Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 91

E

)*(PROVISIONAL


) (

E/ESCWA/ECW/2007/2
23 August 2007
ORIGINAL: ARABIC

)(



- /

)*( :
.

07-0374

-
-
-
-

...................................
..........................
............................
.............................

-
-
-
-
-
-

...............
.........
............
....................
................
....

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-

.....................................
...................................................................
:
...........................................
............
...........................................
....................................
......
.....................................
..................................
......................................
................

........................................................................

- /
....................................................
- ..................
--


)(
/ "
".




.

.

.


.




.



.
.

.

.

--


" /



.
) ". (E/2004/59
:
"

" ) .(
/
.
/

/


.



.
.


.
.
--


. ) (


.
:


.



.
-


.
-

.
-
.
- /

.
-
.

.

--

:



.


/
/ .
.

.
.


.
.
.
.



.


.


.
.



--

.

.


.


.







.
.


.

.




.
:
):(


.
--


...
)
(
.. .



.
.


.
:
.
. . . . .

)(

.
.______________
) ( : .

--


.

- .

.

.

.

.

:
.
.
/ .
. .
. .

_____________
) ( .UNEP: Issue Paper 2006/2007

--

-

.
.


. .
:

)(WEDO/UNEP women and Environment, 2004:
) : (

-
:
.
. . .) (

) (





. :
-

.
.
.
.
.
.

_______________
) ( .UNEP/WEDO Women Environment 2004

--



OECD/DAC 1998
.

.
.
-
-

:


.
-
.

.
.

.

.
.


:
.
. / . / .
. . .gender auditing
--

-
-



.

.

.

.
.
.

-
. .
.
.
:
. .
.
)(.-
-


.
.
.
.
.
--

-
-


.

.

-
.
.
.
.
.
. -
.
.
- .

--


.
"
.
/ - / . /
. E/2004/50
- / /
/ . E/ESCWA/ECW/2007/IG.1/4 .

.
.
: - / .
. . . . . . . : . UNEP: Women and the Environment Womens Environment Development Organization(WEDO) .
2004

UNEP Gender Plan of Action , September 2006


UNEP Issue paper Gender and Environment ; short history and state of the art

--

)(

"

) ( ".
-



"

" .

.

"

".

.

.



.
_______________
- .
- : "(WEDO,2004) .
) - .(

--


.

.
.

.
.

.
-


:

.

.
" " ) (

.

.

. Forbes

.
.


.
.

--



.
.

.
-



.



...



.

.
.
) (
).(IWGT
.

, , ,
:
.


. .

.

--


.

.


.
.

.


.
.

.

.

.
.

) ,
, (


.

.

_______________
) - .(

--


. .

.

.
.

.
:



) ( .
.

.
IFC
Private Enterprise (Partnership for the Middle East and North Africa
) .(

_______________
) - .(
) - .(

--

- :


/
. .

.
:
)( .
)( .
)( :
- .
)( .

.
.
: www.ifc.org/menagem :

--

-
:

)( ...
-

:

E/ESCWA/ID/2001/6
.
E/ESCWA/SDPD/2003/1



.

.
).(
_______________
) - .(

--



.


.

.


.
.
.

) .(

.
.

" .

. ".


.
).(

.
_______________
.(Bachetta, 2004-Winters et al., 2004) -
.(agatay, 2001) -

--


.


).(

.

) .(

.



.

).(

, ,
) .(
.
"

").(
-


.
_______________
) - .(
.(Braunstein, 2006) -

) - .(
) - .(
) -.(

--

() :
) (

) ( ) .(
.

.
.

.

.



.

.
"
").(
)
(
.



.

_______________
- .
(Korinek, 2005) (Fontana, 2003) - ).(

--



, -
) , ( ) , (
) , ( ) .(
) (

.
) (
"
".

.
.

.
.

).(

.


).(

_______________
- .(
.(Korinek, 2005) -

--



.

.
.
).(


.
).(
) (
.

.

.
:
).(
-

"
" .

).(



.
_______________
) - .(
) - .(
(WIDE, 2002) (Swamy, 2004) - ). (UNCTAD Secretariat, 2003
) - .(

--



.

.
-


. "
") (
)
(



.



.

.




.

_______________
) - .(-

--







.
:
:
.
.


.
. .
.

.
.
.
.
) (
.

).(
.
) .(

.
.
.
_______________
) - / .(

--

...
...

...

...

