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Current Affairs 2013, Objective Current Affairs Current Events 2013 Objective Current Affairs Q.

National Education Day observed on 1 11th November 2 14th November 3 5th September 4 21st May Ans: 1 Q. Antyodaya scheme is meant to help the 1 Muslims 2 Minorities 3 Poorest of the poor section of the society 4 Harijans Ans: 3 Q. The upcoming Ultra Mega Power Projects(UMPPs) at Cheyyur and Sarguja are located respectively in 1 Kerala and Chhattisgarh 2 Tamil Nadu and Odisha 3 Tamil Nadu and Chhattisgarh 4 Kerala and Odisha Ans: 3 Q. Andheri's newly constructed headquarters of anti-terror force was inaugurated by N. Kumar Reddy on August 13, 2012 in Hyderabad. What is the name of this counterterrorist commando force? 1 Anti Terrorism Agency (ATA) 2 Organization to Counter Terrorist Operations (Octopus) 3 Anti Terrorism Squad (ATS) 4 Anti Terrorism Operations (ATO) Ans: 2 Q. Which two countries signed Agreement for the Modernisation of Indian Railways? 1 India and Belgium 2 Indian and China

3 USA and India 4 Russia and India Ans: 1 Q. Name the Indian telecom service company which had acquired US firm WPCS International? 1 Shyam Telecom 2 MTNL 3 Tata Teleservices 4 Kavvery Telecom Ans: 4 Q. Which company was directed by the Supreme Court to refund an amount of 17400 crore of rupees to their Investors? 1 Sahara Group of Company 2 Reliance Industries 3 Air India 4 Vodafone Ans: 1 Q. Isle of Wight rock yielded three fossil footprints of Dinosaurs. In which one of the following countries Isle of Wight located? 1 Germany 2 USA 3 Africa 4 UK Ans: 4 Q. Which Indian Company signed a pact with French Energy company GDF Suez to import LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas)? 1 Indian Oil Corporation(IOC) 2 GAIL 3 ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation) 4 Reliance Petroleum Limited Ans: 2 Q. What was the theme of the annual World Economic Forum (WEF) meeting organized in Davos, Switzerland? 1 Shaping the Post-Crisis World 2 Shared Norms for a New Reality

3 The power of collaborative innovation 4 Improve the state of the world: rethink, redesign, rebuild Ans: 2 Objective Current Affairs Q. As per census 2011,Kerala holds the maximum sex ratio among states which stands at 1 1084 2 1065 3 1092 4 1051 Ans: 1 Q. Which of the following state has the maximum urban population as per the final data of Census 2011? 1 Rajasthan 2 Gujarat 3 Maharashtra 4 Punjab Ans: 3 Q. The Work Participation Rate(WPR) for the country in Census 2011 has been worked out at 1 45.2% 2 42.3% 3 38.7% 4 39.8% Ans: 4 Q. The growth rate of population as per the final data of Census 2011 during 2001-11 stood at 1 15.5% 2 17.7% 3 18.3% 4 16.9% Ans: 2 Q. Female literacy in the country, as per final Census data 2011, stands at 1 64.6% 2 70.3%

3 62.5% 4 68.2% Ans: 1 Q. Scientist of which country created the smallest droplets of the world? 1 USA 2 UK 3 Poland 4 Switzerland Ans: 4 Q. Which company on May 15, 2013 achieved 50 billion apps download milestone? 1 Google 2 Microsoft 3 Apple 4 Yahoo Ans: 3 Q. Name the first Indigenous developed Rotavirus Vaccine of India is 1 Rotomid 2 Ratavac 3 Rotacid 4 Rotovac Ans: 2 Q. The European Union made decision in May 2013 to impose a continent wide ban on the pesticide namely neonicotinoids to help which species of insects? 1 Ants 2 Butter Flies 3 Honey Bees 4 Earth worm Ans: 3 Q. What is the name of world's ultra light substance created by Zhejiang University in China? 1 Lead 2 Carbon Aerogel 3 Granite 4 Carbon Nanotubes

Ans: 2

Objective Current Affairs Q. The US scientist team found the mechanism which is responsible for the ageing process. Where is this mechanism located? 1 Inside Skin 2 Inside Heart 3 Inside Brain 4 Inside Face Ans: 3 Q. "Half a Life" is a novel by which of the following authors? 1 Salman Rushdi 2 V. S. Naipaul 3 Amitabha Ghosh 4 Chetan Bhagat Ans: 2 Q. Who has won the Golden Ball in Champions Trophy 2013? 1 Shikhar Dhawan 2 Virat Kohli 3 Ravindra Jadeja 4 Suresh Raina Ans: 3 Q. Who has won the Golden Bat in Champions Trophy 2013? 1 Ravindra Jadeja 2 Shikhar Dhawan 3 Virat Kohli 4 M. S. Dhoni Ans: 2 Q. The person who become the first Indian Circumnavigate Globe Solo and non-stop on a sail boat 1 Hari Ram Kumar 2 Lt. Cdr. Abhilash Tomy 3 Lt. Ramadose 4 None of them

Ans: 2 Q. Which day has been declared by United Nation General Assembly as the World Autism Awareness Day ? 1 April 2 2 May 5 3 March 3 4 June 15 Ans: 1 Q. The Fifth Summit of BRICS was held on March 26-27, 2013 in 1 New Delhi (India) 2 Moscow (Russia) 3 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 4 Durban (South Africa) Ans: 4 Q. In which of the following city, the first women Post Office in the country has been established in March 2013? 1 Mumbai 2 Kolkata 3 New Delhi 4 Chennai Ans: 3 Q. The International Newspaper which had won four Pulitzer Prize on April 15, 2013 including the award for investigative reporting for stories 1 The Washington Post 2 The Telegraph 3 New Work Times 4 The Sun Ans: 3 Q. Kovvada Nuclear Power Plant which was recently in news is being set up in 1 Karnataka 2 Andhra Pradesh 3 Chhattisgarh 4 Odisa
Ans: 2

Objective Current Affairs Q. Which country reached an agreement with Kosovo on overcoming ethnic enmities? 1 Macedoonia 2 Serbia 3 France 4 Albania Ans: 2 Q. The International Day for Biological Diversity was observed on 1 25th May 2 24th May 3 23rd May 4 22nd May Ans: 4 Q. The largest biogas plant of the world was inaugurated in March 2013 in 1 USA 2 Ireland 3 Finland 4 Germany Ans: 3 Q. Who was appointed as the Chairman of the Asian forum of Parliamentarians on Population and development on April 11, 2013 at Bangkok? 1 Hamid Ansari 2 P. J. Kurien 3 Mamta Sharma 4 Ila Bhat Ans: 2 Q. The President of India Mr. Pranab Mukherjee on April 30, 2013 inaugurated the 14 mega watt Solar Power Project at 1 Nashik 2 Sri Nagar 3 Deoghar 4 Hyderabad Ans: 3 Q. China recently became ________ arms exporter.

1 The world's second largest 2 The world's fourth largest 3 The world's fifth largest 4 The world's sixth largest Ans: 3 Q. Which research centre announced that it was developing the largest magnet of the world (weight would be 50000 tons)? 1 NASA, USA 2 Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, India 3 CERN, Geneva 4 ISRO, India Ans: 2 Q. Which compost plant become the first in India to receive carbon credit worth Rs.25 lakh from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change? 1 Mumbai Compost Plant 2 Kanpur Composting PLant 3 Rotopala Composting Plant 4 Okhla Compost PLant Ans: 4 Q. Which Malaysian budget carrier to launch the new airline along with Tata Group and Telestra Tradeplace? 1 Jet Star 2 Tiger Airways 3 Air Asia 4 Cebu Pacific Ans: 3 Q. Name the two PSUs, which were granted the Maharatna status by the Union Government of India in February 2013? 1 ONGC and NTPC 2 BHEL and GAIL 3 ONGC and GAIL 4 Coal India and SAIL
Ans: 2

Objective Current Affairs

Q. Who has won the "Entrepreneur of the Decade" award conferred by All India Management Association in New Delhi? 1 Mr. Ratan Tata 2 Mr. Narayan Murti 3 Mr. Mukesh Ambani 4 Mr. Sunil Mittal Ans: 3 Q. Who is the winner of prestigious Jnanpith award for the 2012? 1 Amar Kant (Hindi) 2 Dr. Ravuri Bharadwaja (Telgu) 3 Pratibha Ray (Odia) 4 Shrilal Shukla (Hindi) Ans: 2 Q. The proposed allocation for the newly launched "National Livestock Mission" in the Union Budget 2013-14 is 1 Rs.304 crore 2 Rs.300 crore 3 Rs.310 crore 4 Rs.307 crore Ans: 4 Q. To encourage farmers to switch to alternative crops from rice and wheat, the Budget 2013-14 has pledged 1 Rs.700 crore 2 Rs.600 crore 3 Rs.500 crore 4 Rs.400 crore Ans: 3 Q. The Budget 2013-14 has proposed to allocate for urban transportation under Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) a sum of 1 Rs.14,873 crore 2 Rs.13,873 crore 3 Rs.12,873 crore 4 Rs.10,873 crore Ans: 1

Q. In the Budget 2013-14, how much money has been allocated to the Ministry of Science and Technology? 1 Rs.5,275 crore 2 Rs.7,275 crore 3 Rs.6,275 crore 4 Rs.8,275 crore Ans: 3 Q. How much money has been allocated to the Ministry of Minorities Affairs in the Budget 2013-14? 1 Rs.3,912 crore 2 Rs.3,511 crore 3 Rs.5,511 crore 4 Rs.4,511 crore Ans: 2 Q. Agriculture and allied activities, according to the Economic Survey 2012-13, accounted for Gross Domestic Products 1 14.1 % 2 13 % 3 14 % 4 14.2 % Ans: 1 Q. The Railway Budget 2013-14 has proposed to introduce a new hyper luxury class to be called 1 Udaan 2 Anand 3 Apoorva 4 Anubhuti Ans: 4 Q. According to the 12th Five-Year Plan, India should bring Infant Mortality Rate by the end of the Plan down to 1 27 2 28 3 26 4 25 Ans: 2

Objective Current Affairs Q. By the end of the Plan, the 12th Five-Year Plan aims to train under the Skill Development Mission 1 40 million individuals 2 30 million individuals 3 50 million individuals 4 45 million individuals Ans: 3 Q. The projected average level of the domestic savings rate for the 12th Plan is 1 35.2 % 2 34.6% 3 34.2 % 4 30.1 % Ans: 3 Q. According to the Census 2011, the percentage of Urban Indians connected to a piped sewer system is 1 32.7 % 2 34.6 % 3 46.4 % 4 50.3 % Ans: 1 Q. Which film has bagged the National Film Award for best feature film? 1 Anumati 2 Paan Singh Tomar 3 Dhag 4 Spirit Ans: 2 Q. Who has won the National Film Award as best actor? 1 Irrfan Khan & Vikram Gokhale 2 Shivaji Lotan 3 Kamal Hasan 4 Ranbir Kapoor Ans: 1 Q. Who has bagged the National Film Award as best actress?

1 Priyanka Chopra 2 Ananya Chatterjee 3 Usha Jadhav 4 Arundhuti Nag Ans: 3 Q. The 24th Arab League Summit got underway in which of the following city 1 Dubai 2 Doha 3 Khartun 4 Cairo Ans: 2 Q. Who is the head of the panel on Energy Security constituted by Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas? 1 C. Ranjarajan 2 Montek Singh Ahluwalia 3 Vijay Kelkar 4 Kaushik Basu Ans: 3 Q. Which of the following states has bagged the National Tourism Award? 1 Assam 2 Madhya Pradesh 3 Maharashtra 4 Andhra Pradesh Ans: 4 Q. Asia's largest Solar Power Project set at which of the following cities? 1 Jaipur 2 Nagpur 3 Jodhpur 4 Bikaner Ans: 3 Objective Current Affairs Q. India has signed the Tax Information Exchange Agreement (TIEA) on March 28, 2013 at Bern, Switzerland with which of the following country? 1 Switzerland

2 Liechtenstein 3 Mauritius 4 Finland Ans: 2 Q. United Nation has released "One Women" album on the occasion of International Women's Day. Name the Indian Artist who was the member of this album? 1 A. R. Rahaman 2 Anoushka Shankar 3 Mallika Sarabhai 4 Amzad Ali Khan Ans: 2 Q. The Government of India and the RBI to introduce one billion pieces of Rs. 10 notes in polymer/plastic on a field trial basis. The field trial will be conducted in five cities. Which of the following is not among them? 1 Shimla 2 Jaipur 3 Nagpur 4 Bhubaneswar Ans: 3 Q. On 12th March 2013 the President of India Mr. Pranab Mukherjee attending the celebration of 45th Anniversary of Independence of which country? 1 Maldive 2 Sri Lanka 3 Vietnaam 4 Mauritius Ans: 4 Q. On February 14th 2013 India has conclude $6 billion Missile deal with which country? 1 Russia 2 France 3 England 4 USA Ans: 2 Q. The first indigenously developed weaponised helicopter was handed over to Indian Army on 8th February 2013 is 1 Rudra

2 Varun 3 Chetak 4 Indra Ans: 1 Q. Mata Jijabai Award for 2012 was given to 1 Smt. Omana T.K 2 Ms. Sonika Agarwal 3 Smt. Olga Dmello 4 Smt. Guramma H. Sankina Ans: 2 Q. Devi Ahilyabai Holkar award, 2012 confer to 1 Smt. Pranita Talukdar 2 Smt. Omana T.K 3 Smt. Olga Dmello 4 Smt. Guramma H. Sankina Ans: 3 Q. The Uttar Pradesh government on 4 December, 2012 decided to issue Cards to industrialists and industrial associations for easy access to its offices. What is the name of that card? 1 Platinum Cards 2 Silver cards 3 Golden Cards 4 Industrial cards Ans: 3 Q. Union Government of India on 5 December, 2012 cleared the decks for transferring the prime 12.5 acre United Mill land in Mumbai to the Maharashtra government for building a state-of-the-art memorial for an Indian revolutionary and political leader. Name the political leader ___ 1 Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel 2 B. R. Ambedkar 3 Ramabai Ambedkar 4 Balasaheb Thackrey Ans: 2 Objective Current Affairs Q. The Cauvery Monitoring Committee (CMC) on December 7, 2012 asked Karnataka to

provide Tamil Nadu with how many TMC (thousand million cubic) feet of Cauvery water during December 2012 ____ 1 12 TMC feet 2 10 TMC feet 3 8 TMC feet 4 6 TMC feet Ans: 1 Q. Where did the American Depositary Shares (ADS) of Infosys, India's second-largest IT services provider start trading on 12 December, 2012? 1 Bombay Stock Exchange 2 National Stock Exchange 3 New York Stock Exchange 4 Singapore Stock Exchange Ans: 3 Q. Scientists in northern Mexico discovered a new dinosaur with a large prominent nose which lived about 73 million years ago. what is the name of this new dinosaur? 1 Latirhinus Uitstlani 2 Gigantoraptor 3 Khaan 4 Raptorex Ans: 1 Q. Who was the first top ranking Indian official to visit China after changes in Communist Party of China? 1 Shiv Shankar Menon 2 Ajit Singh 3 Anand Sharma 4 Somanahalli Mallaiah Krishna Ans: 1 Q. Software engineers as well as neuroscientists at University of Waterloo, Canada claimed that they have developed a closest model of the functioning human brain. What is this artificial human brain called? 1 AbioCor 2 Bioartifical 3 Spaun 4 i-Limb

Ans: 3 Q. Boeing, the US aircraft manufacturer claimed that a new missile was tested which can permanently blackout the electronics of the country without causing any harm to people. What is the name of this missile? 1 Mathago 2 CHAMP 3 Ikara 4 ERYX Ans: 2 Q. Government had constituted a panel for suggesting de-control of sugar industry. This panel submitted its report in October 2012 under the Chairmanship of 1 Anand Sinha 2 C. Rangarajan 3 M. Rafeeq Ahmed 4 Deepak Parekh Ans: 2 Q. Kumbum is a monastery found in which of the following countries? 1 India 2 Thailand 3 China 4 Japan Ans: 3 Q. The Indian Institute of Toxicology Research reported that the water in and around the the deserted Union Carbide plant is contaminated and not fit for consumption. Where is this Union Carbide plant located? 1 Indore 2 Raipur 3 Jabbalpur 4 Bhopal Ans: 4 Q. Name the astronaut of Indian American origin who took over the command of International Space Station on September 2012. 1 Rakesh Sharma 2 Kalpana Chawla 3 Sunita Williams

4 Tessy Thomas Ans: 3

Objective Current Affairs Q. World Trade Organization (WTO) has ranked India as the _____ largest player in the global service trade. 1 Fifth 2 Fourth 3 Seventh 4 Sixth Ans: 3 Q. A committee had been constituted to review taxation in IT sector under the Chairmanship of 1 Anita Kapur 2 N. Rangacharya 3 Y. B. Reddy 4 C. Rangarajan Ans: 2 Q. Which Indian Bollywood actress was appointed as International Goodwill Ambassador for the United Nation programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)? 1 Aishwarya Rai 2 Katrina Kaif 3 Kareena Kapoor 4 Vidya Balan Ans: 1 Q. China recently objected to the participation of an Indian Company in its joint venture with another country for offshore oil exploration. Which one among the following is that country? 1 Taiwan 2 South Korea 3 Sri Lanka 4 Vietnam Ans: 4 Q. ISRO recently gave clearance for using which trequency band from satellite for internet on trains?

1 C Band 2 KU Band 3 S Band 4 3G Spectram Ans: 2 Q. Which among the following states is not awarded Krishi Karman Awards for 2011-12? 1 Madhya Pradesh 2 Manipur 3 Maharastra 4 Nagaland Ans: 3 Q. Who is the chairman of Fourteenth Finance Commission? 1 Prof Abhijit Sen 2 Dr. Y.V.Reddy 3 Ms. Sushma Nath 4 Dr. M.Govinda Rao Ans: 2 Q. Who is the chairman of the 20th Law Commission of India? 1 Justice Balakrishnan 2 Justice M. Kartzu 3 Justice J. S. Verma 4 Justice D. K. Jain Ans: 4 Q. As per the latest Global Competitiveness Report 2012-13, brought out by World Economic Forum, a Swiss non-profit foundation based in Geneva, India ranks is 1 59th 2 56th 3 57th 4 58th Ans: 1 Q. Water Conservation Day observed on 1 20th November 2 19th November 3 24th November

4 31st October Ans: 2 Objective Current Affairs Q. National Education Day observed on 1 11th November 2 14th November 3 5th September 4 21st May Ans: 1 Q. Antyodaya scheme is meant to help the 1 Muslims 2 Minorities 3 Poorest of the poor section of the society 4 Harijans Ans: 3 Q. The upcoming Ultra Mega Power Projects(UMPPs) at Cheyyur and Sarguja are located respectively in 1 Kerala and Chhattisgarh 2 Tamil Nadu and Odisha 3 Tamil Nadu and Chhattisgarh 4 Kerala and Odisha Ans: 3 Q. Andheri's newly constructed headquarters of anti-terror force was inaugurated by N. Kumar Reddy on August 13, 2012 in Hyderabad. What is the name of this counterterrorist commando force? 1 Anti Terrorism Agency (ATA) 2 Organization to Counter Terrorist Operations (Octopus) 3 Anti Terrorism Squad (ATS) 4 Anti Terrorism Operations (ATO) Ans: 2 Q. Which two countries signed Agreement for the Modernisation of Indian Railways? 1 India and Belgium 2 Indian and China 3 USA and India

4 Russia and India Ans: 1 Q. Name the Indian telecom service company which had acquired US firm WPCS International? 1 Shyam Telecom 2 MTNL 3 Tata Teleservices 4 Kavvery Telecom Ans: 4 Q. Which company was directed by the Supreme Court to refund an amount of 17400 crore of rupees to their Investors? 1 Sahara Group of Company 2 Reliance Industries 3 Air India 4 Vodafone Ans: 1 Q. Isle of Wight rock yielded three fossil footprints of Dinosaurs. In which one of the following countries Isle of Wight located? 1 Germany 2 USA 3 Africa 4 UK Ans: 4 Q. Which Indian Company signed a pact with French Energy company GDF Suez to import LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas)? 1 Indian Oil Corporation(IOC) 2 GAIL 3 ONGC (Oil and Natural Gas Corporation) 4 Reliance Petroleum Limited Ans: 2 Q. What was the theme of the annual World Economic Forum (WEF) meeting organized in Davos, Switzerland? 1 Shaping the Post-Crisis World 2 Shared Norms for a New Reality 3 The power of collaborative innovation

4 Improve the state of the world: rethink, redesign, rebuild Ans: 2 Objective Current Affairs Q. Which core sector industry has the highest weight in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP)? 1 Coal 2 Crude Oil 3 Electricity 4 Petroleum refinery Products Ans: 3 Q. Which of the following has a 51:49 joint venture with Japanese automobile company Nissan for manufacturing light commercial vehicles in India? 1 Tata Motors 2 Ashok Leyland 3 Mahindra and Mahindra 4 Bajaj Auto Ans: 4 Q. According to the FDI data released by Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on August 10, 2012, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow in India declined to what amount in the AprilJune quarter of fiscal 2012-13? 1 6.4 billion dollar 2 5 billion dollar 3 5.4 billion dollar 4 7 billion dollar Ans: 3 Q. Which of the following has made the largest inbound foreign direct investment in India till date? 1 Vodafone 2 BP Plc 3 Vedanta Resource 4 Dailchi Sankyo Ans: 1 Q. SEBI, on August 16, 2012 has made it mandatory that all listed companies must have minimum ________ public shareholdings by June 2013. 1 10%

2 20% 3 30% 4 25% Ans: 4 Q. Which leading Indian business house sold its group company Centum Learning to Everonn Education? 1 Reliance 2 Bharti Group 3 Toyota 4 LIC Ans: 2 Q. Which among the following countries has given a grant of US $ 1 billion for the reconstruction of the Nalanda University? 1 Japan 2 UK 3 USA 4 China Ans: 4 Q. Which one among the following is the fastest Indian Super-computer recently developed by ISRO? 1 Saga-220 2 Aakash-A1 3 Tianhe-1A 4 Jaguar-Cray Ans: 1 Q. In the year 2011, a missile named 'PRAHAR', developed by DRDO was test fired. This is a 1 short-range surface to air missile 2 long-range surface to air missile 3 short-range surface to surface missile 4 long-range surface to surface missile Ans: 3 Q. Which one of the following countries had recently joined World Trade Organisation? 1 Myanmar

2 Austria 3 Russia 4 Taiwan Ans: 3 Objective Current Affairs Q. The Thar Express goes to 1 Bangladesh 2 Pakistan 3 Afghanistan 4 Myanmar Ans: 2 Q. Census data related on July 15, 2011 reflects that 13.48 percent urban population lives in 1 Bihar 2 Uttar Pradesh 3 Rajasthan 4 Maharashtra Ans: 4 Q. National Social Assistance Programme is aimed at providing 1 financial support to Scheduled Castes and scheduled Tribes 2 old age pension to very poor 3 insurance for the poor 4 all of the above Ans: 4 Q. As per studies, the Tummalapalle mine in Andhra Pradesh could have Uranium reserve of 1 1 lakh tonnes 2 2 lakh tonnes 3 1.5 lakh tonnes 4 2.5 lakh tonnes Ans: 3 Q. Who amongst the following is the author of the book Unaccustomed Earth? 1 Jhumpa Lahiri 2 Meera Nair

3 Salman Rushdie 4 Dalai Lama Ans: 1 Q. Which is not a feature of the American Constitution? 1 Written Constitution 2 Federation 3 Cabinet System 4 Republic Ans: 3 Q. China recently objected the participation of an Indian company in its joint venture with another country for offshore oil exploration. which one among the following is that country? 1 Myanmar 2 South Korea 3 Vietnam 4 Taiwan Ans: 3 Q. An African country, Sudan has been broken into two recently with formation of a new country named South Sudan. Economy of South Sudan will depend on its 1 minerals 2 agricultural product 3 fishery product 4 forest product Ans: 1 Q. Who has been appointed the new Controller General of Accounts on July 1,2012? 1 Jawahar Thakur 2 Neeraj Kumar 3 A.K. Aggarwal 4 Arun Mishra Ans: 1 Q. Who is the author of the book 'Beyond the lines : An Auto-biography'? 1 Sharad Pawar 2 Khushwant Singh 3 Kuldip Nayar

4 General J.J. Singh Ans: 3 Objective Current Affairs Q. Who has been appointed the new German ambassador to India? 1 Marissa Mayer 2 Michael Steiner 3 Ross Csatary 4 None of the above Ans: 2 Q. 'NGRBA' which was recently in news stands for1 National Gangotri River Basin Authority 2 National Godavari River Basin Authority 3 National Ganga River Basin Authority 4 None of the above Ans: 3 Q. Who is the author of the book 'Turning Point - A Journey Through Challenges'? 1 A.P.J. Abdul Kalam 2 Hamid Ansari 3 Jaswant Singh 4 None of the above Ans: 1 Q. Who has been awarded the world Food Prize 2012? 1 Kofi Annan 2 Daniel Hillel 3 Ban Ki-Moon 4 None of the above Ans: 2 Q. P.N. Dhar passed away on July 12,2012 in New Delhi. He was a great 1 Poet 2 Scientist 3 Musician 4 Economist Ans: 4

Q. Who has been appointed the Prime Minister of Egypt on July 24, 2012? 1 Mohammed Morsi 2 Kamal Ganzouri 3 Hesham Qandil 4 None of them Ans: 3 Q. Which part of India was included in World Heritage List by UNESCO on July 1,2012? 1 Eastern Ghats 2 Western Ghats 3 Kaziranga National Park 4 Konkan Railway Ans: 2 Q. India's first Mega Food Park became functional on July 9, 2012 in 1 Jaipur 2 Kanpur 3 Chittoor 4 Pune Ans: 3 Q. Who is China's first woman astronaut? 1 Li Xei 2 Liu Yang 3 Yang Xei 4 None of them Ans: 2 Q. Who is the author of the book 'A Soldier's General'? 1 General V.K. Singh 2 Admiral Nirmal Kumar Verma 3 General J.J. Singh 4 None of them Ans: 3 Objective Current Affairs Q. ISRO recently gave clearance for using which frequency band from satellite for internet on trains? 1 S Band

2 C Band 3 KU Band 4 3G Spectrum Ans: 3 Q. Veteran actor of Bengali Cinema Soumitra Chatterjee was honoured with one of the following award 1 Dadasaheb Phalke Award 2 Dadasaheb Phalke Ratna Award 3 Lifetime Achievement Award 4 Sahitya Academy Award Ans: 1 Q. Which of the following Indian actresses has been chosen as the brand ambassador for sanitation programme? 1 Kareena Kapoor 2 Aishwarya Rai 3 Vidya Balan 4 Hema Malini Ans: 3 Q. A centre dedicated to the life and works of Rabindranath Tagore is being proposed to be established at 1 Edinburgh 2 London 3 Tokyo 4 Washington Ans: 1 Q. One of the Asia-Pacific nations has agreed to hold its first ever maritime exercise with India. The nation is 1 Australia 2 USA 3 Japan 4 Vietnam Ans: 2 Q. Muktinath Temple, a pilgrimage destination for Hindus is situated at which of the following nation? 1 Nepal

2 Malaysia 3 Trinidad & Tobago 4 India Ans: 1 Q. Francois Hollande has been elected at the President of which of the following nation? 1 Poland 2 Portugal 3 France 4 Greece Ans: 3 Q. The Teesta treaty has becomes a bone of contention between India and ...? 1 China 2 Pakistan 3 Bangladesh 4 Nepal Ans: 3 Q. Kumbum is a monastery found in which of the country? 1 China 2 India 3 Japan 4 Thailand Ans: 1 Q. A 600 MW solar power park, touted as Asia's first and largest, was dedicated to the person of which one of the following places? 1 Anand, Gujarat 2 Badmer, Rajasthan 3 Jaisalmer, Rajasthan 4 Patan, Gujarat Ans: 4 Objective Current Affairs Q. Which one of the following will be the longest tunnel of India being constructed in J&K? 1 Banihal tunnel 2 Chennai-Nashri tunnel

3 Rohtang tunnel 4 None of them Ans: 2 Q. Government has fixed the Minimum Support Price (MSP) of tur (Arhar) for 2012-13 at 1 Rs 3740 per quintal 2 Rs 3640 per quintal 3 Rs 3940 per quintal 4 Rs 3840 per quintal Ans: 4 Q. A committee had been constituted to review taxation in IT sector under the Chairmanship of 1 Y.B. Reddy 2 N. Rangachary 3 Anita Kapur 4 Rashmi Sahani Saxena Ans: 2 Q. During April 2011-February-2012, which of the following state stood first in creating largest employment in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs)? 1 Uttar Pradesh 2 Karnataka 3 West Bengal 4 Andhra Pradesh Ans: 3 Q. Which of the following bank has been awarded Finance Asia Award 2012? 1 AXIS Bank 2 HDFC Bank 3 ICICI Bank 4 Kotak Bank Ans: 4 Q. 4th Advance Estimates of Ministry of Agriculture, puts oilseeds production for 2011-12 at 1 30.01 MT 2 28.89 MT 3 32.32 MT

