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MEDICINAL PLANTS

Species Name FAMILY NAME Local Names Common Names Parts Used Medicinal Use(S)

Fevers, gonorrhoea, dysentery, catarrhal


1 Abelmoschus esculentus Malvaceae Ila,okweje,kubewa Okra,lady's finger Fruit, seeds
infections,emollient,antispasmodic, tonic.

Oju-
ologbo,omisinminsin,mese Colds,cough, convulsion, rheumatism,
Crab’s eye,rosary
2 Abrus precatorius Leguminosae nmesen,iwere-jeje,Olorun Root, leaves,seeds conjunctivitis,contraceptive,antimicrobials,aphrodisiac,ulcer,anae
pea,love nut,jequirity
yin- mia,antidote poison
ni,otoberebere,idonzakara

3 Abutilon mauritianum Malvaceae Furu,kawo African Mallow,thutt Leaves, root Diarrhoea, gonorrhoea,antipyretic,cough,piles

Ihun,ewon-
4 Acacia ataxacantha Mimosaceae Benin rope Acacia Young leaves Dysentery,backache
adele,sarkakiyaa,uke.

5 Acacia auriculiformis Leguminosae Kasia eleti Earleaf acacia Bark Astringent

6 Acacia nilotica Mimosaceae Baani,booni,gabaruwa Acacia,Egyptian mimosa Fruits,bark,exudate Skin diseases,fungal infections,insomnia,emollient.

Bark,stem-
7 Acacia sieberiana Mimosaceae Siyi,sie,farakaya Acacia Anti-cancer,antipyretic,astringent,kidney disease,taeniacide
twigs,roots,leaves,latex

Syphilis, asthma,,anthelmintics, ulcers,rheumatism, antimicrobial


8 Acalypha fimbriata Euphorbiaceae Jinwinini,kandiri Acalypha Leaves
& antifungal

9 Acalypha godseffiana Euphorbiaceae Jinwinini Acalypha Leaves, twigs Skin infection, Antimicrobials

Cat's tail,chenille
10 Acalypha hispida Euphorbiaceae Jiwene, Jinwinini Leaves, twigs Skin rashes, antimicrobial
plant,medusa's locks
Copper leaf, beef steak
11 Acalypha wilkesiana Euphorbiaceae Jiwene, Jinwinini Leaves,twigs Skin rashes,antimicrobials,flatulence,constipation
plant

Dangunro-gogoro Yellow Fever ,tuberculosis,stomach


12 Acanthospermum hispidum Compositae Starburr Leaves,whole plant
,kaashinyaawo disorder,cough,purgative,rheumatism,migraine

Ahon-ekun,irunmu-
Bear's breech,white's Syphilis, cough, emetic, urethral discharge,
13 Acanthus montanus Acanthacease arugbo,inyinyiogwu,ogwud Stem-twig, leaves,roots
ginger,leopard's tongue purgative,boils,anaemia,anthelmintics
urunwashihshi

Yarrow,nose-
14 Achillea millefolium Compositae Yaro bleed,sneeze- Flowers,leaves,seeds Haemostatic,wound,astringent,diaphoretic,piles
wort,millefoil

Aboro,Abora hakoorin- Stomach disorders, Abortion, diarrhoea, dysentery, skin


15 Achyranthes aspera Amaranthaceae Rough-Chaff herb Leaves,roots
maciijii diseases,Malaria, venereal diseases, haemostatic, cold

Malaria, asthma,diarrhoea, kidney and bladder diseases,


Ose,Igi-
16 Adansonia digitata Bombacaceae Baobab Leaves,fruit pulp,bark demulcent, prophylactic,antihistaminic,skin
ose,kukaa,kulambali
diseases,caries,antimicrobial.

Hypertension, nervous disorder, stress, cough, gonorrhoea,


17 Adenia cissampeloides Passifloraceae Arokeke, Godogbo Adenia Leaves, Stem-bark
antimicrobial.

Cough, bronchitis,urinary tract infections, fever,stem-pulp is an


Leaves, roots, stem-bark,
18 Adenia venenata Passifloraceae Dodo, Yaga, Arokeke,oti, Akerbia aphrodisiac, syphilis,
fruits
gonorrhoea,anagelsic,diuretic,hypertension,fish poison

19 Adenium Obesum Apoynaceae Gariya Stem, roots, fruit,juice Wound dressing, ulces, cardiac tonic, venereal diseases.

20 Adhatoda buchhoizii Acanthaceae Fruits, whole plant Rheumatism, antiinflammatory, fish poison

Eweowo, aje, Efun- Ulcers, wounds, snake bite, diuretic, purgative, anthelmintic,sore
21 Aerva lanata Amaranthaceae Bhadram,cherula Whole plant
ile,Alhaji,Furfurata,fatumi throat,kidney and bladder stones
22 Afraegle paniculata Rutaceae Sanga Kokodi Leaves,bark,roots Gastro-intestinal disorders, antispasmodic,skin diseases

23 Aframomum granum-paradisi Zingiberaceae Oburo-wawa Afromum lilies Roots Anthelmintics

Stimulant, smallpox, chicken pox,


Ata-ire,atare,itaye,ose Alligator pepper,grains of
24 Aframomum melegueta Zingiberaceae Leaves,seeds stimulant,anthelmintics,wounds,coughs,anaemia,rheumatism,mea
oji,citta,gyandamaryaji paradise
sles,malaria,toothache

25 Aframomum sceptrum Zingiberaceae Oburo-etu,oboro,oguro Bear berry Seeds,leaves Measles,smallpox,lumbago,stimulant.

Intoxicant, headache, body


Shedun,makarfo,abua
26 Afrormosia laxiflora Leguminosae Kulkuli Root pains,headache,ophthalmia,anticonvulsant,rat ovulation blocked
ocha
through effect on pituitary gland

Apa-Igbo, Root,leaves,stem- Gonorrhoea, stomach


27 Afzelia africana Leguminosae Apa,pod mahogany
Apa,kawo,akpalata bark,seeds. disorders,hernia,lumbago,febrifuge,antiemetic

28 Agelaea obliqua Connaraceae Esura, Okun Horse tamarind Leaves Childbirth (Relaxation of Muscles)

Conjunctivitis, ring-worm, impotence, purgative, craw-craw, tooth


29 Agelenopsis chevaleri Olacaceae Igo Agelenopsis,igo Bark, roots, seeds, leaves
ache, mumps.

Wounds, ulcers, craw-craw, digestive disturbance,


Imi-esu, ula
30 Ageratum conyzoides Compositae Goat weed Whole plant, leaves, root diarrhoea,emetic,skin diseases,antipyretic,gonorrhoea,sleeping
ujula,urata,ahenhen
sickness,eye wash

Alafia chewing stick,


31 Alafia barteri Apocynaceae Agbari etu Roots,leaves. Sickle cell anaemia,rheumatic pains,toothache,eye infections
guinea-fowl's crest

Banabana
32 Albizia adianthifolia Leguminosae Ayinreta,igbabo,afema,avu Flatcrown albizia Bark Gonorrhoea,night blindness,piles,anthelmintics,cough
,tsintsiyar,kurmii
33 Albizia ferruginea Leguminosae Ayinre ogo,ngu,kurmii False thorn albizia Root, stem bark,leaves Dysentery, constipation,fish poison

34 Albizia lebbeck Leguminosae Igbagbo Silk flower,lebbeck Seeds, Leaves, Stem-bark Astringent, mouthwash, river-blindness, gonorrhoea

35 Albizia zygia Leguminosae Ayinre-weere,kurmii Okuro,atanza,siris Bark Arthritis,sprain

Ipa, esinsin, Fever, rheumatism,antimicrobials


36 Alchornea cordifolia Euphorbiaceae Christmas bush Leaves, stem,bark,twig
eepa,bambami,ububo ,diuretic,purgative,toothache,cough,sore,gonorrhoea,insomnia

Chewing sticks, venereal diseases,emmenagogue,ring


37 Alchornea laxiflora Euphorbiaceae Pepe, Ijan Three-veined bead string Stem,roots,leaves
worm,antioxidant,(leaves traditional wraps for cola nuts).

Yellow allamanda,angel's
38 Allamanda cathartica Apocynaceae Ododo-alamanda trumpet,butter- Roots Antimicrobials,malaria,dysentery,cathartic.
cup,golden trumpet

Orogbo Root, leaves, stem-bark,


39 Allanblackia floribunda Guttiferae Fallow tree Malaria, dysentery, toothache, chicken pox small pox, measles
erin,egba,nkpukpotiri fruit

Alubosa-elewe,albasa
40 Allium ascalonicum Liliaceae Shallot,spring onion Leaves, bulb Convulsion,dysentery.
maigo

Alubosa,albasa,yabase,al Cough,diuretic,anthelmintics,skin diseases,weak erection,anti-


41 Allium cepa Liliaceae Onion Bulb,leaves
basa gudaji tumour,rubefacient, throat infection.

Fever, coughs, asthma, dilated


42 Allium sativum Liliaceae Ayo, ayuu Garlic Bulb bronchi.,flatulence,anthelmintic,ringworm,antibiotic,diuretic,emme
nagogue,antimicrobials,blood tonic, Malaria.

Eekan-ehoro,alarto, odu-
43 Allophylus africanus Sapindaceae African false currant Leaves, roots, bark Diarrhoea, pile, toothache,anthelmintics,venereal diseases,cough
oko,
Ringworm,anthelmintics,aphrodisiac,amenorrhoea,cough,skin
Eti erin, ida-egun,ida-
44 Aloe barteri Liliaceae Aloe Leaves infections,astringent,antitumour,pile,fruits for preventing snake
orisa,moda.
bite,

Purgative,guineaworms,hair care,skin
45 Aloe vera Liliaceae Ahon erin Barbados Aloe Leaves juice diseases,wound,diabetes,amenorrhoea,breast cancer,immune
booster

Breast development, filaria worms,anthelmintics, antidote, malaria


46 Alstonia boonei Apocynaceae Awun, ahun,eghu,akpi Stool wood,pattern wood Root, bark, leaves
fever, yellow fever,anti-periodic

47 Alstonia congensis Apocynaceae Ahun,egbu Stool wood Bark Malaria, astringent, toothache.

Dysentery, antimicrobials,dysmenorrhea,filariasis,fracture,joint
48 Alternanthera repens Amaranthaceae Dagunro Joyweed Whole plant
pains

49 Alternanthera sessilis Amaranthaceae Reku-reku,maikai dubu Alternanthera Whole plant, leaves. Astringent, antibacterial, boil, headache, antidote to snake-bite.

50 Amaralia bignoniflora Rubiaceae Unemuo Leaves, seeds Cough, heart burn, rheumatic pain

Tete-elegun-un,
Abdominal pain, ulcers,
51 Amaranthus spinosus Amaranthaceae Dagunro,manijingasaya, Prickly amaranthus Whole plant
gonorrhoea.,astringent,menorrhagia,diarrhoea,dysentery,eczema
inine ogwu

Tete-abalaye,tete- Green amaranth,slender Anthelmintics,dysentery,antispasmodic,diuretic,gonorrhoea,eye


52 Amaranthus viridis Amaranthaceae Leaves,roots
kekere,atite,malan kotshi amaranth disease.

53 Ambrosia maritima Compositae Matsermama,markarfo Whole plant Syphilis,hypertension,anti-tumour,stimulant

54 Ambrosia maritima Compositae Tutu bidi Leaves Fever, inflammation


Amorphophallus
55 Anacardiaceae Gwazar glwa, gaadali Tubers Asthma, piles, snakebite remedy, arrow poison
dracantioides

Malaria, elephantiasis, leprosy,


Kasu,kanju,akwe
56 Anacardium occidentale Anacardaceae Cashew nut tree Bark, leaf, fruit ringworms,scurvy,diabetes,warts,anthelmintics,typhoid
olu,okpokpo
fever,caries.

Ope-Oyinbo,ekunkun,ehin-
57 Ananas comosus Bromeliaceae Pineapple Unripe fruit, juice,ripe fruit Digestive problems,typhoid fever,cough,anthelmintics
ahun,abarba,nkwe aba

Abirisoko,langbodo,ogirisa
58 Anchomanes difformis Araceae Anchomanes Roots Diuretics,purgative,gonorrhoea
ko,hantsar gada, oje

Dog almond,bastard
59 Andira inermis Araceae Gwaska Bark ,seeds Skin diseases,anthelmintics
mahogany

60 Aneilema hockii Commelinaceae Godobo-funfun Root Aphrodislac, female infertility.

61 Annona muricata Annonaceae Sharp-sharp Sour sop Leaves,fruit, Fever,dysentery

Cancer, dysentery, cough,venereal


Abo, Ibobo,gwandar African custard
62 Annona senegalensis Annonaceae Root, bark, leaves, seeds diseases,toothache,astringent,anthelmintic,ease labour,eye
daji,uburu ocha apple,Gwanda-daji
drops, tumour out growth,anti-bee sting.

63 Annona squamosa Annonaceae Sharp-sharp,mbugo ago Sweet sop,pineapple tree Leaves,fruit,stem Anaemia, dysentery,abortifacient,ulcer,anti-tumour

64 Anogeissus leiocarpus Combretaceae Ayin,marike,atara Axlewood Bark,leaves,seds Antipyretic,taeniacide,skin diseases

65 Anonidium Manni Annonaceae Ewuro-Igbo Bark Diarrhoea, cough, sores, fever, rheumatism
Skin diseases – rashes and eczema,
66 Anthocleista djalonensis Loganiaceae Shapo,kwari Cabbage tree Bark,leaves
diabetes,antipyretic,purgative,abdominal pain,impotence

67 Anthocleista liebrechtsiana Loganiaceae Shapo,kwari Leaves, bark Purgative, skin infection, antimicrobial.

68 Anthocleista vogelii Loganiaceae Apa oro,sapo,kwari Seeds,bark Antidote for snake bite,purgative

69 Anthonotha macrophylla Leguminosae Abara,apado,agbagba Latex, bark Gonorrhoea, dysentery, diarrhea,yellow fever.

False iroko,oroo,upas
Ooro, Oriro, Ayo, farin
70 Antiaris africana Moraceae tree,black Stem-bark, root bark,sap Epilepsy,lumbago,skin irritant,purgative,nervous disorders
loko,ojianwu,ajagha -dibia
mulberry,bonobo

71 Antidesma venosum Euphorbiaceae Aroro Stem bark Anthelmintics

72 Antigonon leptopus Polygonaceae Coral vine Leaves Antimicrobial.

73 Antrocaryon micraster Anacardiaceae Ifa-Okete, Egin-agbo Leaves, fruit General toxic, laxative, cough, stomachae

Aphrodisiac,emmenagogue,anthelmintics,carminative,antispasmo
74 Apium graveolens Apiaceae Seleri-saladi Celery Whole plant
dic,stimulant,diuretic,cough

75 Arachis hypogea Leguminosae Epa Ground nut,pea nut Nuts Oil as solvent ,antimicrobials,insomnia

Urinary tract infection, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, astingent,


76 Areca catechu Palmae Betel nut Nut
carminative.
Ekan-Ekun, Egun- Mexican poppy,prickly Whole plant, latex, roots, Jaundice, gonorrhoea, skin
77 Argemone mexicana Papaveraceae
arugbo,kwarkoro poppy seeds diseases,diuretics,blennorhoea,tapeworms,abscesses

78 Argyreia nervosa Convolvulaceae Elephant creeper Root, leaves. Nervous disorder, skin infection, gonorrhoea, aphrodisiac.