)(

) (

...

:
,E/ESCWA/SCU/2004/3.
)( : ) ( ) (... .

--

-
- :
) (


)(
-

: /
.

--

)(

...
...

...
...
...

...

...

...

...
...

...

...
...

...

...

...

:
) (
E/ESCWA/SDD/2003/22 .
) ( : - -
Arab Women: Trends and Statistics 1990-2000.
)( )(

--

-
:

)(

)(

: /
.

--


Bachetta Marc, August 18, 2004, Draft Trade Reforms, Growth, Inequality and 1.
Poverty: Basic Linkages, World Bank Institute.
Braunstein Elissa, January 2006, Foreign Direct Investment, Development and 2.
Gender Equity: A Review of Research and Policy, Occasional Paper 12, United
Nations Research Institute for Social Development.
agatay Nilfer, October 2001, Trade, Gender and Poverty, UNDP-United Nations 3.
Development Programme.
Fontana Marzia, October 2003, The Gender Effects of Trade Liberalisation in 4.
Developing Countries: A Review of the Literature, Discussion Papers in Economics,
Department of Economics, University of Sussex.
IWGT-Informal Working Group on Gender and Trade , A Preliminary Note Highlighting 5.
the Conceptual and Policy Links Between Gender and Trade, Gender Trade and the
WTO.
International Finance Corporation (IFC), Gender Entrepreneurship Markets (GEM), 6.
2006, GEM Country Brief Egypt 2006 - GEM Country Brief Yemen 2006 -- GEM
Country Brief Jordan 2006 - GEM Country Brief Oman 2005
.Korinek, Jane, 2005, Trade and Gender: Issues and Interactions, OECD Trade Policy
Working Paper No. 24, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and DevelopmentOECD
Swamy Gurushri, May 2004, The impact of International trade on gender equality,
.
The World Bank PREMnotes, Number 86.
NCTAD Secretariat 15 July 2003, Gender and Trade: A Conceptual Note
United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, Directory of
.
Support Services for Small and Medium Enterprises in Lebanon, New York, 31 August
2001. E/ESCWA/ID/2001/6
WIDE - Network Women in Development Europe, February 2002, Gender and Trade
Indicators, WIDE Information Sheet.
Winters Alan, McCulloch Neil and McKay Andrew, March 2004, Trade
.
Liberalization and Poverty: The Evidence So Far Journal of Economic Literature Vol. XLII
(March 2004) pp72-115.
UNEP _ Women and the Environment ,Womens Environment and Development
Organization,2004
/ - -
A/CONF.177/20
-
.
-
.

--

-
-
/ TD/B/COM.3/40 TD/B/COM.3/EM.14/3 .
-
/ -
.
-
.30 July 2004 ,E/ESCWA/SCU/2004/3 .
-

- .
- : -
Arab Women: Trends and Statistics 1990-2000 = .
-
.March 2003 - E/ESCWA/SDPD/2003/1 .
- /
.
- /
.
- ) (
:
: 11 September 1997
.A/52/345
-
13 December 2005 .
E/ESCWA/GRID/2005/13

- -
/
December 2003, - E/ESCWA/WOM/2003/IG.1/4

- -
/ :
.TD/392 - 5 April 2004
- 2465 .
- :
.
-
.
- :
.

--


www.womandiwan.comArab Working Women Diwan:
www.bwdegypt.org

Business Association for Development:

2.

www.bridge.ids.ac.uk BRIDGE:

3.

www.acdi-cida.gc.ca Canadian International Development Agency:

4.

www.cawtar.orgCAWTAR-Center for Arab Women Training and Research:

www.eldis.orgELDIS:

6.

www.gbaforwomen.orgGlobal Banking Alliance for Women:

7.

International Finance Corporation (IFC) Private Enterprise Partnership for the Middle East and North
www.ifc.org/menagemAfrica (PEP-MENA) Gender Entrepreneurship Markets program:

8.

www.igtn.org International Gender and Trade Network:

9.