4 31.01 MT Ans: 1 Q. Govt. approves an ordinance to completely digitise TV Broad-casting. The entire nation has been targeted to be covered by 1 2013 2 2014 3 2016 4 2015 Ans: 2 Q. First Nuclear Power Plant in Bushehr. The country reffred here is: 1 Kazakhstan 2 Argentina 3 North Korea 4 Iran Ans: 4 Q. She started her career as an IFS officer and was unanimously elected the 15th Lok Sabha Speaker. She was elected to Lok Sabha and representing a constituency in the state of: 1 Jharkhand 2 Madhya Pradesh 3 Bihar 4 West Bengal Ans: 3 Q. Who among the following is the author of the book "My Country, My Life? 1 A.P.J. Abdul Kalam 2 Atal Bihari Vajpayee 3 L.K. Advani 4 Shashi Tharoor Ans: 3 Objective Current Affairs Q. In the year 2012, which actor bagged the Best Actor Award at the 59th National Film Awards? 1 Ranbir Kapoor 2 Appu Kutty

3 Girish KulKarni 4 Hrithik Roshan Ans: 3 Q. Emomali Rahmon recently visited India is the president of 1 Turkmenistan 2 Russia 3 Republic of Tajikistan 4 Turkey Ans: 3 Q. Who is the UN Messengers of Peace 1 Aishwarya Rai Bachchan 2 Michael Douglas 3 Monique Coleman 4 Elie Wiesel Ans: 2 Q. Kaushik Basu the ex-economic adviser of PM recently in news, appointed as 1 President of IMF 2 President of World Bank 3 Economic Adviser of UNO 4 Chief Economist of World Bank Ans: 4 Q. The UN theme for the 2012 International Day of Peace is 1 Sustainable Peace 2 Sustainable Future 3 Sustainable Peace for a Sustainable Future. 4 None of the above Ans: 3 Q. The year by which India is expected to achieve total sanitation coverage, as per the Ministry of Rural Development, Govt. of India is 1 2017 2 2015 3 2018 4 2019 Ans: 1

Q. Which film actress has been selected as the brand ambassador of Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan? 1 Priyanka Chopra 2 Aishwarya Roy 3 Vidya Balan 4 Katrina Kaif Ans: 3 Q. The joint exercise carried out by the Army and the Indian Air Force in the desert of Rajasthan is named 1 Neptune 2 Malabar 2012 3 Exercise Shoorveer 4 Bhumi Raksha Ans: 3 Q. For which region of the country the Union Government has cleared a 8,500 crore project under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)? 1 North eastern region 2 Gorkhaland 3 Bundelkhand 4 Naxalite-affected districts Ans: 4 Q. As per data released by Indian statistical organisation in May 2012, India's Industrial production declined by 3.5 per cent in March 2012, the chief factor behind this decline is 1 Surplus rain 2 Contraction in manufacturing and mining output 3 Devaluation of rupee 4 Eurozone crisis Ans: 2 Objective Current Affairs Q. Recently Wikipedia city Monmouth has been built. In which city is it located? 1 Australia 2 Canada 3 South Africa 4 USA

Ans: 4 Q. United States has decided to ease the stiff economic and diplomatic sanctions imposed on which country and appointed envoy to her after 22 years? 1 Sri Lanka 2 Myanmar 3 South Africa 4 South Sudan Ans: 2 Q. The Government has launched a scheme called _____ for encourages and enables Overseas Indian Workers to save for their return and resettlement and to save for their old age by providing a co-contribution from the Government, is 1 Indira Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana 2 Pravasi Suraksha Yojana 3 Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana 4 Rajiv Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana Ans: 3 Q. Who was the father of Operation Flood? 1 APJ Abdul Kalam 2 M. S. Swaminathan 3 Dr Verghese Kurien 4 KPS Gill Ans: 3 Q. 16th NAM Summit recently held at 1 Singapore 2 Cairo 3 Teheran 4 Manila Ans: 3 Q. Who is the winner of US Open Tennis 2012 in women section? 1 Victoria Azarenka 2 Venus Williams 3 Samantha Stosur 4 Serena Williams Ans: 4

Q. Who is the winner of US Open Tennis 2012 men section? 1 Novak Djokovic 2 Andy Murray 3 Roger Federer 4 Rafel Nadal Ans: 2 Q. Vedanta Alumina is a company operating in the area of 1 Mining 2 Textiles 3 Banking 4 Cement Ans: 1 Q. Which of the following is used as a fuel in Nuclear power stations in India? 1 Tin 2 Thorium 3 Copper 4 All of these Ans: 2 Q. In which one of the following States was the first UID card issued? 1 Maharashtra 2 Assam 3 Manipur 4 West Bangal Ans: 1 Objective Current Affairs Q. Expand the term MGNREGA. 1 Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2 Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Generation Agency 3 Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Generation Act 4 None of these Ans: 1 Q. Which one of the following States has passed a legislation to confiscate the property of corrupt officials and to open schools in these properties? 1 Bihar

2 Jharkhand 3 Rajasthan 4 Haryana Ans: 1 Q. In which one of the following States, Jaitapur Nuclear Power plant is proposed to be set up? 1 Haryana 2 Maharashtra 3 Orissa 4 Karnataka Ans: 2 Q. The Eleventh 'Five-Year Plan' of India is for the Five years ranging from? 1 2007-2012 2 2009-2014 3 2008-2013 4 None of these Ans: 1 Q. The Government of India provides direct financial support to which of the following schemes? 1 Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana 2 Packing Credit Guarantee Scheme 3 ULIP 4 All of the above Ans: 1 Q. The Reserve Bank does not have an office in 1 Gulbarga 2 Kanpur 3 Jaipur 4 Bhopal Ans: 1 Q. Which one of the following is the objective of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)issued by the Government? 1 To ensure that Companies take steps for rehabilitation of project-affected people 2 To ensure that Companies use some of their profits for educating the project-affected

people 3 To ensure that Companies provide health care to project-affected people 4 None of these Ans: 1 Q. The disease which has been declared by the Union Government to be a mandatorily notifiable in order to provide better diagnosis and treatment and reduce its transmission is 1 Tuberculosis 2 Diabetes 3 Malaria 4 Cancer Ans: 1 Q. The first Credit Information Company in India was 1 CARE 2 ICRA 3 CIBIL 4 None of the above Ans: 3 Q. To review the determination of poverty line by Suresh Tendulkar Committee, Planning Commission has constituted a committee under the chairmanship 1 S.K. Goel 2 C. Rangrajan 3 Mihir Shah 4 Prakash Bukshi Ans: 2 Objective Current Affairs Q. All services excluding services in negative list have been brought under the umbrella of service tax w.e.f. July 1, 2012. How many services have been included in the negative list? 1 17 2 15 3 21 4 19 Ans: 1 Q. For 2011-12, the external debt as percentage of GDP stands at -

1 22% 2 20% 3 23% 4 25% Ans: 2 Q. With reference to The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) report which one of the following statements is correct? 1 By 2030 even two planet Earths would not be enough to sustain human activity 2 Biodiversity has decreased by an average of 50 per cent globally since 1970 3 The world would have to be 50 per cent bigger to have enough land and forests to provide for current levels of consumption and carbon emissions Ans: 2 Q. With a view to strengthening regional financial and economic cooperation the Reserved Bank of India has announced Swap Arrangement of how much amount of US$ billion both in foreign currency and Indian rupee for SAARC member countries? 1 USD 2 billion 2 USD 2.5 billion 3 USD 4.5 billion 4 USD 3.25 billion Ans: 1 Q. In the 12th Five Year Plan the Government of India has proposed to invest for development of various projects in port sector the amount of 1 73,893.95 crore 2 76,793.95 crore 3 76,000.00 crore 4 75,793.95 crore Ans: 2 Q. India has signed a key tax information exchange agreement and another pact on information technology to accelerate economic and joint investment with1 Qatar 2 Yaman 3 Iraq 4 Bahrain Ans: 4

4 The report is titled Living Planet Report 2012

Q. Which country took over the rotating presidency of the UN Security Council in June 2012? 1 China 2 Iraq 3 India 4 Iran Ans: 1 Q. Which country has increased its defence budget by nearly 10 per cent to 545 billion rupees ($ 5.8 billion) for the 2012-13? 1 India 2 Iran 3 Iraq 4 Pakistan Ans: 4 Q. Who authored the book Mind Positive, Life Positive ? 1 Buta Singh 2 Sushma Swaraj 3 S. Joginder Singh 4 Sonia Gandhi Ans: 3 Q. Who had been made the President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development(EBRD)? 1 Bobby Jindal 2 Adi Goderej 3 Mr. Suma Chakrabarti 4 Rahul Khullar Ans: 3 Objective Current Affairs Q. The World Environment Day was observed across the globe on June 5,2012. Theme for the World Environment Day 2012 was 1 Water-all we need 2 Green Economy : Does it include you? 3 Forests-Nature at your Service 4 None of the above Ans: 2

Q. IREDA (Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Ltd.) an independent Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) was established in 1 1988 2 1985 3 1987 4 1986 Ans: 3 Q. SSS-NIRE (Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Renewable Energy) working in bio-energy, bio-fuel, synthetic fuel etc is located at 1 Mumbai 2 Wadala Kalan, Kapurthala (Punjab) 3 Bangalore 4 Dehradun Ans: 2 Q. RGAUD (Rajiv Gandhi Akshay Urja Diwas) i.e. Rajiv Gandhi Renewable Energy Day, Sadbhavana Day is celebrate each year on the birth day of ex. PM Rajiv Gandhi. His birth day is 1 20th November 2 20th December 3 20th August 4 20th October Ans: 3 Q. The Solar Evapo-Cooking System (SECS) for controlling excretion of CO2 in atmosphere and to save LPG amount during food cooking for 20000 people daily in Shri Sai Baba Institute Nyas, Shirdi (Maharashtra)was established in 1 June 2012 2 June 2009 3 June 2011 4 June 2010 Ans: 4 Q. The estimates of National Income are prepared by1 National Development Council 2 National Productivity Council 3 National Income Council 4 Central Statistical Organization

Ans: 4 Q. The State who launched "Atal Khadyanna Yojna" is 1 Bihar 2 Gujarat 3 Uttarakhand 4 Jharkhand Ans: 3 Q. The first Lokpal Bill was presented in the Parliament in 1 1968 2 1967 3 1971 4 1972 Ans: 1 Q. Which of the following is the latest country to reach an agreement on civil nuclear cooperation with India? 1 Australia 2 South Korea 3 China 4 Israel Ans: 1 Q. Montreal Protocol is related with the protection of 1 Green house gases 2 Acid rain 3 Ozone layer 4 Endangered species Ans: 3 Objective Current Affairs Q. Which one of the following is the most fragile eco-system that will be first affected by global warming? 1 Arctic and Greenland Ice sheet 2 Amazon rain forest 3 Taiga 4 Indian Monsoon Ans: 1

Q. Who amongst the following is the author of the book "To A Hunger Free World"? 1 Amartya Sen 2 C. Rangarajan 3 Manmohan Singh 4 M.S. Swaminathan Ans: 4 Q. The Government of India has launched an Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) to monitor certain disease. Which of the following is not covered under the project? 1 Malaria 2 Polio 3 Plague 4 Tuberculosis Ans: 3 Q. "Swayamsidha" is a scheme launched by the Government of India to help. 1 Women only 2 School children only 3 Health workers only 4 None of these Ans: 1 Q. In the financial newspapers we read about International Growth. What are the activities involved in Industrial Sector for the purposes of economic planning? 1 Mining 2 Manufacturing 3 Construction 4 All of the above Ans: 4 Q. A person eligible to become the President of India should not be less than 1 60 years of age 2 35 years of age 3 40 years of age 4 50 years of age Ans: 2 Q. Who amongst the following has written the book "The City of Joy"?

1 Ingram Smith 2 V. Harrison 3 Dominique Lapierre 4 Guentar Grass Ans: 3 Q. India's first Defence University is set up in 1 Haryana 2 Uttar Pradesh 3 Punjab 4 Delhi Ans: 1 Q. The Supreme Court of India has upheld the Government's decision to provide reservation to Other Backward Class candidates in central educational institutes. How much reservation they get? 1 27% 2 13% 3 15% 4 20% Ans: 1 Q. Who amongst the following Indians has featured in the list of 'World's 100 most influential Women", selected by the "Time" Magazine? 1 Mamata Banerjee 2 Sania Mirza 3 Jaya Bachchan 4 Pratibha Patil Ans: 1 Objective Current Affairs Q. "Vachaspati Puraskars" are given by the 1 Madhya Pradesh Government 2 Uttar Pradesh Hindi Akademy 3 Birla Foundation 4 None of these Ans: 3 Q. Which of the following films was given the award of "the Best Motion Picture of the

Year" by Oscar Foundation? 1 There will be Blood 2 No country for Old Men 3 Peter & the Wolf 4 None of these Ans: 2 Q. Who amongst the following was the Chairman of the Second Administrative Reforms Commission who submitted its report to the Government a few months back? 1 Veerappa Moily 2 Natwar Singh 3 M.S. Gill 4 None of these Ans: 1 Q. Which of the following companies/commissions of Indians Origin signed a pact for obtaining oil blocks in Libya? 1 Reliance Petroleum 2 Oil India Ltd. 3 Oil & Natural Gas Corporation 4 None of these Ans: 2 Q. Which of the following companies of Indian Origin has become the first Indian Company to launch financial services to retail investors in China? 1 Bajaj Finance 2 SBI Capital Markets 3 Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group 4 None of these Ans: 3 Q. Tata Motors has signed a long term partnership agreement with which of the following auto companies? 1 Ford Motor Company 2 Maruti Suzuki 3 Toyota Motor Corporation 4 None of these Ans: 1

Q. Many times we read in financial newspapers/magazines about "Share Swap" done by big corporates. What is "Share Swap"? (A) A business takeover in which acquiring company uses its own stock to pay for the acquired company (B) When a company uses its own shares to get some short term loan for working capital requirement, it is known as Share Swap (C) When companies are required to float a new issue to earn capital for their expansion programmes, each shareholder gets some additional preferential shares. The process of the allotment of preferential share is known as Share Swap. 1 Only A 2 Only B 3 Only C 4 None of these Ans: 1 Q. On the basis of the study done by the Government of India, various states were divided into two groups "Low Poverty States", "High Poverty States". Which of the following is not a low poverty state? 1 Kerala 2 Orissa 3 Karnataka 4 Gujarat Ans: 2 Q. As reported in the major financial newspapers the Federal Reserve has made certain changes/corrections in its base federal funds rates. This act of the Federal Reserve will bring an effect directly and immediately on the banks located in 1 USA 2 China 3 Japan 4 Russia Ans: 1 Q. Which of the following countries has the largest cheques truncation facility in Asia? 1 China 2 India 3 Myanmar 4 None of these Ans: 2 Objective Current Affairs

Q. Which of the following is the name of the asset reconstruction company created by various banks in India? 1 ARCIL 2 HCR 3 SEBI 4 None of these Ans: 1 Q. India does not have a single branch/office of any one of its banks in which of the following countries? 1 USA 2 Russia 3 Nepal 4 Switzerland Ans: 4 Q. RISAT-1, which was put in orbit in April 2012 by PSLV-C19, is the heaviest satellite launched by India so far with a weight of 1 1,658 kg 2 1,768 kg 3 1,858 kg 4 1,968 kg Ans: 3 Q. The two-day 20th ASEAN Summit was held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia in 2012 in the month of 1 February 2 March 3 April 4 May Ans: 3 Q. Abd-Rabbu Mansour was recently elected as the President of which one of the following Arab nation? 1 Yemen 2 Iraq 3 Oman 4 Iran Ans: 1

Q. Name the Tamil author who was announced the winner of the Saraswati Samman 2011 by K.K. Birla Foundation announced on March 22, 2012 for his book Irama Kathaiyum Iramayakalum. 1 Jeyamohan 2 Dhanushkodi Ramasamy 3 A.A. Manavalan 4 Sundara Ramasami Ans: 3 Q. Which legendary versatile Bengali actor was on March 21,2012 selected for India's highest film honour the Dadasaheb Phalke Award for 2012? 1 Prasanjeet Chatterjee 2 Soumitra Chatterjee 3 Ranjit Mallick 4 Suvendu Chakroborty Ans: 2 Q. Union Rural Development Minister Jairam Ramesh during his tour of Maharashtra's Satara district announced on March 11,2012 a national award for sanitation and water in the name of which of the following Maharashtrian saints? 1 Sant Gadge Baba 2 Sant Yoga Paramanandar 3 Bhaktha Pundarikar 4 Bhaktha Goma Bai Ans: 1 Q. Akali Dal Chief Prakash Singh Badal, sworn in as the chief minister of Punjab on March 14, 2012. Badal became the chief minister of the state for1 Fourth time 2 Fifth time 3 Third time 4 Second time Ans: 2 Q. Which one of the following state governments imposed restrictions on the visit of foreign tourists to the areas inhabited by Tribals? 1 Odisha 2 Bihar 3 Madhya Pradesh

4 Uttar Pradesh Ans: 1 Objective Current Affairs Q. Indian black eagle was spotted in the Aravali Biodiversity park after a gap of ____ years. 1 60 2 70 3 80 4 90 Ans: 4 Q. Recently India has raised its objection over the construction of the Zangmu dam. In this Context which country is building this Zangmu dam? 1 Pakistan in Pol 2 Bangladesh on the Brahmaputra river 3 China on the Brahmaputra 4 Pakistan with the help of china assistance Ans: 3 Q. Kundankulam Nuclear Power Plant is being established in 1 Tamil Nadu 2 Karnataka 3 Kerala 4 Andhra Pradesh Ans: 1 Q. Which one of the following States/Union Territories has the least number of females per 1000 males as per provisional figures of Census 2011? 1 Daman and Diu 2 Dadar and Nagar Haveli 3 Haryana 4 Puducherry Ans: 1 Q. Which of the following has the highest share in power generation in India? 1 Thermal power 2 Nuclear power 3 Hydro power

4 All the above have equal share Ans: 1 Q. Volkswagen launched the new IPL edition of Vento and Polo. Volkswagen is a car maker head quartered in 1 Itali 2 Japan 3 South Korea 4 Germany Ans: 4 Q. The White House on February 10,2012 named India's renowned economist as the recipient of the 2011 US National Humanities Medal, Identify him 1 Usha Thorat 2 C. Rangarajan 3 Amartya Sen 4 Montek SIngh Ahluwalia Ans: 3 Q. Pakistani archaeologists discovered a rare Indus Valley civilization era seal in steatite dating back to 2500-2000 BC from the Cholistan area of which of the following province in Pakistan? 1 FATA 2 Balochistan 3 Punjab Province 4 Sindh Province Ans: 3 Q. The new President of the World Bank to take charge w.e.f July 2012 is 1 Jim Young Kim 2 Robert Zoellick 3 Christine Lagarde 4 Obiageli Katryn Ezekwesili Ans: 1 Q. In 'Meritorious Awards' of SCOPE for the year 2010 - 11, which of the following Public Sector company has been awarded the Gold Trophy for the best corporate governance? 1 ONGC 2 HAL 3 GAIL

4 SAIL Ans: 4 Objective Current Affairs Q. As per the latest estimates of Planning Commission, what was the total population percentage was below poverty line in the year 2009-10? 1 42% 2 25.5% 3 29.8% 4 37.2% Ans: 3 Q. 'Environment Excellency' award under SCOPE Meritorious Awards 2010-11 has been given to 1 SAIL 2 ONGC 3 EIL 4 IOC Ans: 2 Q. Finance Minister in his rollback announcements in budget proposals 2012-13 deferred GAAR for 1 Three year 2 One year 3 Two year 4 Till end of 12th plan Ans: 2 Q. South Sudan has become a member of International Monetary Fund (IMF). It became IMF's 1 189th Member 2 187th Member 3 186th Member 4 188th Member Ans: 4 Q. How many Indian Companies have been included in Forbes 2000 list of the year 2012? 1 71 2 61

3 57 4 65 Ans: 2 Q. National Dairy Plan (Phase - I) has been launched to give a boost to milk production in the country. In the first phase this plan will cover 1 All states except North Eastern region 2 Only Gujarat 3 Only 14 states 4 Only 5 states Ans: 3 Q. 20th Summit of ASEAN was held on April3-4,2012 in 1 Phnom Penh(Cambodia) 2 Bankok (Thailand) 3 Singapore 4 Jakarta (Indonesia) Ans: 1 Q. 6 MMTPA pellet making plant in Odisha has been commissioned by 1 Tata Steels 2 Essar Steels 3 Jindal Steels 4 Steel Authority of India Ltd. Ans: 2 Q. Which of the following telecom authority has recently given the power to act like a civil court? 1 Depart of Telecommunication(DoT) 2 Telecom Regulatory Authority of India(TRAI) 3 Wireless Planning & Coordination (WPC) Wing 4 Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) Ans: 2 Q. Recently the Union Government of India has set up NATGRID. It is related to which one of the following? 1 Health 2 Intelligence 3 Education

4 Space Ans: 2 Objective Current Affairs Q. The Government of India has recently set up Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC). It will be headed by which of the followings 1 Finance Minister 2 Economic Advisor to the Prime Minister 3 Governor of RBI 4 Prime Minister Ans: 3 Q. Which of the following national organization has completed 150th year of its existence in 2011? 1 Zoological Survey of India 2 Archaeological Survey of India 3 Anthropological Survey of India 4 Geological Survey of India Ans: 2 Q. Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) in the Assessment of Chemicals, a multilateral agreement supported by which one of the followings 1 WEF 2 WTO 3 OECD 4 IMF Ans: 3 Q. Which one of the state assembly has recently passed a Bill seeking a seven year jail term for the cow slaughter or even transporting the animal for that purpose? 1 Maharashtra 2 Gujarat 3 Uttarakhand 4 Chhattisgarh Ans: 2 Q. "The man who knew infinity" is a biography written by Robert Kanigel. This biography belongs to which one of the following? 1 Srinivasa Ramanujan 2 Jagdish Bhagvati

3 Dr. C. V. Raman 4 V. Ramakrishanan Ans: 1 Q. Which one of the following state/UT has recently launched e-PDS in its bid to achieve transparency in the distribution of food supplies through the Public Distribution System? 1 Delhi 2 Chhattisgarh 3 Tamil Nadu 4 Puducherry Ans: 3 Q. The University of Chicago is going to establish a Chair for Indian studies in the name of which one of the following Indian mentor? 1 Rabindranath Tagore 2 Swami Vivekananda 3 Ramkrishna Paramhans 4 Sri Ravishankar Ans: 2 Q. One of the State Governments in India has declared tea as the "State Drink" to encourage tea farmers. The state is 1 Assam 2 Kerala 3 West Bengal 4 Tamil Nadu Ans: 1 Q. What is the tax free income level for woman for the financial year 2012-13 (i.e. the assessment year 2013-14)? 1 Rs. 2.00 lakh 2 Rs. 1.80 lakh 3 Rs. 2.20 lakh 4 Rs. 2.50 lakh Ans: 1 Q. Out of the total expenditure as shown in regular Budget 2012-13, the maximum share goes to 1 Defence

2 Subsidy Payment 3 Central Plan Outlay 4 Interest Payment Ans: 3 Objective Current Affairs Q. In the list of Forbes' billionaires 2012, who became the richest person in the world? 1 Warren Buffet 2 Mukesh Ambali 3 Lakshmi Mittal 4 Carlos Slim Ans: 4 Q. For the year 2012-13, the dis-investment target set by the government in Union Budget 2012-13 is 1 Rs 45,000 crore 2 Rs 35,000 crore 3 Rs 40,000 crore 4 Rs 30,000 crore Ans: 4 Q. In Budget 2012-13, the revenue deficit (Budget Estimates) for 2012-13 has been estimated at 1 5.5% of GDP 2 4.4% of GDP 3 3.4% of GDP 4 3% of GDP Ans: 3 Q. As per 2012-13 Budget, the income tax rate of 30% will be applicable for tax payers above the income 1 Rs. 12.0 lakh 2 Rs. 8.0 lakh 3 Rs. 8.5 lakh 4 Rs. 10.0 lakh Ans: 4 Q. According to Economic Survey 2011-12 in India's external debt for the year 2010-11 debt to GDP ratio stands at -

1 17.9% 2 20.5% 3 17.8% 4 18.9% Ans: 3 Q. During 2011-12, the union government sold 5% share in ONGC. The revenue earned by this investment stood at 1 12981 crore 2 12767 crore 3 13767 crore 4 13205 crore Ans: 2 Q. The estimated fiscal deficit for the year 2012-13 as shown in Budget 2012-13 stands at 1 6.9% 2 5.1% 3 5.6% 4 6.7% Ans: 2 Q. Which of the following changes have been brought in Egypt after the recent popular uprising that overthrew President Hosni Mubarak? 1. Adopting a new constitution. 2. Reducing presidential term from 6 years to 4 years. 3. Limiting the president to two terms. 4. Presidential candidate must be over 40 years. Select the correct answer using the code given below: 1 1 and 2 2 2, 3 and 4 3 3 and 4 only 4 2 and 4 only Ans: 2 Q. Which one of the following teams won the maximum number of gold medals in the 34th national Games 2011 held in Jharkhand? 1 Manipur 2 Services 3 Haryana 4 Maharashtra

Ans: 2 Q. Consider the following statements about National Knowledge Commission: 1. It is an advisory body to the Prime Minister constituted as per the provisions of the Constitution of India. 2. Mr.Sam Pitroda is the Chairman of the Commission. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? 1 Neither 1 nor 2 2 1 only 3 Both 1 and 2 4 2 only Ans: 4 Objective Current Affairs Q. The 'Shillong Declaration', in news recently, was on 1 Food Security Act 2 Right to Information Act 3 Right to Education Act 4 Prevention of Corruption Act Ans: 2 Q. According to the Economic Survey 2011-12, the share of service sector in India's GDP during 2010-11 has been estimated at 1 63.3% 2 49.6% 3 55.1% 4 58.2% Ans: 3 Q. The target to limit union government's expenditure on subsidy (as % of GDP) during 2012-13 stand at 1 3.5% 2 3.0% 3 4.0% 4 2% Ans: 4 Q. According to the figure as shown in Economic Survey 2011-12, the saving - investment gap which was 2.8% in 2009-10 became/remained 1 3.1%

2 2.8% 3 2.7% 4 2.5% Ans: 2 Q. As per Economic Survey 2011-12, the advance estimate of agriculture sector's contribution in country's GDP for the year 2011-12 stands at 1 13.9% 2 16.3% 3 14.5% 4 18.2% Ans: 1 Q. India's first space based Solar Coronograph is 1 ADITYA 2 ADITYA I 3 ADITYA II 4 ADITYA III Ans: 2 Q. Who is nominated as the India's Chief-de-Mission for London Olympics 2012? 1 KPS Gill 2 Ajit Pal Singh 3 Vijay Amritraj 4 Suresh Kalmadi Ans: 2 Q. Who is selected as the Women's Professional Golf PLayer of the Year 2011-12? 1 Aditi Ashok 2 Vani Kapoor 3 Smriti Mehra 4 Pallavi Jain Ans: 3 Q. Which state wins the best State Award 2012 for strengthening the Panchayati Raj Institutions? 1 Rajasthan 2 Gujarat 3 Sikkim

4 Kerala Ans: 3 Q. As per participation of women in politics India's rank stands at 1 110 2 105 3 104 4 101 Ans: 105 Objective Current Affairs Q. Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh paid a visit in December 2011 to 1 Tokyo 2 Melbourne 3 Wellington 4 Moscow Ans: 4 Q. Annual Defence Diologue was held in December 2011 between India and 1 China 2 Afghanistan 3 Russia 4 Pakistan Ans: 1 Q. Consider the following statements on NATGRID (i) NATGRID has been formed to link database for inputs to combat terrorism. (ii) It is meant to improve India's capability to counter threats to its internal security. Choose the right option: 1 Both (i) and (ii) are correct 2 Only (i) is correct 3 Only (ii) is correct 4 Neither (i) nor (ii) is correct Ans: 1 Q. The report by Wildlife Institute of India enlisted major threats to three tiger reserves which are Kalakad-Mundanthurai tiger reserve, Anamalai and Mudumalai. In which one of the following stated are these tiger reserves located? 1 Bihar 2 Tamil Nadu

3 West Bengal 4 Kerala Ans: 2 Q. Who have been awarded with FIFA World Player of the Year 2011 Trophy? 1 Lionel Messi 2 Xavi Fernandez 3 Christiano Ronaldo 4 None of these Ans: 1 Q. Uttarakhand state cabinet on October 29, 2011 cleared Uttarakhand Lokayukta Bill, 2011. Consider the following features of the bill(i) The Chief Minister of the state, all ministers, MLAs and lower judiciary will be under the purview of Lokayukta. (ii) Judges of the Uttarakhand High Court will not be covered under the purview of Lokayukta. Choose the right option1 Both (i) and (ii) are correct 2 Only (i) is correct 3 Only (ii) is correct 4 Neither (i) nor (ii) is correct Ans: 1 Q. Which Bengali film was selected as the inaugural film at the 11th edition of River to River Florence Indian Film Festival, 2011, in Florence, Italy in December 2011? 1 100% Love 2 Khokababu 3 Chaplin 4 Bedroom Ans: 3 Q. Name the legendary Bollywood playback singer who entered the Guinness world Records for the most number of single studio recordings? 1 Lata Mangeshkar 2 Asha Bhonsle 3 Shreya Ghoshal 4 Suchitra Krisnamurthy Ans: 2

Q. Which one of the following became the first Indian state to launch health insurance policy covering all its people? 1 Kerala 2 Haryana 3 Bihar 4 Goa Ans: 4 Q. West Bengal State cabinet approved the newly drafted land acquisition and resettlement Bill. Consider the following features of the Bill(i) The private enterprises would have to acquire land for their projects directly from the landowners. (ii) The new policy provides that the government would acquire land only for projects of public utility like building, hospitals, irrigation projects, bridges, laying railway tracks, setting up of embankments, and projects relating to internal secu 1 Both (i) and (ii) are correct 2 Only (i) is correct 3 Only (ii) is correct 4 Nither (i) nor (ii) is correct Ans: 1 Objective Current Affairs Q. Which one of the following state governments announced free housing for Schedule Castes living in jhuggis under the Rajiv Ratna Yojana? 1 Tamil Nadu 2 Uttar Pradesh 3 Delhi 4 Kerala Ans: 3 Q. Name the Indian Union Minster who represented India at the meeting of the Heads of Governments of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) in St. Petersburg on November 7,2011. 1 Union Minister of External Affairs S.M. Krishna 2 Union Power Minister Sushil Kumar Shinde 3 Union Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises Vilasrao Deshmukh 4 Union Minister of New and Renewable Energy Dr. Farooq Abdullah Ans: 2 Q. Which one of the following ministries launched a scheme, Adivasi Shiksha Yojana on

November 2,2011? 1 Tribal Affairs Ministry 2 Ministry of Rural Development 3 Home Ministry 4 Ministry of Power Ans: 1 Q. Social activist who was chosen for the Basava award for the year 2010 for excellence in service in the social sector by the Karnataka State Government? 1 Medha Patkar 2 C.R. Neelakandan 3 Aruna Roy 4 Reetika Khera Ans: 1 Q. Which one of the following governments launched Kishori scheme for adolescent girls? 1 Delhi state government 2 Odisha state government 3 Bihar state government 4 Haryana state government Ans: 1 Q. The Delhi Assembly on December 1, 2011 passed the Delhi Municipal Corporation, MCD (Amendment) Bill-2011 to trifurcate the civic body with voice vote. The MCD came into existence on1 April 5, 1950 2 April 7, 1958 3 March 10, 1960 4 November 2, 1990 Ans: 2 Q. The Golden Peacock award for the Best films at the 42nd International Film Festival of India which came to an end at the Kala Academy in Panaji, Goa on December 3,2011? 1 Russian Film Elena 2 Columbian Film Porfirio 3 Malayalam Film Adaminte Makan Abu 4 An Israeli Film Restoration Ans: 2

Q. Readers of International travel magazine Conde Nast Traveller voted which city in Rajasthan as the best leisure destination in India? 1 Udaipur 2 Jaipur 3 Bikaner 4 jaisalmer Ans: 1 Q. The Chhattisgarh government on Dec. 7, 2011 decided to raise the percentage of reservation for the scheduled tribes and schedule caste. The STs will now get___ whereas the SCs will get____ reservation. 1 32;32 2 32;12 3 12;32 4 12;12 Ans: 2 Q. The book 'Non-Stop India' by a journalist-author was recently launched. Name the journalist-author who authored the book? 1 Babita Sharma 2 Jane Hill 3 Sophie Raworth 4 Mark Tully Ans: 4 Objective Current Affairs Q. The 40th Anniversary of Vijay Diwas was celebrated on which day marking the finest hour of the Indian armed forces when they defeated Pakistan, leading to the creation of Bangladesh in 1971? 1 December 16 2 December 12 3 December 15 4 December 18 Ans: 1 Q. The Himachal Pradesh Cabinet on December 15, 2011 approved amendment to the state industrial policy. Consider the following statements (i) The amended industrial policy seeks to promote environmentally sustainable development in the state and encourage cleaner production and adoption. (ii) Under this policy, disincentive industries will be put on negative list.