79 Aristida adscensionis Poaceae Oka-olongo,garasa Whole plant Improves lactation

Dutchman's pipe, Snake Guineaworm, skin diseases,typhoid, sores, antidote to snake


80 Aristolochia ringens Aristolochiaceae Ako-igun,duman dutsee Leaves,roots, whole plant.
work poison,emmenagogue,anthelmintics

81 Artemisia afra Compositae Tagargale Whole plant leaves Fevers, vermifuge

Bere fruit, Berefurutu,


82 Artocarpus altilis Moraceae Breadfruit Roots,fruits,wood Fevers,astringent,sedative
Jaloke.

Milk weed,wild
83 Asclepias curassavica Asclepiadaceae Rizgar-kurege ipecauanha,bloodflower, Roots Gastro-intestinal disorders,emetic
bastard ipecac

84 Asparagus africana Liliaceae Aluki,sarka Asparagus, Aye-kosun Whole plant Antimicrobials,sores,kidney diseases,diuretics.

Haemostatic,cleaning sores, corneal opacities, stomach


Yunyun,uranjilalu,kalankuw
85 Aspilia africana Compositae Haemorrhage plant Leaves, flowers disorders,tuberculosis,nervous disorders,guinea-
a
worm,gonorrhoea,skin rash.

86 Asystasia calyciana Acanthaceae Orole Leaves Skin diseases,weak erection,headache,childhood yaws

Senegal tea tree,orange Antidote for snake bite,astringent,antipruritic,piles,urethral


87 Asystasia gangetica Acanthaceae Lobiiri,inana,Ntiaturu Whole plant
hawkweed,chinese violet discharge,analgesic properties,antifungal,urological disorders
88 Aulacocalyx jasminiflora Rubiaceae Ogbondo Twigs Toothache

89 Avicennia africana Avicenniaceae Ogbun, Ofun Black Mangrove Leaves, stem, twigs Abortifacient,detergent

90 Axonopus compressus Poaceae Idi Tropical carpet grass Leaves Malaria fever, asthma,breast swelling.

Malaria, jaundice,syphilis,anthelmintics, skin


91 Azadirachta indica Meliaceae Eke-oyibo, Dongo-yaro Neem tree Leaves, stem bark, seeds
disease,eczema,ringworm,emetic,laxative,sore throat

92 Bacopo monnifera Scrophulariaceae Thyme leaves Whole plant Cough, catarrh, bronchitis, diarrhoea.

Zachun oil tree,Desert


93 Balanites aegyptiaca Zygophyllaceae Budare, aduuwa Roots, fruits,seeds,bark. Anthelmintics, skin diseases,antipyretic,emetic
date

Gonorrhoea,abortifacient,a,nthelmintics,emmenagogue,skin
94 Bambusa vulgaris Poaceae Oparun,Atosi Bamboo Leaves,young shoots
rashes of HIV/AIDS

95 Bandeiraea simplicifolia Leguminosae Kporekpo Leaves, bark Urinary disorder, cancerous growth.

Constipation, skin diseases, venereal


96 Baphia nitida Papilionaceae Irosun,Majigi,Ufie,Aboshi Cam wood Leaves, bark, roots,twigs
diseases,ringworm,enema,flatulence,smallpox

97 Baphia pubescens Papilionaceae Awewi, Urohun,Maajigii Benin Camwood Stem bark Urinary tract disorders,emetic, antimicrobial.

98 Barleria opaca Acanthaceae Arenikosun Leaves Jaundice, hemorrhoids, rheumatism, laxative, snakebite.
99 Basilicum polysiachyon Labiatae Whole plants Fever, cough, cold, nasal congestion

100 Bauhinia rubescens Caesalpiniaceae Jinga Root Fever, dysentery.

101 Bauhinia variegata Caesalpiniaceae Variegated Bauhinia Root, leaves, bark Skin diseases, arthelmintic, syphilis, astringent, alterative.

Apado,abaa,Dokar
102 Berlinia grandiflora Caesalpiniaceae Bark Ease labour, gastro-intestinal disorders
rafi,Ububa

Black jar,spanish
Abere-Oloko, Omo Flowers, leaves,whole Diarrhoea, abdominal disorders,enema,
103 Bidens pilosa Compositae needles,beggar's
langanran plant rheumaticism,coughs,anaesthetic,ease labour,antipyretics,caries
tick,hairy beggarticks

Bixa,arnatto dye
104 Bixa orellana Bixaceae Osun-buke,ulla,Ufie plant,ornatus,arnatoo,lips Fruits,seeds Malaria, fever,astringent,kidney diseases,skin diseases.
tick plant.

105 Blepharis maderaspatensis Acanthaceae Ewe-asaju, ewe-isaju Whole plant Snake-bite antidote

Malaria, migraine, dysentery,ease labour,hypoglycaemic


106 Blighia sapida Sapindaceae Isin,Okpu ulla,Gwanja kusa Akee apple Leaves, bark, fruit
agent,(note that coat is poisonous).

107 Blighia unijugata Sapindaceae Ako-isin Blighia Roots,leaves,stem-bark Diabetes,antipyretic,postnatal haemorrhage

108 Blumea auria Compositae Whole plant Antipyretic and gastro-intestinal problem

Ikulu,isajeje,ngai
109 Blumea perrottetiana Compositae Aruntaba, Eru-taba Leaves, roots,whole plant Pains,jaundice,malaria,anthelmintics,ulcer,dysentery
camphos
Etiponla, Skin diseases, small pox, jaundice,
110 Boerhaavia diffusa Nyctaginaceae Olowojeja,Baabaa Hogweed Whole herb gonorrhoea,diuretic,asthma,cough,antipyretis, (test for
juji,Akandom,Azeigwa pregnancy, through the itching of palm),scabies,yaws,jaundice

Eso,
111 Bombax buonopozense Bombaceae Olokododo,ponpola,Gurjiy Akata,red silk cotton tree Bark,leaves,fruits,flowers. Stomachache, blood tonic,emmenagogue,emollient
a,akpe,Ape otokoro

Agbon-olodu, agbon-
112 Borassus aethiopum Palmae African fan Palm Roots,juice of nut Respiratory disorders,asthma,headache
onidu,uburu,ubiri.

113 Borreria ocymoides Rubiaceae Irawo-ile,Otete Leaves, root, whole plant Gonorrhoea, astringent, skin infection.

Gonorrohea, skin
Irawo ile,Uniedi,Damfark'
114 Borreria verticillata Rubiaceae African borreria Leaves, roots diseases,dysentery,antibilharzia,abortifacient,diuretics,anti-
ami
leprosy

Malaria, jaundice, wound, stomachache, aphrodisiac, venereal


115 Boscia senegalensis Capparidaceae Anza Leaves, fruit, root
diseases, diabetes.

116 Bosqueia anglosensis Moraceae Gangaran, Saworo,Oze Saworo,bosqueia Leaves, stem bark Diarrhoea,menorrhagia

117 Boswellia dalzielii Burseraceae hano, janauhi Frankincense tree Bark, gum, roots Urinary disorder, antiseptic.

118 Boswellia spp Burseraceae Juguuhi Bark Anti snake venom

119 Brassica oleracea var capitata Cruciferae Kabeji Cabbage,sea cabbage Leaves,seeds Antimicrobial,skin diseases.

Insomnia,antipyretic, general care in


Ira, ira odan, ira
120 Bridelia ferruginea Euphorbiaceae Ira Leaves, bark,roots,fruits children,diabetes,antibacterials,dysentery,mouth
eju,Kirni,Ola,okukuu.
wash,gonorrhoea
121 Bridelia micrantha Euphorbiaceae Isa,asa,Oga ofia,Edede Mitzeeri sweetberry Leaves, roots,bark Laxative, young leaves chewed for headache,migraine.

122 Brillantaisia nitens Acanthaceae Ogwumadibia Leaves Diarrhoea

Yaws,diarrhoea,ease labour,dysmenorrhoea,chest
123 Brillantaisia patula Acanthaceae Owo Brillantaisia Leaves
pain,convulsion

124 Brucea antidysenterica Simaroubaceae Root bark Cancer, dysentery

125 Brunfelsia uniflora Solanaceae Roots Aphorodisiacs

Resurrection plant,life Cough,diarrhoea,dysentery,wounds,fever,sedatives,diuretic,absc


126 Bryophyllum pinnatum Crassulaceae Eru-odundun,abomoda Leaves,roots,,leaf sap
plant esses,antifungal,epilepsy, antimicrobial, anticancer.

127 Bryoria africana Cucurbitaceae Roots Purgative

Amuje wewe, ade,Kimbar


Jaundice, pile, gonorrhoea,venereal disease,impotence,anti-
128 Brysocarpus coccineus Connaraceae maharbe,Oka abole,Mgba Crimson thyme Root, leaves
tumour,ulcer
apepea

Antimicrobials, respiratory disorders,dysmenorrhoea,


129 Buchholzia coriacea Sterculiaceae Uworo, obi-ata Wonderful kola Fruit,bark
ulcer,fibroid,chest pains,anthelminthics

130 Burkea africana Caesalpiniaceae Apasa, orusi Burkea,wild seriga Bark, twigs Septic sores, headache,astringent

131 Bursoma abyssinica Melianthaceae Stem-bark Anthelmintic, cathartic.


Leaves, Bark, Flowers, Aphorodisiac, astringent, diuretic diabetes, leucorrhoea,
132 Butea frondosa Papilionaceae Flame of the forest
seeds antiseptic anthelmintic, cough, cold.

Shea butter
Emi-emi, Nasal decongestion and cattarhal
133 Butyrospermum paradoxum Sapotaceae tree,Vitellaria Seeds
emi,Osisi,Ka'danya condition,anthelmintic,hypertension,diuretic.
paradoxa,Kadanya.

Bonduc nut,physic nut,


134 Caesalpinia bonduc Leguminosae Ayoo Roots,leaves,seeds Fever,anthelmintics,respiratory diseases
yellow nicker

135 Caesalpinia cristata Caesalpiniaceae Bonduc nut, fever nut Leaves, roots, seeds Antipyretic, anthelmintic, astringent, asthma, colic.

136 Caesalpinia pulcherima Leguminosae Eko-omode Pride of Barbados Bark,leaves,seeds Purgative,emollient,abortifacient,emmenagogue.

Smallpox,chickenpox,diuretic,laxative,haemostatic,astringent,mea
137 Cajanus cajan Leguminosae Otili,Orela,viovio Pigeon pea Leaves, seeds
sles,mouth wash.

Christ plant,heart of
138 Caladium bicolor Araceae Eje-Jesu Leaves,rhizome. Topical application for boils,wound,ulcer,purgative,convulsion
Jesus

139 Calapogonium mucunoides Leguminosae Apalofa,Agbiri Crab grass Leaves Diarrhoea, skin infection.

140 Calendula officinalis Compositae Ododo-Maria Marigold Leaves,roots Ulcer,astringent

141 Calliandra haematocephala Leguminosae Tude,ule Calliandra Leaves Antimicrobials

Fevers,convulsions,breast engogement,stomach
142 Calliandra portoricensis Leguminosae Tude,ule,Oga,Mbuceioro Corpse awakener Leaves,twigs,roots
disorders,purgative,amenorrhoea,headache,lumbago
Bark,roots,seeds,stem
143 Caloncoba echinata Flacourtiaceae Ntuebi Caloncoba,Gorli Skin infections
exudate

144 Caloncoba glauca Flacourtiaceae Kakandika,pomuseghe Caloncoba Seeds, root, bark, leaf Leprosy, skin lesions,pustular skin eruptions,migraines

Alexandrian laurel, Dillo


145 Calophyllum inophyllum Guttiferae Leaves, bark, oil Eye infection, migraine, astringent, ulcers, gonorrhoea.
oil tree

Diarrhoea, dysentery, elephantiasis, leprosy,chronic


Giant milk weed,sodom
146 Calotropis procera Asclepiadaceae Bomubomu,Tumfatiya Leaves, root, bark,latex. eczema,ringworm,cough,diaphoretic,emetic,asthma,abortifacient,
apple
convulsion,antipyretic.

Origbo,
African elemi,aiele,bush
147 Canarium schweinfurthii Burseraceae Paapo,agbabubu,atile, Bark Black tongue, round worm, gonorrhoea,stomach disorders
candle tree
Mbiji

148 Canavalia ensiformis Leguminosae Ponpondo, sese-nla Sword bean,horse bean Seed Antibiotic, antiseptic

Idodo,ido,Gwangwama,Ab
149 Canna indica Cannaceae Indian shot Leaves Asthma, Malaria
erekanwo

Leaves, female
Diarrhoea, sores, migraine, whooping
150 Cannabis sativa Cannabinaceae Igbo Indian Hemp inflorescence,seeds,stem-
cough,sedative,dandruff,lice,gonorrhea,dyspepsia
twigs.

151 Canthium glabriflorum Rubiaceae Ajelora,Igi elera,Eze Stem,roots,leaves Cough,mental disorders

152 Capparis thonningii Cappararaceae Ekan-awodi, ewon ekiri Caper bush,kanthar Root Fever, headache, mental disorder,aphrodisiac,cough.

