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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

S mm

(1):


:
. SPh
. SN
:
g U -
.
g I.t
.
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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

S mm

(2):


:
.
:
g . Unburied Cabls
g . Buried Cabls

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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SPh mm

(1):

:
g :

Cu - . Alu -

PVC . XLPE

g ) . L ( m

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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SPh mm
k

(2):

(1):

: Unburied Cables
: k1 g .
: k2 g .

: k2 :
: 0.80 E . 2
: 0.73 E . 3
: 0.70 E 4 . 5

: k3 g ) . ( = + 30C

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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SPh mm
k

(3):

(2):

: Buried Cables
: k4 g .
: k5 g .

: k5 .
: 0.80 E . 2
: 0.73 E . 3
: 0.70 E 4 . 5

: k6 g ) ( .
: k7 g ) . ( = + 20C
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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SPh mm
k

(4):

(3):


:
g :

k = k1 x k2 x k2 x k3
g :

k = k4 x k5 x k5 x k6 x k7
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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SPh mm

(5):

: Ib
Ib :
g :

g :

P
= Ib
3 . U . Cos
P
V . Cos

= Ib

.
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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SPh mm

(6):

: Ib
Ib :
g :

: ks .
: ku .

} ) Ib = ks { ( Ib1 x ku1 ) + ( Ib2 x ku2 ) + + ( Ibn x kun

.
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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SPh mm

(7):

: Ib
Ib
.
) (

:

Irms = Ih1 + Ih3 + Ih5 + + Ihn


.
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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SPh mm

(8):

: Iz
Iz
:

Iz = Ib / k


Smm
.
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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SPh mm
U

(9):

(1):

U -
.
:

U = 3 x I x Z
) U = 3 x I x ( R . Cos + X . Sin
R X .
Cos Sin .
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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SPh mm
U

( 10 ) :

(2):

U - :
g .
g ) ( .

U -

. U 10 %

.
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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SN mm

(1):


:
.
: Ph + N
.
: 3Ph + N :
g .

32

g .
g .
/33

33

East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SN mm

(2):

SN :

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SN

> . SPh

SN

= . SPh

SN

< . SPh

East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SN mm

SN

(3):

> : SPh


:
g 16 mm 25 mm .
g 16 mm 25 mm
.
g .
g . 15 %
.
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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SN mm

SN

(4):

= : SPh


:
g 16 mm 25 mm .
g .
g . 15 % < Ih3 < 33 %
.

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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

SN mm

SN

(5):

< : SPh


:
g .
g . > 33 %

.

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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

)(1
400 V , 50 Hz

:
g + .
g . Cos = 0.85 105 kW
g Cos = 0.50 400 A

Cu , PVC
230 m

:
g
g
g
g
g

PVC . L= 230 m
B ) ( .
. = 40C
2 .
U = 5 % :

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k1 = 0.95
k2 = 0.85
k3 = 0.87

Load
3Ph+N

P = 105 kW
Cos = 0.85
Irush = 400 A
Cos = 0.50

k3 = 0.87 k2 = 0.85 k1 = 0.95


East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

)(1

:
:

400 V , 50 Hz

In = 180 A

Cu , PVC

230 m

k = 0.95 x 0.85 x 0.87 = 0.702

k1 = 0.95
k2 = 0.85
k3 = 0.87

Iz = 180 0.702 = 256 A


:

Iz = 2 x 144 = 288 A
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SPh = 2 x 50 mm2

Load
3Ph+N

P = 105 kW
Cos = 0.85
Irush = 400 A
Cos = 0.50

East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

)(1

:

:

400 V , 50 Hz

SPh > SN
:

Iz = 1 x 144 = 144 A

Cu , PVC
230 m

k2 = 0.85
k3 = 0.87

SN = 1 x 50 mm2
Load
3Ph+N

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k1 = 0.95

P = 105 kW
Cos = 0.85
Irush = 400 A
Cos = 0.50

East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

)(1
(1):