1 Both (i) and (ii) are correct 2 Only (i) is correct 3 Neither (i) nor (ii) is correct 4 Only (ii) is correct Ans: 1 Q. The Supreme Court of India directed Tamil Nadu to ensure that the water level in the Mullaperiyar dam does not exceed but declined to entertain Kerala's plea for reducing the level to 1 150 feet; 140 feet 2 136 feet; 120 feet 3 120 feet; 136 feet 4 140 feet; 112 feet Ans: 2 Q. Name the Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD) leader who was inducted into the Union Cabinet as Civil Aviation Minister on December 18, 2011? 1 Jayant Chaudhary 2 Ajit Sing 3 Devendra Nagpal 4 Sanjay Singh Chauhan Ans: 2 Q. India's Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) showed a 3 point decline, dropping to what number per 1,000 live births, as per government data released on December 28,2011? 1 47 2 43 3 55 4 50 Ans: 1 Q. Maharashtra government planned to provide freemedicare for poor families. Consider the following statements: (i) The plan will benefit 50 lakh families (ii) The plan will cover eight districts in state Choose the right option 1 Both (i) and (ii) are correct 2 Neither (i) nor (ii) is correct 3 Only (ii) is correct 4 Only (i) is correct

Ans: 1 Q. Lok Sabha on December 27, 2011 passed the Lokpal and Lokayukta Bill, 2011. Consider the following statements(i) The setting up of Lokayuktas by the states would not be mandatory (ii) The constitutional amendment Bill fell through Choose the right option1 Both (i) and (ii) are correct 2 Only (i) is correct 3 Only (ii) is correct 4 Neither (i) nor (ii) is correct Ans: 1 Q. Where was the midnight international marathon held recently? 1 Delhi 2 Mumbai 3 Bangalore 4 Kolkata Ans: 3 Q. Which country is set to open military base in Indian Ocean? 1 China 2 Russia 3 North Korea 4 None of the above Ans: 1 Q. who has been named PGA Tour Player of the Year? 1 Luke Donald 2 Tiger Woods 3 Ian Poulter 4 Rory Mcllroy Ans: 1 Objective Current Affairs Q. Which has been selected as best public sector bank in India? 1 Bank of Baroda 2 SBI 3 PNB

4 ICICI Ans: 1 Q. Who won the under-14 boys American Cup Tennis Championship in Miami, Florida? 1 Dusan Vukicevic 2 David Volfson 3 Benjamin Hennestad 4 Sumit Nagal Ans: 4 Q. Name the NRI architect who won Glory of India Award and Certificate of Excellence recently? 1 S.R. Nathan 2 Ar Mohammed Aun 3 Surendra Kumar Kaushik 4 None of the above Ans: 2 Q. Which Indian state is set to get Green Field Industrial Corridor? 1 Arunachal Pradesh 2 Mizoram 3 Manipur 4 Manipur Ans: 1 Q. Who is the 2nd person to score double century in One-day International Cricket? 1 Virendra Sehwag 2 Rahul Dravid 3 R. Ashwin 4 M.S. Dhoni Ans: 1 Q. Name the Iranian Teenager who won World Snooker title recently 1 Steve Mizerak 2 Lee Walkar 3 Hossein Vafaei Ayouri 4 None of the above Ans: 3

Q. At the end-September 2011, the foreign debt on India stood at 1 $ 326.6 billion 2 $ 306.4 billion 3 $ 336.6 billion 4 $ 342.4 billion Ans: 1 Q. The share of concessional debt in total foreign debt on India was 15.5% at end-March 2011 which at end-September 2011 became1 14.7% 2 15.0% 3 15.9% 4 16.2% Ans: 1 Q. As per the latest figures released by the Ministry of Agriculture, the per capita per day foodgrain availability in India stands at 1 440 gm 2 900 gm 3 280 gm 4 580 gm Ans: 1 Q. The both houses of the Parliament have passed the Bill of raising paid-up capital of Life Insurance Corporation of India in December 2011. This Bill after the notification as Act will raise the paid-up capital to1 25 crore 2 50 crore 3 100 crore 4 200 crore Ans: 3 Objective Current Affairs Q. United Nations Organisation (UNO) has declared to celebrate 2012 as1 Year of Cooperatives 2 Year of Banking 3 Year of Global Recovery 4 Year of Prosperity Ans: 1

Q. At end-September 2011, the proportion of short-term debt in country's total foreign debt stood at1 25.0% 2 19.6% 3 23.3% 4 21.9% Ans: 4 Q. Which of the following is true for RBI's third-quarter monetary policy review announced on January 24, 2012? 1 Only changed CRR 2 Both Repo and CRR changed 3 Only Repo changed 4 Only Bank Rate changed Ans: 1 Q. After the announcement of RBI's third quarter review of monetary policy 2011-12, which of the following rate remains the lowest? 1 Cash Reserve Ratio 2 Bank Rate 3 Repo Rate 4 Reserve Repo Rate Ans: 1 Q. During the first nine months of the year 2011-12, country's exports aggregated to $217.6 billion, showing a year-on-year growth of 1 16.8% 2 18.4% 3 23.3% 4 25.6% Ans: 4 Q. During the period April-December 2011, of the financial year 2011-12, India's trade deficit stood at 1 $ 133.3 billion 2 $121.3 billion 3 $ 129.6 billion 4 $ 139.2 billion Ans: 1

Q. Which is the first Indian Bank to open a branch in Saudi Arabia? 1 Central Bank of India 2 AXIX Babk 3 ICICI Bank 4 SBI Ans: 4 Q. Which country possesses the largest gold jewelry market in the world? 1 India 2 USA 3 UAE 4 China Ans: 1 Q. The Cheque/draft validity period is being revised w.e.f. April 1, 2012. What is true regarding stipulation? 1 From 6 months to 3 months 2 From one year to 9 months 3 from 6 months to one month 4 From 3 months to one month Ans: 1 Q. Forward Markets Commission is financial regulator of 1 Commodity Future Markets 2 Mutual Funds 3 Micro Finance 4 Non-life Insurance Ans: 1 Objective Current Affairs Q. Life Insurance companies have been allowed to approach capital markets with their public issues by IRDA. What is the eligibility norm for insurance companies to be permitted to adopt this approach? 1 Insurance companies require to be ten years old 2 Insurance companies require to show profits for the last three years 3 Insurance companies doing business of more than Rs. 10,000 crore would be eligible 4 All of the above Ans: 1

Q. The new Chairman of FIEO (Federation of Indian Export Organisation) taken charge in January 2012 is 1 M. Rafeeque Ahmed 2 Rajendra Pawar 3 Reeta Menon 4 Lalit K. Panwar Ans: 1 Q. At end-September 2011, in composition of India's foreign debt, the highest share goes to 1 Commercial Borrowings 2 NRI deposits 3 Multilateral Debt 4 All above have almost equal share Ans: 1 Q. Government has notofied to change the FDI ceiling in single brand retailing 1 From 51% to 75% 2 From 49% to 51% 3 From 74% to 100% 4 From 51% to 100% Ans: 4 Q. As on April 1, 2011 status, Geological Survey of India has estimated coal reserves in the country at1 267.21 billion tonne 2 276.32 billion tonne 3 285.87 billion tonne 4 298.87 billion tonne Ans: 3 Q. Which of the following Indian Airlines is going to join 'One world' global alliance from February 10, 2012? 1 Kingfisher 2 Jet Air 3 Indigo 4 Spice Jet Ans: 1

Q. EPFO (Employees Providend Fund Organisation) has made a plan to fix minimum pension for its subscribers at1 750 per month 2 1,000 per month 3 1,250 per month 4 1, 500 per month Ans: 2 Q. FICCI in its Economic Outlook Survey has projected India's GDP growth for the year 2011-12 at1 7.4% 2 7.2% 3 6.9% 4 6.5% Ans: 3 Q. As per advance estimates of CSO for the year 2011-12, the GDP growth rate has been estimated at 1 7.6% 2 6.9% 3 6.4% 4 6.1% Ans: 2 Q. 'Sensitive Sector' as defined by RBI includes1 Capital Market 2 Real Estate 3 Commodities 4 All of the above Ans: 4 Objective Current Affairs Q. PMEAC has revised its GDP growth estimates for 2011-12 to 7.1% and projected GDP growth for 2012-13 at 1 7.0%-7.4% 2 7.5%-8.0% 3 8.1%-8.3% 4 8.5% Ans: 2

Q. The newly launches CPI-based inflation for January 2012 on point basis is 7.65%. This inflation has the base year 1 2004 2 2006 3 2008 4 2010 Ans: 4 Q. The new Chairman of FICCI (Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry) who took charge in January 2012 is1 Harsh Mariwala 2 R. V. Kanoria 3 Naina Lal Kidwai 4 Siddharth Birla Ans: 2 Q. As per advance estimate of CSO, the estimated growth rate in tertiary (service) sector for 2011-12 is1 8.6% 2 9.0% 3 9.4% 4 9.8% Ans: 3 Q. Which of the following sector show the negative growth in the advance estimates of CSO year 2011-12? 1 Mining and Quarrying 2 Agriculture and Fisheries 3 Manufacturing 4 Electricity, Gas and water supply Ans: 1 Q. Which organisation is meant to ensure exports from India? 1 None of the above 2 EXIM Bank 3 Ministry of Commerce 4 ECGC Ans: 4

Q. Which of the following is considered lending fopr promotion of exports? 1 Packing Credit 2 Overdraft 3 cash Credit Account 4 Bill Discounting Ans: 1 Q. Which of the major port in India celebrated its Golden Jubilee in January 2012? 1 Kolkata/Haldia Port 2 Paradeep Port 3 Vishakhapatnam Port 4 Kandla Port Ans: 2 Q. As per India State of Forest Report 2011, the State having the Maximum forest area is 1 Madhya Pradesh 2 Arunachal Pradesh 3 Rajasthan 4 Uttar Pradesh Ans: 1 Q. India State of Forest report 2011 puts forest area in the country at1 Below 25% 2 Between 25% and 27% 3 Between 27% to 30 % 4 Above 30% Ans: 1 Objective Current Affairs Q. At end-September 2011, the teledensity in the country stood at1 72.38% 2 76.86% 3 79.03% 4 80.76% Ans: 2 Q. As per the changed import duty structure on gold and silver, the import duty on gold and silver will be charged at..... respectively of the value of the imported metal. 1 1.5% and 5%

2 2.0% and 6% 3 1.5% and 6% 4 2.5% and 6% Ans: 3 Q. As per the status of end-December 2011, which of the following company holds the maximum share in telephone services? 1 Bharti Airtel 2 Vodafone 3 Realiance 4 BSNL Ans: 1 Q. Which type of bank account can be opened by a Non-resident Indian (NRI) in India? 1 Current Account 2 Fixed Deposit Account 3 Savings Account 4 Locker Account Ans: 2 Q. 'HUNGAMA' report of Nandi Foundation is related to 1 Hunger and Malnutrition 2 2-G Spectrum Scam 3 Tax-Evasion 4 Black Money deposited in foreign banks Ans: 1 Q. 'Trust Card' has been launched by an organisation to make consumer's payment more easier. The organisation is 1 Delhi Metro 2 ICERT 3 BSNL 4 Bharti Airtel Ans: 3 Q. The Sixth Economics Census of commercial units was/will be done in the year1 2011 2 2012 3 2013

4 2014 Ans: 2 Q. As per the HUNGAMA report, the percentage of underweight (malnourished) children younger than five years in India is 1 65% 2 54% 3 42% 4 31% Ans: 3 Q. As per the second advance foodgrains estimates for 2011-12, foodgrains production during 2011-12 is estimated at 1 246.46 MT 2 250.42 MT 3 254.68 MT 4 262.32 MT Ans: 2 Q. As per final estimates, wheat and rice production in 2010-11 stood at1 86.87 MT and 95.98 MT respectively 2 95.98 MT and 86.87 MT respectively 3 88.31 MT and 102.75 MT respectively 4 86.87 MT and 102.75 MT respectively Ans: 1 Objective Current Affairs Q. The Fourth Rail Coach Manufacturing Factory (The first in India to be built on PPP model) is being made in1 Kerala 2 Andhra Pradesh 3 Karnataka 4 Tamil Nadu Ans: 1 Q. In which of the following currencies, India has decided to make payment to buy crude oil from Iran? 1 US Dollar 2 Indian Rupee

3 Pound Sterling 4 Euro Ans: 2 Q. The fifth edition of the World Future Energy Summit was held recently in1 New Delhi 2 Abu Dhabi 3 Tehran 4 Dhaka Ans: 2 Q. Planning Commission on India on January 18,2012 approved Rudrasagar development scheme. The scheme is related1 Tripura 2 Assam 3 Sikkim 4 Manipur Ans: 1 Q. Researchers discovered new earthworm species in Port Blair. What is the name of the new species? 1 Annelida 2 Moniligaster Ivaniosi 3 Nematoda 4 Onychophora Ans: 2 Q. Which team defeated Uttarakhand in the men's category to win the National title for he fourth time, in the 60th Senior National Volleyball Championship at Raipur on January 11, 2012? 1 West Bengal 2 Tamil Nadu 3 Kerala 4 Andhra Pradesh Ans: 3 Q. Which team extended their hegemony by defeating Kerala 25-12, 25-14, 25-16 in a one sided final in the women's category at the 60th Senior National Volleyball Championship? 1 Railways

2 Services 3 Delhi 4 Punjab Ans: 1 Q. This footballer was awarded the 2011 FIFA Ballon d'or on January 9,2012 in Zurich. He won the award for the third consecutive year for the world's outstanding footballer. Identify the footballer. 1 Lionel Messi 2 Cristiano Ronaldo 3 Xavi 4 Sergio Ramos Ans: 1 Q. State-run Northern Coalfields (NCL) agreed to surrender land required to mine two blocks attached to the Sasan ultra mega power plant to which of the following companies giving the company the benefit to over Rs. 6000 crore over the life of the venture? 1 Reliance Power 2 Adani Power 3 Birla Power Solutions 4 DLF Power Ans: 1 Q. Which car took home the crown of Indian Car of the Year 2012 in January 2012? 1 Maruti Suzuki Swift 2 Toyota Etios Liva 3 Hyundai Verna 4 Hyundai Eon Ans: 1 Objective Current Affairs Q. As per the Wholesale Price Index, published by the government on January 16, 2012. Reduced food prices caused the inflation to dip to a year low at what per cent in December 2011? 1 7.47% 2 7.65% 3 6.33% 4 5.41%

Ans: 3 Q. Which French construction major entered the Indian market by buying out 100 per cent stake in NAPC, a Chennai-based construction company? 1 Sinopec Engineering 2 Uhde 3 Vinci 4 Snamprogetti Ans: 3 Q. India signed MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) on tourism with ASEAN on January 12,2012. The agreement took place in 1 Manila 2 Jakarta 3 Manado 4 Malaysia Ans: 3 Q. Pravasi Bhartiya Divas-2012 was held in Jaipur. Jaipur is the capital of which one of the following states? 1 Rajasthan 2 Bihar 3 Bihar 4 UP Ans: 1 Q. India and Japan on January 12, 2012 agreed to enhance their cooperation in the... sector. 1 Infrastructure 2 Tourism 3 Road and Transport 4 Coal and Mining Ans: 1 Q. He was conferred the first S.K. Singh Award for excellence in the Indian foreign Service on January 6,2012. Identify the diplomat. 1 D. Bala Venkatesh Verma 2 Ranjan Mathai 3 Shivshankar Menon 4 K. Raghunath

Ans: 1 Q. Name the auto making company which launched three new variants of the Eon-D--Lite plus, Era plus and Magna plus in the Indian market in January 2012. 1 Tata Motors 2 Hyundai Motor India 3 Volkswagen 4 Maruti Suzuki Ans: 2 Q. Who was presented the Mahatma Gandhi International Award for Peace and Reconciliation on January 4, 2011 the fourth day of the ten-day Kalachakra initiations? 1 Tanzania's Julius Nyerere 2 South African leader Nelson Mandela 3 Tibetan spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama 4 Burmese pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi Ans: 3 Q. European Union agreed in principle to ban import of Iranian Crude oil. Consider the following statements: 1. The European Union (EU) is one of Iran's biggest markets for oil. 2. The EU is a political and economical union of 27 member states. Choose the right option: 1 Only 1is correct 2 Only 2 is correct 3 Both 1 and 2 are correct 4 Neither 1 nor 2 is correct Ans: 3 Q. The Israel-Palestine talks, in the first week of January 2012 were held in Amman. Amman is the capital of 1 Jordan 2 Syria 3 Iraq 4 Iran Ans: 1 Objective Current Affairs Q. Maldives on January 4,2012 lifted ban on Spas in the upmarket tourist destination. Consider the following statements: 1. The tourism industry is an important foreign exchange earner in the Maldives.

2. Maldives in 2011 received more than 850000 tourists. Choose the right option: 1 Only 1 is correct 2 Both 1 and 2 are correct 3 Only 2 is correct 4 Neither 1 nor 2 is correct Ans: 2 Q. Scientists for the first time produced mixed embryo monkeys. Consider the following statements: 1. Scientists produced monkeys composed of cells taken from separate embryos. 2. The cells stay together and work together to from tissues and organs. Choose the right option: 1 Both 1 and 2 are correct 2 Only 1is correct 3 Only 2 is correct 4 Neither 1 nor 2 is correct Ans: 1 Q. Scientists discovered unknown species off the coast of Antarctica. Consider the following statements: 1. The temperature in this region rises to 380 degree Celsius. 2. There is plenty of light in this region. Which of the above statement is/are correct? 1 Only 1 2 Only 2 3 Both 1 and 2 4 Neither 1 nor 2 Ans: 1 Q. The world's first hybrid sharks were discovered by the researchers in Australian waters. The hybrid shark is the result of cross-breeding between which one of the following sets of shark species? 1 Common black tip Shark and Australian black-tip Shark 2 Indian black-tip Shark and Australian black-tip Shark 3 Blue Whale and Common black-tip Shark 4 Blue Whale and Australian black-tip Shark Ans: 1 Q. Scientists produced artificial human semen to help infertile men. Consider the following statements-

1. The scientists grew the sperm by enveloping the germ cells in a special compound agar jelly. 2. The artificial human semen could help infertile men father own children. Choose the right option: 1 Both 1 and 2 are correct 2 Only 1is correct 3 Only 2 is correct 4 Neither 1 nor 2 is correct Ans: 1 Q. Health Authorities in Australia recently detected Deadly Disease, Murray Valley Encephalitis. The disease is caused by the 1 Flies 2 Dogs 3 Birds 4 Mosquitoes Ans: 1 Q. Union government raised the ad valorem duty (export duty) on iron ore exports to what per cent from 20 per cent? 1 30% 2 33% 3 41% 4 43% Ans: 1 Q. As per the Commerce Ministry data released on January 2,2012, India's exports recorded their slowest pace of growth in two years in November 2011. What was the percentage of growth recorded? 1 4.2% 2 3.8% 3 2.2% 4 0.94% Ans: 2 Q. Union government on January 3,2012 approved Reliance Industries' (RIL) investment plan for developing four satellite fields in the flagging KG-D6 block. What was the proposed sum to be invested for developing the satellites? 1 $ 1.500 billion 2 $ 1.692

3 $ 1.529 billion 4 $ 1.375 billion Ans: 3 Q. Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) estimated Corporate India's sales to grow by what per cent in 2011-12? 1 23.7% 2 20.8% 3 22% 4 21.6% Ans: 4
Parliament of India

Parliament Parliament is the supreme legislative body of India. The Indian Parliament comprises of the President and the two Houses-Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The President has the power to summon and prorogue either House of Parliament or to dissolve Lok Sabha. The Constitution of India came into force on January 26, 1950. The first general elections under the new Constitution were held during the year 1951-52 and the first elected Parliament came into being in April, 1952, the Second Lok Sabha in April, 1957, the Third Lok Sabha in April, 1962, the Fourth Lok Sabha in March, 1967, the Fifth Lok Sabha in March, 1971, the Sixth Lok Sabha in March, 1977, the Seventh Lok Sabha in January, 1980, the Eighth Lok Sabha in December, 1984, the Ninth Lok Sabha in December, 1989, the Tenth Lok Sabha in June, 1991, the Eleventh Lok Sabha in May, 1996, the Twelfth Lok Sabha in March, 1998, Thirteenth Lok Sabha in October, 1999, Fourteenth Lok Sabha in May, 2004 and Fifteenth Lok Sabha in April, 2009. Rajya Sabha The origin of Rajya Sabha can be traced back to 1919, when in pursuance to the Government of India Act, 1919, a second chamber known as the Council of States was created. This Council of States, comprising of mostly nominated members was a deformed version of second chamber without reflecting true federal features. The Council continued to function till India became independent. The Rajya Sabha, its Hindi nomenclature was adopted in 23 August, 1954. The Rajya Sabha is to consist of not more than 250 members - 238 members representing the States and Union Territories, and 12 members nominated by the President. Rajya Sabha is a permanent body and is not subject to dissolution. However, one third of the members retire every second year, and are replaced by newly elected members. Each member is

elected for a term of six years. The Vice President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. The House also elects a Deputy Chairman from among its members. Besides, there is also a panel of "Vice Chairmen" in the Rajya Sabha. The senior most Minister, who is a member of Rajya Sabha, is appointed by the Prime Minister as Leader of the House. Lok Sabha Parliamentary institutions in India, with all their modern ramifications, owe their origin to India's British connections. Until 1853, there was no legislative body distinct from the Executive. The Charter Act of 1853, for the first time provided some sort of a legislature in the form of a 12 member Legislative Council. The Indian Independence Act, 1947 declared the Constituent Assembly of India to be a full sovereign body. Apart from being a Constitution drafting body, it also assumed full powers for the governance of the country. With the coming into force of the Constitution on 26 January, 1950, the Constituent Assembly functioned as the Provisional Parliament until the first Lok Sabha, then known as the House of People, and was constituted following General Elections in 1952. Lok Sabha, the Hindi nomenclature was adopted on 14 May, 1954. The Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of people chosen by direct election on the basis of Universal Adult Suffrage. The Constitution provides that the maximum strength of the House be 552 members - 530 members to represent the States, 20 members to represent the Union Territories, and 2 members to be nominated by the President from the Anglo-Indian Community. At present, the strength of the House is 545 members. The term of the Lok Sabha, unless dissolved, is five years from the date appointed for its first meeting. However, while a proclamation of emergency is in operation, this period may be extended by Parliament by law for a period not exceeding one year at a time and not extending in any case, beyond a period of six months after the proclamation has ceased to operate. Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
1. Members of Lok Sabha are directly elected by the eligible voters. Members of Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected members of State Legislative Assemblies in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote. 2. The normal life of every Lok Sabha is 5 years only while Rajya Sabha is a permanent body. 3. Lok Sabha is the House to which the Council of Ministers is responsible under the Constitution. Money Bills can only be introduced in Lok Sabha. Also it is Lok Sabha, which grants the money for running the administration of the country. 4. Rajya Sabha has special powers to declare that it is necessary and expedient in the national interest that Parliament may make laws with respect to a matter in the State List or to create by law one or more all-India services common to the Union and the States.

Functions and Powers

The cardinal functions of the Legislature include overseeing of administration, passing of budget, ventilation of public grievances, and discussing various subjects like development plans, international relations, and national policies. The Parliament can, under certain circumstances, assume legislative power with respect to a subject falling within the sphere, exclusively reserved for the states. The Parliament is also vested with powers to impeach the President, remove judges of Supreme and High Courts, the Chief Election Commissioner, and Comptroller and Auditor General in accordance with the procedure laid down in the Constitution. All legislation requires the consent of both Houses of Parliament. In the case of Money Bills, the will of the Lok Sabha prevails. The Parliament is also vested with the power to initiate amendments in the Constitution.