153 Capraria biflora Scrophulariaceae Root Antifungal agent.


Ata
154 Capsicum annuum Solanaceae rodo,sombo,tatase,Ose Bell pepper Fruits,seeds Carminative,stimulant,Vitamin C
oyinbo

Ata wewe,ata-eiye,Ose Fevers, dysentery,stimulant,carminative, malaria, ingredient of


155 Capsicum frutescens Solanaceae Chili pepper,bird pepper Fruits,seeds
mkpe,Taashi some herbal recipes.

Irere, Agogo,abo-
156 Carapa procera Meliaceae Monkey cola,crabwood Bark, seeds, leaves Purgative, ringworms, boils,rheumatic pains,antipyretic
oganwo,Nkwo

Shaworo,
Cardiospermum halicacabum Baloon vine, heart Skin eruption, piles, rheumatism, syphilitic
157 Sapindaceae erapoo,Mpikpo,Fadama,G Leaves, root
. seed,balsam apple sores,gonorrhea,ameorrhoea,emetic,nervous disorders
arafunin

Gonorrhoea, syphilis,amoebic
dysentery,roundworms,abortifacient,emmenagogue,diabetes,med
158 Carica papaya Caricaceae Ibepe,Ojo,gwanda Paw paw Leaves, seeds, fruits
icinal recipes,papain enzyme as meat
tenderizer,convulsion,mental disorder, malaria.

159 Carissa edulis Apocynaeae Bagozaki Roots, fruits Expectorant, abortifacient, venereal diseases

Agogo-igun, Apari-
160 Carpha procera Cyperaceae Bark Febrifuge, anthelmintic, appetizer, antiperiodic, purgative.
Igun,ogberi-akuko

161 Carpodinus dulcis Apocynacee Whole plant Galactagogure

Osunsun,Uziza,Aghba -
162 Carpolobia lutea Polygalaceae Cattlestick Leaves, bark Rheumatism,aphrodisiac,toothache
awa

163 Casearia barteri Samydaceae Ukpakuzon Stem, twig, bark Toothache, Oral hygeine

Omoniginigini,omonigele-
164 Cassytha filiformis Lauraceae Devil's gut,parasitic vine Stem twigs Anthelmintics, antimicrobials, antifungal
gele,sulunwahi.
Australian pine,horse-tail
165 Casuarina equisetifolia Casuarinaceae Leaves Antipyretic,salt tolerant tree
tree

Diabetes, hypertension, antileukaemic properties,


166 Catharanthus roseus Apocynaceae Apabida pupa Rose perinwinkle Leaves,whole plant
antitumour,dysentery,menorrhagia

Diabetes, fever,
White silk cotton Flowers, leaves,
167 Ceiba pentandra Bombacaceae Araba,egungun,Rimii,Akpu gonorrhoea,emollient,syphilis,emetic,astringent,demulcent,asthm
tree,kapok,fuma bark,exudate.
a,diabetes,menorrhagia

168 Celastrus indica Celastraceae Ponju-owiwi Bittersweet Roots,leaves,twigs Antimicrobial,anthelmintics,asthma,malaria

169 Celastrus paniculatus Celastraceae Mawo Olule Staff tree Bark,roots Abortion

Dysentery, oedemas, gonorrhoea, cancer, gastrointestinal


170 Celastrus senegalensis Celastraceae Isepolohun Bittersweet Leaves, stem root
troubles,vermifuge,mouth wash,laxative,aphrodisiac.

Soko-
171 Celosia argentea Amaranthaceae yokoto,Erimonu,Fara - Cockscomb Leaves, seeds Skin diseases, diarrhoea,,antiscorbutic,anthelmintic
alayatu

Marugbo sanyantan,
172 Celosia laxa Amaranthaceae Celosia Leaves Antiscorbutic, purgative
Ajemawofo,Mannafaa

173 Celosia trigyna Amaranthaceae Ajefowo,ajitan Celosia Leaves Anthelmintics,diuretic,astringent,chest pains,emmolient,sore

African Celtis, African


Ita-gidi, uta, ewon-
174 Celtis mildbraedii Ulmaceae hackberry,beaverwood,o Root Arthritis,fever,dysmenorrhoea.
agogo,Aziza
bia,nettle tree

175 Centaurea perrottetii Compositae Danyi Star thistle Whole plant,leaves Skin infections,fever,malaria,syphilis,ulcer
176 Centaurea praecox Compositae Whole plant Stomachic, purgative

177 Centella asiatica Umbelliferae Indian pennywort Whole plant Skin diseases, dysentery, elephantiasis, piles, diuretic.

178 Centrosema pubescens Leguminosae Ewa-ahun Fodder pea Leaves Skin diseases

179 Cephaelis manni Rubiaceae Leaves, bark, root Wounds, antipyretic, dysentery.

180 Cercestis afzelii Araceae Cercestis Leaves, Stem-bark Purgative.

181 Chasmanthera dependens Menispermaceae Ato-oloriraun Chasmanthera Roots Diuretics,antigonococcal,for management of fractures.

182 Chenopodium ambrosioides Chenopodiaceae Ewe-imi,asin,arunpale Wormwood Whole plant, leaves. Anthelmintics,emollient,rheumatism, tumour.

Akintola Antimicrobial, dysentery, headache,malaria


183 Chromolaena odorata Compositae Siam weed Leaves,stem-twigs
,Awolowo,Obiarakara fever,toothache,haemostatic,skin diseases.

184 Chrozophora senegalensis Euphorbiaceae Leaves Astringent, anthelmintics, rheumatism.

185 Chrysanthellum indicum Compositae Abilere, Oyigi Indian crysanthemum Whole plant Boils, fever, gonorrhoea, jaundice, heart-trouble,insecticide.

Chrysanthemum cinerariae
186 Compositae Pyrethrum Flower heads, leaves Fever, wounds, general debility, insecticide.
folium
Chrysobalanus,coco-
187 Chrysobalanus ellipticus Roseaceae Ikatee,Awonriwon Leaves, roots Diarrhoea
plum

188 Chrysophyllum albidum Sapotaceae Osanbalumo, Agbalumo African star apple Bark, leaves Fever,stomachaches,antiperiodic

189 Cinchona officinalis Rubiaceae Quinine tree Bark Malaria,anthelmintics, antibacterial.

Aromatic, astringent, typhoid fever, antimicrobial nauseae,


190 Cinnamomum Zeyianiam Lauraceae Cinnamon Bark, leaves, oil
vomiting, menorrhagia.

Lung diseases,emmenagogue,antipyretic,diuretic,skin
191 Cissampelos owariensis Menispermaceae Ewe jokoje,Damargaji Lungwort,velvet leaf Roots,whole plant
diseases,blood tonic

192 Cissus quadrangularis Vitaceae Ogbakiiki,Da'ddori Stemmed vine Tuber,stem Caries,dysmenorrhoea,urinary disorders

Bitter
Seeds,whole Antimicrobials,purgative,anthelmintics,head lice,bladder
193 Citrullus colocynthis Cucurbitaceae Egusi bara gourd,colocynth,vine of
plant,roots,fruit pulp. stone,contraceptive.
sodom,bitter apple.

Womb expeller, diuretic, cystitis, malaria, leucorrhoea,


194 Citrullus lanatus Cucurbitaceae Egusi-baara Water melon,cow melon Seeds, leaves,fruits,pulp
gonorrhoea,hypertension,whitlow.

Osan- Fever, jaundice,antimicrobials abdominal ulcer,


195 Citrus aurantifolia Rutaceae wewe,Dankabuya,Afotanta Lime,swing Leaves, stem, root, fruit gonorrhoea,carminative,hypertensive recipe,flavouring
,Epe nkirisi agent,measles,cough,toothache,anthelmintics,scurvy.

Osan, orombo-
Bitter orange,sour Cough, sore throat,
196 Citrus aurantium Rutaceae igun,gangan,Olomaoyibo,B Juice, roots, oil
orange stomachache,anthelmintics,malaria,carminative,typhoid fever.
abbaan leemu

Osan-laimu,oroma-
197 Citrus limon Rutaceae Lemon Fruits,leaves,bark,roots Antipyretic,cold,stomachic
nkirir,Babban leemui
Rind/external
198 Citrus paradisi Rutaceae Osan gerepu, osan paya. Grape fruit Antimicrobials,diabetes,astringent,emollient,demulcent, malaria.
coat,seeds,fruit

Dysentery, fever, headache,antimicrobial


199 Citrus sinensis Rutaceae Osanmimu, orombo didun Sweet orange Twigs,stem bark,fruits
agent,anthelmintics,toothache,antiscorbutic

200 Clappertonia ficifolia Malvaceae Bolobolo Bolobolo Leaves,roots Cough

Oboku, agbasa, atari- Cough, cold, abdominal pain, asthma, bronchitis,dysentery,


201 Clausena anisata Rutaceae Clausena Leaves, roots,bark
obuko arthritis,lumbago,malaria,anthelmintics,laxative,toothache.

202 Cleidon gaponicum Euphorbiaceae Twigs Toothache

Coughs,anthelmintics,antipyretic,respiratory
203 Cleistopholis paterns Annonaceae Apako Salt and oil tree Leaves,bark
diseases,tuberculosis,purgative

Wild mustard,cat's Earache, convulsions, sores,


204 Cleome ciliata Capparaceae Akuya-aaja, Ekuya Leaves, seeds
whiskers wounds,boils,anthelmintic,carminative,suppuration.

Rheumatism,
Bastard Mustard,cat's
205 Cleome gynandra Capparaceae Ekuye, ekuya,ipiya Leaves, seeds headache,disinfectant,earache,neuralgia,anthelmintic,ease
whiskers
labour.

206 Clerodendrum capitalum Verbenaceae Feregede,Illiri Hollow stems Leaves, root Anthelmintics, dysentry, gonorrhoea.

207 Clerodendrum paniculatum Verbenaceae Ora-ojola, adabi Garden quinine Roots, leaves Antipyretic, anthelmintics,venereal diseases, rheumatism,malaria

208 Clerodendrum umbellatum Verbenaceae Leaves Wounds, cut.


209 Clerodendrum volubile Verbenaceae Dagba Leaves, roots Venereal diseases, astringent, topical application, vermifuge.

210 Clitoria ternatea Leguminosae Butterfly pea Roots,leaves,seeds Gonorrhoea,purgative,diuretic,ulcer

Akara aje, omu- Snake bite, eyedrops, migraine, gonorrhoea,


Fruits, seeds, leaves,
211 Cnestis ferruginea Connaraceae aja,esise,elemesan,Amun Short pod,alum plant madness,laxative,sore throat,pyorrhoea,stabilise pregnancy,oral
root,bark
keta infections

212 Cnidoscolus acontifolius Euphorbiaceae Iyanapaja Cnidoscolus Leaves, sap Diuretic, antimicrobial

213 Coccinia barteri Cucurbitaceae Ewe-oju Fruited gourd Whole plant Venereal diseases,skin infections, earache

214 Coccinia grandis Cucurbitaceae Ewe-ero,Gurjin daaji ivy gourd, scarlet gourd. Leaves, Fruit Depression, venereal diseases, skin infection, antibacterial.

215 Cochlospermun planchonii Cochlospermaceae Sewetu,Raawayaa Cotton plant Roots,stem-bark Gonorrhoea,menstrual disorder

Jaundice,dysmenorrhoea,gastro-intestinal disorders, vaginal


216 Cochlospermun tinctorium Cochlospermaceae Sewetu,Balagande Cotton plant Whole plant,seeds
discharge,bilharzia,antimicrobials.

Bronchitis, liver ailments,migraine,emollient, scabies,


217 Cocos nucifera Palmae Agbon,Kwakwar,Ake babe Coconut Palm Bark, root, nuts dysentery,antiseptic,toothache,uterine diseases,hair loss,liver
ailment,diuretic,anthelmintic,laxative

218 Cocparnus pendulus Menispermaceae Roots Antipyretic

219 Coffea arabica Rubiaceae Kofi,Gahwa Coffee Kernels Stimulant, rheumatism,diuretic


Aje,aka-ila,agbala- Diuretic,anthhelmintics,asthma,stimulant,cicatrizant,irregular
220 Coix lacryma-jobi Poaceae Job's tear Roots,fruits,seeds
maria,ido-onisekere menstruation,conjunctivitis.

221 Cola acuminata Sterculiaceae Obi abata,Oji Abata kola nut Fruit nuts Stimulant, fever, malaria.

222 Cola Caricifolia Sterculiaceae Okokoro, Ogugu, Monkey kola Leaves Eye infection, Ringworm.

223 Cola laurifolia Sterculiaceae Karanga,Ufa, Aworiwo Twigs, stem bark Tooth ache, dysentery, oral hygiene,caries,thrush

224 Cola millenii Sterculiaceae Obi-edun Monkey Kola Leaves,fruits. Ringworms, scabies, gonorrhoea, dysentery,ophthalmia

225 Cola nitida Sterculiaceae Obi gbanja Kola Stem bark, seed, kernel Diarrhoea, stimulant,diuretic,cardiac tonic,eye trouble

Koko,kokofun,koko-
226 Colocasia esculenta Araceae Cocoyam,wild taro Tuber,leaves Anaemia,wounds,rheumatism,poison antidote
ibile,Gwamba

227 Combretum glutinosum Combretaceae Kattakara Leaves childhood fevers,milk preservative.

228 Combretum grandiflous Combretaceae ikedike Leaves jaundice, galactogogue, cholagogues.

Wounds, cough,
229 Combretum mucronatum Combretaceae Ogan,Ogolo,Fara geza Combretum Leaves, root
dysentery,anthelmintic,antimicrobials,biliousness,antipyretic

230 Combretum paniculatum Combretaceae Ogan, okan Twigs Jouts pains, black tongue, appetizer, febrifuge.
231 Combretum racemosum Combretaceae Okan Bush willow Twigs Black tongue, appetizer, weakness,antipyretic

Itopere,godogbo- Day flower,small blue Yellow fever, oedema, sore,


232 Commelina diffusa Commelinaceae Leaves, whole plant
odo,Obogy,Balasa flower,commelina boils,itch,headache,backache,pregnancy promotion

Whooping cough, bronchitis,


233 Commiphora africana Burseraceae Turari,Dashi,Biskiti Myrrh Roots, fruit stimulant,carminative,demulcent,astringent,expectorant,stimulant,
emmanagogue,menorrhoea,leprosy

234 Connarus africanus Connaraceae seed, root bark Anthelmintic, astriagent

Canadian Flea-
Gonorrhoea, diarrhoea, genital diseases, dysentery,
235 Conyza canadensis Compositae bane,horsebane,pride Whole plant
haemostatic, insect repellant, anti-bacterial activity
weed,horse weed

236 Conyza sumatrensis Compositae Olowojeja Conyza whole plant Antipyretic,asthma,tuberculosis

237 Copaifera mildbraedii Leguminosae Ovbia-leke Copaiva,copaiba Fruits,seeds Cathartic,diuretic,stimulant

Fever, worms, diarrhoea,


238 Corchorus olitorus Tiliaceae Ewedu,Laaloo,Ahihiara Jute plant Leaves, seeds, root
abscesses,demulcent,antiperiodic,anthelmintic,astringent,asthma

239 Cordia millenii Boraginaceae Omo African cordia Stem bark Fever, cough, stomachache,mild tonic,astringent,toothache

240 Corynanthe johimbe Rubiaceae Idagbon Yohimbe plant Stem bark Hypertension,aphrodisiac, dysmenorrhoea

Mental problems, impotence,


241 Corynanthe pachyceras Rubiaceae Ako idagbon Corynanthe yohimbe Leaves, root, stem bark anaesthesia,aphrodisiac,antipyretic,local anasthesia,mental
problem
Yellow cosmos,sulphur
242 Cosmos sulphureus Asteraceae Ododo-imiesu Leaves, flowers Antimicrobial,wounds,astringent,colourant.
cosmos

Ireke - Omode,tete- Coughs, diabetes, rheumatic swellings,


243 Costus afer Zingiberaceae eegungun,Opate,Kaki Ginger lily Stem, roots, fruit,juice cuts/sores,diuretic,diabetic,antiarthritic
zuwa property,malaria,jaundice,gonorrhoea,bilharzia,anti-snake.

