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Gr.

6 Science Feedback Sheet


Unit 2: Human Biology Name: Grade 6 Anatomy

Pig Heart Dissection Lab

Name: ___________________________ Date: ____________________________

! Unit Title

MYP ASSESSMENT TASK SHEET -- Science


Chemistry

Signicant Concept Scientists earlier discoveries about matter and atoms have helped us to understand what is happening to solids, liquids and gases (on a molecular level) as (s) they change from state to state. Unit Question(s) How have previous discoveries affect the way we see the world today?

As water changes from one state to another, will particle movement increase, decrease or stay the same? Assessment Task States of Matter Lab Teacher Task Overview What do you have to Conduct and complete the Matter of State lab in groups or 3-4. do? Complete the lab write-up. 1. Follow the proper procedures and set up the lab appropriately. 2. Following the steps provided, conduct the lab with your group members. Ensure each person has a role. 3. Think about and answer the questions as you go through the lab. 4. Collect data/make any observations. 5. When lab is completed, clean up and put away all materials. 6. Discuss questions with group members. 7. Complete an individual lab write-up and hand-in everything on

Monday, 6 May or Tuesday, 7 May.


How will you be assessed? When is the task due? You will be assessed using Criteria D, E and F. Introduced: Monday, 22 April or Tuesday, 23 April Lab conducted: Monday, 29 April or Tuesday 30 April Class time for write-up: Thursday, 2 May or Friday, 3 May Lab write-up DUE: Monday, 6 May or Tuesday, 7 May

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Student Self Reection -- Do this part after I have marked your lab What did you learn from this task?

What helped you to be successful?

What would you change if you had to do this task again?

Teacher Signature Comments are on Managbac and Comment

Parent Signature and Comment

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

States of Matter Lab

Level
0

Descriptors
Has not reached standard of any descriptors below. Attempts to recognize the purpose of investigation but makes incomplete or underdeveloped reference to variables. Suggested method is partially complete. Evaluation of method is absent or incomplete.

Indicators

I have a hypothesis My hypothesis is not linked to my


question.

1-2

I have not discussed any of the


questions for paragraph 3.

I have not attempted to discuss any


difficulties I had or that my group had.

Criterion D: Scientific Inquiry

3-4

Purpose of investigation is recognized but provides an underdeveloped explanation/prediction. Acknowledges some variables and attempts to describe how to manipulate them. Method suggested is partially complete and, with guidance, includes appropriate materials/equipment. Evaluation is partially developed.

I have a hypothesis using Ifthen because My hypothesis is somewhat linked to my question. I have attempted to discuss 2 of the questions for paragraph 3. I have attempted to discuss difficulties I had or that my group had.

5-6

Purpose of investigation is recognized and an attempt was made to articulate the research question. A simple hypothesis is formed and explained using scientific reasoning. Relevant variables are identified along with attempted explanations of how to manipulate them. With guidance, comments are made regarding reliability or validity of methods.

I have an appropriate hypothesis using Ifthen because My hypothesis is appropriately linked to my question. I have thoroughly discussed at least 2 of the questions for paragraph 3. I have clearly discussed any difficulties I had or that my group had.

STUDENT COMMENTS: What level do you think you should get?

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

TEACHER COMMENTS:

States of Matter Lab

Level
0

Descriptors
Has not reached standard of any descriptors below. Data is mostly organized and presented using simple numerical or diagrammatic forms and draws a conclusion.

Indicators

1-2

My conclusion attempts to discuss my hypothesis. I have minimal data/ observations.

Criterion E: processing data

What level do you think you should get?

Data is organized and My conclusion discusses my transformed into numerical and hypothesis. My conclusion explains why my diagrammatic forms and 3-4 presented appropriately. hypothesis is correct or not. My data/observations are clear Conclusion is consistent with and organized. the data. Data is organized and transformed My conclusion specifically into numerical and diagrammatic discusses my hypothesis. forms and presented appropriately. My conclusion fully and appropriately explains why my Trends, patterns or hypothesis is correct or not. 5-6 relationships are explained My data/observations are very including at least one comment clear and organized. on reliability. I have discussed at least one thing I might do differently for Conclusions are based on our next lab. reasonable interpretation of data. STUDENT COMMENTS:

TEACHER COMMENTS:

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

States of Matter Lab

Level 0

Descriptors Has not reached standard of any descriptors below. Guidance and supervision is required while using equipment. Needs reminders to work cooperatively and safely.

Indicators

1-2

I have needed reminders about how to work effectively and respectfully with my lab group. I have needed reminders about working safely and responsibly in the lab. I have needed frequent teacher guidance. I have usually worked effectively and respectfully with my lab group. I have usually worked safely and responsibly in the lab. I have needed some teacher guidance.

Requires frequent guidance with equipment Criterion F: attitudes in science 3-4 Usually pays attention to safety and works responsibly. Generally cooperates with others. Occasionally works independently with precision and skill. 5-6

I have consistently worked effectively and respectfully with my lab group. Pays close attention to safety I have consistently worked safely and works responsibly. and responsibly in the lab. I have needed very little teacher Consistently works as an guidance. effective and respectful team member.