International Indian Film Academy (IIFA) Award - 2013 The International Indian Film Academy is a first-of-its-kind effort to promote Indian Cinema globally, thus reaching out to millions of its fans. This pioneering effort is spearheaded by Wizcraft International Entertainment Pvt. Ltd., India's first and premier event management and entertainment agency. It's the celebration of Indian Cinema. The International Indian Film Academy. Propelling Indian Cinema to glorious pinnacles beyond Indian shores. As global cinema rapidly emerges, a prominent place for Indian Cinema is reserved. IIFA constantly endeavours to showcase to the world the wealth of talent Indian Cinema has to offer. The IIFA Weekend and Awards is a celebration of Indian Cinema consisting of fun-filled activities that brings the fans close to their favourite stars. The highlight of the Weekend is the IIFA Awards Ceremony that honours the best of Indian cinema. Fans of Indian cinema from all over the world converge to celebrate Indian cinema, whereas millions worldwide catch the telecast from the comforts of their home. On its journey of celebrating Indian Cinema across the world, IIFA spreads the magic of Indian cinema to various exotic locales around the world. Starting with the Millennium Dome, London, IIFA has travelled through Sun City, Malaysia, Johannesburg, Singapore, Amsterdam, Dubai, Yorkshire, Thailand, Macau, Colombo and Toronto. Wherever IIFA has left its mark, it has promoted the business of Indian Cinema and provided it an impetus. IIFA 2013 Host : MACAU AWARD WINNERS Best Film Best Direction Performance In A Leading Role - Male Performance In A Leading Role Barfi Anurag Basu - Barfi Ranbir Kapoor - Barfi Vidya Balan - Kahaani

Female Performance In A Supporting Role Male Performance In A Supporting Role Female Performance In A Comic Role Performance In A Negative Role Best Story Best Music Direction Lyrics Playback Singer - Male Playback Singer - Female Best Debut - Male Best Debut - Female Cinematographer Editing Screenplay Choreography Action Sound Recording Sound Mixing Make-up Annu Kapoor Vicky Donor Anushka Sharma Jab Tak Hai Jaan Abhishek Bachchan Bol Bachchan Rishi Kapoor Agneepath Anurag Basu and Tani Basu Barfi Pritam Chakraborty - Barfi Amitabh Bhattacharya - Abhi Mujh Mein Kahin Agneepath Sonu Nigam - Abhi Mujh Mein Kahin - Agneepath Shreya Ghoshal - Chikni Chameli Agneepath Ayushmann Khurrana Yami Gautam Ravi Varman I.S.C - Barfi Namrata Rao - Kahaani Anurag Basu & Tani Basu - Barfi Agneepath Ganesh Acharya for "Chikni Chameli Gangs of Wasseypur Part 1 Shyam Kaushal Eric Pillai -Future Sound Of Bombay - Barfi Debajit Changmai - Barfi Uday Serali - Barfi

Name Mr. Pranab Mukherjee Mohammad Hamid Ansari Manmohan Singh Ms. Meira Kumar Mr. P. J. Kurien Mr. Karia Munda President of India Vice President

Designation

Prime Minister of India (Chairman of Planing Commission) Speaker, Lok Sabha Deputy Chairman, Rajya Sabha Deputy Speaker, Lok Sabha

Ms. Sushma Swaraj Mr. Arun Jaitley Dr. Montek Singh Ahluwalia Mr. V. S. Sampath Mr. Hari Shankar Brahma Justice K.G. Balakrishnan Mr. Shashi Kant Sharma Mr. Justice M.N. Rao Prof. D.P. Agarwal Dr. M.S. Swaminathan Mr. Satyanand Mishra Mr. N. K. Raghupathy Dr. Vishwa Mohan Katoch Mr. C. Chandramouli Mr. Justice D. K. Jain Mr. Duvvuri Subbarao Mr. Baldev Raj Mr. Shailesh Gupta Dr. Sudha Sharma Mr. U. K. Sinha Ms. Mamata Sharma Dr. Vijay Kelkar Mr. Sam Pitroda Shri Jawhar Sircar Mr. Ratan Tata Mr. Krishnakumar Natarajan Mr. Rajkumar Dhoot Mr. Shiv Shankar Menon Mr. Shumsher K. Sheriff Mr. T. K. Vishwanathan Syed Asif Ibrahim Mr. Ranjit Sinha

Leader of Opposition (Lok Sabha) Leader of Opposition (Rajya Sabha) Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission Chief Election Commissioner Election Commissioner Chairperson, National Human Rights Commission Comptroller and Auditor General of India Chairman, National Commission for Backward Classes Chairman, UPSC Chairman, National Commission on Farmers (NCF) Chief Information Commissioner Chairman, SSC Director General, Indian Council of Medical Research Register General and Census Commissioner of India Chairman Law Commission Governor, Reserve Bank of India (RBI) President, Indian National Academy of Engineering Chairman, Audit Bureau Circulation(ABC) Chairperson, Central Board of Direct Taxes(CBDT) Chairman, Securities & Exchange Board of India Chairperson, National Commission for Women Chairman, 13th Finance Commission Chairman, National Knowledge Commission CEO, Prasar Bharati Chairman, Investment Commission Chairman, NASSCOM President, ASSOCHAM National Security Advisor and Special Advisor to PM (Internal Security) Secretary General Rajya Sabha Secretary General Lok Sabha Director IB Director CBI

Mr. Alok Joshi Mr. Arvind Ranjan Mr. Pranay Sahay Mr. Rajiv Mr. P. K. Mehta Shri Ajay Chadha Prof. Ved Prakash Shri Avinash Chander Dr. R. Chidambaram Dr. K. Radhakrishnan Dr. R. K. Sinha Mr. Wajahat Habibullah Name Dr. Pronob Sen Shri Arun Chaudhary Mr. Rameshwar Oraon Mr. P. L. Punia Shri Sharad Kumar Vice Admiral Anurag G Thapliyal Mr. N. Srinivasan Dr. Syed Nasim Ahmad Zaidi Justice P. Sathasivam Mr. Mohan Parasaran Mr. K. K. Chakravarty Mr. S. Gopalkrishnan General Vikram Singh Admiral Devendra Kumar Joshi

Director, Research and Analytical Wing (RAW) Director General, NSG Director General, CRPF Director General, Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) Director General, Railway Protection Force Director General, Indo-Tibetan Border Police(ITBP) Chairman UGC Scientific Advisor to Defence Minister and Director General DRDO Principal Scientific Advisor to the Govt. Chairman Space Commission and ISRO Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary, Dept of Atomic Energy. Chairperson, National Commission for Minorities Designation Chairman, National Statistical Commission Director General, Sashastra Seema Bal Chairman, National Commission for Scheduled Tribes Chairman, National Commission for Scheduled Castes Director General National Investigation Agency (NIA) Director General, Indian Coast Guard President Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) Election Commissioner Chief Justice of India Solicitor General Chairman Lalit Kala Academy Chairman Confederation of Indian Industries(CII) Chief of the Army Staff Chief of the Naval Staff

Air Chief Marshal Norman Anil Kumar Browne Mr. Goolam E. Vahanvati Mrs. Kushal Singh Dr. Y. V. Reddy Mr. Subhash Joshi Smt. Mrinal Pande Mr. Nandan Nilekani Shri Vijay S Madan Dr. Sudhir Krishna Shri Dr. Sudhir Krishna

Chief of the Air Staff Attorney General of India Chairperson of National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) Chairman 14th Finance Commission Director General of Border Security Force (BSF) Chairperson Prasar Bharati Board Chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) Director General and Mission Director of the Unique Identification Authority of India Chairman Delhi Metro Rail Chairman Kolkata Metro Rail Director General, Bureau of Police Research & Development (BPR&D) Foreign Secretary Director General of the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)

Lieutenant General Anil Chait Chief of the Integrated Defence Staff Shri Rajan Gupta Smt.Sujatha Singh Mr. Chandrajit Banerjee

Name Ban Ki-moon Jan Eliasson Dr. Jim Yong Kim Christine Lagarde Irina Bokova Dr. Margaret Chan Guy Ryder Anthony Lake Antonio Guterres Helen Clark Dr. Supachai Panitchpakdi Jose Angel Gurria

Designation Secretary-General, United Nations Organisations Deputy Secretary-General,UN President, World Bank Managing Director, International Monetary Fund(IMF) Director -General, UNESCO Director -General, WHO Director -General, Inter-national Labour Organisation Executive Director, United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund(UNICEF) UN High Commissioner for Refugees Administrator, United Nations Development Programme Secretary-General, United Nations Conference on trade and Development(UNCTAD) Secretary-General, Organisation of Economic Cooperation

And Development (OECD) Peter Tomka Haruhiko Kuroda Donald Kaberuka Jacques Rogge Kamalesh Sharma Thomas Yayi Boni Roberto Azevedo Ms. Navanetham Pillay Herman Van Rompuy Alan Issac Jose Manuel Durao Barroso Kandeh K. Yumkella Abdullatif bin Rashid Al-Zayani Abdallah Salem elBadri Jose Miguel Insulza Salinas Hifikepunye Pohamba Mr. Yukia Amano Anders Fogh Rasmussen Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin Dr. Surin Pitsuwan Mr. Ahmed Saleem Lamine Diack Charles F. Bolden, Jr Salil Shetty President, International Court of Justice President, Asian Development Bank President, African Development Bank President,International Olympic Committee Secretary-General, Commonwealth Chairman, African Union Assembly Director - General, WTO High Commissioner, UN High Commission for Human Rights President, European Council President, International Cricket Council President, European Commission Director - General, UNIDO Secretary-General, Gulf Co- operation Council

Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu Secretary-General, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation Secretary-General, Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries(OPEC) Secretary-General, Organisation of American States President, South West African People's Organisation(SWAPO) Director - General, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Secretary-General, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) Executive Director, UNFPA Secretary-General, ASEAN Secretary-General, SAARC President, international Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF) Chief of NASA (USA) Secretary-General, Amnesty International

Ms. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma Ertharin Cousin

Chairperson, African Union Commission Executive Director of WFP

Name Mr. Cyrus Mistry Mr. Mukesh Ambani Mr. Lakshmi Mittal Ms. Kiran Majumdar Ms. Chanda Kochhar Mr. Shiv Nadar Mr. Naresh Goyal Mr. Sunil Mittal Ms. Indira Nooye Shikha Sharma S. D. Shibulal Azim H. Premji Mr. Vineet Nayyar Mr. Rohit Nandan Mr. K. V. Kamath Mr. C. M. Vasudev Mr. Pratip Chaudhuri Mark Zuckerberg Narayan Murthi Steve Jobs Mr. Vijay Maliya Mr. Sunil Mittal Mr. Kumaramangalam Birla Mr. Anand Mahindra Mr. Warren Buffett Rajan Bharti Mittal Chairman Tata Sons

Designation Chairman Relience Industries Chairman Mittal Arcelor Steels Chairman Biocon Managing Director & CEO ICICI Bank Chairman HCL Technologies Chairman Jet Airways Chairman Bharati Group CEO Pepsico MD, CEO Axis Bank CEO and Managing Director Infosys Chairman Wipro Chairman of Mahindra Satyam Chairman & Managing Director of Air India Chairman ICICI Bank Chairman, HDFC Bank Chairman of State Bank of India (SBI) CEO Facebook Founder & Chairman of Infosys Founder of Apple Company Chairman of UB Group and Kingfisher Airlines Founder of Airtel (Telecom Service Provider in India) Chairman of Aditya Birla Group of Company Chairman, Mahindra & Mahindra Group Chairman and CEO of Berkshire Hathaway President of International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) India

Dr. Arup Roy Choudhury Mittu Chandilya

Chairman NTPC CEO, Air Asia India

NH Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Passing Rout Delhi - Ambala - Jalandhar - Amritsar - Indo-Pak Border Delhi - Mathura - Agra - Kanpur - Allahabad - Varanasi - Mohania Barhi - Palsit - Baidyabati Bara - Calcutta Agra - Gwalior - Shivpuri - Indore - Dhule - Nasik - Thane - Mumbai

Length (Km) 456 1,490 1,161

Junction with NH 3 near Thane - Pune - Belgaum - Hubli - Bangalore 1,235 Ranipet - Chennai Junction with NH 6 near Baharagora - Cuttack - Bhubaneswar Vishakhapatnam - Vijayawada - Chennai Surat - Dhule - Nagpur - Raipur - Sambalpur - Baharagora - Calcutta Varanasi - Mangawan - Rewa - Jabalpur - Lukhna - don Nagpur Hyderabad - Kurnool - Babgalore - Krissnagiri - Salem - Dindigul Madurai - Kanyakumari Delhi - Jaipur - Ajmer - Udaipur - Ahmadabad - Vadodara - Mumbai Pune - Sholapur - Hyderabad - Vijayawada Delhi - Fazilka - Indo - Pak border Agra - Jaipur - Bikaner Jabalpur - Bhopal - Khilchipur - Aklera - Jhalawar - Kota - Bundi Devil - Tonk - Jaipur Sholapur - Chitradurga Beawar - Sirohi - Radhanpur Pathankot - Amritsar - Bhatinda - Ganganagar - Bikaner - Jaisalmer Barmer - Samakhiali (near Kandla) Nizamabad - Mancherel - Jagadalpur Panvel - Mahad - Panaji - karwar - Mangalore - Cannore - Calicut (kozhikode) - Ferokh - Kuttipuram - Pudu Ponnani - Chowghat Cranganur Junction with National Highways No.7 near Edapally Junction with National Highway No.7 near Kurnool - Nandyal Cuddapah - Junction with National Highway No.4 near Chittoor 1,533 1,932 2,369 1,428 791 403 582 491 491 450 1,526 460 1,269

18

369

19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Ghazipur - Balia - Patna Pathankot - Mandi Junction with National Highway No.22 near Chandigarh - Ropar Bilaspur - Mandi - Kullu - Manali Ambala - Kalka - Shimla - Narkanda - Rampur - Chini Indo - Tibet border near Shipki La

240 220 323 459

Chas - Ranchi - Rourkela - Talcher Junction with National Highway No 549 42 Delhi - Bareilly - Lucknow Lucknow - Kanpur - Jhansi - Shivpuri Jhansi - Lakhnadon Allahabad - Mangawan Junction with National Highway No. 31 near Barauni - Muzaffarpur Pipra Gorakhpur - Lucknow Gorakhpur - Ghazipur - Varanasi Junction with National Highway No.2 near Mohania - Patna Bachtivarpur Junction with National Highway No.2 near Barhi - Bakhtiarpur Mokameh - Purnea - Dalkola - Salmara - Nalbari Charali Aminagaon Junction with Nationl Highway No. 37 Junction with National highway No.2 near Gobindpur - Dhanbad Jamshedpur Junction with National highway No.2 near Barhi - Ranchi Junction With national Highway No.6 near Baharagora Junction with National highway No.31 near Dalkoa - Berhampore Barasat - Calcutta Barasat - Bangaon - Indo- Bangladesh Border Nowgong - Dabaka - Dimapur (Manipur Road) Junction with National Highway No.31 near Goalpara - Guahati Jorabat - Kamargaon - Makum - Saikhoaghat Makum - Ledo - Lekhapani Numaligarh - Imphal - Palel - Indo - Burma Border Jorabat - Shillong - Indo - Bangladesh Border near Dawki 438 319 396 93 570 230 230

31

1,125

32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

179 352 443 61 170 680 54 436 161

41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

Junction with National Highway No.6 near Kolaghat - Haldia Port Junction with National Highway No. 6 near Sambalpur - Angul Junction with National Highway No. 5 near Cuttack Raipur - Vizianagaram Junction with National Highway No. 5 Shillong - Passi Badarpur - Agartala - Sabroom Chennai - Tiruchirapalli - Dindigul Krishnagiri - Ranipet Salem - Coimbatore - Trichur - Ernakulam - Trivandrum Kanniyakumari Bangalore - Hassan - Mangalore Cochin - Madurai - Dhanushkodi Nasik - Junction with National Highway No.4 near Pune Paikan - Tura - Dulu Baihata - Charali - Tezpur - Bander Dewa - North Lakhimpur Pasighat - Tezu - Sitapani Junction with National Highway No.37 near Saikhoaghat

51 261 551 630 387 132 640 328 440 192 149 850

53 54 55 56

Junction with National Highway No.44 near Badarpur - Jirighat Imphal 320 - Silchar Silchar - Aizawl - Tuipang Siliguri - Darjeeling Lucknow - Varanasi 560 77 285

Important Days in January Jan 1 Jan 8 Jan 10 Jan 9 Jan 11 Jan 12 Jan 15 Army Medical Corps Establishment Day African National Congress Foundation Day World Laughter Day Pravasi Bharatiya Divas Death anniversary of Lal Bahadur Shastri National youth Day (Birth Day of Swami Vivekanand) Army Day

Jan 23 Jan 25 Jan 26 Jan 28 Jan 30 Jan 31

Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose's birth anniversary International Customs Duty Day, India Tourism Day, Indian Voter Day Republic Day Birth anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai (Martyr's day) Mahatma Gandhi's Martyrdom Day; World Leprosy Eradication Day World Leprosy Eradication Day

Inportant Days in February Feb 2 Feb 4 Feb 5 Feb 13 Feb 14 Feb 24 Feb 28 World Wetlands Day National Day of Srilanka Kashmir Day (Organised by Pakistan) Sarojini Naidu's Birth Anniversary St. Valentine's Day Central Exise Day National Science Day

Important Days in March Mar 3 Mar 4 Mar 8 Mar 9 Mar 12 Mar 15 Mar 16 Mar 21 Mar 22 National Defence Day National Security Day International Women's Day CISF Raising Day Mauritius Day; Central Industrial Security Force Day World Consumer Day National Vaccination Day World Forestry Day World Day of Water

Mar 23 Mar 24 Mar 26

World Meterological Day World TB Day Bangaladesh Liberation Day

Important Days in April April 1 April 5 April 7 April 13 April 14 April 18 April 22 April 23 Orissa Day Natinal Meritime Day World Health Day Jallianwallah Bagh Massacre Day (1919) B.R. Ambedkar Remembrance Day World Heritage Day World Earth Day World Books Day

Important Days in May May 1 May 3 May 8 May 11 May 15 May 17 May 24 May 31 International Labour Day, Maharashtra Day International Energy Day International Red Cross Day (It is celebraed to commemorate the birth anniversary of the founder of the Red Cross Organization Jean Henry Dunant) National Technology Day International Family Day World Telecom Day Commonwealth Day World No Tobacco Day

Important Days in June June 5 World Environment Day

Important Days in July

July 1 July 4 July 11 July 26

Doctor's Day American Independence Day World Population Day Kargil Victory Day

Important Days in August Aug 6 Aug 9 Aug 12 Aug 14 Aug 15 Aug 19 Aug 20 Aug 29 Aug 30 Hiroshima Day Quit India Movement Day International youth Day Pakistan's Independence Day India's Independence Day World Photography Day Sadbhavana Diwas Sports Day (Dhyanchand's Birth Day) Small Industry Day

Important Days in September Sept 5 Sept 7 Sept 8 Sept 14 Sept 16 Sept 21 Sept 25 Sept 27 Teacher's Day (Dr. Radhakrishnan's Birth Day) Forgiveness Day International Literacy Day Hindi day,World First Aid Day World Ozone Day International Day of Peace, World Alzheimer's day Social Justice Day World Tourism Day

Important Days in October Oct 1 International Day for the Elderly(UN)

Oct 2 Oct 3 Oct 4 Oct 5 Oct 6 Oct 8 Oct 9 Oct 10 Oct 12 Oct 13 Oct 14 Oct 15 Oct 17 Oct 20 Oct 24 Oct 30 Oct 31

Gandhi Jayanti, International Day of Non-Violence World Nature Day, World Habitat Day World Animal Day World Teacher's Day World Wildlife Day, World Food Security Day Indian Airforce day World Postal Day World Mental Health day; National Post Day World Sight day World Calamty Control Day(UN) World Standard Day World White cane day(guiding the blind) International poverty National Solidarity Day (China attacked India on that day) United Nations Day World Thrift Day National Integration Day (In memory of Idira Gandhi)

Important Days in November Nov 7 Nov 9 Nov 10 Nov 14 Nov 17 Nov 26 Nov 30 Infant Protection day; World Cancer Awareness Day Legal Service Day Transport Day Children's day/ World Diabetics day Guru Nanak Dev's Birth Anniverrsary Law Day Flag Day

Important Days in December Dec1 Dec 3 Dec 4 Dec 7 Dec 10 Dec 11 Dec 14 Dec 19 Dec 23 World AIDS Day World Disability Day Navy Day Armed Force Flag Day Human Rights day UNICEF Day National Energy Conservation Day Goa's Liberation day Kisan Divas (Farmer's Day)

Nuclear Reactor are classified by several methods such as based on nuclear reaction, moderator material, coolant, phase of fuel, use etc. A brief outline of these classification schemes is provided below: Nuclear fission - Most reactors, and all commercial ones, are based on nuclear fission. They generally use uranium and its product plutonium as nuclear fuel cycle is also possible. Fission reactors can be divided roughly into two classes, depending on the energy of the neutrons that sustain the fission chain reaction. Thermal reactors use slowed or thermal neutrons and fast neutron reactors use fast neutrons to cause fission in their fuel. they do not have a neutron moderator and use less moderating coolants. Light water moderated reactors (LWRs) - Light water reactors use ordinary water to moderate and cool the reactors. At operating temperature, the density of water drops because of increase in it's temperature, and fewer neutrons passing through it are slowed enough to trigger further reactions. Due to the extra thermalization, these types can use natural uranium/unreached fuel. Name of Nuclear Explosions Trinity Little Boy Fat Man RDS-1 Hurricane Ivy Mike Joe 4 Country USA USA USA USSR UK USA USSR Yield (Kt) 19 15 21 22 25 10,400 400 Year 1945 1945 1945 1949 1952 1952 1953

Castle Bravo RDS-37 Grapple X Gerboise Bleue Tsar Bomba 596 Test No. 6 Canopus Smiling Buddha Pokhran-II Chagai-I 2006 North Korea Nuclear Test 2009 North Korea Nuclear Test

USA USSR UK France USSR China China France India India Pakistan North Korea North Korea

15,000 1,600 1800 70 57000 22 3300 2600 12 60 36-40 less than 1 Kt 5-15

1954 1955 1957 1960 1961 1964 1967 1968 1974 1998 1998 2006 2009

60th National Film Awards Dada Shaheb Phalke Award Best Hindi Feature Film: Paan Singh Tomar Best Director: Shivaji Lotan Patil for Dhag (Marathi) Best Actor: Irrfan Khan, Paan Singh Tomar and Vikram Gokhale for Anumati(Marathi) Best Actress: Usha Jadhav, Dhag (Marathi) Best Supporting Actress: Dolly Alhuwalia, Vicky Donor and Kalpana, Thanichallanjan (Malyalam). Best Supporting Actor: Annu Kapoor, Vicky Donor Best Male Playback Singer: Shankar Mahadevan for Bolo Na from Chittagong Best Female Playback Singer: Samhita for Palakein Naa Moon Don from Aarti Anklekartikekar (Marathi) Best Song: Bolo Na from Chittagong Best Lyrics: Prasoon Joshi for Bolo Na from Chittagong Best Screenplay Writer (adapted): Bhavesh Mandalia and Umesh Shukla for Oh My God! Best Dialogue: Anjali Menon for Ustad Hotel (Malayalam)

Special Mention: Parineeti Chopra for Ishaqzaade Best Telugu Film: Eega Best Hindi Film: Filmistan Best Investigative Film: Inshallah Kashmir Best Child Artist: Master Virendra Pratap for Dekh Indian Circus Special Mention: Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Gangs Of Wasseypur Best Original Screenplay writer for his Vidya Balan starrer Kahaani Best Choreographer: Pandit Birju Maharaj, Vishwaroopam Best Special Effects: Eega Best Animation Film: Delhi Safari Best Editing:- Namrata Rao for Kahaani Special Jury Award: Rituparno Ghosh for Chitrangada and Nawazuddin Siddiqui Special Jury Mention: Parineeti Chopra for Ishaqzaade, Tannishtha Chatterjee for Dekh Indian Circus Best Child Artist: Master Virendra Pratap for Dekh Indian Circus and Master Minon for 101 Chodyangal Parliament of Other Countries Country Afghanistan Australia Bangladesh Bhutan Canada China Denmark Egypt Parliament Shora Parliament Jatia Parliament Tasongadu Parliament National People Congress Folketing Peoples Assembly

France Germany Great Britain India Iran Ireland Israel Japan Malaysia Maldive Magnolia Nepal Netherlands Norway Pakistan

National Assembly Bundestag Parliament Parliament (Sansad) Majlis Dail Eireann Knesset Diet Majlis Majlis Khural Rasthtriya Panchayat States General Storting National Assembly Official Books of Various Country Blue Book - An official report of the British Government. Green Book Official Publications of Itali and Persia Grey Book Official reports of the Government of Japan and Belgium. Orange Book Official publication of the Govt. of Netharlands. White Book Official publications of China, Germany and Potugal. White Paper Official Paper of the Govt. of Britain and India on a particular issue.

Yellow Book Official paper of the Govt. of France. Poland Spain Sweden South Africa Switzerland Russia Taiwan Turkey U.S.A. Scym Crotes Riksdag Parliament Federal Assembly Duma Yuan Grand National Assembly Congress

DIFFERENT BRANCHES OF SCIENCE Branch Aeronautics Astronomy Agronomy Angiology Anthology Anthropology Apiculture Araneology Batracology Biochemistry Biotechnology Concerning field Science of fligt of airplanes. Study of heavenly bodies. Science dealing with crop plant. Deals with the study of blood vascular system. Study of flower. Study of apes and man. Honey industries (Bee Keeping). Study of spiders. Study of frogs. Deals with the study of chemical reactions in relation to life activities. Deals with the use of micro-organisms in commercial processes for producing fine

chemicals such as drugs; vaccines; hormones,etc. on a large scale. Cardiology Craniology Cryptography Cryogenics Cytology Dermatology Ecology Entomology Etiology Eugenics Study of heart. Study of skulls. Study of secret writing. Study concerning with the application and uses of very low temperature. Study of cells. Study of skin. The study of relationship between organisms and enviornment. Study of insects. Study of cause of insects. Study of improvment of human race by applying laws of heredity. it is related with future generations. Deals with the study of origin of new from old. Deals with life or possibilities of life beyond the earth. Study of flower yeilding plants. Study of condition and structure of the earth Study of heredity and variations. study of growing old. Study of female reproductive organs. Study of garden cultivation. Study of blood. Study of liver.

Evolution Exbiology Floriculture Geology Genetics Gerontology Gynaecology Horticulture Haematology Hepatology

Iconography Immunology Jurisprudence Kalology Lexicography Mycology Myology Nephrology Neurology Numismatics Obstetrics Oneirology Ophthalmology Omithology Osteology Palaeontology Philately Philology Phonetics Physiography Pedology Pathology phycology Physiology

Teachings by pictures and models. Science which deals with the study of resistance of organisms against infection. Science of law. Study of human beauty. Compiling of dictionary. Study of fungi. Study of muscles. Study of kidneys. study of nervous system. Study of coins and medals. Branch of medicine dealing with pregnancy. Study of dreams. Study of eyes . Study of birds. Study of bones. Study of fossils. Stamp collecting. Study of languages. Concerning the sounds of a language. Natural phenomenon. Stydy of soils. Study of disease causing organisms. Study of algae. Science dealing with the study of functions

of various parts of organisms. Pisciculture Pomology Seismology Sericulture Serpentology Telepathy Taxonomy Virology Study of fish. Study of fruits. Study of earthquakes. Silk industry(culture of silk moth and pupa). Study of snakes. Communication between two minds at a distance with the help of emotions, thoughts and feelings. Study of classification of organisms. Study of virus.

Sites of Summer Olympic YEAR 1896 1900 1904 1908 1912 1920 1924 1928 Athens Paris St. Louis London Stockholm Antwerp Paris Amsterdam CITY

1932 1936 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016

Los Angeles Berlin London Helsinki Melbourne Rome Tokyo Mexico City Munich Montreal Moscow Los Angeles Seoul Barcelona Atlanta Sydney Athens Beijing London Rio de Janeiro (Brazil-Scheduled)

WORLD CUP CRICKET The idea of organising a World Cup of cricket was mooted and agreed to in principle in 1971 when such a proposal was discussed at a meeting of the International Cricket Conference in London. However, due to various commitments the tournaments could not be staged until 1975 when the original plan of a South African team's visit to England fell through following opposition to the country's racial policy. England's Prudential Assurance Company came forward with sponsorship and for three consecutive years 1975, 1979 and 1983the one-day limited overs cricket tournament was held in England. It became famous as the Prudential

Cup. In the first two tournaments, apart from the six full members of the International Cricket Conference (England, Australia, West Indies, New Zealand, India and Pakistan), Sri Lanka, before being elevated to Test status in 1981, had joined East Africa in 1975 and Canada in 1979 (two top teams among the associate members) to complete the groups in the tournaments proper. The West Indies, under Clive Lloyd, not only won the first two tournaments in 1975 and 1979 but in true Calypso style they produced sparkling cricket and confirmed I heir unassailable supremacy in this game. India broke the West Indian stranglehold in 1983 to open a new chapter in the brief annals of this prestigious tournament. Apiirt from some sparkling individual performances, the competition witnessed thrills and upsets. India with a poor total of 183 bowled themselves back into the game and became memorable winners by 43 runs at the sensational final at Lord's. When India managed a total of 183 in the final with useful contributions from Srikkanth (38), Amarnath (26) and Sandeep Patil (27), it seemed an easy total for the West Indies to overcome, but they surprisingly folded up for 140 runs and India pulled off one of the cricket's greatest upsets. Amarnath's performance earned him the coveted Man of the Match award. WORLD CUP CRICKET HISTORY Year Hosting Country 1975 UK 1979 UK 1983 UK 1987 India & Pakistan 1992 Australia 1996 India, Pakistan & Sri Lanka 1999 UK 2003 South Africa, Kenya & Zimbabwe 2007 West Indies, Bermuda 2011 India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka Result West Indies beat Australia by 17 runs West Indies beat England by 92 runs India beat west Indies by 43 runs Australia beat England by 7 runs. Pakistan beat England by 22 runs. Sri Lanka beat Australia by 7 wickets Australia beat Pakistan by 8 wickets. Australia beat India by 125 runs Australia beat Sri Lanka India beat Sri Lanka

Higest Individual Scores in ODI (Oneday International Cricket) * (Not out) 219 Virender Sehwag, India vs West Indies, Indore, December 2011.

