hn.-]n.-hn-, Pn ]n.-F, ]n.sP. ske-o, ssantIm-Xm-Sv, men apf-hp-Im-Sv, XpS-n-bh kwkm-cn-p.

In- m- d - a - e bpw C- mdbpw cm-k]m-dbpw kwc-n-W-sapw IpSn-shw Dunsb-Sp-p t]mp-]md \memwtm-nse aWm v s]mfn-pam-Ww Fpam-hi
- y-sv kwbp-ka
- c
- k
- a
- nXn ]m-bt- m-^okn-tev amv \S-n. kp{]owtIm-SXn D-ch
- nse am-\nti- ewLn-p In-m-d-ae-bnse Fm Izmdn-Ifpw
{]h\w Ah-km-\n-n-m-\mbn-cp-p ka-c-k-an-Xn- Bh-iy-ap-bn-Xv. n.-sI.-Zm-tam-Zc
- Ay-X- h-ln-p. Fw.-Pn.- k-tmjv I p- a m kzmKXw ]d- p.
{]ikvX am[y-a{- ]-h-I _n.B.- ] n.- ` m- k v I DZv L m- S \w
sNbvXp. sN-d ka-c-t\-Xmhv
fml tKm]m-e, Fkvbp-kn-sF
(-kn) Pnm sk{I-dn Fkv.-c-mPoh, ]cn-nXn {]h-I
kn.- B .- \ o- e - I - W v T , lnp
sFIy-thZn kwm\ sk{I-dn
sXSw kpZi-\, dh.-amXyq
ho-kv, dh. kvfo_m-Zm-kv, dh.kv I m- d nb tXma- k v , Fkv U n]nsF kwm-\ tPm.-sk-{I-dn
tPymXnjv s]cp- p- n- ,
tkmfn-Um-cnn Pnm sk{I-dn

kmPnZv sImw, imkv{X kmlnXy ]cn-jv Pnm sk{I-dn


cmtP- { - I p- a m, ssU\m- a nIv
B Pnm Iho-\ Sn.-Fw.k-Xy, kn]n-sF(-Fw-F) Pnm
sk{I-dn _nPp hn. tP_v
Fn-h kwkm-cn-p.

B.-]n.-`m-kvI ]d-p.
cmhnse 9.30 \v IqS tUnbw
PwKv j - \ n\npw {]I- S - \ - a mbmWv P\- ]m-b-n-sen-b-Xv. ASp Znhkw ap-X
Bcw- ` n- p A- \ n- n- X - I me
kXy-{K-l-ns kqN-\-bmbn

]m-b-tm-^okv amv _n.-B.-]n.-`m-kvI DZvLm-S\w sNpp

{]Ir-Xnsb ad-p hnIk\w henb B]v hcp-pw.


P\--fpsS
sXm-Spv
\np k`-bmWv ]m-b
- .v
]m- b v P\- smw
\n-Ww. Cu kacw `mhn Xeap-db
-
v p-th-n-bm-W.v {]IrXnhn`h- \psS Ipp-pIqSn Icp-Xn-h-bv-Ww. hnP-bnpI As-n acnpI AXpam-{X-amWv \psS apnse hgn.
DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp-sImv _n.-

BZy- I me ka- c - t \- X m- - f mb
tImin imap-h, tPmv Ac- I m- e - b n, Sn.- s I.- Z m- t am- Z - c
Fn-h kXy-{K-l-an-cp-p.
cmP ]p]p-c-bn,
Znt\iv Ipf-p-a, tim`m-Ic
- ,
{]Zo]v Xd-ta, jd-^p-o, ]n.F.-I-a-em-k-\, n.-sI.-Zm-tam-Zc, apl- Zv kmen, tPmbn
s\n-aq-n, sI.-]n.-Pb
- , Sn.-Fw.P-em-ep-o, hn]n XnSn XpS-nb-h amn\v t\XrXzw \In.

Xncp-h\- -]pcw hnam-\


- m-hf-
- ns hnI-k\w :

FtUmk^m: Zpcn-X_
- m-[n-Xc- psS
]p\-c[
- n-hmkw ]q-ambpw \S-n-em-pI

IpSnsbmgn-n- `o-jW
- n-s-Xnsc
P\- hopw ka-c-cw-Kv

ImktKmUv A\n-n-X-Ime \ncm-lmc kacw


tIcf Khsans DS-a
- X-bn-ep mt-j tIm-tdjs Iogn hcp Iip-am-hn
tXm-f
- n amc-Ia
- mb FtUmk^m IoS-\m-in\n ]Xn-mp-I-tfmfw bmsXmcp am\-Z-hpw ]men-msX Gcn-b kvt{]
DssS \S-n-bXp hgn-bm-Wv,
Xe-ap-dI
- t- fmfw \op-\np,
temI- p- X s kam- \ - X - I
Cm Zpcw ImktImSv Pnbn Dm-Ip-hm CS-bm-b-Xv.
Iip-am-hn ]q-nse -\ocq-n-sb-Sp-pIbpw AXn-eqsS hnf- I v CS- b m- p- I bpw
sNp tXbn-e-sm-Xp-Ip-Isf
Xpc-m-\pw, Cu \mWy-hn-fb
- psS
DXv]m-Z\w hn-n-m\pw F
t]cn IpI I-\n-I-fn
\nv FtUm-k^m hmnq- p- I bpw tXm- - f neqsS
Dnepw ]miz-f
- nepw D P\hmk tI{-f
- n DssS IoS\m-in-\n- {]tbm-K-ns Fm
am\-Z---fpw ewLn-p-sImv
tImcn-sm-cn-bp-I-bpambncpp _-s--h
sNbvXX
- v.
CXns ^e- a mbn
A\p-hZ- \
- o-ba
- m-bX
- nepw 10
aS--ne-[nIw FtUm
k^m `qK` Pen DssS hym]np-hm CS-bm-bn. Cu
Pe-hpw, AXn \npw
Dm-Ip `y-hk
- vXpfpw hj-t- fmfw D]tbm-Kn \nm-l-mbcmb
P\- cmkm-bp[w

hcpp hn\miw t]m-se Xeap-d-I-tfmfw \op \n-p


P\n-XI sshI-ey-n\pw AXneqsS `oZn-X-amb Aw-Ks-- sh-I-eypw Iymk, N-tcm-K, at\m-tcm-K- DssS
\nc- h [n Xocm- h ym- [ n- I pw
ASn-aI
- f
- mbnop.
AXn-`o-a-amb NnInm
Nnehv Xmm-\m-hmsX IS-sWn- b n- e m- b - h - c pw, Pohn- X - ` mcw
Xmm- \ m- h msX B- l Xy
sNbvX-hcpw AIm-e-N-c-a-a-S-hcpw A\-h-[n-bm-Wv. Fm
FtUm-k^m {]tbm-Kw-aq-eamWv Xv Cu Zpc-h--bpm- b Xv Fv sshIn- b m- s Wnepw P\- Xncn- - d nv
kac cwKv AWn-\n-c-p-I-bmWn-tm.
tI{ km-cns Iogn-ep
\mj- W Cn- yqv Hm^v
Hmp-t-j-W slv
(NIOH) DssS \nc- h [n
GPkn-I FtUm-k^m-

\mWv ImktImsS Cu Zpc-n\p ImcWw Fv imkv{Xob-amb ]T-\


- n-eqsS shfn-hm-nbn-p-v. Fm CXns
Kuchw Dsmv th \S-]Sn-I kzoI-cn-p-hm amdn amdn
h km-cp-I Xm-dm-bn
FXv `c-W-Iq-S-ns P\hn-cp kz`mhw hy-am-p-p.
km-tZ-iob Xe-n \nch[n cmPy--fn Cu amc-I-amb
IoS-\m-in\n \ntcm-[n-p-Ibpw
]e cmPy-fpw Lw-L--ambn
CXns D]-tbmKw Ah-km-\n-nm\pw Ctm Xocp-am-\n-n-pv. Cu kml-Nc
- y-n-emWv tIcf- n \npw Dbp- h
FtUm-k^m hncp
kacw tZiob Xe-n Nmhn-j-b-am-b-Xv. Fm kp{]ow
tImS-Xn-bn DssS FtUmk^m XpSpw D]-tbm-Knp- - X n- \ p- t hn hmZn- p- I bmWv tI{ km Ctmgpw
sNp-X
- v. IpI I-\n-It- fm-

tUm.-Un.-kp-tc-{-\mYv \ncm-lmcw A\p-jvTn-p ka-c-]--en tIcf kwm\


P\-Io-b-{]-Xn-tcm[ kanXn P\-d sk{I-dn tUm.-hn.-th-Wp-tKm-]m {]kw-Kn-pp

Fkvbp-kn-sF(-kn) Pnm-I-n-n-bwKw kJmhv ]n.-F-kv.-tKm-]-Ip-am sk{I-t-dn-bv


amns\ A`n-kw-t_m-[\ sNpp

AtZ-iob hnam-\
- m-hf
-
- n-s\ t]cn \nc-c
- a
- mbn IpSnsbm-gn-n- `oj-Wn- t\cn-Sp h--Shvhm-aq-e- \n-hm-kn-I
hopw ka-cc
- w-Kv AWn-\n-c
- p-Ib
- m-Wv. \mev]t- Xmfw sdknU v
Atkm-kn-tb-j-\p-I {]tZ-is av P\-Iob Bh-iy-fpw
ap\nn B Iukn-ens t\Xr-Xz-n {]tm`W ]cn]m-Sn-Iv cq]w \In-bn-cn-p-Ib
- m-Wv.
h-S- hv DssS Xoc-tZihmUp-If
- n s{Ubn-t\Pv kuIcyw
Dd-p-h-cp-p-I, amen\yw sImv \nd-bp ]m-Xn-]p--\m ASnb-n-ca
- mbn ipNo-Ic
- n-p-I XpS-nb ASn-b
- n-c{- ]m-[m-\y-ap Bhiy- Dbn-smv amv 2mw XnbXn sk{I-t-dn-b-n-tev
Bbn-c--W-n\v _lp-P-\- Ah-Imi kwc-W amv \Sn.
B Iu-kn t\Xm-f
- mb ssk^p-Zo lmPn, F. hn{Ia\m-b, hnImcn P\-d ^mZ bpPn s]tc-c, apa{n kptc{ ]n, ic-XvN-{-{]-km-Zv, _n.-sP.-]n. t\Xmhv ]-Ip-am, Fkv.bp.-kn.-sF(-kn) Pnm In-n-bwKw ]n.-Fkv. tKm]-Ip-am Fn-h
{]kw-Kn-p.
Sp Zmky-a-msX asm-p-a-
km-cns\ CXn\p t{]cn-n-pXv. t`mm Zpc--n\v Ccbm-bh
- Poh-Oh
-
- f
- mbn Ign-bptm Zpc--n-\p--c-hm-Zn-Ifmb bqWn-b Imss_Uv I\n-sbbpw, AXns As
Db DtZym-K
- t- cbpw BZ-cnp- I - b mWv \p- s S tI{
km.

tIcfm km-cm-hs, s]mXp kaq-l


- n \npw Dbp
h {]Xn-tj-[-sf XpSv
tI{- a-\p-jym-h-Imi Io-j
CS-s]v Zpc--_m-[n-X-cpsS ]p\c-[n-hm-k
- n-\mbn aptm-p-sh
\nt-i- \S-n-em-m-Xn-cnm InWv ]cn-{i-an-p-Ib
- m(tijw t]Pn 7)

bqWnn

amv 2013

AJn-teym alnfm kmwkvIm-cnI kwL-S\ amv 814

kv{Xo kpcmhmcambn BN-cn-pp


kv{XoI-fpsS Dze t]mcm-fpsS Hcp \qmns kvac-W
]
- p-Xp-e
- mWv kmtZ-iob h\nXm-Zn-\w. Cu Zn\w BN-cn-m
kv{Xok-aqlw Hp-tN-cp-tm,
sFXn- l m- k nI apt- -
\apv am-Zi-I-am-Wv. A`n-am\-tmsS Xe-bp-bnnSnp
Pohn- - W - s a- n sNdp- p\nn-eqsS am{Xta km[y-amhq
F Hcp kml-N-cy-n-emWv
kv{Xok-aqlw Cv hsn\np-Xv. \m\m-Xcw AXn-{Ia-fpw Zpcm-Nm-c-fpw hn-ph-cp-p. kaq-l-nse \-I-sfsbmw sISp- n- - f - b p- a mdv
kmwkvIm-cnI PoX k-hym]n-bm-Ip-p. a\p-jy-\mbn Cv
\ne-\n-Ws
- a-n ]pcp-jt\m
kv{Xotbm BIs Cu Po-XIs- X n- c mb kmwkv I m- c nI
apt- - n AWn- t Nt
aXnbmIq.
Cy-sb-mSpw kv{XoIpw
Ipn-Ipw t\sc hn-p-hcp B-{I-aW- kPo-hN
- bmb \mfp- I IqSn- b m- W n- X v .
Uln-bn-ep-mb ss]im-NnI
kw`-hhpw AtX-Xp-Sp-bph hn {]Xn-tj-[
- f
- p-amWv
C-c-samcp kml-Ncyw krn- X v . am[y- a - fpw cm{ob
{]m-\
- fpw aps-p-an-m-hw Cu hnj-b-n H-m-SpI krn-p-papv. _npIfpw HmUn-\kp-I-fp-samw
aWn-q-dp-Ip-n Ah-X-cnp- Xpw \mw ImWp- pv .
]t, Kuc-h-a-\-kp-I tNmZnp Hcp tNmZy-ap-v. Ctm
\S-p Cu tImem-l-e-
bYm {]iv\-v ]cn-lmc-am-Iptam? sXmen-p-d-ta-bp
NnIn-b
- mWv Fhn-sSbpw \ntins- S p- - X v. bmYm
tcmKs NnIn-n-pI FXmWv \ap-m-hi
- yw.
Ip-Ir-Xy--fpsS Xe-m-\amb Uln-bn kv{XoIpt\-sc-bp AXn-{I-a- Ahkm-\n-p-n FmWv \ntXy\
Ctmgpw dntmp-sN--s-Sp
hm-I sXfn-bn-p-X
- .v \n`b-bpsS AXn-Zm-cp-W-amb Ayn-\p-ti-jhpw GXmv Ccp-]tXmfw kw`-h-fmWv Uln-

bnepw ]cn-kc
- {- ]-tZ-i
- f
- n-ep-ambn
Ac-t-dn-bncn-pXv! ]np-Ipp-t]mepw ss]im-Nn-Iamb B{I-a-W-v Cc-bm-s- S p kw`- h - Ulnbn\nv F- X p- t ]mse
\mSns \m\m-tIm-Wn\npw
Fn-sm-n-cn-p-Ibm-W.v almcm-jv{S-bn Iuamcw ]nn-Sm
aqp s]Ip-n-I {Iqc-ambn
_emmcw sN-s-Sp-Ibpw
sIme-s-Sp-s
- -Sp-Ibpw sNbvX
hm- GXm\pw Znh-k
- pap-mWv dntmp sN-s--Xv.
km- t Z- i ob h\n- X m- Z n\tmS-\p-_
- nv h\n-XI
- f
- psS
Ah-Im-i
- s
- f-p-dn-p kPo-hamb N-I \S-p k`n tIcfw {]mn-p-Xv
tIh-ew aqp-h-b-p-Im-cn-bmb
Hcp \mtSmSn s]Ip-n-bpsS
Poh-\p-th-n-bm-W.v A-tbm-sSmw Dd-n-n-S s]Ip-n ]oUn-n-s
- -,v Ctm ac-Wt- mSv a-Sn-p-sIm-n-cn-p-Ib
- m-Wv.
kv{XoIfpsS kpc Dd-mm \nb-a- Xnc-nv Bhnjv-cn-p-p-shv tI{-kwm\ km-cp-I `mhn-ptmgpw \nba\nm-Xm-v
kv{XoI-tfm-Sp bYm kao]\w {]Xn-^-en-n-pp \nb-a- f psS D- S - hpw \nb- a \nmWaty \S-p NIfpw Fv ]d-bmsX h. Uln kw`-hs
- -p-Sp-mb
i- a mb P\- I ob {]- t m-- ` ns ^e- a m- b mWv Pnkv
h- I - o- j s\ \ntbm- K n- phm tI{-km \n_-nX-am-b-Xv. Ip-Ir-Xy--fp-ambn
_- s Fm- m- c y- - f pw
icnbmwhw ]cn-K-Wn-v hI-o-j aptm-p-h ^e-{]-Zamb \S-]-Sn-Ifpw ip]miIfpw
tI{-km ]q-ambpw \ncmI-cn-p-Ib
- mWv sNbvXncn-p-X
- .v
kqcy-s\ntIkp-ambn _sv s]Ip-nsbpdnv A]e-]\
- o-ba
- mb {]kvXm-h\
- I
- \Sp--Xn \oXn-\n-l-W-cwKv D-X-m-\o-b-\m-bn-cp
PUvPnbpw Fw]nbpw FwF-Fam-cp-a-Sap-h-cmWv cwK-p-hcpX.v ]n.-sP.-Ip-cys\ c-sSp-p-hm cwK-p-hc
- p cmjv{So-

(6mwt]Pn \nv XpS)

Cu XpI-I \Im Ign-bn


FmWv Ctm km
`mjyw. 1613 t]v am{X-amWv
[\-k-lm-b-ns BZy-KUp
e`n-X
- v. _mn-bp-h
- v Xpamb s]j-\pw. Ap-hjwsImv Zpcn-X-_m-[n-Xp
klmb hnX-cWw Ah-km-\nnpw F kqN\ km
]pd-n-d-nb D-c-hn
ImWpp.- PohnXImew apgp-h
ZpcnXw t]td-p--hv
XpSv klmbw \ntj-[n-m
thn-bm-Wns\ D-c-hn
]d-bp-X
- v. Cu kml-Nc
- y-n
FtUm-k^m Zpcn-X-_m-[nXv tI{ a\p- j ym- h - I mi
Io-j \nt-in ]p\-c-[nhmk ]cn-]mSn ]q-ambpw \Sn-em-p-I, Pn-bnse apgp-h

Wv. P\--fpsS In s]mSnbn-Sp--Xn-\p-thn Nne {]Jym]-\


- \Sn F-sXm-gn-m
{]Jym-]-\- IS-em-kn Ddp-I-bm-Wv. GXm\pw t]v
\jvS-]-cn-lm-c-Xp-I-bpsS sNdnb
`mKw hnX-cWw sNbvXv ]p\-c-[nhmk {]h-\
-
- Ah-km-\nn-m-\mWv km Btem-Nnp-X
- v.
FtUmk^m ZpcnX_m[n-Xc
- mbn env sN-s-n-p-Xv
4182 t] am{X-am-Wv. CXn 2453
t]sc 5 ew cq]-bpsS \jvS]-cn-lm-c-n-\pw, 1179 t]sc 3
e-nsXn\pw Al-cmbn
IW-m-n-bn-p-sv km
]d-bp-p. Fm env sNs-n-p Imk tcmKn-Iv

(tijw t]Pn 14

b kmap-Zm-bnI
t\Xm-,
X-fpsS
{]kvXm-h-\-I-fneqsS A[-ahpw
Po- h p- a mb
X-fpsS \ne]m-Sp-I-fmWv
hy- a m- p- Xv. Xt-X
- m
Imc-W--fm
PohnXwXs
XI- t ]mb
Hcp Ipn-tbmtSm
IpSpw-_-nt\mtSm bmsXmkm-tZ-iob h\n-Xm-Zn-\-n Xncp-h-\--]p-cv FsF-Fw-F-kv-Fkv {]h-I \S-nb {]I-S-\w.
kwm-\-sk-{I-dn ssje sI.-tPm, Fw.-F.-kq-kn, F.-k-_q-d, Fkv.-an\n XpS-n-b-h t\XrXzw \In.
cp klm- \ p- ` qXnbpw ImWn-p-n Fp-am-{X- nI ]cn-lmcapm-Iq. AXn-s\- kmwkvIm-cnI kwL-S-\ (FsF- F
-v kv) Cu Zni-bn cmPya-, hopw hopw Ahsc A]- Xn-sc-bp t]mcm--am-W-tm Fw-Fk
sa
mSpw
\nc-h[n {]tm-`-WIon-s-Sp-p-hm\pw B{I-an- A\n-hm-cy-am-bn-cn-p-X
- v. kaq-lm\pw apXn-cp-Xv A]-e-]-\o- ns ]ptcm-K-Xn-m-bp A- kwL-Sn-n-p-h-cn-I-bm-Wv.
- n-e[
- n-jvTn-Xb-am-W.v Btcm-]W
-
- Ipp-Iq- zm-\-n ]pcp-j-t\m-sSmw Db kwkvIm-c
Sp-tmgpw cmPn-h-bvWsa Xpey--]-p-h-ln-pIbpw imco-cn- amb hnime kv{Xoap-t--ambn
Nn-t]m-ep-an-msX Xm- Ihpw am\-kn-I-hp-amb hnIm-k- AXv ]cn-W-anp--Xn-s- D-a
\v XpS-cp Cq--cpsS \oXn- n\-v Xpey- A-hk
- cw e`y-am-p- Zrm- - a m- b n- c p- p, P\p- h cn
t_m-[hpw [mn-I-t_m-[hpw Ibpw sNp kmaq-ly-kw-hn-[m- 29,30,31 Xnb- X n- I - f n \S
`bm-\I
- w-Xs Fpw ]d-bmsX \w krn-s-Sp-pI F-Xmbn- sFXn- l m- k n- I - a mb aqm- a Xv
h. \nb-ak
- `- b
-
v p-nt]mepw cn--Ww B t]mcm--ns e- AJn-teym h\n-Xm-k-t-f-\w.
Cu kt-f\
-
- ns Blzm\{]kv{Xohn-cp-a
- mb N-If
- mWv \S- yw.
Imcw
kmt
Z-iob h\n-Xm-Zn-\p-Xv FXv \nb-a-tm
hnZym-`ym-k-n-\v, thm-h-Im\nb-a-\n-l-W--fn-eq-sStbm i-n-\v, am\y-ambn hkv{Xw [cn- amb amv 8 kap-NnXw BN-cnkv{XoI-fpsS kpc Dd-m-m-\m- m, a\p-jy-sc-tmse Pohn- p--Xns `mK-ambn amv 8
In FXv hopw hopw m, \mSns kzmX-{y-n-\p- apX 14 hsc AXn- { I- a sXfn-bn-p-I-bm-Wv. i-amb thn, P\m-[n-]X
- yA
- h
- I
- m-i
- - sXnsc kv { Xokp- c m
kv{Xo-ap-t-
- f
- n-eq-sStb kv{XoI- -p-thnsbms F{Xtbm hmc- a mbn BN- c n- p- I - b m- W v .
f p s S t a e p A X n { I - Dz-e-amb {]tm-`- \p- CXns `mK-ambn Fm kwma--- -
- --- v XSbnSm\mIq.
sS cmPypw temI-sa-mSpw \--fnepw \nc-h[n {]Xn-tj[
kv { Xok- a q- l s ASn- hfp-h-n-p-v. \nc-h[n h\n- ]cn-]m-Sn-I kwL-Sn-n-n-cn-p-Iap, hynXzw \ntj-[nv X-I Cu t]mcm--ho-Yn-I-fn bm-Wv. tIc-f-n Fm Pn-Ikv{Xoi-co-cs em`mn-tbmsS Poh kan-n-p-v. Ah-cpsS fnepw kwL-S-\-bpsS B`n-ap-JyItmfn-te-s-dnv sImSp- PohnX amXrI Dbn-n-Sn-p- n Cu Znh-k--fn {Inbm- f
- mb ]cn-]m-Sn-I kwLn-cn-p- kmaq-ly-km-
- nI sImv, bYm kv{XoXz-ns -I
Sn
n
nc
np-Ib
- m-W.v a\p-jy-ktv \hyh-n-Xn-sb AXns B[p- alXzw m]n-s-Sp-m Ign-bplnI
t
fh
t
cmSpw
CXn AWn-tN\nI cq]-amb BtKm-fh
- -cW
- - -Xm-hWw Cv hfp-h-cp
cm\pw
]npW
b
vm\pw R-f\-b
- sf ]cm-Pb
- s
- -Sp-nbm apt-
- .
`yn
p
p.
am{Xta Cu {]iv\
- v BXyAJn- t eym
alnfm