:
:
) U = 3 x 180 ( 0.053 x 0.85 + 0.035 x 0.52
U = 19.69 V

400 V , 50 Hz

Cu , PVC
230 m

U = 4.92 %
:
) U = 3 x 400 ( 0.053 x 0.50 + 0.035 x 0.86
U = 39.16 V

U = 9.79 %
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k1 = 0.95
k2 = 0.85
k3 = 0.87

Load
3Ph+N

P = 105 kW
Cos = 0.85
Irush = 400 A
Cos = 0.50

East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

)(1
(2):



:
:
) U = 3 x 400 ( 0.053 x 0.85 + 0.035 x 0.52
U = 43.77 V

400 V , 50 Hz

Cu , PVC
230 m

k1 = 0.95
k2 = 0.85
k3 = 0.87

U = 10.95 %
.

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Load
3Ph+N

P = 105 kW
Cos = 0.85
Irush = 400 A
Cos = 0.50

East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

)(2

: :

400 V , 50 Hz

Ih5 = 38 % Ih3 = 65 % g
Ih9 = 5 % Ih7 = 25 % g
Cu , PVC

: .

230 m

k1 = 0.95
k2 = 0.85
k3 = 0.87
+
Harmonics

Load
3Ph+N

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P = 105 kW
Cos = 0.85
Irush = 400 A
Cos = 0.50

East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

)(2
(1):

400 V , 50 Hz

In = 180 A

Cu , PVC

230 m

Irms = 180 1 + 0.65 + 0.38 + 0.25 + 0.05

k1 = 0.95
k2 = 0.85
k3 = 0.87
+
Harmonics

Irms = 180 x 1.277 = 230 A

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Load
3Ph+N

P = 105 kW
Cos = 0.85
Irush = 400 A
Cos = 0.50

East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

)(2
(2):

400 V , 50 Hz

k = 0.95 x 0.85 x 0.87 = 0.702

Cu , PVC

230 m

Iz = 230 0.702 = 328 A

Iz = 2 x 184 = 368 A

k2 = 0.85
k3 = 0.87
+
Harmonics

SPh = 2 x 70 mm2
Load
3Ph+N

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k1 = 0.95

P = 105 kW
Cos = 0.85
Irush = 400 A
Cos = 0.50

East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

)(2
(1):

400 V , 50 Hz

) IN rms = 3 x ( Ih3 + Ih9


:

) IN rms = 3 x ( 0.65 x 180 + 0.05 x 180

Cu , PVC
230 m

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k2 = 0.85
k3 = 0.87
+
Harmonics

IN rms = 378 A

.

k1 = 0.95

Load
3Ph+N

P = 105 kW
Cos = 0.85
Irush = 400 A
Cos = 0.50

East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

)(2
(2):

400 V , 50 Hz

k = 0.95 x 0.85 x 0.87 = 0.702

Cu , PVC

230 m

Iz = 378 0.702 = 538 A

Iz = 3 x 184 = 552 A

k2 = 0.85
k3 = 0.87
+
Harmonics

SN = 3 x 70 mm2
Load
3Ph+N

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k1 = 0.95

P = 105 kW
Cos = 0.85
Irush = 400 A
Cos = 0.50

East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

Thermal Stress

(1):

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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

Thermal Stress

(2):

I.t = k.S
:
: I g . A
: t g . sec
: S g . mm
: k g :

143 : XLPE 94 .

115 : PVC 76 .

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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

Thermal Stress

(3):


:
g t :

t = k.S / I
. t 5 sec
g

k.S

Thermal Stress Withstand ( k.S ) > Energy Let Through


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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

:
I2 =15A

IN =9.1A
I1 = 20A

IN =17.3A
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I3 =10A
East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2

: Ih3

:

IR3 = I3. Sin ( 2 x 150 x t ) = I3. Sin ( 2 x 50 x 3 x t ) = I3. Sin 3t
IS3 = I3. Sin 3( t-2/3 ) = I3. Sin ( 3t-2 ) = I3. Sin 3t = IR3
IT3 = I3. Sin 3( t-4/3 ) = I3. Sin ( 3t-4 ) = I3. Sin 3t = IR3
:
IR3 + IS3 + IT3 = 3 x IR3

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East Med / SE Sy / Sec. Cables V2