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CAPE 2003 ANSWERS FOR MODULE 1 STRUCTURED QUESTIONS

I. WHAT TIME DID THE ACCIDENT OCCUR? WAS IT RAINING?


DID ANYONE ELSE OTHER THAN THOSE YOU NAMED,
WITNESS THE ACCIDENT? WAS THERE ANYONE /THING IN
THE DRIVERS’ PATH? WERE THERE PASSENGERS IN THE
NEXT CAR? WHAT HAPPENED TO THE PASSENGERS OF THE
NEXT CAR?
2 a. ROY WAS A PRIMARY SOURCE...HE WAS NOT IN ANYWAY
DIRECTLY INVOLVED EXCEPT AS A WITNESS...HE CAN THEREFORE
MAINTAIN AN OBJECTIVE APPROACH
2b. THREE SOURCES: DRIVER OF THE OTHER CAR. THE TWO
PASSERS-BY. WIFE AND CHILDREN OF THE INJURED DRIVER

3a. THREE FACTS: MAKE OF THE CARS. DIRECTION THE CARS


WERE TRAVELLING IN? THE NUMBER OF PERSONS TAKEN TO THE
HOSPITAL? THE EXACT/APPROXIMATE TIME OF THE ACCIDENT?
SPEED AT WHICH THE WITNESS STATED THAT THE CARS WERE
TRAVELLING AT.

3b. FACTS THAT THE POLICE WONT INCLUDE IN REPORT: ROY


WAS ON HIS WAY TO CHURCH. ROY WAS 50 YEARS OLD.

4a. THIS IS INFORMATION FROM I SAMPLE/ACCIDENT AND


THEREFORE IT WILL NO BE AN ACCURATE REPRESENTATION OF
WHOLE POPULATION.

4b. NUMBER OF ACCIDENTS PER YEAR\. REASONS FOR THE


ACCIDENTS. WHERE THESE ACCIDENTS TOOK PLACE? THE
GENDER OF THE DRIVER? THE AGE GROUP OF THE DRIVER?
MODULE 2
5. THAT DIALECT (in this scenario notice that Vishnu confuses
Dialect with creole...but a linguist will not do that as it is separate
and distinct) IS THE LANGUAGE OF THE LOWER CLASS. Ii) THAT
DIALECT IS NOT A LANGUAGE. Iii) THAT WHEN ONE SPEAKS
DIALECT HE/SHE IS NOT SPEAKING PROPER/ OR IS SPEAKING
IMPROPERLY.

6. THE SUGGESTED RELATIONSHIP IS THAT THE UPPER CLASS


DO NOT SPEAK DIALECT AND THAT THE UPPER CLASS ONLY SPEAK
STANDARD ENG. THAT DIALECT LABELS A SPEAKER AS IN A
LOWER CLASS IN SOCIETY.

7. OTHERS IN COMMUNITY CAN UNDERSTAND IT


HAS ITS RULES
HAS ITS ORIGIN IN THE STANDARD ENGLISH
May/June 2004
Paper 01/A - 1hr

MODULE 1 - GATHERING AND PROCESSING INFORMATION

Recently, several media reports have suggested that teenagers spend far too much time watching
television and, consequently, neglect other important activities. A group of Sixth Form students
at McIntosh High School in a Caribbean country has been assigned by their coordinator to
research this phenomenon as it relates to their school.

1. (a) Identify TWO methods that students could use to gather data for their research.

( i ) Questionnaire
( ii ) Face to face Interview (This is correct but to be really be specific here ...eg face
to face interview or group interview BE SPECIFIC WHEN NECESSARY!
[2 marks]

(b) For ONE of the methods identified in (a) above, state ONE advantage and ONE
disadvantage.

Advantage ( Questionnaire )

A large geographical area can be covered THIS IS NOT REALLY AN ADV FOR
QUESTIONNAIRE CORRECT POSSIBLE ANSWER
Eg easy to collate, quantitative data,

[1 mark]

Disadvantage ( Questionnaire )
Since there is no interviewer any ambiguous questions cannot be clarified.
INCORRECT
CORRECT possible answers: time consuming, can be expensive to undertake, plenty
information

[1 mark]

(c) Which THREE of the following activities would the students need to do in order to
conduct their research?

