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CONTRAST

FOR BACHILLERATO 1

EXTRA EXAM PRACTICE

WITH ANSWER KEY

EXTRA EXAM PRACTICE 1

Read the text and answer the questions that follow.

Extreme Cellists

I Most string musicians are found in the orchestra at concert halls; not many cellists play while exploring cities or hiking through the countryside, but this is exactly what the Extreme Cellists do. This British trio claims to bring together extreme sport and performance art – usually cello music played outdoors to raise money and awareness for various charities.

II All the group members are classically trained musicians. Clare Wallace teaches music and sings. James Rees also teaches, while Jeremy Dawson works as a statistician in addition to singing in a cathedral choir. Not surprisingly, their website also lists the soccer teams they support!

III At their first appearance on Original Extreme Cello Day in 2003, the cellists climbed up a mountain to give their first performance, then down into a cave to deliver their second. Later, they arrived in the city of Sheffield and climbed up to the roof of a building for the third concert; they performed the fourth on a station platform, the fifth in a forest, and then played their last concert in a greenhouse in a city park. This is all even harder than it sounds because the musicians had to carry their cellos, each weighing about 13.5 kilograms, from venue to venue.

IV Other appearances followed quickly, giving the group a chance to play various classical works, as well as modern pieces by the Beatles and other contemporary musicians. The more challenging of their outings included trekking over 300 kilometres coast to coast, climbing the four highest mountains in the United Kingdom and performing on the top of each to raise money for the Mountain Rescue charity. The group has also played at all 42 Anglican cathedrals in England, often on the roof, and on every street appearing on the London Monopoly board.

V Who knows what these players will do next? Whatever it is, it will surely be a good way to raise money for worthy causes, pleasing listeners at the same time.

1 Choose the correct answer.

1. On the Original Extreme Cello Day, the trio … .

a. gave a total of five concerts in all

b. stayed in Sheffield for all the concerts

c. did not play inside any concert hall

2. The writer … .

a. expresses no opinion about the group

b. admires the Extreme Cellists’ activities

c. disapproves of the trio’s extreme performances

2

Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F). Find evidence in the text to justify your answers.

……

1. All the cellists play soccer for British teams.

……

2. The group has given concerts on 42 UK mountains.

……

3. The trio has performed on a number of London streets.

3

Complete the sentences.

 
 

Group members have been trained

.

The type of music played by the trio varies from

.

4

Answer the question.

 

What is the ultimate aim of the group?

 

5

Find words or expressions in the text that mean the same as:

 

1. knowledge (paragraph I)

………………………

2. names (paragraph II)

………………………

3. difficult (paragraph IV)

………………………

4. good (paragraph V)

………………………

6

Write a composition of about 100-150 words. Choose ONE option.

 

1.

Write a review of a musical performance that you have heard live or on a recording.

2.

Should extreme sports be banned? Explain why or why not.

EXTRA EXAM PRACTICE 2

Read the text and answer the questions that follow.

Players at Risk?

I More than 20 years ago, Daniele Tognaccini, athletic coach of AC Milan football club, wrote an essay at university about “The use of computing in modern physical training programming”. It is therefore not surprising that in 2002, his team was the first to start using a new computer program designed to predict and reduce player injuries.

II Working with the company Computer Associates, Milan have developed a program that analyses data about the team’s 50 or so players: their injury history and recovery time; their performance, diet, biochemistry, skeleton structure and weight distribution. Additional information, such as the number of calories in players’ meals, is entered into the program in real time, allowing it to predict which players are most at risk in any given game.

III Today, when big sport is big business, the value of the program is obvious. Teams pay millions of euros for top players and do not want to see them sitting on the side due to injury. Players, too, benefit from the system: by knowing how their body systems are functioning, says the Milan team psychologist, they will be able to improve their attitude and performance.

IV The program has been very successful for Milan: muscle injuries declined from 41 to three in a period of two years, with overall player injury reduced by 91%. However, the system isn’t foolproof; players may still get hurt with unpredictable injuries, such as a ball hitting the head. In addition, there is the issue of security; rivals could achieve a significant advantage if they gained access to a club’s statistics. To counter this threat, Milan have established strong online security, and the site housing the computers is protected by armed guards, with biometric checks at entry points. Finally, the system is expensive, although exact amounts have not been revealed.