200 * 194* 194 189* 189 188* 186* 183* 183 181* 181

Sachin Tendulkar, India vs South Africa, Gwalior, February 2010. Charles Coventry, Zimbabwe vs Bangladesh, Bulawayo, August 2009 Saheed Anwar, Pakistan vs India, Chennai, May 1997 Viv Richards, West Indies vs England, Manchester, May, 1984 Sanath Jayasuriya, Sri Lanka vs India, Sharja, October 2000 Gary Kirsten, South Africa vs UAE, Rawalpindi, February 1996 Sachin Tendulkar, India vs New Zealand, Hydrabad, November 1999 Mahendra Singh Dhoni, India vs Srilanka, Jaipur, October 2005 Sourav Ganguly, India vs Sri Lanka, Tauton, May 1999 Mathew Hayden, Australia vs New Zealand, Hamilton, February 2007 Viv Richards, west Indies vs Sri Lanka, Karachi, October 1987.

FIFA WORLD CUP FOOTBALL The World Cup football tournament is organised by the Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) once in four years since 1930. It was on July 18, 1930 that the first-ever World Cup match was played between Uruguay and Chile, at the newly built Centenary Stadium in Montevideo (Uruguay). The World Cup now officially designated as Jules-Rimet Cup, named after the French lawyer who was the President of FIFA from 1921 to 1953, is 12 inch high and made of solid gold.
WORLD CUP FOOTBALL AT A GLANCE Year 2010 Venue Winner Runner Netherland Others awards related to this event

South Africa Spain

Adidas Golden Shoe: Thomas MUELLER(GER) Adidas Golden Ball: Diego FORLAN(URU) adidas Golden Glove: Iker CASILLAS(ESP) FIFA Fair Play award : Spain Best Young Player Award: Thomas MUELLER(GER) Adidas Golden Ball: Zinedine ZIDANE (FRA) Adidas Golden Shoe: Miroslav KLOSE (GER) Yashin Award for the Best Goalkeeper: Gianluigi BUFFON (ITA) Best Young Player Award: Lukas PODOLSKI

2006

Germany

Italy

France

(GER) FIFA Fair Play award: Spain, Brazil FIFA Award for the Most Entertaining Team: Portugal Adidas Golden Ball: Oliver KAHN (GER) Adidas Golden Shoe: RONALDO (BRA) Yashin Award for the Best Goalkeeper: Oliver KAHN (GER) FIFA Fair Play award: Belgium FIFA Award for the Most Entertaining Team: Korea Republic Adidas Golden Ball: RONALDO (BRA) Adidas Golden Shoe: Davor SUKER (CRO) Yashin Award for the Best Goalkeeper: Fabien BARTHEZ (FRA) FIFA Fair Play award: England, France FIFA Award for the Most Entertaining Team: France Adidas Golden Ball: ROMARIO (BRA) Adidas Golden Shoe: Oleg SALENKO (RUS), Hristo STOICHKOV (BUL) Yashin Award for the Best Goalkeeper: Michel PREUDHOMME (BEL) FIFA Fair Play award: Brazil FIFA Award for the Most Entertaining Team: Brazil Adidas Golden Ball: Salvatore SCHILLACI (ITA) Adidas Golden Shoe: Salvatore SCHILLACI (ITA) FIFA Fair Play award: England Adidas Golden Ball: Diego MARADONA (ARG) Adidas Golden Shoe: Gary LINEKER (ENG) FIFA Fair Play award: Brazil Adidas Golden Ball: Paolo ROSSI (ITA) Adidas Golden Shoe: Paolo ROSSI (ITA)

2002

Korea/Japan Brazil

Germany

1998

France

France

Brazil

1994

USA

Brazil

Italy

1990

Italy

Germany Argentina FR

1986

Mexico

Argentina Germany FR

1982

Spain

Italy

Germany FR

FIFA Fair Play award: Brazil Golden Shoe: Mario KEMPES (ARG) FIFA Fair Play award: Argentina

1978

Argentina

Argentina Netherlands

1974

Germany

Germany Netherlands FR Brazil England Brazil Italy Germany FR Czechoslovakia

Golden Shoe: Grzegorz LATO (POL)

1970 1966 1962

Mexico England Chile

Golden Shoe: Gerd MUELLER (GER) Golden Shoe: EUSEBIO (POR) Golden Shoe: Florian ALBERT (HUN), Valentin IVANOV (URS), Drazen JERKOVIC (YUG), Leonel SANCHEZ (CHI), VAVA (BRA), GARRINCHA (BRA) Golden Shoe: Just FONTAINE (FRA)

1958

Sweden

Brazil

Sweden

1954

Switzerland

Germany Hungary FR Uruguay Italy Italy Uruguay Brazil Hungary Czechoslovakia Argentina

Golden Shoe: Sandor KOCSIS (HUN)

1950 1938 1934 1930

Brazil France Italy Uruguay

Golden Shoe: ADEMIR (BRA) Golden Shoe: LEONIDAS (BRA) Golden Shoe: Oldrich NEJEDLY (TCH) Golden Shoe: Guillermo STABILE (ARG)

Wimbledon Tennis The Championships, Wimbledon, or simply Wimbledon, is the oldest tennis tournament in the world and is considered the most prestigious. It has been held at the All England Club in the London suburb of Wimbledon since 1877. It is one of the four Grand Slam tennis tournaments, and the only one still played on the game's original surface, grass, which gave the game of lawn tennis its name. The tournament takes place over two weeks in late June and early July.

MEN'S SINGLE

2013 2012

Mens Single Mens Single

Andy Murray beat Novak Djokovic to become the first Briton to win the Wimbledon men's singles title. Roger Federer of Switzerland clinched the 2012 Wimbledon men's singles title, beating Andy Murray of the United Kingdom. Novak Djokovic (SRB) Defeated Rafael Nadal (ESP) by 6-4, 6-1, 1-6, 6-3 Rafael Nadal (Spain) defeated Tomas Berdych(Czch Republic) Roger Federer(Switzerland) defeted Andy Roddick (USA) Rafel Nadal(Spain) defeated Roger Federer(Switzerland) Roger Federer(Switzerland) defeted Rafel Nadal(Spain) Marion Bartoli (FRA) win the Wimbledon womens single title for 2013 by defeating Sabine Lisicki(GER). Serena Williams of USA won the title, beating Agnieszka Radwanska of Poland. Petra Kvitova (CZE) defeated Maria Sharapova (RUS) by 63, 6-4. Serena Williams(USA) defeated Vera Zvonareva(Russia) Serena Williams (USA) defeted Venus Williams (USA) Venus Williams (USA) defeated Serena Williams (USA) Venus Williams (USA) defeted Marion Bartoli (France)

2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007

Mens Single Mens Single Mens Single Mens Single Mens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single

WOMEN'S SINGLE

US Open Tennis The "US Open Court of Champions" honors the greatest champions in the 122-year history of the U.S. Championships, which spans three centuries, beginning in 1851, becoming the US Open.
MEN'S SINGLE

2012 2011 2010 2009

Mens Single Mens Single Mens Single Mens Single

Andy Murray (UK) defeated Novak Djokovic (Sarbia) Novak Djokovic (Sarbia) defeated Rafel Nadal (Spain) Rafel Nadal (Spain) defeted Novak Djokovic (Sarbia) Juan Martin Del Potro (Argentina) defeated Roger Federer (Switzerland)

2008 2007

Mens Single Mens Single

Roger Federer (Switzerland) defeated Andy Murry (UK) Roger Federer (Switzerland) defeated Novak Djokovic

WOMEN'S SINGLE

2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007

Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single

Serena Williams (USA) beat Victoria Azarenka (Belarus) Samantha Stosur (Australia) defeated Serena Williams (USA) Kim Clijsters (Belgium) defeated Vera Zvonareva (Russia) Kim Clijsters (Belgium) defeated Caroline Wozniacki (Denmark) Serena Willams (USA) defeated Jelena Jankovic(Serbia) Justine Henin-Hardenne (Belgium) defeated Svetlana Kuznetsova (Russia)

MEN'S DOUBLES

2012 2011 2010

Mens Double Mens Double Mens Double

Bob Bryan (USA) and Mike Bryan (USA) beat Leander Paes (IND) and Radek Stepanek (CZE). Jurgen Melzer ( Austria), Philipp Petzschner (GER) defeated Mariusz Fyrstenberg (POL) Marcin Matkowski(POL) Bob Bryan (USA) and Mike Bryan (USA) defeated Rohan Bopanna (India) Aisam-Ul-Haq Qureshi (Pakistan)

WOMEN'S DOUBLES

2012 2011 2010

Womens Double Womens Double Womens Double

Sara Errani (ITA) and Roberta Vinci (ITA) beat Andrea Hlavackova (CZE) and Lucie Hradecka (CZE). Liezel Huber (USA), Lisa Raymond(KAZ) defeated Vania King (USA), Yaroslava Shvedova(USA) Vania King (USA) and Yaroslava Shvedova (Kazaksthan) defeated Liezel Huber (USA)and Nadia Petrova (Russia)

MIXED DOUBLES

2012 2011 2010

Mixed Double Mixed Double Mixed Double

Ekaterina Makarova (RUS) and Bruno Soares (BRA) beat Kveta Peschke (CZE) and Marcin Matkowski (POL). Melanie Oudin(USA), Jack Sock(USA) defeated Gisela Dulko(ARG), Eduardo Schwank(ARG) Liezel Huber (USA) and Bob Bryan (USA) defeated Kveta Peschke (CZE) and Aisam-Ul-Haq Qureshi (Pakistan)

French Open Tennis

The French Open is a major tennis tournament held over two weeks between late May and early June in Paris, France, at the Stade Roland Garros. It is the second of the Grand Slam tournaments on the annual tennis calendar and the premier clay court tennis tournament in the world. Roland Garros is the only Grand Slam still held on clay and ends the spring clay court season.
MEN'S SINGLE

2013 2012 2011

Mens Single Mens Single Mens Single

Rafael Nadal(Spain) defeated David Ferrer (Spain). Rafael Nadal(Spain) defeated Novak Djokovic(SRB) Rafael Nadal of Spain defeated Roger Federer of Switzerland 7-5, 7-6 (3), 5-7, 6-1 to lift the French Open 2011 Mens trophy. Rafael Nadal(Spain) defeated Robin Sderling(Sweeden) Roger Federer (Switzerland) defeted Robin Soderling (Swdeen) Rafel Nadal (Spain) defeted Roger Federer (Switzerland) Rafel Nadal (Spain) defeted Roger Federer (Switzerland) Serena Williams of United States of America win the French Open Tennis Women's Singles Final match against Maria Sharapova of Russia at Roland Garros on June 8, 2013 in Paris, France. Russia's Maria Sharapova became the 10th woman in tennis history to win all four Grand Slam titles when she defeated Italy's Sara Errani 6-3, 6-2 in the French Open final. Chinese Li Na defeated Italian Fransesca Scevone by 6-4, 76 (0) to win the Womens title at French Open 2011. Francesca Schiavone (Itali) defeated Samantha Stosur (Australia) Svetlana Kuznetsova (Russia) defeted Dinara Safina (Russia) Ana Ivanovic (Serbia) defeted Dinara Safina (Russia) Justine Henin Hardenne (Belgium) defeated Ana Ivanovic (Serbia)

2010 2009 2008 2007 2013

Mens Single Mens Single Mens Single Mens Single Womens Single

WOMEN'S SINGLE

2012

Womens Single

2011 2010 2009 2008 2007

Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single

MEN'S DOUBLES

2013 2012 2011

Mens Double Mens Double Mens Double

Bob Bryan (USA) and Mike Bryan (USA) beat Michael Llodra (FRA) and Nicolas Mahut (FRA) in men's double. Max Mirnyl (BEL) & Daniel Nestor (Canada) defeated Mike Bryan & Bob Bryan (USA). Max Mirnyi (Belarus) and Daniel Nestor(Canada) defeated

Juan Sebastian Cabal and Eduardo Schwank by 7-6 (3), 3-6, 6-4 to win their first doubles title. 2010 Mens Double Daniel Nestor(Canada) and Nenad Zimonjic (Serbia) defeated Lukas Dlouhy(Czech Republic) and Leander Paes(India) Lukas Dlouhy(Czch Republic) and Leander Paes(India) defeated Wesley Moodie(South Africa) and Dick Norman(Belgium)

2009

Mens Double

WOMEN'S DOUBLES

2013

Womens Double

Ekaterina Makarova and Elena Vesnina of Russia won their first Grand Slam title by defeating defending champions Sara Errani and Roberta Vinci of Italy. Sara Errani(Itali) and Roberta Vinci(Itali) defeated Maria Kirilenko(Russia) and Nadia Petrova(Russia) 4-6, 6-4, 6-2 in a shade over two hours to secure their first ever Grand Slam title. Andrea Hlavachova and Lucie Hradecki of Czech Republic defeated Indian hottie Sania Mirza and russian Elena Vesnina by 6-4, 6-3 to win their first grand slam title. Serena Williams(USA) and Venus Williams(USA) defeated Kveta Peschke(Czech Republic) and Katarina Srebotnik(Slovenia) Anabel Medina Garrigues(Spain) and Virginia Ruano Pascual(Spain) defeated Victoria Azarenka(Belarus) and Elena Vesnina(Russia).

2012

Womens Double

2011

Womens Double

2010

Womens Double

2009

Womens Double

MIXED DOUBLES

2013

Mixed Double

Czech Republic pair Frantisek Cermak and Lucie Hradecka won the French Open mixed doubles title by defeating Daniel Nestor of Canada and Kristina Mladenovic of France. India's Mahesh Bhupathi and Sania Mirza won the mixed doubles French Open defeating Santiago Gonzalez of Mexico and Klaudia Jans-Ignacik of Poland. Casey Dellacqua & Scott Lipsky Katarina Srebotnik(Slovenia) and Nenad Zimonjic(Serbia) defeated Yaroslava Shvedova(Kazaksthan) and Julian Knowle(Austria) L Huber(USA) and B Bryan(USA) defeated A-L Gronefeld(Germany) and M Knowles(The Bahamas)

2012

Mixed Double

2011 2010

Mixed Double Mixed Double

2009

Mixed Double

Australian Open Tennis The Australian Open was a tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts. It is the first Grand Slam event of the year. It took place at the Melbourne Park in Melbourne, Australia, in January February.
MEN'S SINGLE

2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007

Mens Single Mens Single Mens Single Mens Single Mens Single Mens Single Mens Single

Novak Djokovic of Serbia defeated Andy Murray of Germany Novak Djokovic(SRB) beats Rafael Nadal(Spain) Novak Djokovic (SRB) defeated Andy Murray(GER) Roger Federer(Switzerland) defeated Andy Murray(UK) Rafel Nadal (Spain) defeted Roger Federer (Switzerland) Novak Djokovic (Serbia) defeated Jo-Wilfried Tsonga Petsonga(France) Roger Federer (Switzerland) defeated Fernando Francisco Gonzlez Ciuffardi (Chili) Victoria Azarenka Belarus defeats Li Na of China. Victoria Azarenka Belarus defeats Maria Sharapova of Russia. Kim Clijsters (BEL) defeated Na Li(CHN) Serena Williams(USA) defeated Justine Henin(Belgium) Serena Williams (USA) defeted Dinara Safina (Russia) Maria Sharapova (Russia) defeated Ana Ivanovic (Serbia) Serena Williams (USA) defeated Maria Sharapova (Russia)

WOMEN'S SINGLE

2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007

Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single Womens Single

MEN'S DOUBLES

2013 2012 2011 2010 2009

Mens Double Mens Double Mens Double Mens Double Mens Double

Bob Bryan, Mike Bryan(USA) defeated Robin Haase (Dutch) and Igor Sijsling (Dutch). Leander Paes(IND) / Radek Stepanek (CZE) defeats Bob Bryan (USA) / Mike Bryan (USA). Bob Bryan, Mike Bryan(USA) defeated Mahesh Bhupathi and Leander Paes(IND) Bob Bryan(USA) and Mike Bryan(USA) defeated Daniel Nestor(Canada)and Nenad Zimonjic(Serbia) Bob Bryan(USA) and Mike Bryan(USA) defeated Mahesh Bhupathi(India)and Mark Knowles(The Bahamas) .

WOMEN'S DOUBLES

2013 2012 2011 2010 2009

Womens Double Womens Double Womens Double Womens Double Womens Double

Sara Errani and Roberta Vinci of Italy defeated Ashleigh Barty and Casey Dellacqua of (Australia). Svetlana Kuznetsova / Vera Zvonareva of Russia defeats Sara Errani / Roberta Vinci of Italy. Gisela Dulko(ARG)and Flavia Pennetta(ITA) defeated Victoria Azarenka(BLR) and Maria Kirilenko(RUS) Serena Williams(USA) and Venus Williams(USA) defeated Cara Black(Zimbabwe) and Liezel Huber(USA) Serena Williams(USA) and Venus Williams(USA) defeated Daniela Hantuchova(Slovakia) and Ai Sugiyama(Japan)

MIXED DOUBLES

2013 2012 2011 2010

Mixed Double Mixed Double Mixed Double Mixed Double

Jarmila Gajdosova and Mathew Ebden of Australia defeated Lucie Hradecka and Frantisek Cermak of Czech Republic. Bethanie Mattek-Sands (USA) and Horia Tecau (Romania) defeats Elena Vesnina (RUS) and Leander Paes(IND). Katarina Srebotnik(SLO) and Daniel Nestor(CAN) defeated Yung-Jan Chan(TPE) and Paul Hanley(AUS) Cara Black(Zimbabwe) and Leander Paes(India) defeated Ekaterina Makarova(Russia) and Jaroslav Levinsky(Czch Republic) Sania Mirza(India) and Mahesh Bhupathi(India) defeated Nathalie Dechy(France) and Andy Ram(Israel)

2009

Mixed Double

Commonwealth Game History History: Reverend Ashley Cooper was the first person to propose the idea of having a PanBritannic sporting contest to foster a spirit of goodwill and understanding within the British Empire. In 1928, a key Canadian athlete, Bobby Robinson, was given the task of organizing the first ever Commonwealth Games. These Games were held in 1930, in the city of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada and saw the participation of 400 athletes from eleven countries. Since then, the Commonwealth Games have been held every four years, except for the period during the Second World War. The Games have been known by various names such as the British Empire Games, Friendly Games and British Commonwealth Games. Since 1978, they have been known as the Commonwealth Games. Originally having only single competition sports, the 1998 Commonwealth Games at Kuala Lumpur saw a major change when team sports such as cricket, hockey and netball made their first appearance.

In 2001, the Games Movement adopted the three values of Humanity, Equality and Destiny as the core values of the Commonwealth Games. These values inspire and connect thousands of people and signify the broad mandate for holding the Games within the Commonwealth. After Olympics, Commonwealth Games is the second largest sports festival in the world. The Games are held once in four years but only in between the Olympic years. The Games were originally known as the British Empire Games. The first Commonwealth Games were held in 1930 at Hamilton, Canada. The 10th Commonwealth Games were held at Christchurch, New Zealand in 1974, the 11th in Edmonton (Canada) in 1978, the 12th in Brisbane (Australia) in 1982, the 13th in Edinburgh (Scotland) in 1986, the 14th in Auckland (New Zealand) in 1990 and the 15th in Victoria (Canada) in 1994, where about 3,350 athletes from a record 64 nations (including South Africa, which joined the family of Commonwealth athletes after 36 years) participated. Namibia also, which gained its independence in 1990, made its debut while Hong Kong made its final appearance in the Games before being ceded to China in 1997. S. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Hamilton, Canada London, United Kingdom Sydney, Australia Auckland, New Zealand Vancouver, Canada Cardiff, United Kingdom Perth, Australia Jamaica, West Indies Edinburgh, United Kingdom Venue Year 1930 1934 1938 1950 1954 1958 1962 1966 1970 1974 1978 1982 1986 1990 1994 1998 2002 2006 No of Countries 11 16 15 12 24 35 35 34 42 38 48 47 26 55 64 70 72 71

10 Christchurch, New Zealand 11 Edmonton, Canada 12 Brisbane, Australia 13 Edinburgh, United Kingdom 14 Auckland, New Zealand 15 Victoria, Canada 16 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 17 Manchchester, United Kingdom 18 Melbourne, Australia

19 New Delhi, India ASIAN GAMES

2010

71

India played a leading role to organise sports festival for Asian countries on Olympic lines. 'Ever Onward' is the motto of the Asian Games and 'a bright full rising sun with interlocking rings' is its emblem. The first Asian Games were held at New Delhi in 1951 followed by Manila, Philippines (1954); Tokyo, Japan (1958); Jakarta, Indonesia (1962); Bangkok, Thailand (1966, 1970, 1978 & 1998); Teheran, Iran (1974); New Delhi, India (1982); Seoul, South Korea (1986); Beijing, China (1990); Hiroshima, Japan (1994); Bangkok, Thailand (1998); Busan, South Korea (2002); Doha, Qatar (2006). The next editions of the Games is scheduled to be held in and Guangzhou, China (2010). SAP GAMES The South Asian Federation Games (SAP Games) is a sport festival of South Asian countries. The South Asian Sports Federation comprising India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and Maldives was formed in New Delhi in November, 1982. The first SAP Games were held in Kathmandu in 1984 followed by Dhaka (1985), Kolkata (1987), Islamabad (1989), Colombo (1991), Dhaka (1993) and Chennai (1995). The Eighth SAF Games (September 25Octobcr 4, 1999) were held in Kathmandu. Three new eventsbadminton, rowing and karate were introduced for the first time in the 9th SAP Games. New Name For SAF Games: The SAP Games have been rechristencd as South Asian Games, according to a decision taken by the South Asian Sports Federation at its 32nd meeting held in Islamabad (Pakistan) on April 2, 2004. INDIAN MEDAL WINNER IN OLYMPIC (Individual)

Year - 1952

Year - 2008 Abhinav K. D. Jadhav Leander Page R. S. Rathore Bindra Bronze Bronze Silver Gold Shooting Wrestling Tennis (Single) Shooting (Double Trap) Helinki Atlanta Athens Beijing

Year - 1996

Year - 2004

Year - 2008

Year - 2008 Vijendra Sushil Kumar Kumar Bronze Bronze Wrestling Beijing Boxing Beijing

Air Racing Jawaharlal Challenge Trophy, King's Cup, World Cup. Archery Federation Cup Athletics Charminar Trophy, Federation Cup, World Cup. Badminton Agarwal Cup, Amrit Diwan Cup, Asia Cup, Austrelasia Cup, Chadha Cup, European Cup, Harilela Cup, Ibrahim Rahimatollah Challenge Cup, Konica Cup, Narng cup, Sophia Kitiakara Cup, Konica Cup, S. R. Ruia Cup, Thomas Cup, Tunku Abdul Rahman Cup, Uber Cup, World Cup, Yonex Cup. Basketball Basalat Jha Trophy, B. C. Gupta Trophy, Federation Cup, S. M. Arjuna Raja trophy, Todd Memorial Trophy, William Jones Cup. Billiards Arthur Walker Trophy, Thomas Cup. Boat Rowing American Cup (Yacht racing), Wellington Trophy (India). Boxing Aspy Adjahia Trophy, federation Cup, Val iBaker Trophy. Bridge Basalat Jha Trophy, Holkar Trophy, Ruia Gold Cup, Singhania Trophy. Chess Naidu Trophy, Khaitan Trophy, Limca Trophy, Linares City Trophy, World Cup. Cricket Anthony D'Mellow Trophy, Ashes, Asia Cup, Benson and Hedges Cup, Bose Trophy, Champions Trophy, Charminar Challenge Cup, C. K. Nayudu Trophy, Cooch-Behar Trophy, Deodhar Trophy, Duleep Trophy, Gavaskar-Border Trophy, Duleep Trophy, Gavaskar-Border Trophy, G. D. Birla Trophy, Gillette Cup, Ghulam Ahmad Trophy, hakumat Rai Trophy, ICC World Cup, Interface Cup, Irani Trophy, Jawaharlal Nehru Cup, Lombard World Challenge Cup, McDowells Challenge Cup, Merchant Trophy, Moin-ud-Dowla Cup, NatWest Trophy, Prudential Cup (World Cup), Rani Jhansi Trophy, Ranji Trophy, Rohinton Baria Trophy, Rothmans Cup, Sahara Cup, Sharjah Cup, Sheesh Mahal Trophy, Sheffield Shield, Singer Cup, Sir Frank Worrel Trophy, Texaco Cup, Titan Cup, Vijay Hazare Trophy, Vijay Merchant Trophy, Vizzy Trophy, Wisden Trophy, Wills Trophy, World Series Cup. Football African Natons Cup, Airlines Cup, america Cup, Asia Cup, Asian Women's Cup, Bandodkar Trophy, B. C. Roy Trophy, Begum Hazrat Mahal Cup, Bicentennial Gold Cup, BILT Cup, Bordoloi Trophy, Colombo Cup, Confederations Cup, DCM Cup, Durand Cup, European Cup, FA Cup, Federation Cup, G. V. Raja Memorial Trophy, gold Cup, Governor's Cup, Greek Cup, Great Wall Cup, IFA Shield, Independence Day Cup, Indira Gandhi Trophy, Inter-Continental Cup, Jawaharlal Nehru Gold Cup, Jules Rimet Trophy, Kalinga Cup, Kings Cup, Kirin Cup, Lal Bahadur Shastri Trophy, McDowell Cup, Merdeka Cup, Nagjee Trophy, Naidunia Trophy, Nations Cup, NFL Trophy, Nehru Gold Cup, Nizam Gold Cup, Raghbir Singh Memorial Cup,

Rajiv Gandhi Trophy, Rovers Cup, Sanjay Gold Cup, Santosh Trophy, Scissors Cup, Sir Ashutohs Mukherjee Trophy, Stafford Cup, Subroto Cup, Supercup Trophy, Todd Memorial Trophy, UEFA Cup, US Cup, Vittal Trophy, Winner's Cup, World Cup. Golf Canada Cup, Eisenhower Trophy, Inter-Continental Cup, Maekyung LG Fashion Open Trophy, Muthiah Gold Cup, Nomura Trophy, Paralamdi Trophy, President's Trophy, Prince of Wales Cup, Ryder Cup, Solheim Cup, Topolino Trophy, Walker Cup, Waterford Crystal Trophy, World Cup. Hockey Agha Khan Cup, Allwyn Asia Cup, Azlan Shah Cup, Beighton Cup, Bhim Sain Trophy, BMW Trophy, Bombay Gold Cup, Champions Trophy, Clarke Trophy, Dhyan Chand Trophy, Esanda Champions Cup, European Nations Cup, Gurmeet Trophy, Guru Nanak Cup, Gyanvati Devi Trophy, Indira Gandhi Gold Cup, Intercontinental Cup, Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan Cup, Kuppuswamy Naidu Cup, Lady Rattan Tata Cup (women), Lal Bahadur Shastri Cup, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Gold Cup, Modi Gold Cup, Murugappa Gold Cup, Nehru Trophy, Obaidullah Gold Cup, Prime Minister's Gold cup, Rangaswami Cup, Ranjit Singh Gold Cup, Rene Frank Trophy, Sanjay Gandhi Trophy, Scindia gold Cup, Shriram Trophy, Tunku Abdul Razak Cup, Wellington Cup, World Cup, Yadavindra Cup. Horse Racing Beresford Cup, Blue Riband, Derby, Grand Natonal Cup. Kabaddi Federation Cup Kho-Kho Federation Cup Netball Anantrao Pawar Trophy. Polo Ezar Cup, Gold Cup, King's Cup, President Cup, Prithi Singh Cup, Radha Mohan Cup, Winchester Cup. Rowing Beefeather's Gin. Rugby Football Bledisloe Cup; Calcutta Cup, Webb Ellis Trophy. Shootng North Wales Cup, Welsh Grand Prix. Snooker Team Tournament Asean Cup. Table Tennis Asian Cup, Berna Bellack Cup, Corbillion Cup (women), Electra Gold Cup, Gasper-Giest Prize, Grand Prix, Jayalaxmi Cup (women), Kamala Ramanunjan Cup, Marcel Corbillon Cup, Pithapuram Cup (men), Swaythling Cup (men), Travancore Cup (women), U Thant Cup, World Cup. Tennis

Ambre Solaire Cup, A T&T Cup, Champions Cup, ATP President's Cup, Davis Cup, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Cup, Edgbaston Cup, Evert Cup, Federation Cup, Ghafar Cup, Grand Prix, Grand Slam Cup, Nations' Cup, Watson's Water Trophy, Wightman Cup, Wimbledon Trophy, World Cup, World Team Cup. Volleyball Centennial Cup, Federation Cup, Indira Pradhan Trophy, Shivanthi Gold Cup, World Cup, World League Cup. Weightlifting World Cup. Wrestling Bharat Kesari, Burdwan Shield, World Cup. Yachting America Cup

AREA/MEASUREMENTS OF VARIOUS SPORTS FIELDS Badminton 44ft by 20ft. (doubles); 44ft. By 17 ft (singles) Baseball Diamond shaped ground; 90ft on each side and 127ft. Along the diagonal Basketball 85ft by 46ft (maximum dimensions) Billiards 10ft. Long, 5ft. Side and 3ft. High Cricket Ground: Round or oval shaped; Wickets: 22 yds. Apart; Ball: 8 13/14 to 9 inches in circumference and 5 3/4 oz. in weight; Bat: 4 1/4 inches maximum width and 38 inches maximum length; Bowling crease: 8 ft. and 8 inches in length; Popping crease: 4 ft. fro Derby Course 1 1/2 miles (2.4 km). Football Length: 100 yds. To 130 yds.; breadth 50 yds; Goal width: 8 yds., Bar: 8 ft. from ground; Area 6 yds., from each goal-post; Ball: 27 inches to 28 inches in circmference; Duration: 90 minutes maximum. Golf Hole 4 1/2 inches; Ball: 1 1/2 oz. in weight. Hockey Ground 100 yds. By 55 to 60 yds.; Duration of game: two periods of 30 minutes each plus extra time in case of draw or suspension of game for some reason; Goal perpendicular posts: 8 yds. Apart joined together by a horizontal cross bar 7 ft. from ground; B Marathon Race 26 miles, 385 yards. Polo

Ground: 300 yds. By 200 yds. Table Tennis 9 ft. x 6 ft. x 2 1/2 ft. Tennis 78 ft. by 28 ft. (singles), 78 ft. by 36 ft. (doubles). Volleyball Rectangular 30 ft. by 30 ft.

