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WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE 21ST CENTURY INDIAN & EU APPROACHES

MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTES (HW) IN INDIA


12 NOVEMBER 2005

HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES MANAGEMENT DIVISION MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT & FORESTS


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MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTES

AS PER AVAILABLE DATA, 4.4 MILLION TONNES OF

HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATED ANNUALLY BY 13011 UNITS IN 373 DISTRICTS IN THE COUNTRY .
STATES OF MAHARASHTRA, GUJARAT AND TAMIL

NADU ACCOUNT FOR OVER 63% OF TOTAL HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATED.

DOMESTIC

LEGISLATION FOR HANDLING AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTES NOTIFIED IN INDIA WAY BACK IN 1989, WHEN INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY ADOPTED THE BASAL CONVENTION.

ACTS GOVERNING INDUSTRIES HANDLING HAZARDOUS WASTES


THE WATER (PREVENTION & CONTROL OF

POLLUTION) ACT, 1974 AND AMENDMENTS THEREUNDER.


THE AIR POLLUTION (PREVENTION & CONTROL

OF POLLUTION) ACT, 1981 AND AMENDMENTS THEREUNDER.


THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) ACT, 1986.

LEGAL INSTRUMENT FOR HAZARDOUS WASTES MANAGEMENT

HAZARDOUS WASTES (MANAGEMENT & HANDLING) RULES, 1989, AS AMENDED IN 2000 & 2003, NOTIFIED UNDER THE ENVIRONMENT (PROTECTION) ACT, 1986

HAZARDOUS WASTES RULES 1989/2003

OBJECTIVE: TO PUT IN PLACE AN EFFECTIVE

MECHANISM TO REGULATE THE GENERATION, COLLECTION, STORAGE, TRANSPORT, TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTES BOTH INDIGENOUSLY GENERATED AND IMPORTED.

HAZARDOUS WASTES RULES 1989/2003

SALIENT FEATURES
A COMPREHENSIVE DEFINITION FOR HW

PROVIDED BASED ON THE PROCESSES GENERATING HW (SCHEDULE 1) AND THRESHOLD LIMITS (SCHEDULE 2) SCHEDULE 3 - LIST OF HWs REGULATING IMPORT AND EXPORT PROVIDED IN HARMONY WITH ANNEXE-VIII AND ANNEXE-IX OF BASAL CONVENTION AND EXIM POLICY. COLOUR CODED MANIFEST SYSTEM FOR TRACKING OF HW. 7

HAZARDOUS WASTES RULES 1989/2003 (Contd.)

SALIENT FEATURES (contd.)


PROHIBITION ON 29 CATEGORIES OF HWs FOR

IMPORT/EXPORT. REGISTRATION WITH CPCB MANDATORY FOR RECYCLERS OF IDENTIFIED HAZARDOUS WASTES. MANDATORY DISPOSAL OF HWS IN COMMON TSDFs BY UNITS NOT HAVING ON SITE FACILITY. STATE GOVERNMENTS/OPERATOR OF FACILITY/ASSOCIATION OF OCCUPIERS RESPONSIBLE FOR IDENTIFICATION OF SITES FOR SETTING UP COMMON TSDFs. 8

HAZARDOUS WASTES RULES 1989/2003 (contd.)


SALIENT FEATURES (contd.)
ALL HW GENERATORS TO OBTAIN

AUTHORISATION FROM SPCBs IMPORT OF HW FOR DUMPING / DISPOSAL PROHIBITED. IMPORT OF HW FOR RECYCLING / REPROCESSING REGULATED BY MOEF STATE GOVERNMENTS RESPONSIBLE FOR IDENTIFYING AND NOTIFYING WASTE DISPOSAL SITES.
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WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITIES


COMMON TREATMENT STORAGE & DISPOSAL FACILITIES (TSDF)
MANY LARGE SCALE UNITS HAVING ON-SITE

FACILITIES FOR DISPOSAL OF HWs.


COMMON TSDF ENVISAGED FOR SMALL AND

MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMEs).