V Computer Associates expects interest in its computer technology to spread dramatically. Will such programs, however, come close to the success rate achieved by Paul the Octopus, who gained fame during the 2010 World Cup? Paul correctly predicted the outcome of all seven of the matches played by Germany (his home country), as well as choosing Spain as the eventual winner.

1 Choose the correct answer.

1. The data used by the program … .

a. includes information about players’ body shape

b. must all be re entered before each game

c. is entered by approximately fifty different people

2. One advantage of the system is that … .

a. teams will pay less money for their top players

b. team psychologists will have more work

c. the players’ attitudes will be more positive

2

Answer the questions.

1. Why is it not surprising that AC Milan were the first team to use the new computer

program?

2. What are the disadvantages of this program?

3 Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F). Find evidence in the text to justify

your answers.

……

……

1.

2.

Online access to the system is very secure.

Paul the Octopus indicated that Spain would win the World Cup.

4 Rewrite the following sentences without changing the original meaning.

4 Rewrite the following sentences without changing the original meaning.

4 Rewrite the following sentences without changing the original meaning.

1.

New information is entered into the program by the experts.

New information is entered into the program by the experts.

The experts

2. Additional information is entered into the program, allowing it to predict which players are most at risk.

Additional information which

5 Find words or expressions in the text that mean the same as:

1. in danger (paragraph II)

………………………

2. the best (paragraph III)

………………………

3. perfect (paragraph IV)

………………………

4. result (paragraph V)

………………………

6 Write a composition of about 100-150 words. Choose ONE option.

1. If you were a team player, would you like to know your predicted success rate? Why or why not?

EXTRA EXAM PRACTICE 3

Read the text and answer the questions that follow.

Players at Risk?

I More than 20 years ago, Daniele Tognaccini, athletic coach of AC Milan football club, wrote an essay at university about “The use of computing in modern physical training programming”. It is therefore not surprising that in 2002, his team was the first to start using a new computer program designed to predict and reduce player injuries.

II Working with the company Computer Associates, Milan have developed a program that analyses data about the team’s 50 or so players: their injury history and recovery time; their performance, diet, biochemistry, skeleton structure and weight distribution. Additional information, such as the number of calories in players’ meals, is entered into the program in real time, allowing it to predict which players are most at risk in any given game.

III Today, when big sport is big business, the value of the program is obvious. Teams pay millions of euros for top players and do not want to see them sitting on the side due to injury. Players, too, benefit from the system: by knowing how their body systems are functioning, says the Milan team psychologist, they will be able to improve their attitude and performance.

IV The program has been very successful for Milan: muscle injuries declined from 41 to three in a period of two years, with overall player injury reduced by 91%. However, the system isn’t foolproof; players may still get hurt with unpredictable injuries, such as a ball hitting the head. In addition, there is the issue of security; rivals could achieve a significant advantage if they gained access to a club’s statistics. To counter this threat, Milan have established strong online security, and the site housing the computers is protected by armed guards, with biometric checks at entry points. Finally, the system is expensive, although exact amounts have not been revealed.

V Computer Associates expects interest in its computer technology to spread dramatically. Will such programs, however, come close to the success rate achieved by Paul the Octopus, who gained fame during the 2010 World Cup? Paul correctly predicted the outcome of all seven of the matches played by Germany (his home country), as well as choosing Spain as the eventual winner.

1 Choose the correct answer.

1. The data used by the program … .

a. includes information about players’ body shape

b. must all be re entered before each game

c. is entered by approximately fifty different people

2. One advantage of the system is that … .

a. teams will pay less money for their top players

b. team psychologists will have more work

c. the players’ attitudes will be more positive

2

Answer the questions.

1. Why is it not surprising that AC Milan were the first team to use the new computer

program?

2. What are the disadvantages of this program?

3 Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F). Find evidence in the text to justify

your answers.

……

……

1.

2.

Online access to the system is very secure.