244 Coula edulis Olacaceae udi, ivanlegbe Kernel, bark Dysentery, stomach disorder, skin diseases.

245 Courbonia virgata Capparaceae Kumkum Courbonia Roots,fruits,leaves Stimulant,chest pains,cough

Velvet plant,ebolo,red-
246 Crassocephalum crepidioides Compositae Efo ebolo Whole plant, roots, leaves. Indigestion, colic, flatulence, headache, breast-cancer.
flower ragleaf

247 Crassocephalum rubens Compositae Ebire Ebire,ebolo Leaves,roots Earache,carious tooth,breast cancer,stomachache

Gonorrhoea,
248 Craterispermum laurinum Rubiaceae Ozoh Alum bark Inner bark,leaves schistosomiasis,vermifuge,fever,aphrodisiac,malaria,jaundice,ey
e trouble

Eegun-
249 Crateva adansonii Capparaceae orun,taniya,ajanaka,Ungud Garlic pear Leaves, bark Tonic, stomachache, antipyretic,rubefacient,urinary disorders
udu,Amakarode

250 Crescentia cujete Bignoniaceae Igi igba,igisogba Calabash tree,gourd tree Fruits Receptacle for herbal medicines

Antimicrobial,purgative,rubefacient,cough,anti-allergic
251 Crinum glaucum Amaryllidaceae Isu meri Crinum lily,spider lily bulb,flower-stalks
properties,female fertility

Obase, Ogede-Odo,Ede Chronic cough, tuberculosis,


252 Crinum jagus Amaryllidaceae Frest crinum, poison bulb Bulb, Leaves
obase, Albasar kwadi rheumatism,emetic,whitlow,anthelmintics,purgative,rubefacient
Sandcrown berry,crystal
253 Crossopteryx febrifuga Rubiaceae Ayeye Root, stem bark Fever, gastrointestinal&respiratory disorders.
bark

Koropo,alatunse,saworo,Y Root, seeds, juice of


254 Crotalaria retusa Leguminosae Rattle box,rattle pea Fever, cirrhosis, liver lesions, dysentery,colic,vermifuge
ara, Akidimuo pods,leaves.

Guinea worm, convulsions, skin diseases.rheumatic pain, urinary


255 Croton lobatus Euphorbiaceae Eru,Namijin-zaakii bansaa Cascarilla Root, bark, leaves
disorder,purgative

Constipation,general debility,diuretics,arthritis,purgative,anti-
256 Croton penduliflorus Euphorbiaceae Aworoso Croton,Turk's cap Seeds,whole plant.
tumour

257 Croton zambesicus Euphorbiaceae Ajekobale bushveld Leaves,twigs Piles,gonorrhoea,arthritis,diarrhoea,impotence,

Antipyretic, antibacterial, urinary infections, gastrointestinal


258 Cryptolepia sanguinolenta Periplocaceae Root, stem
disorder, rheumatism.

259 Cryptostegia grandiflora Apocynaceae Leaves, latex Fungi infection, heart problem.

260 Cucumeropsis manni Cucurbitaceae Itoo, eyen Leaves Milk laxative

261 Cucumis melo Cucurbitaceae Baara-ekate,Gurji Melon,musk melon Leaves, root Fungal diseases, emetic,purgative,gonorrhoea.

262 Cucumis prophetarum Cucurbitaceae ruit pulp Vermifuge

263 Cucurbita maxima Cucurbitaceae Elegede,apala,Kabeewaa Melon-pumpkin Seeds,fruits. Tapeworm, diuretic, taenicide, otitis,utensils.
Urinary complaints,
Elegede,Ogbogolo,Kabew Pumpkin,gourd,vegetable-
264 Cucurbita pepo Cucurbitaceae Seeds, leaves,fruits,pulp cathartic,taenicide,diuretic,demulcent,anthelmintics,boils,burns,an
a,gboro. marrow
ti-tumour.

Skin disease,anaesthetic,stomachache,pregnancy
265 Culcasia scandens Araceae Agunmona Leaves
booster,venereal disease

Leaukaemia,gonorrhoea,cough,purgative,astringent,aphrodisiac,
266 Curculigo pilosa Hypoxidaceae Epakun,Dooyar kureegee African crocus Roots
demulcent

Jaundice, eye wash, skin diseases, vermifuge,yellow


267 Curcuma longa Zingiberaceae Gangamu, laali pupa Turmeric Tubers
fever,ringworm,anti-tumour,antimicrobials,carminative,malaria

Mologinigini,ganagana,omi
Laxative, kidney, liver disease,
268 Cuscuta australis Convolvulaceae nsinminsin- Dodder, devil’s root Whole plant
sores,laxative,astringent,anthelmintic,measles
gogoro,Soyyaya

Shawere pepe,
269 Cyathula prostrata Amaranthaceae Pasture weed Whole plant Ringworms, scabies, gonorrhoea, dysentery,rheumatism.
Tanaje,K'arangiya kusu

270 Cylicodiscus gabonensis Leguminosae Olosan, Aja-igi Denya,okan Bark Diarrhoea, dysentery

Malaria, cough, sprains, lumbago, stomach tonic, stimulant,


271 Cymbopogon citratus Poaceae Kooko-oba,Acharaehi Lemon grass Leaves, roots
cold,diaphoretic,diuretic,refrigerant,ringworm

Diuretic, liver diseases, anti-atherosderotic, use as sugar


272 Cynara scolymus Compositlae Kharsuf Whole plant
substitute

Kapet garassi,Buntun Venereal diseases, astringent, haemostatic, urinary infection,


273 Cynodon dactylon Graminae Bahama grass,dub grass Leaves, root
kudaa wounds.

Nut grass, tiger


To induce vomiting,diuretic,anthelmintics,carminative,menstrual
274 Cyperus esculentus Cyperaceae Ofio, omu,Aya aya nut,papyrus,yellow Whole plant
disorders.
nutsedge.
275 Cyrtosperma senegalense Araceae Ope-igbo,igooha Swamp-arum Leaves,rhizome,fruits Cough,ease labour,astringent,ulcer,gonorrhoea.

Jiggars,skin diseases, acute


Native pear,African
276 Dacryodes edulis Burseraceae Elemi,ube Bark, leaves,fruits. malaria,anthelmintics,astringent,wounds,clearing pregnancy
plum,bush butter tree
stretch marks,elephantiasis.

277 Dalbergia lactea Leguminosae Ojiji, abinrere Flat bean Bark, stem-dust Pimples,anthelmintic,ease labour

Ogundu, Paran,runhun
278 Dalbergia saxatilis Leguminosae Flat bean Leaves, bark, roots Cough, small pox, skin lesions, bronchial ailments,toothache
zaki,Obunzizi

Emosho-elemosoo,emeso-
279 Dalbergiella welwitschii Leguminosae West African black wood Stem, twigs, roots, leaves Bronchial ailments,purgative,anthelmintic,menstrual disorder.
igangan, afoso,

Iya,Kadaura,Ozabwa, African copaiba,balsam Dysentery, diarrhoea, toothache,urinary infection,astringent,tooth


280 Daniellia oliveri Leguminosae Gum, bark
Maje tree,niger-copal,maaje ache

281 Daniellia thurifera Leguminosae Iya Frankincense tree Stem-wood dust Scabies

Apikan,Ajegun- Devil's trumpet,hairy


282 Datura metel Solanaceae Leaves Ashma,venereal diseases,convulsion.
eegun,gegemu,Furenjuuji thorn apple

Apikan, ododo- Stink weed,thorn Asthma, cough, astringent,aphrodisiac,mental


283 Datura stramonium Solanaceae omode,zakami suturamai apple,devil's Leaves, seeds, root disorders,gonorrhoea,lumbago,neuralgic,insomnia,anodyne,sedat
rawiya,Myaramuo trumpet,jimson-weed ive,antispasmodic

284 Deinbollia pinnata Sapindaceae Ogiri-egba, Ekusi-Oloko Water willow Leaves, root Cough, bronchial asthma.,aphrodisiac

Leaves,bark,seeds,flower
285 Delonix regia Leguminosae Seke seke,ayin. flame of the forest Diuretic,anthelmintics,astringent,leucorrhoea
s
286 Dennettia tripetala Annonaceae Igbere,Nmimi Pepperfruit Fruit,leaves,stem-twigs. Insect repellant,fever,cough,toothache,stimulant

Epa- Constipation, convulsions, gonorrhoea, syphilis, bronchial


287 Desmodium adscendens Leguminosae Desmodium Leaves, whole plant
ile,aberodefe,Nbasioku asthma,spermcount enhancer.

Astringent, urinary disorder, broachi infection, fever, chest


288 Desmodium gangeticum Leguminosae Ewe-emo Leaf, root
infection.

289 Detaruyn nucricaroyn Leguminosae Taura, Ogbogbo Bark, leaves Wounds, ulcers

Awin,Icheku,Tsamiyar Black tamarind,tumble


290 Dialium guineense Leguminosae Leaves, fruit, bark, twigs Fever, coughs, bronchitis, toothache,astringent, diuretic
kurmi tree

291 Dichapetalum baneri Chailletiaceae Ngbu ewu Good killer Seeds Cough, rheumatism, bachache

292 Dichapetalum toxicarium Dichapetalaceae Alo, Itakun, ikunmu-agbo Gift-blaar,ratsbane Stem bark, twigs,leaves Jaundice,poisonous to animals,malaria,cardiac asthma

West African sickle


Kara, Ajagboluti,Ami Fever, stomachache,
293 Dichrostachys cinerea Leguminosae bush, Princess's Bark, root, latex
ogwu,Dundu toothache,diuretic,astringent,anthelmintics,scald,sores
earrings

294 Dicoma sessiliflora Compositae Doda Dicoma Whole plant Antipyretic,aphrodisiac,cough,stomachache

Ariran, eeran,Karanin
295 Digitaria horizontalis Poaceae Crab grass,sourgrass Whole plant Nervous problem,enhancing memory
dawaki

296 Dioclea reflexa Leguminosae Agbarin, epe, arin Dioclea,bull's eye Seed Asthma,head lice,dandruff,stimulant.
Mystic
properties,diarrhoea,dysentery,constipation,anthelmintics,antidot
Isu-emina,emina,isu- Air potato,aerial potato
297 Dioscorea bulbifera Discoreaceae Tuber e for snake and scorpion venom,coughs,mental
ahun,Dooyar bisa yam
problems,diabetes,weak erection,breast
enlargement,fever,rheumatism,antimicrobials.

Wild yellow yam,African


Colic, abdominal, vomiting, analgesic,skin disorders,psychic
298 Dioscorea dumetorum Dioscoreaceae Esuru,gudugudu,Gursami bitter yam,three-leaved Tubers, leaves
trouble,malaria,ease labour,anti-bilharzia.
yam.

299 Dioscoreophyllum cumminsii Mennispermaceae Inunurin, Omuaja Serendipity berry Fruits,leaves,roots. Diabetes, obesity, impotence,tonic for debility.

300 Diospyros canaliculata Ebenaceae Oriloje, Owe Date plum Bark, leaves Leprosy, antimicrobials,anthelmintics,abortifacient,cardiac tonic.

Bilharzia, diarrhoea,
301 Diospyros mespliforimis Ebenaceae Ige,igidudu,Kalwaa Ebony tree Root bark, stem bark antibacterial,anthelmintic,astringent,abortifacient,fertility
regulation

302 Discoglypremna caloneura Euphorbiaceae Akikaagba, Ogwilaki Seeds Gastrointestinal disorder, catharsis, abortion, purgative.

Venereal diseases,
Chickweed,starwort,star
303 Dissotis rotundifolia Melastomataceae Awede,Ajagunmorasin Whole plant coughs,antimicrobials,conjunctivities,haemostatic,weight
weed,
control,diuretic,asthma,ulcer.