SPORTS AND THE TERMS ASSOCIATED WITH THEM Badminton Angled Drive Serve, Backhand Low Serve, Bird, Deuce, Double Droup, Fault, Flick Serve, Forehand Smash, Let, Lob, Love All, net Shots, Rush, Smash. Baseball Base, Battery, Bunting, Catcher, Diamond, Hitter, Home Infield, Outfield, Pinch, Pitcher Plate, Pullout, Short Stop, Strike. Basketball Ball, Basket, Blocking, Dribbling, Free Throw, Held Ball, Holding, Jump Ball, Multiple Throws, Pivot. Billiards Baulk Line, Break, Bolting, Cannon, Cue, Hazard, In-off, Jigger, Long jenney, Pot, Scratch, Screw Back, short Stop, Strike. Boxing Ausiliary Point System, Babit Punch, Break, Cut, Defence, Down, Hook, Jab, Lying On, Knock, Seconds out, Slam, Upper Cut, Weight In, Win by Knock-out. Bridge Auction, Bid, Chicane, Cut, Declarer, Doubleton, Dummy, Finesse, Grand Slam, Little Slam, Notrumps, Over-trick, Revoke, rubber, Ruff, Shuffle, Suit, Vulnerable. Chess Bishop, Capture, Castling, Checkmate, En Passant, Gambit, Grand Master, King, Knight, Pawn, Queen, Rook, Stalemate, Under Promoting. Cricket Ashes, Banana, Boundary, Bowling, Caught, Chinaman, Cover Drive, Crease, Doosra, Duck, Duckworth-Lewis Rule, Fine Leg, Follow On, Full Toss, Gardening, Googly, Gully, Hat-trick, Hit Wicket, Inswinger, l.b.w., Leg-break, Leg-bye, Leg Glance, late Cut, maiden Over, No Ball, Off Break, On Drive, Out, Outswinger, Over, Mandatory Over, over Pitch, Popping Crease, Rubber, Run Down, Run Out, Short Pitch, Silly Point, Slip, Square Leg, Stone Walling, Straight Drive, Stumped, Short leg, Spin, Swing, Thirdman, Yorker. Croquet Hoops, Mallet, Peg Out. Draughts Huff Football

Advantage Clause, Blind Side, Centre Forward, Corner Kick, Dead Ball, Direct Free Kick, Dribble, Goal kick, Golden Goal, Hat-trick, Marking, OffSide, Penalty Kick, Penalty Shootout, Red Card, Striker, Throw In, Tripping. Golf Best-ball Foursome, Bogey, Bunker, Caddie, Dormy, Fairway, Fourball, Foursome, Greed Holes, Links, Niblic, Par, Put, Rough, Stymied, Tee, Threesome. Gymnastics A-bars, Ariel, Blocks, Cone of Swing, Dish, Flairs, Giants, Inlocate, Kip, Planche, Tariff, Tumble, Virtuosity, Wrap. Hockey Advantage, Back-stick, Bully, Cary, Centre Forward, Corner, Dribble, Flick, Free-hit, Goal Line, Green Card, Halfway Line, Hat-trick, Off-side, Red Car, Roll -in, Scoop, Short Corner, Sixteenyard hit, Square Pass, Stick, Striking Cirele, Tackle, Tie-breaker, Zonal Marking. Horse Racing Jockey, Punt, Steeplechase, Thorough Bred. Judo Ashi-waza, chui, Dan, Dojo, Gyaku, Hajime, Ippon, Jigotai, Kaeshiwaza, Koka, Makikomi, Nage-waza, O-goshi, Randori, Scarf, Tani-Otoshi, Uchi-komvi, Waki-gatame, Yoshi, Yuko. Karate Age Zuki, Ai-uchi, Aka, Chakugan, Dachi, Encho Sen, Fudotachi, Gedan, Geri, Hajime, Ibuki, Jion, Kakato, Koka, Makiwara, Nidan, Obi, Rei, Sanbon, Shiro, Tobigeri, Ude, Waza-ari, Yokogeri, Zanshin, Zen-no. Polo Bunker, Chukker, Mallet. Rowing Bow, Bucket, Cow, Ergometer, Feather, Paddle, Regatta. Rugby Football A Trackle, Lines, Scrum, Touch, Try. Shootng Bag, Bull's Eye, Marksmanship, Muzzle, Plug. Skiing Tobogganing. Swimming Breast Stroke, Crawl. Table Tennis Anti Loop, Backspin, Chop, Loop, Penhold Grip, Push, Spin, Twiddle. Tennis Ace, Backhand Stroke, Deuce, Deep Volley, Deuce, Double Fault, Fault, Ground Stroke, Half Volley, Let, Love, Slice, Smash, Volley Volleyball Ace, Base-line, Blocking, Doubling, Foot Fault, Heave, Holding, Jump Set, Lob Pass, Love All, Point, Quick Smash, Scouting, Service, Spike, Tactical Ball, Volley, Windmill Service. Wrestling

Half-Nelson, Head Lock, Heave, Hold, Rebouts, Scissor.

Important UN Agencies Name of Groups/Agencies The Common Wealth

Other UN Agencies Objectives/Headquarters/Established

It was originally known as 'The British Commonwealth of Nations'. It is an association of sovereing and independent states which formally made up the British empire. It's headquarter is located at London. The British Monarch (Queen Elizabeth II) is the symbolic head of the commonwealth. The Commonwealth heads of government meet (CHOGM) is held in every 2 years.
The Arab League was established on March 22, 1945. The objective was to promote economic, social, political and military cooperation. The headquarter of this organization is located at Cairo (egipt), which have 23 members.

Arab League Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Asian Development Bank (ADB) Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

The APEC was established on November, 1989. The basic objective of this organization is to promote trade and investment in the pacific basin. It has 21 member. It was established on december 19th 1966. The basic objective was to promote regional economic cooperation. he headquarter of this organization is located at Manila and it has 59 members. The ASEAN was established on 8th August,1967. The basic objective of this organization was regional, economic, social and cultural cooperation among the non-commercial countries of South-East asia. The members of this organization are Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philipines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Mayanmar, Cambodia. It's headquarter is located at Djakarta.

Common Wealth of This organization was established on December 8th, 1991. Thebasic Independent states objective of this oeganization is to coordinae inter-commonwealth relations and to provide a mechanism for the orderly dissolution of the (CIS) USSR. It has 12 members and headquarter located at Kirava (Belarus) Group of 8 or G-08 It was established on Sept. 22, 1985, to promote co-operation among major non-cmmunist economic powers., Members: France, Germany, Japan, UK, US, Canada, Italy, and Russia. It is sstablished on 1989, to promote economic co-operation among developing nations. It has 19 members. It was established on Oct., 1967, to promote economic co-operation among developing nations. It has 27 members.

Group of 15 (G-15) Group of 77 (G-77)

International Criminal Police Organisation (INTERPOL)

It was established on 1914, to promote international cooperation among criminal police authorities. It has 178 members, and it's headquarters located at France.

It was established on June 23, 1894, to promote the olympic ideals and International Olympic Committee administer olympic games. It has 167 members and it's headquarters located at Swizerland (IOC) International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) It is established on Feb., 1947, to promote the development of international standards, It has 140 members and its headquarters located at Switzerland.

International Red It is established on 1928, to promote worldwide humanitarian aid, It's cross And Red headquarters located at Geneva. Crescent Movement Non-aligned Movement (NAM) It is established on Sept. 1961, the main objective was political cooperation and separate itself from both USA and USSR (in the cold-war era). It has 116 members. The credit of evolving the concept goes to Pt. Jawahar lal Nehru. The other contributors were Marshal tito (President of Yugoslavia), Dr. Sukarno (President of Indonesia) and General Nasser (President of Egypt). Bandung conference in Indonesia became the forum for the birth of NAM. It was established on Apr. 8, 1965. Effective on July 1, 1967., The objective was to create a united Europe in which member countries would have such strong economic and political bonds that war would cease to be a recurring fact., It has 25 members. (The ten new countries which joined in 2004 are Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slavakia and Slovania)., It's headquarters located at Brussels (Belgium). The common European, currency, Euro, was launched on Jan. 1, 1999.

European Union

It was estableshed on April 4, 1949. The objective of this organization is North Atlantic Treaty organisation to provide mutual defence and cooperation. It has more than 26 members like Russia. It's headquarters located at Brussels. (NATO) Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) South Asian Association For Regional Cooperation (SAARC) It was established on Sept, 1959. The objective was to set world prices by controlling oil production and also persues member interest in trade and development. It has 13 members (Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, UAE, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Gabon, Equador and Venezuela). It's headquarters at Vienna (Austria). It was established on Dec. 8, 1985, to promote economic, social and cultural cooperation. The members are Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Srilanka., Headquarters: Kathmandu.

World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) Amnesty International (AI)

It was established on Oct 11, 1947, effective from April 4, 1951., Thw main objective was specialised UN agency concerned with meteorological cooperation., It's headquarter at Geneva and it has 162 member. It was established on 1961, To keep a watch over human rights violation worldwide., headquarters at London, Got Nobel Prize in 1977 for Peace.

Organisation of The It was established 1969, to promote Islamic solidarity among member Islamic conference states and to consolidate cooperation among members., It has 57 members, and it's headquarters at Saudi Arabia. (OIC) Shanghai It was established on June 7, 2002, to develop mutual cooperation., Cooperation Members: Russia, China, Kazakhistan, Uzbekistan, kyrghiztan and Organisation (SCO) Tajikistan. Scouts and Guides It was establishedon 1907 by Lt. Gen. Baden Powell., to encourage good character, loyalty to god and country, service to other people and physical and mental fitness., It has about 13 million members of around 115 nations., World Scouts Bureau: Geneva (Switzerland). It was established on Sept. 11, 1961, to save the wildlife from extinction, Members: All the countries of the world, headquarters at Gland (Switzerland).

World Wildife Fund for Nature (WWF)

Important UN Agencies Name International Labour Organization (ILO) World Health Organization (WHO) United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) United Nation's International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF) United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees Estd. Headquarters 1919 Geneva 1948 Geneva

Other UN Agencies Purpose To improve conditions and living standard of workers. attainment of highest possible level of health by all people. To promote collaboration among nations through education, science and culture. To promote peaceful uses of atomic energy. To promote children's welfare all over the world. To provide protection of refugees.

1946 Paris

1957 Vienna

1946 New York

1950 Geneva

(UNHCR) United Nations Fund for Population Activitie (UNFPA) International Fund for Agricultural Development United Nations Conference on Trade and development (UNCTAD) International Civil Aviation Organizatio(ICAO) International Monitery Fund(IMF) International Finance Corporation(IFC) Universal Postal Union (UPU) United Nations Enviornmental Programme (UNEP) United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Food and Agricultursl Organization (FAO) 1967 New York For formulating population policies. For financing agricultural prjects in the world to raise the economic growth. Promotes international trade to accelerate economic growth of developing countries. Promotes safety of International aviation.

1977 Rome

1964 Geneva

1947 Montreal 1945

Washington D. Promotes international monetary C. cooperation.

Promote economic development Washington D. 1956 by encouraging private enterprise C. in its member countries. 1947 Beme 1972 Nairobi Improve various postal services in the world. Promotes international cooperation in human environment. Sets international regulations for radio, telegraph, telephone and space radio communication. To improveliving condition of rural population.

1967 Geneva

1945 Rome

Development of economics of International Bank for Washington D. members by facilitating Reconstruction and Development 1945 C. investment of capitals by (IBRD) providing loans. World Meteorological Organization (WMO) World Trade Organization (WTO) United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 1950 Geneva 1995 Geneva Promote international exchange of weather reports. Setting rules for the world trade to reduce tariffs. Help developing countries increase the wealth producing capabilities of their natural and human resources. Promotes co-operation on technial

1995 New York

Inter Government Maritime

1958 London

Consultative Organization (IMCO)

matters of maritime safety, navigation and encourages anti pollution measures.

An affiliate to the World Bank, International Washington D. aims to help under-developed Development Associassion (IDA) 1960 C. countries raise living standards. International Tele Communication Union (ITU) United nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) 1947 Geneva Sets international regulations for radio telegraph, telephone and space radio communications. Provides training and research to help faciliated UN objectives of world peace and security and of economic and social progress. Provides basic amenities and education for the victim of ArabIsrael War. Studying population dynamics, collecting population data, formulating and evolving population policies, family planning and related programmes.

1965 New York

United Nations Relief and Work for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) 1949 New York United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) 1967 New York

Longest, Largest, Biggest, Smallest, Tallest and Highest Longest river (India) Longest river (World) The longest tributary river of India The longest river of the south Highest mountain peak Largest lake (Fresh water) Highest Dam Largest Mosque Longest Road Ganges Nile Yamuna Godavari Godwin Austin (k2) Wular lake (Kashmir) Tehri Dam on Bhagirathi River Jama Masjid, Delhi Grand Trunk Road

State with longest coastline Largest railway route Longest tunnel Longest national highway Longest Dam Longest River Bride Longest populated city Largest Museum Largest Delta Largest Dome Largest Zoo Largest man-made Lake Largest Desert Highest Tower Smallest State (Area) Smallest State (Population) Highest Waterfall Longest Electric railway line Densest populated State Largest cave temple Largest animal Fair Highest Gateway Biggest Hotel Largest State (Area) Largest State (Population) Place of heaviest rainfall Largest corridor Largest cantilever span bride

Gujarat Dibrugarh in Assam to Kannyakumari in Tamil Nadu Jawahar tunnel (Jammu & Kashmir) NH-7 which runs from Varanasi to Kanyakumari Hirakod Dam (Orissa) Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna Mumbai (1.60 crore) National Museum, Kolkata Sunderban Delta, W. Bengal Gol Gumbaz, Bijapur (Karnataka) Zoological Gardens, Alipur, Kolkata Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam) Thar (Rajasthan) Pitampura Tower, Delhi Goa Sikkim Gersoppa waterfall (Karnataka) From Delhi to Kolkata via Patna West Bengal Kailash temple, Ellora (Maharashtra) Sonepur (Bihar) Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri (Agra) Oberal Sharaton (Mumbai) Rajasthan Uttar Pradesh Mausinram (Meghalaya) Rameshwaram temple corridor (Tamil Nadu) Howrah Bridge (Kolkata)

Largest forest state Highest straight gravity Dam Longest Railway Platform Largest Stadium Largest Port Highest Lake Largest Lake (Saline water) Highest Award Highest Gallantry Award Largest Gurudwara Deepest river valley State with longest coastline of South India Longest river which forms estuary Largest Church Longest Beach Highest Battle field Highest Airport

M.P. Bhakra Dam Kharagpur (W. Bengal) Salt lake (Yuva Bharti), Kolkata Mumbai Devatal (Garhwal) Chika lake, Orissa Bharat Ratna Paramveer Chakra Golden Temple, Amritsar Bhagirathi & Alaknanda Andhra Pradesh Narmada Saint Cathedral (Goa) Marina Beach, Chennai Siachin Glacier Len (Laddakh) Majuli (Brahmaputra river, Assam) Birla Planetarium (Kolkata)

Largest river island Largest Planetarium

News Papers/ Journals Bengal Gazette (India's first news paper, 1780) Amrit Bazar Patrika Keshri Maharatta Sudharak Vande Mataram Native Opinion J. K. Hikki

Founder/Editors

Shishir Kr. Ghosh & Motilal Ghosh Bal Gangadhar Tilak Bal Gangadhar Tilak G. K. Gokhle Aurobindo Ghosh V. N. Mandalik

Kavivachan Sudha Rast Goftar (First News Paper in Gujrati) New India Statesman Hindu Sandhya Vichar Lahiri Hindu Patriot Som Prakash Yugantar Bombay Chronicle Hindustan Mooknayak Comrade Tahzib-ul-Akhlaq Al-Hilal Al-Balagh Independent Punjabi New India Commonweal Pratap Essays in Indian Economics Samvad Kaumudi (Bengali) Mirat-ul-Akhbar (First Persian News Paper) Indian Mirror Nav Jeevan Young India Harijan

Bhartendu Harishchandra Dadabhai Naoroji Bipin Chandra Pal Robert Knight Vir Raghavacharya & G. S. Aiyar B. B. Upadhyaya Krishna Shastri Chiplunkar Girish Chandra Ghosh Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Bhupendra Nath Datta & Barindra Kumar Ghosh Firoze Shah Mehta Madan Mohan Malviya B. R. Ambedkar Mohammed Ali Sir Syyed Ahmed Khan Abul Kalam Azad Abul Kalam Azad Motilal Nehru Lala Lajpat Rai Annie Besant Annie Besant Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Mahadev Govind Ranade Ram Mohan Roy Ram Mohan Roy Devendra Nath Tagore M. K. Gandhi M. K. Gandhi M. K. Gandhi

Prabudha Bharat Udbodhana Indian Socialist Talwar (in Berlin) Free Hinduatan Hindustan Times Kranti

Swami Vivekananda Swami Vivekananda Shyamji Krishna Verma Birendra Nath Chattopadhyaye Tarak Nath Das K. M. Pannikar Mirajkar, Joglekar, Ghate

Short Name 3G AAA AAFI AC ADB AFI AFMC AI AICTE AIFF AIIMS AITUC ALGOL AM APEC ARPANET ASCII ASEAN ASLV AT&T ATC Third Generation

Full Form or Abbreviations Asian Athletics Association The Amateur Athletics Federation of India Ante Christum (Before Christ), Ashok Chakra, Air Conditioner Asian Development Bank Athletics Federation of India Armed Forces Medical College Artifical Intelligence, Air India All India Council for Technical Education All India Football Federation All India Institute of Medical Science All India Trade Union Congress Algebric Oriented Language Ante Meridiem (before Noon), Amplitude Modulation Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Advanced Research Project Agency Network American Standard Code for Information Interchange Association of South East Asian Nations Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle American Telegraphic and Telephone Co. Ltd. Air Traffic Control

ATM AVSM B2B B2C BARC BBC BBS BC BHEL BIOS BIT BPL BPO BPR bps BSE BSF BSNL C2C CA CAD CAT CBI CBSE CDAC CDMA CEO CFSL CGI CIA CID CISC

Automated Teller Machine Ati Vishisht Seva Medal Busines to Business Business to Consumer Bhabha Atomic Research Centre British Broadcasting Corporation Bulletin Board Service Before Christ Bharat Heavy Electri-cals Ltd Basic Input Output System Binary Digit Below Poverty Line Business Process Outsourcing Business Process Re-engineering bytes per second Bombay Stock Exchange Border Security Force Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited Consumer to Consumer Chartered Accountant Computer Aided Design Common Admission Test Central Bureau of Investigation Central Board of Secondary Education Centre for the Development of Advanced Computing Code Division Multiple Access Chief Executive Officer Central Forensic Science Laboratory Common Gateway Interface Central Intelligence Agency Criminal Investigation Department Complex instruction-set computing

CITU CNN COMSAT COPRA CORBA CPI(M) CPWD CRIS CSIR CTBT CYMK D.Litt. D.Phil. D.Sc DC DIG DMA DMK DNA DTP DVC DVD

Centre of Indian Trade Unions Cable News Network Communications Satellite Corporation Consumer Protection Act Common Object Request Broker Architecture Communist Party of India / Marxist Central Public Works Department Centre for Railway Information System Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Cyan, Yellow, Magenta, Kinda Doctor of Literature Doctor of Philosophy Doctor of Science Direct Current Deputy Inspector General Direct Memory Access Dravida Munetra Kazhagam Deoxyribo-nucleic Acid Desktop Publishing Damodar Valley Corporation Digital Versatile/Video Disc

Short Name E & OE EDI EIS E-MAIL EMI ENIAC

Full Form or Abbreviations Errors and Omissions Excepted Electronic Data Interchange Executive Information System Electronic Mailing Equated Monthly Instalments Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator

ENT EOF EOT EPABX ERNET FAQ FBI FBT FBTR FBW FCI FDI FEMA FICCI FIFA FIR FM FRCP FRCS FRCS FRS G7 GATE GATS GDP GMAT GMT GSLV GSM GSP GUI

Ear, Nose and Throat end of file Eastern Daylight Time Electronic Private Automatic Branch Exchange Educational and Research Network Frequently Asked Question Federal Bureau of Investigation Fringe Benefit Tax Fast Breeder Test Reactor Fly-By-Wire Food Corporation of India; Fertilizer Corporation of India Foreign Direct Investment Foreign Exchange Management Act Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry International Football Federation (Federation Internationale de Football Association) First Information Report Frequency modulation Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society Fellow of the Royal Society Group of Seven (US, UK, Germany, France, Italy, japan and Canada) G8 includes G7 plus Russia Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering General Agreement on Trade and Services Gross Domestic Product Graduate Management Admission Test Greenwich Mean Time Geo-Synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Global System for Mobile Communications Generalised System Preference Graphical User Interface

HAL HIV HMI HTML HUDCO HVAC i.e. IAAI IAEA IARI IAS IATA IBM ICSE ICU ICWA IDA IDBI IEEE IELTS IFC IFS IGNOU IIPA IISCO IISS IIT ILA ILO IMAP IMF INA

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Himalayan Mountaineering Institute Hyper Text Markup Language Housing and Urban Development Corp. Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning id est (that is) International Airport Authority of India International Atomic Energy Agency Indian Agricultural Research Institute Indian Administrative Service International Air Transport Association International Business Machines Indian Certificate of Secondary Education Intensive Care Unit Indian Council of World Affairs International Development Agency Industrial Development Bank of India Institute of Electronics and Electrical Engineers International English Language Testing System Industrial Finance Corporation, International Finance Corporation Indian Foreign Service; Indian Forest Service Indira Gandhi National Open University Indian Institute of Public Administration Indian Iron and Steel Company International Institute of Strategic Studies Indian Institute of Technology Indian Library Association International Labour Organisation Internet Mail Access Protocol International Monetary Fund Indian National Army

INTUC IOC IP IPC IPCL IPI

Indian National Trade Union Congress Indian Oil Corporation Internet Protocol Indian Penal Code Indian Petro-Chemicals Corporation Ltd International Press Institute

IPO IPS IQ IRC IRDP IRS ISBN ISDN ISI ISKCON ISO ISRO IST ITBP ITES ITI ITU IVF IVM JCO JEE JPEG LASER LCA

Initial Public Offering Indian Police Service; Inter Press Service Intelligence Quotient International Red Cross Integrated Rural Development Programme Indian Revenue Service International Standard Book Number Integrated Services Digital Network Indian Standards Institution; Inter Services Intelligence International Society for Krishna Consciousness International Standards Organisation Indian Space Research Organisation Indian Standard Time Indo-Tibetan Border Police Information Technology enabled services Indian Telephone Industries<br> Industrial Training Institute International Telecommunication Union In-Vitro Fertilisation In-vitro Maturation Junior Commissioned Officer Joint Entrance Examination Joint Photographic Expert Group Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation Light Combat Aircraft

LCD LCM LIC LLB LMC LTTE M.A. M.D MBA MBBS MCC MCI MICR MIDI MIPS MIT MLA MNC MODEM MP MPEG MRCP MTCR MVC NAAC NABARD NAFED NALCO NASA NASDAQ NATO

Liquid Crystal Display<br>Least Common Denominator Lowest Common Multiple Life Insurance Corporation (of India) Bachelor of Laws Large Megallanic Cloud Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam Magisiter Artium (Master of Arts) Doctor of Medicine Master of Business Administration Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery Marylebone Cricket Club Medical Council of India Magnetic ink character recognition Musical Instrument Digital Interface Million Instructions per Second Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Master Instruction Tape Member of Legislative Assembly Multi-National Corporation modulator demodulator Member of Parliament; Madhya Pradesh Motion Picture Experts Group Member of the Royal College of Physicians Missile Technology Control Regime Maha Vir Chakra National Assessment and Accreditation Council National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development National Agricultural Co-operative Marketing Federation National Aluminium Company Ltd. National Aeronautics and Space Administration National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

NASSCOM National Association of Software and Service Companies

NAV NCERT NCSA NDA NOC NPA NPT NRF NSUI NTPC OBC OCR ONGC OOP OPEC OSCAR PAN Ph.D. PIL PIN PSLV PWD R&D RADAR RAM RAW RBI RDX RISC RNA ROM

Net Asset Value National Council of Educational Research and Training National Centre for Supercomputing Applications; National Computer Security Association National Defence Academy No Objection Certificate Non-performing Assets Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty National Renewal Fund National Students Union of India National Thermal Power Corporation Other Backward Classes Optical Character Recognition Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Object Oriented Programme Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries Orbiting Satellite Carrying Amateur Radio Permanent Account Number Doctor of Philosophy (Philosophiae Doctor) Public Interest Litigation Postal Index Number Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle Public Works Department; Research and Development Radio Detecting and Ranging Random Access Memory Research & Analysis Wing Reserve Bank of India Research Department Explosive (Cyclotrim-ethylin Trinitrate) Reduced instruction-set computing Ribonucleic acid Read Only Memory

RPM RTI SAIL SARS SCSI SEBI SENSEX SEZ SGPC SIM SLV SMS SMTP STD TADA TCP TELCO TFT TIFR TISCO TOEFL UAV UGC ULFA UNESCO UNI UNICEF UNU UPA UPSC URL

Revolutions Per Minute Right to Information Steel Authority of India Limited Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Small Computer Systems Interface Securities and Exchange Board of India Sensitivity Index (of Share Price) Special Economic Zone Siromani Gurudwara Prabandak Committee Subscriber Information Module Satellite Launch Vehicle Short Message Service Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Subscriber Trunk Dialling; Sexually Transmitted Diseases Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act Transfer Call Protocol<br> Transmission Control Protocol Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company Thin-Film Transistor Tata Institute of Fundamental Research Tata Iron and Steel Company Test of English as a Foreign Language Unmanned Aerial Vehicle University Grants Commission United Liberation Front of Asom United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organi-sation United News of India United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (now, 'United Nations Children's Fund') United Nations University United Progressive Alliance Union Public Service Commission Uniform Resource Locator

VAT VCR VIP VIRUS VRML VRS VSSC WHO WMO WTO WWF WWW XML YMCA ZIP

Value Added Tax Video Cassette Recorder Very Important Person Vital Information Resources Under Siege Virtual Reality Modelling Language Voluntary Retirement Scheme Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre World Health Organisation World Meteorological Organisation World Trade Orga-nisation World Wildlife Fund World Wide Web Extensible Mark-up Language Young Men's Christian Association Zone Improvement Plan

WYSIWYG What you see is what you get

Famous Cities and River Banks in India and Other Countries


City Adelaide Amsterdam Alexandria Ankara Allahabad Agra Ayodhya Ahmedabad Country Australia Netherlands Egypt Turkey India India India India River Torrens Amsel Nile Kazil At the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna Yamuna Saryu Sabarmati

Badrinath Bareilly Bangkok Basra Baghdad Berlin Bonn Budapest Bristol Buenos Aires Cuttack Curnool Chittagong Canton Cairo Chung King Cologne Delhi Dandzing Dresden Dibrugarh Dublin Ferozpur Guwahati

India India Thailand Iraq Iraq Germany Germany Hungary U. K. Argentina India India Bangladesh China Egypt China Germany India Germany Germany India Ireland India India

Alaknanda Ram Ganga Chao Praya Euphrates and Tigris Tigris Spree Rhine Daunbe Avon Laplata Mahanadi Tungabhadra Majyani Si-Kiang Nile Yang-tse-King Rhine Yamuna Vistula Elve Brahmaputra Liffy Satluj Brahmaputra

Hardwar Hyderabad Hamburg Jabalpur Jamshedpur Jaunpur Kabul Karachi Kanpur Kota Kolkata Khartoum Lahore Leningrad Lucknow Lisbon Liverpool Ludhiana London Mathura Moscow Montreal Nanking New Orleans

India India Germany India India India Afghanistan Pakistan India India India Sudan Pakistan Russia India Portugal England India England India Russia Canada China U.S.A.

Ganga Musi Elve Narmada Swarnarekha Gomti Kabul Indus Ganga Chambal Hooghly Confluence of Blue and white Nile Ravi Neva Gomti Tagus Messey Satluj Thames Yamuna Moskva St. Lawrence Yang-tse-Kiang Mississippi

Nasik New York Ottawa Patna Paris Philadelphia Perth Panjim Prague Quebec Rome Rotterdam Stalingrad Shanghai Sidney Srinagar Surat Sambalpur Serirangapatam Saint Luis Tiruchurapalli Tokyo Ujjain Vijayvada

India U.S.A. Canada India France U.S.A. Australia India Czech Republic Canada Italy The Netherlands Russia China Australia India India India India U.S.A. India Japan India India

Godavari Hudson Ottawa Ganga Seine Delaware Swan Mandavi Vitava St. Lawrence Tiber New Mass Volga Yang-tse-Kiang Darling Jhelum Tapti Mahanadi Cauvery Mississippi Cauvery Arakava Kshipra Krishna

Varanasi Vienna Warsaw Washington D.C. Yangoon

India Australia Poland U.S.A. Myanmar Quotation

Ganga Danube Vistula Potomac Irrawaddy Quoted By Bal Gangadhar Tilak G. B. Shaw

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Swaraj is my Birth Right Take care to get what you like or you will be forced to like what you get.