Pnkv _k-ns {]kvXm-h\ Zpcp-t-i-]cw


AJn-tey alnfm kmwkvIm-cnI kwL-S\
kqcy-s\-n-tI-kn hn[n-{]kv X m- h n _nse PUv P n
Pnkv _kv s]Ipn-sXnsc A]-Ion-I-chpw \ncp-c-hm-Z-]-c-hp-amb {]kvXm-h-\bpambn Ctm cwK-p-h
- ncnpXv Zpcp-t-i-]-c-am-sWpw
kqcy-s\-n-t-kn kXy-khpw ka- { K- h p- a mb At\zjWw \Sn Ip-hm-fn-Iv
Ii\ inIvj Dd-m-W
- s
- apw
AJn-tey alnfm kmwkvImcnI kwL-S\ kwm\ {]knU v efnX amXyp sk{I--dn
ssje sI.-tPm Fn-h Hcp
{]kvXm-h-\-bn Bh-iy-s-p.
tIc-fs
- sl-tm-SX
- n-bpsS Ncn{X-nse Ghpw P\m-[n-]-Xyhn-cp-a
- mb hn[n-bmWv kqcy-s\n-tI-kn Dm-b-Xv. IogvtmSXn Ip-hm-fn-I Fp Isnb {]Xn-Isf Ip-hn-ap--cmp hn[n- { ]- k v X m- h - a mWv
ssltm-S-Xn \S-n-b-Xv. tIcf-ns kmaqly kmwkvIm-cnI
A-co--n hfsc Kpcp-Xc- a mb {]Xym- L m- X - - f mWv
{]kvXpX hn[n-bpm-n-bXv
FXv ]nm-ev tIc-f
- n-

ep-mb s]hm-Wn-`-tI-kp-IfpsS \o \nc-sX-fn-bn-p-p.


\ncp- - c - h m- Z - ] - c - a mb hn[n- { ]kvXmhw \S-nb PUvPn-am Cu
kml-N-cy-ns \na-an-Xn-v
D-ch
- m-Zn-If
- m-W.v
{]mb-]qn-bm-Im
s]Ip-nsb \o \m-nc-p-Zn-hkw sImp-\S- v Iq-_-

b-cm-bnpw tIkns Kuchw ]cn-KW


- n-p At\z-jWw \S-nn-.
Btcm-]W
- h
- n-t[-b\
- mb cmPyk`m D]m-y- ]n.-sP.-Ip-cy
cmPn-hv At\zj-s t\cn-Sp-hm\p [mn-IX ImWn--Ww.
s]Ipnsb am\- k n- I - a mbn
]oUn-n-p-Ibpw kz`m-h-l-Xy-\-

Pnkv _k-ns tImew In-p--Xn-\p-apv FsF-Fw-F-kv-Fkv {]h-I


tImbw SuWn \S-nb {]I-S\w

em-w-K
- n\v Cc-bm-nb kw`- S-p-Ibpw sNp-h
- -s-Xnsc
h-n kaq-l
- nse {]ap-Jcpw \nba\S-]Sn kzoI-cn-W
- s
- apw
{]_-ec
- p-amb cmjv{Sob t\Xm-- t\Xm- Bh-iy--s-p.
f-Sw ]ecpw Btcm-]-W-hn-t[-

bqWnn

amv 2013

ZznZn\ s]mXp-]-Wn-ap-Sv: tbmPn sXmgn-emf


(Hmw t]Pn \nv XpS)

t{SUv bqWn-b\
- p-If
- psS cPn-kvt{Sj 45 Znh-k-n-\Iw \Ip-I
XpS-n-b 10 Unamp-I 2012
sk]vw-_ 4\v Uln Xtmd tUn- b - n \S
tZiob Ihj- aptmphp. - ] Wn- s b- S p- p- - h - c psS
Fm Bh-iy-fpw CXn Ds-Sp--n-s-nepw hfsc ASn-bnc {][m-\y-ap Unamp-I-fmWn-h. Fm Poh-{]-[m-\-fmb Cu Unamp-I-tfmSv tI{
k- m apIm- e - - f n- t e- X pt]mse Xs Ah-KW
- \ ImWnsp am{X- a - , hne- - b w
cq-am-p-X
- ps-sS-bp \S]- S n- I ssIsm- p- I - b papmbn. CXv Cy-bnse t{SUv
bqWn-b {]m\tfmSv am{Xa ap-gp-h sXmgn-em-fn-I-tfmSpw
P\-tfm-Sp-ap km-cns
shp-hn-fn-bmWv.
]Wn-ap-S-ns Xte-Zn-hkw
am{Xw Hcp {]l- k \N
\Sn ssI Igp-Inb tI{-K-

S-n-smv Cy sXmgn
cwKw AmsS kvXw`nn-p. tIcfw,- X-an-gv\m-Sv, Im-SI, B{,
H-Uo-j,- ]-m-_v,- _o-lm,- l-cnbm-\,- cm-P
- m,-]
- n-a_
- wKm,{Xn-]pc XpS-nb kwm-\-fn ]Wn-ap-Sv _m-bn-amdn.
QmJWv U v , - b p.- ] n,- Fw.]n,
Uln,- Kp-P-dm-v,- a-lm-cm-jv{S,ln-am-N{]-tZiv Fo kwm\--fnepw i-amb ]Wn-ap-SmWv \S-X
- .v - kw-LS- nX AkwL-Sn-Xt- a-Je
- b
-
- msS km-n-Ita-J-e-bpsS Fm CS--fnepw
sXmgn-em-fn-I Iq-tmsS ]Wnap- S - n.- _m- v , - Cjq- d kv , o,- Icn, J-\n,- N-Ww,ssh-Zyp-Xn,- X-]m, s]-t{Sm-fn-bw,{]-Xn-tcm-[w,- Xpd-apJw,- tI-{-k
- wm\ ko-kv, sF.-Sn,- F-n\ob-dnw-Kv,- sF.-kn.-Un.-F-kv,- Bi- F- n- s\ tIm{SmIv S v
sXmgn-em-fn-I DssS tImSn-W-n\v sXmgn-em-fn-I XfpsS Pohn- X s kmc- a mbn
_m[n-n-cn-p BtKm-fh
- -

Im-SI
hsa ns lpns\Xn- s cA`q-X]
- q-amb P\-hn-ImcamWv
cmPyv PzenpbXv. 48 aWnq ]Wn-ap-S-n Cy-bn-epS-\o-fa
- Xv {]I-SnXambn.
]Wn- a p- S - ns\ XIm\p tI{--kw-m\ kmcp-I-fpsS Fm IpknX \otfbpw sXmgn-em-fn-I AXn-Pohn-p. lcn-bm\bn ]Wn-ap-Sv
ka- c - n- t es F.- s F.- S n.bp.kn. t\Xm-hns\ _v Ibn
sIme-s-Sp-n-bXpw t\mbn-Ubn t]meokv a\n cv
sXmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS Poh s]menXpw cmPy-p-S\
- ofw \nc-h[n
sXmgn- e m- f n- I v a\tatnhXpw Khsap-IfpsS A{I-a\
- b
-
- ns `mK-am-bnm-Wv. IpI apX-em-fn-am-cpsS
Imcy-Zin-If
- mbn {]hn-p
km-cp-Ifpw Hcp hn`mKw am[ya-fpw ]Wn-ap-S
- ns\ 'h\-jSv 'am-nbpw 'BtLm-j-'am-nbpw
Nn{Xo-I-cn-m ]mSp-s]-p. Cu
hne- I p- d Zpjv{]- N - c - W smw Np adp-]Sn sImSpp-sImv Cy-bnse Azm\in AXns Dbpw
Icppw sXfn-bn-p-Ib
- p-m-bn.
Imivao apX I\ym-Ip-amcn
hscbpw Acp- W m- N {]- t Ziv
apX KpP-dmv hscbpw sXmgnem-fn-I kq-ambn ]Wn-ap-

c-W\
- b
-
- n-s\-Xnsc cv Znhkw
\o ]Wn-ap-S-n-tes-p.
`c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-I-fpsS tImtdv A\p-Iq-e--P-\-hn-cp \bs-Xnsc \S hmkv{Sov
{]tm-`Ww DssS temIsapw CubnsS B-Sn kac-sm-Sp-m-n\v Xpey-ambn Cu
]Wn-ap-Sv km-tZ-iob {i-]nSnp ]p-I-bp-bn. hmm
am[y-a--fpsS tIm-tdv A\pIqe \ne-]mSv aqew Cu k-tiw
th{X temIP\-X-bn-se-nm Ign-bmsXt]mbn Fp-am{Xw.
kzmX{y - k - a - c - I m- e - L - n\v Xpeyw sXmgn-em-fn-I kSIp-Ss
- -gp-t-p kml-Nc
- yn-te-mWv Cu ]Wn-ap-Sv
hncNq-p--Xv.- sXm-gn-em-fn-hncpP-\t- {Zm-l\
- b
-
- s-Xnsc
sFIyw--k-a-cw--sFIyw F
XXz-n-e-[n-jvTn-X-amb \o-q\nevp- Xpw hodp- - X p- a mb
{]tm`W- hfn-sb-Spp-hm sXmgn-em-fn-In-Sb
- n
hfp hcp k- - X - b pw
Cu ]Wn-ap-S-n-epsS {]I-S-am-bncn-p-I-bmWv. Cu ]m--en Ctm hfp- h
sFIy-tbpw {]tm-`s
- bpw
GsX-nepw hn[-n hgn-sX-np-hm\pw XS-s
- -Sp-p-hm-\pap- Fm KqVm-tem-N-\-I-sfbpw

Xncp-h-\--]pcv sk{I-t-dn-b-n-\p-ap-nse ka-c-tI-{-n kJmhv kn.-sI.-eq-tmkv {]kw-Kn-pp


Pm{K-Xt- bmsS ]cm-Pb
- s
- -Sp-Wsapw Unamp- I t\Sn- s bSppw hsc kwbp--{]-tm`Ww in-s-Sp-p-hm {]Xn-sb-Sp--W-sapw AwK-kwJy-bn Cy-bnse Bdm-as
tI{- t{SUv bpWn-b-\m-b B
Cy bp.-n-.bp.knbpsS AJnteym Inn sXmgn- e mfn
ktlm-Zc
-
- t- fmSv A`yn-p-Ibp-m-bn.
tIcfn hfsc Nn-bmb
coXnbnXs-bmWv ]Wn-ap-Sn\p thn-bp Xm-sd-Sp-pI \S-n-bXv. kwm-\s
t{SUv bqWn-b kwbp thZn
Nn- b mbn IqSp- I bpw Hmtcm
{]h-\L
- -
- n-sebpw ]ptcmKXn N sNp-Ibpw sNbvXpsIm-mWv ZznZn\ ]Wn-ap-S-ntev {]th-in--Xv. kwm-\
Ihj, Pnm Ihj\p-I,- a-WvUew Ihj-\pI, sXmgn-em-fn-If
- psS kwbp
P\-d t_mUn, aonw-Kp-I,
Npa-sc-gpv t]mdnwKv, eLpte-J hnX-cWw-,- {]-N-cW PmYI, hn-fw-_c PmY-I XpS-nb
{]h-\- LwL-ambn
hfn-sb-Sp-n-cp-p.
]Wn-ap-Sv hnP-bn-n-p-hm
Blzm\w sNbv X psIm- p
B Cy bp.-n.-bp.-kn. bpsS
t]m {]Nm- c Ww kwm\s 14 Pn-I-fnepw hym]-Iambn \S-p-I-bp-m-bn. Nph-scgpv hfsc t\cs Xs
Pn-I-fn \S-n-bn-cp-p. ]Xn\m- b n- c - - W - n\v t\mokv
ASnv sXmgn-em-fn-In-Sb
- n
hnX-cWw sNp-I-bp-m-bn. F.sF.-bp.-n.-bp.-kn bn A^nentbv sNbv X n- p Iip- h n
sXmgn- e mfn sk, tIcf
Ikv{S- htgvkv bqWnb, IjI sXmgn-emfn sk,
mt-j htgvkv sk,
slUv temUv htgvkv
sk, tIcf tjm]vkv B v
sImta-gvky Fm-n-jvsa v
Fwtm- b okv sk, tIcf
ay kwkv-cW sXmgn-emfn
bqWn-b,- tI-cf tv Hmtm-samss_ B v P\-d Fn\ob-dnwKv htgvkv sk, tIcf
tv Hmtm-dn sXmgn-emfn
sk XpS-nb bqWn-b\
- p-I
{]tXy-I-ambn Xs ]Wn-ap-Sns {]h-\
- f
- n GsSp-Ib
- p-mbn.
tIc-f
- nse kap-X t{SUv

bqWn-b t\Xmhv kJm-hv sI.]n. tImk- e - c m- a - Z mkv , ZnZzn\


]Wn-ap-Sv hnP-bn-n-p-hm\pw
Unam v t\Sn-sb-Sppw hsc kac-hp-ambn apt]mv t]mIp-hm\pw
Blzm\w sNbvXp sImv
{]kv X m- h \ ]pd- s - S p- h n- p.
Atlw t\XrXzw \Ip
sI.-Fkv.-B.-n.kn. htgvkv
s^U-td-j, sI.-F-kv.-C.-_n.htgvkv bqWn-b, sI.-Fk
- v.C.- _ n- - ] n.- k n.- k n.
sse
htgvkv bqWn-b, Fv.F
- .F.- k n.- B v k n htgv k v
bqWn- b , tIcf ss{]hv
tamtm htgvkv bqWn-b
XpS- nb bqWn- b - \ p- I fpw
t\mokv \In- ]Wn-ap-S-n
Gs-Sp-Ib
- p-m-bn.
Xncp-h-\--]pcw ]me-sa v
aWvUew PmY s^{_p-hcn 12,13
Xob- X n- I - f n \S- p. - B
Cym b
- p.-n.-bp.-kn. Pnm sk{I-dnbpw kwm\ {Sj-d-dp-amb
kJmhv Un. lcn-Ir-jvW PmYbnse ncmw-K-sa \ne-bn
hnhn[ tI{--fn {]kw-Kn-p.
]m-\w-tImSv \S PmYbpsS
BZy-Zn-h-ks kam-]\ tbmKn B Cym -bp.-n.-bp.-kn.
kw-m\ sshkv {]kn-U v
kJmhv -Un.-kp--tc-i {]kw-Knp. kJm -I-c-a-\ -{]-kmZv,
tZh-Zmkv, Fkv {ioIp-am, F
- .-k_q-d XpS-n-bh
- kzoI-cW
- t- bmK--fn ]s-Spp.
cv PmY-If
- p-sSbpw kam-]\w
t{SUv bqWn- b kwm\
t\Xm-f
- psS kmn-y-n 17
\v sshIov ]p- c n- w
ssaXm-\n-bn \S-p. kn.-sF.n.bp. kwm-\ -sk-{I-dn Ffacw Icow Ay-X hlnp.
B Cym.-bp.-n.-bp.-kn. AJnteym sshkv {]kn- U pw
kwm\ {]kn- U p- a mb
kJmhv -kn.-sI. eqtmkv Cu

tbmK-n {]kw-Kn-p. kJmhv


B.- _ nPp Pnm In- n- pthn PmYm Iym]vs\ lmc-aWn-bnp.
s^{_-phcn 18 \v Xncp-h-\-]p-cv \S hnfw-_-c -Pm-Ybn kJmhv Un. l- c n- I rjvWs t\Xr-Xzn \nc-h[n
kJm- ]s-Sp-p.
s^{_p- h cn 19 \v B
Cym bp.Sn.-bp.-kn Pnm Innbpw Fkv.b
- p.-kn.-sF(-I
- yp-Wnv) Pnm In-nbpw kwbp-ambn knn-bn hml-\-{]-NmcWw \S-n. {]mh-
- ew kam]\ tbmK-n kJm- Un.kp--tc-i, s_n tPmk-^v,Fw.F kqkn Fn-h {]kw-Knp. s^{_p-hcn 20, 21 ]Wn-apSp Znh-k--fn knn-bn
\S {]I-S\-n kJm-
kPo-h-ambn ]s-Spp. kJm Un.-kp-t- c-i, Un.-lc
- n-IrjvW Fn-h {]I-S-\-n\v
t\XrXzw \In. sk{I-t-dn-bv
\S-bn {][m\ ka-ct- I-{-n
\S tbmK- n hnhn[
kwm-\- t\-Xm-smw
kJmhv k
- n.sI eqtmkv {]kwKnp. cmw Znhkw \S tbmKn kJmhv Pn.-F-kv.-]--Ipam {]kw-Kn-p. ]Wn-ap-S-p-Znh-k--fn F.sF.bp.-n.-bp.kn
kJm- ap-t{S-Uvbq-Wn-b
{]h-Ismw ka-c-tI-{n kPo-h-ambn \ne-sIm-p.
]Wn-ap-S-ns cmw Znhkw
kac tI{-n \npw ckmn aWvU]
-
- n-tev \S
]w sImfp-n {]-I-S\n
kJmhv kn.-sI.-eq-tmkv CXc
t{SUvbq-Wn-b\pI-fpsS kwm\
t\Xm-smw ]sSpp.
sImw -Pn--bn s^{_phcn 12, 13 Xob-Xn-If
- n-embn \S
cv taJem PmY-I-fn PmYmwK-- F \ne-bn kJm-

HUoj

bqWnn

amv 2013

fn ka-cnse Ncn-{X-{]-[m-\-amb Nph-Sp-shv


Fkv.-cm-[m-Ir-jvW, _n.-hn-t\mZv, ]n.-]n.-{]-im-vIp-am, _n.-cm-aN-{ Fn-h ]s-Sp-p.
{][m- \ - s Fm kzoI- c W
tI{- - f nepw F.- s F.- b p- . n.bp.kn. Pnm t\Xm-fpw A^nen-tb-Uv bqWn-b t\Xm-fpw
kPo-ha
- mbn ]s-Sp-p. s^{_phcn 18 \pw s^{_p-hcn 19 \pw
aew tI{--fnepw {][m-\]--W--fnepw \S hnfw_c
PmY-bnepw ]w-sIm-fp-n-{]-IS- \fnepw sImw, Icp-\m-K-n, Ip-d, Cc-hn-]p-cw, sImmc-c, ]p\-eq, A Fnhn-S--fn B Cym bq.-Sn.-

]p\-eq-cn kJmhv Pn.-{[p-h-Ipamdpw sImm-c--c-bn _n.-cm-aN-{\pw A-en kJmhv sI.i-im-\pw {]kw-Kn-p. B


Cym bp.-Sn.-bp.-kn.- Pnm Inn
AwK-f
- mb kn.- ap-cf
- o-[c
- ]n-,
kXo-i XpS-n-bh A-en
{]I- S - \ - n\pw tbmK- n\pw
t\XrXzw \In.
21 \v Icp-\m-K-n-n-bn
\S s]mXp-tbm-Kw kn.-sF.-Sn.-bp.
kwm\ sk{I-dn hn.-hn.-i-io{ DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. B
Cym bp.-Sn.-bp.-kn Pnm sk{Idn kJmhv _n.-hn-t\mZpw {]kwKn-p.