304 Dodonaea viscosa Sapindaceae Leaves Sore throat, diaphoretic, fever.

Contrayerva,rock
305 Dorstenia prorepens Moraceae Alaifo, aloifo Stem twig,leaves Nephrosis,wound,antipyretic,antimicrobials.
begonia,sokotan

Ope-kannakanna,
306 Dracaena manni Dracaenaceae Dracaena Roots,leaves,fruits Skin diseases,antimicrobials,stomachache,caries.
peregun,Akuku

307 Drynaria laurentii Polypodiaceae Afomo Drynaria Whole plant, leaves. Venereal diseases.
308 Drypetes chevalieri Euphorbiaceae Osunsun-iro Drypetes Leaves Cough,asthma,bronchitis

309 Drypetes Florabunda Euphorbiaceae Asokara Stem Toothache, oral hygiene

310 Duranta repens Verbenaecae Fruits Anthemintic, insecticide

311 Dyschoriste perrottetii Acanthaceae Bidi-Diyan Seed Inflammation, Eye irrigation.

Purple cone, black


312 Echinacea purpurea Compositae Rhizome Antimicrobial agent.
sampson

Ink plant,thistles,false Elephantiasis, fever,cough, skin diseases,oedema,liver


313 Eclipta prostrata Compositae Abikole, arojoku Leaves
daisy ailments,emetic,antiseptic,diarrhoea,convulsion.

Amenorrhoea,contraceptive,fevers,convulsion,fracture
314 Ehretia cymosa Boraginaceae Jaoke Puzzle bush,ivorywood Leaves,bark
management

Bebelu oju Skin care,fresh juice for wounds,styptic,goitre,protecting feet as


315 Eichhornia crassipes Pontederiaceae Water hyacinth Whole plant
omi,mako,gbeborun. foot wears

Ijebo, Ayape,Madachin Rheumatism, insomnia,malaria,antipyretic,blood tonic, chicken


316 Ekebergia senegalensis Meliaceae Stavewood Trunk bark,roots.
dutsi box,charred powder of roots for inducing sneezing

Fever, epilepsy, haemolytic,sinusitis,purify blood,insomnia,


317 Ekebergia capensis Meliaceae Oronu, madachin Cape ash,essenhout Leaves, roots,bark
malaria.

Ope, igi-
318 Elaeis guineensis Palmae Red oil palm Root, palm oil,bark,kernels Malaria, mental disorders,diarrhoea,asthma,measles.
ope,Nkwe,Ake,Kwakwar
Intestinal
Leaves, stem
319 Elaeophorbia drupifera Euphorbiaceae Oroigi, oroonigi Asthma plant parasities,fever,measles,purgative,warts,epilepsy,asthma,analge
bark,roots,latex
sic,skin diseases.

320 Elephantapus scaber Compositae Leave, root Fever, cough.

Ese-
Bermuda Coughing with bloody sputum,antipyretic,anthelmintics,venereal
321 Eleusine indica Poaceae kannakanna,Ciyaawar Leaves
grass,wiregrass,fowl foot diseases.
tuuji,Ichite

322 Elytraria marginata Acanthaceae Eso Whole plant Gonorrhoea, impotence, stomache, cough, infertility.

323 Elytraria marginata Acanthaceae Eso Whole plant Gonorrhoea, male-impotence, stomache, cough, infertility.

324 Embelia guineaasis Myrsinaceae Leaves, root Anthelmintic, skin diseases

325 Embelia schimperi Myrsinaceae Kiru Stem bark, leaves Antispasmodic, anthelmintic.

Ulcers, craw-craw, abscesses of the breast, yaws, lice,


Odundun-owo, odundun- Tassel flower,scarlet
326 Emilia coccinea Compositae Leaves, sap, roots. ringworm, febrifuge, syphilis, hernia, gonorrhoea,
okun,Ogbunizu,nte -ana tassel flower
measles,cough,salad.

Osopupa, Awopa,dokita- Typhoid fever,malaria,antimicrobials, jaundice, rickettsia,infective


327 Enantia chlorantha Annonaceae African yellow wood Bark
igbo,Kakerim hepatitis,haemostatic,uterus stimulant,ulcer.

Ayunre-
328 Entada africana Leguminosae Entada Bark, leaves, root, seeds Astringent,antimimicrobials, antipyretic, abortifacient,malaria.
banabana,Tawatsa

Seahearts,monkey Diarrhoea,antimicrobial,abdominal pain,


329 Entada gigas Mimosaceae Aagbaa Leaves,seeds,stem-twigs.
ladders abortifacient,convulsion,astringent,charm to ward off evil spirit
Diabetes, cough, fever,gastro-intestinal disorders, black
330 Entandrophragma cylindricum Meliaceae Ijebo,Owura Cedar mahogany Stem bark
tongue,stimulant

331 Eragrostis tremula Poaceae Ariran,Burburwa Eragrostis,lovegrass Whole plant To improve memory

332 Eremomastax speciosa Acanthaceae Jangborukan,asoyin Eremomastax Leaves Guinea worms,anthelmintic,sores

333 Erissema psoraleoides Leguminosae Roro, Isapa-eluju Leavs, roots, seeds Venereal diseases, boils, cuts, eye infection.

East India Rosebay,


334 Eruatamia coronaria Apocynaceae Leaves, stem, root Anthelmintic, skin infection, toothache, eye diseases-ophthalmia.
Nero's crown

335 Eryngium foetidum Umbelliferae Leaves Ulcer, headache, hysteria

Ologbosere,lakale,Majiriya Leaves, bark, Anthelmintics,cathartic,dysentery,antipyretic,emmenagogue,galac


336 Erythrina senegalensis Leguminosae Parrot tree,coral tree
,echichi seeds,roots. togue

337 Erythrococca anomala Euphorbiaceae Iyere-igbo Cocca Fruits,leaves,leaf-sap Headache, joint pains,earaches,taeniacide.

Erun obo, olu- Chicken pox, gangrenous sores, snake bite,emetic.filarial worm
Sasswood,Ordeal
338 Erythrophleum suaveolens Leguminosae obo,Ajeku,Obo,Gwaska,in Stem bark, leaves,roots. swelling,skin diseases,wound,hypertension,local
tree,Sassy bark.
yi,akpa. anaesthetic,sneezing inducer.

339 Erythroxylum coca Erythroxylaceae Red wood Leaves Local anaesthesia, sedative.

Ajinringburigbu,
340 Euadenia trifoliata Capparaceae Euadenia Roots, stem, bark,fruit Tuberculosis,arthritis, otalgia, aphrodisiac, rectal prolapse.
Logbokiya,Kanumfari
341 Eucalyptus globulus Myrtaceae Eucalyptus Leaves Nasal congestion, antibacterial, wounds, mouth wash.

Toothache, carminative, rubefacient, serving as preservative in


342 Eugenia aromatica Myrtaceae Kanafuru Clove Flower
herbal recipes.

Apple,African water
343 Eugenia malaccencis Myrtaceae Apulu Antimicrobial,source for vitamins
apple,rose-water apple

344 Eugenia unifolia Myrtaceae Pitanga Pitanga Leaves, fruit Antimicrobial.

345 Eulophia millsoni Orchidaceae Rhizome Aphrodisiac

346 Euphorbia balsamifera Euphorbiaceae Stem, latex Caries, dysentery

347 Euphorbia deightonii Euphorbiaceae Oro agogo Euphorbia Leaves Woman Sterility

348 Euphorbia heterophylla Euphorbiaceae Egele Leaves, root Skin diseases, febrifuges, purgative.

Cough, asthma, catarrh, hay-fever,pulmonary ailment,hay


Emi-ile, iroko-iju,egele,oro-
fever,amoebic
349 Euphorbia hirta Euphorbiaceae elewe,ahihia ugwa,Noonon Asthma weed Whole plant,exudate
dysentery,conjuctivitis,anthelmintic,aphrodisiac,increase lactation
kurciyaa,Odane inenemii
and shape of breast,hypertension,antispasmodic

Topical application to aid umbilical cord drop-


350 Euphorbia kamerunica Euphorbiaceae Oro,ukoko,oro-alagogo Fence Cactus Latex.
off,warts,anthelmintics,purgative

Dermatosis, infertility, anthelmintics constipation, convulsive


351 Euphorbia laterifolia Euphorbiaceae Oro were, enuopiri Scutellann,little cactus Leaves,exudate
fevers
352 Euphorbia unispina Euphorbiaceae Oro adete Cactus Exudate Antidote for snake bites, fractures,skin diseases,antihelmintics

Slender dwarf Morning


353 Evolvulus alsinoides Convolvulaceae Efunle,Karfi mallam Whole plant Diarrhoea,antipyretic,asthma,chronic bronchitis
glory

354 Eythrococca anomala Euphorbiaceae Leaves Anthelmintic, headache, rheumatic, pains, earache.

355 Fagara rubescens Rutaceae Ata Bark Toothache, headache, backache, general debiity.

356 Ficus asperifolia Moraceae Ipin,Asesa,Baure Sandpaper plant Leaves, root Wounds, coughs.

Dysentery, oedema, leprosy, epilepsy,


Opoto,Farin African mustard tree,fig
357 Ficus capensis Moraceae Leaf, stem, root, fruits ricketts,emollient,astringent,infertility,increase
bauree,Anwerenwa tree
lactation,respiratory disorders,gonorrhoea.

358 Ficus elegans Moraceae Asoro porcelain vine Leaves Diarrhoea, piles, stomach-ache, constipation, craw-craw.

Stomach disorder, scabies, gonorrhoea, urinary ailments,


359 Ficus exasperata Moraceae Epin, Ewe-ipin Sand paper tree Leaves, bark, root, seeds
jaundice,abortifacient,antipyretic.

Odan-afomo,Ediso,
360 Ficus mucuso Moraceae Fig Bark of stem Insomnia
Obobo,Jan bauree

Odan abaa,opoto,aba-
361 Ficus thonningii Moraceae Wild fig,fiddle leaf fig Bark Wounds,fevers,dysentery
odan ,Guluba

Jaundice, gastro-intestinal disorders,anthelmintic,astringent,skin


362 Ficus vallis-choudae Moraceae Oguro, Ogunro,Dulu Umbrella thorn Leaves, stem, latex
disorders
363 Ficus vogelii Moraceae Oba-Odan Bark, fruit, latex Wound, diarrhoea, dysentery, boils

364 Flabellaria paniculata Malpighiaceae Iagbo-Iagbo Leaves Wounds, cuts

Asthma, bronchitis, catarrhal


365 Flacourtia flavescens Flacourtiaceae Osere Flacourtia Leaves, root condition,antibacterial,astringent,diaphoretic,antiperiodic,toothach
e.

Liver diseases,diuretic, antipyretic,astringent,piles,haemostatic,


366 Fluerya aestuans Urticaceae Fuyafuya,Ipe erin African nettle Whole plant
burns,hair care, pregnancy booster,expels bladder stone

367 Funtumia africana Apocynaceae Akoire, Ako-ire Mbamiri Male funtum Root, stem, leaves Constipation, wounds, boils,weak bladder, jaundice,antipyretic.

Lagos silkrubber
368 Funtumia elastica Apocynaceae Ire ,Mba Stem, twigs, stem, latex Jaundice, piles, impotence,antipyretics.
tree,wild rubber

369 Galinsoga parviflora Compositae Leaves Wounds, analgesic

370 Garcinia afzelii Guttiferae Okuta Mangostreen Stem-twigs Dysentery.aphrodisiac,oral thrush,toothache

Antimicrobials,dysentery, tumours, bronchitis, cough,


Seeds, root, stem-
371 Garcinia kola Guttiferae Orogbo,Adi,Akuilu Bitter kola fever,toothache, throat and respiratory ailments,liver
bark,fruits.
disorders,headache,evacuant, Anti-cancer.

372 Garcinia manni Guttferae Okuta, Okok Root,stem Diuretic

Gangan,
373 Gardenia ternifolia Rubiaceae Yellow gardenia, gaude. Roots, fruits Fever, cough, stomachache, dysentery,skin lesion,emetic
oruwan,Gaudan,Ulimili
374 Geophila obvallata Rubiaceae Leaves Eye wash, headache, tooth ache, stomachache

375 Gisekia pharmacioides Molluginaceae Leaves, fruits Wounds, cut, anthelmintic, purgative

Antigonococcal,dysentery,diarrhoea,mental
376 Gladiolus psittacinus Iridaceae Baka,isu baka Sword lily, corn flag Bulb
disorder,constipation,mystic use.

Mora, ewe-
Gloriosa,climbing Gonorrhoea, head lice,
377 Gloriosa superba Liliaceae aje,akalamagbo,Obara Tubers, leaves
lily,glory lily rheumatism,purgative,antiperiodic,stomachic tonic.
okpa,Baurere

378 Glossonema boveanum Asclepiadaceae Taarin-gidaa Whole plant Use to increase lactation I pregnant woman.

379 Glycine max Leguminosae Ewa Soya bean Seeds Laxative

Sweet wood,sweet wort, Expectorant, bronchitis, sorethroat, demulcent, emollient,


380 Glycyrrhiza glabra Leguminosae Root
liquorice root. alterative.

Stem bark, leaves,stem- Diarrhoea, fever, respiratory


381 Glyphaea brevis Tiliaceae Atori Atori, masquerade stick
twigs ailment,gonorrhea,wound,toothache,gum infection

382 Gmelina arborea Verbenaceae Igi melina Gmelina,parrot's beak Roots,leaves Antipyretic,stomach disorder,cough,gonorrhoea,demulcent

Mada,sungoje,samberu,tur Skin diseases, leprosy, dysentery, diarrhoea, nasal discharge,


383 Gnidia kraussiana Thymelaeceae Root, leaves
uribi. purgative.

Bachelor's button, globe


384 Gomphrena globosa Amaranthaceae Whole plant,leaves Antipyretic,diuretic,astringent,cough,laxative,emmenagogue
amaranth
385 Gongronema latifolium Asclepiadaceae Aunjeadiye, Itaji,Utazi Amaranth globe Stem Sore gums,colic, dyspepsia, anthelmintic.

Convulsions, dysentery,asthma,antipyretic,hypertension,
Owu,akese,gwandi,Olulu
386 Gossypium barbadense Malvaceae West indian Cotton Leaves, roots, seeds ulcers,contraceptive, relieve menstrual cycle
ogho,Owula
disorders,emmenagogue,abortfacient,ease labour

387 Gouania longipetala Rhamnaceae Laghosa Stem, twigs Gum infection

Greenwayodendron
388 Annonaceae Agudugbu Roots,leaves,bark Anthelmintics,purgative,ease labour,menorrhagia,weak erection..
suaveolens

Sand paper raisin,raisin


389 Grewia flavescens Tiliaceae Itakun okere,Dargaji Leaves Boils, enlarged spleen,aid lactating mother
bush,wild raisin

Dysentery, gastro-intestinal disorder,antidote for snake


390 Grewia pubescens Tiliaceae Oraigbo Raisin Stem, leaves
bite,boils,emollient

391 Grewia sp Tiliaceae Ila-oko, lakolako Fruits Religious purpose, mystic, soup with okra-like taste

392 Grewia venusta Tiliaceae Oraigbo,oro,Dargaza Raisin Leaves, twigs, stem bark Fever, boils, wounds,colic,anti-diarrhoea,ease of labour

Alukoko, Tapara, arin, Bone-fracture, congestion,sedative,aphrodisiac,appetite


393 Griffonia simplicifolia Leguminosae Griffonia Roots, leaves
Olobahun suppressant for weight loss.

394 Guaiacum officinale Zygophyllaceae Stem Diuretic, diaphoretic, urinary disorder

Leaves, roots, fruits, stem Galactogogue, blood booster, rheumatism, gastro-enteritis,


395 Guibourtia copallifera Leguminosae Kaluk ofuon
exudate dysentery.
Skin infection, fever, diarrhoea, dysentery, syphilis, tonic,
396 Guiera senegalensis Combretaceae Barbatta,olofun,saabara Leaves
increase lactation, prevention of leprosy.

