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SEAMCATimplementationofExtendedHataandExtendedHataSRDmodels

1 EXTENDEDHATAMODELS(BUILTIN)
1.1 Inputparameters

Figure1:SEAMCATInterfacetotheextendedHata(SRD)propagationmodel

Description
Symbol Type Unit Comments
Variation
Variationinpathlosstakesintoaccountthe
uncertaintyofbuildingdesign,furniture,
roomsize,etc.Thisisastandarddeviation
whichreferstothemeanoftheMedian
pathloss.
Medianpathloss
Dependingofthedistance,the
environment,thefrequencyandtheheight
oftheantenna.
Thisisamean.
Generalenvironment
Environmentofthepropagation:urban,
rural,suburban
1
Localenvironment(Vr)
Environmentofthereceiverantenna:
outdoor,indoor
Localenvironment(Wt)
Environmentofthetransmitterantenna:
outdoor,indoor
Propagationenvironment
Environmentofthepropagation:Below
roof,Aboveroof(usedforstandard
deviationcalculations)
ONLYUSEDIFVARIATIONOPTIONIS
CHECKED
Wallloss(indoorindoor) S dB
Walllossstddev(indoor
indoor)
S dB
Wallloss(indooroutdoor) S dB
Walllossstddev(indoor
outdoor)
S dB
Lossbetweenadjacentfloor S dB
Empiricalparameters: b
Sizeoftheroom(d
room
) d
room
S m
Heightofeachfloor h
floor
S m
Table1:DescriptionoftheExtendedHataandExtendedHata(SRD)models
1.2 Calculationalgorithm
TheExtendedHatamodelimplementedinSEAMCATcalculatespropagationlossbetweentransmitterandreceiveras:
f f h h d env L T G
propage
( , , , , ) ( ( ))
1 2
= + o

where:
- f:frequency(MHz)
- h1:transmitterantennaheight,m,aboveground
- h2:receiverantennaheight,m,aboveground
- d:distancebetweentransmitterandreceiver,km
- env:generalenvironment
Symbols:
L =medianpropagationloss(dB)
H
m
=

min( , ) h h
1 2
H
b
=

max( , ) h h
1 2

ThevalidityrangesidentifiedbyCOST231basedontheoriginalworkofOkumuraandHatashouldbeappliedwhen
usingtheExtendedHatamodelinSEAMCAT,i.e.H
m
:1to10mandH
b
:30to200m(NotethattheH
b
isassumedtobe
aboverooftop).

IfH
m
isbelow1m,avalueof1mshouldbeusedinstead.IfH
b
isabove200m,itmightalsoleadtosignificanterrors.
Thisgivesthepossibilitytousethismodelreciprocally(DLandUL)keepinginmindthatH
m
=min(h1,h2)andH
b
=
max(h1,h2)asdescribedinReportITURSM.20281.
2
1.3 MedianpathlossL
Dist.Range Env. FrequencyRange MedianLoss
d<0,04km
( )
( )
(
(


+ + + =
2
6
2
10
log 10 log 20 4 . 32
m
b
H H
d f L
d K > 01 , m
Urban 30MHz<fs150MHz

( ) ( ) { ( ) }+ + = b H f L , 30 max log 82 . 13 / 150 log 20 150 log 2 . 26 6 . 69


{ } ( ) | | ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) b m b H b H a d H
o
log , 30 max log 55 . 6 9 . 44

150MHz<fs1500MHz
( ) { } ( )+ + = b H f L , 30 max log 82 . 13 log 2 . 26 6 . 69
{ } ( ) | | ( ) ( ) ( ) ( b m b H b H a d H
o
log , 30 max log 55 . 6 9 . 44 )

1500MHz<fs2000MHz

( ) { ( ) } + + = b H f L , 30 max log 82 . 13 log 9 . 33 3 . 46


{ } ( ) | | ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) b m b H b H a d H
o
log , 30 max log 55 . 6 9 . 44

2000MHz<fs3000MHz

( ) ( ) ( { + + = f L 3 max log 82 . 13 2000 / log 10 2000 log 9 . 33 3 . 46


{ } ( ) | | ( ) ( ) ( ) ( b m b H b H a d H
o
log , 30 max log 55 . 6 9 . 44
0
)

suburban
{ } { } ( )
| | { }
L L
f
=

( )
; ; / .
urban
log 2 150 2000 28 54
2
min max

openarea
{ } { } | | { }
{ } { } | |
L L
f
f
=

+

( )
. ;
. ; ;
.
urban
log
log
478 150 2000
1833 150 2000
4094
2
min max
min max
; )

004 01 , , km d km < <


| | ) (0.0 ) (0.
)] (0.0 ) (0. [
)] ( ) ( [
) ( 4 1
4 log 1 log
04 . 0 log log
04 . 0 L L
d
L L

+ =

Table2:DescriptionofthemedianpathlossLdependingonthedistance
Where:
( ) ( ) { } ( ) ( ) { }
a H f
m
= + 11 07 10 156 08 020 10 . log( ) . log log min ;H . (f) - . max ; H
m m

{ } b H H
b b
( ) ; ( ) = min 020 30 log

o =
s
+ + +


1
1 014 187 10 107 10
20
4 3 08
d 20 km
20 km < d < 100 km ( . . . )(log )
.
x xf x H
d
b