]mSv\--_o-lm
bp.-kn. t\Xm-fpw {]hIcpw kPo-h-ambn ]s-Sp-p.
]Wn- a p- S v hnP- b n- n- p- h m
Blzm\w sNbvXpsImv Nphsc- g p- p- I fpw t_mUp- I fpw
{it-b-amb coXn-bn Pn-bn
]e- b n- S pw m]n- n- c p- p.
Iip-hn ^m-dn-I-fnepw {][m\-s sXmgn-emfn tI{-f
- nepw
t\mokv hnX-c-Whpw tImW
tbm-K-fpw \S-p.
s^{_p-hcn 20, 21 Xob-Xn-Ifn Pn-bn DS-\ofw \S {]IS-\--fnepw kac tI{--fnepw
F.-sF.-bp-.n.-bp.kn.bpsS kPoh-amb ]m-fnw Dm-bn-cp-p.
s^{_p-hcn 20 \v cmhnse sImw
Nn--S-bn {]I-S\w \S-p.
sF.-F.-Sn.-bp.-kn. t\Xmhv F.
A- g - t Iis Ay- - X - b n
tN tbmKw kn.-sF.-Sn.-bp.
AJn-teym sshkv {]kn-U v
sP.-ta-gvkn-Ip-n-b DZvLm-S\w
sNbvXp. F.-sI.t{]a-N{- , F.F.-Ak
- o-kv (bp.-Sn.-bp.-kn), sP. DZb-`m\p (F.-sF.-Sn.-bp.-kn.), inhPn
kpZi (_n.--Fw.-F-kv), Fkv.cm-[m-Ir-jvW (B Cym bp.Sn.-bp.-kn.) XpS-nb t\Xm-
{]kw-Knp. sImv 21 \v \S
{]I-S-\-n B Cym bp.Sn.-bp.-kn.-Pnm sshkv {]kn-U v
]n.-]n.-{]-im-vIp-am {]kw-Kn-p.
Ip-d-bn B Cym bp.-Sn.bp.-kn. Pnm sshkv {]kn-U v
hn.- B Wn, Fkv . - b p.- k n.- s F.
tem Inn sk{I-dn Fkv.cm-L-h, B Cym bp.-Sn.-bp.kn. Pnm Inn AwK--fmb
B.- l - c n- Z m- k , sI.- s sh.{^mkn- k v XpS- n- b - h
t\XrXzw \In.
kwbp- - t {S- U v b q- W n- b
kanXn kwL-Sn-n-- tbm-K
- fn

]-\w-Xn Pnm I-hj\n B Cym bp.-Sn.-bp.-kn


Pnm {]kn-U v kJmhv Fkv.
cmPo-h {]kw-Kn-p. aWvUemSnm-\-n \S Ihj\p-I-fnepw amv [ XpS-nb- h - b nepw Pnm sk{I- dn
kJmhv sI.-Pn. A\nIp-am,
kJmhv k\em tPmPv(-A-Sq),
kJmhv h
- n.-Un.ktmjv(t- Im-n),
kJmhv -Fkv.-cm-[m-a-Wn(Xn-cp-h), ]n.-Fkv.- {io-Ip-am- XpS-nb-h {]kw-Knp. s^{_p-hcn 1,
2 Xnb-Xn-Ifn \S hml\
PmYbn ASq-cn B Cym
bp.- S n.- b p.- k n Pnm sk{I- dn
kJmhv sI.-Pn. A\n Ipam-dpw,
Xncp-h
- b
- n kJmhv _
- n-Pn-cmPpw
tImn-bn k.-]n.-Fkv.{- io-Ip-amdpw PmYmw-K
- f
- mbn ]s-Sp-p.
Xncp-h- aWvUew PmY B
Cym bp.-Sn.-bp.-kn kwm\
sshkv {]kn- U v kJmhv
]n.Fw.Znt\- i DLm- S \w
sNbvXp.
Be-pg Pn-bnse hS-
taJem PmY s^{_p-hcn 14 -apX 17 -hsc Bbn-cp-p. Hm
Cy bp.-Sn.-bp.-kn. kwm-\n-n-bwKw kJmhv Fw.F. _np,
kJmhv -sI.-]n.-a-t\m-l-c Fnh Cu PmY-bn ncmw-K- f m- b n- c p- p. kJm-
hn.B.A\n, _n\p tam, sI.]n.-kp-ss_-Z Fn-h hnhn[
kzoI-cW tbmK-f
- n kwkm-cnp. s^{_p- h cn 15 ap- X 18hscbmbn-cp-p sX taJem
PmY. Hm Cy bp.-Sn.-bp.-kn.
Pnm sk{I-dn ]n.-B.kXoi, sI.- B .iin Fn- h
CXn ncmw-K--fm-bn-cp-p.
kJm- a[p sN- q,
A\n {]km-Zv, a[p ]n-m-Sv

Fnh {]kw-Kn-p. Pn-bn


33- tI-{--fn Hm Cy bp.Sn.-bp.-kn.bpsS t]cn kzoIcWw \In. tIcfm Ikv{S htgvkv bqWn-b, Iiphn sXmgn-emfn sk, IjI- sXmgn- e mfn sk,- s lUv
temUv htgvkv sk, tIcf
aky kwkvc
- W
- - sXmgn-emfn
bqWn-b Fo kwL-S-\-I
hnhn[ tI{--fn kzoI-cWw
\In.
]WnapS- ns cv Znhkhpw aWvU-e--fn \S
{]I-S-\n Hm Cy bp.-Sn.bp.-kn. kPo-h-ambn ]s-Sp-p.
Be-pg SuWn kn.-sF.-Sn.-bp.
Xmeqv sk{I-dn tkma AyX hln tbmK-n kJm ]n.-B. kXo-i, Fw.F.
_np Fn- h {]kw- K n- p.
hnhn[ tI{--fn kJm-
a[p sN- q(sN- - q),
A\n {]km-Zv (Im-bw-Ip-fw), F.ap-l-Zv (l-cn-m-Sv), ]n.-]n. hnPb(]p-d-m-Sv), sI.-]n.-kp-ss_Z
(]p--{]), hn.-B. A\n (Ip\m-SvAy-), sI.-]n. at\ml-c (tN-e), sI.B. Hma\-p-(-am-th-en--c) Fn-h
{]kw-Kn-p.
tImbw Pn-bn s^{_p-hcn 11- ap-X 14 -hsc cv taJem
PmY-I \S-p. kn.-sF.-Sn.-bp.
Pnmsk{I- dn
]n.B.
cLp\mY \bn PmY-bn F.sF-.bp.-Sn.-bp.-kn. kwm\-
- nn-bw-K
- f
- mb kJm- sI.-]n.hn-P-b, sI.-F. cmP, Fw.sI.-I
- Fn-h ]s-Sp-p.
F.-sF.-Sn.-bp.kn. Pnm sk{I-dn
H.-]n.-F.kemw \bn Ing-
taJ-em-Pm-Yb
- n F.-sF-.bp.-Sn.-bp.kn. kwm\--n-n-bw-K-fmb kJm- hn.-]n. sImptam, F.Pn. APb- I p- a m,
s_n tZhky Fn-hcpw ]sSp-p. PmYv 40- tI-{--fn
kzoI-cWw e`n-p. F.-sF-.bp.-Sn.bp.- k nsb IqSmsX tIcfm
Ikv{S- htgvkv bqWnb, mt- j htgv k v
sk, sI.-Fkv.B.-Sn.-kn.
htgvkv s^U-td-j, sI,Fkv . - C .- _ n]n.- k n.- k n.- s se
htgvkv bqWn-b, Fv.F
- .F.kn.-B v kn. htgvkv
sk, Fkv.-bp.-kn.-sF(-I-yqWn-v), F.-sF.-Fw.-Fkvv.-Fkv,
F.-sF.-Un.-ssh.-H, F.-sF.-Un.Fkvv. H
- . XpS-nb kwL-S\
- I
-
hnhn[ e--fn kzoI-cWw
\In. cpPmY-Ifpw kam-]n-psImv 14 \v tImb-p-\-S
kt-f-\-n sF.-F.-Sn.-bp.kn. t\Xmhv amXyp Ipf- c
Ay-X hln-p. kn.-sF.-Sn.bp. kwm\ sshkvv {]kn--U v
hn.-B. `mkvI DLm-S\w
sNbvXp. t{SUv bqWn- b
kwbp kanXn Pnm Iho\dpw B Cym bp.-Sn.-bp.-kn.
Pnm sk{I--dn-bpamb kJmhv hn.]n. sImp-tam kzmKXw ]dp.
18 \v {][m\ SuWp-I-fnepw

]m-bv tI{--fnepw hnfw_c PmY-I \S-p. 19 \v ]w


sImfpn {]I-S-\-fpw s]mXptbm-K-fpw \S-p-I-bp-m-bn.
F.-sF.-bp.-Sn.-bp.-kn. kwm-\
- n-n-bwKw kJmhv F.thWptKm-]m-e sshpw, kJmhv
S- n.-Fw.-t_mkv shqcpw {]kw-Knp.
]Wn-ap-S-v Znhkw tImbw
SuWn Bbn-c
- n-tesd sXmgnem-fn-I ]s-Sp {]I-S\w \Sp. kn.- s F.- S n.- b p. t\Xmhv
sI.sP. tXmakv tbmKw
DLmS\w sNbvXp. sF.-F.-Sn.bp.-kn. Pnm {]kn-U v ^nenv

DLm-S\w sNbvXp. kn.sF.n.bp kwm\ P\-d sk{Idn Ff-acw Icow, F.sF-.n.bp.kn kwm\ P\-d sk{Idn Im\w cmtP-{,- _n-.Fw.Fkv kwm\ sshkv {]knU v AUz.-\-K-tc-jv,- F.-sF.-bp.n.-bp.kn kwm\ sk{Idn
hn.sI. kZm-\- XpS-n-b-h
{]kw-Kn-p.]-Wn-ap-Sv Znhkw FdWmIpfw knn-bn \S s]mXptbm-K-n F.-sF-.bp-.n-.bp.kn
kwm\ sshkv {]kn-U v
kJmhv ]n.Fw Znt\-i {]kwKn-p. {]I-S-\-n kJm

I-Iv--H-Uoj
tPmk^v Ay-X hln-p.
_n.-Fw.-Fkvv Pnm sk{I-dn
Dn-IrjvW Dn-m, F.sF-.Sn.-bp.-kn. kwm\ sk{Idn AUz. hn.-_n.- _n-\p, F.-sF.bp.- S n.- b p.- k n. Pnm sk{I- dn
kJmhv -hn.-]n. sImp-tam XpSn-b-hcpw {]kw-Kn-p. kJm Sn.-sP. tPmWn-pn (N-\m-t-cn), sI.-F. cmP(-sXW), sI.Fkv.iin- I - e (Ippw]pdw), sI.-k-Zm-\-(-Ipdn-n), s_n tZh-ky(-ap--bw), tPmbn sI.-sP.(-Iq-h--n),
sI.-B. cmPohv (hn-gn--q),
C.-hn. {]Imiv (Xn-cp-hmv) sI.]n.-hn-P-b( Ipd-hn-e-m-Sv), ]n.sI.-c-ho-{(-Ip-dp-pw-X-d), F
thWp-tKm]m-e (sshw), -Sn.Fw.-t_mkv (shq), Fw.sI.
cm[m-Ir-jvW (-F
- v.F
- .-F)
XpSnb- h {]I- S - \ - n\v
t\XrXzw \Ip-Ibpw {]kw-KnpIbpw sNbvXp.
FdWm-Ipfw Pn-bn ]ndhw
aWvUew [-bn F.-sF.-bp.n-.bp.kn kwm\ sk{I-dn-bv
AwKw kJmhv F.- B .
tamlIp- a mdpw A- a men
aWvUew [-bn F.-sF.-bp.n.- b p.kn Pnm In- n- b wKw
kJmhv ]n.-]n.-A-Kn\pw {]kwKnp. Xrp-Wn-pdbn \S
[-bn F.-sF.-bp.-n-.bp.kn
kwm\ sshkv {]kn-U v
kJmhv ]n.Fw. Znt\-i AyX hln- p.- s{^- { _p- h cn
13,14,15 Xn- X n- I - f n- e mbn cv
hml\ {]Nm-c-W-Pm-Y-I \Sp.- c-p-Pm-YI
- f
- p-sSbpw DLmS\w 12\v sshIp-tcw ssltmSXn PwKvj-\n \S-p-I-bp-mbn. s
- F-.F.n.bp.kn kwm\
{]kn- U v B.N{- t i- J c

sI.]n kmhn, tPmWn


tPmk^v Fn-h ]s-Sp-p.
Aam-en-bn kJmhv ]n.-]n.AKn {]kw-Kn-p.
A[n-Im-cn-I-fpsS `mK-p-\np Fm hne-p-I-sfbpw
AXn-Po-hn-p sImv sImn -dnss^\-dn-bnse apgp-h sXmgnem-fn-Ifpw ]Wn-ap-S
- n ]s-Spp. kn.-B.-C.-F, sI.-B.Uyp.-bp. Fo kwL-S-\-I
kwbp-a
- mbn I-\n-tK-n \Snb {]I-S-\-n \qdp--Wn\v sXmgn-em-fn-I ]s-Sp-p.
tbmK-n kn.-B.-C.-F. P\d sk{I-dn kptc-{ \mb,
sI.-B.-Uyp.-bp. {]kn-U v
kJmhv F.- B .tamlIpam, sk-{I-dn kJmhv ]n.-]n.-kPo-hI
v p-am Fo-h {]kw-Kn-p.
F.-sF.-bp-.n-.bp-.knbp-sSbpw
Fkv . - b p.- k n.sF (I- yp- W nv)sbpw Pnm In-n-I-fpsS
kwbpm`n-ap-Jy-n s^{_phcn 16 \v Pnbn hml\ {]NmcW PmY \S-p. F.-sF.-bp.-n.bp- . kn- Pnm {]kn- U v
F.B.tamlIp-am, sk{Idn ]n.Fw. Znt\-i, Fkv.-bp.kn.sF (I-yp-Wn-)v Pnm Inn-bwKw sI.-H.- jm, F
- .-sF.-bp.n-.bp.-kn- Pnm In-n-bwKw tPmWn-tPm-k^v XpS-n-bh
- hnhn[
tI{--fn {]kw-Kn-p.
CSpn Pn-bn s^{_phcn 15, 16 Xn-Xn-I-fn \S
kwbp PmY-bn F.-sF.-bp.n- . bp- . kn- Pnm {]kn- U v
kJmhv Fw.-F.A\n,- Pnm
In-n-bw-K--fmb kJm-
]n.sI.kPn,- Fw.-Fk
- v.\
- m-cm-bW
- n Fn-h ]s-Sp-p. 16\v
sXmSp-]p-g-bn \S ka-]m\
(tijw t]Pv 14)

10

bqWnn

amv 2013

kv{XoI-fpsS ASn-a--n\v Imc-W-sa-sv hni-Zo-I-cn-m km[n-Xv amIvkn-k-n-\p-am{Xw


(t]Pv 2 \nv XpS)

Nqn-m-p-Xv, {]Ir-Xn-bn-se-Xp-t]mse kaq-l-nepw Hcnepw am-ap-m-ImsX \np bmsXm-p-ap-m-hpI kmya F-t{X. Fmw am-n\v
hnt[-b-am-Wv. Hcp \nn-X-k-abv {]Xy- - s - S p Hcp
{]tXy--I {]Xn-`mkw ]no-sSm-cn- ]pXnb asmcp {]Xn-`m-kn\v hgn-am-dn-sm-Sp-p-sImv
A{]-Xy-a
- m-Ip-p. \nb-a
- m
`cn--s-Sp Hm-W-Xv. kaq-ln ]pcp-j\pw kv{Xobpw Xnep hn`-P-\hpw kv{XobpsS
ta ]pcp-js B[n-]-Xyhpw
Fs\ Bhn`-hn-p-sh--Xns\-n alm-\mb FwKkv FgpXn- b n- c n- p- Xv Rm\n- h nsS
hmbnmw: amIvkpw Rm\pw
tNv 1846 Fgp-Xn-b, A{]Im-in-X-amb Hcp ]gb ssIsbgpv {]Xn-bn Cs\ Fgp-Xnbn-cn-pp: Ipp-sf {]khn-p Imcy-n ]pcp-j\pw
kv{Xop-an-Sb
- n-ep hn`-P\
- a
- mWv
BZys sXmgn hn`-P-\w.
Cv, F\n-n-s\ Iqn-tm\pw Ignbpw: Ncn-{X-n,
h-]-c-amb {]Xn-tbm-KnXbpw,
GI--Z m- - X y- n ]pcp- j \pw
kv{Xobpw ]c-kv]-c-ap {]Xntbm-Kn-Xbpw BZy-ambn {]Xy-s- S p- Xv Htc Ime- m- W v .
AXp-t]mse Xs, h-]c
- a
- mb
a-\hpw kv{XobpsS ta ]pcpj \S-p a-\hpw Ncn-{Xn Htc Imev {]Xy--sp. GI-Zm-Xyw Ncn-{X-]-c-ambn
hfsc hen-sbmcp apt--am-bncpp. ]s, AtXm- s Smw
Xs AXv ASn- a - - n\pw
kzIm-cy-kz-n-\p-samw tNv
]pXn-sbmcp bpKn\v XpSw
Ipdn-p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Cpw
\ne- \ np- Xv B bpK- a mWv.(1)ASn-a hyh-nXnbpsS
Bhn`m- h - t msS amXr- { ][m\kaqlw ]pcp-jt- a-[m-hn-Xz-]c-ambn amdn-b-sX-s\ FmWv
FwKkv ChnsS hni-Zo-I-cn-p-Xv. h-hn-`-P-\w, k-\pw
Zcn-{Z-\p-sa \ne-bnepw NqjI\pw Nqjn-X-\p-sa \ne-bn-epap hn`- P - \ w, \ne- \ npthmfw Cu ]pcp-j-ta-[m-hn-Xz-kaqlw \ne-\np--sapw Atlw Nqn-m-p-p. alm-\mb
se\n\pw apX-em-fn hyh-nXn-bn kv{XoI t\cn-Sp ASn- a - e ns {]iv \ w N
sNbvXpsImv Cs\ ]dp:

Ghpw hnI-kn-X-am-bh DssS-bp Fm ]cn-jvIr-X-cm-Py-fn-epw kv{XoI-fpsS ]Zhn ho-Sna


Fv hnti-jn-n-m-hp HmWv. Hscm apX-em-fn cmPy-pw,
Ghpw kzX-{-amb dn-n-n
t]mepw, kv { Xo kq- a mb
XpeyX A\p-`h
- n-p-n-...sXmgnem-fn-I-fpsS tamN\w sXmgn-em-fnI Xs t\Sn-sb-Sp-t--XmsWv \mw ]d-bp-p. AXp-t]m-se,
sXmgn-em-fn-kv{Xo-I-fpsS tamN\w
sXmgn-em-fn-kv{Xo-I Xs t\Snsb-Sp-t--Xm-Wv.(2) alm-\mb
kJmhv men\pw Cs\ ]dp: Ncn-{X-n Ctmfw \S-

n-p an-X-P-\-X-bpsS almb apt- - - f n Hpt]mepw Azm-\n-p kv{XoIfpsS ]m-fnw IqSmsX \S-nn-.(3) kJm---tf, Dm-Z-t\m]m-[n-I-fpsS DS-a--X-sb ASnm\sSpn amXr-{]-[m-\-kaqlw ]pcp-j-ta-[m-hn-Xz-]-c-ambn
amdn-b-sX--s\-sbv amIvknkw--se-\n-\nkw am{Xta hni-ZoI-cn-n-p-p. Dm-Zt- \m-]m-[n-I
kzp-Sa
-
- X
- b
- psS D]m-[n-bm-bno-cp-I-bpw, ASn-a hyh-nXn-bpsS ]ndhn Ipdn-p-sImv
ASn-a--D-Sa k{-Zmbw \ne-hn
hcn-Ibpw sNbvXt- XmsS amXr-{][m- \ - k - a qlw ]pcp- j - t a- [ mhnXz]c- a mbn amdn. apX- e m- f ns Xqs-dn-bp--Xn-eqsS
h-Nq-jW
-
- n\v An-ah
- n-cm-aan-Sp-tm am{Xta Cu ]pcp-jta-[m-hn-Xzhpw Ah-km-\n-p-Ib
- pp-shv amIvknkw \s ]Tnn-p-p.