397 Gymnema sylvestre Asclepiadaceae Whole plants, root Diabetes, antidote for snake bite.

398 Gymnema sylvestre Asclepadaceae Yaryodin-kura Root, stem Diabetes, heart stimulant, snake bite, anti-inflammatory, tonic.

399 Gynura amplexicanlis Asteraceae Sitta, nti Leaves Eye infection, gonorrhoea

Areyinkosun, toto-
400 Haemanthus multiflorus Amaryllidaceae Fireball lily Roots Stimulant, cardiac tonic
odo,Albasar kwadi

Anthelmintic, febrifuge, emetic, tonic,hepatitis, sleeping sickness,


401 Haematostaphis barteri Anacardiaceae Tursuhi,jan danyaa Stem, bark, roots
diarrhoea.

Haematoxylum
402 Leguminosae Logwood Wood bark Astringent, diarrhoea, colouring.
compechionum

Igigun,Oghulu,Takar'dargi
403 Hannoa klaineana Simaroubaceae Hannoa Stem, root Hypertension,carminative,stimulant , fever.
wa

Stomachache, leprosy, antidote, cancerous tumours,bubonic


404 Harrisonia abyssinica Simaroubaceae Arujeran Harrisonia Leaves, stem, root
plague,skin diseases,antipyretic,anthelmintics,insomnia

Elepo, adenden,
Stem-bark, root bark, Dysentery, piles, trypanosomiasis, fever, cold, jaundice, scabies,
405 Harungana madagascariensis Hypericaceae Asunje,Uturu,Otori, Alillibar Dragon's blood tree
leaves,sap haemostatic,emetic,black tongue,urinary fistula,ringworm,jaundice
raafii

406 Hedranthera barteri Apocynaceae Agbo omode Hedranthera Leaves,fruit Convulsion,anthelmintics,venereal diseases,cough,anti-tumour
407 Heeria insignis Anaradiaceae Kasheshe,Hawawen Zakii Leaves, stem bark,roots Anthemintic, aphrodisiac, galactogogue,dysentery,vermifuge

408 Helianthus annus Compositae Ododo-orun Sunflower Seeds,leaves Diuretic,pulmonary disorders,expectorant

Agogo-igun, Apari-
409 Heliotropium indicum Boraginaceae Igun,ogberi- Heliotrope,cock's comb Whole plant Convulsions, cancer, worms ,rectal enema,mouth-wash.
akuko,Kalkashin korama

410 Hexalobus crispiflorus. Annonaceae Lapawe, Apara,Oji ogoda Hexalous Roots, whole plant Gonorrhoea,cough, malaria,

411 Hibiscus acetosella Malvaceae Akese Hibiscus Leaves Dysentery

Bush roselle,thorny
412 Hibiscus asper Malvaceae Isapa,Ireagu,Dangiraa Leaves Cough, wound,diuretics
roselle,water hemp

Influenza, cough, asthma, tertiary syphilis, stomach


413 Hibiscus rosasinensis Malvaceae Kekeke,Ireagu Garden hibiscus Leaves, stem, flower buds
upset,appendicitis,hypertension,oligospermia,antipyretic

Zobo,Jamaican sorre,
414 Hibiscus sabdariffa Malvaceae Sobo,Gurguzuu Leaves,flowers Diuretic,coughs,dressing wounds,beverage
roselle

Kinkinrinmiyin,akonimara,s
415 Hibiscus surattensis Malvaceae Whole plant,leaves Stomachache,mystic uses
eniferan,emo,sinkin-mini

416 Hildegradia barteri Sterculiaceae Okurugbedu,Kariya Hildegradia Bark Epilepsy

Ogo, tarzan-igbo,zoro- Breast cancer,urethral


417 Hilleria latifolia Phytolaccaceae Bush tarzan Leaves,whole plant
igbo,Akaato discharge,purgative,headache,anthelmintic,skin diseases
Connessi,false rubber Dysentery, diarrhea, jaundice, fever,astringent,bilious
418 Holarrhena floribunda Apocynaceae Irena,Bakin mutum Bark seeds
tree,holarrhena disorder,anthelmintics

Herpes,conjunctivitis,epilepsy,skin
Efinrin-oso,anami-ole,suiiti-
419 Hoslundia opposita Labiatae Hoslundia Whole plant,leaves diseases,diabetes,jaundice,abdominal
agbe
pain,antipyretic,haemostatic,antimicrobial, Malaria.

420 Hybanthus enneaspermus Violaceae Abiwere Hybanthus Whole plant Easy and painless child delivery.

Mafowo kauruonu bayin


421 Hygrophila auriculala Acanthaceae Whole plant Blennorrhoea, craw-craw, bacteriostatic, diuretic.
giwaa

Mafowo kauruonu bayin


422 Hygrophila auriculata Acanthaceae Whole plant Biennorrhoea, craw-craw, bacteriostatic, diuretic.
giwaa

Diuretic,skin infections,urinary
423 Hygrophilia auriculata Acanthaceae Mafowokanmi Hygrophilia Whole plant,roots
disorders,antipyretic,demulcent,stomachache

424 Hymenocardia acida Hymenocardiacae Aboopa, Orupa Hymenocardia Leaves, bark Measles, fever, jaundice, coated tongue.

Arigbodigbo,arigbodigba,U
425 Hymenostegia afzelii Leguminosae Hymenostegia Stem bark,twigs Astringent,toothache,piles,cough
beze

426 Hyoscyamus niger Solanaceae Herbane Seeds, leavs Antispasmodics, eye-wash, sedative.

427 Hypoestes forskalei Acanthaceae Ogbigbo Hypoestes Whole plant Skin infections

428 Hypoestes verticillaris Acanthaceae Ekere, Akwukwoijiji Whole plant leaves Sore, fever, antiseptic, chest pains.
429 Hypoestes verticillaris Acanthaceae Ekere, Akwukwoijiji Whole plant leaves Sore, fever, antiseptic, chest pains.

430 Hypoxis nyasica Hypoxodaceae Whole Plant Uterine cancer, premenstrual syndrome.

431 Hyptis suaveloensis Labiatae Jogbo,Kimba-kimba Hyptis Leaves Cough,fevers,wounds,anthelmintic,carminative, malaria.

Rheumatism,aphrodisiac,toothache,anthelmintics,purgative,aborti
432 Icacina tricantha Icacinaceae Gbegbe Icacina Leaves,root,exudate
facient,wound,dermatophytosis.

433 Impatiens balsamina Balsaminaceae Garden balsam Whole Plant Antiseptic,fungicide.

Poor man's
434 Impatiens glandulifera Balsaminaceae touch me not orchid,policeman's Sap topical application on poison ivy rash
helmet,purple jewelweed.

435 Indigofera arrecta Leguminosae Elu aja indigo Leaves, twigs. Diarrhoea, dysentery.

Enise-Ana,Aniyaa Whooping cough, bronchitis, piles, ulcers, enlargement of spleen


436 Indigofera macrophylla Leguminosae Indian-indigo Leaves
makoomiyaa. and liver,skin diseases.

Ogbo oro ayaba, ewe- Whole plant, leaves,


437 Ipomoea asarifolia Convolvulaceae Morning glory Haemorrhage, urinary problem,purgative,syphilis.
gboro,Duman kadaa flowers

Odunkun,
Boils, wounds, bronchial asthma,purgative,breast
438 Ipomoea batatas Convolvulaceae anamo,kunkundukun,Dank Sweet potato Leaves,tuber.
swelling,diabetes,antimicrobials.
ali,Ekomako,Jioyibo

439 Ipomoea fistulosa Convulvulaceae Omo-ureuebo Bush morning glory Leaves, twigs Toothache, mouthwash.
Ododo-odo,ododo- Convulsions,purgative,eye
440 Ipomoea involucrata Convolvulaceae oko,alukerese,Duman Morning glory Leaves drops,asthma,arthritis,antipyretic,yellow
kwaadii fever,filariasis,gynaecological diseases,gonorrhoea.

441 Ipomoea mauritiana Convolvulaceae Atewogba, Tanpopo Bush morning glory Whole plant Rheumatism, asthma, dropsy.

442 Irvingia gabonensis Irvingiaceae Oro (Ogbono),Gooron birii Wild mango,bread tree Leaves Spleen Infection.

Bronchial infections, skin diseases, cough, hematuria, fever,


443 Isolana campanulata Anacardiaceae Aghakeze Roots, stem-bark
bilharzia, tonic, rheumatism

444 Isolona campanulata Annonaceae Aghako-eze Stem bark Fever, cough, bitharzu

445 Jacaranda spp Bignoniaceae Jacaranda Bark, leaves Venereal diseases, spleen tonic.

Whole plant, leaves, Anthelmintic, toothache, diuretic, antifungal wounds, abscess in


446 Jasminum pauciflonum Common Jasmine
flowers breast

447 Jateorhiza macrantha Menispermaceae Atutu Jateorhiza,calumba Leaves, roots,stem Antidote to snake bite, ulcers, wounds, cuts, tonic,aphrodisiac

Root bark, leaves, whole


448 Jateorhiza Palmate Menispermaceae Atutu Hypertension, dysentery, anthelmintic, tonic, fever, stomachic
plant

Ringworm, eczema,scabies, fever, guinea worms, herpes,rectal


Botuje, Seed, leaves, stem,
449 Jatropha curcas Euphorbiaceae Physic nut enema,black tongue,whitlow,impotence,irregular
lapalapa,Zugu,Olulu -idu roots,sap
menses,convulsion,smallpox

Botuje pupa,Binidi Ringworm, ascaris, anti-


450 Jatropha gossypiifolia Euphorbiaceae Wild Cassava Stem latex
zugu,Ake mbogho tumour,malaria,dysentery,dysmenorrhoea.
451 Jatropha multifida Euphorbiaceae Ogege Sap Coated tongue

452 Jubernardia seretii Legumonosae Roots Conjunctivitis.

453 Jussiaea linifoliio Onagraceae Bini-sensen Leaves Malaria.

454 Justicia flava Acanthaceae Odian, Oridun Bankas Whole plant Fungal skin diseases,malaria,stomach disorder,haematuria

455 Justicia insularis Acanthaceae Isepe-akere Whole plant Measles,smallpox.

456 Kaempfena nigerica Zingiberaceae Resurrection lily Rhizome Mental disorder, hallucinogenic agent

Smallpox, convulsion, gonorrhoea, rheumatism,ear problem,


Never die, Dog’s
457 Kalanchoe crenata Crassulaceae Odundun, Eti,eleti,Onwa Leaves, roots,whole plant chronic cough, headache,wounds,asthma,palpitation,mental
Liver,kalanchoe
disorder,anthelmintics.

Malaria, Jaundice,anthelmintic,emetic,emmenagogue,skin
458 Khaya ivorensis Meliaceae Oganwo,Ono,Madachi African mahogany Stem, root, barks
diseases,anaemia,arthritis

Kidney disorders, malaria, dysentery,


Pandoro,iyan,Rawuya,Utu Root, stem bark, fruits,
459 Kigelia africana Bignoniaceae Sausage tree rheumatism,gonorrhoea.,haemorrhage,spleen
rubein leaves
infection,astringent,leucorrhoea,cough.

Measles,yaws,skin diseases,thrush,venereal
460 Klainedoxa gabonensis Irvingiaceae Kanakoro,odudu Klainedoxa Bark,seeds
diseases,chickenpox,toothache,stomachic

461 Kolobopetalum auriculatum Menispermaceae Whole plant Relieve pains.


462 Lactuca capensis Compositae Yanrin-oko,Namijin dayi Lettuce Leaves, whole plant Diuretic, constipation.

Purgative, anthelmintics, cathartic,lumbago,diabetes


463 Lagenaria breviflorus Cucurbitaceae Eso-ito, eso-itagiri,tagiri Pseudocolocynth Root, fruit
mellitus,smallpox,chickenpox, abortifaecient.

464 Lagenaria siceraria Cucurbitaceae Ado,Oba,Duma, Bottle gourd Leaves, seeds, fruit pup Anthelmintic properties, chest pains,purgative

465 Lagerstroemia speciosa Lythraceae Queen crape-myrtle Leaves,ripe fruits Antidiabetic,stimulant

Fever, rheumatic pains, pneumonia, emmenagogue,


466 Laggera alata Compositae Agemo-kogun, eru-taba Laggera Leaves, roots, sap
tapeworms,convulsion.

Malaria, Gastro-intestinal disorder, astringent, insect-repellant,


467 Laggera aurita Compositae Taba-ebora, Eru-taba Whole plant
convulsion.

468 Landolphia dulcis Apocynaceae Ibo Sweet landolphia Roots,stem Rheumatism,cough,kidney diseases

Panukuru,Ci'woo,nwalikali, Vine rubber,rubber vine, Fresh leaves, roots, seed,


469 Landolphia owariensis Apocynaceae Malaria fever, gonorrhoea,vermifuge
Oto ciwo. bark

Leaves, root Sprains, gout, dysentery, asthma, bruises.rheumatic


470 Lannea nigritana Anacardaceae Orita,oyinyin Wodier wood
bark,exudate. joint,astringent,neurotic disorders,skin diseases.

Bush lantana, shrub


471 Lantana camara Verbenaceae Ewon - Agogo,Kimbar Leaves Fever,antiseptic,antispasmodic,antipyretic
verbena,lantana.

472 Lasiodiscus mildbraedi Rhamnaceae Ogan-funfun Stem Oral hygiene


473 Lasiosiphon kraussianus Thymeloceae Leaves, root Burns, purgative, snakebite

Yanrin,
474 Launaea taraxacifolia Compositae Wild lettuce Leaves Yaws, Fracture management.
Yamurin,Nonanbarya

Spermatorrhoea, jaundice, gonorrhoea, leucorrhoea, ulcers,


475 Lawsonia inermis Lythraceae Lali , Laali.Lallee Hennaplant Leaves, flowers,bark
menorrhagia,astringent,skin diseases, malaria.