International Labor Organization (online courses on gender, poverty and employment, and on 10.
org.www.itcilomainstreaming gender equality):
www.iwda.org.auInternational Womens Development Agency Inc.: 11.
www.iwf-jordan.comInternational Womens Forum: 12.
www.bpwa.org.jo Jordan Forum for Business & Professional Women: 13.
www.nclw.org.lbNational Commission for Lebanese Women: 14.
www.oecd.org/tradeOECD-Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: 15.
www.siyanda.orgSiyanda:

16.

www.unctad.orgUnited Nations Conference on trade and Development: 17.


www.undp.orgUnited Nations Development Programme:

18.

www.escwa.org.lbUnited Nations-Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia:

19.

www.eurosur.org/wideWIDE-Women in Development Europe:

20.

www.womensedge.orgWomens Edge Coalition:

21.

www.abwa-egypt.comWomens Business Center: 22.


www.worldbank.orgWorld Bank:

--

23.


*
*
*

--




.


.



.


.


.

.




/ " "

.

--

-
-

)(





.


.

:
) (
) (
) (
.


.



.
.


.

________________
) (
.

--






.

.



.






.
" "
) (
.
.

:
.


.

.
--

.
-

)(


) .
(.
-
" " /
/ "


" . :

)(

.
.
)(


.
.
)(

.

.

_______________
) ( )(CD-Rom, Cap-net
UNDP, Gender and water alliance (GWA), March-2006.

--

) (


.
.
) (


.

.
) (


.
.
) (


.
.
) (

.
.
.
)(



.

--

)(

.

.
)(
) (GRBIs
.

.
)(


-
) (
. ) (
.


.
.
) . (

) (


.


.

__________________
) (
.

--


:

.
) ( .
) (.


.
) ( ) ( :
. . - .



. :
.

) (.
:
. )(
--

.

.

.

-
-



.
.


.

.


.
.

. ) (


.



.


.

.

--



" " )
.
.

.

.
.
.



.




.

.
-
.


.

.
.
.
.



.

.

.


:



.

--

)(


.

.


.



.


.
.




.

.
. .

.

:

.
_________________
) ( " ".

--


.

.
) .
(

.
.



.

:


.
-


.


.


.

.

:
.


.


--

.


.


.


.

-


/ :
-


.
. .
.
.

:
-

_______________
: " " : ) (-
.

--

-

) (
)( "
"
.
:
:


.

.


.
.


.

.



.
:
%
//
//
.

--

.


"
".
:











.




.
.
.

) (

.



.

.
.
.

--


.



.
-

.
.
.


.
.
.
.
)
( .
. ) (.
. .

. .
.
.

.
______________
: .// :
/ / /.


.
.


.

.
--

)(

)(%

)//(
:


) (

: .


) (

-


.



.
:
.
.


.
.
.

.
_______________
: .INSTRAW, 2006

--

.
.
.

.

.
.
.
.
:
. . . .

.
.

--


.


Mervat.elhoz@balamand.edu.lb

.


Ahmad.ghosn@unep.org.bh





:.
www.cardne.org
abeer@cardne.org





ASMA@AGU.EDU.BH :
Cap-Net
Capacity Building for Water Management
www.cap-net.org
Cap-Net Secretariat
Mailing Address PO BOX 3015 2601 DA Delft The Netherlands
info@cap-net.orgEmail:
CD-ROM
ESCWA
Workshop on Training of Trainers on the Application of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM)
In the Arab Region
CD-Rom
www.genderandwater.org


CD-Rom
Cap-net and GWA and UNDP
Why gender Matters Tutorial for water managers
cd-rom
Training of Trainers Manual on Integration of gender dimension in water resources use and management
INGEDI project

--

Gender & Water Alliance


.


" :
" .

International water and Sanitation Center (IRC), Together for Water and sanitation : tools to apply a
gender approach The Asian Experience Occational paper series No.24, the Hague 1994

Brief Notes (No:2) Gender perspective on fresh water resources prepared by the Division for
sustainable Development in collaboration with the office of the special advisor on gender issues and
the advancement of women, and the division for the advancement of women. Department of
economic and social affairs.UN/NY2002.

UNDP. Mainstreaming Gender in Water Management a practical journey to sustainability: a


resource guide, UN/NY, Feb 2003


.
.

) -( .

: .

: /
/ /.
IFAD. Gender and desertification expanding roles for women to restore dry lands. IFAD

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene. For Her Its the Big Issue putting women at the centre of water
supply, sanitation and hygiene. Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) in
collaboration with the Water, Environment and Development Centre (WEDC), with the support of the
Norwegian Ministry of Affairs, the Gender and Water Alliance (GWA) and UNICEF, 2006.