CUy kml-Ncyw
Cu ]m-e
-
- n \psS
cmPys kml-Ncyw ]cn-tim-[nmw. CUy \thm- m\w
Bcw-`n-Xv cmPm dmw taml tdmbn---tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bm-sWv \ndn-bmw. Fm, At-l-n\v
{]Ir- X y- X oX in- I - f n- e p
hnizm-k-n \ntm Bo-bhm- Z - ] - c - a mb ho- W - n
\ntm ]q-ambpw kzX-{-\mIm Ign-n-. Atlw thZm-nepw k-i
- a
- mb {_nepw hniz-kn-n-cp-p. ]s,
Atlw ]ptcm-Ka
- \
- ]
- c
- a
- mb Nne
]cn-jvIm-c- \S-nh-cp-n.
`m-
- m-cpsS arX-tZ-lt- msSmw `mcy-amscbpw Poh-t\msS
Zln-n-n-cp kXn F Ip{]kn--amb BNm-c-n-s\-Xnsc
Atlw s]mcp-Xn. dmw taml-s\p-Sp-h hnZym-km-K-dmWv
\psS cmPys BZys atXXc am\-h-hm-Zn. thZm-w, KoX,
thZ- XpS-nb Fm aX-]c
- amb {]am-W
- s
- fbpw BZy-ambn
Xn--dXv At-l-am-bn-cpp. CsXmpw kXy- a - s v
Atlw
Dun- - d - p.
CsXmw Xf- f n- - f - nv
imkv{Xo-bh
- n-Zym-`ymkw Gs-Sp-W-sav Atlw hmZn-p.
`uXn-I-hm-Z-]-c-amb Nn-bpsS
{]m[m\yw Atlw FSp-p-]-dp. Atlw Hcp At-bhmZn AYhm `uXn-I-hmZn Bbncp-p. Atlw hn[-hm-hn-hm-ln\v thnbpw ssi-ih
-- h
- n-hm-ln\pw _lp-`m-cym-Xz-n\pw
FXn-scbpw t]mcm-Sn. kv{Xo-If
- psS
hnZym-`ym-k
- n\v thnbpw atXX-ch
- n-Zym-`ymkw Bhn-jI
v c
- n-p-Xn\v thnbpw Atlw {]bXv\n-p. ]pcp-j-ta-[m-hn-Xz-]-camb Pn-Xz-k-aq-l-n \npw
ISp FXnp-Isf t\cn-tS-nh Atlw thZ- \ - t bmsS
Cs\ ]dp: `m-
- m
acn-p--tXmsS kv{XoI Poh\n-m {]Xn-aI
- f
- mbn amdp-p-shmWv \n hnNm-cnpXv.
Ahv ]ns thZ- \ tbm
ZpxJtam Hp- a n- , i- a mb
ssPhnI tNmZ- \ - I - s fmw
AtXmsS \nm\w sNs- S p- p, Fn- - s \...- F {X

ZpxJ-I-c-amb Imcy-am-Wn-Xv. ]pcpj-mv bmsXmcp A\p-I


- b
- pan-m-, bmsXmcp \-bp-an-m, \ymbm-\ymb hnth-N-\-an-m, \-Xn--I Xn Xncn-dn-hn-m-, hnth-I-an-m- Hcp
cmPy-v; ]pcp-j-m-cpsS Htcsbmcp Npa-X-ebpw \bpw aX]-c-amb imk-\-fpw N-fpw
A\p-jT
v n-p-Is
- b-Xv am{X-am-bncn-p Hcp cmPyv \n`m-Kyh-Xn-I-fmb kv{XoI hp P\nm-Xn-cn--s.(4) {it-b-amb
asmcp Imcyhpw Atlw ]dp. amIvkn-stbm FwKknstbm Bi-b--fp-ambn ]cn-Nb-s-Sm Ah-kcw e`n-n-snepw Atlw Nqn- mn:
]pcp-j\v Zmky-the sNp
Xc-n-ep sXmb kmaqly
hyh- - b psS ^e- a m- b mWv
kv{XoI Xmc-Xt- ay\ Zp-ec
- mbn-cn-p-X
- .v (5) ]s, hnZym-kmK-dn\v tijw \psS cmPys
asmcp hnJym-X-hy-n-Xz-amb
hnth-Im-\- kml-N-cy-sf
t\ hn]- c o- X - Z n- i - b n amnop. Atlw tZio-b-XbpsS ]Xm-I-bp-bn-b-Xn-ssbmw Xs thZm--ns
sImSn-q-dbpw Dbp-Ib
- p-mbn. AXp-hgn ^e-n At-lw,
hnZym- k m- K XpSw Ipdn
kmaq-ly-k
- mw-kI
v m-cnI {]m-\ns apt- - n\v XSw
krjv S n- p- I - b mWv sNbv X - X v .
kv{XobpsS BZi-ambn hnth-Im\- Dbn-m-n-bs
- X-m-bn-cpp-shv t\mp-I. hnZym-`ym-ks- p- d nv N sNth
Atlw ]dp: CUy-bnse
kv{XoI koX-bpsS Imev]mSpI ]np-SmWv hfp-htcXv. A\n-X-c-km-[m-c-W-amb
hyn-Xz-amWv koX. bYm
CUy kv{XoXz-ns icnbmb amXr-I-bm-W-h. Fsm, ]q-X-sb-nb kv{Xosb--n-bp CUy BZi-sfmw koX-bpsS B Hscm-
Pohn-X
- n \nv hfp-h
- np- - X m- W v . .. AhnsS Ah
Fp-ap-m-Ipw, Cu t{ijvTb
- mb
koX; hnip-n-sb-m hnipn
XnI-h
- f
- m-bn, a-bpsS ]cymb-am-bn, kl-\-ns ]cym-bambn ...-\-p--sS kv{XoIsf B[p\o-I-cn-m--\p GsXmcp bXv\hpw, Ah- s c koX- b psS Cu
BZi-n \nv hyXn-N-ennpXm-sW-n, AXv DS
]cm- P - b - s - S pw. \mw \ntXy\
Ip-sImncnp-Xv AXmWv.(6) C\n, CtX hnj-b-n,
{]apJ tZiob t\Xm- h mb
KmnPn Fp ]d-n-cn-p-pshv t\mmw: ]pcp- j \pw
kv{Xobpw ]c-k]
v c
- ]
- q-cI
-
- f
- m-W.v
_mly-{]-hr-n-I-fn ]pcp-j\mWv ]c-tam--X-m-\w. AXn\m AXp-kw-_-nv Ah\v
IqSp-X m\-ap-m-bn-cn-tXv Bh-iy-am-Wv. IpSpw-_-PohnXw kq-ambpw kv{XobpsS
aWvU-e-am-Wv. A-Xn-\m KmlnI Imcy- - f n, Ipn- I sf
hfn- s m- p- h - c p- - X nepw
Ah- c psS hnZym- ` ym- k - nepw
kv{XoIv IqSp-X m\-apm-tI-X
- p-v. Cu ASn-m-\-

X- z- sf kw_- np
hnth-N\
- ]
- q-amb [mc-Wt- bm-SpIq-Sn-b ]mTy-]-Xn cq]-s-Spp- - s X- n ]pcp- j - s bpw
kv{Xobp-sSbpw Pohn-X-ns
kq-amb hf kmyamn-om Ign-bmsX hcpw...
koX-bn \npw {Zu]-Xn-bn
\npw, kmhn-{Xn-bn \npw Zab-n-bn \np-sam-s-bm-Wv...
Cs kv{XoIv [otcm-NnX-amb s]cp-am--n\p Icppw am-Zi-\hpw Bnm Ign-bp-I.(7) C\n, CUy \thm-m-\
- nse asmcp
kp{]-[m\ hyn-Xz-amb cho-{\mYv SmtKm- d ns hmp- I
Rm D-cnmw. kv{XoI-fpsS
hnZym- ` ym- k - s - n Atlw
]dp: kv{XoI-fpsS imco-cnI
LS-\bpw a\-ns {]Ir-Xhpw
]pcp-j
- m-cp-tS-Xn \nv `n-amb-Xn-\m, Ah-cpsS {]h-\a-WvU-e-fpw kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw
hyXy-kX
v a
- m-W.v FXnn-t-Xmb
Hcp {]-h-WX aqew kv{XoI-fn
Hcp hn`mKw Cu ASn- m- \ kXyw AwKo-I-cn-m Iqm-pn-. kv{XoI-fp-sSbpw ]pcp-j
- mcp-sSbpw {]h-\a
- W
- U
v e
-
-
Hp- X - s - b m- b n- c n- - W - s av
Ah hmZn-p-p. AXv Dd-pIq-Snb ]cm-Xn-bpsS {]Im-i-\-amsX asm-p-a-. ]pcp-j-m
Ah-cp-tS-Xmb {]h-\-a-WvUe-f
- nse km[-\b
- n-eqsS hnhn[
Xpd- I - f n ta[m- h n- X z- ] - c - a mb
m\-f
- n-se-n-bn-cn-p-p-sh-XmWv Cu ]cm-Xnv Imc-Ww.
adp-hi
-
- v, kv{XoI an-hmdpw
Fm taJ-e-I-fn-epw, ]pcpjs\
A\p-kc
- nv \S-m _my-cm-bn-cn-p-p. Cu A\p-k-cW
A\n-hm-cy-am-sWv Ah Icp-Xpn-. ]pcp-j-m kv{XoI-fpsS
arZphmb {]Ir- X - n- s \- X nsc
Xs A[n-Imcw {]tbm-Kn-p-Xn-eq-sS, Ahsc A-hn-izm-k-fn IpSpn ASn-a-I-fm-n-hn-p-s-n, ]ns kv{XoI-fpsS
ASn-aw kzm`m-hn-I-am-sWv
k-Xn-t-n-h-cpw. kv{XoIsf
kw_-n-n-S-tmfw Abpw
`mcy-bp-am-hp-Is
- b-Xv kzm`m-hn-Iamb Imcy-am-sW-X
- mWv {][m-\Im-cyw. ]s, ASn-aw Ahsc
kw_-n-n-S-tmfw Hcn-epw
kzm`m-hn-Iamhp-Ib
- n-. kv{XoI
{]IrXym kvt\l-k
-
- cpw arZpe-hn-Im-c
- f
- p-h
- c
- p-am-Wv. Ah
As\ Bbn-cp-n-s-n IpnIsf hfn-sm-p-h-cmt\m
IpSpw-_-sf Hn-p-\nmt\m km[n-p-am-bn-cp-n-. kv{XoI-fpsS Cu kvt\l-ab
- a
- mb {]IrX- n\v kaqlw Fm- e hpw
{]m[m-\yw \In-bn-p-v. AXn\m, kaq-lt- m-Sp kv{Xo-bpsS D-c-hm-Znw kvt\-lhpw
hm-e
-- yhpw \IpI F-XnsbmWv IpSn-sIm-f-fp--Xv.
adp--h-i-v, ]pcp-js Imbn-Iamb Icp-n-\mWv kaqlw Du \In-bn-p--Xv. AXn-\m,
]pcp--j-m-cpsS D-c-hm-Znw
IpSn--s Im- p- Xv X- f psS
Icpv sImv kaq-ls kwcn-pI F-Xn-em-Wv.(8) hnth-

Im-\-\pw Kmn-Pnbpw SmtKmdpw


kv{XoIsf kw_-nv Htc ImgvN-

m-SmWv hp-]p-en-bn-cp--sXpw, AXv hnZym-km-Kdns ImgvNm-Sn\v t\ hn]-co-Xa- m-bn-cp-p-shp-amWv CXv ImWn-p-X


- v. am\h- h m- Z nbpw hn- h - I m- c n- b p- a mb
kmln-Xy-Im-c ic-XvN{ NmPnbmWv ]nm-ev hnZym-km-Kdns Bi- b - sf aptmv
sImp- t ]m- h p- I bpw \bn- pIbpw sNbv X - X v . hnth- I m- \ - sbpw Kmn-Pn-bp-sSbpw cho-{\m-Yn-sbpw ImgvN-m-Sns\ \nb{n-n-cp-Xv Bo-b-hm-Zhpw aX]-chpw ]c--cm-K-X-hp-amb hnizmk--fp-am-bn-cp--tm, hnZym-kmK- d n- s bpw ic- X v N - { - s bpw
hoWw imkv{Xo-bhpw `uXn-Ihm-Z]c-hp-am-bn-cp-p. kzmX-{yk-a-c-ns Imev kv{XoI
AXn
]s- S p- - W tam
thtbm F {]iv\s A[nI-cnv Hcp hnhm-Za
- p-m-bn. bmYmn-Xn-Icpw ]mc--cy-hm-Zn-Ifpw
kv{XoI kzmX-{y-k-a-c-n
]s-Sp-p--Xns\ FXnp.
A\-\p-c-RvP-\-\n-e-]m-Sp-m-bncp {]apJ t\mh-env ic-XvN{ kv{XoI kzmX-{y-k-a-cn ]s-Sp-pXns\ inbpw ]np- W - p- s Imv
Cs\ ]dp: cmPy-ns
kzmX- { y- n\v ]pcp- j - m- c psSbpw kv{XoI-fp-sSbpw tbmPn
{]bw Bh-iy-am-W.v As-n
bmsXmpw kmy--amIpI-bn-.
BIp-n-Ifpw s]Ip-n-Ifpw
Hnv {]hn- m- \ mbn
]pdv hm ]e tImWp-Ifn \n-pw A]-hm-Z{- ]-Nm-cW
- a
- pm-Ip-sav F\n-d
- n-bmw. Ah
As\ sNbvXpsIms. A]hmZw ]d-p-\-S-p Nne
Iqn-hn-fn-p-p-sh-X
- p-sImv
\mw {]h-\- Ah-km-\nn--Wtam? t]cpw s]cp-a-bpsav ]d-bs
- -Sp-Xv cmPy-n\v
thn Dt]-n-m Xm-d-m-hv XymK--f-\p-jvTn-pshv AhIm-is
- -Sm Fs\
km[npw?(9) kv{XoI-fpsS a\ns\ ]mc-c
- y-hm-Z
- ns Ne-s-p-I-fn \nv tamNn-nm klm-b-I-amb hne-s
]mT-fpw ic-XvN-{ \Ip-Ibp-m-bn. tij-{]iv\w F
Xs hnJym-X-amb t\mh-en
Atlw Cu hnjbw N
sNp-p. AXn Atlw ]dbpp: Pohn-X-nse \nc-h[n
kw`-h--fn Hv am{X-amWv
hnhm-lw, AXn-hn-sm-pa-.(10) XpSv Atlw ]dbpp: Ipp-sf {]k-hnm thn am{X-ap--h-cmWv
`mcy- a m Fv hn[n- - h
kv{XoIsf A]-am-\n-p-p-shv
am{X-a-, Ah kzw hfbpsS am- n XS- -
krjv S n- p- I bpw IqSn sNpp.(11) ]p{X\v Pw \Im
thn am{X-ap--h-fmWv `mcy
F {]am- W s Atlw
in- b pw
FXnp.
Atlw ]dp: hm-`-amb
]Z- sImcp-sm-cp-nb B`c- W - AWn- b n- p- s Imv ,
(tijw t]Pv 11-)

bqWnn

11

amv 2013

Ime-l-c-W-s Bi-b--fn \npw tamN\w t\SpI


(t]Pv 10 \nv XpS)

Pohn-X-km-m-XvImcw IpSn-sImp-Xv A-bm-Ip-X


- n-em-sWv
{]Jym-]n-p--h kv{Xok-aq-ls-sbm-msI hn-p-Ib
- mWv
sNbvXn-p--Xv.(12) Rm a\-nem-n-bn-S-tmfw, ic-XvN-{
ChnsS Ah-Xc
- n-n Cu hnI-knX-amb Bi-b- ]mmXy
\thm- m- \ - I me kmln- X yntmepw ImWp-Ib
- n-. alm\mb amIvknv Zmi-\n-I
kJmhv in_vZmkv tLmjv icXvN{- s\ henb aXn-tm-sS-bmWv
In-cp-s
- Xv \n-dn-bmw.
CUy \thm-m-\
- n hnpho-gvN-bn-m am\-h-hmZ \ne]mSv ssIsm Nn-I Fv
kJmhv tLmjv At- l s
hne-bn-cp-p-Ib
- p-m-bn. ic-XvN{s Nn-I tkmjy-env
hn- h - ns Bi- b - - t fmSv
hfsc ASp- s - n- b n- c pp
Fpw Atlw Nqn mn.
A-s\, CUy \thm-m-\n ]c-kv]-c-hn-cp---fmb
cv [mc-I-fp-m-bn-cp-p-shv
\nv ImWmw. hnth-Im-\\pw Kmn-Pnbpw cho-{-\m-Ypam-bn-cpp Hns hm-.
at- [mcsb Dbn-n-Sn-Xv
hnZym- k m- K dpw ic- X v N - { - \ pw.
CXn BZy-t-Xm-bn-cpp {]_e-[m-c. CUy kzmX-{y-{]m-\s \bn-Xv hy-amb
cmjv{So-b- k
- m-aqly Imc--W
- f
- m
Pn--tmSpw Bo-b-hm-ZtmSpw A\p-c-RvP-\-]-c-amb
\ne-]mSv ssIsm CUy
_qjzm-kn-bm-bn-cp-p F-XmWv
AXn\v Imc- W w. AXn- \ m
Ah hnth-Im-\
- s
- bpw KmnPn-bp-sSbpw cho-{-\m-Yn-sbpw
ho-Ws ]np-Wb
-
v p-Ibpw
apn- t e- b v m- \ - b n- p- I bpw
sNbvXp. icn-bmb amIvknv
]mn-bpsS A`mhw aqew Av
Cu an sXmgn-em-fn-h hnh- { ]- m\w Dm- b n- c p- n- .
Iyq-Wn-p-I-sfv kzbw AhIm-is
- -n-cp I]S amIvkn-pI hnZym-km-K-dn-sbpw ic-XvN{-sbpw ImgvN
- m-Sns\ Dbnn-Sn-n-. XXv^e
- a
- mbn CUy
at\m-L-S-\, AXv {Kma--fnse
\nc--c-cmb _lp-P-\--fpsS
Imcy-n am{X-a-, \K-c-fnse hnZym-`ym-k-hn-N--W-mcps-sS-bp--h-cpsS at\m-L-S\, apJy- a mbpw hnth- I m- \ - sbpw Kmn-Pn-bp-sSbpw cho-{\m-Yn-sbpw ho-W--\pk-cnv cq]o-Ir-X-am-bn-op.
A`y- k v X - h n- Z y- c mb Bfp- I
t]mepw kv{XoI-sf-p-dnv h-p]p-ep at\m-`m-hs \n-bn-Xv AXm-Wv.
Cs CUybpw hyXy-kvXa-
Cpw \mw CXmWv Ip-sImn-cn-p--Xv. CUy kzmX{y-k-a-c-ns cmjv{So-b-hiw
Rm N sNp-n-. Hcp hiw
am{Xw N sNm-\mWv Rm\m{K-ln-p-X
- v. AXm-bX
- v, Amev Hcp icn-bmb amIvknv
t\XrXzw Dcp-n-cn-p-h-n-cpp-sh-n kml-Ncyw CXn
\npw hyXy-kX
v a
- m-Ip-am-bn-cp-p.
B t\XrXzw hnZym-km-Kdpw icXvN-{\pw Dbnb atX-Xc

am\-hh
-- m-Z
- ns ]XmI Dbnn-Sn-p-am-bn-cpp; B [mc-bpsS
XpS-bm-bpw, Fm Ime-Lw
amdp--Xp-aqew A\n-hm-cy-am-bnp _-hn-t-Zt- m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bpw,
IqSp-X D-X-amb sXmgn-em-fnh kwkv I m- c - n\v Pw
\Ip-am-bn-cp-p. Fm, AXv
kw`-hn-Xv ]nm-e-m-Wv
tImSm-\p-tImSn hcp an-Xc
- mb
sXmgn-em-fn-I-fp-sSbpw Ij-I-cpsSbpw km[m-cW
- P
- \
-
- f
- p-sSbpw
kv{XoI-fp-sSbpw Iocpw s\Sphopw \psS cmPys
bYm amIvknv t\Xr-Xzn\v Pw \In-b-tm. B
t\XrXzw aq-cq]w ssIsmXv alm-\mb sXmgn-em-fn-h
t\Xmhv kJmhv in_v Z mkv
tLmjn- e q- s S- b m- W v . kJmhv
in_v Z mkv tLmjv Cu bpKnse Ghpw Db hn-h{]-Xy-b-im-kv{X-sa \ne-bn
amIvknkw se\n-\n-ks
kzoI-cn-p. \psS cmPy-ns
aq-km-l-N-cy-nepw \ne-hnen-cp kaq km-tZ-iob
kml- N - c y- nepw icn- b mbpw
aq-ambpw AXns\ {]tbm-Kn hcp-n. B {]{In-b-bneqsS Atlw amIvkn-kw--se\n-\n-ks IqSp-X hnI-kn-np-Ibpw hn]p-eo-I-cn-p-Ibpw
k- - a m- p- I bpw sNbv X p.
amIvkn-kw-se-\n-\n-k-ns
[mc-Wsb ]pXn-sbmcp am\-nte-bvp-bn. \mw kJmhv
in_vZm-ktv Lmjv Nn Fv hnfnp-Xv B [mc-W-sb-bm-Wv.
sXmgn- e m- f n- h kwkv I m- c sbpw [mn- I - X - s bbpw
kw_-n-p Ghpw hnI-knX- a mb [mc- W bpw Atlw
{]Zm\w sNbvXp. amIvkn-ks
ASn-m-\a- m-n-smv Atlw
CUy- b nse kv{XoI- t fmSv
]dp: kaqlw Hcn- amXr{]-[m-\h
- p-am-bn-cp-p. Irjn BhnjvI-cn--s--Xn\v tijw kzImcy-kz-ns {]iv\-ap-Zn--Xn-s\p-Sv kaqlw ]pcp-jt- a-[m-hnXz-]c
- a
- mbn amdn. Irjn Bhn-jvIcn- - s - - X n\v tijw ]pcp- j mv Dm- Z - \ - n- t epw
sXmgnhn-`-P-\-n-tepw AhcpsS B[n-]Xyw m]n-m
km[n-p. ... AXp-ap-X kv{XoIfpsS taepff ASn- - a
Bcw-`n-p. ... Av ZoL-Im-etmfw kv{XoIfpw ]pcp-jmcpw
Xn ISp t]mcm-- \Sp. ... kaq-l-n ]pcp-j-ta[m- h nXzw AwKo- I - c n- m
kv { XoIsf \nnX- c m- nopI F ey-tmsS
Cu t]mcmw XpSp. ]s,
Imew IS-p-t]m-b-tm AtX
kv{XoIv Xs B B[n-]Xy-n\v hg-n-sm-Sp-t-Xmbn hp.(13) XpSv Atlw