Paul the Octopus indicated that Spain would win the World Cup.

4 Rewrite the following sentences without changing the original meaning.

4 Rewrite the following sentences without changing the original meaning.

4 Rewrite the following sentences without changing the original meaning.

1.

New information is entered into the program by the experts.

New information is entered into the program by the experts.

The experts

2. Additional information is entered into the program, allowing it to predict which players are most at risk.

Additional information which

5 Find words or expressions in the text that mean the same as:

1. in danger (paragraph II)

………………………

2. the best (paragraph III)

………………………

3. perfect (paragraph IV)

………………………

4. result (paragraph V)

………………………

6 Write a composition of about 100-150 words. Choose ONE option.

1. If you were a team player, would you like to know your predicted success rate? Why or why not?

EXTRA EXAM PRACTICE 4

Read the text and answer the questions that follow.

Pet Airways

I Most commercial airlines are fairly similar in appearance and service. In Business Class, food may be tastier, seats wider and attention more personal, but otherwise there is little variation. However, one new company has revolutionised commercial air travel.

II Until 2009, pet owners who needed to fly with their pets had to place the animals under their seat or send them as cargo along with their suitcases. Dan Wiesel and Alysa Binder, owners of a dog called Zoe, found this unacceptable, and as a result, they set up Pet Airways. Established in 2009 for pets only, Pet Airways flies its passengers to several destinations within the United States. It uses planes that have been specially modified to accommodate animal carriers in a temperaturecontrolled and welllit cabin. Animals – dogs, cats and some smaller animals are monitored by trained attendants every fifteen minutes during the flight, and given “bathroom breaks” when necessary.

III Pet Airways requests information on the breed, height and weight of the pet when reservations are being made, so that an appropriately sized carrier can be prepared. It also requires proof of the animal’s good health and vaccinations. At least one hour before the flight, pets must be taken to the checkin desk with their luggage – one small bag is allowed. And while owners may supply a towel or Tshirt with their scent to comfort their pet, the airline prohibits tranquillisers, as these may be dangerous to the animal’s health. Similarly, owners are advised not to feed pets for four hours before a flight, and only water is offered on board. During the journey, owners can track their animals’ location, which is regularly posted online. Pets may be picked up in the airline’s lounge 30 minutes after landing.

IV The cost of a journey varies according to length and other variables, but a typical oneway ticket is $250, which compares favourably with the approximately $100 that other airlines take to fly animals in less comfortable conditions. This payment includes insurance, and pets may even join a travel scheme offering special discounts and free air miles.

V Pet Airways has been well received not only by pets and their owners, but also by airline executives and vets, who mention the comfort and safety provided for the animals. Some also point out the reduction in travelrelated stress – that of the pets and their owners!

1 Choose the correct answer.

1. Passengers on the new airline … .

a. may fly to any destination worldwide

b. include all animals who need to travel

c. are placed in special carriers for the flight

2. Animals on Pet Airways flights … .

a. should be checked in an hour before the flight

b. may not send any luggage

3.

Pet Airways … .

a. charges about $100 per flight

b. provides insurance for pets

c. does not give fare discounts

2 Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F). Find evidence in the text to justify your answers.

……

1. Flight attendants are allowed to take a break every 15 minutes.

……

2. Owners must prove that their animals are healthy.

……

3. During the flight, pet owners can see online where their animals are.

3 Rewrite the following sentences without changing the original meaning.

1. One new company has revolutionised air travel.

Air travel

2. Pets may be picked up after landing.

Pets may be picked up after the plane

4 Complete the sentences using the information given in the text. Use your own words as far as possible.

1. Pet Airways uses cabins

2. It is advised that pets not be

5 Find words or expressions in the text that mean the same as:

1. put (paragraph II)

………………………

2. checked (paragraph II)

………………………

3. smell (paragraph III)

………………………

4. price (paragraph IV)

………………………

6 Write a composition of about 100-150 words. Choose ONE option.

1. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of owning a pet.

EXTRA EXAM PRACTICE 5

Read the text and answer the questions that follow.