--

Prabha Khosla, for the Gender and Water Alliance. Tapping into Sustainability: issues and trends in
gender mainstreaming in water and sanitation a background document for the gender and water
session third world water forum, Kyoto, Japan, 2003. International Water and Sanitation Centre
IRC, 2003.

United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women Department of Economic and Social
Affairs. Women and Water. Division for the Advancement of Women, Department of Economic and
Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, 2005.

ESCWA. A Manual for ESCWA Member Countries on Dispute Resolution of International Water
Resources. UN ESCWA, Beirut.

Gender and Water Alliance. The Gender Approach to Water Management Lessons Learnt Around the
Globe. Findings of an electronic conference series convened by the gender and water alliance,
January- September 2002

Plan: Net Limited Development Planning and Management Network. Role of Women in Water
Demand Management and Conservation in Jordan. Plan: Net Limited Development Planning and
Management Network, 2006.

ESCWA. Water Resources Issues in the Western Asia Region. United Nations. Beirut, 2005.
Water and Environment Team, UN ESCWA. Assessment of IWRM Planning in ESCWA Countries.
United Nations. Beirut, 2006.
Smat, Samira. Planning Workshop on Gender Mainstreaming in IWRM in the Arab Region 4-6
July 2006 UN-House-Beirut Role of Women in Water Management and Conservation in Jordan. UN
ESCWA in collaboration with the Gender and Water Alliance, Cap-Net, IDRC, Cawtar and Awarnet.
2006.

Ibrahim, Soumaya. Planning Workshop on Gender Mainstreaming in IWRM in the Arab Region 46 July 2006 UN-House-Beirut Brief Overview on the Current Situation on Gender and Water
Management in Egypt. UN ESCWA in collaboration with the Gender and Water Alliance, Cap-Net,
IDRC Cawtar and Awarnet. 2006.

Pelat, Frederic. Planning Workshop on Gender Mainstreaming in IWRM in the Arab Region 4-6
July 2006 UN-House-Beirut A Brief Overview of the Water and Gender situation in Yemen. UN
ESCWA in collaboration with the Gender and Water Alliance, Cap-Net, IDRC, Cawtar and Awarnet.
2006.

--




.

. )
(

.



.



.
) ()(Briefing notes 1 , 3
"
"

.


.


.

.
______________
)Gender Perspective on Sustainable Development (Briefing note 1), and Gender Perspectives on (
Environmental Sustainability of small Island States (Briefing note 3), prepare by DAW 2002.

--

-




) (

.

"
" . ) (
) (
) ( .
/




.
) (
) (Wave
" " .
.
" " " "
/ /
) ( () /

. "
" .
./


.


.
_____________
) UNEP/GC/24/8 ( / ) .

--

:
)(

WEDO

.
.




.
)( : / "
" .

.
)( :

.
:
) (


.

.
-

)(


.
.
.


.
.
______________
) ( Breifing notes (1,3) .www.unep.org/training

--

.
.

.


. .
.
.

.


.
.
).(

.
.

.
.
:
- . " "
.
.

:
_____________
) ( ) ( .
.
.

--


.

.

.
-

.

).(www.undp.org/seed/unso/women

- :
.

.
.
-
.

)( )(
)( )(
.


.
.
:

- :

.

.

--


.




: -


)
.
(

- :
:

.

.
.

.



:
-
)



.
: - ) (

.
.
: -



.

--

-

"

" ) (.
:
.

) ( -




.

) (


.

.

________________
) ( /

.
) (
- / .

--




.

.


. .


.
:
:
:
. .
: .
:
.
:

.
:


.
:

.
:


.

--






.

.


.









.

/

.



) (


.
________________
) ( .
) .(

--









.

.
-

()
"



.




.
.
.


.
.


.
______________
) ( : .

--




:


.()
) (
.

).(

________________
)" ( " ).(
) ( .

--

:



. :
agpnature@go.com.jo :




drmeshkan@yahoo.com :
www.zayedprize.org.ae :

.

mervat.elhoz@balamand.edu.lb :



. :

muna@epa.org.kw :


. .
.
aan_raed@hotmail.com :




. .