A thing of beauty is a joy John Keats forever To be and not to be that Shakespeare is the question. Delhi Chalo Superstition is the religion of feeable minds. Let a hundread flowers bloom and let a thousand school of thought contend. Aram Haram Hai Where wealth accumulates, men decay. Beauty is truth, truth is beauty, that is all. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Edmund Burke

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Mao-Ste-Tunng

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Jawahar Lal Nehru Goldsmith

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John Keats

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I came I saw I conquered Shekspear

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Good Government is no Alfred Tennyson substitute for self government. A democratic Government is of the people, for the people and by the people. Jay Hind Abraham Linkon

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Netaji

Law grinds the poor and Gold Smith rich men rule the men. The human soul needs D. H. Lawrence actual beauty more than bread. War is the greatest crime man perpetrates against man. Zarathustra

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There never was a good Benjamin Franklin war or a bad peace. The only man who never Theodore Roosevelt makes mistakes is the man who never does anything. Truth and Non-violence is my God Jai Jawan, Jai Kishan Eureka Eureka M. K. Gandhi

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Lal Bahadur Shastri Archimedes

Just as I would not like Abraham Linkon to be a slave, so I would not like to be a master. Brevity is the soul of wit. Shekspear East is east and west is Kipling west and never the twin

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shall meet. 26 27 Knowledge is Power Man is by nature a political animal. Hobbes Aristotol

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Temptation usually Arnold Glasow comes in through a door that has delibaretly been left open. I therefore want freedom immediately this very night, before dawn if it can be had? Man is not the creature of circumstance. Circumstances are the creature of men. Gandhiji

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Disraeli

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Excellent things are rare. Plato Well done is better than Benjamin Franklin well said. Ambition is like love: Buddha Impatient both of delays as well as rivals. The child is father of the William Wordsworth man. Faith is the bird that feels the light when the dawn is still dark. Rabindra Nath Tagore

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Patriotism is religion and Bankim Chandra Chatterjee religion is love for India. Oh! Disrespectable democracy! I love you! G.B.Shaw

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Book's Name
A Bend in the River A Gift of Monotheists A House for Mr.Biswas A Journey A Minister and his Responsibilities A Nation is Making A Pair of Blue Eyes A Passage to India A Revenue Stamp (autobiography) A Strange and Sublime Address A Suitable Boy A Tale of Two Cities A Voice of Freedom A week with Gandhi Adventures of Sherlock Homes All the Prime Minister's Men Allahabad Prasasti Amitabh- the Making of the Superstar Amukta Malyad An Unknown Indian Anand Math Anna Karenina Aparajito Apple Cart Aranyak Arogyaniketan Astyadhaye Bakul Katha Ban Palashir Padabali

Author's Name
V. S. Naipaul Ram Mohan Roy V.S.Naipaul Tony Blair Morarji Bhai Desai Surendra Nath Bandhopadhye Thomash Hardy E. M. Foster Amrita Pritam Amit Choudhary Bikram Seth Charls Dikens Nayantara Shehgal L. Fischer Arther Canon Doel Janardan Thakur Harisen Susmita Das Gupta Krishna Deva Raya Nirod C. Choudhary Bankim Chandra Chattopadhaye Leo Tolstoy Bibhuti Bhushan Bandopadhyay G. B. Shaw Bibhuti Bhushan Bandopadhyay Tarashankar Bandopadhyay Panini Ashapurna Devi Ramapada Chowdhury

Bandit Queen Bela Obela Kalbela Bengali Zamindar Bicramanchadev Blind Beauty Buddhacharit Captive Lady Causes of the Indian Mutiny Charitraheen Chidambara Circle of the Region City of Job Charnak Commedy Errors Conversations with Myself Coolie Crisis of India Das Capital Death of President Decamaren Desert Village Devdas Development as Freedom Devi Chaudharani Devine Comedi Divine Life Economic History of India End and Means Faust Ferary Queen Freedom at Midnight

Mala Sen Jibanananda Das Nilmoni Mukherjee Bilhon Boris Pasternak Asha Ghosh Michel Madhusudan Dutta Sir Syyed Ahmed Khan Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay S. N. Panth Amitabha Ghosh Nisith Ranjan Roy Shekhspear Nelson Mandela Mulkraj Anand Ronal Segal Karl Marks W. Marchent Bocachio Oliver Goldsmith Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay Amartya Sen Bankim Chandra Chattopadhaye Dante Sivanand Ramesh Chandra Dutta Huxlay Goethe Edmond Spensar Lapierre & Collins

Friend Not Master Ganadebota Gathering Strom Gaurdbaho Ghulam Giri Global Crisis Recession and Uneven Recovery Great Indian and Their Landmark Speeches Guide Half a Life Hero of Nymph Hind Swaraj Hindu View of Life Historica I follow the Mahatma I Van Ho Ignited Minds - Unleashing the power within India In an Antique Land India 2020 - A Vision for the New Millennium India Divided India for A Billion Reasons India Wins Freedom Indian Epigraphy Indian Village Indian war and Independence Indica Infinite Jest Inheritance of Loss Jalsaghar Jhara Palak Jinnah- India, Partition, Independence

Ayub Khan Tarashankar Bandopadhyay Churchil Bakpatiraj Jyotiba Phule Y.B. Reddy Manohar and Sarita Prabhakar R. K. Narayanan V. S. Naipaul Aurobindo Ghosh M. K. Gandhi S. Radhakrishnan Herodotus K. M. Munshi Walter Scot DR. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Amitabh Ghosh DR. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Rajendra Prashad Amit Dasgupta Abdul Kalam Azad D. C. Sircar S. C. Dube D. V. Savarkar Megasthenis David Foster Wallace Kiran Desai Tarashankar Bandopadhyay Jibanananda Das Jaswant Singh

Jungle Book Kanterbary Tells Kidnapped Kubla Khan Lalit Bihar Life Divine Mahabhashya Man and Superman Midnight Children Mitakshara Modernization of Indian Tradition Mother Mother India Murder in Cathedral My Country My Life My Experiments With Truth My Indian Years My Journey Myth of Independence Neel Darpan Netaji Dead or Alive

R. Kippling Geofray Chosar Stevenson Coleridge Ashwa Ghosh Aurobindo Ghosh Patanjali G. B. Shaw Salman Rushdi Vijnaneswara Yogendra Singh Maxim Gorkay Katharin Mayo Elliot Lal Krishna Advani M. K. Gandhi Lord Hardinge II DR. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Dinbandhu Mitra Samar Guha A. B. Vajpayee

New India One Night @ the Call Centre Padma Nadir Majhi Pakhtoon Palli Samaj Paradise Lost Parineeta Pather Panchali

Annie Besant Chetan Bhagat Manik Bandopadhyay Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay John Milton Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay Bibhuti BHushan Bandopadhaye

Poverty & Un-British Rule in India Pratham Pratisruti Precepts of Jesus Pride and Prejudice Principles of Sociology Prison Diary Problems of the East Putul Nacher Itikatha Races and Cultures of India Rajtarangini Ramcharit Rashmirathi River of Smoke Saket Satyarth Prakash Shadow Line Shadow of Ladakh Shape of Things To Come Sitaram Social Structure of Values Straight from the Heart Subarnalata Tahakak - E - Hind Talisman The Algebra of Infinite Justice The Bandit Queen The City of Joy The Discovery of India The God of Small Things The Harry Potter Series

Dadabhai Naoroji Ashapurna Devi Ram Mohan Roy Jane Austen Herbert Spencer Jay Prakash Narayan Lord Curzon Manik Bandopadhyay D. N. Majumdar Kalhan S. K. Nandi Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Amitav Ghosh Mathili Saran Gupta Swami Dayanand Amitabh Ghosh B. Bhattacharia H. G. Wells Bankim Chandra Chattopadhaye Radha Kamal Mukherjee Kapil Dev Ashapurna Devi Albiruni Walter Scott Arundhati Roy Mala Sen Dhominic Lapier Jawahar Lal Nehru Arundhuti Roy J. K. Rowling

The Indian Struggle The Indian War of Independence The Inheritance of Loss The Judgement The Masque of Africa The Miracle of Democracy: India's Amazing Journey The Nadars of Tamil Nadu The Nehrus; Motilal and Jawaharlal The Prince The Rediscovery of India The Satanic Verse The Science of Bharat Natyam The Sense of an Ending The Silent Cry The Spirit of Islam The Village By the Sea The White Tiger Theory of Relativity Three Marketiars To all fighters of freedom, Why Socialism? Truth, Love and A Little Malice Two Leaves and a Bud Two Lives Unhappy India Urbashi Utopia Vision of the Past Volga Se Ganga War and Peace What Congress and Gandhi have done to the untouchables

Subash Chandra Bose V. D. Savarkar Kiran Desai Kuldip Nayar V. S. Naipaul Mr. T. S. Krishnamurthy D. N. Dhanagre B. R. Nanda Maciavaly Meghnad Desai Salman Rushdi Saroja Vaidyanathan Julian Barnes Kenjaburo Ue Syyed Amir Ali Anita Desai Aravind Adiga Einstein Alexander Doma J. P. Narayan Khushwant Singh Mulkraj Anand Vikram Seth Lala Lajpat Rai R. D. Dinkar Thomas Moor Michel Madhusudan Dutta Rahul Sankritayan Tolstoy B. R. Ambedkar

Wings of Fire

DR. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Important UN Agencies Other UN Agencies THE UNITED NATIONS: ORGANIZATION In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. The Organization officially came into existence on 24 October 1945, when the Charter had been ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the United States and a majority of other signatories. United Nations Day is celebrated on 24 October. Charter The Charter is the constituting instrument of the United Nations, setting out the rights and obligations of Member States, and establishing the Organization's organs and procedures. Purposes The purposes of the United Nations, as set forth in the Charter, are to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations; to cooperate in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these ends. Structure The six principal organs of the United Nations, are the: General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Trusteeship Council, International Court of Justice and Secretariat. General Assembly It consists of all member states of the U.N. Each member nation can send five delegates but each nation has only one vote. The General Assembly meets in regular session beginning in September each year. Security Council It is the executive body of the U.N. It consists of total 15 members, out of which 5 members are permanent and the remaining 10 members are non-permanent. China, France, Russia, UK and USA are the permanent members. tHe non-permanent members are elected by the General Assembly for 2 years from among the member states. The permanent members of the security council have got veto power. Any matter supported by the majority of the members fails to be carried through if negative vote is cast by any of the permanent members. Economic and Social Council This organ of the U. N. consists of 54 representatives of the member countries elected by a two

third majority of the General Assembly. International Court of Justice It is the principal judicail organ of the United Nations. The headquarters of the International court of justice is at the Hague (Netherland). The court consists of 15 judges. Trusteeship Council This organ consists of 14 members out of which five are the permanent members of the security council. Secretariat This organ of the United nations is the chief administrative office which coordnates and supervises the activites of the U. N. This secretariat is headed by a Secretary General who is appointed by the General Assembly on the recomendation of the Security Coulcil' Secretary General of the U. N. is elected for five years and eligible for re-election. The present Secretary General is Baan ki Moon The United Nations family, however, is much larger, encompassing 15 agencies and several programmes and bodies. Budget The budget for the two years 2000-2001 is $2,535 million. The main source of funds is the contributions of Member States, which are assessed on a scale approved by the General Assembly. The fundamental criterion on which the scale of assessments is based is the capacity of countries to pay. This is determined by considering their relative shares of total gross national product, adjusted to take into account a number of factors, including their per capita incomes. In addition, countries are assessed -- in accordance with a modified version of the basic scale -- for the costs of peacekeeping operations, which stood at around $2 billion in 2000. The United Nations family The United Nations family of organizations is made up of the United Nations Secretariat, the United Nations programmes and funds -- such as the UN Childrens Fund (UNICEF) and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) -- and the specialized agencies. The programmes, funds and agencies have their own governing bodies and budgets, and set their own standards and guidelines. Together, they provide technical assistance and other forms of practical help in virtually all areas of economic and social endeavour. INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY One of the primary purposes of the United Nations is the maintenance of international peace and security. Since its creation, the United Nations has often been called upon to prevent disputes from escalating into war, to persuade opposing parties to use the conference table rather than force of arms, or to help restore peace when conflict does break out. Over the decades, the United Nations has helped to end numerous conflicts, often through actions of the Security Council the primary organ for dealing with issues of international peace and security.

The Security Council, the General Assembly and the Secretary-General all play major, complementary roles in fostering peace and security. United Nations activities cover the areas of prevention and peacemaking, peacekeeping, peace-building and disarmament. Civil conflicts During the 1990s, there have been major changes in the patterns of conflict with more than 90 per cent of conflicts taking place within, rather than between, states. The United Nations has therefore reshaped and enhanced the range of instruments at its command, emphasizing conflict prevention, continually adapting peacekeeping operations, involving regional organizations, and strengthening post-conflict peace-building. To deal with civil conflicts, the Security Council has authorized complex and innovative peacekeeping operations. In El Salvador and Guatemala, in Cambodia and in Mozambique, the UN played a major role in ending war and fostering reconciliation. Other conflicts, however in Somalia, Rwanda and the former Yugoslavia often characterized by ethnic violence, brought new challenges to the UN peacemaking role. Confronted with the problems encountered, the Security Council did not establish any operation from 1995 to 1997. But the essential role of peacekeeping has once more been dramatically reaffirmed. Continuing crises in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, East Timor, Kosovo, Sierra Leone, and Ethiopia-Eritrea led the Council to establish six new missions in 1998-2000. Peace-building The experience of recent years has also led the United Nations to focus as never before on peacebuilding action to support structures that will strengthen and consolidate peace. Experience has shown that keeping peace, in the sense of avoiding military conflict, is not sufficient for establishing a secure and lasting peace. Such security can only be achieved by helping countries to foster economic development, social justice, human rights protection, good governance and the democratic process. ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT Although most people associate the United Nations with the issues of peace and security, the vast majority of its resources are devoted to economic development, social development and sustainable development. United Nations development efforts have profoundly affected the lives and well-being of millions of people throughout the world. Guiding the United Nations work is the conviction that lasting international peace and security are possible only if the economic and social well-being of people everywhere is assured. Many of the economic and social transformations that have taken place globally in the last five decades have been significantly affected in their direction and shape by the work of the United Nations. As the global centre for consensus-building, the United Nations has set priorities and goals for international cooperation to assist countries in their development efforts and to foster a supportive global economic environment. Common interests International debate on economic and social issues has increasingly reflected the common interest of rich and poor countries in solving the many problems that transcend national boundaries. Issues such as the environment, refugees, organized crime, drug trafficking and

AIDS are seen as global problems requiring coordinated action. The impact of poverty and unemployment in one region can be quickly felt in others, not least through migration, social disruption and conflict. Similarly, in the age of a global economy, financial instability in one country is immediately felt in the markets of others. Coordinating development activities The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is the principal body coordinating the economic and social work of the United Nations. It is serviced by the Department for Economic and Social Affairs. The entire family of United Nations organizations works for economic, social and sustainable development. HUMAN RIGHTS Virtually every United Nations body and specialized agency is involved to some degree in the protection of human rights. One of the great achievements of the United Nations is the creation of a comprehensive body of human rights law, which, for the first time in history, provides us with a universal and internationally protected code of human rights, one to which all nations can subscribe and to which all people can aspire. Not only has the United Nations painstakingly defined a broad range of internationally accepted rights; it has also established mechanisms with which to promote and protect these rights and to assist governments in carrying out their responsibilities. Human rights law The foundations of this body of law are the United Nations Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the General Assembly in 1948. Since then, the United Nations has gradually expanded human rights law to encompass specific standards for women, children, disabled persons, minorities, migrant workers and other vulnerable groups, who now possess rights that protect them from discriminatory practices that had long been common in many societies. Rights have been extended through groundbreaking General Assembly decisions that have gradually established their universality, indivisibility and interrelatedness with development and democracy. Human rights action Education campaigns have tirelessly informed the worlds public of their inalienable rights, while numerous national judicial and penal systems have been enhanced with United Nations training programmes and technical advice. The United Nations machinery to monitor compliance with human rights covenants has acquired a remarkable cohesiveness and weight. The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights works to strengthen and coordinate United Nations work for the protection and promotion of all human rights of all persons around the world. The Secretary-General has made human rights the central theme that unifies the Organizations work. DECOLONIZATION More than 80 nations whose peoples were under colonial rule have joined the United Nations as sovereign independent states since the UN was founded in 1945. Many other Territories have achieved self-determination through political association with other independent states or through integration with other states. The United Nations has played a crucial role in that historic change by encouraging the aspirations of dependent peoples and by setting goals and standards

to accelerate their attainment of independence. The Organization has also supervised elections leading to independence in Togoland (1956 and 1968), Western Samoa (1961), Namibia (1989) and most recently a popular consultation in East Timor (1999). Self-determination and independence The decolonization efforts of the United Nations derive from the Charter principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, as well as from three specific chapters in the Charter devoted to the interests of dependent peoples. Since 1960, the United Nations has also been guided by the General Assemblys Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, by which Member States proclaimed the necessity of bringing colonialism to a speedy end. The Organization has also been guided by General Assembly resolution 1541 (XV) of 1960, which defined the three options offering full self-government for Non-Self-Governing Territories.

Abdul Ghaffar Khan He was known as the 'Frontier Gandhi'. He was a nationalist Muslim leader of the North-West Frontier Province. He first started a militant organisation known as the 'Red Shirt', and later on joined the non-violent Civil Disobedience Movement started by Mahatma Gandhi. Acharya Vinoba Bhave Saintly personality; had devoted his life to social welfare; founder of the Bhoodan movement. Amir Khusrau Assumed 'Parrot of India', was a famous poet and author who wrote in poetry and prose and also composed music. He enjoyed the patronage of successive Sultans of Delhi from Balban to Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq. He died in 1324-25. His works include Tughluqnamah and the Tarikh-i-Alai. Anand Mohan Bose He was a prominent Indian public man in his times. He was the first Indian to be a Wrangler of Cambridge University in 1873. He was the founder-secretary of the Indian Association which was established in Calcutta in 1876, and presided over the 14th session of the Indian National Congress held in Ma Ashutosh Mukherjee

He was an eminent lawyer and educationist. He was certainly a maker of modern Bengal, if not of India, by virtue of his eminent services to the cause of education. At the early age of 25 he became a member of the Senate of the Calcutta University of which he became the vice-chancellor. Aurobindo Ghosh An ardent nationalist who later became a saint, was educated in England. His views were readily accepted by Lala Lajpat Rai of Punjab and Bal Gangadhar Tilak of Maharashtra and led to the formation of an extremist school within the Congress. Bal Gangadhar Tilak Patriot and statesman, known as Lokmanya. He organised Extremist Party within the Congress with Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pai. Britishers called him "Father of Indian Unrest". He gave the clarion call "Swaraj is my birth right". Tilak was the founder-editor of Mahratta (English) and Kesar Bhagat Singh Known as Shahid-e-Azam. Founded Naujawan Bharat Sabha. Exploded bomb in Central Legislative Assembly at Lahore on April 8, 1929. He was arrested and sentenced for life. He along with Sukh Dev and Shivram Rajguru, was hanged on March 23, 1931 for participating in Lahore conspiracy. Chakravarti Rajagopalachari A prominent Indian politician, born in South India in 1879. He was the General Secretary of the Indian National Congress in 1921-22 and was a member of the Congress Working Commitee. Rajagopalachari was the Chief Minister of Madras from 1937-39. Dadabhai Naoro Ji He was elected president of the Indian National Congress at its second session held in Calcutta in 1886. He was the first Indian to be elected a member of the House of Commons in England on a ticket of Liberal Party. Twice again, in 1893 and in 1906, he was elected president of the INC. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar A prominent leader of the Scheduled Castes. Built up a party of the untouchables, became a member of the Constitutent Assembly and piloted through it the Indian Constitution Act which declared India to be Republic. He also piloted the Hindu Code through the Indian Legislature. Dr. Rajendra Prasad

He was the first President of the Republic of India. Born in Bihar in 1884, educated at the Calcutta Universty, he began his career as an advocate and soon commanded a very large practice at Patna High Court. Prasad became the president of Congress in 1934, 1939 and 1947; a minister in Nehru's cabin Gopal Krishna Gokhale He was a prominent Indian nationalist, and presided over the 1905 session of the Indian National Congress. In 1905 he founded at Poona the Servants of India Society. He died in 1915. He is considered as the 'Political Guru' of Gandhiji. Govinda Ballabh Pant The celebrated Sanskrit grammarian, was the author of Ashtadhyayi. He was one of the leading members and leaders of the Indian National Congress. He became the Chief Minister in his native province of Uttar Pradesh after independence. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar Social reformer and educationist from Bengal and a pioneer in the field of primary education and widow re-marriage. Jamshedji Tata Parsi industrialist and philanthropist. Father of Indian industry, founded Tata, Iron and Steel Company in Bihar. Lal Bahadur Shastri Prime Minister of India from May, 1964 to his death on 11 January, 1966. He was conferred Bharat Ratna posthumously. He was a martyr for the cause of peace between India and Pakistan at Tashkent. Lala Lajpat Rai Indian national leader known as "Lion of Punjab". Founder editor of Bande Mataram, The Punjabeeand The People. Died of injuries caused by police lathicharge while leading a demonstration against Simon Commission at Lahore in 1928. Author of Young India, The Arya Samaj and England's Debt to India. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Better known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. Became a barrister-at-law (1891) in England. Went to South Africa in 1893. Stayed there till 1914 for the cause of the emancipation of the Indians from the insulting life. Mrs. Vijayalakshmi Pandit Born in 1900, was a talented daughter of Pandit Motilal Nehru. She held many high offices after Indian independence including the post of India's High Commissioner in England (1955-61) and India's Ambassador to the U. S. S. R. as well as to the U. S. A. Mrs. Annie Besant English theosophist, bom in London in October 1847. She founded the Central Hindu College at Banaras and was elected president of the Theosophical Society in 1907. In 1916 she founded the Indian Home Rule League and became its first president and in 1917. Mrs. Sarojini Naldu The most talented Indian lady, born of Bengali parents, was a poet and orator who took a prominent part in Indian politics. She presided over the Kanpur session of the Indian National Congress in 1925 and was the first lady to be appointed a state Governor in the Republic of India. Netaji Subhash Bose Popularly known as Netaji, was born on January 23, 1879, at Cuttack. He passed the Indian Civil Service Examination in 1920. He joined the Indian National Congress in 1921. In 1938 he was the president of the INC at its Haripura session and in 1939 he was elected president of its Tripuri session. Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru He was the first Prime Minister of Independent India and is known as the architect of modem India. He was born in Allahabad on Novemeber 14,1889. In 1928 be became the General Secretary of the Indian National Congress and in 1929 its President. At the Lahore session under his Presidentship was pass Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya A leading nationalist leader, prominent educationist and social reformer. Later on joined the second session of the Indian National Congress held in 1886 and twice became its President in 1909 and 1918. His greatest achievement was the foundation in 1915 in Benaras of the Hindu University. Pandit Motilal Nehru

A renowned Indian patriot, was born on 6th May, 1861 in Delhi. He began his career as a lawyer at the Allahabad High Court, joined the Indian National Movement and started a journal named The Independent' to support the cause of Indian Nationalism. Along with C. R. Das he formed the Swarajist Party Rabindranath Tagore Poet, novelist, patriot, educationist, essayist, painter and philosopher. He founded Shantiniketan (now Viswabharati University) in West Bengal. The first Asian to receive Nobel Prize in Literature (for Gitanjali in 1913), writer of National Anthems of India and Bangladesh. Ram Manohar Lohla A social and political revolutionary, he founded the'Samajwadi Party' after difference of opinion with the Congress. Ramakrishna Paramhansa He was a very great spiritual teacher of the Hindus in modern times. His twonoteworthy disciples were Keshavchandra Sen and Swami Vivekanand. Rasbehari Ghosh He was elected president of the Surat session of the Indian National Congress in 1907 in which the Moderates and Extremists came to a serious clash. Next year he presided over the Madras session of the INC. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel A renowned Indian patriot and politician, was born on the 31st, October, 1875 in Gujarat and began his career as a lawyer. He took a leading part in the Bardoli Satyagraha movement. In 1931 he became the president of the Congress. He joined the "interim Government" set up in 1946 as the Home Ministe Sarvapalli Radha Krishan The second President of the Republic of India. Radha Krishnan was appointed as India's ambassador to the USSR in 1949. In 1962 he became the President of India. His birthday, Sept 5, is celebrated as Teacher's Day.' Shaukat Ali

A prominent leader and politician amongst the Indian Muhammadans. He along with his brother Muhammad All, led the Khilafat Movement in 1919-20. He also joined the Indian National Congress and the non-co-operation movement. Sir Sayyid Ahmed Khan He was a prominent leader of the Indian Muhammadans. Remained loyal to the British during the Sepoy Mutiny (1857-58), founded the Muhammadan AngloOriental College at Aligarh in 1875. In 1920 the college was raised to the status of University and called the Aligarh Muslim University. Sister Nivedita A famous disciple of Swami Vivekananda, was an Irish lady named Miss Margaret Nobel. Swami Vivekananda Disciple of Rama Krishna Paramahansa, and founder of Ramakrishna Mission at Belur. He championed the supremacy of Vedantic philosophy and his talk at the Chicago conference of world religions in 1893 made westerners realise the greatness of Hinduism for the first time. V. D. C Savarkar He founded Mitra Mandal aimed at achieving freedom by armed rebellion, founded Abhinav Bharat, started Free Indian Society in England (London). Savarkar was arrested in Nasik conspiracy case and sentenced to transportation for life and freed in 1937. He authored Indian War of Independence. Wumesh Chandra Banerjee The first president of the Indian National Congress held at Bombay in 1885. He was made Congress President a second time at its Allahabad session in 1892. Zakir Hussain Proposed Wardha Scheme of education, formerly Vice-Chancellor of Jamia Millia. He was elected as President of India in 1967.

Election Comission in India - Chief Election Commisioners of India An independent Election Commission has been established under the Constitution in order to

carry out and regulate the holding of elections in India. The Election Commission was established in accordance with the Constitution on 25th January 1950. Originally a Chief Election Commissioner ran the commission, but first in 1989 and later again in 1993 two additional Election Commissioners were appointed.The Election Commission is responsible for the conduct of elections to parliament and state legislatures and to the offices of the President and Vice-President. The Election Commission prepares, maintains and periodically updates the Electoral Roll, which shows who is entitled to vote, supervises the nomination of candidates, registers political parties, monitors the election campaign, including candidates funding. It also facilitates the coverage of the election process by the media, organises the polling booths where voting takes place, and looks after the counting of votes and the declaration of results. All this is done to ensure that elections can take place in an orderly and fair manner. At present, there are two Election Commissioners appointed by the President. Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from office only by parliamentary impeachment. The Commission decides most matters by consensus but in case of any dissension, the majority view prevails. CHIEF ELECTION COMMISSIONERS OF INDIA Sukumar Sen K.V.K. Sundaram S.P. Sen Verma Dr Nagendra Singh T. Swaminathan S.L. Shakdhar R.K. Trivedi R.V.S. Peri Sastri Smt V.S. Rama Devi T.N. Seshan M.S. Gill J.M. Lyngdoh T.S. Krishna 21 March 1950-19 December 1958 20 December 1958-30 September 1967 1 October 1967-30 September 1972 1 October 1972-6 February 1973 7 February 1973-17 June 1977 18 June 1977-17 June 1982 18 June 1982-31 December 1985 1 January 1986-25 November 1990 26 November 1990-11 December 1990 12 December 1990-11 December 1996 12 December 1996-13 June 2001 14 June 2001-7 February 2004 8 February 2004-15 May 2005

Murthy B.B. Tandon N. Gopalaswamy Navin Chawla Dr. S. Y. Quraishi VS Sampath 16 May 2005-07 February 2006 8 February 2006 - 30 April 2009 2 May 2009 - 30th July 2010 30th July 2010 - 10th June 2012 10th June 2012

President of India

The president of India is the executive head of State and First Citizen of India. The executive powers vested in the President are to be exercised on the advice of the council of Ministers responsible to the parliament. The 42nd amendment to the Constitution has made it obligatory on the part of the President to accept the advice of the Council of Ministers. Election Process The president of India indirectly elected through "Electoral College" consisting of Elected members of both the Houses of Parliament & elected members of the Legisletive Assemblies of the states. According to the 70th Amendment Act, 1992, the expression "States" inckudes the National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Union Territory of Pondicherry. The total voting strength of the parliament is equal to the total voting strength of all state asemblies together. The Supreme Court of India inquires all disputes regarding President's election. After electing the president takes OATH in presence of Chief Justice of India, or in absence of Chief Justice, senior most judge of SC. In case the office falls vacant due to the death, resignation or removal, the Vice-President acts as President. If he is not available then Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, if not then senior most judge of the Supreme Court shall act as the Persident of India. The election is to be held within 6 month of the vacancy. In Presidential elections history V. V. Giri is the only person who won the election as an independent candidate in 1969. And Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy was elected unopposed as no one else filed nomination for the post of the President in 1977. Elegibility to Contest Election for the President

He/She must be a citizen of India. Completed 35 yrs of age Eligible to be a member of Lok Sabha

Must not hold any Govt. Post. except (President, Vice-President, Govornor of any State, Minister of Union or State)

Working Terms An elected president is elegible to hold his/her office for the 5yrs term. And as per the Article 57 there is no upper limit on the no. of times a person can become President. He/She can give resigation to Vice President before his/her full term. Impeachment (Article 61) The President can be impeached only on the ground of violation of Constitution (This impeachment procedure called Quasi-judicial procedure). The impeachment procedure can be initiated in either House of the Parliament. The charge must come in the form of a proposal which must be signed at least one-fourth of the total membership of that house. Before the resolution could be passed, a fourteen days notice must be given to the President. If after the notice, the House passes the resolution by a majority of not less than two-third membership of that House, the matter will be referred to the other House. After the charges are framed by one house, the other House investigates them. At this time President has the right to defend himself either in person or through his lawyer. If after the investigation, the other house passes the resolution by not less than two-third majority of that House, the President stands impeached from his office from the date on which the motion is so passed. Powers of President
Executive Power

Appoints PM, ministers, Chief Justice and judges of Supreme Court and High Courts, chairman and members of UPSC, Comptroller and Auditor General, Attorney General, Chief Election Comissioner and other members of Election Commission, Governors, Members of Finance Commission, Ambassadors etc. He/ She directly administers the Union Territories through the Lt. Governor, Commissioner or Administrator.