( i ) Choose a sample that is representative of the school population.

( ii ) Interview parents, teachers, and the principal, but not students.

( iii ) Identify other important activities.

( iv ) Find out if watching television prevents students from participating in other


important activities.

( v ) Find out the percentage of students who watch Black Entertainment Television
(BET) and Music Television (MTV).

( i ), ( iv ) CORRECT

[3 marks]

Total 7 marks

2. Two of the students are overheard discussing sources to be used for the research.

Paul: I say that we should forget that article from 'The Gazette' and concentrate instead on
parents as a source.

Beryl: No way! 'The Gazette' article, "Are our teens watching too much television?" is a
much better source.

( a ) Explain how EACH of the sources mentioned in the dialogue above could be used in
the research.

Parents could be used as a primary source while the article in The Gazette can be used
as a secondary source.

CORRECT
[4 marks]

(b) Name TWO other sources from which the students may collect data for their research.
CORRECT .....teachers, other students, other documented research on similar topic,
journals article on the same topic, website giving info on the same topic

( i ) Photographs
( ii ) Interviews INCORRECT

[2 marks]

( c ) If the article in The Gazette were written about teenagers in a non-Caribbean country,
how appropriate would it be to use it in the research on McIntosh High School?

The article may not contain reliable or valid information to use in the research on McIntosh High
School as different countries/areas possess differing norms and values NOT NORMS AND
VALUES BUT CULTURES, LIFESTYLESinfluencing the behavioral patterns of individuals
living there.
IT CAN BE USEFUL FOR MAKING COMPARISONS AND CONTRASTS
For example, teenagers in non-Caribbean countries may spend more time doing outdoor sports
where as in the Caribbean, teenagers are not pressured into pursuing anything in particular hence
they may allocate more time toward television.

[2 marks]

; Total 8 marks

May/June 2005
Paper 01/A - 1 hr

MODULE 1 - GATHERING AND PROCESSING INFORMATION

A group of Agricultural Science students at Miller High School, which is located in a remote
community, is doing research on the transportation problems faced by the small farmers in the
community.

1. ( a ) ( i ) List TWO methods, other than a questionnaire, that would be suitable for gathering
data for this research.

Method 1: Interview MORE SPECIFIC face to face or telephone

Method 2: Direct Observation

[2 marks]

( ii ) State ONE strength and ONE weakness of EACH method listed in 1 ( a ) above.

Strength of Method 1
*this allows for the interviewer to clarify any ambiguous questions.

• Reliable; accurate; immediate feedback


• [1 mark]

Weakness of Method 1
Information obtained can be difficult to assess;
Always a level of bias
Responses not always honest
Farmers can feel intimidated

[1 mark]

Strength of Method 2
DIRECT OBSERVATION
• Covers a large population
• Easily accomplished
• Can see for oneself

[1 mark]

Weakness of Method 2
Can be time consuming and
• possess observer bias.

[1 mark]

( b ) Suggest TWO reasons why a questionnaire might NOT be suitable for


collecting the data for this research.

( i )the possibility that their literacy level may be very low/ these
farmers may be illiterate.
• .

( ii ) might misinterpret the questions posed.


• Difficulty in retrieving/collecting the questionnaire

[2 marks]

Total 8 marks

2. ( a ) State THREE questions which the students might ask the farmers that
would elicit valid data for this research.

( i ) What goods do you produce?

( ii ) What mode of transportation do you use to transport these goods?

( iii ) How often do you require transport?


• How much does it cost you to transport your crop

[3 marks]

(b) Name FOUR sources, other than the farmers themselves, that could
provide information on the transportation problems faced by the farmers in the
community.

( i ) consumers of the produce


( ii ) other residents
( iii ) newsletter/newspaper articles on the same topic
( iv ) research findings of other researchers

[4 marks]

Total 7 marks