Melanie.hutchinson@unep.org.bh :
www.unep.org.bh :
--



.
. :

ahmad.ghosn@unep.org.bh :



:
cjshlif@yahoo.fr :


. :

- :
ALMUHANNADIKHAWLA@GMAIL.COM :
INFO@NATURALBAHRAIN.ORG






-- :
greenline@greenline.org.lb :

/
- :

gpmedleb@diala.greenpeace.org :

)(
-- :
AMWAJENVT@YAHOO.COM :

--




. :
CEFDOHA@QATAR.NET.QA :



RAED
. :

AOYE@LINK.NET :



. :

LEF@TERRA.NET.LB :




ROMYGEADAH@YAHOO.COM :
envidev@mectat.com.lb :


)(

KHADOUJA.MELLOULI@CAWTAR.ORG :



./ :
SAMIRAS@NOL.COM.JO :
www.plannet:ca :
--





SIBRAHIM@INTERNETEGYPT.COM :




. :
ASMA@AGU.EDU.BH :
ASMAZOO@BATELCO.CO.BH


) (

--


: . -.
.// -
: .
- / .
: / / . / . . : . / . " " //- .
: .English References:
- United Nations : Gender perspectives on Environmental sustainability of small Island States- Brief Notes N0 3, and
- Gender perspectives on sustainable development brief Notes N01,
both prepared by the Division for sustainable Development on collaboration with the office of the special advisor on
gender Issues and the advancement of women _- and the division for the advancement of women - Department of
Economic and social Affairs ,New York , July 2002.----------- WEDO : Womens Action Agenda for a healthy and Peaceful Planet 2010. A decade of Womens advocacy for
Sustainable Development 2002.
- UNEP: Mainstreaming Gender in Environmental Assessment and early Warning, 2005.
- UNEP: Gender Mainstreaming among Environment Ministries Government Survey 2006.
- UNEP: Gender Plan of Action, Sept. 2006.
- UNEP: Issue Paper Gender and Environment.

--

Websites:
www.un.org/esa/sustdev./documents.
www.un.org/esa/sustdev/documents/agenda21/english/agenda21,chapter
www.wedo.org.2001
www.oecd.org/doc/gender/tipsheets/1998
www.eeaa.gov.eg/
www.mena.gov.ps/
www.moe.gov.lb/
www.moenv.gov.jo/
www.idrc.ca/gender/natres/

--


/



)(
/
/

/ "
" //




/
-

/
-


-



-
/

-


/ /
-


-

) (

.E/2004/INF.2/Add.2

--




-




-


-

-



-

/

- /
/
- ()

-
/


- /


--

/

/


/
) ( / / /
/ / / / /

) ( )(

)(

-
) (


-


-



-

:
)(

) ( (A/52/3/Rev.1)
.
) ( - / ) (A.96.IV.13
.
) ( /-./-
) ( E/2005/27) (Corr.1
-.
).E/2005/54 (

--

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(
.
/
-
/

-


-

/


-

--




-


-
.

/

--

)*(

.
)(


:
)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

.
.

)(
)(

)(

) ( /

)(

) ( /

) ( /


)*( ) .(
Emma Hooper, "Gender guidelines for donor-funded projects", The British Council Development and Training Services.

--

) (

) ( /

) ( /


) (

)(

)(


)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(


.
.

)(
) (

)(

)(

)(


.
.

--

)(

)(
)(
)(
)(

-
:
)(

)(

:
)(

:
)(

:
) (

: .
)(

)(

:
)(

)(

)(

:
)(

:
)(

-

--

)(
) (

) (
) (
.
) (

) ( /
) (

) (

) (


) (

) (
) (
.
) (

.

) (

) (
) (
) (
) (

--

) (
) (
) (

) (
) (

)(


) ( /
) (

) (
) (
) (

) (
) (
) (
) (
) (
) (

) (

) (
) (

) (

--

) (


)(

) (

)(

/
/

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

) (

)(


)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

--

)(

)(

)(
)(

)(
)(
)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

) (

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(


)(


)(

) (

).(Ewa Zimni

--

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

-
)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(
)(

)(

) :( ) ( )( )(
)(

)(

--

) (

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(
)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(
)(
)(

--

)(
)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(

)(
)(

)(
)(
)(

)(


)/ /
( )
( )

()(

)(

-
)(
)(
)(

) (

) .(Ewa Zimni .

--

)(
)(

)(
)(
)(
)(
)(
)(
)(
)(
)(

-

)(


)(

)(

)(


) (

)(

)(

)(


)(

)(

)(

)(

--

-

)(


)(

)(


)(


)(

)(

)(

)(

-

)(

)(


)(

)(

)(

-
)(

)(

)(

--


)(

/
)(

)(


)(

)(

)(
)(

)(

)(

-
)(


)(

)(

)(

--