Judicial Power

The President's pardoninf power comprises a group of analogous powers like pardon, reprieve, remission, respite and communication. Appoint the Chief Justice and judges of Supreme Court and High Court

Diplomatic Power

Represents country in international forums. Sends ambassadors and receives diplomats. International treaties and agreements are concluded on his behalf.

Financial Power

All money bills can originate in Parliament only on recommendadation of President. No demand for a grant can be made except on his recommendation. He/She can make advances out of the Contingency Fund of India to meet any unforseen expenditure. Appoints Finance Commission (after every 5yrs) that recommends distribution of taxes between Union and State Govts.

Military Power

He is the Supreme Commander of the Defense Forces in India. Appoints Chiefs of Army, Navy and Air Force. Declares wars and concludes peace subject to the approval of the Parliament.

Emergency Power

The President can promulgate 3 types of Emergencies: (i)National Emergency (Article 352), (ii)State Emergency (President Rule Article 356), (iii)Financial Emergency

Legislative Powers

Addresses the first session after general elections and at the commencement of the first session of each year. Can send messages to both the Houses, whether with respect to a Bill pending in the Parliament or otherwise. Can summon and prorogue the sessions of the 2 houses & can dissolve Lok Sabha.. Can address both the houses jointly or separately. He/She can appoint any member of the Lok Sabha to preside over its procedings when both the offices of Speaker and the Deputy Speaker fall vacant simultaneously. Nominate 12 members of Rajya Sabha. Nominates 2 members of Anglo-Indian community in Lok Sabha if they haven't recieved adequate representation. Can enact laws through ordinance when the parliament is in recess (Article 123). These ordinances must be passed by parliament within 6 weeks of reassembly. His/Her prior recommendation or permission is needed to introduce certain types of Bills boundaries of a State, a Money Bill etc.

Shri Pranab Mukherjee (25 July 2012 - till date) Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil (25 July 2007 - 24th July 2012) DR. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (25 July 2002 TO 25 July 2007) Shri K. R. Narayanan (25 July 1997 TO 25 July 2002) Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma (25 July 1992 TO 25 July 1997) Shri R Venkataraman (25 July 1987 TO 25 July 1992) Giani Zail Singh (25 July 1982 TO 25 July 1987) Shri Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (25 July 1977 TO 25 July 1982)

Dr. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (24 August 1974 TO 11 February 1977) Shri Varahagiri Venkata Giri (3 May 1969 TO 20 July 1969 and 24 August 1969 TO 24 August 1974) Dr. Zakir Husain (13 May 1967 TO 3 May 1969) Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan (13 May 1962 TO 13 May 1967) Dr. Rajendra Prasad (26 January 1950 TO 13 May 1962)

Powers of Prime Minister


Appoints the Council of Ministers. Allocates portfolios. Can ask a minister to resign and can get him dismissed by President. Assist the President in appointment of all high officials. Can recommend to the President to declare emergency on grounds of war, external aggression or armed rebellion. Advises President about President's rule in the State or emergency due to financial instability. The President convenes and prorogues all sessions of Parliamenr in consultation with him/her. Can recommend the dissolution of Lok Sabha before expire. Leader of the House

Dr. Manmohan Singh (May 22, 2004 - till date) - Party (INC) Atal Bihari Vajpayee (May 16, 1996 - June 1, 1996 and March 19, 1998 - May 22, 2004) - Party (BJP) Shri Inder Kumar Gujral (April 21, 1997 - March 19, 1998) - Party (Janta Dal) Shri H. D. Deve Gowda (June 1, 1996 - April 21, 1997) - Party (Janta Dal) P. V. Narasimha Rao (June 21, 1991- May 16, 1996) - Party (Congress[I]) Shri Chandra Shekhar (November 10, 1990 - June 21, 1991) Party (Janta Dal[S]) Shri V. P. Singh (December 2, 1989 - November 10, 1990) - Party(Janta Dal) Mr. Rajiv Gandhi (October 31, 1984 - December 2, 1989) - Party (Congress[I])

Introduction to Indian Constitution The Constitution of India is the world's lengthiest written constitution with 395 articles and 8 schedules. It contains the good points taken from the constitution's of many countries in the world. It was passed on 26 Nov 1949 by the 'The Constituent Assembly' and is fully applicable since 26 Jan 1950. The Constituent Assembly had been elected for undivided India and held its first sitting on 9th Dec.1946, re-assembled on the 14th August 1947, as The Sovereign Constituent Assembly for the dominion of India. In regard to its composition the members were elected by indirect election by the members of The Provisional Legislative Assemblies (lower house only). At the time of signing 284 out of 299 members of the Assembly were present.

The constitution of India draws extensively from Western legal traditions in its outline of the principles of liberal democracy. It follows a British parliamentary pattern with a lower and upper house. It embodies some Fundamental Rights which are similar to the Bill of Rights declared by the United States constitution. It also borrows the concept of a Supreme Court from the US. India is a federal system in which residual powers of legislation remain with the central government, similar to that in Canada. The constitution provides detailed lists dividing up powers between central and state governments as in Australia, and it elaborates a set of Directive Principles of State Policy as does the Irish constitution. The constitution has provision for Schedules to be added to the constitution by amendment. The ten schedules in force cover the designations of the states and union territories; the emoluments for high-level officials; forms of oaths; allocation of the number of seats in the Rajya Sabha. A review of the constitution needs at least two-thirds of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha to pass it. The Indian constitution is one of the most frequently amended constitutions in the world. Infact the first amendment to it was passed after only a year of the adoption of the constitution and instituted numerous minor changes. Many more amendments followed, a rate of almost two amendments per year since 1950. Most of the constitution can be amended after a quorum of more than half of the members of each house in Parliament passes an amendment with a twothirds majority vote. Articles pertaining to the distribution of legislative authority between the central and state governments must also be approved by 50 percent of the state legislatures. Preamble of The Constitution We, The people of India, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens: JUSTICE, social, economic and political; LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; EQUALITY of status and of opportunity and to promote among them all FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do hereby Adopt, Enact and give ourselves this Constitution. Minerals and their Significance to a Human Body Mineral Elements Sources Macro Elements Calcium(Ca) Milk, cereals, Cheese, Green Vegetables. Required for formation of teeth and Bones, blood clotting, function of nerves and muscles Weak theeth and bones; retarded body growth. Significance Effects of deficiency.

Phosphorus(P)

Weak theeth and bones; retarded body growth and physiology. Many protiens of food. Component of many amino acids. Distributed protein metabolism.

Sulphur(S) Pottassium(K)

Meat, milk, cereals, Required for acid-base Low blood pressure, fruits and balance, water regulation nad weak muscles; risk vegetables. function of nerevs.. of paralysis.. Table salt Required for acid base Loss of appetite; balance; component of gastric muscles cramps juice. Cofactor of many enzymes of glycolysis anda number of another metabolic reactions dependent upon ATP Irregularties of metabolism principally affecting nervous functions. Anaemia, weakness and weak immunity. Goitre, Cretinism

Chlorine(Cl)

Magnesium(Mg)

Cereals, green vegetables.

Iron(Fe) Iodine(I) Micro Elements Fluorine(F)

Meat, eggs, cereals, Component of haemoglobin green vegetables. and cytochromes. Milk, cheese, sea food, iodized salt important component of thyroxine hormone

Drinking water, tea, Maintence of bones and teeth. Weak theeth, larger sea food amount causes motting of teeth. Cereals, Milk, eggs, Cofactor of digestive and meat, sea food many other enzymes Retarded growth, anaemia, rough skin, weak immunity and fertility

Zinc(Zn)

Copper(Cu)

Meat, dry fruits, Cofactor of cytochrome Anaemia, weak pods, green oxidase enzyme. Necessary blood vessels and vegetables, sea food for iron metabolism and connective tissues development of blood vessels and connective tissues Dry fruits, cereals, tea fruits and green vegetables MIlk, cheese, meat Cofactor of some enzymes of Irregular growth of urea synthesis and transfer of bones, cartilages phosphate group and connective tissues Important component of Anaemia

Manganese(MN)

Cobalt(Co)

vitamin B12 Selenium(SE) Meat, cereals, sea food Yeast, sea food, meat, some vegetables Cofactor of many enzymes; assists vitamin E Important for catabolic metabolism Muscular pain; weakness of cardiac muscles Irregularities of catabolic meatbolism and ATP production Irregular excreation of nitrogenous waste products Deficiency disease Night blindness Beri-Beri

Chromium(CR)

Molybdenum(MO) Cereals, pods, some Cofactor of some enzymes vegetables Vitamin A B1 Chemical Name Retinol Thiamine Properties General health giving vitamin, can be stored liver For Growth, carbohydrate metabolism, functioning of heart For Keeping skin and mouth healthy For healthy skin, sound mental health

B2 B5 B6 B12 C

Riboflavin Niacin Pyridoxine Cynacobalamin Ascorbic Acid

Cheilosis Pellagra

Processing of proteins and for Convulsions in child nervous system Required for formation and maturation of RBCs Pernicious anaemia

For keeping teeth, gums and Scurvy joints healthy. Gets destroyed on heating For normal bones and teeth, can be stored in liver For normal reproduction, removes scars and wrincles For normal clotting of blood Rickets Sterility Haemophilia

D E K

Calciferol Tocopherol Phylloquinone

HISTORICAL EVENTS B.C

2500Indus valley civilization. 1800 599 563 32726 269232 261 57 30 326 261 A.D 78 320 360 380413 606647 629645 622 712 Beginning of Saka era. Beginning of Gupta era. Samudragupta conquers the whole of N. India and much of the Deccan. Rule of Chandragupta Vikramaditya, age of Kalidasa, renewal of induism. Rule of Harshavardhana. Hieun Tsang's visit in India. Beginning of Hijra era. Arab invasion of Sind by Mohd. bin Qasim. Birth of Mahavir; Nirvana in 523. B.C. Birth of Gautam Buddha; Nirvana in 483 B.C. Alexander's invasion of India and the opening of land route between India and Europe. Ashoka's reign. Battle of Kalinga. Beginning of Vikrama era. Satvahana dynasty in Deooan. Pandyan empire in for south. Alexander defeated Poras in the Battle of Hydaspas Ashoka defeated Kalinga in the Kalinga War

1001Repeated attacks of Mehmud Ghazni. 27 1025 1191 1192 1206 1290 1290 1320 1333 Sacking of Somnath temple by Mehmud. First battle of Tarain in which Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Mohd. Ghori. Second battle of Tarain in which Mohd. Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan. Qutubuddin Aibak founded the Ilbari/Slave dynasty. Jalaluddin Firuz Khilji established Khilji dynasty. Marco Polo visited India. Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq founded the Tughlaq dynasty. Ibn Batuta arrived in India.

1336 1347 1398 1451 1469 1498 1510 1526 1556 1565 1571 1576 1582 1600 1604 1605 1611 1627 1631 1658 1666 1699 1707 1739 1757 1760 1761 1764 1793 1799

Harihara and Bukka founded the Vijaynagar empire. Bahmani kingdom founded. Timur invades India. Lodi dynasty comes in power in Delhi Sultanate. Birth of Guru Nanak Dev. Vasco da Gama lands at Calicut. Portuguese capture Goa-Albuquerque Governor. First Battle of Panipat in which Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodhi and established the Mughal dynasty. Second battle of Panipat in which Akbar defeated Hemu. Battle of Talikota in which Vijaynagar empire is defeated. Foundation of Fatehpur Sikri by Akbar. Battle of Haldighati in which Akbar defeated Maharana Pratap. Akbar started Din-i-llahi. English East India Company established. Compilation of Adi Granth. Death of Akbar. The English built a factory at Masulipatnam. Birth of Shivaji Death of Shah Jahan's wife Mumtaz Mahal. The building of Taj Mahal. Aurangzeb became Emperor of Delhi. Birth of Guru Gobind Singh. Guru Gobind Singh creates 'Khalsa'. Death of Aurangzeb, fall of Mughal empire begins. Nadir Shah invaded India; the peacock throne and the Kohinoor Diamond taken away from India. Battle of Plassey in which the English defeated Siraj-ud- daula, Nawab of Bengal. Battle of Wandiwash, end of French power in India, Third Battle of Panipat in which Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas. Battle of Buxar in which the English defeated the triple alliance of Nawab Mir Qasim of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula of Awadh and Mughal emperor Shah Alam. Permanent settlement in Bengal. Fourth Anglo Mysore War, death of Tipu Sultan, Ranjit Singh occupied Lahore and made it his capital.

1817- Marathas finally crushed.

19 1828 1835 A.D 1853 First Indian railway from Bombay to Thane. 1857First war of Indian Independence. 58 1858 British crown takes over the Indian Government; End of East India Company's rule. 1861 Birth of Rabindra Nath Tagore. 1869 Birth of M.K. Gandhi. 1885 Formation of Indian National Congress. 1905 Partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon. 1906 Formation of All India Muslim League. 1909 Minto-Morley Reforms. 1911 Delhi durbar held, partition of Bengal cancelled, capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi. 1914 World War I started. 1918 End of World War I. 1919 Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Montague- Chelmsford reforms. 1920 Non-cooperation Movement launched, 1921 Moplah rebellian in Malabar; visit of Prince of Wales. 1922 Chauri-Chaura incidence. 1923 Swaraj party formed. 1927 Simon Commission appointed. 1928 Visit of Simon Commission to India, death of Lala Lajpat Rai. 1929 Congress demanded'Poorna Swaraj'in Lahore session. 1930 January 26 celebrated as Independence Day throughout India, Dandi Salt Satyagraha, First Round Table conference. 1931 Gandhi-lrvin Pact, Second Round Table Conference. 1932 Suppression of Congress Movement, Third Round Table Conference, Communal Award, Poona Pact. 1935 Government of India Act. 1937 Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy. Congress ministries formed in 8 out of 11 provinces. Lord William Bentick becomes Governor General; Era of social reforms; Prohibition of Sati (1829), Suppression of thugs (1830). Introduction of English as medium of instruction.

HISTORICAL EVENTS

1939 Resignation of Congress ministries, beginning of World War II. 1942 Cripps Mission Plan, Quit India Movement, Formation of Indian National Army by S.C. Bose. 1945 Simla conference held and the failure of Wavell Plan, INA trials at Red Fort, Delhi. 1946 Cabinet Mission Plan, Formation of Interim Government, Direct Action Resolution by Muslim League. 1947 Mountbatten Plan of June 3 in which partition of India resolution is proposed, India divided, Pakistan created, both achieve independence, Jawarhar Lai Nehru becomes the I Prime Minister of India. 1948 Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi (Jan. 30). 1950 India became republic (Jan. 26). 1951 First Five Year Plan implemented. 1952 First General Elections held. 1953 Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary conquer Mt. Everest (May 29). 1954 Panchsheel agreement between India and China. 1956 Life insurance nationalized, State Reorganising Act comes into force. 1957 Second General Elections. 1958 Metric system of weights and measures introduced. 1959 Dalai Lama exiled; enters India. 1961 Liberation of Goa. 1962 Chinese attack on India. (Oct 20). 1964 Jawaharlal Nehru dies; Lai Bahadur Shastri becomes PM. 1965 Indo-Pak war. 1966 Tashkent Agreement reached, Death of Lai Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi became PM. 1967 Dr. Zakir Hussain elected President. 1968 Hargovind Khurana shares the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology. 1969 Death of. President Zakir Hussain (May 3). V. V. Giri elected President, Nationalization of 14 leading banks, Split in Indian National Congress. 1970 Former Indian ruler's privy purses abolished. Dr. C. V. Raman died (Nov. 2). 1971 Indo-Pak War over Bangladesh. 1972 Shimla Agreement signed. 1973 Manekshaw named India's first Field Marshal 1974 Nuclear explosion at Pokhran (May 18). 1975 Indian satellite 'Aryabhatta' launched, National emergency declared. 1976 The four Indian News agencies merged into a single News Agency known as 'Samachar',

life of Lok Sabha extended by an year. 1977 Defeat of Mrs. Indira Gandhi in the election, Morarji Desai takes over as PM, emergency withdrawn. 1978 India launches world's biggest adult literacy plan (Oct. 2). 1979 Charan Singh became PM., Mother Teresa won the Nobel Peace Prize. 1980 Indira Gandhi returns to power at centre, India launches first satellite using its own satellite launching vehicle (July. 18). HISTORICAL EVENTS A.D 1853 185758 1858 1861 1869 1885 1905 1906 1909 1911 1914 1918 1919 1920 1921 1922 1923 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 First Indian railway from Bombay to Thane. First war of Indian Independence. British crown takes over the Indian Government; End of East India Company's rule. Birth of Rabindra Nath Tagore. Birth of M.K. Gandhi. Formation of Indian National Congress. Partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon. Formation of All India Muslim League. Minto-Morley Reforms. Delhi durbar held, partition of Bengal cancelled, capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi. World War I started. End of World War I. Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Montague- Chelmsford reforms. Non-cooperation Movement launched, Moplah rebellian in Malabar; visit of Prince of Wales. Chauri-Chaura incidence. Swaraj party formed. Simon Commission appointed. Visit of Simon Commission to India, death of Lala Lajpat Rai. Congress demanded'Poorna Swaraj'in Lahore session. January 26 celebrated as Independence Day throughout India, Dandi Salt Satyagraha, First Round Table conference. Gandhi-lrvin Pact, Second Round Table Conference. Suppression of Congress Movement, Third Round Table Conference, Communal Award, Poona Pact.

1935 1937 1939 1942 1945 1946 1947

Government of India Act. Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy. Congress ministries formed in 8 out of 11 provinces. Resignation of Congress ministries, beginning of World War II. Cripps Mission Plan, Quit India Movement, Formation of Indian National Army by S.C. Bose. Simla conference held and the failure of Wavell Plan, INA trials at Red Fort, Delhi. Cabinet Mission Plan, Formation of Interim Government, Direct Action Resolution by Muslim League. Mountbatten Plan of June 3 in which partition of India resolution is proposed, India divided, Pakistan created, both achieve independence, Jawarhar Lai Nehru becomes the I Prime Minister of India. Assassination of Mahatma Gandhi (Jan. 30). India became republic (Jan. 26). First Five Year Plan implemented. First General Elections held. Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary conquer Mt. Everest (May 29). Panchsheel agreement between India and China. Life insurance nationalized, State Reorganising Act comes into force. Second General Elections. Metric system of weights and measures introduced. Dalai Lama exiled; enters India. Liberation of Goa. Chinese attack on India. (Oct 20). Jawaharlal Nehru dies; Lai Bahadur Shastri becomes PM. Indo-Pak war. Tashkent Agreement reached, Death of Lai Bahadur Shastri, Indira Gandhi became PM. Dr. Zakir Hussain elected President. Hargovind Khurana shares the Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology. Death of. President Zakir Hussain (May 3). V. V. Giri elected President, Nationalization of 14 leading banks, Split in Indian National Congress. Former Indian ruler's privy purses abolished. Dr. C. V. Raman died (Nov. 2). Indo-Pak War over Bangladesh. Shimla Agreement signed. Manekshaw named India's first Field Marshal

1948 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1956 1957 1958 1959 1961 1962 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973

1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980

Nuclear explosion at Pokhran (May 18). Indian satellite 'Aryabhatta' launched, National emergency declared. The four Indian News agencies merged into a single News Agency known as 'Samachar', life of Lok Sabha extended by an year. Defeat of Mrs. Indira Gandhi in the election, Morarji Desai takes over as PM, emergency withdrawn. India launches world's biggest adult literacy plan (Oct. 2). Charan Singh became PM., Mother Teresa won the Nobel Peace Prize. Indira Gandhi returns to power at centre, India launches first satellite using its own satellite launching vehicle (July. 18).

Nobel Prize Winner - 2012 Winner's Name Serge Haroche and David J. Wineland Mo Yan Field Physics Country France, USA Work For ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems. Mo Yan "who with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history and the contemporary".

Literature China

Robert J. Chemistry Both are For studies of G-protein-coupled receptors Lefkowitz and from USA Brian K. Kobilka Sir John B. Gurdon and Shinya Yamanaka Nobel Peace Prize 2012 Medicine UK, Japan For the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent.

Peace

Europe

The Nobel Peace Prize 2012 was awarded to European Union EU) "for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe".

Alvin E. Roth and Lloyd S. Shapley

Economics Both are For the theory of stable allocations and the practice of from USA market design.

Nobel Prize Winner - 2011 Winner's Field Country Work

Name Saul Perlmutter Physics Brian P. Schmidt Adam G. Riess Bruce A. Beutler Jules A. Hoffmann Ralph M. Steinman Tomas Transtrmer Medicine USA Australia USA For the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae.

Dan Shechtman Chemistry Israel

For the discovery of quasicrystals.

USA For their discoveries concerning the activation of Luxembourg innate immunity" and the other half to Ralph M. Canada Steinman "for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity.

Literature Sweden

Because, through his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality. For their empirical research on cause and effect in the macroeconomy.

Thomas J. Economics USA Sargent USA Christopher A. Sims Ellen Johnson Sirleaf Leymah Gbowee Tawakkul Karman Peace Liberia Liberia Yemen

For their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for womens rights to full participation in peacebuilding work.

Nobel Prize Winner - 2010 Winner's Name Field Konstantin Novoselov Andre Geim Liu Xiaobo Physics Country Work Russia For groundbreaking experiments regarding the twodimensional material graphene. The Nobel Peace Prize 2010 was awarded to Liu Xiaobo "for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China". For his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat. For the development of in vitro fertilization. For palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic

Peace

China

Mario Vargas Llosa Robert G. Edwards

Literature Peru

Medicine

UK

Richard F. Heck Chemistry USA

Ei-ichi Negishi Akira Suzuki Peter A. Diamond Dale T. Mortensen Christopher A. Pissarides

USA Japan Economics USA USA UK

synthesis. For their analysis of markets with search frictions.

Nobel Prize Winner - 2009 Winner's Name Field Elizabeth Blackburn Carol Greider Jack Szostak Medicine Country Work USA For the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase.

Charles K. Kao Physics Willard S. Boyle George E. Smith

USA

For groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication. And the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit the CCD sensor. For studies of the structure and function of the ribosome

V. Ramakrishnan Chemistry UK Thomas A. Steitz USA Ada E. Yonath Israel Barack Obama Herta Mller Elinor Ostrom Oliver E. Williamson Peace USA

For his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples.

Literature Germany For the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed. Economics USA For her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons. For his analysis of economic governance, especially the boundaries of the firm.

Classical Dances in India, Folk Dances in India, Tribal Dances in India Classical Dances of India Dance Bharat Natyam Bihu State Tamil Nadu Assam

Bhangra Chhau Garhwali Garba Hattari Kathak Kathakali Kutchipudi Khantumm Karma Laho Mohiniattam Mando Manipuri Nati Nat-Natin Odissi Rauf Yakshagan

Punjab Bihar, Orissa, W. Bengal and Jharkhand Uttaranchal Gujarat Karnataka North India Kerala Andhra Pradesh Mizoram Madhya Pradesh Meghalaya Kerala Goa Manipur Himachal Pradesh Bihar Orissa Jammu & Kashmir Karnataka

Folk Dances in India and Tribal Dances in India States Maharashtra Karnataka Kerala Tamil Nadu Andhra Pradesh Orissa West Bengal Assam Punjab J&K Dances Kathakeertan, Lezin, Dandaniya, Tamasha, Gafa, Dahikala, Lovani, Mauni, Dasavtar. Huttari, Suggi Kunitha, Yakashagana Kaikottikali, Kaliyattam, Tappatikkali Kolattam, Pinnal Kolattam, Kummi, Kavadi, Karagam Ghanta Mardala, Veedhi Natakam, Burrakatha Ghumara Sanchar, Chadya Dandanata, Chhau Kathi, Chhau, Baul, Kirtan, Jatra, Lama Bihu, Khel Gopal, Rash Lila, Tabal Chongli, Canoe Giddha (women), Bhangra (men) Rauf, Hikat

Himachal Pradesh Haryana Gujarat Rajasthan Bihar Uttar Pradesh

Jhora, Jhali, Dangli, Mahasu, Jadda, Jhainta, Chharhi Jhumar, Ras Leela, Phag dance, Daph, Dhamal, Loor, Gugga, Khoria, Gagor Garba, Dandiya Rass, Tippani, Gomph Ginad, Chakri, Gangore, Terahtaal, Khayal, Jhulan Leela, Jhuma, Suisini Jata Jatin, Jadur, Chhau, Kathaputli, Bakho, Jhijhiya, Samochakwa, Karma, Jatra, Natna Nautanki, Thora, Chappeli, Raslila, Kajri.

Famous Dancer Bharatnatyam Bala Saraswati, C. V. Chandrasekhar, Leela Samson, Mrinalini Sarabhai, Padma Subramanyam, Rukmini Devi, Sanyukta Panigrahi, Sonal Mansingh, Yamini Krishnamurti Kathak Kuchipudi Manipuri Bharti Gupta, Birju Maharaj, Damayanti Joshi, Durga Das, Gopi Krishna, Kumudini Lakhia, Sambhu Maharaj, Sitara Devi Josyula Seetharamaiah, Vempathi Chinna Sthyam Guru Bipin Sinha, Jhaveri Sisters, Nayana Jhaveri, Nirmala Mehta, Savita Mehta Debaprasad Das, Dhirendra Nath Pattnaik, Indrani Rahman, Kelucharan Mahapatra, Priyambaba Mohanty, Sonal Mansingh Ali Akbar Khan, Allaudin Khan, Amjad Ali Khan, Buddhadev Dasgupta, Bahadur Khan, Sharan Rani, Zarin S. Sharma Alla Rakha Khan, Kishan Maharaj, Nikhil Ghosh, Zakir Hussain Baluswamy Dikshitar, Gajanan Rao Joshi, Lalgudi G. Jayaraman, M. S. Gopala krishnan, Mysore T. Chowdiah, T. N. Krishnan Bismillah Khan Nikhil Banerjee, Ravi Shankar, Vilayat Khan, Hara Shankar Bhattacharya Hari Prasad Chaurasia, Pannalal Ghose, T. R. Mahalingam K. R. Kumaraswamy lyer, Doraiswami lyengar Shubha Mudgal, Bheemsen Joshi, Madhup Mudgal, Mukul Shivputra, Pandit Jasraj, Parveen Sultana, Naina Devi, Girija Devi, Ustad Ghulam Mustafa Khan, Gangubai Hangal, Krishna Hangal, V. Rajput, Kumar Gandharva, Faiyyaz Khan, Mallikarjun Mansur, Kishori Amonkar, Ustad Rashid Khan. M. S. Subbalakshmi, Balamuralikrishna, Bombay Jaishree, H. K. Raghavendra, H. K. Venkataram, Sitarajam, Mani Krishnaswamy, Akhil Krishnan, M. L. Vasanthakumari, M. D. Ramanathan, G. N. Balasubramaniam

Instrumentalists Sarod Tabla Violin Shehnal Sitar Flute Veena Vocalists Hindustani

Carnatic

Thumri Quwwali Dhrupad

Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan, Ustad Mazhar Ali Khan, Ustad Zawad Ali Khan, Rita Ganguli, Poornima Chaudhary, Shanti Heerananda, Naina Devi Ghulam Hasan Niyazi, Sultan Niyazi, Ghulam Farid Nizami, Chand Nizami, Iqbal Hussain Khan Bandanawaji, Aslam Sabari Ustad Rahim Fahimuddin Dagar, Zahiruddin Dagar, Waslfuddin Dagar, Bundecha Bandhu, Uday Bhawalkar, Pt. Abhay Narayan Mallick, Pt. Ritwik Sanyal

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