Iqn- t p: ]pcp- j - mcpw


kv { XoIfpw cp Iqcpw
tNmWv a\p-jy-ka- q-la- p-m-Ip-Xv. AXn-\m, kmaq-ly-]p-tcm-KXnpw kmaq-ly-hn-Im-k-n\pw
kmaq-ly-hn--h-n\pw
thnbp t]mcm--n ]pcpj\v ]v hln-m-\p-s--Xpt]mse Xs, Xpey- a mb ]v

kv{Xopw hln-m-\p-v...Cu
hn-h-n-em-Wv, AXm-bXv apX-emfn- - ns B[n- ] - X y- n
\npw Nqj-W-n \np-ap
tamN\w ssIh-cn-p--Xn-em-Wv,
]pcp-js- bpw AXp-t]mse Xs
kv{Xobp-sSbpw tamN\w IpSn-sImp--Xv. AXn-\m ]pcp-j\pw
kv{Xobpw Hcp-t]mse Cu t]mcm-n tNtc--Xp-v. ay-hn s]Sp kv{XoI, Ijkv { Xo- I , sXmgn- e m- f n- h
kv { XoI Cs\ kaq- l ns Fm Xp-If- nepw s]Sp
kv{XoIsf kw_-n-pw CXv icnbm-Wv. \n k-i-nbpw
kam-lc- nv Cu t]mcm-
- n tNcpI. hntam- N - \ - n- t e- b v p
bYm ]mX CXv am{X-am-Wv.
asmcp ]mX-bn-.(14) CXmWv
kJmhv in_vZmkv tLmjv \Inbn-p am-\nt-iw. Rm
hn-cn-p-Xv \n-fpsS t\Xmhn- h nsS kqNn- n- - X p- t ]mse
\nv am-\ntiw \Im\-. kJmhv in_vZmkv tLmjv
\In-bn-p am-\nt-is
ASn-m-\-s-Spn am{X-amWv
Rm kwkm-cn-p-X.v At-lw,
\psS cmPyv BZy- a mbn,
kv{XoI-fpsS hntam-N-\-tm-cm-ns amw hc-p-Im-n. ]s,
Hcp ap-dn-bnpw Atlw \IpI-bp-m-bn. Atlw ]dp:
]pcp-jt- a-[m-hn-Xz-]c
- a
- mb kaq-lns N-fpw hyh--Ifpw
ZoL-Im-ea
- mbn A\p-kcn-p-h
- Xns ^e-am-bn, Cv kv{XoIsf
kw_-n-n-St- mfw AsXms
A\p-kc
- n-p-Is
- b-Xv Ah-cpsS
ioe-ns `mK-am-bn-on-cnp-p. Cu N-fpw hyh-Ifpw A-hn-izm-k
- f
- psS cq]n kv{XoI-fpsS Pohn-X
- ns
Hgn-p-Iq-Sm-\m-hm `mK-f
- mbn
amdn-bn-cn-p-p. A-s\-sbm-ch
- - b n- e mWv Cv kv { XoI
sNs-n-bn-cn-p--Xv. Cv
kv{XoI Xs Ccw Ahn-izm--v Cc-If
- m-bn-oncn-p-p. AXn-\m, ]e hi-fnepw kv{XoI- f psS kzmX{yn\v kv { XoI Xs
FXncv \np-X
- mbn ImW-sSp-p.(15)

kv{XoI Ime-l-c-W-s
Bi-b--fn IpSp-n-n-S-pp
Fp-sIm-m-WnXv kw`-hnp-Xv? CUy \thm-m-\ns {]apJ [mc aX-hp-ambn
kn-sN-bX
v X
- p-aq-ea- mWv Cs\
kw`-hn-p--Xv. kv{XoI ]pcpjmsc tkhn-m thn P\n-hc
- m-sW-pw, AXmWv Ah-cpsS
tam-am-sa-p-amWv Fm aX{K-
- fpw ]pcm-WI
- Y
- I
- fpw ]dbp--Xv. ASn-a kaq-ln
XpSn Pn--n-eqsS apX-emfn- - n- s en \np
Cs Lw-h-sc-bp Bbnc--W-mb hj-fmbn ]pcpj-ta-[m-hn-Xz-k-aqlw kv{XoI-sf
ASn--an-sm-n-cn-p-I-bmWv. Cu ASn- - a - e ns\
ktm-j-]qw kln-m-\p
hnZym-`ym-k-amWv Bbn-c--Wn\v sIm-f
- mbn kv{XoIv

e`n-p-sIm-n-cn-p--Xv. Aam Ah-cpsS s]a-s


- f, apn-am t]c-n-Sm-sf As\
]Tn-n-p-sIm-n-cn-p-Ib
- m-W.v ASp Xe-ap-dbpw AXm-hn-pp. Hcp s]Ip-n-bpsS ssiihw apX Xs Cu hnZym-`ymkw
Bcw-`n-p-p. s]Ip-n-tbm-Sv,
Fsm-s-bm-bmepw Ah Hcp
s]m-sW-pw, Ahsf hnhmlw
Ign-n--b-bvt--Xm-sW-pw,
Ah- f psS Pohn- X - n Hcp
`mhv hcp- s a- p- s ams
]dv ]Tn-n-p-p. AXn-\m
Ah A-s\-bp-an--s\-bpsampw \S- p- I q- S m, AhnjvSs--Xp-t]mse s]cp-am-dnq-Sm, ktmjw hmepw s]mnn-cn-p-Iq-Sm. `m-hns CwKnX-n-\\
- p-kc
- nv {]hn-m
Ign-bpw-hn[w ]mIs-Sp--s-,
A\p-kc
- W
- bpw tkh-\k
-
-
- X
- bp-ap `mcy-bm-Im thn Xmsd- S p- p- I - s b- Xv am{X- a mWv
Ahv sNm-\p--Xv. Ah
A- b m- t I- - h - f m- W v . AXpw
BIp-n-If
- p-sS; s]Ip-n-If
- psS-b-.
]p{X-mv kzmKXw. ]p{Xn-am th. AX-t]mse
Xs, hnhmlw \S-n-s-n
Xs PohnXw \inp Fv Nnnm\pw s]Ip-p-sf ]Tnp-p. adp-h-i-v, Ahn-hm-lnX-bm-bn-cn-p-Is
- b-Xv kv{Xosb
kw_-n-n-S-tmfw _pn-app Imcy-hp-am-Wv. Ahsf Bcv
kwc-n-p-sa-, {]tXy-Inpw
{]mb-ambn BtcmKyw bn-p-Ign-bp-tm Bcv kwc-n-psa, _p-an-{Xm-Zn-If
- psS tNmZys Ahv A`n-ap-Jo-Ic
- n-tn- h - c pw. Atm Ah- f psS
`mhn- s b- mIpw F- X mWv
tNmZyw. sshhm-ln-IP
- o-hn-X
- n
Ah Hcp Ipns A-bmbn- s - n, {]tXy- I npw Hcp
BIp-ns A-bm-bn-sn, AXns t]cn Ah
i]n--s-Sp-Ibpw Ah-tl-f-\n\pw ]oU-\-n\pw Cc-bm-IpI- b pw, Fn\v sIm- s - S pI
t]mepw, sNp-p. Xs sshhmln-IP
- o-hnXw XnI ]cm-Pb
- a
- msWtm X\nv Hcp A-bmIm km[n-p-n-stm ImWptm, Nne-tm kv{Xov a\ns ka-\ne \jvS-s-Sp-p.
Ah B-l-Xy-bn A`-bwtX-SpI t]mepw sNp-p. Hcp
kv{Xo Aym-]n-I, tUmIvS,
imkv{X-, km-n-Ii
- m-k{v XIm-cn, cmjv{So-b{- ]-hI Fn-s\-bp GsX-nepw \nebn hnPbw hcn-p-shv hcmw.
Atmtmepw, Hcp `mcy-bmIm\pw A-bm-Im\pw X\nv
Ign-bp-n-s-n asm hnPbhpw hy-am-sWv Ahfpw
ap- - h cpw Icp- X p- p. Xs
kv{XoXzw k^-ea
- m-bn F-h
Icp-Xp-p. CXmWv Cv \ne\np at\m-`m-hw. Bbn-c
- W-n\v hj--fmbn Ccw
hnizmkw kv{XoI-fpsS tImi-fn, cm-Wp-f
- n, a-bn,
amwk-n Aen-p-tNn-cnp- I - b m- W v . Acw BNm- c fpw ioe-fpw Ah-cpsS Pohn- X ns Ahn- ` m- P y- ` m- K - a m- b non- c n- p- p. kl- P m- h t_m[w sIms- - t ]mse

Ahv As\ tXmp-p.


Ccw Bi-b
- {]N-cn-n-pIbpw kv{XoXz-s-
- n-bp Cu
[mc-Wsb {]Ion-p-Ibpw
sNbvXp- s Imv kv{Xosb
Fspw Cu at\m-`m-h-n
Xf-n-Sm Dt-in-p-sIm-p
Km\- pw \mS]m- pIpw \mS-I
- pw ssIbpw
IW-p-an-.

N--e-I s]mn-s-dnbpI
AXn-\m, Cu N-e-I
s]mn-s-dn-bW
- s
- a-n Kuc-hm-hl-amb {]Xy-bi
- m-k{v X-k
- mw-kI
v mcnI kacw A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv. {]tab- ssIsm-p--Xp-sImtm ]pkvXI
-
- {]kn-o-Ic
- np--Xp-sImtm {]kw-K-
\S- p- - X p- s Imtm am{Xw
\nv kv{XoIsf Cu ASn-aa-t\m-`m-h-n \nv tamNn-nm Ign-bn-. kv{Xohn-tam-N-\n-\m-bp t]mcmw Bcw-`nv
aptmv sImp-t]m-IW
- s
- a-n
AXn\v Bg-n-ep [mc-Wbpw
hnm-\hpw \no-a-amb abpw ntcm- m- l hpw \bX{Xbpw Bh-iy-am-Wv.
C-Uy AXn-hn-im-e-amb Hcp
cmPy-am-W.v \nv Zi-e
-
- W-n\v hcp kv{XoIsf hnZym`ymkw sNn-t-X
- p-v. ap-hsc hnZym-`ymkw sNn--W-san BZyw \nXs hnZym`ymkw t\tS-Xv Bh-iy-am-Wv.
amIv k n- k w- - s e- \ n- \ n- k - s a
imkv{X-ns Ghpw hnI-knX
[mc- W - b mb kJmhv in_v Z mkvtLmjv Nn icn-bmbn {KlnmsX \nv Cu ImgvN
- mSv
ssIh-cp-Ib
- n-. ]pcp-j
- m XfpsS `mcy-amsc _-\
- c
- m-nbn-cn-p-thmfw Imew Ahpw
tamN- \ - a p- m- h p- I - b n Fv
kJmhv in_vZmkv tLmjv ]pcpjmscbpw Hmn-n-p-I-bpm-bn. ]pcp-jt- a-[m-hn-Xz-]c
- a
- mb
at\m-`m-h
- n \nv kzX-{-\mIm-n-S-tmfw Imew Hcmv
Iyq-Wn-kvm-Im kmy-a-.
AXpw ZpjvI-c-am-sbmcp ka-c-amWv. hnhm-l-n\v tijw ]pcpj `mcysb Xs kzmbn
ImWp-p. `mcy-bpw, Xs icochpw asmw `m-hn\v \In-gn-X
- n-\m Xm Abm-fpsS
kzm-bn-on-cn-p-p-shv
hnNm-cn-p-p. kv{Xo AI--f-fnepw ASp-f-bnepw InS--dbnepw Ipp-sf t]mnbpw
ho-Sn-a-bmbn Pohn-p-sIm--Wsa Bibw {]_- e - a m- W v .
Uln-bn 23 hb-p Hcp
s]Ipn {Iqc- a mbn Iq- _ emkw- K - n- \ n- c - b mb kw`hs ]cm-ain-sh, lnp aXau-en-Ih
- m-Zn-{]-m-\a
- mb B.-Fkv.F
- k
- ns Xe-h taml `KhXv GXm\pw Znhkw apv Cu
at\m-`m-ha
- mWv {]I-Sn-n-X
- .v Atl-ns A`n-{]m-b-a-\p-k-cn-v,
\K-c--fnepw ]-W--fn-ep-ap
kv{XoI eva-W-tc-J, AXmbXv ]c--cm-KX Bi-b--fpsSbpw hne-p-I-fp-sSbpw tcJ,
IS-p--Xn-eqsS {]iv\-sf
Wn-p-h-cp-p-I-bm-Wv.
Atlw `mc-Xo-bk
- {v Xo-I Fv
hnti-jn-n {KmaoW kv{XoI(tijw t]Pv 12-)

12

bqWnn

amv 2013

apX-em-fn-s Xqs-dn-bp--Xn-eqsS am{Xta kv{Xohn-tam-N\w km[y-amIq


(t]Pv 11 \nv XpS)

fpsS Imcy-n Cs\ kw`hn-p-n--t{X. ap-hm-p-I-fn


]d- m, ]pcp- j - t a- [ m- h nXz
kaqlw ASn-t-ev]n-n-p hopX-S
- e
- n-tXmb tcJ adn-IS-
- m
{ian-m ^ew _emkw-Khpw
Iq-_-emkw-Khpw Ah-tl-f\hpw ]oU-\hpw, Fn\v sIme]m-XIw t]mepw, BImw. hoSv hnv
]pd-vt]m-Im--hcpw {Kma-fn
Pohn- p- - h - c p- a mb
kv{XoI _emkw-K-n\pw
Iq-_e
- mkw-K
- n\pw Ah-tlf- \ - n\pw ]oU- \ - n\pw
Kmln-I-]o-U-\-n-\p-sampw
hnt[-bc
- m-Ip-n Fv tXmpw
CXv tIm.
Cu at\m- ` mhw amm- \ pw,
m]n-X-Xm-ev]-cy-m-cp-tS-Xmb
Ccw
Zpjn
Bi- b sfsbmw apqSpw ]cm-Pb
- s
- Sp-m\pw Xo{h-amb {]Xy-b-imkv{X-k
- mw-kvIm-cnI {]m-\a
- mWm- h - i yw. AXn- \ m \apv
kv{XoIn-S-bn \nv \
sskm- n- I - s cbpw Ign- h p
{]Nm-c-I-scbpw \ kwLm-S-Iscbpw Bh-iy-ap-v. \n-fpsS
Bi-b
- Iem-]c
- amb amy-an- e qsS P\- n- S - b n
sIms-n-p--Xn\v thn
\n \mS-I-fpw Km\--fpsams krjvSn--Ww. \n
{Kmao- W - h - \ n- X - I sf Ah- c psS
Xs `mj-bn hnZym-`ymkw
sNn--Ww. Pohn-X-tm-Sp
aX-]-c-amb kao-]-\s A{X
Ffpw Cm-Xm-m Ign-bn-.
\op-\np {]Xy-bi
- m-k{v X-kmw-kvIm-cnI kacw AXn-\m-hiy-amWv. hhn-`P
- \w D Imetm-fw, `cn-p-h
- cpw `cn-s
- Sp-h
- cpw F, Nqj-Icpw NqjnX-cp-sa, hn`-P\w \ne-\npthmfw Imew `cn-p--h-cpsS
Bi-b-fpw \ne-\npw. a\pjyv Ah-cpsS kzw hn[nbn \nb- { Ww hcp- - X p- h scbpw a\p-jy Cn-p-p,
ssZhw Iev]n-pp F anep Bi-b
- \ne-\npw.
{]Ir-Xn-bnse {]Xn-`m-k--fpsS
]nn-ep \nKq-V-X-Isf A\mh-cWw sNm\pw kmaq-ly-hn-Imk- ns Ncn{Xw a\- n- e mm\pw klm-bn-p imkv{Xob-Nn a\-n thcp-d-n-p-Xp-h-sc-bpw, {]Ir-Xy-XoX inI-fnepw, Fm-n-sbpw ]nn
AZr-iy-ambn {]hn-p-sImv
Fm-n-s\bpw ]q-\nbw
sNp in-bnepw, ap-ap
hnizmkw \ne-\npw. AXpt]mse Xs, PohnXw Zp-lamb Zpcn-X
- fpw thZ-\I
- fpw \nd-Xm-bn-cn-p Ime-tm-fw,
Fm Zpcn-X--fn \npw XnI-fn \npw ap-hpw Af-h
ktmjw \nd--Xp-amb Hcp
]c-temI kz-s--n-bpff
\nKq- V - a mb Bibw Hcp
kmz\w t]mse P\- sf
BIjn-p-sIm-n-cn-pw.
Ccw aX-]-c-amb Bi-b-
apf-s]m-m-\p hkvXp-\n-jT
v a
- mb
ASn-dsbs Cm-Xm-m
tkmjy-env hn-h
- n\v am{Xta
km[n-q.

kv{Xohn-tam-N\w apXemfns
\njvIm-k\w sNp--Xp-ambn
_-s-n-cnpp
h-hn-`P
- n-Xa
- mb kaq-la
- mWv
aX-]c
- a- mb Nnbvv Pw \Ip-Xv. AtX kabw Cu {]Xy-bim-kv{X--kmw-kvIm-cnI ka-c-hpambn Hp-t]m-Ip _lp-P\
- {- ]tm-`- hfn-sb-Sp-m
\nv km[n- p- s a- n
AkwJyw hcp \n-lm-bc
- mb
kv{XoI-fps-sS-bp Bbn-c
- W-mb an-X-P-\-hn-`m-K-sf
icn-bmbn hnZym-`ymkw sNnm \nv Ign-bpw. B
{]{Inb ]pcp-j-ta-[m-hn-Xz-]-c-hpw
a-\]
- c
- hpamb Cu kaq-l
- n\v
Hcp FXni-n-bm-bn, {]Xn-]
- ambn (anti-thesis) hn-pw.
apX-em-fn-s \njvIm-k\w
sNbvXv tkmjy-enkw m]n-p-tXmsS ]pcp-j-ta-[m-hn-Xz-]-camb kmaq-ly-hy-h-sb CmXm-p {]{In-bbpw Bcw-`n-pw.
tkmjy- e n- k - n Iogn
kv{XoIv km-n-I-ambpw
cmjv{So-b-ambpw XpeyX e`n-psa-n-epw, D]-cn-L-S-\-bn ]pcpj-ta-[m-hn-Xz-]-c-amb at\m-`m-hns tijn- p- I \ne\npw. Acw at\m-`m-hs
]cn-]q-ambpw \nm\w
sNp-X
- n\v thn tkmj-en-kn Iognepw Kuc-h_
- p-n-tbmsSbpw \n-b-ZmVy-tm-sS-bpap kmwkvIm-cn-I--{]-Xy-b-imkv{X-k-acw A\n-hm-cy-am-Wv. CSX-S-hn-m Cu ka-c-{]-{In-bbn tkmjy-enkw F{X-am{Xw
apt-dp-pthm A{Xbpw thKw
D]-cn-L-S-\-bn \nv ]pcp-j-ta[m-hn-Xz-]c
- a
- mb at\m-`m-h
- ns
tijn-p-Ifpw XpS-p-\o-s
- -Spw.
BXy-n-I-ambn kaqlw IyqWn-k-n Fn-t-cp-tm,
Cu ]pcp-j-ta-[m-hn-Xz-a-t\m-`mhw
]cn-]q-ambpw XpS-p-am--s-ncn- pw. s^an- \ nv {]m- \ ns hm-fpw kv{XokzmX{yn\v thn hmZn-p-p.
]s, Ah ]pcp-j-ta-[m-hn-Xzk-aqlw bmZr-n-I-am-bp-m-b-Xspw Dm-Z-\-hy-h--bpsS
hf-bpsS {]{In-b-bn Hcp
\nn-X-L--n-em-WXv DS-se-SpXv Fp-ap hkvXp-Xsb
Ah-KW
- n-p-p. Rm t\cs
]d--Xp-t]mse, kaqlw h-

hn-`-Pn-X-am-b-tm amXr-{]-[m-\-kaqlw ]pcp-j-ta-[m-hn-Xz-k-aq-ln\v hgn-am-dp-I-bm-Wp-m-b-Xv.


h-hn-`-P\w Cm-Xm-Ip--Xp-hscbpw AX-s\ XpS-cp-Ibpw
sNpw. AXn-\m h-ka- c- s
Ah-K-Wn-pw, A{]-Xn-tcm-[y-amb
kmaq- l y- \ n- b - a - sXnsc
I- S pw sImv , ]pcp- j ms-Xnsc ap{Zm-hmIyw apg-pIbpw ]pcp-j-m A\p-`-hn-p-hcp Nne hnti-jm-h-Im-i--fn
]v ]p- - X n- s \- n kwhm- Z fpw skan-\m-dp-Ifpw \S-pIbpw sNp--Xn-eqsS Bpw
kv{Xohn-tam-N\w t\Sn-sb-Sp-m
kmy-a
- . kv{Xo hntam-Nn-Xb
- m-Ip-Xp-h-scbpw kzw hntam-N\hpw AI--Iv t]mIpw F

hkvXpX ]pcp-j
- mcpw a\-n-em-Ww. A-s\, sXmgn-em-fn-If
- psSbpw Ij-Ic
- p-sSbpw tamN-\w,
kaq-l-n-s-sbm-m-sI-bp
tamN- \ w, tamN- \ - n- \ m- b p
kv { XoI- f psS t]mcm- - h p- a mbn
_-s-n-cn-p-p. ]pcp-j
- mcpw
kv{XoIfpw Hnv tNv Cu
t]mcmw \S-t-X
- m-W.v kacw
apX-em-fn-h
- yh-n-XnsXn-scbm-bn-cn--Ww, AmsX ]pcp-jms-Xn-sc-bm-I-cp-Xv. AXn\m, kv{XoI-fpsS \ymb-amb
Bh- i y- - f p- b n- s mpw
kv{Xohn-tam-N-\-n\v thn-bpsams P\m- [ n- ] - X y- ] - c - a mb
kacw hfn-sb-Sp-p-tm
apJy-eyw apX-em-fn--n-s\Xn- c mb hn- h {]m\s
in-s-Sp-p-Is
- b-X
- m-bn-cn-Ww.