Akika,Okpu,Kekera
Leaves,roots,young Fevers,burns,liver abscess,purgative,amenorrhoea,typhoid
476 Lecaniodiscus cupanioides Sapindaceae kuchi,Kaafi naamaa - lecaniodiscus
shoots,seeds,stembark fever,jaundice,cough, malaria.
zaakii

Kojiya,aledo,alugbokita, Pregnancy detection,purgative,toothache,gonorrhoea,general


477 Leea guineensis Leeaceae Hansidhapan,leea Leaves,roots,seeds.
iya-keke-gbodo weakness.

478 Leersia hexrandra Poaceae Abeko Leersia Leaves Asthma,bronchitis,chest pains

479 Leonotis nepetifolia Labiatae Agberulori,iku ekun Lion's ears,lion's tail Leaves,roots Wound,skin diseases,emmenagogue,purgative,anthelmintic,tonic

480 Leptadenia hastata Rubiaceae Iran-aji-igbo Leptadenia Root, leaves, flowers Antimicrobials, antispasmodic

481 Leptochloa coenilescins Poaceae Gyasua Whole plant Bathing of newborn

482 Leptogramma pillosiusaila Thelyptoidacea Rhizome Diabetes, obesity

483 Leucaena glauea Leguminosae Seeds Stimulant, tonic..


484 Leucas martinicensis Labiatae Keke-owu Leaves Snake antidote

Lead tree, wild tamarind,


485 Leucena leucocephala Leguminosae Leaves, seeds. Antimicrobial, blood tonic.
jumpy bean

Efinrin-gogoro,efinrin-
486 Lippia multiflora Verbenaceae Sweetleaf Whole plant Hypertension,cough,antipyretic,jaundice,sleeping sickness
foromaba

487 Lobelia molleri Lobeliaceae Whole plant Antispasmodic and antileptic

Arthritic conditions, sore, mental


488 Lonchocarpus cyanescens Leguminosae Elu,Talaki,Nji,Anunu West. African indigo Root, bark, leaves
disorders,boils,anthelmintics,antimicrobial.

Dotted lancepod,lilac
489 Lonchocarpus sericeus Leguminosae Ipapo,alakiriti,Njassi,Faki Roots, bark Convulsion, skin diseases,laxative
tree

490 Lonicera caprifolum Caprifoliaceae Honey suckle Leaves and flowers Respiratory disorder, expectorant, liver disorder.

Eki, Ironwood ,ekki,meni oil Root, barks, leaves,


491 Lophira alata Ochnaceae Fever, coughs, jaundice, gastrointestinal disorders.
Pahan,uda,Kujeme,Akufo tree,nambanchi seeds

492 Lovoa trichilioides Meliaceae Okoko-igbo, Epo-ipa. Walnut Stem bark Yellow fever, cough, stomachache,anthelmintic

493 Ludwigia suffruticosa Onagraceae Ako ewuro odo Water primrose whole plant Purgative,wounds,fevers,anthelmintics,cough

Aya-oyinbo,kankan oyinbo Smooth loafah,vegetable


494 Luffa cylindrica Cucurbitaceae Roots Purgative,tonic
,kankan ayaba sponge
Ear-ache, urinary troubles,carminative,fever,boils,fungal
495 Lycopersicon esculentum Solanaceae Tomati,Afufa,Tumaatur Tomato Leaves, fruit
infections,antimicrobial.

Creeping club
496 Lycopodium cernuum Lycopodiaceae Kujekuje Moss,Lycopodiella Whole plant Malaria, newborn skin management .
cernua

Asasa, Dysentery, cough, boils, bruises, black tongue,breast


497 Macaranga barteri Euphorbiaceae Macaranga Stem bark, leaves
awasa,agbaasa,Owariwa engorgement,irregular menstruation,urinary disorder.

498 Maesa lanceolata Myrsinaceae Leaves Antimicrobial

499 Maesopsis eminii Rhomnaceae Igilogbon Leaves Diluretic, emetic, purgative.

500 Mallotus cordifolia Euphorbiaceae Ebewosa Leaves Malaria.

Oju-eja, Jeja,iya-
Tapeworms, ringworm, pimples,
501 Mallotus oppositifolius Euphorbiaceae dudu,orokoro,Kpokokwa,K' Indian kamila Leaves, roots, fruits.
bruises,astringent,anthelmintic,tonic,haemostatic.
afar mutuwa

Root bark, stem-


502 Mammea africana Guttiferae Ologbomodu,Ekpili Mammea apple Parasitic skin diseases, syphilis,convulsion,dysmenorrhoea..
exudate,fruit,bark.

Malaria, diarrhoea, diabetes, skin lesions, high blood pressure,


Mangoro,Mangwaro,mang
503 Mangifera indica Anacardaceae Mango tree Leaves, root, stem bark haemorrhage,emmenagogue,insomnia,insanity,anthelmintics,anti
olo
microbials,astringent,asthma,cough

Gbaguda, Gonorrhoea, purgative,ulcer,eye


504 Manihot esculenta Euphorbiaceae Cassava Leaves, tubers,stem bark
Ege,Akpu,K'araza drop,schistosomiasis,toothache.

505 Manniophytum fuluum Euphorbiaceae Ege, Ebumen Root, shoots Bronchitis, cough, gonorrhoea, stomacharche.
506 Mansonia altissima Sterculiaceae Ofun, Otutu Mansonia Stem bark Constipation, leprosy.,aphrodisiac

Skin diseases,cough,purgative,antipyretic,abortifacient,
507 Mareya spicata Euphorbiaceae Uhosa Mareya Leaves,fruits, stem bark
tapeworms

Ranransa,
508 Mariscus alternifolius Cyperaceae Mariscus Stem-bases Gonorrhoea, healing wound
Ikeregun,alubosa eranko

Elephantiasis of scrotum,fevers,oedema,rheumatic pains,thrush,


509 Markhamia tomentosa Bignoniaceae Iru aya,aya Bell bean tree Leaves
malaria.

510 Marsdenia abyssinica Ascelepiadaceae Bark Gonorrhoea

Root, stem bark, fruits,


511 Marsderua latifolia Asclepiadaceae Heart disease digezstive disorders.
leaves

512 Massularia acuminata Rubiaceae Pako-Ijebu Ijebu chewing stick Root, stem bark Aphrodisiac, lumbago, cough, mental sickness.,anticariogenic

513 Matricaria recutita Compositae African chamomile Flower Analgesic, diarrhoea, antiinflammatory, antispasmodic

514 Mauclea vanderguchnii Rubiaceae Opepe-ira/Oro Stem, bark, roots Bathing sick child

515 Meerua crassifolia Capparidaceae Twigs Toothache, oral hygiene.

Rheumatic, gouts, eczema, inflammatory disease of the


516 Melaleuca leucadendron Myrtaceae Cajuput Leaves
respiratory tract and UTI colic flatulence.
Haemostatic, inflammation, chicken pox, purgative, cough, sore-
517 Melanthera scadens Compositae Abo-yunyun, Agbugbo Melanthera Leaves, roots, stems
throat.

518 Melanthra brownei Compositae Leaves Hemostatic agent, opthalmias, purgative.

Eke-oyinbo, Aforo- Persian liliac,pride of


519 Melia azedarach Meliaceae Bark, kernels, leaves Anti-syphilitic, boils, skin diseases, antihelmintic
oyinbo,Kumar nasaaara India,chinaberry

Elephantiasis, antiseptic,
520 Melicia excelsa Meliaceae Iroko,Oji Iroko tree Root, latex, bark
nausea,rheumatism,insomnia,abdominal pain, malaria.

521 Mentha piperata Lamiaceae Mintii Peppermint Whole plant Mouth wash,stomachache,chestpains, respiratory infections.

522 Meptunia oleracea Leguminosae Galajin ruwa Whole plant Yellow fever

Genito-urinary infection, rheumatic pain, skin infetion, dysentery,


523 Mesua Ferrea Guttiferae Iron wood tree Bark, flower, fruist, seed
cough, vomitting, dysentery, tonic.

524 Mezoneuron benthamianum Leguminosae Jenifinrani, amuranju Leaves, stem twigs, roots Gonorrhoea, urethral dischage, anthelmintic.

Ido-apata,
525 Microdesmis puberula Euphorbiaceae Esunsun,edopata,uroko- Microdesmis Bark, seeds, leaves Diarrhoea, dysentery, impotence,enema,wound,eye-drop.
apata,aringo,Ukperi

526 Microglossa abzelii Compositae Leaves, stem Tuberculosis, respiratory disease, cough, sorethroat, arachie.

Antipyretic, yellow fever, aphrodisiac, abortifctant, tooache, base


527 Microglossa pyrifolia Compositae Leaves, root
labour.
Anthelmintic, Aphrodistac, yellow fever, colds, filariasis,
528 Microglossa pyrifolia Compositae Asibogo Leaves, whole plant
toothache, abortifacient.

Cough, bronchitis, anthelmintics, lumbago, rheumatic


529 Mikania cordata Compositae Iyawa,ejon Climbing hemp-weed Leaves, sap,whole plant pains,urethritis,diuretic, malaria, conjunctivitis, schistosomiasis,
jaundice, small-pox.

530 Milletia zechiera Legumonsae Nousu ufo Leaves, stem bark Upper respiratory tact diseases, sorethroat, pains.

Ito,Tuburku,Ajukwu
531 Millettia thonningii Leguminosae Milletia Roots, bark Fever, cough, respiratory ailment,anthelmintic,ophthalmia
okeokpa

532 Mimosa pigra Mimosaceae Ewon agogo,Gumbi Catclaw Mimosa Leaves, seeds Febrile convulsion

Sensitive plant,shame
533 Mimosa pudica Mimosaceae Patanmo,aluro Leaves Guinea worms piles, kidney disease,fistula,boils
plant

534 Mimusops kummel Sapotaceae Emido,Uku Bullet wood Stem bark, seeds Antipyretic,astringent, mouth wash,stomachic

Tanaposo,aje Four 0' clock


535 Mirabilis jalapa Nyctaginaceae Roots,leaves Wounds,purgative
onisu,Giyeya,Uburu mili plant,marvel of peru

Irawo ile,irawo ale,googa


536 Mitracarpus scaber Rubiaceae Mitracarpus,button grass Whole plant Fungal diseases,wounds,ulcers
maaso

537 Mitragyna inermis Rubiaceae Okobo,Giyeya African Linden Bark Dysentery, leprosy,antipyretic,diuretic,gonorrhoea.

Abura, Ewe- Fever, cough, dysentery, pregnancy diseases,colic,skin


538 Mitragyna stipulosa Rubiaceae Mitragyna,African linden Leaves, stem, roots
Obi,Uburu,Gayensori diseases,anthelmintics
Chick weed(daisy-
539 Mollugo nudicaulis Molluginaceae Kujekuje,Ankwai narba Whole plant Whooping cough,vermifuge
leaved)

540 Mollugo oppositifolius Molluginaceae Sawewe Whole plant Antimicrobial,caries,stomachic,headache

541 Momordica angustisepala Cucurbitaceae Ejirin-nla Stem Antimicrobial.

Diabetes, piles, convulsions, jaundice, sore,nervous


Ejinrinwere,Alo-ose, African Cucumber, bitter Whole plant, seeds, fruit
542 Momordica charantia Cucurbitaceae disorders,diabetic recipe,emetic,night
Kakayi gourd,balsam pear root
blindness,aphrodisiac,dysmenorrhoea,anthelmintic,antimicrobials

Large-leaved African
543 Momordica foetida Cucurbitaceae Ejirin - lila,Hakayi,Alu-osi Leaves, fruit Diabetes, stomach-ache,laxative,anthelmintic
bitter cucumber

Isirigun, Gbolo-gbolo,
544 Mondia whitei Periplocaceae Mondi Root, leaves, whole plant. Pile, malaria, rubefacient.
Aghuma

545 Monodora brevipes Annonaceae Ako-lakose Fruit, roots, stem Venereal diseases, purgative, urethral stricture.

Constipation, lice, guinea worm,


546 Monodora myristica Annonaceae Abo-lakoshe,Ariwo,Ehuru Calabash nutmeg Seeds
headache,anaemia,impotence,wounds,arthritis.

Antihaemorrhage, dysentery, Parasitic skin diseases,


547 Monodora tenuifolia Anacardiaceae Ehina-wo sinin ruits, leaves, root
toothache.

548 Monsonia senegalensis Geraniaceae Oil Emmenagogue

Dandojee,Akule,Inuwar
549 Morelia senegalensis Rubiaceae Morelia Stem Fever, general debility,fish poison.
bauna
Malaria, diabetes, heart
Oruwo, eruwo,Eze ogu Leaves, stem bark, root
550 Morinda lucida Rubiaceae Brimstone-tree diseases,purgative,emetic,diuretic,jaundice,flatulence, Anti-
,Njisi bark
cancer.

Fever, jaundice, asthma,


551 Morinda morindioides Rubiaceae Oju-Ologbo Morinda Root, bark, leaves, fruit
dysentery,colic,emmenagogue,vermifuge,constipation

Inflammatory diseases, asthma,antipyretic, cough, earache, liver


Ewe-ile, Ewe- Horse radish tree,
Leaves, roots, stem bark, and pancreas diseases, venereal
552 Moringa oleifera Moringaceae igbale,zogale,Okweoyeibe, Moringa tree, “Never
fruit diseases,emetic,anthelmintic,hysteria,diarrhoea,diuretic,catarrhal
Bagaaruwar makka die” ,drumstick tree
diseases.

Agbagba,uraye, ewe-
553 Morus mesozygia Moraceae Morus,aiye Leaves Mystic properties,for bathing newborns,sedative.
aye,aye, aremo

554 Mostuea Thomsoni Loganlaceae Roots Aphrodislac, Use for controlling high blood pressure.

Werepe, Cow-hage,cow-itch
555 Mucuna pruriens Leguminosae Hairs on the pods Intestinal worms,genito-urinary diseases.
Esisi,Abbala,Kakara plant,velvet bean

Ewe-ina,werepe, yerepe Haemorrhoids, diuretics,micturition problems in children,skin


556 Mucuna sloanei Leguminosae Stinging Bean Seeds,roots
esinsin,Kakara,osese diseases.

Shoot, Cough,flatulence,aperient, amoebiasis, wound-dressing,


557 Mukia maderaspatana Cucurbitaceae Ina-oka, Oki-oka, Igbokita. Mukia
leaves,roots,exudate. toothache,mental disorders, neuralgia.