Visiting the Unusual

Most visitors to the United States plan to see New York’s Statue of Liberty, California’s Golden Gate Bridge or the Grand Canyon. However, there are many other unusual places of interest for the curious traveller, of which the following are just examples.

I

II If you are interested in the supernatural, you might want to visit the Oregon Vortex, situated at Gold Hill, Oregon. The vortex is a circular area over 50 metres in diameter that lies partially underground. It is known for distorting the height of people standing within it: this means that people seem taller or shorter as they move around. They also appear to be leaning at a 7.5 degree angle even when they think that they are standing straight. Balls seem to roll uphill in the vortex and a broom appears to be standing up by itself. Scientific explanations rely on optical illusions, or some abnormality in magnetic fields, but not everyone agrees: Native Americans were terrified of the area they called “The Forbidden Ground” and could not persuade their horses to enter it. Adding to the effect is “The House of Mystery”, an old mining building that moved to a weird angle soon after it was built in 1904. It is supposedly haunted by the ghost of John Lister, a settler who spent a lot of time in the area trying to work out its mysteries.

III You may also enjoy a visit to Carhenge, located in Alliance, Nebraska. As its name suggests, it was inspired by Stonehenge in England. However, instead of huge stone columns forming circles, this structure is made up of cars. Intended to honour his father, artist Jim Reinders found 38 old cars, sprayed them grey and erected them in a circle measuring about 29 metres in diameter. Officially opened in 1987, the site now includes other car sculptures that are painted a variety of colours.

IV So if you are planning a trip to the US, remember that with a bit of research, you can find many unusual sites that will make your trip a memorable one.

1 Choose the correct answer.

1. The Oregon Vortex … .

a. is not located in Oregon

b. lies about 50 metres underground

c. is circular in shape

2. Which is NOT an illusion created by the vortex?

a. People appear to change height as they walk around.

b. People seem to stand straight even when leaning.

c. Balls look as if they run uphill.

3.

Carhenge … .

a. is a circle constructed of old grey cars

b. was copied by the builders of England’s Stonehenge

c. now stands alone on the site in Alliance, Nebraska

2 Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F). Find evidence in the text to justify your answers.

……

1.

The writer believes that curious visitors may find unusual sites to visit.

……

2.

There are no rational explanations for the phenomena at the Oregon

Vortex.

……

3.

Carhenge was built by the father of the artist, Jim Reinders.

3 Rewrite the following sentences without changing their original meanings.

1. The area is known for distorting the height of people standing within it.

The area is famous because

2. Native Americans could not persuade their horses to enter the area.

The horses

4 Find words or expressions in the text that mean the same as:

1.

very interested in knowing

something (paragraph I)

………………………

2.

located (paragraph II) ………………………

3.

turn over and over (paragraph

II)

………………………

4.

discover (paragraph IV) ………………………

5 Write a composition of about 100-150 words. Choose ONE option.

1. Describe an interesting place you have visited in your own country or abroad.

EXTRA EXAM PRACTICE 6

Read the text and answer the questions that follow.

5

10

15

20

Crowdfunding

Suppose you’ve got a great idea – for a product, a CD or perhaps a restaurant. In order to turn the dream into a reality, you will probably need lots of money. In the past, you probably would have asked a wealthy person or a company for financial support. Today, however, your best chance to get a donor may be to consult the Internet.

In a new phenomenon called “crowdfunding”, creative individuals publicise their projects on the Internet, where they also ask for small financial donations. The donors may provide funds for free or ask for something in return. This may be a percentage of the potential profits or something more immediate, such as a sample of the product. Often, if the project is not completed within a specified amount of time, the donation must be returned.

The use of crowdfunding for creative projects became successful around 2008. Its success is partly due to the popularity of social networking sites which allow donors to check out the individuals who ask for funds. In addition, donors can help to ensure the success of their projects by publicising them over the Internet. Today, there are several crowdfunding sites matching donors and creators, and they often specialise in one particular area, such as the music or fashion business. And there are many satisfied users: Jeneen Terrana, for example, raised money for her CD album by baking treats for investors. Another example is Melissa Maples, who is using crowdfunding to finance a book of photographs of Turkey. She has promised her donors a financial reward when her project is finished.