F.sF.-Fw.-Fkv.Fkv
t\Xm--fpsSbpw {]h-I-cpsSbpw kp{]-[m-\-I-hy-
IjvS-X-b-\p-`-hn-p kv{XoIsf Cu t]mcm-
- n Fs\
AWn- \ n- c mw F- X mWv
ASp {]iv\w. kv{XoI ]e
KW-n s]Sp--h-cm-Wv. \K-c-fnepw ]-W
- f
- n-ep-ap A`ykvXh
- n-Zy-cmb kv{XoI-fp-v. {Kma-fnepw tNcn-I-fnepw Xma-knp \nc--c-cmb kv{XoI-fpapv. \K-c--fnse A`y-kvX-hnZy-cmb kv{XoI-fn ]q-ambpw
Kmln-I-D--c-hm-Zn---fn
apgp-In-bn-cn-p--h-cp-v, Hm^okntem av m]- \ - - f ntem
tPmen t\mp- I bpw ]pdsa
IpSpw-_-nse D-c-hm-Zn-fpw IqSn \nh-ln-p-I-sb
Ccn tPmen sNp--h-cp-ap-v.
tXbn-et- m-
- f
- nepw XpWn-an-pI-fnepw \nm-W-ta-J-e-bnepw
]mS-f
- nepw tPmen-sN-p ]mhs kv { XoI- s fbpw \apv
ImWmw. ]s, kv{XoI F
\ne-bn Ch-sc-m-hcpw A`n-apJo-I-cn-p s]mXp-hmb Nne
{]iv \ - Xo- b m- b p- a p- v .
AtXm-sSmw CXn Hmtcm hn`mK-ns-Sp kv{XoIpw
Ah-c-h-cp-tS-Xmb {]iv\--fp-apv. \psS t\Xm-fpw kwLmS-Icpw B {]tXy-I-{]-iv\-sf
kqv a - a mbn ]Tn- - W w. B
{]iv\
- {]tXy-Ia
- m-bn-s
]cn- l - c n- - s - S - W w. CS- cw
IpSpw- _ - - f n \nv hcp
A`y-kvX-hn-Zy-cmb kJm-
s]n-_qjzm at\m-L-S-\-bpsSbpw kwkvIm-c
- n-sbpw ^e-ambn, tNcn-I-fn \npw \mn]pd--fn \npw hcp kv{XoIfn \nv AIv amdn \ncp-Xv. Ah kzbw hm--co-Icn-s
- -Sp {]{In-bb
- psS XpS-sa \ne-bn Cu ka-c-n\v,
_-s av ka-c
- s
- f-tmse
Xs {]m[m-\y-ap-.v aSn-Iq-SmsX
AXv sNp-I, tNcn-{]-tZ-i
- f
- n
\nv hcp kv { XoI- f p- a mbn
ktm- j - ] qw CS- ] - g - I p- I .
hop-th-e
- m-cmbn tPmen-sN-p
kv{XoIsf kzw ktlm-Z-cn-amsc- t mse
kvt\ln- m
\nv Ign- b - W w. AXn\v
\nv am\-kn-I-ambn Fsnepw XSw A\p-`-h-s-Sp-psh-n B s]n-_qjzm at\mL-S\
- sb XpS-p-am-p-I. CS-cw

h-n \nv hcp kv{XoIfp-sS-bn-Sb


- n Hcp hiv aX-]c
- amb A- h n- i zm- k - v
henb kzm[o-\a
- p-v. adp-hi
-
- v,
_qjzm hyn-hm-Zw, BUw-_c
Pohn-X-tm-Sp {`aw, D]-t`m-Kkw-kI
v m-cw, ^mj {`aw XpS-nb-hbpw hym]-Ia
- mbn ImW-s-Spp. Ahn-Sb
- n {]hn-ptm \n kmwkvIm-cn-Iambn kcpw thpw hw
A\p-io-e\w knn--h-cp-a-sn \nfpw Adn-bmsX Cu
kzm[o-\--fn s]p-t]m-Im-\n-Sbp- v . ay- h - n- t - X mb
Nmm--kz-`m-hw, Ah-k-c-hm-Zw,
`mKym-t\z-jWw Fo tZmjfpw Ahsc _m[n-m-dp-v.
Cu {]Xn-`m-k-s-Xn-scbpw
\n kacw sNt--Xp-v.
]m-hs
- kv{XoIn-Sb
- n aX]-c-amb BNm-c--fp-sSbpw ]mc- c y- n- s bpw PmXn- N n- bpsSbpw kzm[o\w {]_-e-am-bnp-.v Fnepw Ah ka-c
- n
IqSp-X hodp kz`mhw {]Zinn-p-p. Ah ^mIvSd
- n-If
- nepw
J\n-If
- nepw Nmb-tm-
- f
- n-epsams Hnv tPmen sNp-Xn-\m, Ahsc Hcp-an-n-m
Xmc-X-tay\ Ffp--am-Wv. Fm
hn`m-K
- nepw s]Sp Zpcn-Xa
- \
- p`-hn-p kv{XoI-fp-sS-bn-S-bntebvv F.-sF.-Fw.-F-kv.-Fkv
{]h- I sc Ab- b v - W w.
tamN-\
- n\v thn-bp s]mXphmb ka-c
- n \n Ahsc
Gh-scbpw AWn-\n-c
- W
- w, Hcpan-n-W
- w, hnZym-`ymkw sNn-Ww. Fm kv{XoIpw s]mXphm-bp Nne {]iv\
- f
- p-s
Imcyw Rm Bhn-p-p.
AtX kabw Xs sshPm-Xyfpw `n-X-Ifpw {]tXy-I-XIfpw khn-ti-jI
- X
- I
- fpw IqSn-bpv. \n amIvkn- b
imkv{Xw {]tbm-K
- n hcp-nsmv B sshPm- X y- fpw
{]tXy-I-X-Ifpw a\-n-em-pIbpw AXn-s-bS- n-m-\
- n F.sF.-Fw.-F-kv.-F-kns\ hfnsb-Sp-m-\mbn At-b-s
a-tbm-sSbpw icn-bmb m\tm-sSbpw {]b-Xv\n-pIbpw
th-Ww. apXn t\-Xm---tfmSv
F\nv ]d- b m- \ p- - X n- X mWv :
\n-fn an-hpw {]mb-am-bnp-m-Imw, ]s, am\-kn-Ia
- mbn
Fpw bphXzw \ne-\nm
\n {ian- - W w. kJmhv
in_vZm-kvtLm-jns Nn-I
Fp- a m{Xw a\- n- e m- m
\nv Ign-bp-pthm A{Xbpw Iv am\-kn-I-bp-hXzw \ne\nm \nv km[n-pw.
\n-fpsS Pq\n-b kJm-sf
kzw Ipn-Is
- f-tmse hfnsm-p-h-cm \nv km[n-Ww. tZzjyw hcp-tm aI- b mb Hcp Am- b n- b - - s btmse Ah-tcmSv s]cp-am-dm-Xn-cnp-I. Ahsc hnZym-`ymkw sNnp-I, kvt\lhpw hm-eyhpw
\In hfn-smph-cn-I.
Ah sXv hcp-n-tb-bvmw.
AXp-sImsmWv? \nfpw
sXv hcp-m-dp-.v Rfpw sXv
hcp-m-dp-v. AXn-\m, ]cp-jambn s]cp-am-dm-Xn-cn-p-I, Aa
Imm-Xn-cn-p-I. kzbw kvIq
ss^\ ]Tn-m Ign-n-n-

s-nepw _ncp-Zm-\--c-_n-cp-Zn\v ]Tn-p Xs aIsf


A`n-am-\]
- qw AXn\v t{]mmln-n-p kvt\l-\n-[n-bmb
Hc-b
- psS kao-]\w FmtWm
AXm-bn-cn-Ww \n-fp-sSbpw
at\m-`m-hw. AXp-t]mse Pq\n-b
kJm-sf hfn-sm-p-htc Bh-iy-IX \np-v.
\ne- h m- c - ns Imcy- n,
Ah ka-c-n-eqsS \n-sfm apI-fn-se-s
- . AXv \nfpsS hnP-b-am-Wv, AmsX ]cmP-ba
-
- . Pq\n-b kJm- ko\nb kJm-sf Asb F
t]mse BZ-cn--Ww. Cv Cu
kwL-S\ C{X-tbsd hep-Xm-bncn- p- p. ]s, Bcw- ` - L n ko\n-b t\Xm-v
F{Xtbm henb _pn-ap-p-I-sfbmWv t\cn-tS-n-h-ncp-Xv.
kJmhv in_vZm-kvtLm-jns
Nn-I ]Tn-p-Ibpw AXn
\nv {]tNm-Z\w Dsm-pIbpw sNbvXn- c p- - X n- \ m
Ahv B {]Xn-_---sfsbmw t\cn-Sm km[n-p. AXpsIm-v, Ah-cpsS {]mb-sbpw
A\p-`-h-sbpw am{X-a-, AhcpsS ka-c-sbpw IqSn BZ-cnp-I. Ah-cpsS ka-c
- n \nv
]Tn-p-I. t\Xm- X-fpsS
{]Xy-b-im-kv{X-\n-e-hmcw \nccw Dbn-sm-pw, AhcpsS Db kwkv I m- c - nsbpw hn-X-amb kwL-S-\mti-jn-bp-sSbpw A-W-t_m-[n-sbpw Bm-Xb
- p-sSbpw
kzm[o\w sImv Pq\n-b kJm-fpsS kvt\lm-Zc
-
- Bn-Ww. Pq\n-b kJm-v
amXr-I-bm-Ip Xc-n Pohnp- I . Pq\n- b kJm- v
Ah-cpsS A`n-{]m-b-fpw A`n{]m-b`
- n-X
- I
- fpw hnai-\
- fpw
aSn-Iq-Sm-sXbpw a\x-kw-Ljw
IqSm-sXbpw Ah-Xc
- n-m km[np Xc-n-ep A-cow
krjvSn-p-I. A`n-{]m-bh
- y-Xym-k hmZ- { ]- X n- h m- Z - - f n- e qsS
thWw ]cn-l-cn-m, AmsX
Ahsb Aa sN- c p- X v.
Iqmb {]h-\hpw hyn-]c-amb apssIbpw Iqn-bn-W
- pI. Aev]X
- zw, a-c_
- p-n, Akqb, kzbw Dbn- m- ,
t]cn\pw {]i-kvXnpw m\-am\-pw thn-bp B{Klw
XpS-nb _qjzm Zpxkz-`m-hsf \nm\w sNp-I.
kJmhv in_vZmkv tLmjns
IrXn-Ifpw av amIvknv mnp-Ifpw, ic-XvN{- -sbpw CXc
\thm-m\ kmln-Xy-Im-c-m-cpsSbpw IrXn-I-fpw, h\nXm hnh-Im-cn-I-fps-sS-bp alm-hn-hI
- m-cn-If
- psS Pohn-Xk
- a
- cw XpSn-bh nc-ambn hmbn-m\pw
]Tn-m\pw kJm-sf t{]mmln-n-p-I. nc-ambn cmjv{So-bm-p-I kwL-Sn-n-p-I. Hmtcm
AwK- s bpw Fs- nepw
kmaqly kmwkvIm-cnI ta
{]h-\
- f
- n ]m-fn-If
- m-pI-bpw, AXp-hgn Ahsc {]h\-\n-c-X-cmbn \ne-\np-Ibpw
sNp-I. ]pXp-Xmbn h Hcw-Kn\v ktm-j-]qw Gs-Spm-hp Npa-Xe Fs-X
- n-s\n kzw Xe-tm-dp-]-tbm-Knv
Is-p-Ib
- pw Acw Npa-Xe
(tijw t]Pv 13-)

bqWnn

13

amv 2013

Db am\p-jnI aqey-fpw sshIm-cnI `mh-fpw hfn-sb-Sp-pI


(t]Pv 12 \nv XpS)

\IpIbpw sNp-I. {]Xn-Iqe


kml-Nc
- y-sf A\p-Iqe kmlN-cy-f
- mn amt-s
- X-s
- \-sbpw, ]cm-P-bs hnP-b-amn
amt-s
- X-s
- \-sbpw Ahsc
]Tn-n-p-I. kv{XoI-fpsS {]iv\sf A[n- I - c nv ka- c -
hfn-sb-Sp-p-tms,
sXmgn-emfn-I-fp-sSbpw Ij-I-cpsSbpw hnZymn- I fp- s Sbpw
bphm- - f p- s S- b pw, av Fm
NqjnX P\-hn-`m-K--fp-sSbpw
t]mcm---tfmSv sFIy-ZmVyw
]pep-Ibpw sN-Ww.
kJmhv in_vZmkv tLmjv
Nqn- m- n- b n- p- - X p- t ]mse,
kvt\lhpw hm-eyhpw B{ZX-bp-samw Db am\p-jnI
KpW-f
- m-sW-tmp-I.
Hcp _w kvt\l-nepw
hm-ey-nepw A[n-jT
v n-Xa
- m-Iptm AXv kp-c-am-Ip-p. ]s, Fp- X cw kv t \lhpw
hm--eyhpw? k--\mb Hcp
]pcp-- j s kzn- t \m- S p
kvt\l-tam, Hcp kv{XobpsS icoc--ku-cytm-Sp BIj-Wtam BtWm AXv? \n Db- sshIm-cn-I-`m-h--sf, D-Xamb am\-knI k-n-s\bpw
\n[n--sb-bpw, arZ-ehpw kvt\l-akr- W - h p- a mb Hcp a\- ns
ku-cys, kvt\ln-p-Ibpw
BZ--cn-p-Ibpw thWw. Asn AXv h\ am{X-am-Ipw.
bYm kvt\lw Hcm-sfbpw
Zp--e-s-Sp-p-I-bn-, adnv
AXv Icpv ]Ip-X-cp-p.
]s, ]e kmln-Xy-Ir-Xn-Ifnepw kvt\lhpw Zu-eyhpw
Hp- X - s - s b hn[- n
Nn{Xo-Ic
- n-n-cn-p-X
- mbn ImWmw.
F\nv Zu-ey-ap-m-bn-cn-pp, Fs-m Rm \ns
kvt\ln-p-p. \n Fv
kwkv I m- c s {]Xn- \ n- [ m\w
sNp-p-sh-tm, Fv Xc-n
s]cp-am-dppsh-tm, Fv at\mL-S\
- b
- mWv {]Xn-^e
- n-n-p-s
- Xtm Hpw ImWm F\nv Ignbp- n- , Fs- m Fs
Zueyw _m[n-n-cn-p-p.
CXns\ bYm kvt\l-sav
hnfn-m-\m-hptam? Hcn--ep-an-.
]s, Fs kvt\lw {]Xy-bim-kv{X-nepw ss\Xn-I-X-bn-epa-[n-jvTn-X-am-sW-n F\nv
Icpv hn--Xmbn A\p-`-hs-Spw. bYm-kvt\lw Hcmfnepw AX krjvSn-p-Ib
- n-,
Hcm-fp-sSbpw hf-bpsS amn hnLmXw krjvSn-p-I-bn, Hcm-sfbpw ]ntmv hen--p---Ibn-. adn-v, AXv Hcmv bYm a\p-jy-s\ \ne-bn IqSpX apt- d m {]tNm- Z \w
\Ipw, kmaq-ly-D--c-hm-Zn- \nd-th-p-Xn\pw kmaqlyamb t]mcmw hfn-sb-Sp-p-Xn\pw t{]mm-l\w \Ipw.
Rm Fm ]nXm--m-scbpw
kvt\ln-p--Xp-t]mse Fs
]nXm-hn-s\bpw kvt\-ln-p-p.
Fs ]nXm-hn-t\m-Sp Fs
BZ-chv ]nXr-Xz-tm-Sp Fs
BZ-c-hns\ Ipdn-p-p. Rm
Fm A-am-scbpw kvt\ln-p-Xp-t]mse Fs A-sbbpw
kvt\ln-p-p. Fs `m-hnt\m-Sp-ff Fs kvt\lw bYm-

]ucp- j - t m- S p Fs
BZ-c-hn \np-S-se-Sp-p--XmWv. Fs Ipp--tfm-Sp
Fs kvt\l-ns {]Ir-Xhpw
kam- \ - a m- b n- c n- - W w. CXmWv
kvt\l-ns aq-amb {]Imi- \ w, km- { XnI kv t \lns aq-amb {]Im-i-\w.
]s, _- cq]- n
hyXy-kX
v
- f
- m-bn-cn-pw. F\nv
Fs A-t\m-Sp _-nsbpw A-tbm-Sp _--nsbpw cq]w Hm- h pI h.
`m- h n- t \m- S p _- nsbpw ktlm-Zc
- t- \m-Sp _n-sbpw cq]hpw Hm-hpIbn. CXn Fm-nepw kvt\lap-v, ]s, AXv {]Im-in-np coXn hyXy-kvX--fm-Wv.
- b
- p-am]s, kvt\lw [mn-IX

cp-Xv Ipn-I-fm-Wv. hb-mb


amXm-]n-Xm-sf hcp-am-\-ap
a Dt]-n-p-p. Fsmcp
Zb-\o-b-amb kml-N-cyw! acn-psIm- n- c n- p apX- e m- f n
kwkv I m- c - ns hrn- s I
apJ- a m- W n- X v . kaqlw Xs,
[mn-I-aq-ey- hn-h-cv
Duj- c - a m- b n- a m- d n- b m ]ns,
AhnsS kvt\lw, arZp-e-hn-Im-c, DZm-amb sshIm-cnI
`mh-, D-c-hm-Zn--t_m[w
XpS-nb Db am\p-jn-I-`m-hsmpw \ne-\n-ev]p-m-hn. hyn-bpsS a\x-km-n-sbXv kaq- l - a - \ x- k m- n- b psS
aq-amb {]Im-i-\-am-Wv. Cv,

Pn--Im-e-L--nse aX-]-camb [mn-I-aq-ey- aSnn-cn-pp; _qjzm [mnI


aqey- an-hmdpw s]m-bm-bnon- c n- pp; P\- - f n
_lp-`q-cn-]
- s- bpw kw_-nn- S - t mfw sXmgn- e m- f n- h
[mn-I-aq-ey- A]-cn-Nn-X-hpam-Wv. As\, [mn-I-aq-ey-fpsS taJ-e-bn XnI iq\yX
DS-se-Sp-n-cn-p-p. X^-eambn, A[x-]-Xn _qjzm-kwkv I m- c hpw arKo- b - h m- k - \ - I fpw
Pohn- X - ns AI- m- n- s \s Imp-Xn-p-sIm-n-cnp-p. [mn-I-aq-ey- Cm-Xp-aqew P\- a\p-jy-c-mXm-bn-op-sIm-n-cn-p-p.
CsX-m-amWv Cs kmaq-lyamb Xn-I-fpsS aqe-Im-c-Ww.

bpw ss\Xn-IX
- b
- p-ambpw kwkvImc-hp-ambpw {]Xy-bi
- m-kv{X-hp-ambpw
_-an-m Hm--sW-n AXv
tIhew s]m-bmb Hcp ]Z-ambn
Ah-ti--jn-pw. thcv apdn-p-I-fm ]ns ac-n Ce-Ifpw
]q-fpw ImbvIfpw Hp-ap-mhp-Ib
- n-. Hcm kmaq-ly-D
- c- h
- mZn-h
- p-ambpw {]Xy-bi
- m-kv{X-hp-ambpw [mn-I-X-bp-am-sbmw _w hnt-Zn-p-I-gn-m ]ns
Abmv bYm kv t \lw
Dm-hp-Ib
- n-. kvt\lw Abmsf
kw_-n-n-S-tmfw shdpsamcp
{]l-k\
- a- mbn amdpw. hn-h{- ]-Xy-bim-kv{X-tmSv {]Xn-m-_--Xbpw, kmaq-ly-k-a-c-n\v thn
XymKw sNm k--X-bp-ap-kJm--tf, CUy kzmXbmv am{Xta Fm-h-tcmSpw {y ka- c - nse BZys
kvt\lhpw hm-eyhpw hp-]p- h\nXm c-km-n-bmb {]oXneXm ht-Zm-dns Hc-`y\
em Ign-bq.
kJm- t f, IpSpw- _ - P ohnX F{X thK-amWv Xmdpam-dm-bn-sm-n-cn-p--sXv
\n Ip-sIm-n-cn-p-I-bmWv. an IpSpw-_--fn-sebpw
A--cow Cv Iep-j-am-Wv.
XnI kzm-Xbpw Aev]Xzhpw kztI-{o-b-Xbpw [mnI-aq-ey- shSn-p PohnXhpw Fm IpSpw-_
- f
- n-sebpw
Pohn-Xs {Kkn-p-sIm-n-cn-pI-bm-Wv. apX-em-fn kaq-ln aqe-[\w bP-am-\-\m-bn-cnp-X
- p-t]m-se, Cv IpSpw-_
- fn ]Ww bP-am-\\
- m-bn-cn-p-p.
{]mb-nt\m hnth-I-nt\m
Hpw Hcp m\-hp-an-. ap-f-fhsc NqjWw sNbvXv kzIm-cyem-`a
- p-m-p-Is
- b-Xv apX-em-fn-ns GI-e-y-am-bn-cn-p-Xp-t]m-se, Cv IpSpw-_-fn, av IpSpw-_mw--K
- f
- psS sNehn kzw kwXr- ] v X nbpw
ktm-jhpw kzm-t\---fpap-m-p-I-sb--Xm-bn-cn-pp
Hmtcm Bfp- s Sbpw eyw.
sshhm-ln-I-Po-hn-Xs kw_n-n-S-tmfw an-Xnepw ]ckv]c
- h
- n-izm-ktam BZ-cthm CmXm-bn-cn-p-p. ]I-cw, kwi-b
- nsbpw kwLj-f
- p-sSbpw Iel-f
- p-sSbpw kam-[m-\c
- m-ln-Xyn-sbpw Icn-\n-g Cv ZmXy-Po-hn-X
- ns apJ-ap-{Z-bm-bn-cnp-p. CXns Xn-^-e-
G-hp-a-[nIw A\p-`-hn-t-n-h-

Rm \nsf A\p-kva-cn-n-s. Ccp-]


- n-sbmmw hb-n
Ah Xs Poh _en-bn-sX-p-sIm-sv \n-dnbmtam? Ah Hcp Zcn-{Z-Ip-Spw-_mwK-am-bn-cp-p. Hcp kvIqf-ym-]n-IbpsS DtZymKw Ahv e`n-p.
AsXmw XyPn-p-sImv Ah
kzmX-{y-ka
- c
-
- n tNcp-Ibpw
c- k m- nXzw hcn- p- I bpw
sNbvXXv kv{XoIpw kzmX{y-n\v thn s]mcp-Xm\pw
kzmX-{y-n\v thn Poh
shSn-bm\pw Ign-bp-sa ktiw
Cu ]pcp- j - t a- [ m- h n- X z- k - a q- l n\v \Im thn-bm-bn-cp-p.
CUy kv{XoI-tfmSv kzmX-{yk-a-c-n ]v tNcm-\-`ynp-sImv Ah Xs Poh
_en-bn-p. alm-\mb hn-hImcn `K-XvknwKv Igp-ac
-
- n-te-dp-Xn\v sXmp-apv CUy-bnse
A-am-tcmSv lrZ-bk
- v]in-bmb
Hc-`y\ \S-n. CUy-bn-se A-am A\-h[n `K-Xv-knwK
- p-amv Pw \Ip-sa {]Xo-tbm-sS-bmWv Xm ]pn-cn-psImv Igp-a-c-n-te-dp--sX-v
Atlw ]d- p. hn- h - I hn
\{kp CUy A-am-tcmSv
[mcmfw JpZn-dm-ap-amv Pw
\Im A`yn-p-I-bp-mbn. Cu At]--I C\nbpw
sNhn-sm--s-tS-n-bn-cn-pp. kJmhv in_vZm-kv tLm-jns Blzm-\a
- \
- p-kc
- nv amIvkn-

kw, sXmgn-emfnh [mn-IX


Fn-h-bm kmbp-[-cmbn apXem-fn hncp hn-h-{]-m-\n AWn-tN-cp-X
- n-eqsS Cv
\apv Cu A`y\ sNhnsm-m Ign-bpw.