WhenLisbelowthefreespaceattenuationforthesamedistance,thefreespaceattenuationshouldbeusedinstead.
1.4 Variationinpathloss
The variation in path loss is achieved by applying the lognormal distribution (slowfading). The relative standard
deviationisgivenbythefollowingequations:
3
Dist.Range Propagationmode StandardDeviation
d k s 004 . m
o = 3 . 5
km d km 1 . 0 04 . 0 s <

aboveroof
( )
4
L
Table3:Variationinpathloss
1.5 Indooroutdoorpropagation
UseofthemodifiedHatamodelforindooroutdoorpropagationintroducesthefollowingadditionalterms
Medianloss
L L
indoor outdor
hata
outoor outdor
hata
we
= +
where:L
we
istheattenuationduetoexternalwalls
Variationinpathloss
Uncertaintyonmaterialsandrelativelocationinthebuildingincreasesthestandarddeviationofthelog
normaldistribution:
o o
indoor outdor
hata
outoor outdor
hata
add
= + ( ) (
2 2
o )
1.6 Indoorindoorpropagation
Use of the modified Hata model for indoorindoor propagation introduces following adjustments according to the
relativelocationofthepairoftransmitterandreceiver.
Samebuildingcondition
Thefirststepistoestimatewhetherthetransmitterandthereceiverarelocatedinthesamebuilding.Thisis
donetroughastatistictrial.LetusdenotePtheprobabilitythatthetransmitterandthereceiverarelocated
inthesamebuilding.Piscalculatedaccordingtothefollowingscheme:

) (
) . (
. 04 . 0
04 . 0 1 . 0
5 3 12
5 3

+ = d o

belowroof
( )
) (
) . (
. 04 . 0
04 . 0 1 . 0
5 3 17
5 3

+ = d o

01 02 . km d km < s .

aboveroof
o = 12

belowroof
o = 17

02 06 . km d k m < . s

aboveroof
) 2 . 0 (
) 2 . 0 6 . 0 (
) 12 9 (
12

+ = d o

belowroof
) 2 . 0 (
) 2 . 0 6 . 0 (
) 17 9 (
17

+ = d o

06 . km d <

9 o =
Dist.Range SameBuilding
Probability
d k s 002 . m P=1
002 005 . . km d km < s

P
d
=
( . )
.
005
003

005 . km d <

P=0
TransmitterandReceiverindifferentbuildings
Whentransmitterandreceiverarelocatedindifferentbuildings,thecalculationmodeissimilartothe
indooroutdoorpropagationmodebutwithdoubledadditionalvalues.
Medianpathloss
L L
indoor indoor
hata
outdoor outdoor
hata
we
= + 2 L
where:L
we
istheattenuationduetoexternalwalls
Variationinpathloss
2 2
) 2 ( ) (
add
hata
tdor ou outoor
hata
indoor indoor
o o o + =


TransmitterandReceiverinsamebuilding
Inthislattercaseaspecificpropagationmodelisused:
f
propag
( f , h
1
, h
2
, d , env ) = L + T ( G ( o ) )
MedianLoss
Thecorrespondingmedianlossisgivenbythefollowingformula:
L indoor indoor d f fix
d
d
L k L
room
wi f
k
k
b
f
f
f
( ) . log( ) .log( ) ( ). . = + + + +
+
+

(
( 276 20 20
2
1 where
k fix
h h
h
f
floor
=

( )
2 1

andwhere:
L
wi
:lossofwall(default5dB)
L
f
:lossbetweenadjacentfloor(default18.3dB)
b:empiricalparameter(default0.46)
d
room
:sizeoftheroom(default4m)
h
floor
:heightofeachfloor(default3m)
Variationinpathloss
Variation in path loss is modelled as an additional lognormal distribution, in order to take into account the
uncertaintyofbuildingdesign,furnitureoftherooms,etc.Typicallyitissetto10dB.
2 EXTENDEDHATA(SRD)SE24DEVELOPEDPROPAGATIONMODEL
ThismodelisamodifiedversionoftheExtendedSE21Hatamodel,developedinCEPTwithintheProjectTeamSE24
forstudiesofShortRangeDevices(SRD).Thebasisformodificationwasanassumption,thatalthoughSRDdevicesare
usually operated at low antenna heights (typically personcarried devices, i.e. with antenna height of ca. 1.5 m), but
theinterferencewouldusuallyoccuratrelativelyshortdistances(upto100morso)whendirectornearLOSmight
be assumed. Therefore the expression of b(H
b
) parameter in the standard Hata model, giving large extra losses for
transmitter antenna heights below 30 m, was considered to be unnecessarily severe. Therefore the only difference
betweenHataSRDandHatamodellies inthenewexpressionfortheantennagainfactorb(H
b
),whichforHataSRD
modelisexpressedas
b=min(0,20log(Hb/30));
tobereplacedby:
b=(1.1log(f)0.7)*min(10,Hb)(1.56log(f)0.8)+max(0,20log(Hb/10));
Note:Thisexpressionassumesthatantennaheightsshouldnotexceed1.53m.
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