STUDENT COMMENTS: What level do you think you should get?

TEACHER COMMENTS:

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

States Of Matter Lab Introduction:


This lab shows us what happens to the water when it changes to one state to another. To change the physical state you need to add heat and take away heat. Therefore, while doing that you are adding energy and removing energy from the water. So we have ice cubes in the beginning, then me and my lab group melt the ice to water, boil the water to gas and then, lastly, cool the water. In the end the water had been in solid, liquid and in gas form. The lab is showing us how its changes in between each form. After following a series of steps we will nd out what happens to the molecules during each state of matter in liquid, solid and gas form. During my research I have learned about how these different types of matter work in there atmosphere. In solid form molecules hold shape because there are tightly held together into one object. Liquid form has a free surface but it stays in one shape when in a container. Lastly, gas form has free movement and can ll an enclosed place completely in that specic shape.

Research questions:
The purpose of this experiment is to answer to following question:

As water changes from one state to another, will particle movement increase, decrease or stay the same? (solid to liquid to gas to liquid, etc.)
You will need to write some specic research questions here. You can write these ahead of time, or as you do your research. By the end, you should know: How do the molecules behave in a solid? The molecules holds shape because they are tightly packed together and they have a xed volume. How do the molecules behave in a liquid? The molecules have a free surface and holds the shape of container but has a xed volume. How do the molecules behave in a gas? It takes the shape of the container and it has the volume of the container and has free movement. What happens to the molecules as they change from a solid to a liquid? If you add energy to the solid it will turn into a liquid. What happens to the molecules as they change from a liquid to a gas?

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Energy is added causing the molecules to react to the added energy What happens to the molecules as they change from a gas to a liquid? Usually this happens when the gas becomes cooler. The temperature dropping makes the gas remove energy from its molecules. What happens to the molecules as they change from a liquid to a solid? Energy is added and it makes the molecules act up and create liquid. What causes matter to change from one state to another state? To change the state of matter you either have to take away energy or give energy. Usually, that happens from heat and cold. So if ice made out of water melts it turns into water, it is still water it just changed it appearance. That was a solid turning to liquid, liquids can turn to solids too.

Variables:
The independent variable is: (the one variable that you will change) The dependent variable is: (The variable that you are investigating) Changing the state of matter by adding heat. Will the particle movement increase, decrease, or stay the same?

Control Variables The factors that you keep the same, so that the experiment is a fair test. Try and list at least 5. Factors to be controlled: 1. Amount of heat Reason it needs to be controlled: It wont be accurate How it will be controlled: turn the knob to one temperature , and leave it there

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

2. Amount of ice

if we have to much water it will take too long to heat, too little and it wont take enough time If the thermomete r is too low down the water will look too hot because it will be right on the heat.

use the same amount of ice

3. Where you put the thermomete r

By having something that keeps the thermomete r in the middle of the beaker.

4 5

Hypothesis:
What will happen to the dependent variable as the independent variable is changed?

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

We think that the particle movement will increase when energy is added to the Ice and causes a change in the state matter. Why? Because when energy is added it causes a change in state of matter and in this case it is changing from a solid to a liquid which will cause change in the particle movement. What would that relationship look like? Try to graph or illustrate this:

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Materials:
List of materials needed here: Hot Plate Thermometer Tray 500ml Beaker Computer Ice Paper Towels

Diagram One: Set-up of your materials for this lab:

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Method:
1. Fill a 500 mL beaker with ice cubes, record the temperature: ______________. Add heat. As the ice is being heated: What is happening to the temperature?

As the ice heats, what is happening to the ice particles?

2. Once all the ice melts, record the temperature: _______________. Continue heating. As the water is heating, answer the following: What is heat? What is happening to the water? What is happening to the water particles? What is happening between the particles?

3. After the water has heated to boiling, record the temperature: _________. 4. Carefully pour the water into the plastic bottle and tightly cap the top.

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

5. Observe what happens to the container for about 15 minutes and record: What is happening to the plastic container? Why is this happening? What is making the container do this?

6. As the water begins to cool, observe what is happening and record: What is happening to the water bottle? Why is this happening to the water bottle? What is the difference between the water at this time versus the water when we initially poured it into the container? What change is happening to the water to make this event occur?

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Results:
Include a table for your results. The table should include: a descriptive title heading with units data is in the same units (units identied at the top of the table) units are not in the body of the table include processed data

Solid

Liquid

Gas

Observations

Ice Cubes in 500ml Beaker


Temperature: 0C Time: 8:52

Ice Melts
Temperature: 19C Time: 9:24

Water Boiling
Temperature: Time:

Water Cools
Temperature: Time:

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Solid

Liquid

Gas

Observations

1. What is happening to the temperature? Still 0C The temperature is going up and down. It is not going in order. The ice is changing to water very slowly (physical change) Temperature is rising

1. What is heat?

Heat is a form of energy.