One advantage of this system is that creators can judge which projects are likely to become popular by seeing which ones actually attract investors; this means that they do not waste time developing ideas that will have little appeal. In addition, crowdfunding helps creative individuals develop their ideas without having first to convince big establishments like record companies of their talent.

Many people now think that the future of creative industries lies in crowdfunding. Perhaps your dream of a company, novel or film will become a reality if you too turn to the Internet for funds.

1 Choose the correct answer.

1. In the past, turning creative ideas into reality … .

a. was impossible

b. was only for the wealthy

c. was possible with financial support

2. Crowdfunding Internet sites … .

a. are especially popular in the music industry

b. allow creators to find people who are willing to invest

c. helped Jeneen Terrana to meet Melissa Maples

3. Which is NOT given as an advantage of crowdfunding?

a. It saves time for the people who have got a creative idea.

b. All creations are popular.

2

Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F). Find evidence in the text to justify your answers.

……

1.

Donations are always given for nothing in return.

……

2.

There is often no time specification for the project.

3 Rewrite the following sentences without changing the original meaning.

1.

Another creator is Melissa Maples; she is financing a book of photographs.

Melissa Maples

2.

This film may succeed if the creator uses crowdfunding.

This film may not succeed

4 Choose the correct meaning for each word.

1.

wealthy (line 2)

 

a. famous c.

important

b. rich

d.

intelligent

2.

funds (line 5)

a. money c.

items

b. ideas

d.

workers

3.

check out (line 9)

a. socialise with

c.

learn about

b. work for d.

criticise

4.

appeal (line 16)

a. use

c.

size

b. attraction

d.

humour

5 Write a composition of about 100-150 words. Choose ONE option.

1. If you were a business person, what types of business would you invest in? Why?

2. Write a letter describing a project that you would like people to invest in.

EXTRA EXAM PRACTICE 7

Read the text and answer the questions that follow.

Mobile Phone Literature

I It’s no surprise that due to technological advances such as cable TV and computer games, young people are reading less today than teens read 20 years ago. However, in South Africa, a new initiative is actually using technology to encourage young people to read.

II In South Africa, more than half the families don’t own any leisure reading material, and only seven per cent of schools have a functioning library. Some effort has been made to get computers into more schools, but even then, each pupil will only have about 30 minutes’ access a week. However, according to a recent survey, most youngsters do own mobile phones, and this has inspired aid worker Steve Vosloo to launch a campaign called Mobile for Literacy, or m4Lit, which publishes full length novels on mobile phones.

III The first 20 page story, called Konta x, appeared in English and isiXhosa, an African language, in October 2009. By April 2010, it had been read by more than 33,000 phone users, and organisers received about 4,000 texted comments. Teens were also encouraged to take part in writing competitions, and to suggest new ideas, characters and plots. As a result, more books were published, some of which aim to help youngsters deal with the real issues in their lives such as drug use, teen pregnancy and HIV/AIDS. The stories are free, although phone users are charged for receiving pictures, bringing the cost to between 5 and 9 cents per chapter.

IV The success of the m4Lit project has led to the creation of additional schemes to keep young people reading; Yoza, for example, is a mobile library collection of these mstories. It not only presents work by local writers but will also publish stories sent in by the teens and there will be competitions with prizes.

V So it seems that in South Africa at least, on screen rather than on paper reading is the way of the future. Teens may soon be asking each other, “Have you been texted any good books lately?”

1 Choose the correct answer.

1. In South Africa, … .

a. more than half of the population doesn’t read

b. under ten per cent of schools has a library

c. every student in the country uses a computer half an hour a week

2. Mobile for Literacy … .

a. is a campaign to promote mobile phones

b. is a 20 page novel written by Steve Vosloo

c. is available in two languages

3. Yoza … .

a. led to the creation of the m4Lit project

b. was created by famous South African writers

2

Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F). Find evidence in the text to justify your answers.

……

1.

Readers sent in about 33,000 texts about the novel in the first half

year.

……

2.

Organisers want teens to share their ideas.

……

3.