FOCUS ON SETTING UP INTEGRATED COMMON

TSDFs DURING THE 10TH FIVE YEAR PLAN.


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WASTE DISPOSAL FACILITIES


(contd.)
TREATMENT STORAGE & DISPOSAL FACILITIES (TSDF)
TSDFs

SET UP UNDER PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP INVOLVING GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECTOR AND INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION. FINANCIAL SUPPORT OF RS. 20 MILLION PER TSDF AVAILABLE, PROVIDED AN EQUAL GRANT AVAILABLE FROM THE STATE GOVERNMENT
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CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS

MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTES


TSDFs SET UP SO FAR WITH ASSISTANCE FROM CENTRAL GOVERNMENT IN
TRANS THANE CREEK MAHARASHTRA RANGAREDDY DISTRICT ANDHRA PRADESH ANKALESHWAR GUJARAT SURAT GUJARAT

MORE FACILITIES PROPOSED TO BE SET UP IN THE STATES OF WEST BENGAL, MAHARASHTRA, KARNATAKA, TAMIL NADU, HARYANA AND PUNJAB.

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ENACTMENTS TO DEAL WITH OTHER HAZARDOUS WASTES


BIOMEDICAL WASTES (MANAGEMENT & HANDLING) RULES, 1998.

BATTERIES (MANAGEMENT & HANDLING) RULES, 2001

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BIOMEDICAL WASTES (M &H) RULES, 1998/2003


THE BIOMEDICAL WASTES (M&H) RULES
HOSPITALS CATERING TO MORE THAN 1000

PATIENTS PER MONTH - TO OBTAIN AUTHORIZATION FROM SPCB/PCCS. BIOMEDICAL WASTES CLASSIFIED INTO 10 CATEGORIES COLOUR CODING AND CONTAINERS PRESCRIBED FOR DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF WASTES. TREATMENT AND DISPOSAL OPTIONS PROVIDED FOR DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF WASTES.
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BATTERIES (MANAGEMENT & HANDLING) RULES 2001

THE

RULES PROVIDE FOR TRACKING AND CHANNELIZATION OF LEAD ACID BATTERIES TO ENSURE THAT USED BATTERIES ARE COLLECTED AND RECYCLED IN AN ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND MANNER.

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MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTES


IN THE PAST DECADE AND HALF, INDIA HAS TAKEN SPECIFIC ACTIONS FOR MANAGEMENT OF WASTES, FIXED INSTITUTIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES, ENHANCED RESOURCES FOR WASTE DISPOSAL AND LAID DOWN STANDARDS FOR TREATING EFFLUENTS
HARMONIZATION OF IMPORT/EXPORT POLICY FOR HAZARDOUS WASTES UNDERTAKEN IN LINE WITH THE PRINCIPLES OF BASAL CONVENTION.
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MANAGEMENT OF HAZARDOUS WASTES


(Contd.)
SYNCHONIZATION OF DOMESTIC FOREIGN TRADE AND CUSTOMS LEGISLATIONS WITH HAZARDOUS WASTES RULES AS WELL AS CAPACITY BUILDING AT MAJOR PORTS AND CUSTOM LABORATORIES TO PREVENT ILLEGAL IMPORT AND DUMPING OF HAZARDOUS WASTES ALSO UNDERTAKEN.
SIGNIFICANT CHALLENGES WITH REGARD TO TECHNOLOGY UPGRADATION STILL EXIST. OF PARTICULAR CONCERN IS THE RESOURCE CONSTRAINT FACED BY SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE UNITS WITH REGARD TO WASTE MINIMIZATION AS WELL AS TREATMENT 17 TECHNOLOGIES.

INDIAS STATUS WITH RESPECT TO THE BASEL CONVENTION


SIGNED BASEL CONVENTION IN MARCH 1990 RATIFIED IN JUNE 1992

MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT & FORESTS -

NODAL MINISTRY IN GOI


COMPETENT AUTHORITY - SECRETARY,

MoE&F
NOT RATIFIED BAN AMENDMENT.
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