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CHAPTER 4: THE VARIETY OF RESOURCES ON EARTH

NAME: NUR FAQRINA BT TASALIM CLASS: 1 GEMILANG TEACHER: SIR.UZRIZUDIN

AIR SOIL MINERALS FOSSIL FUELS LIVING THINGS

WATER

ALL LIVING THINGS NEED WATER TO GROW AND STAY ALIVE NEEDED FOR THE TRANSPORT OF OXYGEN AND NUTRIENTS IN PLANTS AND ANIMALS NEEDED TO REMOVES WASTE PRODUCTS FROM THE BODY HELPS TO MAINTAIN BODY TEMPERATURE BY REMOVING EXCESS HEAT TROUGH PERSPIRATION, RESPIRATION AND URINATION SUPPORTS AND MAINTAINS THE BODY SHAPE OF INVERTEBRATES LIKE EARTHWORMS AND CATERPILLARS NEEDED FOR GERMINATION OF SEEDS NEEDED BY GREEN PLANTS FOR THE PROCESS OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS

CONTAINS NITROGEN, OXYGEN, CARBON

DIOXIDE, INERT GASES AND WATER VAPOUR OXYGEN- NEEDED FOR RESPIRATION AND COMBUSTION. DURING RESPIRATION, OXYGEN OXIDISES FOOD TO RELEASES ENERGY CARBON DIOXIDE- USED IN FIRE FIGHTER AND IN THE MANUFACTURE OF DRY ICE AND CARBONATED DRINKS PLANTS ALSO REQUIRE CARBON DIOXIDE DURING PHOTOSYNTHESIS

IS THE TOPMOST LAYER OF THE EARTHS

CRUST CONTAINS IMPORTANT RESOURCES SUCH AS WATER, AIR, HUMUS AND MINERAL SALTS WHICH KEEP ORGANISMS ALIVE HABITAT FOR MANY PLANTS AND ANIMALS HUMUS- AN ORGANIC SUBTANCES FROM DECAYING PLANTS AND ANIMALS. -IT ALSO MAKE SOIL FERTILE AND SUITABLE FOR FARMING MINERAL SALTS- DISSOLVES IN MOIST SOIL AND ARE NEEDED FOR THE GROWTH OF PLANTS USED IN AGRICULTURE, BUILDINGS AND MAKING CERAMICS, CEMENT AND BRICKS

NATURAL ELEMENTS OR COMPOUNDS FOUND


IN THE EARTHS CRUST GOLD, PLATINUM, MERCURY AND SILVER ARE FOUND IN THEIR NATURAL STATES PLANTINUM AND GOLD ARE USED TO MAKE EXPENSIVE ORNAMENTS COPPER AND IRON ARE EXTRACTED FROM THEIR ORES A) COPPER TO MAKE ELECTRICAL WIRES B) IRON- USED TO MAKE STEEL FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS AND BRIDGES

FUELS FORMED FROM THE REMAINS OF LIVING

THINGS THAT DIED MILLIONS OF YEARS AGO AND WERE BURIED BELOW THE SURFACE OF THE EARTH EG: NATURAL GAS, PETROLEUM AND COAL USED: a) IN POWER STATIONS TO GENERATE ELECTRICAL ENERGY b) TO POWER MOTOR VEHICLES EXAMPLE PRODUCTS OF FOSSIL FUELS: # PLASTIC- TO MAKE PIPES, TOYS AND HOUSEHOLD THINGS # AMMONIA- TO MAKE FERTILISERS # WAX- TO MAKE CANDLES

PLANTS AND ANIMALS - THE BASIC RESOURCES USED

TO PRODUCES FOOD, CLOTHES, BUILDING MATERIALS AND FUELS FOOD- LIKE VEGETABLES AND MEAT PROVIDE US WITH NUTRIENTS TO CARRY OUT VARIOUS ACTIVITIES CLOTH- MADE FROM COTTON AND SILK RUBBER BOOTS AND TYRES ARE MADE FROM LATEX FROM RUBBER TREES BUILDING MATERIALS- LIKES NIPAH PALM ARE USED TO MAKE ROOFS, WHILE HOUSES, FURNITURE AND BRIDGES ARE MADE FROM WOOD PETROLEUM, COAL AND NATURAL GAS USED FOR COOKING -GENERATING ELECTRICAL ENERGY - OPERATING VEHICLES AND MACHINERIES