Phone users will have to pay a small amount to receive pictures.

3 Answer the questions.

1.

How were teens involved in the project?

2.

How can reading these novels help teens?

4 Rewrite the following sentences without changing their original meanings.

1. A new initiative is actually using technology to encourage young people to read.

By using technology,

2. The success of the m4Lit project has led to the creation of additional schemes.

Additional schemes

5 Find words or expressions in the text that mean the same as:

1.

motivate (paragraph I)

………………………

2.

start (paragraph II)

………………………

3.

participate (paragraph III)

………………………

4.

at no cost (paragraph III) ………………………

6 Write a composition of about 100-150 words. Choose ONE option.

1. Write a review of a novel you have read recently.

EXTRA EXAM PRACTICE 8

Read the text and answer the questions that follow.

Olympics in Cyber Space

I For most popular sports, there is usually one important competitive event that makes champions: tennis has Wimbledon, football has the World Cup, while a gold medal at the Olympics is every athlete’s dream. But what about cyber athletes, people who, for example, play football on the video screen rather than out on the pitch? Well, for them, one of the main tournaments is the World Cyber Games (WCG), which has become the “Olympics” for video gamers.

II Starting in Seoul, South Korea, in 2001, the games have been held annually in different cities worldwide. Like the actual Olympics, competing nations send teams to represent their own country. The matches, supervised by official referees, are held in a large hall where players are seated in a circle in front of video monitors. The games are varied and include fun titles such as Guitar Hero 5 and Warcraft III, but this is all taken very seriously because of the possibility of winning a quarter of a million dollars or gaming equipment.

III Over the years, the games have grown in popularity; by 2010, over 400 competitors arrived from 58 different countries in Europe, America and Asia, and the athletes were cheered on by thousands of spectators. Although the United States is considered an important participant since so many game developers are located there and because English is the universal language of gaming, one of the favourites in 2010 was the Ukrainian team.

IV However, many of the best players come out of Asia. This may be because competitive gaming is extremely popular there, especially in South Korea. Three cable channels are devoted to cyber games, and there are ten professional leagues throughout the country. As a result of this interest, successful players receive the same attention as sports heroes or rock stars in the West. They earn high incomes, too, with top players earning in excess of $100,000 a year.

V The World Cyber Games use the motto “Beyond the Game”. For some sponsors, like Microsoft, this may refer to the opportunity to try out experimental software. For players, however, it probably refers to the skill they bring to the games and the thrill of playing.

1 Choose the correct answer.

1. The World Cyber Games … .

a. takes place every four years

b. is held annually in Seoul

c. is in a different city every year

2. In the year 2010, … .

a. players from three different continents attended the games

b. each country was allowed to send 58 players to the WCG

c. the games proved to be less popular than in previous years

3. The writer mentions participation by the following countries EXCEPT … .

a. United States

b. England

2

Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F). Find evidence in the text to justify your answers.

……

1.

The WCG are part of the Olympics.

……

2.

The games are in many languages.

……

3.

The Ukrainian team participated in the 2010 WCG.

3 Complete the sentences using the information given in the text.

1.

Official referees

2.

Winners of the WCG

3.

Thousands of spectators

4 Answer the question.

Why are there successful cyber game players in South Korea?

5 Find words or expressions in the text that mean the same as:

1.

aspiration (paragraph I) ………………………

2.

increased (paragraph III) ………………………

3.

more than (paragraph IV)

………………………

4.

test (paragraph V)

………………………

6 Write a composition of about 100-150 words. Choose ONE option.

1. In your opinion, should cyber games be considered a sport? Why or why not?

2. Do you think that athletes deserve to earn huge sums of money? Explain why or why not.

EXTRA EXAM PRACTICE 9

Read the text and answer the questions that follow.

