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Reg. No.

Question Paper Code :

33209

Common to M.E. Computer Aided Design /M.E. Engineering Design/ M.E. Product Design and Development Elective

220075 COMPOSITE MATERIALS AND MECHANICS (Regulation 2010) Time : Three hours

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Or

Answer ALL questions.

1. 2. 3.

Define Rule of Mixtures in the determination of elasticity modulus. Name the precursors used in the manufacturing of carbon fibers. Calculate V f and c for a composite laminate containing 30% weight of E-glass fibers in a polyester resin. Assume f = 2.54 g/ml and m = 1.1 g/ml .

5. 6. 7. 8.

What are three common modes of failure of a unidirectional composite subjected to Longitudinal tensile load? Define strength ratio.

Write down the equilibrium equations for bending of laminated plates. Mention the stiffness parameter on which the buckling load depends? Why a cross ply is preferred for higher buckling load. What do you mean by Warpage in Laminates?

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9.

10.

What is thermal Spiking? PART B (5 16 = 80 marks)

11.

(a)

(i)

(ii)

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4.

Discuss the effects of interface bonding on properties of composite.

Explain in detail the general characteristics of composite materials and state some of its application? (12) What are the commercial forms of fiber available and mention its importance in the evaluation of elastic properties. (4)

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PART A (10 2 = 20 marks)

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M.E./M.Tech. DEGREE EXAMINATION, NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2011.

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Maximum : 100 marks

(b)

With neat sketches explain : (i) (ii) Pultrusion Filament Winding.

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( )
T 22 ult

12.

(a)

Determine the stiffness matrices [A], [B] and [D] for a [ +45 / 45]s symmetric laminate. The properties for the fiber are

m = 0.35 . Each lamina is 6 mm thick.


Or (b) 13. (a)

Derive the A, B and D matrices of a laminate.

(i) (ii)

Maximum Stress Failure theory

Maximum Strain Failure Theory

(iii) Tsai- Hill Failure Theory (iv) Tsai- Wu Failure Theory

(b)

Find the maximum value of S > 0 by using Tsai-Hill Failure Theory and compare it with Tsai-Wu Failure Theory, if a stress of xx = 2S ,
lamina properties are

( ) ( )
14. (a)

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yy = 3S and xy = 4S is applied to a 60 graphite/epoxy lamina. The


= 1500

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Or

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( )
C 11 ult

Discuss in detail the following failure theories and specify the advantages of each over the other.

T 11 ult

MPa;

= 1500

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MPa;

Ef = 220 Gpa ; f = 0.2 ; V f = 0.6 and for the matrix are Em = 3.6 GPa;

C 22 ult

= 246 MPa; ( 12 )ult = 68 MPa.

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Derive the governing differential equation for buckling of simply supported laminated rectangular plate along the edges X = 0, X = a, Y = 0 and Y = b subjected to inplane force in X direction, N X . Or

(b)

Find the deflection of a thin square laminated plate of size 50 50 mm consisting of four layers [0/90/90/0] of equal thickness with b/h = 100 having all edges simply supported. The properties of a graphite/epoxy laminated plate are listed below : E11 = 181 GPa; E22 = 10.30 GPa; 12 = 0.28 ; G12 = 7.17 GPa;
2

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9
= 40

(8)

(8)

MPa;

33209

15.

(a)

Explain the characteristics of the following laminates : (i) (ii) Unidirectional Laminates Symmetric Balanced Laminates

(iii) Zero CTE Laminates (iv) Thermally Quasi Isotropic Laminates Or (b)

Calculate the residual stresses at the bottom surface of the 90ply in a [0/90] graphite epoxy laminate subjected to a temperature change of 75C.The lamina properties are 1 = 0.02 m / m / o C ,

2 = 22.5 m / m / o C the transformed stiffness matrix for 0 o and 90o is


given below

[Q ]

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3

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[ ]
90

0 181.8 2.897 0 GPa Q = 2.897 10.35 0 7.17 0

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0 10.35 2.897 = 2.897 181.8 0 GPa 0 7.17 0

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33209