Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 13

To differentiate parliamentary system of government from presidential To discuss the advantages and disadvantages of two forms of government To differentiate

unitary from federal system To discuss the advantages and disadvantages of unitary and federal systems

The term parliament comes from the French term parler, meaning to speak Parliaments are all debating chambers: that is, forums in which policies and political issues can be openly discussed and scrutinized

Executive

Personnel

Accountability

Legislature

Electorate

The elected leader presides as

head of state and government.

Executive

Checks and Balances


Judiciary

Separation of Powers
Legislature

Refers to legal and political

structures that distribute power territorially within a state.


Shared sovereignty

Central/federal government

Checks and balances


Provincial/state government

Sovereignty

Sovereign power is vested in a

single, national institution.


Devolved bodies have no share in

sovereignty; their powers are derived from the centre

Central government

Sovereignty

Local government

Devolved/ Regional bodies

Parliamentary Prime Minister President

Distinctions Leadership

Presidential President as head of state and government Executive Legislative Judiciary

Fusion between the executive and legislative branches Vote of no confidence or party vote

Separation of powers

Removal from Office

Impeachment