1. What is happening to the plastic container?

1. What is happening to the water bottle?

It is hot because of the boiled water It is still liquid It has some condensation inside and outside

Our water bottle never cooled because we did not have the amount of time we needed.

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Solid

Liquid

Gas

Observations

2. As the ice heats, 2. What is happening to the water? what is happening to the It is now all ice particles? Ice is moving water down 23C There is still ice 9:28 Physical change is still happening Now at 500ml (ice on the top and some water on the bottle) 8:56 Now 400ml 9:00 2C Just a little more ice Moving the heat to 110C Moved to 9C 9:06 295ml Condensation is building 18C

2. Why is this happening?:

2. Why is this happening to the water bottle?

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Solid

Liquid

Gas

Observations

3. What is happening to the water particles?

They are starting to turn into a gas because the particles are moving around and being more flexible Bubbles are forming in water

3. What is making the 3. What is the container do this?: difference between the water at this time versus the water when we initially poured it into the container?

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Solid

Liquid

Gas

Observations

4. What is happening between the particles?

The heat was turned off, not on purpose, so we had to heat it back up We might not be able to finish the lab today Now 380ml 40C 9:41 45C 9:31 The 500ml beaker has condensation inside (steam is slowly building) The water is heating up slowly Still water, not gas yet 49C 9:37 54C 8:44 Water is going to boil soon 150C turned on, on the hot plate 61C 9:03 Turned to 160C 9:05 Turned to 180C 9:20 Some steam is coming out of the hot water

4. What change is happening to the water to make this event occur?

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Graph 1: Temperature readings collected during the lab


Include a graph of your results. The graph should include: a descriptive title clear and evenly marked scale y-axis labeled, including units x-axis labeled, including units appropriate type of graph drawn. Points are connected as a smooth line. clear and evenly marked scale key included when appropriate

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Tempature (C) and Time (:) 70.0

52.5

35.0

17.5

0 8:52 9:06 9:24 9:28 9:41 9:31 9:37 8:44 9:03 9:30

s ! wit h uni ts!

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Conclusion:

From the graph, the results show (What happens to the dependent variable as the independent variable changes?) . . .

From heating up the solid and liquid, it makes the particles move more freely when adding the different kind of energy. The particles became more exible and started moving around more like gas. Bubbles started to form in the bottom, as you can see in my data table in more detail. It took a while for the ice to change to water, and the water took awhile to heat up to gas form.

This happens because (Consider the concepts you used in your hypothesis). This is a good place to include some diagrams if they will help explain your ideas. Since heat is another form of energy, it changes matter from one state to another (physical change). The appearance change because bubbles started to build, condensation was in and out of the 500ml beaker. Some steam started to build so we could denitely see the physical change.

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Evaluation:
Table 2: Validity of the method (Was the investigation a Fair Test?) If you were not able to control any of the control variables you listed above, how did any change in that variable affect your data?
Control variable What affect did this Degree of impact Improvement (how to x that was not have when (small, medium or the problem): controlled: comparing the large): independent and dependent variables? In my opinion, it was We needed more time or we 1. Since the heat The hot plate still heated up the a medium impact needed to heat up the hot took so long to water but not all because we did plate earlier so we could heat everything the way to gas not even get to get to 100C faster. up, it was not the form, so I could not see the water in most trustful get all of my gas form. We did temperature.
observations. see some steam. I was kind of disappointed.

2 3

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Table 3: Reliability of the method: Were there enough trials? Did multiple trials give similar data? Are there anomalous points?
Reliability of data. The measuring instruments. a) Did the measuring The measuring instruments were the thermometer (temperature), instruments collect data that 500ml beaker and time (clock). They all collected the correct can be trusted? data, but if we had time we could have done the experiment again to make sure they all did. Yes/ No Explanation (why / why not?)

b) Was the experiment repeated enough times? Yes/ No

No, my group only did it once so we could have done it again if we had more time. We would have got more correct measurements if we did it again.

c) Did the measuring instrument collect precise data? (i.e. Did the multiple trials give similar data?) Yes/ No

Yeah, each specic one did but overall we did not get the exact measurement. Well, we were never sure so we kind of just worked on the measurements we had. Also we only did it once so we dont know if each one would give us similar data.

Size of sample.

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

Reliability of data. d) was the range large enough? Why/ Why not?

Explanation (why / why not?)

Yes/ No

No, it was not because we only got from 0C to 70C. We were supposed to get to 100C, boiling point. This was the hot plates problem in this experiment.

Were there any surprising results? What were they? One surprising result was that it took so long to heat the water up to gas form. We only had time to get the water to have some steam.

You are almost done! Now go back to the beginning and give your investigation a title using the dependent and independent variable.

Reference List:
Pictures on Mr. McKinneys Website http://www.shanesclassroom.com/science-blog-d2p1.html Padilla, Michael J., Martha Cyr, and Ioannis Miaoulis. Prentice Hall Science Explorer. Needham, Mass.: Prentice Hall, 2000. Print.

Isaac May

Thursday, 16 May 2013 8:28:06 AM Hong Kong SAR China Time

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