558 Mundulea Sericera Leguminosae Root Antiparasitic

559 Murraya Koenigii Rultaceae Ebafo Curry leaf tree Leaves, Bark, Root Dysentery, Fever, diarrhoea, herpes pains, stimulant.

Diarrhoea, dysentery, epilepsy, wounds, goiter,


Ogede
gonorrhoea,anaemia, venereal
560 Musa paradisiaca Musaceae agbagba,Ayaba,Ojioko,Og Plaintain Leaves, roots, fruits
diseases,haemostatic,diabetes,anthelmintics,abortifacient,oligos
adejoioke
permia, malaria.
561 Musa sapientum Musaceae Ogede were,Agade Banana Leaves,fruits Jaundice,mental disorders,typhoid fever,diarrhoea, malaria.

Roots, exudate,
562 Musanga cecropioides Moraceae Aga, Agbawo,Oro Corkwood,umbrella tree Tapeworms, dysentery, fevers,anthelmintic,cough
leaves,bark

Ado,odo-omode,pani
563 Mussaenda elegans Rubiaceae Mussaenda Bark Astringent
ebi,Ezebwo

Obisere,ewe-
564 Myriantus arboreus Moraceae Myriantus Bark Dysentery,anthelmintics,cough,antitumour
ade,ibishere,Ujuju

Irosun-igbo,
565 Napoleona imperialis Lecythidaceae Irosun,Akbodo,Mabungi,N Napoleona Twigs Asthma, cough,toothache
nekeloche

Leaves, bark, seeds,


566 Napoleona vogelii Lecythidaceae Ito, Gbogbori,Akbodo Napoleona Diabetes, fever, cough, catarrh.
twigs, fruit, root

Opepe,African peach Gonorrhoea, antimalaria, appetizer, piles,dyspepsia, rheumatism,


567 Nauclea diderrichii Rubiaceae Opepe,Uburu,Tafashiya Root, stem bark, fruit
tree dysentery,febrifuge

Egbesi, Gberesi,Tafashiya
rkura - Inner bark,stem Cough,febrile conditions,thrush,jaundice,piles,emetic,menstrual
568 Nauclea latifolia Rubiaceae Nauclea,African peach
ukora,Igiyaa,Nwaohuakon sap,roots,fruits,root-bark disorders,stomach disorders,measles,sore
shi

569 Nelsonia compestria Acanthaceae Damdun-Makiyaya Leaves, juice, twigs Yellow fever, eye inflammation, diarrhoea, schistosomiasis.

570 Neostenanthera-myristicifolia Annonaceae Uyenghen-eze Leaves Tumor of the nose, anthelmintic

571 Nephrolepsis bisserata Nephrolepidaceae Iramu,owuro Fern Whole plant, root Pregnancy booster,dysmenorrhoea toothache.
Dysentery,anthelmintics,cough,antitumour,abortifacient,skin
572 Nerium oleander Apocynaceae Adodo Oleander Leaves,whole plant,roots
diseases,pile.

573 Nesogordonia papaverifera Sterculiaceae Opepe-ira/Oro,Otalo Danta Twigs Dysentery, toothache,pregnancy booster.

Round worms, elephantiasis, dysentery, malaria, convulsions,


574 Newbouldia laevis Bignoniaceae Akoko,Ogirisi,Aduruku Tree of life, fertility tree Bark, leaves, root migraine,cough,yellow fever, stomach-ache, hernia,infertility, ear-
ache.

575 Nicotiana tabacum Solanaceae Ewe taba,Otaba,taba Tobacco Leaves Ringworm, cold, convulsions, ulcers, nausea,anthelmintic.

Osibata,Bado,Mkpokpome Vomiting,astringent,antiseptic,demulcent,sedative,rheumatic
576 Nymphaea lotus Nymphaeceae Water lily Whole plant
re pains, Anti-tumour.

Gonorrhoea, catarrhal conditions, cough, constipation, dysentery,


Efinrin-
577 Ocimum basilicum Labiatae Sweet and Hairy basil Whole plant ringworm,carminative,stimulant,hypertension,anthelmintics,antipyr
wewe,daidoya,Nchanwu
etic,blood tonic.

Efinrin-nla,efinrin- Cough, diarrhea, convulsions, fever, cold, bronchitis,colic ,insect


578 Ocimum gratissimum Labiatae aja,oromoba,Daidoya, Tea bush,balsam,basil Leaves, whole plant repellant,antimicrobials,anthelmintics,hypertension,hypertension,d
Nchanwu iabetes,piles, Antibacteria.

Ifon,masepe,Igbulu,Gwano Roots, leaves, stem, bark, Yellow fever, jaundice, guinea worm, venereal diseases,mental
579 Olax subscorpioidea Olacaceae Olax,stink ant forest
rafi,Gwaanon raafii twigs disorders,toothache.

Antipyretic, ease labour, nervous disorders,haemostatic,


580 Oldelandia corymbosa Rubiaceae Oyigi,Raatsa-hanji Oldelandia Whole plant
venereal disorders, antidote to snake venom

Anthelmintics,scabies,filariasis,cough,chest pain,enhances
581 Olyra latifolia Poaceae Iye-etu,Ami Olyra Seeds,roots,leaves
fertility

Gbonsere, Panisa, Snuff-box tree,fried-egg


582 Oncoba spinosa Flacourtiaceae Roots, leaves Cough, cold, sore throat, wounds
Ponsere,Kookoocikoo tree
Koyin-solorun,Inuwar
583 Opilia celtidifolia Opiliaceae Opilia Roots,stem Anthelmintics,purgative,diuretic.
gadaa

Guinea worms,abscesses, gonorrhoea, asthma, whooping


584 Opuntia dillenii Cactaceae Oro-agogo Prickly pear Stem,fruits,exudate.
cough,purgative,astringent.

585 Ouratea flava Ochnaceae Nkanka Ochna Leaves, fruits Laxative,vitamins

Jeenu benu,
586 Oxalis corniculata Oxalidaceae Yellow oxalis,wood sorrel Leaves Fever, dysentery,warts, boils.
Patanmo,Oneko,Tsuku

587 Oxyanthus tubiflorus Rubiaceae Osodun,Ezelugbogan Afroloquat Whole plant Fever,antiscorbutic,biliousness,warts,opacity,toothache

588 Pachira glabra Bombacaceae Epa-boro Guinea peanut,lucky tree Bark,leaves,seeds Stomach disorders,headache, blood tonic

589 Pachypodanturum staudtii Annonaceae Ntoko neto Pepper tree Stem, bark, roots Gastro-intestinal pains, headache, chest pains, verifuge

Jagborokun,rogbo-
590 Palisota hirsuta Commelinaceae Palisota Roots,leaves,stem-twigs. Anaemia, dysentery,cough,toothache,gonorrhoea.
aguntan,Atolo,Ikpere aturu

591 Pallaea schweinfurthii Adeantaceae Cliff-brake fem Rhizome Sore gums, mouth cankery.

Alubosa-Oloko,Hatsin
592 Pancratium trianthum Liliaceae Pancratium lily Bulb Visual hallucination,convulsion,cold.
manoomaa

593 Parinari curatellaefolia Rosaceae Abo-idofun,Rura Rough-skinned plum Roots,leaves,bark Skin infections,antipyretic,anthelmintics,nervous disorders,cough
Malaria,skin
Neou oil tree,ginger
594 Parinari macrophylla Rosaceae Gwasa,putu,Rura Kernels,fruits infections,anthelmintic,antibacterial,cough,purgative,cardiac
bread plum
tonic,eye diseases,astringent.

Igba, Igi-iru West African locust Leaves, bark, seeds, fruit Tonic, wounds, malaria, diabetes,high blood pressure,mental
595 Parkia biglobosa Leguminosae
Dadawa,Ogirili,Dorowa bean, Dadawa tree pulp disorders,astringent,intestinal disorders,obesity,anti-tumour.

596 Paropsia guineansis Passsfloraceae Akapue, koropo Roots Toothache

Gonorrhea,skin diseases,menstrual disorders,cardiac


597 Parquetina nigrescens Periplocaceae Ogbo African parquetina Leaves,latex,bark,roots
tonic,dysentery, Blood tonic.

598 Passiflora foetida Passifloraceae Nine-nine,Ahe enyi Stinking passion flower Roots,leaves,fruits Hypertension,cough,emmenagogue,antispasmodic,sedative.

Kakansenla, Obi-
Sore throat, leprosy, jaundice, menstrual disorder, sore throat,
Omode,Isu-omode,Itakun- Hippo cola, five
599 Paullinia pinnata Sapindaceae Leaves, seeds, roots black tongue,ophthalmia,dysentery,haemostatic
okere,Ogberi- fingers,water cola
agent,astringent.aphrodisiac, malaria.
akuko,Yatsabiyar

600 Paulowilhelnua polyspernia Acantuaceae Leaves Guineaworm

Gonorrhoea, diuretic, demulcant, spermatorrhoea, dysurin,


601 Pedalium murex Pedialiaceae Whole plant, fruits
enlarged spleen.

602 Penianthus zenicem Menispermaceae Twigs, root Aphrodisias, wounds, oral hygiene.

Esu-funfun,eesu,esusun-
603 Pennisetum purpureum Poaceae Elephant grass Whole plant Gastro-intestinal disorders,diuretic,mumps
funfun,Achara,Dawarkada

Fever, stomachache, appetizer, general


604 Pentaclethra macrophylla Leguminosae Apapa, Pala,pakala,Ugba Africa Oil bean tree Leaves, bark, root
weakness,anthelmintics,sore,jaundice.
605 Pentadesma butyracea Guttiferae Orogbo erin,iroro,Oze Butter tree,tallow tree Seeds Anthelmintic

606 Peperomia pellucida Piperaceae Rinrin, renren Sumlako, silver bush Whole plant Convulsions, wounds,mental disorders,hypertension

Rheumatism, intestinal worms, piles, catarrhal diseases,craw-


Leaf, twigs, root bark,
607 Pergularia daemia Asclepiadaceae Atufa, Oju-Kokarun,Utaezi Pergularia craw,coughs,emmenagogue,smallpox,mental disorder,skin
stem
diseases,diarrhoea, eye infection.

608 Pericopsis laxiflora Leguminosae Ayan, sedu, egbin,Bafini Pericopsis Bark Oedema,antitumour.

Pia, apoka,Ubebekee,Ube
609 Persea americana Lauraceae Avocado pear Leaves, fruits,seeds Hypertension,malaria,insomnia,gastro-intestinal disorders
oyinbo

610 Petersianthus macrocarpus Lecythidaceae Akasun, Upi Stinkwood Stem twigs Chronic bronchitis,lumbago,headache.

All purpose herb for


611 Petiveria alliacea Phytolaccaceae Awogba Anamu Whole plant,leaves,root cancer,antimicrobial,diabetes,stroke,diuretic,sedative,abortifacie
nt,analgesic,anthelmintics,cough,insecticide,snake repellant.

Carminative,stimulant,Vitamin
612 Petroselinum crispum Apiaceae Pasili Parsley Whole plant C,emmenagogue,asthma,diuretic,antipyretic,conjunctivitis,jaundic
e.

613 Phaseolus vulgaris Leguminosae Awuje, Eree,Wake Kidney bean Seeds Antifungal,skin diseases

614 Phaulopsis falcisepala Acanthaceae Apa-Ogbe Phaulopsis Whole plant Wounds, skin parasite, laxative, aphrodisiac

615 Philoxerus vermiculatus Amaranthaceae Amarante bond Leaves Hernia pains, fever, inflammation.
Genito-urinary disorders, cough, asthma, fever,
616 Phoenix dactylifera Palmae Okun, Ekikun,Kijinjiri Date palm Fruits, sap,leaves
gonorrrhoea,demulcent

Gonorrhoea, genito-urinary diseases,asthma,diabetes,typhoid


Eyin-olobe,ehinbinisowo,
617 Phyllanthus amarus Euphorbiaceae Phyllanthus,amarus plant Whole plant fever, jaundice, stomach-ache, dysentery,ringworm,
yoloba,Geron-tsuntsaye
hypertension.

Arunjeran, Asasa,egungun-
Jaundice, skin diseases,antimicrobials, stomach problems, fever,
618 Phyllanthus muellerianus Euphorbiaceae eja,eegun- Myrobalan Whole plant
cough,insomnia,dysentery.
eja,Kumcii,Egueza

Koropo,
619 Physalis angulata Solanaceae Ground angular cherry Whole plant Fever, asthma, diarrhoea, throat swelling,infertility, malaria.
papo,Putu,Matsarmana

Chopnut, Calabar bean, Glaucoma, antidote to atropine and strychnine poison,


620 Physostigma venosum Leguminosae Isho,Esgerem Seeds
ordeal bean contraction of pupils,jiggers,poison.

Elephant
621 Phytolacca dodecandra Phytolaccaceae Dere, Osun-erin. tree,allspice,pokeberry,g Young leaves,twig Bilharzia,purgative,emetic,vermifuge
arget,scoke

Fever, dysmenorrhoea, hypertension, herpes,


622 Picralima nitida Apocynaceae Erin, eso abere,Osu igwe Picralima Root, seeds,bark
diabetes,anthelmintics, malaria.

Leaves, pods, stem twigs, Fever, ulcer, rheumatism, cough, tooth-


623 Piliostigma reticulatum Leguminosae Abafe,Kargoo Piliostigma, kargo
roots ache,hookworms,diuretic,diabetes

Herbal recipe ingredient, rheumatism,antipyretic, anti-emetic,


Iyere, Ata- stomachache, mental
624 Piper guineense Piperaceae Climbing black pepper Fruits, leaves,seeds
iyere,Ozeza,Masooroo illness,anthelmintic,carminative,impotence,antimicrobials,hyperten
sion

Black pepper White Diuretic, carminative, aromatic, diaphoretic, piles, diarrhoea,


625 Piper nigrum Piperaceae Fruit
peper boils, Rheumatic, pains, toothache, emmenagogue antiperiodic.

Rheumatism, inflammatory tumours,


626 Piper umbellatum Piperaceae Ewe efon, iwere Wild pepper leaves, root, fruits
carmative,diuretic,emmenagogue,pile,urinary disorders
Purgative,headache,toothache,enema,cardiac tonic,irregular
627 Piptadeniastrum africanum Leguminosae Agbonyin,Ufi,Kiriya kurmi Dahoma Stem twigs,leaves
menstruation,coated tongue.

628 Pisoria aculeata Neyctaginaceae Leaf,stem twigs Venereal diseases, rheumatic, pains.