icn-bmb hn-h-am-n
_lpP\- -{]-tm`w
sIn- SppI
kJm--tf, cmjv{So-b-amb
A-Xbpw \ncm-ibpw DZm-ko\-Xbpw [mn-Im-]N
- b
- hpw F{X
am{Xw ISpXm-sW-nepw icn,
{]Xo--bp-tS-Xmb Hcp cP-X-tcJbpw ImWm\pv. Pohn-X-nse cq-amb {]iv\- P\sf, kv{XoI-sf-tmepw, sXcphn--en-d
- m\pw s]mcp-Xm\pw \nn- X - c m- n- op- s Im- ncnpI-bm-Wv. \n-{Km-an-sebpw
knw-Kq-cn-sebpw cmPys an-S
- fn-sebpw \nc-c
- c
- mb kv{XoI,
\nb-ah
- n-cp-a
- mb `qan-]n-Sn-s-Sp-en-s\-Xnsc ]pcp-j-m-tcmSv tXmtfmSv tXm tNv [otcm-Nn-Xambn s]mcp-Xp-Ib
- p-m-bn. _em-kw-Kw, Iq-_e
- mkw-Kw, arKob-amb sIme-]m-X-Iw, emnmv, Iohm-XI
- w, shSn-bp Ch-bvsm-n\pw Ahsc
Aa sNm-\m-bn-. Uln
Hcn-- cmjv{So-b-ambn hfsc
XWp-p-d-Xpw DZm-ko-\hpw
kzw Imcy-s-p-dnv am{Xw
Nnn-p Bm-cp-ff
- X
- p-amb
\K-ca
- m-bmWv ]cn-KW
- n-s
- -n-cp-X.v ]s, C-hW \mw Uln-bpsS asmcp apJw Ip.
arKo-ba
- mb Hcp Iq-_e
- mkwKw
{]Xn-tj-[mn Bfn--n-pIbpw cmPy-s-sbm-msI Cfn-a-dn-p-Ibpw sNbvXp. apsmcn-e
- p-ap-m-bn-n-m-h
- n-[
- n
hf-sc-tbsd kv{XoI sXcp-hntebvv hp. Ah Pe-]o-c-nsbbpw Iohm-X-I-sbpw
emn-mn-s\bpw kss[cyw
t\cn-p. hyXykvX hnj-b
- f
- n
P\--fpsS {]Xn-tj[w Ahn-sSbp-an-hn-sSbpw {]tm-`--fpsS
cq]-n s]mn-s-dnp-Xv
\mw ImWp-p. kzta-[bm s]mnp-ds
- -Sp Cu ka-c
- sf {]Xyb-im-k{v X-]c
- a
- mbpw kmwkvIm-cn-Iambpw kwL-S-\m-]-c-ambpw \bnm-\pw, Ahsb kpL-Sn-Xhpw
\op-\np-X
- p-amb {]tm`-f
- mn amm\pw Ign-hp icnbmb t\Xr-Xz-amWv Cv A\n-hmcy-am-bn-cn-p--Xv. CUy HmsI B t\Xr-Xz-n\v thn
tIgp- I - b m- W v . B t\XrXzw
{]Zm\w s
- Nm \nv am{Xta km[n-q. kJmhv in_vZmkv
tLmjns Nn-If
- m kmbp-[cm-Im Ign-bp-sa-n \nXv km[n- pw. AXn- \ m
\n-tf-ht- cmSpw Fs A`y-\ CXmWv : Cu ASn- b - nc
I-hyw Gs-Sp-m aptmv
hcp-I. ChnsS Rm, Fkv.-bp.kn.-sF(-I
- yq-Wn-)v s P\-dsk-{I-dn F \ne-bn, {]Xn\n-[m\w sNp-Xv a\p-jy-kwkvIr-Xn-bnse Fm alm-m-cpsSbpw t{ijvT-amb A`n-em-j-sf-bm-W.v amIvk,v FwKkv, se\n-, men, amthm, in_vZmkv
tLmjv Fo alm- m- c mb
BNm-cy--m-cpsS hn-h-kz-]v\--

sf-bmWv Rm {]Xn-\n-[m\w
sNp--Xv. Ah-cpsS A`y\-bmWv F\nv a\-n-em-m
Ign cq]-n, Rm \nfpsS apn Ah-X-cn-n-n-cn-p-Xv. AXn-\m, Cu kt-f\w
Ah-km-\n-p-t- XmsS \n-fpsS
Npa-X-e-Ifpw Ah-km-\n-m
]mSn-. Hcp ]pXnb XpS--am-Wpm-tI--Xv. ]pXnb L-nep Hcp ka-c-ns XpS-w.
IqSp-X D-ch
- m-Zn-
- GsSp-p-I. \nv Fs-nepw
D-c-hm-Zn-- \I-s-nptm Fv Imn-cn-t-.
\n kzbw D-ch
- m-Zn-
-
Gs-Sp-p-I.- k-Jmhv in_vZmkv t Lmjv ]Tn- n- - X p- t ]mse
Iqm- b pw hyn- ] - c - a mbpw
{]hn-p-I. kml-Nc
- y-s
- f,
ss[cy- ] qw, Xt- S - t msS
t\cn-Sp-I. kml-Ncyw hn-h-tmcm--n\v hfsc A\p-Iq-e-am-Wv.
P\- {]Xn-tj[w B{K-ln-pp. P\- {]tm`w B{Klnp-p. P\- hyh-n-Xnbn amw B{K-ln-p-p. Cu
B{Klw Hmtcm Znh-khpw {]ISn-Xa
- m-bn-sm-n-cn-p-p. hntamN- \ - n- t e- b v p bYm
am- n shfnw hoim
Fn\v Ignbpw? amIvkn-kw-se-\n-\n-kw--in-_vZm-kvtLmjv
Nnbvv am{Xta AXv km[n-pI-bp-p. \n Zi-e---Wn\v hcp kv{XoIsf Cu almb hn-h-{]-Xy-b-imkv{Xw
]Tn-nv {]tNm-Zn-nv kwL-Sn-n-Ww. \n Cu ZuXyw \nhln-p-sav Rm {]Xo-n-pp. Cu hmp-I-tfmsS Rm
Ah-km-\n-n-p-p. \nthpw \n. F.-sF.-Fw.-F-kv.F-kns t\Xm-pw {]h-Ipw, Cu ktf\w Kw`oc-hn-Pb
- a
- m-m-\mbn Ao-W]
- c
- n{iaw \S- nb BXn- t Yb
kwm-\ I
-- -n-npw \n.
amIvkn-kw--se-\n-\n-kw--in_vZmkv tLmjv Nn \oWm
hmgs!
\psS t\Xmhpw BNmcy\pw alm- \ mb amIv k nv
Nn-I\
- p-amb kJmhv in_vZmkv
tLmjn\v emkemw!
F.-sF.-Fw.-F-kv.-Fkv
\oWm hmgs!
Notes: 1.Origin of family, private property & state - Engels.
2.Women and Communism Lenin
3. Women and Communism Stalin
4,5. Vidyasagar Rachana
Samagra (Collected Works)
6. Education - Swami
Vivekananda
7. Harijan, 27th Feb.1937
8. Woman Education Rabindra Rachanabali (Works)
11th Volume
9. Sarat Rachanabali, 5th Volume
10,11,12. Sesh Prashna Saratchandra Chattopadnyay
13,14,15 - On Womans Emancipation - Shibdas Ghosh

14

bqWnn

amv 2013

N{-ti-J Bkm-Zns c-km-n-Xz-Zn\w BN-cnp

N{-ti-J BkmZv c-km-n-Xz- Zn-\m-Nc- W


- t- bmKw {io.-]n.-_n.-B.-]n DZvLm-S\w sNp-p

kzmX-{y-ka
- c
-
- nse A\-\p-cR
- P
v \
- [m-c-bnse Dz-e-\mb t]mcmfn N{-tiJ Bkm-Zns 82m-aXv c-km-n-XzZn\w B Cym sUtam-{ImnIv bqv
HmK- s s\- t k- j (- F - s F- U n- s sh- H )\pw
B Cym sUtam-{Im-nIv pU vkv
HmK-ss\-tk-j(-F-sF-Un-F-kv-H)\pw
kwbp--ambn BN-cn-p. s^{_p-hcn 27
\v tImbw ]gb t]meokv tj
ssaXm- \ n- b n \S - ] - c n- ] mSn ap
FwF-Fbpw tkmjy-env t\Xm-hp-amb
]n_n-B ]n DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp.
Agn- a - X n, hne- - b w, ho- b - X ,
kmwkvIm-cnII, Ch \mSns\ \inn-p-sIm-n-cn-p alm hym[n-I-fmsWpw tZio-b{- ]-m-\
- n hn-hI
- mcn-I Dbn-n-Sn ey-sf hnp-sImv apX-em-fn-hw A[n-Imcw Xnsb-Sp--XmWv kzX-{-`m-c-X-ns Cu
Zpc-h-bvv Imc-Wsapw ]n._n-.B.
]n DZvLm-S-\-{]-kw-K-n ]d-p.

k- AXn k-c
- mbpw Zcn-{Z AXnZ-cn-{Z-cmbpw Xocp Cu kmaq-ly-km-l-Ncys hn-he
-
- y- ap\nn-smp t]mcm-
- f
- n-eq-sSsb AXn-Po-hn-m\m-Iq. N{-ti-J BkmZpw t\Xm-Pnbpw
Ds-sS- \psS tZiob kzmX-{y-ka
- c
- nse hn-h-Im-cn-I \S-nb {]tm`- W s amXr- I - b m- n- s m- p
{]h-\a
- mWv Cu Ime-L-
- ns Bhiy-w Atlw Nqn-m-n.
UnsshH Pnm sk{I-dn kJmhv C.hn.-{]-Imiv Ay-X
- h
- l
- n- tbmKn
UnsshH kwm\ sk{I-dn kJmhv
F.-sI.-_nPp apJy-{]kwKw \S-n.
FsF--Un-Fk
- H
v kwm\sk{I-dn kJmhv _n\p-t_-_n, kJm sI.-k-Pn,
cRvPnv sI.-B XpS-n-b-h {]kwKnp. FsF-Un-F-kvH Pnm sk{I-dn
kJmhv Fw.-sI.-j-l-km-Zv kzmKXhpw
kJmhv ta[m kptc-{-\m-Yv IrX-X
- bpw
]d-p.

hnZym-`ymk-s c-n-m ASn-b-nc Bh-iy--fp--bnv


F-sF-Un-F-kvH t\-Xr-Xz-n \-S t]m-kv-v Im-Uv aq-hv-sa v

tImgn-tmSv hnZymn-I {][m-\a- {- np ImUv Fgp-Xpp


hn-Zym-`ym-k ta-Je
- ]-cn-]q-a
- mbpw I-hS- i
-
- n-I-v k-a-n-m-\m-bn tI-{-

k-m \-S-m-p- \-b- A-h-km\n-n-W


- s
- a-m-hi
- y-sv F-sF-Un-Fk
- v-

ZznZn\ tZiob s]mXp]Wn-ap-Sv


(t]Pv 9 \nv XpS)

kt-f-\-n kJmhv Fw.-F A\n


{]kw-Kn-p. 19 \v Icn-p-w,- B-e-tmSv,
Cfw-tZiw Fn-hnS-f
- n \S hnfw-_c
PmY-bn kJm- ]s-Sp-p.- I---\bn \S hnfw-_c PmY-bn F.-sF.bp.-n-.bp-.kn- Pnm sk{I-dn kJmhv Fw._n.-cm-P-ti-J-c ]s-Sp-p.
]Wn-ap-Sv Znhkw sXmSp-]p-g-bn
\S {]I- S - \ - n kJm- Fw.F.A\n, cm-tP-{ t]m--\m-t-cn,
knPp.n.-kn, ]n.-sI.-kPn XpS-n-b-h
]s-Sp-p. tbmK-n Fw.F.-A\
- n
{]kw-Kn-p. -I-cn-p-Xv \S {]I-S-\n kJmhv - F .hn- t \mZv Ipam
t\XrXzw \In. Cfw-tZ-iv kJmhv kn_n.-kn.-amXyp-hpw, A
- e
- t- mSv Pnn tPm,
\nj Fn-hcpw t\XrXzw \In.- I--\-bn kJmhv Fw.-_n.-cm-Pt- i-Jc
- {]IS-\-ns t\Xr\n-c-bn ]s-Sp-p.
Xrq Pn- b n kwbp t{SUv
bqWn-b kan-Xn-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-n aqp-Zn-h-ks hml\ {]Nm-cW PmY
kwL-Sn-n-p. Pm-Y-bn F.-sF.-bp.-Sn.bp.kn Pnm s
- k-{I-dn kn.-sI.-in-hZ- m-k,
sshkv {]kn-U v k
- Jm-hv ]n.F t- Pm-jzm

Fn-h ]s-Sp-p, ]Wn-ap-S


- ns cpZn-h-k--fnepw aWvU-em-Sn-m-\-n
{]I-S-\hpw tbmKhpw \Sp. X
-- rq SuWn F.-sF.-bp.-Sn.-bp.kn Pnm {]kn-U v
kJm-hv ]n.-Fk
- v._
- m_p, sk-{I-dn kn.sI
inh-Zm-k, bp.bp.kp{_--Wy Fnhcpw Nmh-mSv H.sI. hk-e,- kn.hn.
t{]wcmPv Fn-hcpw, sImSp--p-cn F.sF.-bp.-Sn.-bp.kn Pnm tPm.-sk-{I-dn F.hn.-s_-n,- sI.sI. IrjvW-Ip-am, sI.hn.cmPoh Fn-hcpw {]h-\
- v
t\XrXzw sImSp-p
]me-mSv Pn-bn kwbp t{SUv
bqWn-b In-n-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-n
s^{_p-hcn 15,16 Xn-Xn-I-fn hml\
{]Nm-cW PmY \S-p. Pnm {]kn-U v
sI.-A-_vZp Aokv PmY-bn ]s-Spp-Ibpw ka-]m\tbmK-n {]kw-Kn-pIbpw sNbvXp. 18 \v \S hnfw-_c PmYbn F.-sF.-bp.-Sn.-bp.kn Pnm -sk-{I-dn
kJmhv sI.-{]-Zo]v ]s-Sp-p-Ibpw tbmKn {]kw-Kn-p-Ibpw sNbvXp. ]Wn-apSv Znhkw ]me-mSv SuWn \S {]IS-\
- nepw ka-ct- I-{-nepw B Cym
bpSn-bp-knsb {]Xn-\n-[o-Ic
- nv kJm-
sI.-{]-Zo-]v, sI.-{]-km-Zv Fn-h t\Xr-

H bp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-n cm-Py-sa-mSpw \nvv


hn-Zym-n-I {]-[m-\-a-{n-v \n-th-Z-\-abp. C-y kzm-X{- y-ka
- c
-
- n-se A\\p-c-RvP\ [m-c-bp-sS {]-Xo-Iam-b t\-XmPn kp-`m-jv N{-t_m-knv-s P--Zn-\-am-b
P-\p-h-cn 23 ap-X N-{-ti-J B-km-Zv c-km-n-Zn-\-am-b s^-{_p-h-cn 27 h-scbp- Zn-\--fn-em-Wv \n-th-Z-\-n-te-p H-p-ti-J-c-Ww \-S-Xv.
1)B {]tam-j k{-Zm-bhpw \ncc aqey\nWbhpw Ah-km-\n-n-pI
2)s{IUnv B v ska-dpw CtW
Ak-kvsapw \n-em-p-I.
3) ^okv h-\hv ]nh-en-pI, hnZy`ymkn\p _Pv hnlnXw hn-np-I.
4)-hn-Zy-`ymk taJebpsS hmWn-Py-hXvIc
- W
- hpw k
- z-Im-cy-hX
- I
v c
- Whpw Ah-km\n-n-pI, s]mXp--kz-Imcy ]m-fn
]Xn-Ifpw hntZi \nt-]hpw th.
5) kv{XoI-fp-tSbpw Ipn-I-fp-tSbpw
kmaqly kpc Dd-m-p-I.
FnhbmWv hnZym-`ym-ks cn-

m-\mbn hnZymn-I t]mv ImUn


Fgp- X n- k - a n {][m\Bh- i y- .
\psS kzmX-{y-k-a-c-{]-m\w Xs
Dbnb imkv { Xob atX- X c
P\m[n]Xy hnZym-`ymkns km{XnIh-cW
- s
- a Bh-iys Nhn-nsa-Xn-p-sImv \S-m-p ItmfhnZym`ymk ]cn-jvI-c-W-s-Xn-cmbn Nnbmbn hfn-sb-Sp-p ka-c
- n `mKam-bmWv t]mvImUv aqhvsa v kwL-Snn--s--Xv. Cs ASn-b-nc Bhiy- - s f\ne- b n FsF- U n- F - k v H
Dbnb ap{Zm- h m- I y- v hn
]np- W - b mWv cmPy- s a- mSpw \nv
hnZymnIfn\nv e`n--Xv. tIc-fnse hnhn[ Pn-I-fn \S HvtiJ-cW
- ]
- c
- n-]m-Sn-Iv kwm\ t\Xm-fmb sI. _naPn, Fkv. {ioIp-am, sI.]n.kmhn, ]n.sI. {]`mjv, dPo\ F.,
ktmjv hn.Un., hnthIv ]n.kn., F.
ssjPp, amfp B., kPn\n ]n.hn., am\hv
sP., sI ]n.{ioIp-am,Aeo-\ Fkv., jlkmZv F.sI, ta[ kptc-{-\mYv, A]
B, civan chn, kpK-n, dlnw, k\q]v
XpS-n-b-h t\XrXzw \In.

XzwsIm- S p- p. F.- s F.- b p.- S n.- b p.kn


kwm\ sk{I-tdn-bv AwKw kJmhv
sI.-A_
- vZp Aokv tbmK-n {]kwKn-p. F.-sF.-bp.-Sn.-bp.kn bpsSbpw Fkv.bp.-kn.sF (I-yp-Wn-)v t- bpw Pnm Inn-I kwbp--ambn Pn-bn \S-nb
cp Znh-ks hml\ PmY Gh-cptSbpw {i BIjn-p-Ib
- p-m-bn. Ccp]Xv tI{--fn tbmK- \S-n.
tImgn-tmSv knn-bn ]Wn-ap-Sv
Znhkw apX-e-pfw ssaXm-\n-bn \nv
Bcw- ` n sXmgn- e mfn {]I- S \w env
tdmUn kam-]n-p. sF.-F.n.-bp.-kn.Pnm {]kn-U v AUz.Fw. cmP AyX hln tbmK-n kn.-sF.-n.bp
kwm\ sshkv {]kn-U v n.-]n.-cm-aIr-jvW DLm-S\w sNbvXp. F.-sF.bp.-Sn.-bp.kn kwm\ s
- k-{I-dn kJmhv
hn.-sI.-k-Zm-\- {]kw-Kn-p.
]Wn-ap-S-ns cp-Zn-h-k--fnepw
\S {]I-S-\-n\pw ka-c-tI-{-n\pw
FsF-bp-n-bp-knsb {]Xn-\n-[o-Ic
- nv kJm ]n.-Fw.-{io-Ip-am, AUz. -n.-sP.-UnIvk, ]n.-sI.-tXm-ak
- v, ]n.-sI.-a[p Fnh t\XrXzw sImSp-p.
Iq Pn-bnse Ieymtcn aWvUew
hml\ PmY-bn sshkv Iym]v F.sF.-bp.-Sn.-bp.-kn. Pnm {]kn-U v kJmhv

Fw.-sI. Pb-cm-P Bbn-cp-p. s^{_phcn


14, 15, Xn-Xn-If
- n \S PmY-bn Pnm
sk{I-dn A\q]v tPm PmYmw-K-am-bn-cpp. \nc-h[n tI{--fn F.-sF.-bp.-Sn.bp.-kn. {]h-I kzoI-cWw \In.
18\v Iq SuWn \S hnfw-_c PmYbn kJm- Fw.-sI. Pb-cm-P, A\q]v
tPm, t]m Sn. kmap-h Fn-h
t\Xr-Xz-]-c-amb ]p-h-ln-p.

FtUm-k^m kacw
(t]Pv 7 \nv XpS)

Zpc-_
- m-[n-Xt- cbpw env sNp-I, Av
hjw sImv ]p\-c-[n-hmk ]-Xn-I
\n-em-p-sa-p D-chv ]nh-enp-I, Zpc-
- n-\p-c
- hm-Zn-Isf t{]mknIyqv sNm {Sn_yq-W m]n-p-I,
Zpcn-X_
- m-[n-Xc
- psS IS- Fgp-Xn-
- pI, Fn-s
- \-bp Bh-iy- D-bnp-sImv FtUm-k^m ]oVnX P\Iob apWn \S-p A\n-n-X-Ime
\ncm-lmc kacw hnP-bn-t-Xv A\n-hmcy-X-bm-bn-o-cp-I-bm-Wv. Cu {]tm`s ]np-W-p-sImv \psS ]mn
kPo-h-ambn {]h-\-cw-Kv \ne-sImp-p.

bqWnn

15

amv 2013

]men-tb-c tSm _qn-s\-Xnsc

P\-Iob
Iqmbva
]men-tb-c tSm Ah-km-\nn-pI, _n.H.Sn. tSmm-Xp
thn Hcnp `qan-t]mepw hnpsIm-Sp-n- Fo Bh-iy-
D-bnp sImv Nmh-mSv P\Io-b- Iq-m-bva \S-p.
]men-tb-c tSm hncp
kac t]m-cm-fn-Iv kzoIcWw
\Ip ]cn-]m-Sn-If
- psS `mK-ambn-mWv Iqmbva \S-X
- v. tIcf
P\- X - b psS Bm- ` n- a m- \ s
tNmZyw sNbvXp-sImv ]men-tb-cb
- nse tSm ]ncnhv \n_m[w
XpS-cp-Ib
- mWv. tSm Ah-km-\nn--W-sam-h-iy-s-p-sImv
tSm hncp kwbp ka-ck
- an-Xn-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-n \S-p

]n.sP.tamkn Fo t\Xm-
DssS, kacn ]sSpXns t]cn 109- t]sXnsc I-t-p- - Npan- Pbnen-eS-
- p. ka-cs ASn-a
- n
Ah-km-\n-n-m-sa-p kmcns {]Xo-sb XIpsImv ka-c
-
- e
- n apgp-h
kac kwL-S-\-I-fpw kwbp
tbmKw tNv sXm-Sp Znhkw
Pnm lm- e n- \ m- l zm\w
sNbvXp. km-cns Incm-Xa
- mb
\S-]S- n-If
- n {]Xn-Ic
- n-p-sImv
Pn-bnse apgp-h P\-fpw
lm Hcp h hnP-ba
- m-nam-n.
B Iukn Pnm

P\-Iob Iqmbva C.-hn. apl-Z- men DLm-S\w sNpp


kacw Hcp hjw ]nn-n-cn-pI-bm-Wv. hmjnItmS\p-_nv \S- D]-tcm[ ka-cs
-
t]meo-kns\ D]-tbm-Knv ASn-ap-hm-\mWv km {ian-Xv. XnIpw kam-[m-\]
- c
- a
- mbn
\S ka-cs
- t]meokv arKoambn B{I-an-p-Ib
- mWv sNbvXXv. Kpcp-X-cm-h--bn-emb ]etcbpw Xrq Pnm Bip-]{- Xnbnepw apw {]th- i nn- p.
tZiob ]mX kwc-W kanXn
Pnm sNbam Sn.-sI. hmkp,
tSm hncpkanXn {]kn-U v
kn.sP. P\m-\, Iho-\