Origami: More Than Art

When paper was invented in China around 2,000 years ago, people began to fold it into twoand threedimensional shapes. This custom spread to Japan in the 6th century, but was not widely practised in the West until the middle of the 20th century. Today origami – from the Japanese words ori (to fold) and kami (paper) – is wellknown as a hobby and method of art. It uses folds of flowers, animals, objects and people to decorate cards, gifts, Christmas trees and more.

means interpreting symbols in sequence, which is essential for reading. And in mathematics, easy folds

teach students about shapes like squares and triangles, while three dimensional models help the

understanding of more advanced concepts. In fact, origami sekkei, or technical origami, where folds are

programmed on computer before being done by hand, has been used by engineers to design various

everyday items. For example, the way that automobile airbags are folded was inspired by the folds of an

origami insect, while the circuit board of mobile phones was modelled on an origami turtle.

I

II But origami is not only decorative; it is also important in education and therapy. For example, it helps patients to improve their hand coordination. It is also used to help people with emotional and mental illnesses. Because only a piece of paper is needed, people don’t become stressed when starting origami. Furthermore, the materials are not expensive, so there is no stress about making mistakes. Moreover, it is safe because no sharp instruments are involved. In addition, origami promotes hand eye coordination and a willingness to listen and follow instructions. It also helps patients open up to each other or a therapist. And because origami models range in difficulty, everyone can manage something, leading to a sense of accomplishment.

III Origami has also been used to teach academic subjects. For example, following origami instructions

IV Lastly, origami is also environmentally friendly, because any recycled paper can be used. In fact, the paper you are looking at right now could be turned into a bird, a plane, or even, by a really skilled folder, into Superman!

1 Choose the correct answer.

1. What is NOT given as an advantage of origami therapy?

a. It is safe.

b. It helps people make friends.

c. It doesn’t create stress.

2. Origami therapy may be used to … .

a. encourage communication among patients

b. teach patients how to give clear instructions

3.

Some engineers … .

a. learned advanced mathematics to create some folds

b. developed an origami insect based on airbag folds

c. used computers in the new field of technical origami

2 Decide if the following sentences are true (T) or false (F). Find evidence in the text to justify your answers.

……

1.

The Chinese knew about origami around 2,000 years ago.

……

2.

In the present, origami is not considered to be a form of art.

……

3.

Origami is not an expensive hobby.

……

4.

The writer believes that all origami models are easy to make.

3 Rewrite the following sentences without changing their original meanings.

1. The custom spread to Japan. It became popular there.

The custom

2. This paper could be turned into Superman by a really skilled folder!

A really skilled folder

4 Answer the questions.

1. How can origami be used as decoration?

!

2. What do the origami insect and turtle have in common?

5

Find words or expressions in the text that mean the same as:

1.

moved (paragraph I)

………………………

2.

differ (paragraph II)

………………………

3.

very important (paragraph III) ………………………

4.

advanced (paragraph IV) ………………………

6 Write a composition of about 100-150 words. Choose ONE option.

1. Describe a hobby that you find interesting or unusual.

2. In your opinion, should art be compulsory in schools? Why or why not?

EXTRA EXAM PRACTICE ANSWER KEY

Extra Exam Practice 1

1

1.

c

2.

b

2

1.

F. “Claire … teaches music and sings. James … also teaches, while

Jeremy … works as a statistician in addition to singing …”

2.

F.

“The group has also played at all 42 Anglican cathedrals in

England”

3.

T.

“The group has also played … on every street appearing on the

London Monopoly board.”

 

3

1.

as classical musicians

 

2.

classical works to modern pieces

4

Their aim is to raise money and awareness for various charities.

5

1. awareness

 

3.

challenging

2. lists

4.

worthy

6

Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.

 

Extra Exam Practice 2

1

1. a

2. c

2

1.

Because their athletic coach wrote an essay on the subject at

university more than 20 years ago.

 

2.

It isn’t foolproof, it requires very strong security and it is

expensive.

3

1. T.

“Milan have established strong online security”

2.

T. “Paul correctly predicted Spain as the eventual winner.”

4

1.

enter new information into the program

2.

allows the program to predict which players are most at risk is

entered into it/the program / is entered into the program allows it to predict which

players are most at risk

 

5

1. foolproof

at risk 3.

2. 4.

top

outcome

6

Accept all logical and grammatically correct answers.

Extra Exam Practice 3

1

1.

b

2.

b

2

1.

F.

“He brushed his teeth with crushed