Inn sNbam F.-Pn. [cXv\w Ay-X hln tbmKw


kw-m\ sNbam C.-hn. apl- Z men DLm- S \w sNbv X p.
s]mXp- P - \ - sf sIm- b - S nm\pw s]mXp-J-P-\mhv I-W-p-mn Xn-sb-Sp-m\pw
_nHSn I-\n-Iv Fmhn[
Hm- i bpw kwc- - W hpw
sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-n-cn-p-I-bmWv
km-cp-Is
- fv Atlw Btcm]n-p. ]ucs Poh\pw kzn\pw kwc-Ww \tI- \nbahpw t]meo-kp-samw ChnsS
Kpm-]n-cn-hp-\-S-p _n.-H.Sn

sslth ka-c-n\v \thm-tjw


]Iv sImv

If-Ivt{Sv amv
t\m _nHSn, t\m tSm F ap{Zm-hm-Iy-ap-bn sslth
B t^md-n-sbpw tZio-b]
- mX kwc-W kan-Xn-bp-sSbpw
kwbp-m-`n-ap-Jy-n sIm-v amv 4 \v hn If-Ivt{Sv
ampw [bpw \S-p. sslth B t^mdw kwm\
P\-dsk-{I-dn Fw.-kp-t- c-i]n-b
- psS Ay-X
- b
- n \S
[ {]Xn-] t\Xmhv hn.-F-kv.-A-p-Xm-\- DZvLm-S\w
sNbvXp. kn]nsF Pnm sk{I-dn B. cma-N-{, kn.-B.-\o-eI-WvT, Fkvbp-kn-sF(-I-yq-Wn-v) Pnm sk{I-dn tPymXn
IrjvW, hym]mcn hyh-kmbn GtIm-]\ kanXn Pnm {]knU v tKm]-Ip-am, AJn-teym alnfm kmwkvIm-cnI kwL-S\
kwm\ sk{I-dn ssje sI.-tPm, FsF-ssh-F^v kwm\
tPm.-sk-{I-dn DZ-bI
- p-am, tkmfn-Um-cnn kwm\ sk{I-dn sI.k-Po-Zv, AUz. sI.-]n.-ap-l--Zv, F.-\m-k, Fw.-sI.-k-eow, lmjnwtN-m-n-n Fn-h [sb A`n-kw-t_m-[-\- sN-bvXp-sImv
kwkm-cn-p. sImw dv lukv ]cn-k-c-p-\nv \qdp-I-W-n\v
Bm ]s-Sp If-Itv {Sv amn\v Da-b\
-
- q A_vZp Akokv, hnP-b-N-{, cmtP-{-{]-km-Zv, jmP-lm, B. kPn-em, _n.hn-t\m-Zv, ]n.-]n.-{]-im-vIp-am Fn-h t\XrXzw \In.

ssltm-SXn hne-n-bnpw
sImn dnss^-\dnbn sXmgn-em-fn-I
]Wn-ap-S
- n

_n]n-kn-F bqWn-b-\p-I AJn-teym Xe-n Blzm\w sNbvX s^{_p-hcn 20,21 s


]Wn-ap-Sn sImn dnss^-\-dn-bnse sXmgn-em-fn-Ifpw ]p-tNp. Imem-h-[n-I-gn ZoL-Ime
Icm ]pXp-p-I, tPmen kabw hn-n--cp-Xv, Icmh-cWw Ah-km-\n-n-p-I, sXmgn-em-fnI-fpsS Ah-Im-i- Ihs-Sp-p amt\-Pp-sans \nt-i- ]nh-en-pI XpS-nb Bhiy- D-bn-p-sIm-mWv sXmgn-em-fn-I 48 aWn-q ]Wn-ap-S-n Gs--Xv.
tZiob ]Wn-ap-S-n\v B[m-c-amb Unamp-I Fmw X-fpsS Unamp-I Xs-bm-sWpw
AXym-hiy kokv F t]cn ]Wn-ap-Sv \ntcm-[n ssltm-SXn, 14 hjw ap]v \n-bn
i-f-amWv sXmgn-em-fn-I hmp--sX Imcyw ]cn-K-Wn-n-n-spw bqWn-b t\Xm- Nqnm-n.
]Wn-ap-S
- nb sXmgn-em-fn-I dnss^-\d
- n-p-n {]I-S\w \S-n. {]I-S\
-
- n\v bqWn-b t\Xm-fmb ]n.-F.-kp-tc-{ \mb, A\n.-sI-\m-b, F.-B.-tam-lIp-am, ]n.-]n.-k-Po-hvIp-am,
tPmk^v sUo-kv, {]tZmjv Fn-h t\XrXzw \In.
]W-m-p-Ip-ap-n Hmm\np \np- I - b m- W v . tSm
F{Xbpw s]sv \n-em-W-sav _lp-P-\- Bh-iys-Sp-tm adp-h-iv tSm
hn-n-m-\p KqV-\o-
- nemWv km Atlw ]dp.
Sn.-sI. hmkp (tZiob ]mX

kwc- W- k anXn),- ]n.sP.


tamkn-(tSmhncp-kanXn), kn.hn.t{]cmPv - ( Fkv . bp.- k n.sF
IyqWnv ) , kn.B. DnIrjvW (P\Iob {]Xntcm-[
kanXn) , Sn.- F ktmjv
(IpSnsbm- g nn- kzImcyhcW hncpkanXn), kemhp-o am (tkmfnUmcnn),

lpssk X
-
- (Fkv.Un.]n.sF), sI.-Pn. taml-\ (shs^b ]mn),Al- - Z v J m
(]n.Un.]n), sI.-hn. A_vZp lao-Zv (hym-]mcn hyh-kmbn GtIm]\ kan-Xn), B Iukn Pnm Iho-\ kn.-sI.
inh--Zm-k kzmKXhpw CIv_m am \nbpw ]d-p.

ssewKnI Ip-Ir-Xy- s]cp-Ip-Xv


kmwkvIm-cnII aqew
Im-mSv: kv{XoIpw
Ipn-Ipw t\sc-bp-m-Ip
ssewKnIm-Xn-{I-a- s]cp-IpXpw kaqlw Ip-h-cn-s-Sp-Xpw Kpcp-X-c-amb kmwkvm---cnII-bpsS A\n-hmcy
Zpc---fm-sWv AJn-teym
alnfm kmwkvm-cnI kwL-S\
kwm\sk{I-dn ssje sI.tPm- ]dp.
P\-Iob {]Xn-tcm[ kanXn,
B tIcf Sogv k v bq\nn
t^mdw Fn-h-bpsS kwbp-m`nap-Jy-n kwL-Sn-n Nm
kt-f\
-
- n hnj-bm-hX
- c
- Ww
\S-p-I-bm-bn-cpp Ah. Hcp
]cn-jvIrXkaq-l
- n\v enp
XeXmgvt-n-hc
- p hm-IfmWv ASn-Sn hp-sIm-n-cn-p-Xv. aZy-n-sbpw ab-p-a-cpn-sbpw Ao-eX
- b
- p-sSbpw hym]\w, aqey-p {]m[m-\yw
I-]n-m hnZym-`ymk k{Zmbw, amv kZv hyh
kr-jS-v n-p AXn-tam-l
- Fn--hs
- bmw tNv kmaqly Pohn-Xs Kpcp-X-c-amb ]X-\-nse-n-n-cn-p-p. Fm-n-t\bpw
em`-t- mSpIqSn am{Xw kao-]nm hynsb t{]cn-n-p
kmaqly kml- N cyw kzw

sI.-cm-P A-[y--\m-bn-cpAXn-Poh\w am{X-sa CSp-nb


am-\-kn-Im-h--bn-tev Ahsc p. sI.-sI.-kp-tc-{, F.-Fw.-ta\bn-p-p. hyh-m-]nX km- cn, -t]m.-Sn.-km-ap-h, _m_p
aqly cmjv{Sob {]m-\-- sN, jmPn am, ]n.-ap-c-fosmpw Xs kaqlw C-I- [-c, hnizmkv ]n--c, Fw.s-n-cn-p {]Xn-k
- np ]cn- B aRvPpj, sI.-sF. {iohlmcw ImWm-\m-Ip-n-. Kpcp-X- , Sn.-am-[-h am, sI.c-amb kmaqly kmw-kvm-cnI chn, ]n.-hnZy,- F-kv.-sI. Ipn{]-iv\-sf sXsc--Spp-cmj- IrjvW Fn-h kwkm-cnp
v{Sobns CSp-STATEMENT ABOUT OWNERSHIP AND
nb In-eqsS
OTHER PARTICULARS ABOUT
am{XamWn-h
NEWSPAPER UNITY
kao- ] n- p- - X v .
FORM
IV (See Rule 8)
P\-- a - \ - p- I sf
: Trivandrum
CXv sXpw kzm- Place of Publication
[ o - \ n - p - n . Periodicity of the Publication : Monthly
h y h - m - ] n X - Printers Name
: C. K. Lukose
cmjv{- Sob {]m- Nationality
: Indian
\--f--- n-ep hnizm- Address : TC12/1242, Trivandrum Pin 695 035
-k--I-bpsS Printers Name, Nationality, Address : ,,
]m- - e - n- Editors Name, Nationality, Address : ,,
emWv Zln Name and address of individuals who own the
Ds- s S- b p Newspaper or shareholder holding more than one
e - - f n percent of the total capital : KERALA STATE
]Xn-\m-bn-c--W- COMMITTEE, SOCIALIST UNITY
n\v kv{XoIfpw CENTRE OF INDIA(COMMUNIST)
] p c p - j - m c p w I, C. K. Lukose, hereby declare that the particulars
Ipn-Ifpw ka-cc
- w- given above are true to the best of my knowledge
K-n-d-p--Xv-- and belief
Sd/- C. K. Lukose
k-t-f\w hne- 02. 03. 2013.
Signature of Publisher
bn-cp-n.

Date of Posting 9 th & 10 th of every month


at RMS, Trivandrum.

P.R. No. KL/TV(N)/452/2012-2014


R. N. 24773/1992

UNITY
MALAYALAM MONTHLY

tI{ _Pv 2013-2014

P\-sf ]m-cm-m\pw k-pw


tIm-td-p-Ipw B\p-Iq-ey-
sNmcn-bm-\p-ap ]-Xn-bpsS cq]-tcJ
Fkvbp-kn-sF(-kn) P\-d sk{I-dn
kJmhv s{]mhm-jvtLmjv amv 1 \v
Xmsg-m-Wp {]kvXm-h\ ]pd-s-Sp-hnp-Ib
- p-mbn:
hfsb Xzcn-X-s-Sp-p--sX
hnti-jW
- t- msS Ah-Xc
- n-n-s
- 2013se tI{-_-P-ns apJymw-i--fn-tebvsmv Itm-Sn-m a\-n-em-Ip
Imcyw, ]mh-s--hsc sXcp-hnn
_lp-cmjv{S Ip-I-Ipw hyh-km-bnIpw B\p-Iq-ey- tImcn-sm-cn-bpI
F-Xm-Wv AXns ey-sa-m-W.v F,
cmk-h-fw, `yw XpS-nb taJ-e-I-fnsems k_vknUn shn-p-cp-p--Xpt]m-ep km-n-Im-{I-aW
-
- k{X-bm-Wv. P\-sf {]l-cn-p-tmgpw
Ip-II
- v km-nI Dt-P\
- s
- a
t]cn \Ip Cfhv 5,70,000 tImSn-cq-]bp-tS-Xm-Wv. 2013-2014 hjw 5,42,499 tImSnbpsS [\-n {]Xo-n-p Cu _Pv
Fv km-nI t\-amWv Ah-Im-is
- Sp--sXv a\-n-em-m-hp--tX-bp-p.
ssk\nI kma-{Kn-I hmn-b-Xp-ambn
_-sv tImSn-W
-
- n\v cq]-bpsS AgnaXn Btcm-]-W- Db {]Xn-tcm[
taJ-e-bpsS hnlnXw 2,03,000 tImSn-bntebvv Dbn-bn-cn-p-I-bm-Wv. IWw XS-bmt\m \nIp-Xn-sh-nv Ismt\m bmsXmcp \S-]-Sn-bp-an-. t\sc-adn-v, tkh\ \nIpXn IpSnn-Ib
- p-h
- v
kzta- [ bm IpSn- n- I - b - S - b v p- - X n\v
t{]mm- l \w \Ip- - X n- \ p Hcp
]Xn {]Jym-]n-p-Ib
- mWv sNbvXn-cn-p-Xv. \nIpXn AS-bvm--hs-Xnsc
\S- ] - S n- s b- S p- p- - X n- \ p \nba
\nmWw aqp-hj-tbvv amn-h-ncn-p-IbpamWv. aqe-[-\--tm-f-cw-Kv
IqSp-X DZm-ch
- -cW \S-]S- n-I \ntin-n-p-ap-v. IqSp-X hntZ-ia
- q-e[
- \w HgpIn-sb-m\pw AXp-hgn Dul---h-Sn\v Bw hn-n-p-hm-\p-amWv Dtin-p--Xv. ]mh-s--hv \In-b-XmIs k_vkn-Un]-W-ambn \Ip-sap Hcp {]Jym-]-\-am-Wv. CXn-\p-th
ASn-m\ kuI-cy- Cs-tXm
t]mI-t, GXm\pw amk-p-apv cmPm-\n ]co-n CXns ss]ev

]Xn Hcp ]cm-P-b-am-bn-cpp Xm\pw.


kv{XoIp-t\sc hn-p-h-cp AXn{I-a
- f
- n\nv P\-{i Xncn-m\pw P\tcmjw XWp-n-m-\p-ambn [\-Imcy a{n
Is-nb km-nI {]iv\ ]cn-lmc
amw \n`b F t]cn Hcp \n[n
cq]o-Ic
- n-p-Ib
- m-Wv. kv{XoImbn Hcp
_mpw XpS-p-as{X.
]e-ta-J-e-Ipw IqSp-X ]Ww
\on-hp F-hI
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_Pv \nt-i- Agn-p-]-WnXv _Pt- X - c - a mb am- n- e qsS P\- sf
C\nbpw ]ngn-q-p-sa-m-W.v ]me-sadn
hyh-b
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L-n AXns kwc-I
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- v. htXm-Xn ISw hmn-q-p-I,
s]mXp-ta-Je hnpXpe-bvp-I, ]W-scpw Dbpw hn[w Idkn ASn-n-dpI XpS-nb hn\m-iI
- c
- a
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thsd-bpw. km-cn\v km-nI D]tZiw \Im cq]o-I-cn--s-Sp Inn-I ]me-sans ]v Ipd-p-sIm-phv `c-W-\n-lW kwhn-[m-\-n
IqSp-X A[n-Im-c- tI{o-I-cn--Wsa \nt-ihpw aptm-p-h-bvp-p-v.
CXv ^mkn-k
- n-te-bvp Nhn-p-]S- n-bmsX asm-p-a-. hne--b-w, sXmgn-enm-bva, ]n-Wn, Zmcn-{Zyw, hnZym-`ym-k- s
- ]mXp-P\
- m-tcmKy kwhn-[m-\
- f
- psS XnI
A]-cym-]X
v X XpS-n-bh
- s
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Zpcn-X-a-\p-`-hn-p P\- {]Xo-tbmsS km-cns\ Dp-t\m-p-tm,
AXn-s\-p-dn-smpw Dcn-bm-Sm-sX, a[p-cn s]mXn hmp-If
- n, kmt-XnI
]Z-{]-tbm-K--fn Ip-II-fp-sSbpw
k--cp-sSbpw Xm-cy- hnf-n-hbvp-I-bmWv _P-n-eqsS tI{ km
sNp-X
- v.
_P-ns Cu P\-hn-cp kz`mhw
Xncn- - d nv AXn- s \- X nsc i_v Z - a pbm R P\--tfm-S-`yn-pp.

Vol 39 No. 12
Price : Rs 5.00

March 2013

men A\p-kva-c-W-Zn\w
BN-cnp

alm-\mb sXmgn-em-fn-h t\Xmhv kJmhv mens 60-mw Nc-a-hmjnIw BN-cn-psImv Fkv.-bp.-kn.-sF(-I-yq-Wn-v) ]me-mSv Pnm-n-n-bpsS B`n-ap-Jy-n
amv 3 \v \S ]T-\-]-cn-]m-Sn-bn ]mn tI{--n-n-bw-Khpw kwm-\-sk-{I--dnbp-amb kJmhv kn.-sI.-eq-tmkv ms-Sp-p-p. ]mn kwm-\-sk-{I-t-dn-b-wKw
kJmhv Pn.-Fk
- v.]
-
- I
- p-am Ay-X hln-p. Pnm-sk-{I-dn kJmhv sI.-A_
- vZp
Akokv Bap-J-{]-kwKw \S-n.

lyqtKm jmth-kns ac-W


n
sFF-knkn A\p-tim-Nn-p
C\m-j-W Bn Cw]o-cn-b-env tIm-HmUn-t\-nwKv Inn P\-d sk{Idn aWnIv apJPn ]pd-s-Sp-hn A\p-tim-N\ kt-iw.
ZoL-Im-e-ambn A_pZtcmK-hp-ambn a-Sn-p-sIm-n-cp s_mfnth-dn-b dnnIv Hm^v sh\n-tkz-e-bpsS {]kn-U v, Iam- v lyqtKm jmth-kns ac-Whm, temI-sa-m-Sp-ap km{am-Py-Xz-hn-cp--t]m-cm-fn-Iv I\ BLm-X-ambn. km{am-Py-Xz-n-s\-Xn-sc, hninjy Ata-cn- km{am-Py-Xz-bp-k
-
- m-l
- sXnsc \nc-cw s]mcp-Xnb [oc-tbm-m-hm-bn-cpp jmth-kv. km{am-Py-Xz-n-s\-Xnsc
Atlw \S-nb sNdp-p-\nv Fm cmPy--fn-sebpw kzmX-{y-t{]-an-I-fmb
P\-v {]tNm-Z-\-am-bn. Ata-cn- IS-m-{I-a-W-s-Xnsc Dd \ne-]m-sSSp-m emn-\-ta-cn- P\-Xbvv AXv t{]c-I-am-bn. sh\n-tkz-e-bpsS ]c-am-[nImcw kwc-n-p-hm\pw km{am-PyXz A[n-\n-th-i-sbpw ASn--a-ep-I-sfbpw
\oXn-\n-tj-[s
- bpw sNdp-p-hm-\p-ap ka-c
- n Atlw sh\n-tkz-eb
- nse P\v t\XrXzw \In. At-l-ns \ncym-W-n sF.-F.kn.kn AKm-[-amb
ZpxJw tcJ-s-Sp-p-Ibpw sh\n-tkz-e-bnse P\-pw At-l-ns IpSpw-_n\pw bqssW-Uv tkmjy-env ]mn Hm^v sh\n-tkz-ebvpw Dmb I\
\jvS-n lrZ-bw-K-a-amb A\p-tim-N\w Adn-bn-p-Ibpw sNp-p. ZpxJ-a-b-amb
Cu k`-n R sh\n-tkz-eb
- nse P\-t- fmSv sFIy-ZmVyw {]I-Sn-n-pIbpw km{am-Py-Xz-n\pw AXns A[n-\n-thi \S-]-Sn-Ipw FXn-cmb t]mcm-w
XpS-cp-sav Hcn- IqSn {]XnsbSp-p-Ibpw sNp-p.

aWnIv apJPn
P\-d sk{I-dn, sFF-knkn

km Unmvsam-n-smv sIF-kv-BSn-knsb \ne-\npI

sk{I--dn-b-n-\p-ap-n sXmgn-emfn [
km Unmv-samn-amnsmv sI.-F-kv.-B.-Sn.kn sb s]mXp--tkh-\-cw-Kv \ne-\n-W-sav {]apJ
t{SUv bqWn-b t\Xmhv {io.-sI.]n. tImk--ec-- m-a-Zmkv A`n-{]m-b-s-p. htgvkv
s^U-td-j sk{I--dn-b-n-\p-ap-n
kwL-Sn-n [ DZvLm-S\w sNbvXpsImv kwkm-cn-p-I-bm-bn-cpp Atlw. htgvkv s^U-td-j sshkv
{]kn-U v {io.-Pn.-a[
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- ]n AyX hln-p. s]-cp-pgn Fw.-X--,
hn.sI kZm-\
- , F-kv.k
- n-Xo-em Fnh {]kw-Kn-p. P-\-d sk{I-dn Un.kp-tc-i kzmKXw ]d-p. Fw.-F
A\n IrX-X tcJ-s-Sp-n. hnhn[
Untm-Ifn \nmbn \qdp-I-W-n\v
sXmgn-em-fn-I ]s-Sp-p.

s]mXp-]-n \nv Uok ASnbvm-- A\p-h-Zn-p-I,20 iX-am\w Uok \nIpXn Hgn-hm-pI Fnh km DS-\Sn {]mhn-I-am--Ww. kn.F-.Pn m v XpS-m 100 tImSn A\ph-Zn-X
- p-sImv Ctm-gp-mb {]Xn-k
- nv ]cn-lmcw Dm-hn-. Fpam{X-a,
am-kw 90 tImSn cq] \jvS-n sI.-Fkv.-B-.Sn.kn F{X Imew HmSn--gn-mem-Wv kn.-F.Pn m v m]n-s
- -SpI
FXv hya-. \n-e-hnse hn-I-fn
kn-.F
- .Pn Ishj hfsc sNe-thdnb
- X
- m--Wv. ]pXnb kn.-F.Pn hnI kuP-\y-ambn \Im tI{w Xm-dm-Iptam?
CsXmw IW-n-se-Sp-p-sIm-p-thWw
{]iv\s kao-]n-m. Cu kml--N-cyn, sI.-Fk
- v.B
- .-Sn.-knsb Kh-s v
Unmv s amnamn \ne- \ npI

sIF-kvB
- Snkn htgvkv s^U-td-j kwL-Sn-n sXmgn-em-fn-[ kJmhv sI.-]n.-tIm-ke
- c- m-aZ- mkv
DZvLm-S\w sNp-p.
F Unam v hfsc {]k--amsWv

sI.]n tImk-e-cm-a-Zmkv Nqn-m-n.

Edited, Printed & Published by C. K. Lukose, SUCI(C) Office, T.C. 12/1242, Law College Jn, Kunnukuzhy, Trivandrum - 695 035. Ph: 0471-2307151;
E-mail: unitymagazine@gmail.com; Website: www.kerala.sucicommunist.org on behalf of Kerala State Committee, SUCI(C).
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